CN103299943B - A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103299943B
CN103299943B CN201310173383.8A CN201310173383A CN103299943B CN 103299943 B CN103299943 B CN 103299943B CN 201310173383 A CN201310173383 A CN 201310173383A CN 103299943 B CN103299943 B CN 103299943B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pond
air lift
pool
culturing pool
precipitation tank
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310173383.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103299943A (en
Inventor
高勇
姜华
郭柏福
管敏
曲焕韬
张建明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHINESE STURGEON RESEARCH INSTITUTE CHINA THREE GORGES Corp
Original Assignee
CHINESE STURGEON RESEARCH INSTITUTE CHINA THREE GORGES Corp
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHINESE STURGEON RESEARCH INSTITUTE CHINA THREE GORGES Corp filed Critical CHINESE STURGEON RESEARCH INSTITUTE CHINA THREE GORGES Corp
Priority to CN201310173383.8A priority Critical patent/CN103299943B/en
Publication of CN103299943A publication Critical patent/CN103299943A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103299943B publication Critical patent/CN103299943B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system, it is by culturing pool, internal circulation system and external circulating system composition, culturing pool periphery is provided with internal circulation system and external circulating system, internal circulation system comprises air lift pond, combined type air-lift device is provided with in gas cell, air lift pond water inlet and air lift pond delivery port is respectively equipped with bottom culturing pool and air lift pond intersection pool wall, the water outlet direction of air lift pond delivery port is identical with culturing pool flow path direction, external circulating system comprises first stage precipitation tank successively, second-level settling pond, mechanical filter, collecting basin, by-pass channel, biofilter, sand filter and ultraviolet-sterilization catchment integral pool, first stage precipitation tank is arranged on the outside of culturing pool.The present invention has that construction costs is low, water treatment efficiency is high, operation energy consumption is low, operating cost is low, easy to operate, failure rate is low; In culturing pool, dissolved oxygen content is high, can meet the advantages such as high-density breeding.This invention has a good promotion prospects.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system
Technical field
The invention belongs to industry fishery field, be specifically related to a kind of industrial aquaculture system that can be used for the multiple breed variety such as fish, precious marine product class, particularly relate to a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system.
Background technology
In recent years, industrial aquaculture mode development is swift and violent, and breed variety mainly comprises a series of famous-brand and high-quality kinds such as sea, freshwater fish, Shrimp waste, shellfish and precious marine product class.The major way of industrial aquaculture comprises artesian water industrial aquaculture, semi-enclosed industrial aquaculture and totally enclosed type industrial aquaculture, although artesian water cultivates and semi-enclosed industrial aquaculture pattern aquaculture cost is relatively low, but it is low to the availability of water, wasting phenomenon is comparatively serious, with low content of technology, the discharge of breeding wastewater easily causes secondary pollution, moreover, it requires that water source is abundant, this cultivation area relatively nervous at some water sources is difficult to realize, Given this, current most of industrial aquaculture is selected to adopt totally enclosed type industrial aquaculture pattern, i.e. circulating water cultivation pattern.
Industrial circulating water cultivating pattern carries out designed system according to fish nutrition demand and metabolism, pool water pollution feature and load, breed variety to the mechanism etc. that the requirement of water quality, biofilter function are formed, be a kind of incorporated biology, microbial engineering, water treatment facilities, information and calculator etc. multi-disciplinary efficient, economize on water, industrial aquaculture technology free from environmental pollution.The formation of industrial circulating water cultivating system mainly contains culturing pool, water purification system and auxiliary equipment, and its key technology is water purification technology.It not only increases the availability of aquaculture water, has broken the restriction of water source to culture fishery, is also very helpful to the situation of the disruption of ecological balance solving China's extensive operation type, the Resource Dependence type aquatic products mode of production causes, environmental deterioration, resource atrophy.Though industrial circulating water cultivating pattern is gradually in maturation, go back the series of problems such as ubiquity equipment investment is large, operating cost is high, operational administrative is loaded down with trivial details.Current, need badly and build that a kind of small investment, operating cost are low, the industrial aquaculture system of convenient operation and management, to clear away the obstacle of industrial circulating water cultivating, improve the benefit of industrial aquaculture, be more conducive to the health of culture fishery, sustainable development.Application number be 200610018309.9 Chinese patent disclose one and to breed fish binary cycle system, it also has circular interior pond, internal circulation system and external circulating system, but its storing tank is all to purify waste water, and air-lift device is suspended in circular interior pond, although its Water warfare circulating effect is relatively good, but water extraction gas ventilation effect is bad, sometimes causes injury to fish, therefore need to address this problem.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the deficiency of existing binary cycle system of breeding fish, technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide that a kind of small investment, operating cost are low, the industrial aquaculture system that can be used for a series of famous-brand and high-quality kinds such as sea water and fresh water fish, Shrimp waste, shellfish and precious marine product class of convenient operation and management, to clear away the obstacle of industrial circulating water cultivating, improve the benefit of cultivation, be beneficial to the health of culture fishery, sustainable development, it not only solves the problem that purification of water quality recycles, and enhances the effect proposing gas ventilation simultaneously.
The technical solution used in the present invention:
A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system, it is by culturing pool, internal circulation system and external circulating system composition, culturing pool periphery is provided with internal circulation system and external circulating system, internal circulation system comprises air lift pond, combined type air-lift device is provided with in air lift pond, air lift pond water inlet and air lift pond delivery port is respectively equipped with bottom culturing pool and air lift pond intersection pool wall, the water outlet direction of air lift pond delivery port is identical with culturing pool flow path direction, external circulating system comprises first stage precipitation tank successively, second-level settling pond, mechanical filter, collecting basin, by-pass channel, biofilter, sand filter and ultraviolet-sterilization catchment integral pool, first stage precipitation tank is arranged on the outside of culturing pool.
Above-mentioned culturing pool is circular interior pond, and in circular, pond periphery is provided with the outer pond of four triangles, and wherein, three outer ponds of triangle are air lift pond, and another one triangle pond is as first stage precipitation tank.
Be provided with the blow-off line controlled by gate valve bottom above-mentioned air lift pond, blow-off line has air lift pond sewage draining exit, and at air lift pond mid-mounting combined type air-lift device.
Above-mentioned first stage precipitation tank is communicated with pond in circle by circular interior pond outlet pipe, is also provided with first stage precipitation tank blow-off pipe, first stage precipitation tank drainpipe bottom first stage precipitation tank.
Above-mentioned combined type air-lift device comprises fixed frame, is provided with breather pipe in fixed frame, and breather pipe one end is connected with fan blower, and the other end connects blast pipe, and breather pipe is also provided with gate valve.
Above-mentioned second-level settling pond, mechanical filter, collecting basin, by-pass channel, biofilter, sand filter and ultraviolet disinfection catchment bottom integral pool and all arrange blow-off line.
Aeration oxygen replenishing pipeline is laid in above-mentioned biofilter and ultraviolet disinfection integral pool.
Above-mentioned external circulating system is also provided with cold-heat exchanger, and cold-heat exchanger is for regulating temperature of cultivation, and the pipeline communication on cold-heat exchanger is sterilized outward the integral pool that catchments.
Mechanical filter is provided with in above-mentioned mechanical filter; Ultraviolet disinfection catchments in integral pool and is provided with ultraviolet sterilizer; " V " shape is built into bottom biofilter, so that dirt collect discharge, it is divided into four independently biological processing units, and four biological processing units are arranged in parallel, in each unit in biofilter, the multiple biofilter material of lower floor's place mat is as biofilm carrier, throw in microbial composite bacteria preparation, with the ammonia nitrogen in decomposition and inversion water body and nitrite nitrogen; After each biological filter unit, connect a sand filter, in filter bed, be provided with filter sand filter material, for removing pernicious gas in water body and some impurity.
5cm place below culturing pool water level is positioned at bottom above-mentioned air lift pond delivery port.
The technique effect that the present invention obtains:
1, construction costs of the present invention is low, except the capital expenditure such as factory building, culturing pool, eliminates the investment of the equipment such as protein separator, effectively saves cost of investment;
2, the present invention have that water treatment efficiency is high, operation energy consumption is low, operating cost is low, the feature of easy to operate, failure rate is low;
3, biofilter is divided into four independently biological processing units, and four biological processing units are arranged in parallel, so that do not delay the operation of whole system when cleaning each processing unit;
4, the present invention has carried out fully, reasonably utilizing to culturing pool, and can produce the current of certain flow rate in culturing pool, makes culturing pool environment closer to natural flows environment, is beneficial to the growth of breed variety;
5, water circulation efficiency of the present invention is high, and Inner eycle water treatment exchange times can reach 100 times/day, and in breeding water body, dissolved oxygen content is high, can meet high-density breeding, creates higher economic benefit and social value with minimum cost of investment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: integral planar structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2: air lift pool structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3: combined type air-lift device structural representation;
Fig. 4: outer circulation water treatment system structural representation;
Fig. 5: outer circulation water treatment system profile;
1-culturing pool; 2-air lift pond; 3-first stage precipitation tank; 4-combined type airlift pump; 5-circular interior pond outlet pipe; 6-first stage precipitation tank blow-off pipe; 7-first stage precipitation tank outlet pipe; 8-second-level settling pond; 9-mechanical filter; 10-collecting basin; 11-by-pass channel; 12-biofilter; 13-sand filter; 14-ultraviolet-sterilization catchments integral pool; 15-water (flow) direction; 16-air lift pond water inlet; 17-air lift pond discharge outlet; 18-air lift pond sewage draining exit; 19-breather pipe; 20-fixed frame; 21-blast pipe; 22-biofilter material; 23-aeration oxygen replenishing pipeline; 24-sand filtration filter material; 25-mechanical filter; 26-ultraviolet sterilizer.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the present invention are described further.
See Fig. 1-5, a kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system, it is made up of culturing pool 1, internal circulation system and external circulating system, culturing pool periphery is provided with internal circulation system and external circulating system, internal circulation system comprises air lift pond 2, combined type air-lift device 4 is provided with in air lift pond, air lift pond water inlet 16 and air lift pond delivery port 17 is respectively equipped with bottom culturing pool 1 and air lift pond intersection pool wall, the water outlet direction of air lift pond delivery port is identical with culturing pool flow path direction, is positioned at 5cm place below culturing pool water level bottom described air lift pond delivery port.External circulating system comprises first stage precipitation tank 3, second-level settling pond 8, mechanical filter 9, collecting basin 10, by-pass channel 11, biofilter 12, sand filter 13 and ultraviolet-sterilization successively and to catchment integral pool 14, and first stage precipitation tank is arranged on the outside of culturing pool.
Described culturing pool is circular interior pond, and in circular, pond periphery is provided with the outer pond of four triangles, and wherein, three outer ponds of triangle are air lift pond, and another one triangle pond is as first stage precipitation tank.Be provided with the blow-off line controlled by gate valve bottom above-mentioned air lift pond, blow-off line has air lift pond sewage draining exit 18, and at air lift pond mid-mounting combined type air-lift device.Above-mentioned first stage precipitation tank is communicated with pond in circle by circular interior pond outlet pipe 5, is also provided with first stage precipitation tank blow-off pipe 6, first stage precipitation tank drainpipe 7 bottom first stage precipitation tank.
Described combined type air-lift device comprises fixed frame 20, is provided with breather pipe 19 in fixed frame, and breather pipe one end is connected with fan blower, and the other end connects blast pipe 21, and breather pipe is also provided with slag valve.Described second-level settling pond, mechanical filter, collecting basin, by-pass channel, biofilter, sand filter and ultraviolet disinfection catchment bottom integral pool and all arrange blow-off line.Aeration oxygen replenishing pipeline 23 is laid in described biofilter and ultraviolet disinfection integral pool.Described external circulating system is also provided with cold-heat exchanger, and cold-heat exchanger is for regulating temperature of cultivation, and the pipeline communication on cold-heat exchanger is sterilized outward the integral pool that catchments.
Mechanical filter 25 is provided with in described mechanical filter; Ultraviolet disinfection catchments in integral pool and is provided with ultraviolet sterilizer 26; " V " shape is built into bottom biofilter, so that dirt collect discharge, it is divided into four independently biological processing units, and four biological processing units are arranged in parallel, in each unit in biofilter, the multiple biofilter material 22 of lower floor's place mat is as biofilm carrier, throw in microbial composite bacteria preparation, with the ammonia nitrogen in decomposition and inversion water body and nitrite nitrogen; After each biological filter unit, connect a sand filter, in filter bed, be provided with filter sand filter material 24, for removing pernicious gas in water body and some impurity.
First breeding wastewater enters first stage precipitation tank, after primary precipitation, enter second-level settling pond from drainpipe, carries out secondary precipitation; Connect a mechanical filter after each second-level settling pond, breeding wastewater enters mechanical filter after secondary precipitation, filters out the bulky grain discarded object in water; After mechanical filter, aquaculture water concentrates in collecting basin, enters biofilter by by-pass channel; Biofilter is divided into four parts, certainly four parts are not limited to, every part is an independently biological processing unit, four processing units are arranged in parallel, and biofilter can being made like this not delay operation when cleaning, being built into " V " shape bottom biofilter, so that dirt collect discharge, in each unit of biological treatment tank, the multiple filtrate of lower floor's place mat is as biofilm carrier, throws in microbial composite bacteria preparation, with the ammonia nitrogen in decomposition and inversion water body and nitrite nitrogen; After each biological treatment pool unit connect a sand filter, object be removing water body in pernicious gas and some impurity; Breeding wastewater from sand filter out import afterwards ultraviolet-sterilization catchment integral pool carry out disinfection, oxygenation, last aquaculture water enters culturing pool from the ultraviolet-sterilization integral pool that catchments, and completes circulation.

Claims (6)

1. a high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system, it is by culturing pool (1), internal circulation system and external circulating system composition, culturing pool periphery is provided with internal circulation system and external circulating system, it is characterized in that: internal circulation system comprises air lift pond (2), combined type air-lift device (4) is provided with in air lift pond, air lift pond water inlet (16) and air lift pond delivery port (17) is respectively equipped with bottom culturing pool (1) and air lift pond intersection pool wall, the water outlet direction of air lift pond delivery port is identical with culturing pool flow path direction, external circulating system comprises first stage precipitation tank (3) successively, second-level settling pond (8), mechanical filter (9), collecting basin (10), by-pass channel (11), biofilter (12), sand filter (13) and ultraviolet-sterilization catchment integral pool (14), first stage precipitation tank is arranged on the outside of culturing pool, described culturing pool is circular interior pond, and in circular, pond periphery is provided with the outer pond of four triangles, and wherein, three outer ponds of triangle are air lift pond, and another one triangle pond is as first stage precipitation tank, be provided with the blow-off line controlled by gate valve bottom described air lift pond, blow-off line has air lift pond sewage draining exit (18), and at air lift pond mid-mounting combined type air-lift device,
Described first stage precipitation tank is communicated with pond in circle by circular interior pond outlet pipe (5), is also provided with first stage precipitation tank blow-off pipe (6), first stage precipitation tank drainpipe (7) bottom first stage precipitation tank;
Mechanical filter (25) is provided with in described mechanical filter; Ultraviolet disinfection catchments in integral pool and is provided with ultraviolet sterilizer (26); " V " shape is built into bottom biofilter, so that dirt collect discharge, it is divided into four independently biological processing units, and four biological processing units are arranged in parallel, in each unit in biofilter, the multiple biofilter material of lower floor's place mat (22) is as biofilm carrier, throw in microbial composite bacteria preparation, with the ammonia nitrogen in decomposition and inversion water body and nitrite nitrogen; After each biological filter unit, connect a sand filter, in filter bed, be provided with filter sand filter material (24), for removing pernicious gas in water body and some impurity.
2. high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described combined type air-lift device comprises fixed frame (20), breather pipe (19) is provided with in fixed frame, breather pipe one end is connected with fan blower, the other end connects blast pipe (21), and breather pipe is also provided with gate valve.
3. high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described second-level settling pond, mechanical filter, collecting basin, by-pass channel, biofilter, sand filter and ultraviolet disinfection catchment bottom integral pool and all arrange blow-off line.
4. high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: lay aeration oxygen replenishing pipeline (23) in described biofilter and ultraviolet disinfection integral pool.
5. high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described external circulating system is also provided with cold-heat exchanger, cold-heat exchanger is for regulating temperature of cultivation, and the pipeline communication on cold-heat exchanger is sterilized outward the integral pool that catchments.
6. high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: be positioned at 5cm place below culturing pool water level bottom described air lift pond delivery port.
CN201310173383.8A 2013-05-10 2013-05-10 A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system Active CN103299943B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310173383.8A CN103299943B (en) 2013-05-10 2013-05-10 A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310173383.8A CN103299943B (en) 2013-05-10 2013-05-10 A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103299943A CN103299943A (en) 2013-09-18
CN103299943B true CN103299943B (en) 2015-09-09

Family

ID=49126011

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310173383.8A Active CN103299943B (en) 2013-05-10 2013-05-10 A kind of high-efficiency and energy-saving type batch production Two-way Cycle cultivating system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103299943B (en)

Families Citing this family (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103518664A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-01-22 丹阳市现代生态水产养殖场 Aquaculture system
CN103548751B (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-07-15 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Energy-saving air-lift recirculating aquaculture fish pond system
CN104621014A (en) * 2013-11-15 2015-05-20 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Prawn circulating aquaculture system and operation method
CN103766269B (en) * 2014-01-21 2015-06-17 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Double-circulation cultivation system for early baby clam of purple-black wing clam
CN104509466A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-15 惠州市财兴实业有限公司 Treatment method of ecological breeding circulating water for turtles
CN104642238B (en) * 2015-03-06 2017-02-01 通威股份有限公司 Three-pond circulating culture method for aquaculture
CN108575856A (en) * 2018-03-08 2018-09-28 天津农学院 A kind of water circulation control system for aquaculture
CN108967326A (en) * 2018-09-12 2018-12-11 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Energy saving cyclic water cultivating system and its circulating water cultivation method
CN109730021A (en) * 2019-02-01 2019-05-10 中国水产科学研究院南海水产研究所 A kind of intermittent Two-way Cycle industrial circulating water cultivating system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1806537A (en) * 2006-01-25 2006-07-26 兰泽桥 Ecological energy-saving level dual-cycle water treatment system for industrialized fish culture
CN101548655A (en) * 2008-12-20 2009-10-07 河北科技师范学院 Ecological closed cycle water fish-cultivating method
CN102351367A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-02-15 河北省水产研究所 Method for regulating and controlling water quality of fully enclosed circulation sea-water industrial mariculture
CN102742536A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-10-24 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Ecological seawater rare fish factorization circulating water aquaculture system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1806537A (en) * 2006-01-25 2006-07-26 兰泽桥 Ecological energy-saving level dual-cycle water treatment system for industrialized fish culture
CN101548655A (en) * 2008-12-20 2009-10-07 河北科技师范学院 Ecological closed cycle water fish-cultivating method
CN102351367A (en) * 2011-06-30 2012-02-15 河北省水产研究所 Method for regulating and controlling water quality of fully enclosed circulation sea-water industrial mariculture
CN102742536A (en) * 2012-07-24 2012-10-24 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Ecological seawater rare fish factorization circulating water aquaculture system

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103299943A (en) 2013-09-18

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN204409254U (en) Indoor stereo aquaculture device
CN103999812B (en) Fish-vegetable symbiotic integration system
CN104585097B (en) A kind of circulating aquaculture device and method
CN105638515B (en) A kind of ecological circulation freshwater aquaculture method
CN102067824B (en) Closed circulating seawater prawn pond culture system
CN202218569U (en) Zero-emission circulatory water breeding system
CN100421553C (en) Ecological energy-saving level dual-cycle water treatment system for industrialized fish culture
CN104094885B (en) A kind of high-efficiency low-carbon culture of Penaeus vannamei system
CN103503815B (en) Circuit-type fishpond breeding system integrating circulating water treatment process
CN202714070U (en) High-efficiency energy-saving environment-friendly recirculating aquaculture system
CN204350883U (en) A kind of cycle water loach breeding system
CN102126794B (en) Artificial wetland purifying system for free waterfall aeration
KR102034822B1 (en) Super-large scale photon capture bioreactor for water purification and operation method therefor
CN101248766A (en) Shrimp-fish-shellfish-algae multiple cultivation and water quality biological regulate and control system thereof
CN102742536B (en) A kind of ecological seawater rare fish class factory circulating water culture system
CN201427914Y (en) Seawater factorial aquaculture circulating water treatment device
CN106259137B (en) A kind of method that racetrack high density closes aquaculture system and aquatic
CN104430134B (en) A kind of energy-efficient industrial circulating water high-density cultivation system saved land
CN204047619U (en) A kind of fish and vegetable symbiotic integration system
CN101161061B (en) A system for aquiculture using recirculated water based on decline algae
CN101023741A (en) Pool culturing composite system with water-saving and safety function
CN203538110U (en) Factory-like fresh water pearl culture system
CN103548751B (en) Energy-saving air-lift recirculating aquaculture fish pond system
CN203492593U (en) South America white shrimp indoor factorization cultivation device
CN203319807U (en) Water treatment system for fish and shrimp farming

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model