CN103295407B - Indiscriminate dumping based on a specified route gprs remote monitoring to prevent - Google Patents

Indiscriminate dumping based on a specified route gprs remote monitoring to prevent Download PDF

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CN103295407B
CN103295407B CN201210051991.7A CN201210051991A CN103295407B CN 103295407 B CN103295407 B CN 103295407B CN 201210051991 A CN201210051991 A CN 201210051991A CN 103295407 B CN103295407 B CN 103295407B
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gprs
dump truck
information
state
relay
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CN201210051991.7A
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CN103295407A (en
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曹伟龙
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上海宏曲电子科技有限公司
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Abstract

基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,涉及一种自卸车辆的控制装置。 Prevent indiscriminate dumping monitoring method, to a vehicle control device for a given route remote dump GPRS. GPRS锁紧器设置在自卸车上,常态的时候,GPRS锁紧器处于锁闭的状态,在进入倾倒场地之前,自卸车的举升装置不能举升,这样就杜绝了乱倾倒的可能。 When GPRS lock disposed on the dump truck, the normal, GPRS locking device in the locked state, before entering the dumping site, dump truck can lift the lifting device, thus eliminate the possibility of indiscriminate dumping. GPRS显示解锁器设置在调度室,在自卸车进入倾倒场地的时候,路径显示装置将该自卸车的行驶路径显示出来,经管理人员认可以后通过GPRS网络,向在倾倒场地的GPRS锁紧器发送约定的GPRS解锁信息。 GPRS is provided to unlock the display control room, when the dump truck into the dumping site, the path display means displays the travel path out of the dump truck, the management later recognized through the GPRS network, transmits to the pouring site GPRS locking device GPRS agreed to unlock the information. 将继电器的状态改变成为连通的状态,在继电器成为连通状态的时候,自卸车的举升装置的电路也改变成为规定的时间的连通状态,这时候该自卸车的驾驶员可以使用举升装置倾倒自卸车的装载物。 The state of the relay is changed into a state of communicating in a communicating state when the relay circuit dump truck lifting device also changes the communication state to a predetermined time, when the dump truck which can lift device driver dumped the dump truck load.

Description

基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法 Indiscriminate dumping of GPRS-based remote monitoring to prevent the designated route

技术领域 FIELD

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[0001]本发明涉及一种车辆控制装置,特别是涉及一种自卸车辆的控制装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a vehicle control apparatus, particularly relates to a vehicle control apparatus for a dump.

背景技术 Background technique

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[0002]当前我国处于大规模城市化建设的时期,无论是道路的的建设,还是房屋的建设,不可避免地在城市建设过程中会产生大量的建筑垃圾装载物,这些建筑垃圾装载物需要依靠自卸土方车运输到指定的地点进行倾倒,因为自卸土方车带来的扰民的噪音和装载物洒落的环境污染,以及对道路的损害,每个城市对运输建筑垃圾装载物的自卸车的行程路线和倾倒地点都有具体的要求。 [0002] At present, China is in a period of large-scale urbanization, whether it is road construction, or construction of housing, will inevitably produce large amounts of construction waste load in the process of urban construction, these buildings need to rely on garbage load dump earthmoving vehicles were transported to the designated dumping site, because bringing dump earthmoving vehicle nuisance noise and environmental pollution load spilled, and damage to roads, each city dump truck to transport loads of construction waste travel routes and dumping sites have specific requirements. 而自卸土方车的驾驶员因为自身的利益关系,往往故意忽视和不遵守规定的时间、规定的路线、规定的地点的约束,就近将装载物偷偷倾倒在空旷的无人看管的场所。 The earthwork car driver dump constraints because of their interest, often deliberately ignored and non-compliance time specified route, predetermined location, near the load secretly dumped in the open unattended locations. 乱倾倒的装载物造成道路的堵塞、环境的污染、人身的伤害,装载物乱倾倒的问题已经成为所有城市建设中的一个令人头疼顽疾。 Blockage caused by indiscriminate dumping loads of roads, environmental pollution, personal injury, indiscriminate dumping of loads has become a headache for all the ills of urban construction.

[0003]为了整治乱倒装载物现象,相关的各个部门和机构加大了管理的方法和惩罚的力度。 [0003] In order to load regulation Dumping phenomenon, related departments and institutions to increase the intensity of punishment methods and management. 比如派人在相关的路段蹲点守候,安装摄像系统,安装卫星跟踪系统。 For example, sent months of waiting in the relevant sections, install the camera system, installation of satellite tracking system. 建立装载物车的车队、车牌号、驾驶员等的信息档案;对车辆行进过程中的行进路线、停靠情况及停靠时间等信息,通过GPS卫星定位系统、摄像机等手段进行同步监控。 Information files are created loads of fleet vehicles, license plate number, driver, etc.; the route of travel of the vehicle in the process, stop the situation and stop time information, synchronized by GPS satellite positioning monitoring systems, cameras and other means. 相关信息也通过监控终端及时传送回来,有关部门通过信息共享,依靠现有的技术严防装载物车违规,并及时取证处理乱倒装载物等违法行为。 Related information is also sent back in time through the monitoring terminal, the information shared by the authorities, relying on the prior art to prevent illegal vehicle load, and timely treatment evidence Dumping load and other illegal activities.

[0004]但是,上述的手段和方法存在四个方面的不足。 [0004] However, there is a shortage in four areas above means and methods.

[0005] I,要防止乱倾倒必须全局性系统地布网,设备和人员的投资花费巨大,而乱倾倒的现象有阶段性和区域性的特点,集中发生在建设的前期阶段和建设工地周围,如果要花费巨大的资金建设一套需要长期维护的覆盖所有道路的设施,是否值得。 [0005] I, to prevent indiscriminate dumping must be globally systemically distribution network, investment in equipment and personnel costly, and disorderly dumping phenomenon phased and regional characteristics, concentrated in and around the building early stage of construction site If you want to spend huge funds to build a long-term maintenance of facilities covering all roads, whether it is worth.

[0006] 2,所有的设施需要自卸车、道路、通讯、各个管理部门密切和有效的配合,因为涉及到车辆从属关系的不同,人员从属关系的不同,经济承受能力的不同,地理位置的不同,天气情况的不同,倾倒地点环境的不同,倾倒地点管理条件的不同,倾倒地点远近的不同,倾倒的品种不同,不可能各个方面配合得天衣无缝,难免有死角和漏洞。 [0006] 2, all the facilities required dump trucks, roads, communications, close and effective cooperation of the various authorities, because it involves different different different affiliation of vehicles, personnel affiliation, the affordability of different geographic locations , different weather conditions, different environmental dumping sites, dumpsite management of different conditions, different dump sites near and far, the dumping of different varieties, all aspects can not be a perfect match, it is inevitable dead ends and loopholes. 同时,所有的设备和方法有各自的局限性,技术手段不可能面面倶到,必然会有让考虑经济利益的乱倾倒者有可钻的空子。 At the same time, all the devices and methods have their own limitations, can not cover the technical means to Ju, there must be let economic interests of those who have indiscriminate dumping of drill loopholes.

[0007] 3,上述所有的设备和方法是监控的性质,只是完成车辆路线的跟踪并不能实时对行为进行控制,实施监控相当困难,从监控出乱倾倒到制止乱倾倒和抓住乱倾倒者更加困难,因为乱倾倒的地点一般是偏僻空孔无人监测的地段之处,时间一般是在黑夜和凌晨,所以能够抓到的乱倾倒者是相当困难的。 [0007] 3, all of the above devices and methods is to monitor the nature, just finished vehicle route tracking and real-time behavior can not be controlled, monitored the implementation of very difficult to monitor from the chaos dump dumped to stop the arbitrary and indiscriminate dumping of those who catch more difficult because of indiscriminate dumping place generally at a remote location of the hole no monitoring time is generally in the night and early morning, so indiscriminate dumping able to catch is very difficult.

[0008] 4,即使花费很大的精力和物力抓到乱倾倒的自卸车,还要后续投入人力财力进行惩罚处理,因为现有的法律没有直接针对乱倾倒的条款,往往只能草草了之,不能解决问题。 [0008] 4, even if it took a lot of energy and material resources caught in indiscriminate dumping dump truck, but also the follow-up investment in human and financial resources to deal with the punishment, because the existing law does not directly address the terms of chaos dumping, often only a cursory's We can not solve the problem.

[0009]所以我们认为:因为各个城市建设规模的不同,建设阶段的不同,各个城市在不同的时期,对运输建筑垃圾装载物的自卸车的行程路线和倾倒地点是不同的,没有必要花费巨大的投资去建设一个根本不可能有效的系统设施。 [0009] Therefore, we believe: because different scale of construction of various cities, the construction phase, various cities at different times, to transport construction waste dump truck loads of travel routes and dumping sites are different, there is no need to spend huge investment impossible to build an effective system facilities.

[0010]因为产生乱倾倒的原因是多方面的,乱倾倒不能制止的原因也是多方面的,没有一种全能的办法可以解决全部所有的问题,制止乱倾倒要具体的问题具体分析,要针对具体的情况,采用最经济和最有效的对应方法进行解决。 [0010] Since the cause of the chaos dumping are many reasons not to stop the indiscriminate dumping is multifaceted, no single all-powerful way to solve all problems for all, to stop indiscriminate dumping of specific issues to specific analysis, we should address specifically, the use of the most economical and most effective method to solve the correspondence.

[0011]比如:倾倒场地远,有多条路线可以到达倾倒场地,自卸车必须按照指定路线行驶,不允许自卸车进入不能行驶的区域,不允许在外乱倾倒,倾倒场地没有管理人员,倾倒场地有好几个,倾倒的内容经常变动,有统一指挥调度的管理人员。 [0011] For example: the dumping grounds far, a number of routes to reach the dumping site, dump trucks must travel the specified route, do not allow dump trucks can not travel into the area, does not allow indiscriminate dumping out, no dumping site managers, dumpsites there are several, dumping the contents change frequently, there is a unified command and dispatch managers.

[0012]像上述的情况,是一个局部问题,涉及少数的道路和区域,不涉及所有的道路和区域,只要将自卸车的举升装置的启动权掌握在倾倒场地的管理人员的手中,自卸车的驾驶员不能启动自卸车的举升装置,就彻底杜绝了乱倾倒的可能,没有必要建立庞大的监测系统,更没有必要设置长期的监测力量。 [0012] Like the above-mentioned circumstances, is a local issue, involving a small number of roads and areas that do not involve all of the roads and areas, as long as the right to start the dump truck lifting device in the hands of the dumping site managers, self the driver can not start unloading dump truck lifting device, completely eliminate the possibility of indiscriminate dumping, there is no need to build a large monitoring system, but there is no need to set long-term monitoring force.

发明内容 SUMMARY

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[0013]发明的目的:充分利用现有的GPRS通讯技术,以及有调度室统一管理的有利条件,根据具体情况,提供一种基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法。 Objective [0013] invention: full use of existing GPRS communication technology, as well as favorable conditions for unified management control room, depending on the circumstances, to provide a given route based GPRS remote monitoring prevent indiscriminate dumping method.

[0014]发明的原理:自卸车的举升装置在没有得到允许之前,一直使它处于不能启动使用的状态,自卸车的驾驶员不能不经过允许启动举升装置,自卸车的举升装置只有在指定的倾倒场地,在利用GPRS的定位技术查验了行驶路线以后,管理人员用GPRS的通讯技术允许举升装置启动使用。 Principle [0014] invention: the lifting device before the dump truck without permission, it has been used can not be started in a state, after the dump truck can not allow the driver to start the lifting device, the lifting device only the dump truck in the designated dumping site, the inspection of a driving route using GPRS positioning technology in the future, management of communication with GPRS technology allows the use of a lifting device to start.

[0015] GPRS是2G和3G之间的移动通讯技术,它通过利用GSM网络中未使用的TDMA信道,提供中速的数据传递,GPRS网络引入了分组交换和分组传输的概念,GPRS的定位和通讯是新一代的网络通讯技术,在GPRS无线网络内可以实现信息通讯和定位。 [0015] GPRS is 2G and mobile communication technology between 3G, which by using TDMA channels in the GSM network is not used, there is provided a data transfer speed of, GPRS network introduces the concept of packet-switched and packet transmission, GPRS positioning and communication is a new generation of network communication technology, within the GPRS wireless network can achieve information and communication and positioning. 利用GPRS的无线网络技术可以掌握自卸车的行驶路线和目前的位置,利用GPRS的无线网络技术可以实现远程控制电子设备。 Use GPRS wireless network technology can grasp the dump truck driving route and current location, using the GPRS wireless network technology enables remote control of electronic devices.

[0016]解决的方案:基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,包括GPRS锁紧器、GPRS显示解锁器。 [0016] The solution to the problem: the route specified based on GPRS prevent indiscriminate dumping of remote monitoring method, comprising a locking device GPRS, GPRS unlock display device.

[0017] GPRS锁紧器设置在自卸车上,GPRS锁紧器包括收发装置、编解码电路、计算控制电路和继电器。 [0017] GPRS lock disposed on the dump truck, GPRS locking means comprises a transceiver, a codec circuit, a calculation control circuit and relay. 收发装置能够接收约定的GPRS解锁信息和发送行踪信息,编解码电路能够将接收的信息解码,计算控制电路能够判别和执行是否连通继电器。 Transceiver capable of receiving agreement information and transmission GPRS unlocking whereabouts information, the codec information decoding circuit can be received, the control circuit can calculate and determines whether to perform relay communication.

[0018] 常态的时候,GPRS锁紧器处于锁闭的状态,GPRS锁紧器的继电器处于断开的状态,自卸车的举升装置的电路连接在GPRS锁紧器的继电器上,因为继电器是处于断开的状态,所以自卸车的举升装置的电路也是处于断开的状态。 [0018] When normal, GPRS locking device in the locked state, the lock's GPRS relay is turned off, the dump truck lifting device circuit connected to the relay's GPRS lock, since the relay is in the OFF state, the circuit of the dump truck lifting device is in an off state.

[0019]举升装置是指自卸车的自卸装置,自卸装置一般由取力器、电磁阀等构成,举升装置的电路是指启动电磁阀的连接导线,断开举升装置的电路是指将该连接导线成为断开不连接的状态,连通举升装置的电路是指将该连接导线成为连通连接的状态。 [0019] refers to the lifting device of the dump truck dump means, dump means is constituted by the power take general, solenoid valve, circuit means starts lifting device is connected to wire the solenoid valve, the circuit is disconnected lifting device refers to the connecting wires are not connected to the OFF state, the lift device communication circuit means connected to the wire in a state of communication connection.

[0020]因为GPRS锁紧器处于锁闭的状态,继电器处于断开的状态,也就是每辆自卸车在进入倾倒场地之前,自卸车的举升装置的电路是处于断开的状态,在自卸车的举升装置的电路处于断开状态的时候,该自卸车的举升装置是不能举升的,也就是驾驶员在进入倾倒场地之前,是不能自行开启举升装置,因为驾驶员不能启动自卸车的举升装置,自卸车的举升装置不能举升,自卸车是无法在倾倒场地以外的任何地方倾倒装载物的,这样就杜绝了乱倾倒的可能。 [0020] Since the locking GPRS is in locked state, the relay is in the off state, i.e. prior to entering the dump truck per dumping site, the dump truck lifting device circuit is in the OFF state, since the when unloading the lifting device circuit in the OFF state, the dump truck can lift the lifting means is, that is, prior to entering the driver dumping site, is not self-opening lift device, because the driver can not start dump the lifting device, the lifting device can lift a dump truck, a dump truck can not be dumped at any place other than the site of dumping the load, thus eliminate the possibility of indiscriminate dumping.

[0021] GPRS显示解锁器设置在调度室,GPRS显示解锁器包括接收装置、发送装置和路径显示装置。 [0021] GPRS is provided to unlock the display control room, GPRS unlock display includes a receiving means, transmitting means, and path display means.

[0022]接收装置能够通过GPRS网络接收GPRS锁紧器的行踪信息,发送装置能够发送约定的GPRS解锁信息,路径显示装置能够显示所有自卸车的行驶路径。 [0022] receiving device can receive GPRS lock's whereabouts through the GPRS network, transmission means capable of transmitting GPRS agreed unlock information, route display device can display all the travel path of the dump truck.

[0023] 在自卸车进入倾倒场地的时候,路径显示装置将该自卸车的行驶路径显示出来,经管理人员认可以后通过GPRS网络,向在倾倒场地的GPRS锁紧器发送约定的GPRS解锁信息。 [0023] When the dump truck into the dumping site, the path display means displays the travel path of the dump truck out after approval by the manager through the GPRS network, information to unlock the dumping site in the locking GPRS sends the GPRS conventions.

[0024]在自卸车上的GPRS锁紧器的收发装置从GPRS网络接受到该约定的GPRS解锁信息以后,将信息送入编解码电路,编解码电路将信息解码以后送入计算控制电路,计算控制电路将信息解读成为是否发送解锁信息的判断,如果与设定的指令相符,计算控制电路就指令将继电器的状态改变成为连通的状态,在继电器成为连通状态的时候,自卸车的举升装置的电路也改变成为规定的时间的连通状态,这时候该自卸车的驾驶员可以使用举升装置倾倒自卸车的装载物。 [0024] GPRS transceiver device is locked in the dump truck on the convention received from the GPRS network GPRS after unlocking information, the codec information into the circuit, the codec circuit information into the calculation control circuit after decoding, calculates the control circuit determines whether the interpreted information be sent to unlock information, if consistent with the instruction set instructs the calculation control circuit to a state change of state of the relay communication, the relay communicating state when the dump truck lifting device the circuit also changes the communication state to a predetermined time, when the dump truck which can lift the device driver dump dump truck load.

[0025]在倾倒完毕装载物以后,GPRS锁紧器的继电器自动恢复断开的状态,自卸车的驾驶员不能启动自卸车的举升装置,在该自卸车装满装载物再一次来到倾倒场地的时候,管理人员再一次用GPRS显示解锁器连通GPRS锁紧器的继电器,驾驶员可以启动自卸车的举升装置倾倒装载物。 [0025] After the completion of the pouring load, GPRS lock relay is disconnected automatically restore the state of the dump truck driver can not start the lifting device of the dump truck, the full load of the dump truck to dump again when the site, once again shows the relay management unlocking the locking device in communication with a GPRS GPRS, the driver can start the dump truck dump load lifting device.

[0026]本发明是这样实现的:基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,包括GPRS锁紧器、GPRS显示解锁器、GPRS网络。 [0026] The present invention is implemented: the prescribed route GPRS prevent indiscriminate dumping of remote monitoring method, comprising a locking device GPRS, GPRS unlock display device, based on the GPRS network.

[0027] GPRS锁紧器包括收发装置、编解码电路、计算控制电路和继电器;收发装置能够从GPRS网络接收约定的GPRS信息和发送行踪信息,编解码电路能够将信息解码,计算控制电路能够设置、储存和判别信息,能够指令继电器是否连通。 [0027] GPRS locking means comprises a transceiver, a codec circuit, a calculation control circuit and relay; transceiving device capable of receiving agreement information from the GPRS network GPRS and transmits whereabouts information, the codec circuit can decode the information, the calculation control circuit can be provided , and storing determination information, whether the communication can be a relay instruction.

[0028] GPRS显示解锁器包括接收装置、发送装置和路径显示装置;接收装置能够从GPRS网络接收GPRS信息,发送装置能够从GPRS网络发送约定的GPRS信息;路径显示装置能够通过GPRS网络接收信息以后显示自卸车的行驶路径。 [0028] GPRS display an unlock comprising receiving means, transmitting means, and path display means; receiving means can receive GPRS information from the GPRS network, transmission means capable of transmitting GPRS information agreed from the GPRS network; path display means capable of receiving information through the GPRS network after display dump truck driving path.

[0029] 在GPRS锁紧器、GPRS显示解锁器上能够约定、设置、改变储存的信息。 [0029] In GPRS locking device, capable of unlocking the display GPRS convention, setting, changing stored information.

[0030] GPRS锁紧器设置在自卸车上,GPRS显示解锁器设置在调度室内,GPRS锁紧器通过GPRS网络与GPRS显示解锁器连接。 [0030] GPRS is disposed on a dump truck lock, unlock display GPRS is provided the control room, unlocking the locking connector is displayed by the GPRS network and the GPRS GPRS.

[0031] GPRS锁紧器的收发装置与编解码电路连接,编解码电路与计算控制电路连接,计算控制电路与继电器连接,自卸车的举升装置的电路连接在继电器上,在继电器处于断开的状态的时候,自卸车的举升装置的电路处于断开的状态,在继电器处于连通状态的时候,自卸车的举升装置的电路处于连通的状态。 [0031] GPRS transceiver and the lock's circuit connected to the codec, the codec circuit and a calculation control circuit, connected to the calculation control circuit and the relay circuit is connected to the lifting device of the dump truck to the relay, the relay is turned off state when the dump truck lifting device circuit in an off state, when the relay is in the communication state, the circuit lifting device in a state of communication of the dump truck.

[0032] GPRS显示解锁器的接收装置、发送装置与GPRS网络连接,接收装置与路径显示装置连接;管理人员在查验了自卸车的行驶路径以后,用发送装置通过GPRS网络向在倾倒场地的自卸车上的GPRS锁紧器发送约定的GPRS解锁信息,在GPRS锁紧器的收发装置接收到约定的GPRS解锁信息以后,将信息发送给编解码电路,编解码电路将信息解码送入计算控制电路,计算控制电路对信息进行判别,如果与设定的信息相符,计算控制电路就指令继电器成为连通的状态,不相符就保持沉默。 [0032] GPRS device is unlocked receiver's display, and transmitting means connected to the GPRS network, the receiving means is connected with the path display means; managers in the inspection after the dump truck travel path, from a transmitting apparatus to a dumping site by the GPRS network GPRS lock on the unloading agreed GPRS transmission unlocking information received in the transceiver agreed GPRS GPRS after the locking device is unlocked information, sends information to a codec circuit, codec circuit decoding information into the calculation control circuit , the information calculation control circuit determines if the information matches the set, calculating a control circuit instructs a state relay communication, it does not correspond to remain silent.

[0033]其中,常态的时候GPRS锁紧器的继电器处于断开的状态。 [0033] wherein, when the normal GPRS locking relay is in an off state.

[0034]其中,GPRS锁紧器每次连通继电器的时间是设定的,超过设定的时间继电器自动恢复断开的状态。 [0034] wherein, GPRS communication relay locking device each time is set, exceeds the set automatic recovery time relay off state.

[0035]本发明的优点是: [0035] The advantage of the present invention are:

[0036] I,在GPRS系统中用户在数据通信过程并不固定占用无线信道,因此对信道资源能够更合理地应用。 [0036] I, in the GPRS system, the user is not fixed in the radio channel occupancy data communication process, thus the channel resources to be a reasonable application. GPRS通信的特点是:通信范围大,只要在GPRS网络所覆盖的范围内,从任何两点之间都可进行通信;易于安装和设置,开通电路迅速,不需要电缆即可实现为固定与移动设备通信环境建立一个特别连接;管理人员可以管理相当多的自卸车。 GPRS communication features are: a large communication range, as long as the range covered by the GPRS network, for communication between any two points on the can; easy to install and set up, the rapid opening of the circuit, no cables can be realized as a fixed and a mobile establishing a particular device connected to the communication environment; manager can manage a considerable number of the dump truck.

[0037] 2,常态的时候GPRS锁紧器是处于锁闭的状态,继电器是断开的状态,也就是每辆自卸车在进入倾倒场地之前,GPRS锁紧器是处于常态的锁闭的状态,自卸车的举升装置的电路是处于断开的状态,在自卸车的举升装置的电路处于断开状态的时候,该自卸车的举升装置是不能举升的,也就是驾驶员在进入倾倒场地之前,是不能自行开启举升装置,因为驾驶员不能启动自卸车的举升装置,自卸车的举升装置不能举升,无法在倾倒场地以外的任何地方倾倒,这样就杜绝了乱倾倒的可能。 [0037] 2, when the normal GPRS lock is in the locked state, the relay is turned off, i.e. before entering the dump truck per dumping site, GPRS locking is locked in the normal state circuit dump truck lifting device is in the OFF state, the lifting device when the circuit is in the off state of the dump truck, the lifting device is not lifting the dump truck, the driver is before entering the dumping site, you can not open their own lifting device, because the driver can not start lifting device dump truck, dump truck lifting device can lift, not dumped in any place other than the dumping site, which put an end to chaos pour possible.

[0038] 3,自卸车的举升装置的电路在规定的时间内处于连通的状态,在自卸车倾倒装载物完毕以后,GPRS锁紧器自动恢复锁闭的状态,也就是GPRS锁紧器的继电器自动恢复断开的状态,该自卸车的驾驶员不能启动该自卸车的举升装置。 [0038] 3, the circuit of the dump truck lifting device in a state of communication in a predetermined time after the load was dumped in the dump truck is finished, automatically resume locking GPRS locked state, the locking device is a GPRS relay automatic recovery off state, the dump truck driver can not start the lifting device of the dump truck.

[0039]只有在该自卸车装满装载物再一次来到倾倒场地的时候,调度室的管理人员再一次用GPRS显示解锁器使GPRS锁紧器开通,使继电器又处于连通的状态,驾驶员才又可以启动自卸车的举升装置倾倒装载物。 [0039] again only when the dump site to the filled dump truck load, dispatch management display chamber again unlocking the locking device enables opening of GPRS with GPRS, and the relay communication state, the driver the lifting device and can only start tilting the dump truck load.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

: :

[0040]附图1:显示的是自卸车在倾倒场地以外时候的状况示意图。 [0040] Figure 1: shows a schematic view of the dump truck in conditions other than when dumping site.

[0041 ]附图2:是自卸车在倾倒场地以后的状况示意图。 [0041] Figure 2: is a schematic view of the dump truck at the situation after dumping site.

[0042]附图3是:自卸车行驶在倾倒场地内外的平面示意图。 [0042] Figure 3 is: a plan view of the dump truck traveling inside and outside the dumping site.

[0043] 在附图中: [0043] In the drawings:

[0044] 1:自卸车,11: GPRS锁紧器,12:收发装置,13:编解码电路,14:计算控制电路,15:继电器,16:举升装置的电路,17:举升装置,18:锁闭状态的自卸车,19:开通状态的自卸车, [0044] 1: dump truck, 11: GPRS locking device, 12: a transceiver means, 13: codec circuit, 14: calculation control circuit, 15: relay, 16: circuit lift device, 17: lifting means, 18: lock state of the dump truck, 19: dump truck open state,

[0045] 20:GPRS显示解锁器,21:接收装置,22:发送装置,23:路径显示装置, [0045] 20: GPRS unlock display device, 21: reception means 22: sending means 23: The path display means,

[0046] 30:倾倒场地,31:行驶路线,32: GPRS网络 [0046] 30: dumping site, 31: travel route, 32: GPRS network

[0047] 40:调度室,41:管理人员。 [0047] 40: control room, 41: Management.

[0048]为了说明的简洁,文中和图中不对电源的电压和来源进行说明和交待。 [0048] For simplicity of explanation, the text and the power source voltage and not be explained and explanation.

[0049]举升装置是指自卸车的自卸装置,自卸装置一般由取力器、电磁阀等构成,举升装置的电路是指启动电磁阀的连接导线,断开举升装置的电路是指将该连接导线成为断开不连接的状态,连通举升装置的电路是指将该连接导线成为连通连接的状态。 [0049] The lifting means apparatus refers to the dump truck dump, the dump means is constituted by the power take general, solenoid valve, circuit means starts lifting device is connected to wire the solenoid valve, the circuit is disconnected lifting device refers to the connecting wires are not connected to the OFF state, the lift device communication circuit means connected to the wire in a state of communication connection.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

: :

[0050]参照附图1,附图1显示的是自卸车10在倾倒场地30以外时候的状况示意图。 [0050] Referring to Figure 1, Figure 1 shows a schematic view of the dump truck 10 in the pouring condition when outside the space 30.

[0051]图中显示:在行驶路线31上有辆自卸车10在向倾倒场地30行驶,图中有二条行驶路线31,一条用虚线表示,一条用实线表示,虚线是指定应该行驶的路线,实线是不能进入的路线,自卸车10上装有收发装置12,收发装置12能够将行驶路线的行踪发送出去。 [0051] The figure shows: dump truck 10 with a vehicle traveling in the dumping site 30 on the traveling route 31, there are two travel route 31, by a dotted line, a solid line indicates a broken line course to be traveled is specified , the solid line can not enter the route, the dump truck 10 is equipped with a transceiver device 12, transceiver 12 can be sent to the whereabouts of the travel route. 所以,一旦自卸车10进入实线的区域,在调度室40的GPRS显示解锁器20记录下和显示该信息。 Therefore, once the solid lines into the region of the dump truck 10, in the GPRS 40 to the control room display 20 and the display recording device to unlock the information.

[0052]自卸车10上有GPRS锁紧器11,图中对GPRS锁紧器11进行了示意说明。 The [0052] GPRS dumper 10 has a locking device 11, FIG. 11 of the locking GPRS is schematically described.

[0053] GPRS锁紧器11包括收发装置12、编解码电路13、计算控制电路14和继电器15;图中继电器15处于断开的状态。 [0053] GPRS locking means 11 includes a transceiver 12, a codec circuit 13, the calculation control circuit 14 and the relay 15; FIG. 15 is in the open state of the relay. 收发装置12、编解码电路13、计算控制电路14和继电器15依次连接,收发装置12能够接收GPRS显示解锁器20发送的约定的GPRS解锁信息,编解码电路13能够将信息解码,计算控制电路14能够对信息进行判别,如果与预设的信息相符,就指令继电器15成为连通的状态。 Transceiver 12, a codec circuit 13, the calculation control circuit 14 and relay 15 are sequentially connected, the transceiver apparatus 12 can receive GPRS display agreed transmission unlocking device 20 is GPRS unlock information, the codec circuit 13 can decode the information, the calculation control circuit 14 the information can be determined, if the information matches the preset instruction to the relay 15 in a state of communication.

[0054]因为常态的时候GPRS锁紧器11处于锁闭的状态,其继电器15是断开的状态,自卸车10举升装置的电路16是连接在继电器15的上面,所以,图中的自卸车10的继电器15都是处于断开的状态,自卸车10举升装置的电路16也处于断开的状态,处于断开状态的自卸车10的举升装置17是不能举升的。 [0054] Because normal when the locking GPRS 11 in the locked state, which the relay 15 is turned off, the dump truck 10 circuit 16 is connected to the lifting device above the relay 15, so that, from FIG. unloading the lifting device 10 of the relay 15 is in the OFF state, the circuit 16 also dump truck lifting device 10 in an off state, in the OFF state of the dump truck 10 to 17 is not lifting.

[0055]要举升举升装置17,必须将自卸车10的举升装置的电路16改变成为的状态,而可以改变自卸车10的举升装置的电路16为连接状态的GPRS显示解锁器20在调度室40。 [0055] The lifting device 17 to lift, the lifting device 16 of the dump truck circuit 10 must be changed to the state of the circuit can be changed while the lifting device 16 of the dump truck 10 is unlocked GPRS connection status display 20 in the control room 40.

[0056]也就是每辆自卸车10在进入倾倒场地30之前,GPRS锁紧器11是处于常态的锁闭的状态,自卸车10的举升装置的电路16是处于断开的状态,在自卸车10的举升装置的电路16处于断开状态的时候,该自卸车10的举升装置17是不能举升的,也就是在进入倾倒场地30之前,驾驶员是不能自行开启举升装置17的,因为驾驶员不能启动自卸车10的举升装置17,自卸车10的举升装置17不能举升,自卸车10是无法在倾倒场地30以外的任何地方倾倒装载物的,这样就杜绝了乱倾倒的可能。 Before [0056] 10 in the dump truck is entering per dumping site 30, GPRS locking device 11 is in the normal state of the lock, the circuit 16 of the dump truck lifting device 10 is in the OFF state, since the when the lifting device 16 of the unloading circuit 10 is in the OFF state, the dump truck 10, lifting apparatus 17 is not lifted, i.e. before pouring into the space 30, the driver 17 can not be turned on its own lifting device because the driver can not start the lifting device 10 of the dump truck lifting device 17, 17 can not lift the dump truck 10, the dump truck 10 is not in the dump site anywhere other than pour load 30, thus eliminate the indiscriminate dumping possible.

[0057] GPRS显示解锁器20在调度室40 APRS显示解锁器20包括接收装置21、发送装置22和路径显示装置23。 [0057] GPRS unlock display 20 displays the unlock chamber 40 APRS scheduler 20 comprises a receiving means 21, transmitting means 22 and the path display means 23. 接收装置21与GPRS网络32连接,接收装置21将接受的信息发送给路径显示装置23,路径显示装置23将自卸车10的行驶路径31显示出来,如果与设定的路径相符,管理人员41通过GPRS网络32用发送装置22发送约定的GPRS解锁信息。 The receiving apparatus 21 is connected to the GPRS network 32, receiving means 21 transmits the received information to the display device 23 a path, the path display means 23 with the path 10 of the dump truck 31 is displayed, if consistent with the path set by the managers 41 GPRS network 32 by transmitting means for transmitting agreement information 22 is unlocked GPRS.

[0058]参照附图2,附图2是自卸车10在倾倒场地30以后的状况示意图。 [0058] Referring to Figure 2, the dump truck 10 in FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the situation after the pouring space 30.

[0059] 在自卸车10到达指定的倾倒场地30以后,GPRS显示解锁器20的路径显示装置23将自卸车10的行驶路径31显示出来,如果与设定的路径相符,管理人员41通过GPRS网络32用发送装置22发送约定的GPRS解锁信息。 [0059] In the dump truck 10 reaches the designated dumping site after 30, GPRS 20 shows the path to unlock the display device 23 to the travel path 10 of the dump truck 31 is displayed, if consistent with the set path, through the GPRS network managers 41 32 with the transmission means 22 transmits information agreed GPRS unlocked.

[0060]在GPRS锁紧器11的GPRS收发装置12接收到约定的GPRS解锁信息以后,将信息发送给编解码电路13,编解码电路13将信息解码送入计算控制电路14,计算控制电路14对信息进行判别,计算控制电路14就指令继电器15成为连通的状态。 [0060] In GPRS GPRS transceiver 11 locking device 12 after receiving the unlock information agreed GPRS, sending the information to the codec circuit 13, a codec circuit 13 decode the information into the calculation control circuit 14, the calculation control circuit 14 determining the information, the calculation control circuit 14 instructs the communication state relay 15 becomes.

[0061] 所以图中自卸车1010的GPRS锁紧器11是处于开通的状态,继电器15是处于连通的状态,自卸车10的举升装置的电路16是处于连通的状态,各个倾倒点的自卸车10可以在倾倒场地30启动举升装置17倾倒装载物。 [0061] Therefore, FIG 1010 dump truck 11 is in the locking GPRS opened state, the relay 15 is in the communication state, the circuit 16 of the dump truck lifting device 10 is in the communication state, the individual self-pour points unloading the lifting device 10 may start 30 17 poured in the load dumping site.

[0062]因为继电器15是在规定的时间内处于连通的状态,超过规定的时间继电器15会自动恢复断开的状态,在自卸车10倾倒装载物完毕以后,GPRS锁紧器11自动恢复锁闭的状态,这时候该自卸车10的驾驶员不能启动该自卸车10的举升装置。 [0062] Since the relay 15 is in a state of communication in a predetermined time exceeds a predetermined time relay 15 will be turned off automatically restored, after the completion of the load dump dump truck 10, GPRS lock 11 automatically resume locking state, which, when the dump truck driver lifting means 10 of the dump truck 10 can not start.

[0063]只有在该自卸车10装满装载物再一次来到倾倒场地30的时候,再一次由调度室40的管理人员41指令GPRS显示解锁器20发送GPRS解锁信息,使自卸车10的GPRS锁紧器11开通,使继电器15又处于连通的状态,驾驶员才又可以启动自卸车10的举升装置17倾倒装载物。 [0063] Only in the dump truck 10 is filled again to the load 30 when the dumping site, the unlocking device 20 again sends a GPRS unlock information displayed by the control room 41 of command management GPRS, so the GPRS dump truck 10 the locking opening 11, and the relay 15 is in the communication state, and the driver can start only the lifting device 17 of the dump truck 10 load dump.

[0064]参照附图3,附图3是自卸车10行驶在倾倒场地30内外的平面示意图。 [0064] Referring to Figure 3, Figure 3 is a schematic plan view and outside 30 of the dump truck 10 with the pour site.

[0065]图中是一辆要到倾倒场地30去倾倒装载物的自卸车10在倾倒场地30外的时候,因为自卸车10的GPRS锁紧器11处于锁闭的常态,驾驶员是不能举升举升装置17的。 [0065] FIG is a space 30 to be dumped into the dump load when the dump truck 10 is poured outside the field 30 because the GPRS locking device 11 of the dump truck 10 is in the normal locked, the driver can not move l lifting device 17. 图中,在自卸车10上用“X”标注,表示是锁闭状态的自卸车18,该时候的自卸车10是不能在行驶路线31上举升举升装置17的。 Drawing, "X" marked, indicates the dump truck 18 is in the locked state of the dump truck 10, when the dump truck 10 is not lifting the lifting device 17 on the traveling route 31.

[0066]自卸车1只有到达了倾倒场地30以后,如图2所述的:通过GPRS网络32传输图像确认,再由调度室40的管理人员41通过GPRS网络32指令GPRS显示解锁器20使GPRS锁紧器11开通,使继电器15处于连通的状态,驾驶员才可以在倾倒场地30内启动自卸车10的举升装置17倾倒装载物。 After [0066] Only 1 of the dump truck 30 has reached the dumping site, as shown in the 2: transmission through the GPRS network 32 to confirm an image, then the scheduling manager 40 of the chamber 41 to display an unlock instruction unit 32 through the GPRS network GPRS GPRS 20 is so the locking opening 11, the relay 15 is in communication state, the driver can start pouring the lifting device 17 of the dump truck dump load 10 venue 30.

[0067]图中,在倾倒场地30内的自卸车10上用标注,车厢翻起,表示是开通状态的自卸车19,该时候的自卸车10是可以倾倒装载物的。 [0067] FIG., The dump truck 30 in a dumping site is marked with 10, flips carriage, the dump truck 19 is showing the open state, when the dump truck 10 is the dumping of the load.

Claims (3)

1.基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,包括GPRS锁紧器(II)、GPRS显示解锁器(20)、GPRS 网络(32); GPRS锁紧器(11)包括收发装置(12)、编解码电路(13)、计算控制电路(14)和继电器(15);收发装置(12)能够从GPRS网络(32)接收约定的GPRS信息和发送行踪信息,编解码电路(13)能够将信息解码,计算控制电路(14)能够设置、储存和判别信息,能够指令继电器(15)是否连通; GPRS显示解锁器(20)包括接收装置(21)、发送装置(22)和路径显示装置(23);接收装置(21)能够从GPRS网络(32)接收GPRS信息,发送装置(22)能够从GPRS网络(32)发送约定的GPRS信息;路径显示装置(23)能够通过GPRS网络(32)接收信息以后显示自卸车(10)的行驶路径; 在GPRS锁紧器(11)、GPRS显示解锁器(20)上能够约定、设置、改变储存的信息; 其特征是:GPRS锁紧器(11)设置在自卸车(10)上,GPRS显示解锁器(20)设置在调度室(40)内,GPRS 1. Based on the designated route GPRS remote monitoring prevent indiscriminate dumping, comprising a locking device GPRS (II), GPRS unlock display device (20 is), GPRS network (32); (11) including transceiver means (12 is) GPRS arrestor , codec circuit (13), the calculation control circuit (14) and a relay (15); transceiver means (12) capable of receiving agreement from the GPRS network (32) GPRS information and transmission whereabouts information, codec circuit (13) can be decode the information calculation control circuit (14) can be set, stored and discrimination information, can instruct the relay (15) is in communication; the GPRS display unlocking device (20) comprises receiving means (21), transmission means (22) and the path display means ( 23); receiving means (21) capable of receiving from the GPRS network (32) GPRS information, sends a GPRS information can (32) to deliver the contracted from the GPRS network means (22); path display means (23) through the GPRS network (32) display dump truck (10) of the travel path after receiving information; a GPRS locking device (11), GPRS displayed on unlocking (20) capable of being appointed, is provided to change the stored information; wherein: GPRS locking device (11 ) provided on a dump truck (10), GPRS unlock display device (20) is provided in the scheduling chamber (40), GPRS 紧器(11)通过GPRS网络(32)与GPRS显示解锁器(20)连接; GPRS锁紧器(11)的收发装置(12)与编解码电路(13)连接,编解码电路(13)与计算控制电路(14)连接,计算控制电路(14)与继电器(15)连接,自卸车(10)的举升装置的电路(16)连接在继电器(15)上,在继电器(15)处于断开的状态的时候,自卸车(10)的举升装置的电路(16)处于断开的状态,在继电器(15)处于连通状态的时候,自卸车(10)的举升装置的电路(16)处于连通的状态; GPRS显示解锁器(20)的接收装置(21)、发送装置(22)与GPRS网络(32)连接,接收装置(21)与路径显示装置(23)连接;管理人员(41)在查验了自卸车(10)的行驶路径以后,用发送装置(22)通过GPRS网络(32)向在倾倒场地(30)的自卸车(1)上的GPRS锁紧器(11)发送约定的GPRS解锁信息,在GPRS锁紧器(II)的收发装置(I2)接收到约定的GPRS解锁信息以后,将信息发送给编解码电路(13),编解码电路( Tightener (11) to unlock the device (20) is connected through the GPRS network (32) and the display GPRS; GPRS locking device (11) of the transceiver (12) and a codec circuit (13) connected to the codec circuit (13) and calculation control circuit (14) connected to the calculation control circuit (14) and the relay (15) connected to circuit (16) dump truck lifting device (10) is connected to the relay (15), the relay (15) in the off the oN state when the dump truck (10) of the circuit (16) of the lifting device is in the OFF state, the relay (15) in a communicating state when the dump truck (10) of the circuit (16 lifting device ) in a state of communication; (21), transmission means (22) and the GPRS network (32) receiving means GPRS display unlocking device (20) is connected to the receiving means (21) and the path display means (23); management ( 41) in the inspection of the dump truck (10) after a travel route is transmitted to the dumping site (30) on the dump truck (1) of the GPRS locking device (11) by transmission means (22) through the GPRS network (32) after the agreed GPRS unlock information, the received information agreed GPRS GPRS unlocking the locking device (II) transceiver means (I2), to send information to a codec circuit (13), a codec circuit ( 13)将信息解码送入计算控制电路(14),计算控制电路(14)对信息进行判别,如果与设定的信息相符,计算控制电路(14)就指令继电器(15)成为连通的状态,不相符就保持沉默。 13) decoding information into the calculation control circuit (14), the calculation control circuit (14) determines the information, if the information matches the set calculation control circuit (14) instructs the relay (15) in a state of communication, it does not correspond to remain silent.
2.根据权利要求1所述的基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,其特征是:常态的时候GPRS锁紧器(11)的继电器(15)处于断开的状态。 According to claim 1 based on the specified route GPRS remote monitoring prevent indiscriminate dumping method, wherein: when the normal GPRS locking device (11) of the relay (15) is in the open state.
3.根据权利要求1所述的基于GPRS的指定路线远程监控防止乱倾倒方法,其特征是:GPRS锁紧器(11)每次连通继电器(15)的时间是设定的,超过设定的时间继电器(15)自动恢复断开的状态。 According to claim 1 designated routes based on GPRS prevent indiscriminate dumping of remote monitoring method, wherein: GPRS locking device (11) each communication relay (15) is set to a time more than a set the relay (15) automatically restore the disconnected state.
CN201210051991.7A 2012-03-01 2012-03-01 Indiscriminate dumping based on a specified route gprs remote monitoring to prevent CN103295407B (en)

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