CN103288347A - Super-flat high-transparency high-brightness once-firing, spraying and polishing fusion block as well as preparation and application method - Google Patents

Super-flat high-transparency high-brightness once-firing, spraying and polishing fusion block as well as preparation and application method Download PDF

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CN103288347A
CN103288347A CN2013102414651A CN201310241465A CN103288347A CN 103288347 A CN103288347 A CN 103288347A CN 2013102414651 A CN2013102414651 A CN 2013102414651A CN 201310241465 A CN201310241465 A CN 201310241465A CN 103288347 A CN103288347 A CN 103288347A
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frit
firing
penetration
drenches
brightness
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CN2013102414651A
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CN103288347B (en
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宋福贵
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山东炳坤腾泰陶瓷科技有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a super-flat high-transparency high-brightness once-firing, spraying and polishing fusion block as well as a preparation and an application method thereof, and belongs to the technical field of ceramic glaze materials. A high-potassium low-sodium formula is adopted for the method; meanwhile, the proportion of aluminum oxide to zinc oxide in ingredients of the fusion block is regulated so as to generate a high-brightness transparent effect, and meets the decoration under gaze and surface polishing conditions of a ceramic product. Compared with the fusion block used for a traditional spraying and glazing technology, the fusion block and the technology greatly improve the grade of the ceramic products; compared with secondary firing and polishing crystal dry particles, the fusion block not only guarantees the quality of the ceramic products, but also reduces the use quantity of the fusion blocks, and can lower the production cost by 30-50%.

Description

Super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches throws frit and methods for making and using same thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to the ceramic glaze technical field, be specifically related to a kind of super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing and drench throwing frit and methods for making and using same thereof.
Background technology
It mainly is in order to make the ceramic after burning till obtain different surface effects that frit is applied to Ceramic glaze.Occur a kind of floor tile in recent years and thrown brilliant brick, utilize a kind of ceramic tile production process of the transparency formation of frit exactly, specifically be to make low temperature frit (750~900 ℃ of beginning fusing points), the oven dry powder process after thick (about 3mm) be sprinkling upon be decorated specific effect of decorative patterns and burn till after floor tile on, easy fired again, polishing is afterwards made secondary and is burnt the brilliant dry granular brick of throwing.Throw that brilliant brick is smooth, smooth, highlighted, decorative pattern rich texture, stereoscopic sensation be strong, and owing to is that the under glazed decorative pattern is not easy to wear.Because this height of twice firing, develop and can be suitable for the brilliant frit of the throwing of once burning, adopts the direct fired ceramic of firing technique one time, polish again, not only provided cost savings but also can make goods to reach the brilliant effect of secondary burning throwing, very big marketable value is arranged.
Throwing brilliant dry granular is after frit is pulverized by specific installation, to carry out a kind of dry granular that rational gradation composition obtains as required.
Application number is to have put down in writing a kind of once-firing in 201110320534.9 the Chinese invention patent application documents to throw brilliant brick with dry granular and application thereof.This invention dry granular is by at least a composition the in high potassium, high barium, three kinds of dry granulars of high zinc, dry granular initial melting temperature height of the present invention, and the grain composition that high temperature viscosity is little and good both can guarantee that the base substrate exhaust was good, the eliminating bubble that can at high temperature try one's best again; The brilliant brick of the throwing of using the brilliant brick of throwing of the present invention to make with dry granular, once-firing can save high temperature biscuiting process, greatly reduces energy consumption, has reduced pollution effectively, compares with the secondary firing technique to reduce production costs closely 15%, has improved productivity effect greatly.The brilliant brick of the throwing that production obtains, glaze transparency height, bubble is few.
Though throwing the prepared ceramic of brilliant dry granular is that tradition pouring glaze technology can't be compared at class, but because the production process of the brilliant dry granular of throwing is too complicated, required management and equipment cost are all very high, add that its consumption is big, cause the cost of product to make the manufacturer beyond affordability.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is: overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing to drench and throw frit and methods for making and using same thereof.Under the prerequisite that reaches the brilliant dry granular effect of throwing, reduce production costs.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is: super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches throws frit, and described frit based on the relative weight per-cent of oxide compound gross weight meter is:
SiO 2????50~55?%
Al 2O 3????15~20%
K 2O?????3?~?5%
CaO??????9?~?13?%
MgO????0?~?1?%
B 2O 3?????7?~11%
ZnO??????6?~?9?%
Other are 0~1% years old.
Preferably, described frit based on the relative weight per-cent of oxide compound gross weight meter is:
SiO 2?????51?~?52%
Al 2O 3?????17?~?18%
K 2O?????3.5?~4.5%
CaO??????10?~11%
MgO?????0.5~?1?%
B 2O 3??????8?~?9?%
ZnO???????7?~?8?%
Other 0~1 %.
Preferably, have the following ingredients as parent material, described composition based on the gross weight of these compositions is by weight:
Quartzy 15~20 %
Hyperkalemia hyponatremia feldspar 30~43 %
Wingdale 12~17 %
Rhombspar 2~6 %
Zinc oxide 5~8 %
Boric acid 11~20 %
Aluminum oxide 9~13 %.
Super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches the preparation method who throws frit, comprises the step with described parent material heating and melting, and described melt temperature is 1500~1700 ℃.
Preferably, also comprise the step that the raw material with described fusion is incubated under described temperature, soaking time is 2~4 hours.
Preferably, also comprise the step of the parent material behind the described heat tracing being carried out shrend, add Scale inhibitors in the used shrend water.
Super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches the application method of throwing frit, comprises following processing step:
1) wears into the slurry of desired particle size with adding less water, kaolin and dispergator and binding agent in the frit;
2) slurry that makes in the step 1) is imposed on the ceramic body of cosmetic soil, described slurry consumption is 0.3~0.7g/cm 2
3) base substrate that will execute slurry burns till, and polishes then, makes super flat high-penetration high-brightness ceramic.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Make super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing by formula adjustment and technology controlling and process and drench the throwing frit, can adopt " drench glaze-burn till-polish " technology generations to replace existing " execute dry granular-burn till-polish " technology, can save 20~30% frit consumption, compare with throwing brilliant dry granular, production cost can reduce by 30~50%.
Have super flat, high saturating, highlighted visual effect after using the ceramic of this kind frit to burn till, have the texture as the jadeware.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described further.Wherein, used parent material and oxide compound composition thereof see Table 1.
Table 1 parent material and oxide compound thereof are formed
Used parent material control fineness is as follows:
1) quartz, Wingdale and rhombspar, 200 mesh screen residues are less than 5%;
2) hyperkalemia hyponatremia feldspar, 80 mesh screen residues are less than 3%;
3) zinc oxide, boric acid and aluminum oxide pulverize.
Embodiment 1
Super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing among this embodiment drenches the oxide compound composition of throwing frit and sees Table 2.
The oxide weight per-cent of table 2 frit
Among each embodiment, supply 100% surplus and constituted by impurity.
The preparation method of this kind frit mainly divides following three steps:
1) configuration of compound: take by weighing quartzy 17.5Kg in small, broken bits respectively, hyperkalemia hyponatremia feldspar 34.5Kg, Wingdale 14Kg, rhombspar 3.5Kg, zinc oxide 6.5Kg, boric acid 13Kg and aluminum oxide 11Kg, above-mentioned parent material all required 80 mesh sieves, mixed in mixer then;
2) fusion of compound: after calcar is warming up to 1580 ℃, the compound that mixes in the step 1) is added in the calcar, and insulation 2.5 hours under this temperature, make liquation;
3) open the stove plug of calcar bottom, make step 2) in the liquation that makes flow in the water-cooled pond, wherein, the liquid level in fused solution spout and water-cooled pond is apart from being 1~1.5 meter.Wherein, water quenching pool should carry out scale removal at least every month to be handled, and adds Scale inhibitors in the shrend water.
Liquation is namely quenched into granular frit after entering the water-cooled pond.Make super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing after the drying and drench the throwing frit.
The application method of this kind frit is as follows:
Take by weighing dried frit 190g, kaolin 10g, water 80g, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 0.5g, methylcellulose gum 0.3g, add in the ball mill, ball milling is 15 minutes fast, makes slurry, and slurry is crossed 100 mesh sieves, is defined as slurry No. 1.
No. 1 slurry is drenched glaze to the ceramic tile blank that cosmetic soil is arranged of flower out of the press, and the slurry consumption is 0.5g/cm 2(that is, every square centimeter base substrate on sizing material 0.5g).To burn till in the roller kiln of base substrate about 1130 ℃ behind the pouring glaze, polish at polishing machine the cooling back.
The surface quality of ceramic tile that present embodiment is fired sees Table 3, and wherein, surperficial pore is that the distance 1 meter of vertical ceramic tile surface obtains by visual inspection, and glossiness adopts vancometer UG60 test.
The surface quality of the different embodiment gained of table 3 ceramic tile
Embodiment 27
Adopt parent material and condition in the table 4, according to the method preparation of embodiment 1.The oxide weight per-cent of embodiment 2~7 obtained frits sees Table 2.The surface quality of ceramic tile that each embodiment fires sees Table 3, wherein, surperficial pore be distance 1 meter of vertical ceramic tile surface by visual inspection, glossiness adopts vancometer UG60 to test.
The used parent material of the different embodiment of table 4 consumption and processing parameter by weight
Comparative Examples 1
Take by weighing big great 1415# interior wall clear frit 190g, water 80g, Datong District soil 10g, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 0.5g, methylcellulose gum 0.3g.Add in the fire ball grinding machine, ball milling 15 minutes, glaze slip is crossed 100 mesh sieves, is defined as slurry No. 2.
Adopt slurry No. 2, fire ceramic tile according to the method among the embodiment 1, record the ceramic tile surface quality of firing and see Table 4.
Comparative Examples 2
Take by weighing the Kunlun enamel frit makeing 876# interior wall clear frit 190g, water 80g, Datong District soil 10g, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 0.5g, methylcellulose gum 0.3g.Add in the fire ball grinding machine, ball milling 15 minutes, glaze slip is crossed 100 mesh sieves, is defined as slurry No. 3.
Adopt slurry No. 2, fire ceramic tile according to the method among the embodiment 1, record the ceramic tile surface quality of firing and see Table 4.
Comparative Examples 3
Take by weighing the 1710# of our company interior wall clear frit 190g, water 80g, Datong District soil 10g, tripoly phosphate sodium STPP 0.5g, methylcellulose gum 0.3g.Add in the fire ball grinding machine, ball milling 15 minutes, glaze slip is crossed 100 mesh sieves, records the ceramic tile surface quality of firing and sees Table 4.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to be the restriction of the present invention being made other form, and any those skilled in the art may utilize the technology contents of above-mentioned announcement to be changed to the equivalent embodiment of equivalent variations.But every technical solution of the present invention content that do not break away to any simple modification, equivalent variations that above embodiment does, still belongs to the protection domain of technical solution of the present invention according to technical spirit of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches and throws frit, it is characterized in that described frit based on the relative weight per-cent of oxide compound gross weight meter is:
SiO 2????50~55?%
Al 2O 3????15~20%
K 2O?????3?~?5%
CaO??????9?~?13?%
MgO????0?~?1?%
B 2O 3?????7?~11%
ZnO??????6?~?9?%
Other are 0~1% years old.
2. super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 1 drenches and throws frit, it is characterized in that described frit based on the relative weight per-cent of oxide compound gross weight meter is:
SiO 2?????51?~?52%
Al 2O 3?????17?~?18%
K 2O?????3.5?~4.5%
CaO??????10?~11%
MgO?????0.5~?1?%
B 2O 3??????8?~?9?%
ZnO???????7?~?8?%
Other 0~1 %.
3. super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 1 and 2 drenches and throws frit, it is characterized in that, have the following ingredients as parent material, described composition based on the gross weight of these compositions is by weight:
Quartzy 15~20 %
Hyperkalemia hyponatremia feldspar 30~43 %
Wingdale 12~17 %
Rhombspar 2~6 %
Zinc oxide 5~8 %
Boric acid 11~20 %
Aluminum oxide 9~13 %.
4. a super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 3 drenches the preparation method who throws frit, and it is characterized in that: comprise the step with described parent material heating and melting, melt temperature is 1500~1700 ℃.
5. super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 4 drenches the preparation method who throws frit, it is characterized in that: also comprise the step that the raw material with described fusion is incubated under described temperature, soaking time is 2~4 hours.
6. super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 5 drenches the preparation method who throws frit, it is characterized in that: also comprise the step of the parent material behind the described heat tracing being carried out shrend, add Scale inhibitors in the used shrend water.
7. a super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing according to claim 3 drenches the application method of throwing frit, it is characterized in that, comprises following processing step:
1) wears into the slurry of desired particle size with adding less water, kaolin and dispergator and binding agent in the frit;
2) slurry that makes in the step 1) is imposed on the ceramic body of cosmetic soil, described slurry consumption is 0.3~0.7g/cm 2
3) base substrate that will execute slurry burns till, and polishes then, makes super flat high-penetration high-brightness ceramic.
CN201310241465.1A 2013-06-18 2013-06-18 Super flat high-penetration high-brightness once-firing drenches throws frit and methods for making and using same thereof Active CN103288347B (en)

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CN104311155A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Crystal glaze ceramic tile and production method thereof
CN109928779A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-06-25 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of wet process leaching sizing process dry-particle ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104311155A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 Crystal glaze ceramic tile and production method thereof
CN104311155B (en) * 2014-10-11 2019-04-19 杭州诺贝尔陶瓷有限公司 A kind of crystallization vitreous brick and its production method
CN109928779A (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-06-25 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of wet process leaching sizing process dry-particle ceramic tile and preparation method thereof
CN109928779B (en) * 2019-05-17 2019-08-23 蒙娜丽莎集团股份有限公司 A kind of wet process leaching sizing process dry-particle ceramic tile and preparation method thereof

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Address after: Wang Village Zhoucun District 255311 Shandong city of Zibo province Baoshan Industrial Park Shandong Bingkun tengtai ceramic Polytron Technologies Inc

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