CN103283555A - High-yield viticulture method - Google Patents

High-yield viticulture method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103283555A
CN103283555A CN2013101732708A CN201310173270A CN103283555A CN 103283555 A CN103283555 A CN 103283555A CN 2013101732708 A CN2013101732708 A CN 2013101732708A CN 201310173270 A CN201310173270 A CN 201310173270A CN 103283555 A CN103283555 A CN 103283555A
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grape
fertilizer
days
planting
field planting
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CN2013101732708A
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胡玲玲
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胡玲玲
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Priority to CN2013101732708A priority Critical patent/CN103283555A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-yield viticulture method. The high-yield viticulture method includes plowing a plurality of planting furrows in to-be-planted cultivated land, wherein planting areas are arranged among the planting furrows; applying fertilizer in the planting regions to form nutrient soil mixed layers; planting grape seedlings on the nutrient soil mixed layers; fully watering after planting, overlaying crop stalks and straw around the grape seedlings; firstly applying sprouting fertilizer 10-15 days before blooming, secondly applying fruit strengthening fertilizer at first intumescence stages of young fruits, and thirdly applying 20-30 kilograms of compound fertilizer and potassium sulfate per mu 3-5 days after falling of blossoms; organizing flower spikes and removing auxiliary spikes, and spraying urea and superphosphate onto surfaces of grape leaves for 3-5 days of each week; sleeving paper bags outside the fruit clusters during growth of grapes, wherein air holes are formed in bag bodies. The planting furrows are formed in the to-be-planted cultivated land, so that irrigation water can be arranged reasonably; the crop stalks and the straw are covered around the grape seedlings, so that soil temperature can be maintained and nutrition can be increased; the paper bags are sleeved outside the fruit clusters, so that worms and birds are prevented from eating the grapes and yield is guaranteed.

Description

The high yield grape cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high yield grape cultivation method.Belong to the agricultural planting field.
Background technology
In the grape cultivation and management technology, spacing in the rows is near excessively, and the soil layer arrangement is unreasonable, and fertigation efficient is low, and vintage is not high, and the quality of grape fruit is general, and color and luster is not bright-coloured, and excessive phenomenon of spraying insecticide in the grape growth process, is fallen by insect, birdseed easily.Cause output to descend.Therefore, need provide a kind of new technical scheme to solve the problems referred to above.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of high yield grape cultivation method.
The technical solution used in the present invention:
The high yield grape cultivation method may further comprise the steps:
A, treating that kind of an arable land has many field planting ditches, furrow width 30-40 centimetre, ditch depth 50-60 centimetre is growing area between field planting ditch and the field planting ditch, applies fertilizer in the growing area, forms nutrition soil mixed layer;
Plant grape seedlings on b, the nutrition soil mixed layer, 6-10 centimetre of the ridging degree of depth, spacing in the rows 2-2.5 rice waters sufficient water after the plantation, and around grape seedlings stalks mulching and straw;
C, for the first time rudiment fertilizer was used before blooming in 10-15 days, every mu of application of organic fertilizers 10-20 kilogram, the 2nd fruit-promoting fertilizer is at the young fruit expanding stage first time, use fowl and animal excrement 200-300 kilogram for every mu, being applied in for the 3rd time to thank spends back 3-5 days to use composite fertilizer and potassium sulphate 20-30 kilogram altogether for every mu, regularly water the field planting ditch at ordinary times every 3-5 days season, rainwater season, carry out the field planting ditch water discharge;
D, arrangement flower fringe, the restriction number of flowers removes secondary fringe, the grape blade face is carried out in 3-5 days the sprinkling of urea, superphosphate weekly;
E, in the grape growth process, begin to the fructescence from young fruit period, be with paper bag in fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body.
The mass ratio of described composite fertilizer and sulfuric acid is 1:3.
The volumetric concentration of described urea is 0.2-0.3%, and the volumetric concentration of superphosphate is 0.8%.
Advantage of the present invention is: treat to have on kind of the arable land many field planting ditches, can rationally arrange irrigation water, stalks mulching and straw around the grape seedlings can keep soil temperature, and stalk and straw are layered on ground, have additional nutrients, in the grape growth process, be with paper bag in the fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body, prevent that the worm bird from eating steathily, guarantee output.
Embodiment
Following embodiment only is used for explanation the present invention, but can not limit protection scope of the present invention.
The technical solution used in the present invention:
Embodiment 1
The high yield grape cultivation method may further comprise the steps:
A, treating that kind of an arable land has many field planting ditches, 30 centimetres of furrow widths, 50 centimetres of ditch depths are growing area between field planting ditch and the field planting ditch, apply fertilizer in the growing area, form nutrition soil mixed layer;
Plant grape seedlings on b, the nutrition soil mixed layer, 6 centimetres of the ridging degree of depth, 2 meters of spacing in the rows are watered sufficient water after the plantation, and around grape seedlings stalks mulching and straw;
C, for the first time rudiment fertilizer was used blooming in preceding 10 days, 10 kilograms of every mu of application of organic fertilizers, the 2nd fruit-promoting fertilizer is at the young fruit expanding stage first time, use 200 kilograms of fowl and animal excrements for every mu, be applied in for the 3rd time thank spend back 3 days every mu use totally 20 kilograms of composite fertilizer and potassium sulphates, the mass ratio of composite fertilizer and sulfuric acid is 1:3, at ordinary times pouring field planting regularly in per 3 days of season ditch, rainwater season, carry out the field planting ditch water discharge;
D, arrangement flower fringe, the restriction number of flowers removes secondary fringe, the grape blade face is carried out the sprinkling of urea, superphosphate in 3 days weekly, and the volumetric concentration of urea is 0.2%, and the volumetric concentration of superphosphate is 0.8%;
E, in the grape growth process, begin to the fructescence from young fruit period, be with paper bag in fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body.
Embodiment 2
The high yield grape cultivation method may further comprise the steps:
A, treating that kind of an arable land has many field planting ditches, 35 centimetres of furrow widths, 55 centimetres of ditch depths are growing area between field planting ditch and the field planting ditch, apply fertilizer in the growing area, form nutrition soil mixed layer;
Plant grape seedlings on b, the nutrition soil mixed layer, 8 centimetres of the ridging degree of depth, 2.2 meters of spacing in the rows are watered sufficient water after the plantation, and around grape seedlings stalks mulching and straw;
C, for the first time rudiment fertilizer was used blooming in preceding 12 days, 15 kilograms of every mu of application of organic fertilizers, the 2nd fruit-promoting fertilizer is at the young fruit expanding stage first time, use 250 kilograms of fowl and animal excrements for every mu, be applied in for the 3rd time thank spend back 4 days every mu use totally 25 kilograms of composite fertilizer and potassium sulphates, the mass ratio of composite fertilizer and sulfuric acid is 1:3, at ordinary times pouring field planting regularly in per 4 days of season ditch, rainwater season, carry out the field planting ditch water discharge;
D, arrangement flower fringe, the restriction number of flowers removes secondary fringe, the grape blade face is carried out the sprinkling of urea, superphosphate in 4 days weekly, and the volumetric concentration of urea is 0.25%, and the volumetric concentration of superphosphate is 0.8%;
E, in the grape growth process, begin to the fructescence from young fruit period, be with paper bag in fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body.
Embodiment 3
The high yield grape cultivation method may further comprise the steps:
A, treating that kind of an arable land has many field planting ditches, 40 centimetres of furrow widths, 60 centimetres of ditch depths are growing area between field planting ditch and the field planting ditch, apply fertilizer in the growing area, form nutrition soil mixed layer;
Plant grape seedlings on b, the nutrition soil mixed layer, 10 centimetres of the ridging degree of depth, 2.5 meters of spacing in the rows are watered sufficient water after the plantation, and around grape seedlings stalks mulching and straw;
C, for the first time rudiment fertilizer was used blooming in preceding 15 days, 20 kilograms of every mu of application of organic fertilizers, the 2nd fruit-promoting fertilizer is at the young fruit expanding stage first time, use 300 kilograms of fowl and animal excrements for every mu, be applied in for the 3rd time thank spend back 5 days every mu use totally 30 kilograms of composite fertilizer and potassium sulphates, the mass ratio of composite fertilizer and sulfuric acid is 1:3, at ordinary times pouring field planting regularly in per 5 days of season ditch, rainwater season, carry out the field planting ditch water discharge;
D, arrangement flower fringe, the restriction number of flowers removes secondary fringe, the grape blade face is carried out the sprinkling of urea, superphosphate in 5 days weekly, and the volumetric concentration of urea is 0.3%, and the volumetric concentration of superphosphate is 0.8%;
E, in the grape growth process, begin to the fructescence from young fruit period, be with paper bag in fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body.
Treat to have on kind of the arable land many field planting ditches, can rationally arrange irrigation water, stalks mulching and straw around the grape seedlings can keep soil temperature, and stalk and straw are layered on ground, have additional nutrients, in the grape growth process, be with paper bag in the fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body, prevent that the worm bird from eating steathily, guarantee output.

Claims (3)

1. the high yield grape cultivation method is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
A, treating that kind of an arable land has many field planting ditches, furrow width 30-40 centimetre, ditch depth 50-60 centimetre is growing area between field planting ditch and the field planting ditch, applies fertilizer in the growing area, forms nutrition soil mixed layer;
Plant grape seedlings on b, the nutrition soil mixed layer, 6-10 centimetre of the ridging degree of depth, spacing in the rows 2-2.5 rice waters sufficient water after the plantation, and around grape seedlings stalks mulching and straw;
C, for the first time rudiment fertilizer was used before blooming in 10-15 days, every mu of application of organic fertilizers 10-20 kilogram, the 2nd fruit-promoting fertilizer is at the young fruit expanding stage first time, use fowl and animal excrement 200-300 kilogram for every mu, being applied in for the 3rd time to thank spends back 3-5 days to use composite fertilizer and potassium sulphate 20-30 kilogram altogether for every mu, regularly water the field planting ditch at ordinary times every 3-5 days season, rainwater season, carry out the field planting ditch water discharge;
D, arrangement flower fringe, the restriction number of flowers removes secondary fringe, the grape blade face is carried out in 3-5 days the sprinkling of urea, superphosphate weekly;
E, in the grape growth process, begin to the fructescence from young fruit period, be with paper bag in fruit ear outside, bag leaves air-vent on one's body.
2. high yield grape cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the mass ratio of described composite fertilizer and sulfuric acid is 1:3.
3. high yield grape cultivation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the volumetric concentration of described urea is 0.2-0.3%, the volumetric concentration of superphosphate is 0.8%.
CN2013101732708A 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 High-yield viticulture method Pending CN103283555A (en)

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Cited By (14)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145776A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-11-19 李狗胜 Grape planting method
CN104396681A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 李文广 Planting method for grapes in eastern part of Anhui
CN104429791A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 成都红柿子科技有限公司 Grape planting method
CN104855104A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-26 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 Environment-friendly no-tillage flower cultivation method
CN105123392A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-09 安徽九禾农业发展有限公司 Dry land high survival rate grape plantation method
CN105145270A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-16 安徽九禾农业发展有限公司 Summer black grape pot culturing technical method
CN105875346A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 合肥原印农业科技有限公司 Method for comprehensive control management of diseases and insect damages to grapevines
CN106258780A (en) * 2015-05-18 2017-01-04 唐秀克 High-yield viticulture method
CN106305308A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-11 宣威市霖森农业科技开发有限公司 Planting method of greenhouse organic grapes
CN106613719A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-10 阜阳金满地生态农业科技股份有限公司 High-yield grape planting method
CN106962126A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 宾川县华侨庄园农业科技开发有限公司 Plateau rose honey and grape plantation bar formula control method for root
CN106962125A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-07-21 海门市晶利农产品有限公司 Precocious red grape culturing method
CN107027587A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-11 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 High-yield viticulture method
CN107114201A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-01 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 Red grape culturing method

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145776A (en) * 2014-04-22 2014-11-19 李狗胜 Grape planting method
CN104396681A (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 李文广 Planting method for grapes in eastern part of Anhui
CN104429791A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-03-25 成都红柿子科技有限公司 Grape planting method
CN106258780A (en) * 2015-05-18 2017-01-04 唐秀克 High-yield viticulture method
CN104855104B (en) * 2015-05-22 2017-08-25 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 It is applicable to the environmentally friendly no-tillage cultivation method of flowers
CN104855104A (en) * 2015-05-22 2015-08-26 湖南省核农学与航天育种研究所 Environment-friendly no-tillage flower cultivation method
CN105123392A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-09 安徽九禾农业发展有限公司 Dry land high survival rate grape plantation method
CN105145270A (en) * 2015-08-03 2015-12-16 安徽九禾农业发展有限公司 Summer black grape pot culturing technical method
CN105875346A (en) * 2016-06-14 2016-08-24 合肥原印农业科技有限公司 Method for comprehensive control management of diseases and insect damages to grapevines
CN106305308A (en) * 2016-07-26 2017-01-11 宣威市霖森农业科技开发有限公司 Planting method of greenhouse organic grapes
CN106613719A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-10 阜阳金满地生态农业科技股份有限公司 High-yield grape planting method
CN106962125A (en) * 2017-03-09 2017-07-21 海门市晶利农产品有限公司 Precocious red grape culturing method
CN107114201A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-01 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 Red grape culturing method
CN107027587A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-11 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 High-yield viticulture method
CN106962126A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-21 宾川县华侨庄园农业科技开发有限公司 Plateau rose honey and grape plantation bar formula control method for root

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Application publication date: 20130911