CN103283485B - Cultivating method for lucid ganoderma - Google Patents

Cultivating method for lucid ganoderma Download PDF

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CN103283485B
CN103283485B CN201310218977.6A CN201310218977A CN103283485B CN 103283485 B CN103283485 B CN 103283485B CN 201310218977 A CN201310218977 A CN 201310218977A CN 103283485 B CN103283485 B CN 103283485B
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broad
glossy ganoderma
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cultivation
ganoderma
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CN103283485A (en
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刘阳
佟曦然
程希武
李昭成
万凌
叶祖新
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ANHUI HENGJITANG GANODERMA LUCIDUM INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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ANHUI HENGJITANG GANODERMA LUCIDUM INDUSTRY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention belongs to cultivation of plants for health-protective medicine, and particularly relates to a cultivating method for lucid ganoderma. The cultivating method for the lucid ganoderma includes selecting strains, preparing planting materials of the lucid ganoderma, cultivating mycelium and planting the lucid ganoderma. Matrixes are extracted from wild lucid ganoderma and then are domesticated into lucid ganoderma strains capable of being planted in a large scale, and the lucid ganoderma, called as 'Huoshan lucid ganoderma', can be obtained through cultivation of the lucid ganoderma strains. Through cultivation based on local special environment and soil resources, the Huoshan lucid ganoderma has better output and yields.

Description

The cultivation method of a kind of glossy ganoderma
Technical field
The invention belongs to the cultivation of health care medicinal articles for use plant, relate to the cultural method of a kind of glossy ganoderma in particular.
Technical background
Glossy ganoderma is also known as polyporus lucidus, god sesame, sesame grass, celestial grass, auspicious grass, it is the complete stool of the red sesame of Polyporaceae plant or purple sesame, glossy ganoderma originates in east Asia, distribution in China the widest in Jiangxi, glossy ganoderma is as the Chinese tradition valuable ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine having thousands of years medicinal histories, possesses very high medical value, modern pharmacology research through scientific research institution's many decades confirms, glossy ganoderma is for enhancing body immunity, regulate blood sugar, control blood pressure, adjuvant therapy chemicotherapy, liver protecting, promote that the aspects such as sleep all have significant curative effect, along with the pursuit of modern people to quality of the life is more and more higher, also increasing to the demand of the health care medicinal articles for use of glossy ganoderma class, traditional lucidum variety and the implantation methods of glossy ganoderma can not meet the demand of existing consumption, be badly in need of the glossy ganoderma of cultivation new varieties and new breeding method.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide the cultivation method of a kind of new varieties glossy ganoderma.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the cultivation method of a kind of glossy ganoderma, described method comprise that bacterial classification is selected, the getting the raw materials ready of lucidum seed phytyl, cultural hypha, cultivation of glossy ganoderma,
(1) bacterial classification is selected:
Choose Wild ganoderma as provenance, extract the parent in Wild ganoderma, through the training to parent, cultivation, by the lucidum strain of the former parent acclimatization culture Cheng Xin of Wild ganoderma;
(2) the getting the raw materials ready of lucidum seed phytyl:
Select materials and get the raw materials ready, choose and fell broad-leaved weedtree, the section cut off, dries for subsequent use;
Pack, by the broad-leaved weedtree section pack of drying, the broad-leaved weedtree section of every bag of about 500 grams weight;
Sterilizing, is placed in 100 DEG C of steam high-temperature sterilizations 20 hours by the broad-leaved weedtree section after above-mentioned pack, for subsequent use;
(3) cultural hypha:
Inoculation, is placed in the lucidum strain of constant temperature, the upper step (1) of gnotobasis inoculation by the broad-leaved weedtree section after sterilizing in above-mentioned steps (2);
Cultural hypha, is placed in constant temperature, gnotobasis leaves standstill 90 days together with bacterial classification by above-mentioned postvaccinal broad-leaved weedtree section;
(4) glossy ganoderma is cultivated:
Cultivation, manually builds booth, whole furrow, is placed in inside the field after whole furrow by the broad-leaved weedtree section through cultural hypha in step (3) together with mycelia;
Go out sesame management, in the process of growth of glossy ganoderma, need regular to spray water to it, breathe freely, prune and the process of bagging;
Glossy ganoderma is gathered in the crops, and is manually plucked by the glossy ganoderma after maturation, carries out following process.
Preferably, the broad-leaved weedtree described in described step (2) cuts into the section of 12-14 centimetre length, every packed broad-leaved weedtree section about 500 grams weight.
Preferably, in described step (3) cultural hypha, the isoperibol temperature of inoculation and cultural hypha is 25 DEG C.
Preferably, described step (4) glossy ganoderma cultivate in cultivation, the broad-leaved weedtree section about 9000 rods is cultivated in the soil of every mu of area.
The beneficial effect of employing technique scheme is: adopt this method and step cultivating ganoderma, that selects is adapted at growing in the special moistening environment of Western Anhui by the glossy ganoderma new varieties of Wild ganoderma mother kind domestication, mycelia is in white, cap is bronzing, bacteria cover diameter can reach 10-13 centimetre size, the thickness of bacterial context can reach about 2 centimeters, the length of stem can reach 10-16 centimetre, the rugosity diameter of stem can reach 1-2 centimetre, and stem is hard, the temperature tolerance of mycelia can expand to 10-39 DEG C, but growth adapt circumstance temperature 15-32 DEG C, the output of fresh mushroom and conidial powder also improves greatly, there is good medicinal health value and ornamental value
Embodiment
Below technical scheme of the present invention is described, so that those skilled in the art understand.
A cultivation method for glossy ganoderma, described method comprises that bacterial classification is selected, the getting the raw materials ready of lucidum seed phytyl, cultural hypha, cultivation of glossy ganoderma,
(1) bacterial classification is selected:
Choose Wild ganoderma as provenance, extract the parent in Wild ganoderma, through the training to parent, cultivation, by the lucidum strain of the former parent acclimatization culture Cheng Xin of Wild ganoderma;
(2) the getting the raw materials ready of lucidum seed phytyl:
Select materials and get the raw materials ready, choose and fell broad-leaved weedtree, the section cut off, dries for subsequent use;
Pack, by the broad-leaved weedtree section pack of drying, the broad-leaved weedtree section of every bag of about 500 grams weight;
Sterilizing, is placed in 100 DEG C of steam high-temperature sterilizations 20 hours by the broad-leaved weedtree section after above-mentioned pack, for subsequent use;
(3) cultural hypha:
Inoculation, is placed in the lucidum strain of constant temperature, the upper step (1) of gnotobasis inoculation by the broad-leaved weedtree section after sterilizing in above-mentioned steps (2);
Cultural hypha, is placed in constant temperature, gnotobasis leaves standstill 90 days together with bacterial classification by above-mentioned postvaccinal broad-leaved weedtree section;
(4) glossy ganoderma is cultivated:
Cultivation, manually builds booth, whole furrow, is placed in inside the field after whole furrow by the broad-leaved weedtree section through cultural hypha in step (3) together with mycelia;
Go out sesame management, in the process of growth of glossy ganoderma, need regular to spray water to it, breathe freely, prune and the process of bagging;
Glossy ganoderma is gathered in the crops, and is manually plucked by the glossy ganoderma after maturation, carries out following process.
Broad-leaved weedtree described in described step (2) cuts into the section of 12-14 centimetre length, every packed broad-leaved weedtree section about 500 grams weight, in described step (3) cultural hypha, the isoperibol temperature of inoculation and cultural hypha is 25 DEG C, described step (4) glossy ganoderma cultivate in cultivation, the broad-leaved weedtree section about 9000 rods is cultivated in the soil of every mu of area.
The beneficial effect of employing technique scheme is: adopt this method and step cultivating ganoderma, that selects is adapted at growing in the special moistening environment of North-Anhui district by the glossy ganoderma new varieties of Wild ganoderma mother kind domestication, mycelia is in white, cap is bronzing, bacteria cover diameter can reach 10-13 centimetre size, the thickness of bacterial context can reach about 2 centimeters, the length of stem can reach 10-16 centimetre, the rugosity diameter of stem can reach 1-2 centimetre, and stem is hard, the temperature tolerance of mycelia can expand to 10-39 DEG C, but growth adapt circumstance temperature 15-32 DEG C, the output of fresh mushroom and conidial powder also improves greatly, there is good medicinal health value and ornamental value
Above-mentioned invention to be exemplarily described; obvious specific implementation of the present invention is not subject to the restrictions described above; as long as have employed this insubstantial that method of the present invention is conceived and technical scheme is carried out to improve; or the design of invention and technical scheme directly applied to other occasions, all within protection scope of the present invention without to improve.

Claims (4)

1. a cultivation method for glossy ganoderma, is characterized in that: described method comprises the cultural hypha cultivation of glossy ganoderma of getting the raw materials ready that bacterial classification selects lucidum seed phytyl,
(1) bacterial classification is selected:
Choose Wild ganoderma as provenance, extract the parent in Wild ganoderma, through the acclimatization culture to parent, by the lucidum strain of the former parent acclimatization culture Cheng Xin of Wild ganoderma;
(2) the getting the raw materials ready of lucidum seed phytyl:
Select materials and get the raw materials ready, choose and fell broad-leaved weedtree, the section cut off, dries for subsequent use;
Pack, by the broad-leaved weedtree section pack of drying, the broad-leaved weedtree section of every bag of about 500 grams weight;
Sterilizing, is placed in 100 DEG C of steam high-temperature sterilizations 20 hours by the broad-leaved weedtree section after above-mentioned pack, for subsequent use;
(3) cultural hypha:
Inoculation, is placed in the lucidum strain of the upper step (1) of constant temperature gnotobasis inoculation by the broad-leaved weedtree section after sterilizing in above-mentioned steps (2);
Cultural hypha, is placed in constant temperature gnotobasis and leaves standstill 90 days together with bacterial classification by above-mentioned postvaccinal broad-leaved weedtree section;
(4) glossy ganoderma is cultivated:
Cultivation, manually builds booth, whole furrow, is placed in inside the field after whole furrow by the broad-leaved weedtree section through cultural hypha in step (3) together with mycelia;
Go out sesame management, in the process of growth of glossy ganoderma, need the process of regular it is sprayed water ventilative pruning and bagging;
Glossy ganoderma is gathered in the crops, and is manually plucked by the glossy ganoderma after maturation, carries out following process.
2. the cultivation method of a kind of glossy ganoderma according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the broad-leaved weedtree described in described step (2) cuts into the section of 12-14 centimetre length, every packed broad-leaved weedtree section about 500 grams weight.
3. the cultivation method of a kind of glossy ganoderma according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described step (3) cultural hypha, and the isoperibol temperature of inoculation and cultural hypha is 25 DEG C.
4. the cultivation method of a kind of glossy ganoderma according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described step (4) glossy ganoderma cultivate in cultivation, the broad-leaved weedtree section about 9000 rods is cultivated in the soil of every mu of area.
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Families Citing this family (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103444440A (en) * 2013-09-13 2013-12-18 广州市南沙区宏洋食用菌种植农民专业合作社 Lucid ganoderma production method
CN103609328B (en) * 2013-10-29 2015-11-18 施秉县兴昌菌种厂 The implantation methods of a kind of glossy ganoderma
CN103688747A (en) * 2013-12-11 2014-04-02 吉林农业大学 Cultivation method for giant lucid ganoderma
CN104082033B (en) * 2014-06-10 2017-01-18 原一(厦门)食用菌科技有限公司 Ganoderma lucidum planting method
CN104041330B (en) * 2014-07-09 2015-12-02 通化吉通实业有限公司 Ganoderma tsugae imitates wild juggle cultivation method
CN104221714A (en) * 2014-09-10 2014-12-24 安徽衡济堂灵芝产业开发有限公司 Method for simulating wilds to cultivate lucid ganoderma under forest
CN105265170A (en) * 2015-09-25 2016-01-27 霍山县权秀生态农业专业合作社 Indoor plastic house Ganoderma lucidum cultivation technique
CN105706732A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-29 泰安市农业科学研究院 Method for cultivating ganoderma applanatum
CN105706733A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-29 泰安市农业科学研究院 Trametes robiniophila murr substitute cultivation method
CN111788988B (en) * 2020-05-19 2021-12-14 石狮昌隆农业种植有限公司 Method and device for efficiently and artificially cultivating lucid ganoderma

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CN102812853A (en) * 2012-08-27 2012-12-12 吴晓明 Wild imitating culture collection method for lucid ganoderma and lucid ganoderma conidial powder
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