CN103274872A - Bio-organic fertilizer with shrimp shell powder as main material, and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Bio-organic fertilizer with shrimp shell powder as main material, and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103274872A
CN103274872A CN2013101460991A CN201310146099A CN103274872A CN 103274872 A CN103274872 A CN 103274872A CN 2013101460991 A CN2013101460991 A CN 2013101460991A CN 201310146099 A CN201310146099 A CN 201310146099A CN 103274872 A CN103274872 A CN 103274872A
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fermentation
organic fertilizer
shrimp shell
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CN103274872B (en
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陆玉
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陆玉
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses a bio-organic fertilizer with shrimp shell powder as a main material. The bio-organic fertilizer is composed of, by weight, 57-60 parts of the shrimp shell powder, 10-12 parts of urea, 8-10 parts of jatropha leaf powder, 1-2 parts of distillers' grains, 20-23 parts of slaughter scraps, 6-8 parts of rape seed cakes, 2-3 parts of esliptae herba, 2-3 parts of sesbania, 4-5 parts of stevia rebaudiana, 1-2 parts of corundum powder, 3-4 parts of ditch mud, 6-7 parts of pepper stalk powder, 55-60 parts of swill, 9-13 parts of brown sugar and 72-80 parts of faeces of human and animals. The bio-organic fertilizer produced by the method has high organic matter content, and can improve soil quality and soil structure, thereby keeping ecological balance. Besides, the bio-organic fertilizer is comprehensive in nutrition and contains macroelements and microelements required by crops and a large amount of active substances produced during a microbial fermentation process.

Description

A kind of is the biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal
Technical field
It is the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal that the present invention relates generally to a kind of, belongs to fertilizer field.
Background technology
A large amount of, life-time service chemical fertilizer in China's agricultural planting, cause the soil organism to lack, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium proportional imbalance, agricultural pest is in serious state, excessively use chemical fertilizer not only to cause the mass consumption of the energy, and cause agriculture water source and edatope to pollute, what have also can cause soil compaction, crop production reduction, destroy ecotope, also can cause body eutrophication, influence human and livestock health etc.;
Therefore mass production, the biological organic fertilizer that uses agricultural-food process for processing waste material to produce, the nutrition composition that farm crop are absorbed from soil returns the soil, to improving the soil, repair little ecology, recover fertility, for producing green agricultural product and organic farm products energetically, promote that modern agricultural development is significant.
Summary of the invention
It is the biological organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal that the object of the invention just provides a kind of.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
A kind of is the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, and it is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Shrimp shell meal 57-60, urea 10-12, leprosy leaf powder 8-10, vinasse 1-2, butcher tankage 20-23, rapeseed cake 6-8, Herba Ecliptae 2-3, sesbania 2-3, sweet Stevia 4-5, lapis amiridis 1-2, ditch mud 3-4, capsicum straw powder 6-7, swill 55-60, brown sugar 9-13, people's animal excrement 72-80.
A kind of is the preparation method of the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, may further comprise the steps:
(1) granulation: above-mentioned capsicum straw powder is added 6-8 times of water, be heated to 80-90 ℃, stir into pasty state, add shrimp shell meal, urea, the leprosy leaf powder of above-mentioned grinding again, dispersed with stirring 20-30 minute, the oven dry granulation, particle diameter is 1-2mm, is material a;
(2) novel brown sugar preparation of fermentation liquid: above-mentioned brown sugar is dissolved in the 1.8-2 times of clear water, add the starter of brown sugar weight 10-15%, the wintergreen oil of 0.1-0.3%, the alum of 1-2%, stir fermentation 15-20 days down at 30-40 ℃, after the fermentation ends, the Sodium Selenite that adds 1-2%, stir, get fermented liquid, be material b;
(3) EM fermentation: with above-mentioned vinasse, butcher tankage, rapeseed cake mixes, and adds the EM liquid of its weight 0.5-0.8%, adds water, makes that water-content is 60-65%, normal temperature fermentation 3-5 hour, must expect c;
(4) stack fermentation: above-mentioned material a, material c are mixed with each raw material of residue, the humic acids that adds compound 2-4%, the herbal medicine of 0.1-0.2% stirs, and normal temperature is stacked fermentation 10-12 hour, turning, add above-mentioned material b, stir, continue to stack fermentation 2-4 hour, oven dry namely gets described biological organic fertilizer;
The weight part of each raw material is in the described herbal medicine:
Herba Houttuyniae 14-20, root of langdu 6-8, Fructus Cnidii 6-7, Turkey-galls 1-3.
Advantage of the present invention is:
The biological organic fertilizer organic content height that the present invention produces can improve soil quality, improves Soil structure, thereby keeps ecological balance; Comprehensive nutrition contains a large amount of active substances that produce in the required macroelement of crop and trace element and the fermentation process;
The fertilizer of EM fermentation can accelerate decomposition of soil organic matter and transform, and makes nutrient content increase in the soil, increases soil microorganisms content, has improved biological activity of soil and buffering ability, improves ecological environment of soil;
Novel brown sugar fermented liquid goes for various farm crop, has the diseases prevention sterilization, suppresses pathogenic micro-organism invasion and attack and development, the effect of enhancing immunity;
Mix and stack fermentation, add kind of a herbal medicine liquid, generate non-harmful biological organic fertilizer, reach alternative chemical fertilizer, improve the soil, the effect of control widespread pollution from the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides in rural area from the source, preserving the ecological environment.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of is the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, and it is made up of the raw material of following weight parts (kilogram):
Shrimp shell meal 60, urea 12, leprosy leaf powder 10, vinasse 2, butcher tankage 23, rapeseed cake 8, Herba Ecliptae 3, sesbania 3, sweet Stevia 5, lapis amiridis 2, ditch mud 4, capsicum straw powder 7, swill 60, brown sugar 13, people's animal excrement 80.
A kind of is the preparation method of the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, may further comprise the steps:
(1) granulation: above-mentioned capsicum straw powder is added 8 times of water, be heated to 90 ℃, stir into pasty state, add shrimp shell meal, urea, the leprosy leaf powder of above-mentioned grinding again, dispersed with stirring 30 minutes, the oven dry granulation, particle diameter is 2mm, is material a;
(2) novel brown sugar preparation of fermentation liquid: above-mentioned brown sugar is dissolved in 1.8 times of clear water, adds the starter of brown sugar weight 15%, 0.3% wintergreen oil, 2% alum, stir fermentation 20 days down at 40 ℃, after the fermentation ends, add the Sodium Selenite of 1-2%, stir, getting fermented liquid, is material b;
(3) EM fermentation: with above-mentioned vinasse, butcher tankage, rapeseed cake mixes, and adds the EM liquid of its weight 0.8%, adds water, makes that water-content is 65%, normal temperature fermentation 5 hours must be expected c;
(4) stack fermentation: above-mentioned material a, material c are mixed with each raw material of residue, add the humic acids of compound 4%, 0.2% herbal medicine stirs, normal temperature is stacked fermentation 12 hours, and turning adds above-mentioned material b, stirs, continue to stack fermentation 2-4 hour, oven dry namely gets described biological organic fertilizer;
The weight part of each raw material is in the described herbal medicine:
Herba Houttuyniae 20, the root of langdu 6, Fructus Cnidii 7, Turkey-galls 3.
Experiment test:
Experimentize in farmland, corn main producing region, Yongkang, Dingyuan County town in June, 2010, every mu apply 400 jin of biological organic fertilizers of the present invention after, plant corn, after the results, 1207 jin of per mu yields are 15% than using the average stimulation ratio of conventional fertilizers.

Claims (2)

1. one kind is the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, it is characterized in that what it was made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Shrimp shell meal 57-60, urea 10-12, leprosy leaf powder 8-10, vinasse 1-2, butcher tankage 20-23, rapeseed cake 6-8, Herba Ecliptae 2-3, sesbania 2-3, sweet Stevia 4-5, lapis amiridis 1-2, ditch mud 3-4, capsicum straw powder 6-7, swill 55-60, brown sugar 9-13, people's animal excrement 72-80.
One kind as claimed in claim 1 be the preparation method of the biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient with the shrimp shell meal, it is characterized in that may further comprise the steps:
(1) granulation: above-mentioned capsicum straw powder is added 6-8 times of water, be heated to 80-90 ℃, stir into pasty state, add shrimp shell meal, urea, the leprosy leaf powder of above-mentioned grinding again, dispersed with stirring 20-30 minute, the oven dry granulation, particle diameter is 1-2mm, is material a;
(2) novel brown sugar preparation of fermentation liquid: above-mentioned brown sugar is dissolved in the 1.8-2 times of clear water, add the starter of brown sugar weight 10-15%, the wintergreen oil of 0.1-0.3%, the alum of 1-2%, stir fermentation 15-20 days down at 30-40 ℃, after the fermentation ends, the Sodium Selenite that adds 1-2%, stir, get fermented liquid, be material b;
(3) EM fermentation: with above-mentioned vinasse, butcher tankage, rapeseed cake mixes, and adds the EM liquid of its weight 0.5-0.8%, adds water, makes that water-content is 60-65%, normal temperature fermentation 3-5 hour, must expect c;
(4) stack fermentation: above-mentioned material a, material c are mixed with each raw material of residue, the humic acids that adds compound 2-4%, the herbal medicine of 0.1-0.2% stirs, and normal temperature is stacked fermentation 10-12 hour, turning, add above-mentioned material b, stir, continue to stack fermentation 2-4 hour, oven dry namely gets described biological organic fertilizer;
The weight part of each raw material is in the described herbal medicine:
Herba Houttuyniae 13-20, root of langdu 7-8, Fructus Cnidii 4-5, Turkey-galls 2-3.
CN201310146099.1A 2013-04-24 2013-04-24 A kind of take shrimp shell meal as biological organic fertilizer of major ingredient and preparation method thereof Active CN103274872B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103601541A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 大连碧城环保科技有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer with acid pickling phosphorization leftovers and preparation method thereof
CN104649756A (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-05-27 黄小莲 Method for preparing flower fertilizer
CN106278461A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-01-04 桂东县山里青现代农业科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of pepper planting fertilizer and preparation and application thereof
CN106316614A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 铜仁市万山区海洋农业科技发展有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN108821842A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-11-16 江苏宏业生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich organic fertilizer and its preparation process
CN109479661A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-03-19 叶俊秀 The preparation method and its application method of cotton breeding matrix
CN111909703A (en) * 2019-03-31 2020-11-10 浙江省农业科学院 Low-degree heavy metal pollution in-situ remediation agent for greenhouse vegetable field, preparation method and application method

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03228888A (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-10-09 Isao Osuga Production of organic fermented fertilizer
JPH04178311A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-06-25 Nippon Carbon Create Kk Plant growth promoting agent
JP4037550B2 (en) * 1998-12-22 2008-01-23 有限会社シワ保全 Method for producing fertilizer or soil amendment using livestock excreta
CN102285820A (en) * 2010-06-19 2011-12-21 程静 Method for preparing nutrition fertilizer for Chinese flowering crabapple
CN102795898A (en) * 2011-05-23 2012-11-28 林光德 Method for preparing Jiushanhong hawthorn tree base fertilizer
CN102815975A (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-12-12 黄兴华 Novel ecological preparation for resource utilization of municipal refuse
CN102951971A (en) * 2012-10-13 2013-03-06 临泉县翠芳养殖有限公司 Rabbit dung-Chinese herbal medicine organic-inorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH03228888A (en) * 1990-02-05 1991-10-09 Isao Osuga Production of organic fermented fertilizer
JPH04178311A (en) * 1990-11-13 1992-06-25 Nippon Carbon Create Kk Plant growth promoting agent
JP4037550B2 (en) * 1998-12-22 2008-01-23 有限会社シワ保全 Method for producing fertilizer or soil amendment using livestock excreta
CN102285820A (en) * 2010-06-19 2011-12-21 程静 Method for preparing nutrition fertilizer for Chinese flowering crabapple
CN102795898A (en) * 2011-05-23 2012-11-28 林光德 Method for preparing Jiushanhong hawthorn tree base fertilizer
CN102815975A (en) * 2011-06-10 2012-12-12 黄兴华 Novel ecological preparation for resource utilization of municipal refuse
CN102951971A (en) * 2012-10-13 2013-03-06 临泉县翠芳养殖有限公司 Rabbit dung-Chinese herbal medicine organic-inorganic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103601541A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 大连碧城环保科技有限公司 Biological organic fertilizer with acid pickling phosphorization leftovers and preparation method thereof
CN104649756A (en) * 2014-06-26 2015-05-27 黄小莲 Method for preparing flower fertilizer
CN106278461A (en) * 2016-08-10 2017-01-04 桂东县山里青现代农业科技发展有限责任公司 A kind of pepper planting fertilizer and preparation and application thereof
CN106316614A (en) * 2016-08-22 2017-01-11 铜仁市万山区海洋农业科技发展有限公司 Mushroom cultivation material and preparation method thereof
CN108821842A (en) * 2018-05-04 2018-11-16 江苏宏业生态农业发展有限公司 A kind of selenium-rich organic fertilizer and its preparation process
CN109479661A (en) * 2018-12-18 2019-03-19 叶俊秀 The preparation method and its application method of cotton breeding matrix
CN111909703A (en) * 2019-03-31 2020-11-10 浙江省农业科学院 Low-degree heavy metal pollution in-situ remediation agent for greenhouse vegetable field, preparation method and application method

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