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CN103274039A - Underwater gliding propeller - Google Patents

Underwater gliding propeller Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103274039A
CN103274039A CN 201310217946 CN201310217946A CN103274039A CN 103274039 A CN103274039 A CN 103274039A CN 201310217946 CN201310217946 CN 201310217946 CN 201310217946 A CN201310217946 A CN 201310217946A CN 103274039 A CN103274039 A CN 103274039A
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CN
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Prior art keywords
underwater
gliding
propeller
comprises
blade
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CN 201310217946
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨东
木建一
于海鹏
顾万强
陈海民
李培正
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中国电子科技集团公司第三十六研究所
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T70/00Maritime or waterways transport
    • Y02T70/50Measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions related to the propulsion system
    • Y02T70/59Other propulsion concepts for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, e.g. wave-powered

Abstract

An underwater gliding propeller comprises a frame and a power mechanism. A plurality of mounting through holes are formed in the back of the frame, the power mechanism comprises a plurality of paddle boards, each paddle board comprises a first blade, a second blade and a connecting piece, each connecting piece is arranged in the corresponding mounting through hole, and each first blade and the corresponding second blade are respectively connected to two ends of the corresponding connecting piece. The underwater gliding propeller has the advantages that the underwater gliding propeller is of a purely mechanical structure and comprises the multiple paddle boards, and wave energy is used as an energy source, so that the underwater gliding propeller can be pushed to advance; and the underwater gliding propeller can be integrally connected with an above-water floater by a flexible connector, so that technical problems that fixed equipment is inflexible in observation and movable equipment is high in energy consumption in the traditional mode are solved.

Description

水下滑翔推进器 Underwater glider propeller

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种动力部件,尤其涉及一种水下滑翔推进器。 [0001] The present invention relates to a power member, in particular, it relates to an underwater propulsion glider.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 在传统的海洋观测任务中,一般采用浮标、海上平台、船载传感器或机器人等设备作为观测平台。 [0002] In a conventional ocean observation tasks, generally using buoys, offshore platform, ship or the like sensor robot apparatus as an observation platform. 锚系固定浮标技术成熟,有广泛的应用,但系泊绳存在断裂风险,深海锚系困难,深海区域稳定难度大;基于动力定位的海洋平台造价高,布放复杂,维护成本高,人员需要多,能耗高;船载传感器可以获得大规模海洋测量数据,缺点是覆盖范围有限,不灵活;水下遥控机器人(ROV)与控制船舶有线连接,其活动范围受到限制,只适用于浅水作业;水下自主机器人(AUV)近年来取得了重大的发展,但能源消耗大,仅适用于短期作业。 Moorings fixed buoy technology is mature, widely used, but the mooring rope there is the risk of fracture, difficult deep-sea mooring, large deep-sea area stabilized difficulty; high based on dynamic positioning offshore platform cost and deployment complexity, high maintenance costs, personnel needs multiple, high energy consumption; onboard sensor may obtain a large-scale marine survey data, the disadvantage is limited coverage, is not flexible; remote underwater robot (ROV) with a wired connection to control the ship, their range is limited, only applies to shallow water operation ; autonomous underwater robot (AUV) in recent years has made significant development, but energy consumption, only for short-term operations.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 为了克服现有技术中固定设备观测不灵活,以及设备耗能高等技术问题,本发明提供一种水下滑翔推进器,采用纯机械结构,不需要任何电能,适用于长期海上作业的需要。 [0003] In order to overcome the prior art fixation device observed inflexible, and equipment energy consumption and higher technical problem, the present invention provides a propulsion gliders, pure mechanical structure does not require any power for long offshore operations need.

[0004] 本发明采用的技术方案如下: [0004] The present invention employs the following technical solutions:

[0005] 一种水下滑翔推进器,包括 [0005] An underwater glider propeller, including

[0006] 架体,其背部设置若干安装通孔; [0006] The frame body is provided on its back a plurality of mounting through-holes;

[0007] 动力机构,包括若干桨板; [0007] The power mechanism, including a plurality of paddles;

[0008] 桨板包括第一桨片、第二桨片和连接件,连接件设于安装通孔内,第一桨片和第二桨片分别连接于连接件的两端。 [0008] The paddle comprises a first paddle, the second blades and the connecting member connecting member provided on the mounting through hole, the first and second paddle blades are respectively connected to ends of the connection member. 优选的,第一桨片和第二桨片结构和形状相同,以连接件为中心,桨板整体左右对称。 Preferably, the same as the first paddle and second paddle structure and shape to the center connecting member, symmetrically around the whole paddle.

[0009] 本发明架体优选板体,架体的两侧的侧面为板体平面。 [0009] Preferably the present invention, the frame body plate, both side surfaces of the frame body is flat plate. 为适应水下滑翔推进器在水中的运动,架体的前端仿照鱼头部的流线弧状,如:圆弧状、椭圆弧状及其与直线的结合形成,架体的后端设有尾舵。 To meet the glider underwater propulsion movement in the water, fish head modeled distal arcuate flow line of the frame body, such as: binding arcuate, elliptical arc and a straight line is formed, the rear end of the frame body is provided with a rudder . 此外,各个安装通孔等间距设置,其两侧边缘优选同向弧形(如:圆弧形),以利于在受力作用下各个桨板的运动和位置调整。 Further, each of the attachment holes provided at equal intervals, preferably both side edges thereof curved in the same direction (eg: arc-shaped), in order to facilitate the movement of each paddle and the position adjustment in the force action.

[0010] 本发明架体还包括浮子连接部,设于背部,以便于与水上浮子的连接。 Rack [0010] The present invention further includes a float connecting portion, provided on the back, so that the water float connection.

[0011] 本发明还提供一种观测平台,包括水面浮子、柔性连接件和水下滑翔推进器,柔性连接件两端分别与水面浮子和水下滑翔推进器连接。 [0011] The present invention further provides an observation platform, comprising a surface float, a flexible connecting member and the pusher gliders, both ends of the flexible connecting member are connected to the float and the water propeller gliders.

[0012] 本发明水面浮子是一种浮于水面并可安装设备的载体,优选尾端设置尾鳍的载体。 [0012] The present invention relates to a water float floating on the water and the carrier mounting device, the carrier is preferably provided caudal fin tail.

[0013] 本发明柔性连接件选用橡胶、聚酯和植物纤维之一种或几种制成。 Flexible joint selection invention of a rubber, and polyester fibers, or of several plant made [0013] of the present.

[0014] 本发明水下滑翔推进器,采用纯机械结构,由若干桨板组成,以波浪能为供能来源,推动水下滑翔推进器前进。 [0014] The present invention gliders propulsion, pure mechanical structure, composed of a plurality of paddles, proceeds to wave energy source is energized, pushing the pusher gliders. 水下滑翔推进器与水上浮子可通过柔性连接器连成一体。 Underwater glider propeller and water can float fused through a flexible connector. 当滑翔推进器利用波浪能向前运动时,拖动水上浮子前进,达到利用环境能源进行自主运动的目的,由此解决了传统方式中固定设备观测不灵活,而运动设备耗能高的技术问题。 When the glider propeller wave energy movement forward, dragging water float forward, to achieve the purpose of energy use environment for independent movement, and thus solve the traditional way of observing inflexible fixed equipment, sports equipment and high energy-consuming technical problems . 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1是本发明水下滑翔推进器一实施例的结构示意图; [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention is to promote the glider;

[0016] 图2是本发明桨板部件一实施例的结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a paddle member of the present invention embodiment;

[0017] 图3是图1的俯视图; [0017] FIG. 3 is a plan view of Figure 1;

[0018] 图4是以本发明水下滑翔推进器为部件而组成的观测平台一情形示意图; [0018] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the present invention is the observation platform glider pusher member is composed of a case;

[0019] 图5是以本发明水下滑翔推进器为部件而组成的观测平台另一情形示意图。 [0019] FIG. 5 is another instance of the present invention is the observation platform glider pusher member is composed of FIG.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 如图1、图2和图3所示,本发明水下滑翔推进器,包括架体I为板体结构,两侧的侧面12为板体平面。 [0020] As shown in FIG. 1, 2 and 3, the present invention gliders pusher, I is a plate body comprising a frame structure, the side plate 12 on both sides of the plane. 在架体I的背部等间距设置若干安装通孔11,各个安装通孔内分别对应设置I件连接件23,第一桨片21和第二桨片22结构和形状相同,并分别接于连接件的两端,以连接件为中心,桨板2整体呈左右对称。 I like the back of the frame body provided with a plurality of mounting pitch of the through hole 11, the through-hole corresponding to each of the mounting member are respectively provided I connector 23, 21 and 22 and the shape of the second structure identical to the first paddle blades and respectively connected to the connection both ends of the member, connected to the center member, 2 paddle whole was symmetrical. 各个设置于架体的桨板组成了水下滑翔推进器的动力机构。 Each paddle member disposed on the frame make up the power mechanism gliders pusher.

[0021] 本实施例中,架体的后端设有尾舵13。 [0021] In this embodiment, the rear end of the frame body 13 is provided with a rudder. 仿照鱼头部,将架体的前端设计为流线型,以减小水的阻力,适应在水中的运动。 Modeled fish head, the front-end design frame body is streamlined to reduce the water resistance, accommodate movement in the water. 此外,各个安装通孔为两侧边缘具有同向圆弧的条状通孔,为连接件提供柔性运动空间,以利于在受力作用下各个桨板的运动和位置调整。 Furthermore, each mounting through-hole having a through-hole of the strip with the side edges of the arc of a circle, providing space for movement of the flexible link, in order to facilitate the movement of each paddle and the position adjustment in the force action.

[0022] 如图4所示,将水上浮子3通过柔性材质(如:橡胶、聚酯和植物纤维等)制成的连接绳4,系于架体背部的重心位置而组成一个移动的观测平台。 [0022] As shown, the buoy 3 via flexible water 4 Material: made of a connection cord (e.g., rubber, polyester and plant fiber) 4, based on the gravity center position of the back frame body and consisting of a mobile observation platform . 由若干桨板组成的动力机构,以波浪能为供能来源。 Powered by a number of paddle mechanism composed of a wave energy source is energized. 当水上浮子受波浪5作用推高时,通过连接绳将水下滑翔推进器拉起,由此使桨板上的各个桨片21,22形成一个攻角,可产生一个向前的分力,使观测平台向前运动;当水上浮子受波浪作用下沉时,相类似的,也会产生向前的分力,使观测平台向前运动(参见图5)。 When the water float by wave action pushing 5, by connecting the rope pull gliders pusher, whereby the respective blades 21, 22 form a plate pitch angle of attack, produces a forward component, observation platform so that forward movement; when subject to wave action of the water float sink, similar, will produce a forward force component of the forward motion of the observation platform (see FIG. 5). 如同飞机在空气中前进时其机翼产生向上的升力,水下滑翔推进器对相对静止的水所做的垂直运动将其一部分向上的力转化为向前的推力,而与波浪方向无关,推进器向下做垂直运动时情况类似。 As its upward lift produced by the wings when the airplane in the air proceeds, the vertical movement of the pusher gliders relatively stationary part of the water will be made to the upward force of the thrust forward, regardless of the wave direction, advancing similar is the case when doing the downward vertical movement.

Claims (11)

1.一种水下滑翔推进器,其特征是包括架体,其背部设置若干安装通孔; 动力机构,包括若干桨板; 所述的桨板包括第一桨片、第二桨片和连接件,所述的连接件设于所述的安装通孔内,所述的第一桨片和所述的第二桨片分别连接于连接件的两端。 A propeller gliders, characterized in that the body comprises a frame which is provided a plurality of back mounting through hole; a power mechanism, including a plurality of paddles; said paddle comprises a first paddle, and a second connecting blades member, said connecting member provided in the mounting through hole, the first blades and the second blades are respectively connected to ends of the connection member.
2.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是所述的安装通孔等间距设置。 Glider according to claim 1 of the propeller, wherein the pitch of said set of mounting vias.
3.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是所述的安装通孔两侧边缘为同向弧形。 The gliders propeller according to claim 1, wherein said mounting holes through both sides of the arcuate edge to the same direction.
4.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是以所述的第一桨片和所述的第二桨片结构和形状相同。 The gliders propeller according to claim 1, which is characterized in the same said first paddle and said second paddle structure and shape.
5.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是所述的连接件为中心,所述的桨板整体左右对称。 The gliders propeller according to claim 1, characterized in that the connection member as the center, the overall symmetry about the paddle.
6.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是所述的架体为板体,其两侧的侧面为所述的板体平面。 The gliders propeller according to claim 1, wherein said frame body is a plate member, said side surfaces on both sides of the plane of the plate.
7.根据权利要求1所述的水下滑翔推进器,其特征是所述的架体还包括浮子连接部,设于背部。 The gliders propeller according to claim 1, wherein said frame body further includes a float connecting portion, provided on the back.
8.—种观测平台,其特征是包括水面浮子、柔性连接件和权利要求1-7之一所述的水下滑翔推进器,所述柔性连接件两端分别与水面浮子和所述的水下滑翔推进器连接。 8.- species observation platform, which is characterized in comprising a surface float, submerged propeller glider according to one of flexible connections 1-7 and claims, the two ends of the flexible connecting member and the float water surface, respectively under glider propeller connection.
9.根据权利要求8所述的观测平台,其特征是所述的水面浮子的尾端设有尾鳍。 9. The observation platform according to claim 8, wherein the trailing end surface of the float is provided with a tail fin.
10.根据权利要求8所述的观测平台,其特征是所述的柔性连接件选用橡胶、聚酯和植物纤维之一种或几种制成。 10. The observation platform according to claim 8, wherein said flexible connecting member selection, and a rubber-polyester or more plant fibers made.
11.一种水下滑翔推进方法,其特征是包括水面浮子、柔性连接件和权利要求1-7之一所述的水下滑翔推进器,所述柔性连接件两端分别与水面浮子和所述的水下滑翔推进器连接,若干所述的桨板组成动力机构,以波浪能为供能来源;当所述的水面浮子受波浪作用推高时,通过所述柔性连接件将所述的水下滑翔推进器拉起,使所述桨板上的各个桨片形成一个攻角,产生一个向前的分力,使所述的观测平台向前运动;当水面浮子受波浪作用下沉时,也会产生向前的分力,使观测平台向前运动。 A glider propulsion method, characterized by comprising a surface float, a flexible connecting member and said pusher gliders as claimed in any one of claims 1-7, the two ends of the flexible connecting member respectively and the surface buoy glider said pusher is connected, consisting of a plurality of said paddle power mechanism, able to supply a wave energy source; when the buoy is subject to wave action of the water pushed by said flexible connecting member to said pusher gliders pulled so that each of said blades forming a pitch angle of attack of the board, a forward component generated the observation platform of the forward movement; when subject to wave action of the water float sink , will produce a forward force component of the observation platform forward.
CN 201310217946 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Underwater gliding propeller CN103274039A (en)

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