CN103273549B - Fully-automatic production line of manufacturing chopsticks by using plant branches - Google Patents

Fully-automatic production line of manufacturing chopsticks by using plant branches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103273549B
CN103273549B CN201310105957.8A CN201310105957A CN103273549B CN 103273549 B CN103273549 B CN 103273549B CN 201310105957 A CN201310105957 A CN 201310105957A CN 103273549 B CN103273549 B CN 103273549B
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China
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wheel
machine
plate
fixed
motor
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CN201310105957.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103273549A (en
Inventor
孙伟
黄明
孙清超
张德功
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大连丰和草本箸业有限公司
大连理工大学
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Publication of CN103273549A publication Critical patent/CN103273549A/en
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Abstract

A fully-automatic production line of manufacturing chopsticks by using plant branches is composed of a cutting machine, a burr removal machine, a cleaning machine, a drying, straightening and sterilizing machine, a separation device, an outer circle processing machine and a heat transfer machine, wherein the machines are connected with one another through conveying belts. According to the main processes, materials are conveyed into the cutting machine to be cut, and then sent to the burr removal machine, burr removal is carried out on the materials, and then the materials are conveyed into the cleaning machine through the conveying belts to be cleaned; microwave drying, straightening and sterilization are carried out on the materials conveyed into the drying, straightening and sterilizing machine; the materials are conveyed into the separation device through the conveying belts, the raw materials which can be processed are selected out rapidly, the matching raw materials automatically enter the outer circle processing machine after being screened out, and polishing is carried out on the outer circles; finally, the materials enter the heat transfer machine, and heat transfer printing and disinfection are carried out. The fully-automatic production line has the advantages of being a substitute of industrially producing the disposable wood chopsticks at high speed and with low cost, achieving good quality, low carbon, environment-friendliness, and hygienic security, conforming to industrial policies of the nation, and having wide market prospect.

Description

A kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks
Technical field
The invention belongs to the production line relating to a kind of chopsticks, particularly relate to a kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks.
Technical background
Disposable and convenient chopsticks (wood chopsticks, bamboo chopstick) is invented by Japanese, has defined large-scale industry in China.According to official statistics in 2005, there were 20000 throwaway chopsticks manufacturing enterprises in the whole nation, and annual production about reaches 80,000,000,000 pairs, its middle outlet about 30,000,000,000 pairs, and domestic market consumes about 50,000,000,000 pairs, and year consumes timber about 4,500 ten thousand steres.Although disposable chopsticks has the features such as easy to use, prevent disease propagation in catering trade, because consuming a large amount of timber, opposed actively by national departments concerned and environmentalist.The technology utilizing annual shrub branch, wormwood cane to produce disposable and convenient chopsticks does not also have ripe technology and perfect production equipment at present, be all manual production, the product come done like this is coarse, and cost is high, low and the waste of manpower resource of efficiency, cannot allow product industrialization.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks, solve the problems referred to above well, energy efficiency is high, quality good, full automatic production in enormous quantities throwaway chopsticks, and save social resources, environmental protection, meets national industrial policies.
For realizing above object, by the following technical solutions:
Utilize plants shoots to process an automatic production line for chopsticks, it is characterized in that, production line is by cutting machine, and machine for removing bur, cleaning machine, dries alignment sterilization machine, screening installation, and outer circle processor and pyrograph machine composition, connected by conveyer belt between every grade of machine.
The production method of whole production line is: after plants shoots, wormwood feeding cutting machine are carried out cutting process, send into machine for removing bur through conveyer belt and carry out deburring, send into after cleaning machine cleaning through conveyer belt after process, be sent to dry in alignment sterilization machine and carry out microwave drying, carry out alignment, sterilization, send in screening installation through conveyer belt again, quick-pick goes out the raw material that can process, by the raw material screening that meets out after, automatically enter the grinding process that outer circle processor carries out cylindrical, finally enter pyrograph machine and carry out bronze designs or patterns on fans, wooden furniture, etc. and sterilize.
Technological process is: cutting, and---------------cylindrical fine finishining---bronze designs or patterns on fans, wooden furniture, etc. sterilization---is packed in sorting to dry alignment sterilization in cleaning in deburring.
Described cutting machine mainly comprises promptly pawl, saw blade, scroll bar, guide rail, mair motor, propulsion electric machine, discharging opening, outer containment vessel, the bracket of the promptly pawl of described cutting machine, through guide rail, the bracket of promptly pawl simultaneously has a hole catering to scroll bar screw thread to pass through whirlpool; Described scroll bar one end connects the front end that propulsion electric machine is fixed on equipment, and the other end is fixed on the rear end of equipment by scroll bar bracket; Rotating shaft is by after saw blade, and two ends are through outer containment vessel, and be connected with mair motor with belt, equipment rear end is provided with a discharging opening.
The promptly pawl of described cutting machine has adjacent three groups, and often group has two promptly pawls; Saw blade described in equipment has three of equidistant symmetry; Often organizing two saw blades firmly grasping pawl and locus symmetry in three groups is that microgap is discontiguous; Wherein each promptly pawl have two grippers to be connected by connecting axle, one of them gripper circular arc portion connects a length with little spring and is greater than the compression pawl that gripper 2/3rds is less than a times, and main shaft is provided with two hydraulic stems, and head contacts with two grippers respectively; Turbine is connected on the bracket of promptly pawl by connecting rod.
The feed bin I of described machine for removing bur connects sub-material wheel I, sub-material wheel I is in above the pipeline side of the related upper deburring wheel of slide guide post and lower deburring wheel composition, and be the whole pipeline that the related upper deburring wheel of lower slide guide post and lower deburring wheel form with corresponding spacing single material size position, pipeline and ground inclination angle are 40 °; Described upper deburring wheel and the groove of lower deburring wheel do not contact upper slide guide rail post and lower slide guide rail post.
Described oven dry alignment sterilization machine mainly comprises microwave tunnel, automatic material arranging machine, conveyer belt I, band plate, main frame, main frame is rotated by belt drive conveyer belt I, fluted on the band plate of conveyer belt I, conveyer belt I is provided with microwave tunnel, is fixed with automatic material arranging machine at the low order end of conveyer belt I; Described microwave tunnel is that the micro-wave oven communicated by three centres is formed by connecting, have to suppress between microwave tunnel inside and conveyer belt I and take turns and TVS, the conveyer belt I surface at two ends is fixed with pinch roller, there is a steam vents microwave tunnel central upper portion position, there is control button in each micro-wave oven front, and the power bracket of every platform micro-wave oven is 500w-1500w; Described conveyer belt I has the groove along direction of transfer longitudinal direction, groove depth 0.8-1cm, wide 0.5-0.8cm, tape is spliced by polylith band plate, and junction is arcuate slots.
Described screening installation is taken turns II, feed bin II, active roller station by separator, transmission steel tank, sub-material, is assisted support roller to form, wherein two sub-material wheel II pass and are fixed on feed bin II discharging opening, be connected with the motor on feed bin II respectively with two belts, three separators stride across transmission steel tank, be fixed on main frame edge, after active roller station and auxiliary support roller are walked around in the tiling of transmission steel tank, docking is contactless with main frame edge; Under described separator, dynamic air cylinder is fixed on cylinder supporting plate, cylinder supporting plate is fixed on two crossbeams, piston rod is connected with lower dynamic connecting plate by cylinder supporting plate, lower dynamic connecting plate is fixedly connected with bottom plate by four symmetrical steel poles, separation wheel is fixed on two blocks of symmetrical steel plates by main shaft, two block plates are welded on bottom plate, and sorting motor is fixed on the side of separator, are connected with the main shaft of separation wheel by motor belt; Four pillars are fixed on main frame edge through bottom plate, and the leg portion cover between bottom plate and main frame has spring I, and crossbeam hold-down nut and sorting standard adjustment nut are fixed.
The sand ribbon of described outer circle processor connects regulating wheel, driving wheel, jockey pulley composition sand ribbon milling drum, and with set screw on regulating wheel, driving wheel is connected with mair motor by driving belt, and retainer plate is positioned at the centre of driving wheel and guide wheel; Rail covers driving-belt II, guide wheel is fixed on driving-belt II by guide wheel bracket, and its axle center is concordant with driving wheel axle center; Guide wheel motor connects biography lever linkage frame and is connected with cam ring drive link together with spring II, and the cam motor that was connected with external cam after cam ring drive link one end connects cam ring operates; Feed bin III, the wheel that gets stuck, blanking wheel, feed opening, blanking plate, cutting plate composition feeding port, blanking wheel connects blanking plate and takes turns III by interlock cingulum with linked gear and sub-material and cutting plate is connected in side supports mutually, and the wheel that gets stuck is positioned at centre.
The top of the retainer plate of described outer circle processor is inclined-plane, width 4.5mm, and angle 42 ° is lower than the axis of driving wheel and guide wheel; Get stuck wheel and blanking wheel differ from 180 °, position is a material gap.
The automatic material arranging machine of described oven dry alignment sterilization machine comprises rotating shaft I, rotating shaft II, deflecting roller, pendulum material motor, slide rail, slide rail fixed cover, hopper, sliding rail rack, pneumatic motor, air-leg, sliding rail rack is welded on conveyer belt I both sides, article two, slide rail is fixed on sliding rail rack, slide rail fixed cover is welded on hopper both sides, slide rail is through slide rail fixed cover, one end of sliding rail rack is provided with an inductor, the rotating shaft I that hopper bottom is arranged, rotating shaft II and deflecting roller are by the pendulum material driven by motor of hopper rear end, air-leg is together with the center weld of hopper rear end, below is connected with pneumatic motor, described rotating shaft I and rotating shaft II are put side by side in feed hopper bottom, direction is consistent with conveyer belt I direction, there is the space of 0.5-0.8cm centre, and steering spindle is positioned at the top of rotating shaft I by engaged gears, and rubber strip is connected to rotating shaft II, steering spindle on pendulum material motor.
The technique that cutter cuts is: put into by material and firmly grasp pawl, and by material promptly, unlatching motor allows firmly grasps pawl feeding, when promptly pawl cuts severing along guide rail movement to time tangent with saw blade, discharging to regulate promptly pawl and paw thereof.
The technique of machine for removing bur deburring is: material is loaded into feed bin I, through sub-material wheel I sub-material, and upper slide guide post, the dynamic upper deburring wheel of lower slide guide cornice, lower deburring wheel processing, deburring and Mao Cha.
The technique of cleaning machine cleaning is: loaded in cleaning machine by the material of well cutting, start switch, allows the swing by a small margin of rinse bath, and poking bar starts gentle agitation, discharging after cleaning.
The technique of drying alignment sterilization is: material is put into automatic material arranging machine, in the process that automatic material arranging machine moves reciprocatingly perpendicular to conveyer belt I transmission direction at conveyer belt right-hand member, material is put into the groove alignment of conveyer belt I, material is sent in the microwave tunnel of micro-wave oven along with conveyer belt, carry out drying and sterilization process in microwave tunnel simultaneously, further alignment, enters next process.
The technique of screening installation sorting material is: three horizontal depths of beam of separator are arranged by adjustment sorting standard adjustment nut successively from big to small; Material is sent into feed bin II, material is along with the motion of transmission steel tank, material maximum for external diameter, through first separator, is selected by material, and the material be not selected continues to be sent to second separator slightly large the sorting out of external diameter, to the 3rd separator slightly little the screening of external diameter, what external diameter was minimum passes through three separators, out screened through transmitting steel tank, transition screening from coarse to fine like this, select the material that applicable external diameter is applicable to, enter next operation.
The accurately machined processing technology of cylindrical is: material is through sub-material wheel sub-material wheel III successively sub-material, during feeding, feeding port is opened, the wheel that gets stuck is opened, material falling down, guide wheel feeding stops, branch stops on retainer plate inclined-plane, sand ribbon connects regulating wheel, driving wheel, jockey pulley composition sand ribbon milling drum, and guide wheel continues feeding, and material floats with guide wheel and rotates, mair motor starts to drive sand ribbon milling drum grinding, now feeding port is closed, and guide wheel feeding stops at precalculated position, and sand ribbon milling drum polishes material, the wheel that gets stuck is opened, to feeding port charging.Guide wheel drops back the chopsticks that process from end opening discharging, and the wheel that gets stuck is closed, and complete one-period, the time is 1s.The wheels that the advance and retreat frequency of guide wheel forms by cam ring and external cam control, and controling parameters is made by oneself according to required finished form.
The processing technology of pyrograph machine is: scald the height that film adjusting knob regulates boiling hot film machine, change the boiling hot film wanting to use, start and scald film machine, material enters on the left of casing, along own conveyer belt transmission from left to right, when being transferred under boiling hot film machine, heating rod can iron chopsticks surface the decorative pattern of boiling hot film by transient heating, under chopsticks are passed to ultraviolet lamp by conveyer belt continuation transmission, spread out of from discharging opening after sterilizing.
Advantage of the present invention: the substitute of disposable chopsticks is produced in the industrialization of high speed low cost, and its quality is good, low-carbon environment-friendly, safe and sanitary, meets national industrial policies, has wide market prospects.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 2 present invention process flow chart
The knot signal composition of Fig. 3-1 cutting machine
The top view of Fig. 3-2 cutting machine
The structure chart of pawl firmly grasped by Fig. 3-3 cutting machine
The profile of Fig. 4-1 machine for removing bur
The top view of Fig. 4-2 machine for removing bur
The structure chart of Fig. 4-3 machine for removing bur
Fig. 5-1 dries the structural representation of alignment sterilization machine
The structural representation of Fig. 5-2 microwave tunnel
The structural representation of Fig. 6-1 screening installation
The structure chart of the separator of Fig. 6-2 screening installation
The top view of the separator of Fig. 6-3 screening installation
The structural representation of Fig. 7-1 outer circle processor
The rearview of Fig. 7-2 outer circle processor
The top view of Fig. 7-3 outer circle processor
The side view of Fig. 8-1 automatic material arranging machine
The structural representation of Fig. 8-2 automatic material arranging machine
As shown in the figure 1, cutting machine; 2, machine for removing bur; 3, cleaning machine; 4, alignment sterilization machine is dried; 5, screening installation; 6, screening installation; 7, pyrograph machine; 8, pawl is firmly grasped; 9, saw blade; 10, scroll bar; 11, guide rail; 12, mair motor; 13, propulsion electric machine; 14, discharging opening; 15, outer containment vessel; 16, the bracket of pawl is firmly grasped; 17, scroll bar bracket; 18, rotating shaft; 19, feed bin I; 20, sub-material wheel I; 21, upper slide guide post; 22, upper deburring wheel; 23, lower deburring wheel; 24, lower slide guide post; 25, microwave tunnel; 26, automatic material arranging machine; 27, conveyer belt I; 28, band plate; 29, main frame; 30, compacting wheel; 31, TVS; 32, pinch roller; 33, micro-wave oven; 34, steam vents; 35, separator; 36, steel tank is transmitted; 37, sub-material wheel II; 38, feed bin II; 39, slide rail fixed cover; 40, active roller station; 41, auxiliary support roller; 42, lower dynamic air cylinder; 43, cylinder supporting plate; 44, crossbeam; 45, piston rod; 46, lower dynamic connecting plate; 47, steel pole; 48, bottom plate; 49, main shaft; 50, steel plate; 51, sorting motor; 52, motor belt; 53, separation wheel; 54, pillar; 55, spring I; 56, hold-down nut; 57, sorting standard adjustment nut; 58, sand ribbon; 59, regulating wheel; 60, driving wheel; 61, jockey pulley; 62, set screw; 63, driving belt; 64, mair motor; 65, retainer plate; 66, guide wheel; 67, rail; 68, driving-belt II; 69, guide wheel bracket; 70, guide wheel motor; 71, lever linkage frame is passed; 72, spring II; 73, cam ring drive link; 74, cam ring; 75, external cam; 76, blanking wheel; 77, blanking plate; 78, interlock cingulum; 79, linked gear; 80, sub-material wheel III; 81, cutting plate; 82, in side supports; 83, get stuck wheel; 84, gripper; 85, connecting axle; 86, little spring; 87, pawl is compressed; 88, hydraulic stem; 89, turbine; 90, connecting rod; 91, rotating shaft I; 92, rotating shaft II; 93, deflecting roller; 94, pendulum material motor; 95, slide rail; 96, hopper; 97, sliding rail rack; 98, pneumatic motor; 99, air-leg; 100, inductor; 101, cam motor; 102, feed bin III; 103, feed opening.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment
The present invention is by cutting machine (1) as shown in figure, machine for removing bur (2), cleaning machine (3), dries alignment sterilization machine (4), screening installation (5), and outer circle processor (6) and pyrograph machine (7) composition, connected by conveyer belt between every grade of machine.
Wormwood is put into cutting machine (1) to cut, the spacing that promptly pawl (8) is often organized in adjustment is 15cm, and adjacent gripper (84) distance is 1cm, and gripper (84) itself is wide is 2.5cm, cuts into the wormwood stem bar of 20cm, enter the deburring stage through saw blade (9); Removed by the burr of the stem bar of wormwood, grinding homogeneity, enters wash phase; By stirring 5 minutes in rinse bath, entering and drying alignment sterilization link; Stem bar reach capacity water suction the water yield be 21%, each micro-wave oven (33) work 1000w, be 3 minutes by the time of whole microwave tunnel (25), enter the sorting stage; Being adjusted to successively by the separator (35) of screening installation (5) and sub-electing stem bar external diameter is the standard of 8-10mm, 7-8mm, 6-7mm, along with the motion transmitting steel tank (36), the external diameter of each rank is sorted out, below 6mm's is out screened along with transmitting steel tank (36), achieve 4 grades of assorting rooms, required external diameter is entered processing rounding operation through difference; The stem bar of same rank external diameter, be polished into external diameter identical stem bar according to elementary errors through 0-0.5mm at Excircle machining, the polishing cycle is 1s; Enter pyrograph machine (7), the secondary sterilization stage; Finally be shaped chopsticks, packaging.
As shown in figure 3-1, cutting machine (1) mainly comprises promptly pawl (8), saw blade (9), scroll bar (10), guide rail (11), mair motor (12), propulsion electric machine (13), discharging opening (14), outer containment vessel (15), the bracket (16) of the promptly pawl of described cutting machine, through guide rail, the bracket (16) of promptly pawl simultaneously has a hole catering to scroll bar screw thread by scroll bar (10); Described scroll bar (10) one end connects the front end that propulsion electric machine (13) is fixed on equipment, and the other end is fixed on the rear end of equipment by scroll bar bracket (17); Rotating shaft (18) is by after saw blade (9), and two ends are through outer containment vessel (15), and be connected with mair motor (5) with belt, equipment rear end is provided with a discharging opening (14).
As shown in Fig. 3-3 figure, the promptly pawl (8) of described cutting machine (1) has adjacent three groups, and often group has two promptly pawls (8); Saw blade (9) described in equipment has three of equidistant symmetry; Often organizing two saw blades (9) firmly grasping pawl (8) and locus symmetry in three groups is that microgap is discontiguous; Wherein each firmly grasps pawl (8) has two grippers (84) to be connected by connecting axle (85), one of them gripper (84) circular arc portion connects a length with little spring (86) and is greater than the compression pawl (87) that gripper 2/3rds is less than a times, main shaft is provided with two hydraulic stems (88), and head contacts with two grippers (84) respectively; Turbine (89) is connected on the bracket (16) of promptly pawl by connecting rod (90).
As Fig. 4-1,4-3, shown in 4-3, the feed bin I(19 of machine for removing bur (2)) connect sub-material wheel I(20), sub-material wheel I(20) be in above pipeline side that the related upper deburring wheel (22) of slide guide post (21) and lower deburring wheel (23) form, and be the whole pipeline that the lower related upper deburring wheel of slide guide post (24) (22) forms with lower deburring wheel (23) with corresponding spacing single material size position, pipeline and ground inclination angle are 40 °; Described upper deburring wheel (22) and the groove of lower deburring wheel (23) do not contact upper slide guide rail post (21) and lower slide guide rail post (24).
As Fig. 5-1, shown in 5-2, described oven dry alignment sterilization machine (4) mainly comprises microwave tunnel (25), automatic material arranging machine (26), conveyer belt I(27), band plate (28), main frame (29), main frame (29) is by belt drive conveyer belt I(27) rotate, conveyer belt I(27) band plate (28) upper fluted, conveyer belt I(27) on be provided with microwave tunnel (25), at conveyer belt I(27) low order end be fixed with automatic material arranging machine (26); Described microwave tunnel (3) is that the micro-wave oven (33) communicated by three centres is formed by connecting, inner and the conveyer belt I(27 of microwave tunnel (25)) between have to suppress and take turns (30) and TVS (31), the conveyer belt I(27 at two ends) surface is fixed with pinch roller (32), there is a steam vents (34) microwave tunnel (25) central upper portion position, there is control button in each micro-wave oven front, and the power bracket of every platform micro-wave oven is 500w-1500w; Described conveyer belt I(27) on have groove along direction of transfer longitudinal direction, groove depth 0.8-1cm, wide 0.5-0.8cm, tape is spliced by polylith band plate (28), and junction is arcuate slots.
As Fig. 6-1, 6-2, shown in 6-3, screening installation (5) is by separator (35), transmit steel tank (36), sub-material wheel II(37), feed bin II(38), active roller station (40), auxiliary support roller (41) composition, wherein two sub-material wheel II(37) pass and be fixed on feed bin II(38) discharging opening, with two belts respectively with feed bin II(38) on motor be connected, three separators (35) stride across transmits steel tank (36), be fixed on main frame edge, active roller station (40) is walked around in transmission steel tank (36) tiling and auxiliary support roller (41) docks with main frame edge contactless afterwards, under described separator (35), dynamic air cylinder (42) is fixed on cylinder supporting plate (43), cylinder supporting plate (43) is fixed on two crossbeams (44), piston rod (45) is connected with lower dynamic connecting plate (46) by cylinder supporting plate (43), lower dynamic connecting plate (46) is fixedly connected with bottom plate (48) by four symmetrical steel poles (47), separation wheel (53) is fixed on two blocks of symmetrical steel plates (50) by main shaft (49), two block plates (50) are welded on bottom plate (48), sorting motor (51) is fixed on the side of separator (35), be connected with the main shaft (49) of separation wheel by motor belt (52), four pillars (54) are fixed on main frame edge through bottom plate (48), and pillar (54) part between bottom plate (48) and main frame is overlapped and had spring I(55), crossbeam (44) hold-down nut (56) and sorting standard adjustment nut are fixed (57), described transmission steel tank (36) lateral trench, wide 9mm, dark 5mm.
As Fig. 7-1,7-2, shown in 7-3, the sand ribbon (58) of outer circle processor (6) connects regulating wheel (59), driving wheel (60), jockey pulley (61) composition sand ribbon milling drum, with set screw (62) on regulating wheel, driving wheel (60) is connected with mair motor (64) by driving belt (63), and retainer plate (65) is positioned at the centre of driving wheel (60) and guide wheel (66); Rail (67) is upper covers driving-belt II(68), guide wheel (66) is fixed on driving-belt II(68 by guide wheel bracket (69)) on, its axle center is concordant with driving wheel (60) axle center; Guide wheel motor (70) connect pass lever linkage frame (71) and spring II(72) together be connected with cam ring drive link (73), cam ring drive link (73) one end connection cam ring (74) cam motor (101) that was connected with external cam (75) afterwards operates; Feed bin III(102), the wheel (83) that gets stuck, blanking wheel (76), feed opening (103), blanking plate (26), cutting plate (81) composition feeding port, blanking wheel (76) connect blanking plate (77) take turns III(80 with linked gear (79) with sub-material by interlock cingulum (78)) and cutting plate (81) be connected in (82) in side supports mutually, the wheel (83) that gets stuck is positioned at centre.
The top of the retainer plate (65) of outer circle processor (6) is inclined-plane, width 4.5mm, and angle 42 ° is lower than the axis of driving wheel (60) and guide wheel (66); Get stuck wheel (83) and blanking wheel (76) differs from 180 °, and position is a material gap.
As Fig. 8-1, shown in 8-2, the automatic material arranging machine (26) of drying alignment sterilization machine (4) comprises rotating shaft I (91), rotating shaft II (92), deflecting roller (93), pendulum material motor (94), slide rail (95), slide rail fixed cover (39), hopper (96), sliding rail rack (97), pneumatic motor (98), air-leg (99), sliding rail rack (97) is welded on conveyer belt I (27) both sides, article two, slide rail (95) is fixed on (97) on sliding rail rack, slide rail fixed cover (39) is welded on hopper (96) both sides, slide rail (95) is through slide rail fixed cover (39), one end of sliding rail rack (97) is provided with an inductor (100), the rotating shaft I (91) that hopper (96) bottom is arranged, rotating shaft II (92) and deflecting roller (93) are driven by the pendulum material motor (94) of hopper (96) rear end, air-leg (99) is together with the center weld of hopper (96) rear end, below is connected with pneumatic motor (98), described rotating shaft I (91) and rotating shaft II (92) are put side by side in hopper (96) bottom, direction is consistent with conveyer belt I (91) direction, there is the space of 0.5-0.8cm centre, steering spindle (93) is positioned at the top of rotating shaft I (91) by engaged gears, and rubber strip is connected to rotating shaft II (92), steering spindle (93) on pendulum material motor (94).

Claims (4)

1. the automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks, it is characterized in that, production line is by cutting machine (1), machine for removing bur (2), cleaning machine (3), dries alignment sterilization machine (4), screening installation (5), outer circle processor (6) and pyrograph machine (7) composition, connected by conveyer belt between every grade of machine;
Described cutting machine (1) mainly comprises promptly pawl (8), saw blade (9), worm screw (10), guide rail (11), mair motor (12), propulsion electric machine (13), discharging opening (14), outer containment vessel (15), the bracket (16) of the promptly pawl of described cutting machine, through guide rail, the bracket (16) of promptly pawl simultaneously has a hole catering to worm thread by worm screw (10); Described worm screw (10) one end connects the front end that propulsion electric machine (13) is fixed on equipment, and the other end is fixed on the rear end of equipment by worm screw bracket (17); Rotating shaft (18) is by after saw blade (9), and two ends are through outer containment vessel (15), and be connected with mair motor (5) with belt, equipment rear end is provided with a discharging opening (14);
The feed bin I (19) of described machine for removing bur (2) connects sub-material wheel I (20), the upper deburring wheel (22) that upper slide guide post (21) is related and lower deburring wheel (23) composition pipeline side, sub-material wheel I (20) is positioned at slide guide post (21) top, the lower related upper deburring wheel of slide guide post (24) (22) and lower deburring wheel (23) form pipeline opposite side, and the distance between pipeline both sides is the size of single material to be processed; Pipeline and ground inclination angle are 40 °; Described upper deburring wheel (22) and the groove of lower deburring wheel (23) do not contact upper slide guide rail post (21) and lower slide guide rail post (24);
Described oven dry alignment sterilization machine (4) mainly comprises microwave tunnel (25), automatic material arranging machine (26), conveyer belt I (27), band plate, main frame (29), main frame (29) is rotated by belt drive conveyer belt I (27), fluted on the band plate of conveyer belt I (27), conveyer belt I (27) is provided with microwave tunnel (25), is fixed with automatic material arranging machine (26) at the low order end of conveyer belt I (27); Described microwave tunnel (25) is that the micro-wave oven (33) communicated by three centres is formed by connecting, have to suppress between microwave tunnel (25) inside and conveyer belt I (27) and take turns (30) and TVS (31), conveyer belt I (27) surface at microwave tunnel (25) two ends is fixed with pinch roller (32), there is a steam vents (34) microwave tunnel (25) central upper portion position, there is control button in each micro-wave oven (33) front, and the power bracket of every platform micro-wave oven is 500w-1500w; Described conveyer belt I (27) has the groove along direction of transfer longitudinal direction, groove depth 0.8-1cm, wide 0.5-0.8cm, tape is spliced by polylith band plate, and junction is arcuate slots;
Described screening installation (5) is by separator (35), transmit steel tank (36), sub-material wheel II (37), feed bin II (38), active roller station (40), auxiliary support roller (41) composition, wherein two sub-material wheels II (37) pass and are fixed on feed bin II (38) discharging opening, be connected with the motor on feed bin II (38) respectively with two belts, three separators (35) stride across transmits steel tank (36), be fixed on main frame edge, active roller station (40) is walked around in transmission steel tank (36) and auxiliary support roller (41) docks afterwards, and it is contactless with main frame edge to transmit steel tank (36), under separator (35), dynamic air cylinder (42) is fixed on cylinder supporting plate (43), cylinder supporting plate (43) is fixed on two crossbeams (44), piston rod (45) is connected with lower dynamic connecting plate (46) by cylinder supporting plate (43), lower dynamic connecting plate (46) is fixedly connected with bottom plate (48) by four symmetrical steel poles (47), separation wheel (53) is fixed on two blocks of symmetrical steel plates (50) by main shaft (49), two block plates (50) are welded on bottom plate (48), sorting motor (51) is fixed on the side of separator (35), be connected with the main shaft (49) of separation wheel by motor belt (52), four pillars (54) are fixed on main frame edge through bottom plate (48), pillar (54) part between bottom plate (48) and main frame is overlapped and is had spring II (55), and crossbeam (44) hold-down nut (56) and sorting standard adjustment nut are fixed (57),
The sand ribbon (58) of described outer circle processor (6) connects regulating wheel (59), driving wheel (60), jockey pulley (61) composition sand ribbon milling drum, with set screw (62) on regulating wheel, driving wheel (60) is connected with mair motor (64) by driving belt (63), and retainer plate (65) is positioned at the centre of driving wheel (60) and guide wheel (66); Rail (67) is upper covers driving-belt II (68), and guide wheel (66) is fixed on driving-belt II (68) by guide wheel bracket (69), and its axle center is concordant with driving wheel (60) axle center; Guide wheel motor (70) connects biography lever linkage frame (71) and is connected with cam ring drive link (73) together with spring II (72), cam ring (74) and external cam (75) are connected to cam ring drive link (73) other end, and cam ring (74) and external cam (75) are operated by cam motor (101); Feed bin III (102), the wheel (83) that gets stuck, blanking wheel (76), feed opening (103), blanking plate (77), cutting plate (81) composition feeding port, blanking wheel (76) connect blanking plate (77) by interlock cingulum (78) and linked gear (79) and sub-material take turns III (80) and cutting plate (81) be connected in (82) in side supports mutually, the wheel (83) that gets stuck is positioned at centre.
2. a kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the promptly pawl (8) of described cutting machine (1) has adjacent three groups, and often group has two promptly pawls (8); Described saw blade (9) has three of equidistant symmetry; Often organizing two saw blades (9) firmly grasping pawl (8) and locus symmetry in three groups is that microgap is discontiguous; Wherein each firmly grasps pawl (8) has two grippers (84) to be connected by connecting axle (85), one of them gripper (84) circular arc portion connects a length with little spring (86) and is greater than the compression pawl (87) that gripper 2/3rds is less than a times, main shaft is provided with two hydraulic stems (88), and head contacts with two grippers (84) respectively; Worm gear (89) is connected on the bracket (16) of promptly pawl by connecting rod (90).
3. a kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the automatic material arranging machine (26) of described oven dry alignment sterilization machine (4) comprises rotating shaft I (91), rotating shaft II (92), deflecting roller (93), pendulum material motor (94), slide rail (95), slide rail fixed cover (39), hopper (96), sliding rail rack (97), pneumatic motor (98), air-leg (99), sliding rail rack (97) is welded on conveyer belt I (27) both sides, article two, slide rail (95) is fixed on (97) on sliding rail rack, slide rail fixed cover (39) is welded on hopper (96) both sides, slide rail (95) is through slide rail fixed cover (39), one end of sliding rail rack (97) is provided with an inductor (100), the rotating shaft I (91) that hopper (96) bottom is arranged, rotating shaft II (92) and deflecting roller (93) are driven by the pendulum material motor (94) of hopper (96) rear end, air-leg (99) is together with the center weld of hopper (96) rear end, air-leg (99) below is connected with pneumatic motor (98), described rotating shaft I (91) and rotating shaft II (92) are put side by side in hopper (96) bottom, direction is consistent with conveyer belt I (91) direction, there is the space of 0.5-0.8cm centre, steering spindle (93) is positioned at the top of rotating shaft I (91), the two is by gears meshing, and rubber strip is connected to rotating shaft II (92), steering spindle (93) on pendulum material motor (94).
4. a kind of automatic production line utilizing plants shoots to process chopsticks according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top of the retainer plate (65) of described outer circle processor (6) is inclined-plane, width 4.5mm, angle 42 °, lower than the axis of driving wheel (60) and guide wheel (66); The differential seat angle got stuck between wheel (83) and blanking wheel (76) 180 °, the spacing got stuck between wheel (83) and blanking wheel (76) is single material width to be processed.
CN201310105957.8A 2013-03-29 2013-03-29 Fully-automatic production line of manufacturing chopsticks by using plant branches CN103273549B (en)

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