CN103266445B - A kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine - Google Patents

A kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103266445B
CN103266445B CN201310164971.5A CN201310164971A CN103266445B CN 103266445 B CN103266445 B CN 103266445B CN 201310164971 A CN201310164971 A CN 201310164971A CN 103266445 B CN103266445 B CN 103266445B
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China
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cylinder
cleaning solution
washing
barrel
clothing
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CN103266445A (en
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王晔
许升
赵志强
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine, the clothing that this method makes to be in rotatable inner cylinder is rotated together with inner cylinder, it is close to the inner wall of inner cylinder under the influence of centrifugal force, cleaning solution is constantly from spilling to clothing on the axial duct of inner cylinder inside center, clothing is penetrated under the influence of centrifugal force and takes away spot, realize the washing to clothing, reduce wear of clothes;In washing process, the liquid level of cleaning solution is set to be consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder.High-speed rotating inner cylinder impact cleaning solution is avoided to produce the sharp increase splashed with washing foam using the washing machine of the method;Water resource is saved at the same time, reduces resistance of the cleaning solution to high-speed rotating inner cylinder, is reduced power consumption, is made washing evenly, more totally.

Description

A kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to washing machine field, more particularly to the washing machine of a kind of centrifuge washing method and application this method.
Background technology
Influence the physics chemical actions because being known as detergent and water of laundry washing effects, mechanical force, wash temperature and wash Wash time etc..Detergent has the effects such as wetting, emulsification, scattered, foam, solubilising, is played in terms of to dirt decomposition important Effect, mechanical force for improve detersive efficiency and save the time occupy critical positions, especially for drive away detergent in clothing On residual and the washing process that carries out.
Either hand washing or machine washing, what the basic principle of decontamination was just as, that is, washings leaching For bubble in cleaning solution, the dirt on washings is washed liquid moistening, solubilising, expansion, emulsification, scattered, largely reducing dirt with Combination power between fiber, making to be attached to fiber surface and being deep into the dirt of fibrous inside becomes easily scattered and departs from.For Permeate and dirt must then be extruded from fiber hole by means of the effect of mechanical force in the intrapore dirt of washings fiber Come.Therefore the basic principle of laundry is dirt is departed from the process of clothing by external force effect, its key is cleaning solution in clothing Continuous " suction " and " extrusion " in thing.
In order to realize the washing function being based under " squeeze and inhale " principle, cleaning solution is realized in intrastitial disengaging circulation, so that Spot constantly is washed away out.The prior art will centrifuge principle be generalized to washing machine in the washing of clothing, create from Heart washing machine.
Centrifugal washing machine throws away the cleaning solution in clothing using centrifugal force caused by the rotation of roller and clothing, and Cleaning solution continuously squeezes into centre of the drum by roller lower part pump, sends forth on clothing, so as to form cleaning solution constantly through clothing Centrifuge cycle, effectively realizes in washing principle the process of " squeeze and inhale ".
Existing literature discloses a kind of dialysis washing device of roller washing machine, it is increased in existing tumbling-box washing machine Add a circulated sprinkling system, make the sprinkle of cleaning solution continuous uniform above the washings in inner cylinder, turned at a high speed using inner cylinder Dynamic centrifugal force, cleaning solution penetrate washings, give the dirt in washing fibres.Cleaning solution is by interior in the wash mill Can be in outer barrel congregate after being flowed out in cylinder, when washing machine works, the water level in outer barrel is higher than inner cylinder lowest point, causes it to deposit In the following defect:
1st, in inner cylinder rotation washing at a high speed, the water higher than inner cylinder lowest point produces larger resistance to rotating inner cylinder, makes Into unnecessary energy waste;
2nd, high-speed rotating inner cylinder impact cleaning solution can produce the splashing of water and the sharp increase of washing foam;
3rd, below cleaning solution submergence inner cylinder during a part, the current sprayed downwards are directly entered cleaning solution, will not enter clothing Thing, can not take away clothes stains under the action of the centrifugal force.
The content of the invention
Present invention solves the technical problem that it is:For above-mentioned technical problem, there is provided a kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine, The liquid level in the washing machine course of work in outer barrel is consistently lower than inner tank of washing machine lowest point, improve washing efficiency, save the energy.
For this purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of centrifuge washing method, including:
The clothing for making to be in rotatable inner cylinder is rotated together with inner cylinder, and clothing is close to inner cylinder under the influence of centrifugal force Inner wall;
When clothing and inner cylinder rotate together with, cleaning solution is washed under the influence of centrifugal force from being sprayed to clothing inside inner cylinder Wash liquid to penetrate clothing and take away spot, by circulating the washing realized to clothing;
In washing process, the liquid level of cleaning solution is set to be consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder.
Roller washing machine carries cleaning solution fluid level control device, and the washing in outer barrel is controlled by the fluid level control device Liquid liquid level, makes cleaning solution liquid level be consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder.
Further, the cleaning solution fluid level control device includes an overflow port, and the overflow port is arranged on outer barrel, it is pushed up Portion's opening is not higher than inner cylinder lowest point, and the overflow port connects fluid reservoir, when the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel is higher than overflow port top During portion's opening, then cleaning solution flows to fluid reservoir by overflow port, cleaning solution liquid level in outer barrel is kept to overflow open height, realizes outer The liquid level of cleaning solution is consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder in cylinder.
Alternatively, the cleaning solution fluid level control device includes outer barrel liquid level sensor, draining pump, draining pump Controller and drain valve, the draining pump are divided into two-way, and run in water valve all the way, connects fluid reservoir all the way, when outer barrel level sensing When device detects that the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel is higher than inner cylinder lowest point, then coupled draining pump controller controls drain valve Close, and start draining pump, the cleaning solution for being higher by inner cylinder lowest point is introduced into fluid reservoir, realize that the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel begins It is less than the lowest point of inner cylinder eventually.
Further, the fluid reservoir is connected with circulating pump, and the circulating pump water outlet connects water injector, and cleaning solution can Circulation washing is realized by circulating pump.
Particularly, the water injector along the central axial setting of inner barrel of washing and is stretched into inner cylinder, its front end is closed, along axis Many hole for water sprayings are provided with to pipeline, in the case where circulating pumping action, washings stream is sprayed by hole for water spraying, is formed into inner cylinder The a plurality of injection water of wall.
Preferably, rotating speed of the inner cylinder in washing process is more than 400 revs/min.
Preferably, the inner cylinder is alternately rotated in washing for single direction rotation or both direction.
A kind of roller washing machine, including outer barrel and rotatable inner cylinder are provided at the same time, it uses above-mentioned centrifuge washing side Method.
As further preferred solution, which is additionally provided with drying system, for the clothes drying that will have been washed.It is logical Cross to high temperature gas flow is passed through in inner cylinder, high temperature gas flow, which flows through, needs drying clothes surface to take away moisture, makes clothing rapid draing.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:Centrifugal washing machine clothing during laundry is rotated with one superhigh speed of inner cylinder, and It is close to inner cylinder inner wall, cleaning solution constantly from spilling to clothing on the axial duct of inner cylinder inside center, is worn under the influence of centrifugal force Saturating clothing simultaneously takes away spot, realizes the washing to clothing, reduces abrasion.Cleaning solution liquid level is less than high-speed rotating in washing process Inner cylinder lowest point, avoids high-speed rotating inner cylinder impact cleaning solution from producing the sharp increase splashed with washing foam;Water money is saved at the same time Source, reduces resistance of the cleaning solution to high-speed rotating inner cylinder, reduces power consumption, makes washing evenly, more totally.
Brief description of the drawings
The present invention is described in further detail below according to drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of centrifugal drum washing machine described in embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the water spraying structure enlarged drawing of centrifugal drum washing machine described in embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the cleaning solution fluid level control device structure diagram of washing machine described in embodiment;
Fig. 4 is another applicable cleaning solution fluid level control device structure diagram.
In Fig. 1~3:
101st, shell;102nd, outer barrel;103rd, inner cylinder;104th, aperture;105th, rotation axis;106th, belt;107th, motor is driven; 108th, water pipe;109th, gland seal device;110th, hole for water spraying;111st, circulating pump;112nd, water tank;113rd, window;114th, spray Water installations;115th, draining pump;
201st, overflow port;202nd, drain valve.
Embodiment
Further illustrate technical scheme below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of a kind of centrifugal drum using centrifuge washing method of the present invention is given to do washing Machine, including shell 101, the cylindric outer barrel 102 for being filled with water, are provided with a rotatable cylindric inner cylinder in outer barrel 102 103, regularly arranged aperture 104 is offered on the side wall of inner cylinder 103.Inner cylinder 103 and outer barrel 102 into horizontal coaxially arranged, Rotation axis 105 is fixedly connected with the inner cylinder 103, the rotation axis 105 passes through the center of outer barrel 102, its external part passes through The connection driving motor 107 of belt 106.
The rotation axis 105 is hollow-core construction, it is internally provided with water injector 114, and the water injector 114 includes setting Put in the motionless water pipe 108 of 105 internal stationary of rotation axis, the water pipe 108 is extended in inner cylinder 103, positioned at interior One end in cylinder 103 is vacantly set, and the axial length that the water pipe 108 is extended in inner cylinder 103 is not higher than the inner cylinder 103 axial length, the rotation axis 105 and 108 junction of water pipe are provided with gland seal device 109, in inner cylinder 103 One end that water pipe 108 is vacantly set is enclosed construction, and the water pipe 108 is located in inner cylinder 103 on the side wall of part Hole for water spraying 110 is provided with, the water injector 114 connects the water outlet of circulating pump 111 by circulation line.
Cleaning solution fluid level control device is provided with the washing machine, bag, which is arranged on outer barrel 102, is less than the inner cylinder The overflow port 201 of 103 lowest point, the overflow port 201 connect a liquid reserve tank 112, when the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel 102 is high When the position of overflow port 201, then cleaning solution is flowed in water tank 112 by overflow port 201, makes cleaning solution liquid level in outer barrel 102 It is down to below the position of overflow port 201, realizes that the liquid level of the cleaning solution in outer barrel 102 is consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder 103, institute The water inlet that water tank 112 connects circulating pump 111 is stated, enters the cleaning solution in water tank 112, then by circulating pump 111 again It is driven into water injector 114 and jet cleaning is carried out to clothing.By the cleaning solution fluid level control device, make liquid level in washing low In high-speed rotating inner cylinder lowest point, high-speed rotating inner cylinder impact cleaning solution is avoided to produce the sharp increase splashed with washing foam; Water resource is saved at the same time, reduces resistance of the cleaning solution to high-speed rotating inner cylinder, is reduced power consumption, is made washing evenly, it is more dry Only.
Window 113 is provided with the outer barrel 102, sealing is provided between the window 113 and the outer barrel 102 Window pad, 102 bottom of outer barrel are additionally provided with draining pump 115, the draining for outer barrel.
The centrifugal drum washing machine when washing work, driving motor 107 by belt 106 drive rotation axis 105 with it is interior Cylinder 103 carries out high speed rotations, and the clothing in inner cylinder 103 is with inner cylinder 103 together with not less than 400 revs/min rotations, circulating pump 111 Cleaning solution is squeezed into through in the water pipe 108 in 105 axle center of rotation axis, cleaning solution on 108 side wall of water pipe by setting Hole for water spraying 110 spray enter clothing, when cleaning solution is in clothing due to clothing with 103 1 superhigh speed of inner cylinder rotation generation from Mental and physical efforts get rid of cleaning solution to 103 inner wall of inner cylinder, and the aperture 104 by being set on 103 inner wall of inner cylinder is entered in outer barrel 102.Into Enter the bottom that the cleaning solution after outer barrel 102 collects in outer barrel 103 under gravity, be higher by the cleaning solution warp of overflow port 201 Overflow port flows to fluid reservoir 112, then squeezes into water pipe 108 by circulating pump 111 and carry out jet cleaning to clothing.
In addition, the washing machine is additionally provided with drying system, for the clothes drying that will have been washed.
Another implementation as cleaning solution fluid level control device is as shown in figure 4, including outer barrel liquid level sensor, row Water pump 115, draining pump controller and drain valve 202, the draining pump 115 divide for two-way, and run in water valve 202 all the way, connects all the way Fluid reservoir 112 is connect, when outer barrel liquid level sensor detects that the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel 102 is higher than 103 lowest point of inner cylinder, then Coupled draining pump controller control drain valve 202 is closed, and starts draining pump 115, will be higher by 103 lowest point of inner cylinder Cleaning solution introduces fluid reservoir 112, realizes that the liquid level of the cleaning solution in outer barrel 101 is consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder 103.Equally , the water tank 112 connects the water inlet of circulating pump 111, enters the cleaning solution in water tank 112 again by circulating pump 111 It is driven into water injector 114, jet cleaning is carried out to clothing.
It is to be understood that above-mentioned embodiment is only that presently preferred embodiments of the present invention and institute's application technology are former Reason, in technical scope disclosed in this invention, change that any one skilled in the art is readily apparent that or Replace, should all cover within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

  1. A kind of 1. centrifuge washing method, it is characterised in that including:
    The clothing for making to be in rotatable inner cylinder is rotated together with inner cylinder, and clothing is close to the interior of inner cylinder under the influence of centrifugal force Wall;
    When clothing and inner cylinder rotate together with, cleaning solution to clothing from spraying inside inner cylinder, cleaning solution under the influence of centrifugal force Penetrate clothing and take away spot, by circulating the washing realized to clothing;
    In washing process, the liquid level of cleaning solution is set to be consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder;Roller washing machine carries cleaning solution Fluid level control device, controls the cleaning solution liquid level in outer barrel by the fluid level control device, makes cleaning solution liquid level The consistently lower than lowest point of inner cylinder;
    The cleaning solution fluid level control device includes an overflow port, and the overflow port is arranged on outer barrel, its open top is not higher than Inner cylinder lowest point, the overflow port connect fluid reservoir, when the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel is higher than overflow port open top, then wash Wash liquid and fluid reservoir is flowed to by overflow port, cleaning solution liquid level in outer barrel is kept to overflow open height, realize cleaning solution in outer barrel Liquid level is consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder;
    Alternatively, the cleaning solution fluid level control device includes outer barrel liquid level sensor, draining pump, draining pump controller and draining Valve, the draining pump are divided into two-way, and run in water valve all the way, connects fluid reservoir all the way, when outer barrel liquid level sensor detects outer barrel When the liquid level of middle cleaning solution is higher than inner cylinder lowest point, then coupled draining pump controller control drain valve closes and starts row The raised area cleaning solution is introduced fluid reservoir by water pump, realizes that the liquid level of cleaning solution in outer barrel is consistently lower than the lowest point of inner cylinder.
  2. 2. centrifuge washing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fluid reservoir is connected with circulating pump, described Circulating pump water outlet connects water injector, and cleaning solution can realize circulation washing by circulating pump.
  3. 3. centrifuge washing method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the water injector is along inner barrel of washing central shaft To setting and stretching into inner cylinder, its front end is closed, is provided with many hole for water sprayings on pipeline vertically, in the case where circulating pumping action, washes Wash current to spray by hole for water spraying, formed to a plurality of injection water of inner cylinder inner wall.
  4. 4. centrifuge washing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that rotating speed of the inner cylinder in washing process is big In 400 revs/min.
  5. 5. centrifuge washing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the inner cylinder is revolved in washing for single direction Turn or both direction is alternately rotated.
  6. 6. a kind of roller washing machine, including outer barrel and rotatable inner cylinder, it is characterised in that using as claimed in claim 1 Centrifuge washing method.
  7. 7. roller washing machine according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the washing machine is additionally provided with drying system, for inciting somebody to action The clothes drying washed.
CN201310164971.5A 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 A kind of centrifuge washing method and washing machine Active CN103266445B (en)

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105088623B (en) * 2014-05-06 2019-08-09 青岛海尔滚筒洗衣机有限公司 A kind of control method for drum washing machine and roller washing machine
CN104727054A (en) * 2015-03-30 2015-06-24 魏宏伟 Novel pulse washing machine
CN108797019A (en) * 2017-04-28 2018-11-13 青岛海尔洗衣机有限公司 A kind of discharge structure of washing machine
CN108950996B (en) * 2017-05-18 2021-01-29 奇精机械股份有限公司 Drum washing machine
CN109295650B (en) * 2017-07-25 2021-01-29 奇精机械股份有限公司 Pulsator washing machine
CN111206376A (en) * 2018-11-01 2020-05-29 青岛海尔智能技术研发有限公司 Liquid level detection device and method and washing machine

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1133368A (en) * 1994-12-06 1996-10-16 夏普公司 Roller type washing machine and drier
EP0778367A1 (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-11 ELECTROLUX ZANUSSI ELETTRODOMESTICI S.p.A. Clothes washing machine with rinsing cycles using small amounts of water
CN1207427A (en) * 1998-04-14 1999-02-10 李世维 Drum washer and dryer

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3388410A (en) * 1967-09-11 1968-06-18 Donald E. Marshall Cleaning apparatus and method

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1133368A (en) * 1994-12-06 1996-10-16 夏普公司 Roller type washing machine and drier
EP0778367A1 (en) * 1995-12-06 1997-06-11 ELECTROLUX ZANUSSI ELETTRODOMESTICI S.p.A. Clothes washing machine with rinsing cycles using small amounts of water
CN1207427A (en) * 1998-04-14 1999-02-10 李世维 Drum washer and dryer

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Effective date of registration: 20160530

Address after: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Applicant after: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

Address before: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Applicant before: haier group corporation

Applicant before: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

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Inventor after: Xu Sheng

Inventor after: Zhao Zhiqiang

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