CN103264516B - A kind of press for brick tea - Google Patents

A kind of press for brick tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103264516B
CN103264516B CN201310196005.1A CN201310196005A CN103264516B CN 103264516 B CN103264516 B CN 103264516B CN 201310196005 A CN201310196005 A CN 201310196005A CN 103264516 B CN103264516 B CN 103264516B
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China
Prior art keywords
pressing
chamber
brick tea
charging box
driving
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CN201310196005.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103264516A (en
Inventor
刘真华
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雅安茶厂股份有限公司
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Publication of CN103264516A publication Critical patent/CN103264516A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of press, especially disclose a kind of press for brick tea, belong to tea prepn equipment technical field.There is provided a kind of and can carry out the press for brick tea that production suppressed by brick tea by continuous print.Described press comprises frame, pressing-chamber and the compacting driving mechanism containing pressure head, described pressure head can be moved back and forth along described longitudinal centre line by the driving suppressing driving mechanism in described pressing-chamber, described press also comprises the mechanical loading mechanism be arranged on described pressing-chamber input port and the pretension shaping equipment be arranged on described pressing-chamber delivery outlet, when carrying out the compacting of described brick tea product, the tea raw material of pressed tea brick product first adds in mechanical loading mechanism, and pushed in described pressing-chamber by the pressure head of described compacting driving mechanism and suppress, after described brick tea product is compressing, pretension sizing in described pretension shaping equipment is headed into again by the pressure head of described compacting driving mechanism.

Description

A kind of press for brick tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of press, especially relate to a kind of press for brick tea, belong to tea prepn equipment technical field.
Background technology
In tealeaves compacting brick tea application, the demand of user to the brick tea be pressed into tealeaves constantly increases, relative to brick tea processing industry, the process equipment of single and mini-batch production, market demand can not be met far away, large-scale, high yield, high-quality, quantity-produced large-sized processing equipment, more and more receive the concern of tea machinery industry.
With the basic process principle of tealeaves compacting brick tea equipment be: qualified tealeaves powder and tea raw material are prepared in operation processing in early stage, in mould pressing-chamber, carry out machinery or hydraulic pressure compacting, make it to become the brick tea with definite shape, density.
Domesticly at present the process equipment of brick tea tealeaves press process is become to form primarily of following components successively from top to bottom: compacting oil cylinder a, four post press b, moved cross beam c, pressure head d, compacting die cavity e, ejection cylinder f etc., as shown in Figure 1.As can be seen from the figure, the various equipment of existing compacting brick tea are all the hydraulic machineries of four posts or two posts adopted, and carry out single or double compacting, then adopt mould single stamped to produce.Qualified for ensureing brick tea goods, many cover pressurize moulds must be used, technological processes such as carrying out follow-up pressurize, cool, eliminate stress.Because this mould is comparatively large, by the restriction must undertaken by plant equipment when loading and unloading, cannot carry out continuous, the large-scale production of large scale goods.
Due to the particularity of tealeaves compacting brick tea production and processing, without cooling the tealeaves adobe eliminated stress after namely suppressing, not discharging internal stress, making the product of compacting have resilience.Resilience due to tealeaves can cause the lax of compacted products, the lax change of product design and inside, causes product quality to reduce and even scraps.For ensureing qualified products, must in certain pressure environment, carry out cooling and shaping and eliminate stress, namely need pressurize cooling in compacting die cavity or pressurize die cavity, so just cause the restriction of equipment capacity output, extensive, high-quality, high yield continuous seepage can not be formed.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: providing a kind of can carry out the press for brick tea that production suppressed by brick tea by continuous print.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme be: a kind of press for brick tea, comprise frame, pressing-chamber and the compacting driving mechanism containing pressure head, described pressing-chamber and compacting driving mechanism are arranged in described frame along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head can be moved back and forth along described longitudinal centre line by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism in described pressing-chamber, described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism and pretension shaping equipment, described pressing-chamber at least has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet, described pretension shaping equipment has an input, described mechanical loading arrangement of mechanism is on the input port of described pressing-chamber, described pretension shaping equipment is connected with the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber by described input.
Be further, the square cylindrical shell that described pretension shaping equipment is adapted by a joint shape of cross section for both ends open and the cross sectional shape of downtrodden described brick tea is formed, the length of described square pretension sizing cylindrical shell is not less than the superposition thickness of one piece of compressing brick tea adobe, and the input of described pretension shaping equipment is an open end of described square cylindrical shell.
The preferred embodiment of such scheme is, the length and width size of described square pretension sizing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber cross section.
Further, the described mechanical loading mechanism charging box driving mechanism that comprises charging box and be connected with described charging box; When carrying out the interpolation of tea raw material, described charging box is positioned at beyond the input port of described pressing-chamber, after tea raw material adds, then is moved on the input port of described pressing-chamber by described charging box driving mechanism.
The preferred embodiment of such scheme is, described charging box is the two-way charging box structure be made up of two casings, and two the reinforced casings forming described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism; Described two the reinforced casings be linked in sequence along in the reciprocating process of described driving direction, move to respectively on the input port of described pressing-chamber under described charging box driving mechanism drives.
Further, described charging box driving mechanism comprises hydraulic drive cylinder and limiting and guiding device, and described charging box moves in the process of the input port of described pressing-chamber under described hydraulic drive cylinder effect, the spacing and guiding by described limiting and guiding device.
Be further, described limiting and guiding device comprises guide wheel and convex guide rail, described guide wheel is arranged on described charging box, described convex guide rail is arranged in described frame, and described limiting and guiding device is carried out spacing and leads with coordinating of described convex guide rail to the institute's charging box in movement by described guide wheel.
Further, be also furnished with movable blank dividing plate at the input port place of described pressing-chamber, in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in pretension shaping equipment with brick tea, adjacent two pieces brick tea adobe is separated.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: because described press is not only containing organic frame, pressing-chamber and the compacting driving mechanism containing pressure head, but also comprise the mechanical loading mechanism be arranged on described pressing-chamber input port and the pretension shaping equipment be arranged on described pressing-chamber delivery outlet.Like this, in the pressing process of carrying out described brick tea, not only can the tea raw material of pressed tea brick product first be added in mechanical loading mechanism, and pushed in described pressing-chamber by the pressure head of described compacting driving mechanism and suppress, but also can under the effect of described compacting driving mechanism, pretension sizing is carried out in pretension shaping equipment described in brick tea adobe compressing in described pressing-chamber being sent into, thus the compacting of brick tea production can be carried out by continuous print, and all need to carry out artificial handling pressing-chamber after not needing often to suppress one piece of brick tea blank as prior art.And then not only reduce production cost, but also improve production efficiency greatly, meanwhile, can also ensure brick tea just base can not lose efficacy because of resilience subscription rate prerequisite under, the compacting that continuous print carries out described brick tea adobe is produced.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of brick tea press in prior art of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of a kind of press for brick tea of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the I portion zoomed-in view of Fig. 2.
Be labeled as in figure: frame 1, pressing-chamber 2, compacting driving mechanism 3, pressure head 4, pretension shaping equipment 5, charging box 7, charging box driving mechanism 8, mechanical loading mechanism 9, hydraulic drive cylinder 10, limiting and guiding device 11, guide wheel 12, convex guide rail 13.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 be provided by the invention a kind of can continuous print carry out brick tea compacting produce the press for brick tea.Described press comprises frame 1, pressing-chamber 2 and the compacting driving mechanism 3 containing pressure head 4, described pressing-chamber 2 and compacting driving mechanism 3 are arranged in described frame 1 along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head 4 can be moved back and forth along described longitudinal centre line by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism 3 in described pressing-chamber 2, described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism 9 and pretension shaping equipment 5, described pressing-chamber 2 at least has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet, described pretension shaping equipment 5 has an input, described mechanical loading mechanism 9 is arranged on the input port of described pressing-chamber 2, described pretension shaping equipment 5 is connected with the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber 2 by described input.Because described press is not only containing organic frame 1, pressing-chamber 2 and the compacting driving mechanism 3 containing pressure head 4, but also comprise the mechanical loading mechanism 9 be arranged on described pressing-chamber 2 input port and the pretension shaping equipment 5 be arranged on described pressing-chamber 2 delivery outlet.Like this, in the pressing process of carrying out described brick tea, not only can the tea raw material of pressed tea brick product first be added in mechanical loading mechanism 9, and push compacting in described pressing-chamber 2 by the pressure head 4 of described compacting driving mechanism 3, but also can under the effect of described compacting driving mechanism 3, pretension sizing is carried out in pretension shaping equipment 5 described in brick tea adobe compressing in described pressing-chamber 2 being sent into, thus the compacting of brick tea production continuous print is carried out, and all need to carry out artificial handling pressing-chamber after not needing often to suppress one piece of brick tea blank as prior art.And then not only reduce production cost, improve production efficiency, but also can ensure brick tea just base can not lose efficacy because of resilience subscription rate prerequisite under, the compacting that continuous print carries out described brick tea adobe is produced.
In above-mentioned embodiment, in order to the pretension fixed effect of pretension shaping equipment 5 to just molded brick tea adobe can be ensured, being convenient to again described brick tea adobe can sequentially enter in described pretension shaping equipment 5, the square cylindrical shell that described pretension shaping equipment 5 is adapted by a joint shape of cross section for both ends open and the cross sectional shape of downtrodden described brick tea is formed, the length of described square pretension sizing cylindrical shell is not less than the superposition thickness of one piece of compressing brick tea adobe, be generally the superposition thickness of ten pieces of compressing brick tea adobes, the input of described pretension shaping equipment 5 is an open end of described square cylindrical shell, and the length and width size of described square pretension sizing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber 2 cross section.
In order to improve output, meet continuously the production requirement of a large amount of output, the application also improves feeding structure on the basis of existing technology, to enhance productivity.It is improved to described charging box 7 is the two-way charging box structure be made up of two casings, and two the reinforced casings forming described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism 8; Described two the reinforced casings be linked in sequence along in the reciprocating process of described driving direction, move on the input port of described pressing-chamber 2 respectively under described charging box driving mechanism 8 drives; And described charging box driving mechanism 8 comprises hydraulic drive cylinder 10 and limiting and guiding device 11, described charging box 7 moves in the process of the input port of described pressing-chamber 2 under described hydraulic drive cylinder 10 acts on, the spacing and guiding by described limiting and guiding device 11; Described limiting and guiding device 11 comprises guide wheel 12 and convex guide rail 13, described guide wheel 12 is arranged on described charging box 7, described convex guide rail 13 is arranged in described frame 1, and described limiting and guiding device 11 is carried out spacing and leads with coordinating of described convex guide rail 13 to the institute's charging box 7 in movement by described guide wheel 12.
Entering the brick tea adobe of pretension shaping equipment 5 successively, particularly just enter between the brick tea adobe of pretension shaping equipment 5 and adjacent brick tea adobe and be easy to affect end face quality owing to mutually disturbing, in order to eliminate this impact, movable blank dividing plate is also furnished with at the input port place of described pressing-chamber 2, in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in pretension shaping equipment 5 with brick tea, adjacent two pieces brick tea adobe is separated.

Claims (6)

1. the press for brick tea, comprise frame (1), pressing-chamber (2) and the compacting driving mechanism (3) containing pressure head (4), described pressing-chamber (2) and compacting driving mechanism (3) are arranged in described frame (1) along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head (4) can be moved back and forth along described longitudinal centre line by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism (3) in described pressing-chamber (2), it is characterized in that: described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism (9) and pretension shaping equipment (5), described pressing-chamber (2) at least has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet, described pretension shaping equipment (5) has an input, described mechanical loading mechanism (9) is arranged on the input port of described pressing-chamber (2), described pretension shaping equipment (5) is connected by the delivery outlet of described input with described pressing-chamber (2), the charging box driving mechanism (8) that described mechanical loading mechanism (9) comprises charging box (7) and is connected with described charging box (7), when carrying out the interpolation of tea raw material, described charging box (7) is positioned at beyond the input port of described pressing-chamber (2), after tea raw material adds, then move on the input port of described pressing-chamber (2) by described charging box driving mechanism (8), described charging box (7) is the two-way charging box structure be made up of two casings, and two the reinforced casings forming described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism (8), described two the reinforced casings be linked in sequence along in the reciprocating process of described driving direction, move to respectively on the input port of described pressing-chamber (2) under described charging box driving mechanism (8) drives.
2. a kind of press for brick tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the square cylindrical shell that described pretension shaping equipment (5) is adapted by a joint shape of cross section for both ends open and the cross sectional shape of downtrodden described brick tea is formed, the length of square pretension sizing cylindrical shell is not less than the superposition thickness of one piece of compressing brick tea adobe, and the input of described pretension shaping equipment (5) is an open end of described square cylindrical shell.
3. a kind of press for brick tea according to claim 2, is characterized in that: the length and width size of described square pretension sizing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber (2) cross section.
4. a kind of press for brick tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described charging box driving mechanism (8) comprises hydraulic drive cylinder (10) and limiting and guiding device (11), described charging box (7) moves in the process of the input port of described pressing-chamber (2) under described hydraulic drive cylinder (10) effect, the spacing and guiding by described limiting and guiding device (11).
5. a kind of press for brick tea according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described limiting and guiding device (11) comprises guide wheel (12) and convex guide rail (13), described guide wheel (12) is arranged on described charging box (7), described convex guide rail (13) is arranged in described frame (1), and described limiting and guiding device (11) is carried out spacing and leads with coordinating of described convex guide rail (13) to the described charging box (7) in movement by described guide wheel (12).
6. a kind of press for brick tea according to claim 1,2,3,4 or 5, it is characterized in that: be also furnished with movable blank dividing plate at the input port place of described pressing-chamber (2), in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in pretension shaping equipment with brick tea, adjacent two pieces brick tea adobe is separated.
CN201310196005.1A 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of press for brick tea CN103264516B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN103264516B true CN103264516B (en) 2015-11-18

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2053437U (en) * 1989-06-01 1990-02-28 四川省农业机械研究所 Tea blocking device
CN2088476U (en) * 1990-07-01 1991-11-13 山东省菏泽地区工业经济技术研究中心 Automatic forming machine for lump pressing of powdered materials
CN2365874Y (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-03-01 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Hay baling press
CN101979245A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-02-23 西安交通大学 Single punch tablet press
CN102248589A (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-11-23 上海隽献精密设备有限公司 Automatic carbon brush forming machine capable of improving uniformity of structures of carbon brushes
CN202618182U (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-12-26 湖南省临湘永巨茶业有限公司 Through upper-pressing lower-discharging tea block mould capable of producing a plurality of blocks once
CN203305539U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-11-27 四川省雅安茶厂有限公司 Pressing machine for brick tea

Family Cites Families (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP1561385A1 (en) * 2004-02-03 2005-08-10 Incomec-Cerex Production of expanded food crackers
JP2006142327A (en) * 2004-11-18 2006-06-08 Sasaki Corporation Compression molding machine

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2053437U (en) * 1989-06-01 1990-02-28 四川省农业机械研究所 Tea blocking device
CN2088476U (en) * 1990-07-01 1991-11-13 山东省菏泽地区工业经济技术研究中心 Automatic forming machine for lump pressing of powdered materials
CN2365874Y (en) * 1998-09-29 2000-03-01 黑龙江省农业机械工程科学研究院 Hay baling press
CN102248589A (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-11-23 上海隽献精密设备有限公司 Automatic carbon brush forming machine capable of improving uniformity of structures of carbon brushes
CN101979245A (en) * 2010-10-14 2011-02-23 西安交通大学 Single punch tablet press
CN202618182U (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-12-26 湖南省临湘永巨茶业有限公司 Through upper-pressing lower-discharging tea block mould capable of producing a plurality of blocks once
CN203305539U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-11-27 四川省雅安茶厂有限公司 Pressing machine for brick tea

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Address after: 625000, 1 agricultural park, Daxing Town, Yucheng District, Sichuan, Ya'an

Applicant after: Ya An Tea Factory Co., Ltd.

Address before: 625000, Ya'an agriculture hi tech ecological park, No. 1, Sichuan

Applicant before: Sichuan Ya'an Tea Factory Co., Ltd.

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