CN103264284A - Drilling machine - Google Patents

Drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103264284A
CN103264284A CN 201310184027 CN201310184027A CN103264284A CN 103264284 A CN103264284 A CN 103264284A CN 201310184027 CN201310184027 CN 201310184027 CN 201310184027 A CN201310184027 A CN 201310184027A CN 103264284 A CN103264284 A CN 103264284A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
lifting cover
tapping
drilling
hole
frame
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201310184027
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
项星星
Original Assignee
项星星
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 项星星 filed Critical 项星星
Priority to CN 201310184027 priority Critical patent/CN103264284A/en
Publication of CN103264284A publication Critical patent/CN103264284A/en

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Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of machining equipment and particularly relates to a drilling machine. A four-station rotating plate and a hydraulic system which drives the four-station rotating plate are mounted on a machine frame, every station is provided with a clamping mechanism; the machine frame above the rotating plate is provided with a lifting rack, a tapping system is arranged on the left side of the lifting rack, a drilling system is arranged on the right side of the lifting rack, and one side of the machine frame is provided with a control cabinet which controls the systems and the mechanisms to work orderly. According to the drilling machine, a tapping process and a drilling process can be performed on one machine tool, so that the operation is simpler and the processing time and the manpower resource can be reduced; and meanwhile, the drilling machine is applicable to different screw taps, when a screw tap performs tapping and tapping finishing, the amount of the axial movement of a lifting sleeve and a connection shaft automatically compensates the difference between the axial feeding amount of the connection shaft and the pitch of the screw tap. Therefore, the drilling machine is easy to use, safe, reliable, high in work efficiency and good in tapping effects and can effectively avoid screw damage and screw tap breaking.

Description

A kind of drilling machine
Technical field
The invention belongs to the machining equipment technical field, refer in particular to a kind of drilling machine.
Background technology
At present, in the prior art, enterprise often runs into boring and the tapping processing that need finish a workpiece, yet conventional machining often needs just can achieve the goal through two equipment.So not only reduced production efficiency, and when holing simultaneously and during tapping at the diverse location of a workpiece, also there is the not accurate enough problem in location in it, thereby is difficult to guarantee the machining accuracy of part, and working (machining) efficiency is also extremely low and increased human resources configuration.Though have numerical control machining center also can satisfy processing request on the present lathe market, because it is expensive, machine tool accessories is many, complicated operation, and for the small batch spare and accessory parts of general precision, its cost is too high, and cost of idleness is not calculated economically. 
In the screw tap tapping with when moving back thread, when whenever turning around, main shaft also has certain axial feeding, and the pitch of screw tap should be consistent with this axial feeding, otherwise can cause mashed tooth or screw tap to fracture, therefore, behind the screw tap of changing different size, all need the program of tapping system is adjusted (axial feeding of adjusting power transmission shaft), to adapt to screw tap, this has caused certain puzzlement for the tapping operation, especially during small lot batch manufacture, it is particularly outstanding that this defective seems. 
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple to operately, can carry out by multiple operation high efficiency, safe and reliable drilling machine simultaneously.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of drilling machine, comprise frame, the hydraulic system of four station rotating disks and driving rotating disk is installed in frame, each station is provided with clamping mechanism, on the frame of rotating disk top a crane is installed, crane comprises upper plate, lower shoe and four leads that are arranged on four angles of upper and lower bottom plate and both are fixed as one, lead is located in respectively in four guide pin bushings of frame top, the left side of crane lower shoe is provided with the tapping system, the right side is provided with hole-drilling system, hoist cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top of frame, and the piston rod of hoist cylinder is connected on the crane, and a side of frame is provided with the switch board of the orderly work of each system of control and mechanism;
Described four station rotating disks comprise the chassis and take over a business, take over a business to be arranged on the top on chassis, both connect as one by some root posts, the chassis is provided with described station, the clamping mechanism of station comprises the hydraulic jack that vertically is installed on the chassis, the output shaft of hydraulic jack protrudes upward and fixedlys connected with lifter plate, and the both sides of lifter plate all are contained on the column by bearing holder (housing, cover), and lifter plate is provided with workpiece and settles the position; All sides on chassis are equipped with several hydraulic jack controllers, and the hydraulic jack controller is corresponding one by one with the hydraulic jack of clamping mechanism;
Described tapping system and hole-drilling system include drive motors, main spindle box and multi-shaft device, corresponding, be mounted with drill chuck on the multi-shaft device of hole-drilling system, be mounted with chasing bar on the multi-shaft device of tapping system, chasing bar comprises lifting cover, connecting axle and chuck, the bottom of connecting axle is splined shaft, and splined shaft stretches in the inner chamber of lifting cover and with a block fixedlys connected; Lifting cover and the contact site of splined shaft are corresponding splined shaft sleeve, and the lifting cover is inner, be set with first spring on the connecting axle of block upside, and the upper end of first spring is against the inwall of lifting cover, and the lower end is against the block upper surface; The lower end of lifting cover is installed with chuck, and chuck is used for installing screw tap; Described lifting cover is inner, the block downside is equipped with second spring, and the upper end of second spring is against the downside of block, and the lower end is against the upper surface of chuck; Be provided with upper and lower two through holes on the outer wall of described lifting cover, last through hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block upside of lifting cover, lower through-hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block downside of lifting cover, form the guide groove that is communicated with upper and lower through hole on the outer wall of lifting cover, the bottom of described lifting cover is arranged with sealing shroud, liquid sealing between sealing shroud and the lifting cover, and sealing shroud covers upper and lower through hole and the guide groove of lifting cover, and sealing shroud is held in the upper end of chuck.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared to existing technology is: lathe of the present invention is integrated hole-drilling system and tapping system, boring and tapping procedures can be carried out at same lathe, therefore operation is simpler, process time and human resources have been saved, adding man-hour, the workman only needs workpiece is placed on the rotating disk, and lathe just can be automatically and holed rapidly and tapping processing, therefore can enhance productivity effectively; And the present invention is comparatively accurate to the location of the process of workpiece, has improved machining accuracy and the production efficiency of part;
This device can adapt to different screw taps, after screw tap is changed, do not need the tapping system of loading this device is adjusted, (connecting axle stretches into the length increase of lifting cover, and then this is worth for negative the axial internal clearance of the pitch of the vertical amount of movement=screw tap of power transmission shaft+lifting cover and connecting axle, otherwise then just), a screw tap tapping and when moving back thread, lifting is overlapped stressed and is moved axially with connecting axle, one in two springs launches, another contraction, the axial internal clearance of lifting cover and connecting axle has compensated the axial feeding of connecting axle and the difference of screw tap pitch automatically, it is easy to use, and is safe and reliable, high efficiency, tapping effect is good, and the event that can better avoid the mashed tooth of screw thread or screw tap to fracture takes place;
The design of upper and lower two through holes and guide groove makes the chamber of block upside and the chamber of downside to interconnect, and has avoided the interference of air pressure, simultaneously, can in two chambers certain lubricating oil be set, the more effective raising whole service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is chasing bar schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 2.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used for explanation the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of drilling machine, comprise frame 1, the hydraulic system of four station rotating disks 18 and driving rotating disk is installed in frame 1, evenly be provided with four stations on the rotating disk 18, each station is provided with clamping mechanism 16, a crane is installed on the frame 1 of rotating disk 18 tops, crane comprises upper plate 8, lower shoe 12 and four leads 7 that are arranged on four angles of upper and lower bottom plate and both are fixed as one, lead 7 is located in respectively in four guide pin bushings 4 at frame 1 top, the left side of crane lower shoe 12 is provided with the tapping system, the right side is provided with hole-drilling system, hoist cylinder 5 is fixedly arranged at the top of frame 1, and the piston rod of hoist cylinder 5 is connected on the crane, and a side of frame 1 is provided with the switch board 2 of the orderly work of each system of control and mechanism;
Described four station rotating disks comprise chassis 17 and take over a business 13, take over a business 13 tops that are arranged on chassis 17, both connect as one by some root posts 14, chassis 17 is provided with described station, the clamping mechanism 16 of station comprises the hydraulic jack 162 that vertically is installed on the chassis 17, the output shaft of hydraulic jack 162 protrudes upward and fixedlys connected with lifter plate 161, the both sides of lifter plate 161 are contained on the column 14 by bearing holder (housing, cover) all that (column 14 is connecting chassis 17 and taking over a business the double lead of doing lifter plate 161 in 13, make structure simpler, reliably), lifter plate 161 is provided with the arrangement position of workpiece 15; All sides on chassis 17 are equipped with several hydraulic jack controllers, the hydraulic jack controller is corresponding one by one with the hydraulic jack 162 of clamping mechanism, the lifting of controller control hydraulic jack, the output shaft of hydraulic jack 162 can protrude upward and the workpiece 15 on the lifter plate is held out against at the downside of taking over a business 13, namely finish the clamping of workpiece, take over a business to be provided with for the screw tap of chasing bar and the through hole that the drill bit on the drill chuck passes.
Described tapping system and hole-drilling system include drive motors 9, main spindle box 6 and multi-shaft device 10, corresponding, be mounted with drill chuck 3 on the multi-shaft device of hole-drilling system, be mounted with chasing bar 11 on the multi-shaft device of tapping system,
Chasing bar comprises lifting cover 101, connecting axle 100 and chuck 107, and wherein, torque is from the top input of connecting axle 100, and the bottom of connecting axle 100 is splined shaft 1001, and splined shaft 1001 stretches in the inner chamber of lifting cover and with a block 103 fixedlys connected; Lifting cover and the contact site of splined shaft 1001 are corresponding splined shaft sleeve, lifting is overlapped on the connecting axle 100 of 101 inside, block 103 upsides and is set with first spring 102, the upper end of first spring 102 is against the inwall of lifting cover 101, and the lower end is against block 103 upper surfaces; The lower end of lifting cover 101 is installed with chuck 107, and chuck 107 is used for installing screw tap 108; The downside that upper end that 101 inside, block 103 downsides are equipped with second spring, 104, the second springs 104 is against block 103 is overlapped in described lifting, and the lower end is against the upper surface of chuck 107; Be provided with upper and lower two through holes (1011 on the outer wall of described lifting cover 101,1013), last through hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block upside of lifting cover, lower through-hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block downside of lifting cover, form the guide groove 1012 that is communicated with upper and lower through hole on the outer wall of lifting cover 101, the bottom of described lifting cover 101 is arranged with sealing shroud 105, liquid sealing between sealing shroud 105 and the lifting cover 101, and sealing shroud 105 covers the upper and lower through hole (1011 of lifting cover 101,1013) and guide groove 1012, sealing shroud 105 is held in the upper end of chuck 107.
First spring and second spring all are in its pre-compressed state, when block when lifting cover inner chamber slides up or down, an expansion in two springs, another is compressed.Torque is imported from the upper end of connecting axle, and carries out tapping or move back silk by lifting cover and chuck drive screw tap.
Splined shaft has six with the position that the lifting cover contacts simultaneously, and its fit system makes that the transmission efficiency of moment of torsion is higher, longer service life.This device can adapt to different screw taps, after screw tap is changed, do not need the tapping system of loading this device is adjusted, (connecting axle stretches into the length increase of lifting cover, and then this is worth for negative the axial internal clearance of the pitch of the vertical amount of movement=screw tap of power transmission shaft+lifting cover and connecting axle, otherwise then just), a screw tap tapping and when moving back thread, lifting is overlapped stressed and is moved axially with connecting axle, one in two springs launches, another contraction, the axial internal clearance of lifting cover and connecting axle has compensated the axial feeding of connecting axle and the difference of screw tap pitch automatically, it is easy to use, and is safe and reliable, high efficiency, tapping effect is good, and the event that can better avoid the mashed tooth of screw thread or screw tap to fracture takes place.
Upper and lower two through holes (1011,1013) and the design of guide groove 1012 make the chamber a of block 103 upsides and the chamber b of downside to interconnect, avoided the interference of air pressure, simultaneously, can in two chambers, certain lubricating oil be set, the more effective raising whole service life.
Lathe of the present invention is integrated hole-drilling system and tapping system, boring and tapping procedures can be carried out at same lathe, therefore operation is simpler, process time and human resources have been saved, adaptability is stronger, is adding man-hour, and the workman only needs workpiece is placed on the rotating disk, lathe just can be automatically and is holed rapidly and tapping processing, therefore can enhance productivity effectively; And the present invention is comparatively accurate to the location of the process of workpiece, has improved machining accuracy and the production efficiency of part.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. drilling machine, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, the hydraulic system of four station rotating disks and driving rotating disk is installed in frame, each station is provided with clamping mechanism, on the frame of rotating disk top a crane is installed, crane comprises upper plate, lower shoe and four leads that are arranged on four angles of upper and lower bottom plate and both are fixed as one, lead is located in respectively in four guide pin bushings of frame top, the left side of crane lower shoe is provided with the tapping system, the right side is provided with hole-drilling system, hoist cylinder is fixedly arranged at the top of frame, the piston rod of hoist cylinder is connected on the crane, and a side of frame is provided with the switch board of the orderly work of each system of control and mechanism;
Described four station rotating disks comprise the chassis and take over a business, take over a business to be arranged on the top on chassis, both connect as one by some root posts, the chassis is provided with described station, the clamping mechanism of station comprises the hydraulic jack that vertically is installed on the chassis, the output shaft of hydraulic jack protrudes upward and fixedlys connected with lifter plate, and the both sides of lifter plate all are contained on the column by bearing holder (housing, cover), and lifter plate is provided with workpiece and settles the position; All sides on chassis are equipped with several hydraulic jack controllers, and the hydraulic jack controller is corresponding one by one with the hydraulic jack of clamping mechanism;
Described tapping system and hole-drilling system include drive motors, main spindle box and multi-shaft device, corresponding, be mounted with drill chuck on the multi-shaft device of hole-drilling system, be mounted with chasing bar on the multi-shaft device of tapping system, chasing bar comprises lifting cover, connecting axle and chuck, the bottom of connecting axle is splined shaft, and splined shaft stretches in the inner chamber of lifting cover and with a block fixedlys connected; Lifting cover and the contact site of splined shaft are corresponding splined shaft sleeve, and the lifting cover is inner, be set with first spring on the connecting axle of block upside, and the upper end of first spring is against the inwall of lifting cover, and the lower end is against the block upper surface; The lower end of lifting cover is installed with chuck, and chuck is used for installing screw tap; Described lifting cover is inner, the block downside is equipped with second spring, and the upper end of second spring is against the downside of block, and the lower end is against the upper surface of chuck; Be provided with upper and lower two through holes on the outer wall of described lifting cover, last through hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block upside of lifting cover, lower through-hole is communicated with the inner chamber that is positioned at the block downside of lifting cover, form the guide groove that is communicated with upper and lower through hole on the outer wall of lifting cover, the bottom of described lifting cover is arranged with sealing shroud, liquid sealing between sealing shroud and the lifting cover, and sealing shroud covers upper and lower through hole and the guide groove of lifting cover, and sealing shroud is held in the upper end of chuck.
CN 201310184027 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Drilling machine CN103264284A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201310184027 CN103264284A (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Drilling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201310184027 CN103264284A (en) 2013-05-17 2013-05-17 Drilling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103264284A true CN103264284A (en) 2013-08-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104339167A (en) * 2014-11-01 2015-02-11 李战胜 Automatic multi-shaft perforation and tapping machine
CN104400436A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 太仓圣广仁自动化设备有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104439558A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-25 姚运张 Multi-station tapping machine for filter threaded cover plate
CN105563120A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-11 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Lamp cover tapping processing equipment for LED lamp
CN105563121A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-11 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Control system for tapping and processing lamp covers of LED lamps
CN105598698A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-25 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Multifunctional lamp cover tapping device of LED (Light Emitting Diode) lamp
CN105965264A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-09-28 无锡迅鹏数控设备有限公司 Three-axis rail milling, drilling and tapping machine tool
CN110560730A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-13 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Automobile bearing outer ring drilling and tapping device
CN110842564A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-28 浙江坚迪五金制造有限公司 Drilling and tapping device for lockset
CN111251012A (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-06-09 周云飞 Full-automatic high-efficient drilling equipment of carousel formula car bearing cap
CN111318884A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-23 东莞市飞尧科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for machining two sides

Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104339167A (en) * 2014-11-01 2015-02-11 李战胜 Automatic multi-shaft perforation and tapping machine
CN104400436A (en) * 2014-11-27 2015-03-11 太仓圣广仁自动化设备有限公司 Drilling tapping machine
CN104439558A (en) * 2014-11-29 2015-03-25 姚运张 Multi-station tapping machine for filter threaded cover plate
CN104439558B (en) * 2014-11-29 2017-06-20 姚运张 Thread cover plate for cleaner multi-station tapper
CN105563121A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-11 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Control system for tapping and processing lamp covers of LED lamps
CN105598698A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-25 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Multifunctional lamp cover tapping device of LED (Light Emitting Diode) lamp
CN105563120A (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-05-11 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Lamp cover tapping processing equipment for LED lamp
CN105563120B (en) * 2016-02-02 2018-07-13 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 One kind being used for LED light light cover tapping process equipment
CN105598698B (en) * 2016-02-02 2018-08-28 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 A kind of Multifunctional LED lamp light cover chasing bar
CN105563121B (en) * 2016-02-02 2018-08-31 芜湖市新童游乐设备科技有限公司 One kind being used for LED light light cover tapping control system for processing
CN105965264A (en) * 2016-06-24 2016-09-28 无锡迅鹏数控设备有限公司 Three-axis rail milling, drilling and tapping machine tool
CN110560730A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-13 耐世特凌云驱动系统(芜湖)有限公司 Automobile bearing outer ring drilling and tapping device
CN110842564A (en) * 2019-11-04 2020-02-28 浙江坚迪五金制造有限公司 Drilling and tapping device for lockset
CN111251012A (en) * 2020-03-02 2020-06-09 周云飞 Full-automatic high-efficient drilling equipment of carousel formula car bearing cap
CN111318884A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-23 东莞市飞尧科技有限公司 Drilling and tapping machine for machining two sides

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Application publication date: 20130828