CN103262764A - Multilayer plastic thermal insulation greenhouse and manufacturing method thereof - Google Patents

Multilayer plastic thermal insulation greenhouse and manufacturing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103262764A
CN103262764A CN2013101774433A CN201310177443A CN103262764A CN 103262764 A CN103262764 A CN 103262764A CN 2013101774433 A CN2013101774433 A CN 2013101774433A CN 201310177443 A CN201310177443 A CN 201310177443A CN 103262764 A CN103262764 A CN 103262764A
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China
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film
pressing
booth
pressing tank
crossbeam
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CN2013101774433A
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Chinese (zh)
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马丛
马希祥
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马希祥
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Priority to CN2013101774433A priority Critical patent/CN103262764A/en
Publication of CN103262764A publication Critical patent/CN103262764A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a multilayer plastic thermal insulation greenhouse which comprises a plastic membrane, a greenhouse beam and frame strips. The greenhouse beam is arc-shaped, a cross section of the greenhouse beam is I-shaped, a connection neck, an upper wall and a lower wall are arranged on the greenhouse beam, extending ends are arranged at two ends of the upper wall and/or the lower wall of the greenhouse beam, and the space enclosed by every two extending ends forms a pressing sheet groove. A primary pressing membrane groove and a second pressing membrane groove are arranged on the inner walls of the extending ends and are corrugation-shaped. Protruding necks are arranged in the pressing sheet grooves on the upper wall and/or the pressing sheet grooves on the lower wall, primary pressing membrane grooves and secondary pressing membrane grooves are arranged on two sides of the protruding necks and correspond to the primary pressing membrane grooves and the second pressing membrane grooves on the extending ends. The multilayer plastic thermal insulation greenhouse is simple in structure, convenient to use, less in construction, firm and durable, strong in wind and snow resistance, high in strength, strong in pressure resistance, corrosion resistive, long in service life, easy to install, low in construction cost, good in thermal-insulation and moisturizing effect and capable of replacing a damaged plastic membrane easily.

Description

A kind of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse and manufacture method thereof
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the agricultural technical field of plastic tunnel film, particularly a kind of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse and manufacture method thereof.
Background technology:
The formation of booth is substantially: the plastic tunnel film covers the outer surface of crossbeam skeleton structure, with four limit compactings of horticultural covering film on the face of land or imbed underground.So far, then constituted heat preservation greenhouse.But, what existing this heat preservation greenhouse majority adopted is the monolayer plastic horticultural covering film, the plastic tunnel film of this individual layer is in the winter time the time, heat insulation effect is poor, day and night temperature is big, usually need be at inside or the full and warm facility of outside interpolation of heat preservation greenhouse, as stove or heating pad passage etc., in addition, also need cover straw screen or mat, cotton-wadded quilt etc. at the outer surface of monolayer plastic horticultural covering film to keep the heat preservation greenhouse temperature inside.Raise straw screen or mat or cotton-wadded quilt every day at sunrise, cover straw screen or mat or cotton-wadded quilt at sunset.Complicated operation, labour intensity is big, also easily causes the damage of plastic tunnel.For solving the bad technical problem of heat preservation greenhouse thermal property of individual layer horticultural covering film, operate on the market and given birth to the plastic tunnel film of some double-deckers and even sandwich construction, application for a patent for invention as Chinese patent 200810140350.2, wherein put down in writing the structure of double-layer plastic horticultural covering film: it is made up of the two layers of plastic film, be provided with some support gas columns in the middle of the two layers of plastic film, lower limb is provided with air-filled pore, and the joining place of double-deck horticultural covering film and double-deck horticultural covering film is fixed on the greenhouse bracket with the rubber adhesive tape.The shortcoming of this double-deck plastic tunnel film is: support gas column inside and be provided with air, (being similar to the structure of bubble chamber film) can cause double-deck horticultural covering film too fat to move, bulky, and weight increases, and all is not easy when transportation and laying.And being connected of double-deck horticultural covering film and double-deck horticultural covering film, be fixing with rubber adhesive tape and plastic strip, and no matter bonding still screw is fastening in heat seal, all caused the complex proceduresization of laying horticultural covering film, and follow-up installation very easily causes the inner gas leakage of double-deck horticultural covering film.Cause inflating repeatedly also and can't reach desirable heat insulation effect.The application for a patent for invention of Chinese patent 200610070903.2 for another example, it is made up of the two layers of plastic film, be provided with plastic flexible pipe in the two layers of plastic film, shut at two of plastic flexible pipe, the outer wall of plastic flexible pipe and both sides plastic foil are bonding, plastic flexible pipe is provided with pore, by pore inflation spreading double-layer plastic film.This double-decker, the flexible pipe of double-layer plastic film inside cause the plastic tunnel membrane volume huge, and weight increases, transportation and laying are difficult for, and the bond locations of plastic flexible pipe and horticultural covering film very easily ftractures, and because of the ductility of plastic tunnel film, causes the double-layer plastic film glomeration that rises.Therefore, also can't well solve the warming effect of heat preservation greenhouse constant temperature.For another example, Chinese patent application ' 201110056806.9 ' disclosed ' a kind of double-layer plastic heat preservation greenhouse film and using method thereof ' is though it has adopted the air chamber of structure use cleverly that horticultural covering film is divided into both sides, and, installation method is comparatively simple, but still having breakage, gas leakage causes changing technical problems such as film inconvenience.
Therefore, through facts have proved, on horticultural covering film, be that feasibility is less at multilayer Study, for example, need inflation make its spreading between the multilayer film mostly, form gas-bearing formation.Though this film plays good heat insulation effect, in case damaged, then bring about great losses, for addressing this is that, the scheme that gas-bearing formation is separated into some air chambers is arranged.Though the breakage of film only causes the damage of corresponding air chamber,, become insoluble technical problem again at the repairing replacement of broken parts.
So, for the technological improvement of multilayer booth, rotate back into again on the direction of crossbeam skeleton.Traditional big capplce is wooden article, bamboo product or metallic article, and wooden article, bamboo product shortcoming are that bow member intensity is low, and wind resistance snow ability is easily rotten mashed, needs repairing every year and changes the operational administrative inconvenience.Though metallic article intensity height, anti-pressure ability is strong, and is perishable, the cost height, though adopt zinc-plated, the steel pipe of aluminizing, but still can't solve the problem of corrosion, though service life more wooden skeleton, bamboo matter skeleton is long, but in humidity, under the environment such as Exposure to Sunlight, service life is still undesirable, general 5-8 namely need change, and installing usually needs welding, civil engineering is more etc., namely installs to be difficult for.So, how by the structural design of big-canopy framework, make it reach the conception of multilayer booth, become technical barrier, for solving this technical problem, the present invention aims to provide a kind of simple in structure, and is easy to use, civil engineering is few, and is sturdy and durable, and wind resistance snow ability is strong, the intensity height, anti-pressure ability is strong, and is corrosion-resistant, long service life is installed easily, and construction cost is low, insulation, moistening effect is good, replaces damaged plastic foil and is easy to a kind of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse and manufacture method thereof.
Summary of the invention:
The objective of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming that exists in the prior art, provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to use, civil engineering is few, and is sturdy and durable, and wind resistance snow ability is strong, the intensity height, anti-pressure ability is strong, and is corrosion-resistant, long service life, install easily, construction cost is low, insulation, moistening effect is good, replaces damaged plastic foil and is easy to a kind of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse and manufacture method thereof.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, comprise plastic foil, booth crossbeam and frame bar, the booth crossbeam is arcuation, wherein, the cross section of described booth crossbeam is ' worker ' word shape, and the booth crossbeam is provided with and connects neck, upper wall and lower wall, the upper wall of described booth crossbeam and/or the two ends of lower wall are provided with the end that extends, and the space of two end encirclements of extending has constituted the compressing tablet groove; Described upper wall, described lower wall, described connection neck, described extension end, described compressing tablet groove and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication.
The inwall of described extension end is provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, described one-level film-pressing tank, described secondary film-pressing tank are corrugated, described one-level film-pressing tank, described secondary film-pressing tank and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks is less than or equal to two distances between the secondary film-pressing tank.
Be provided with the protrusion neck in the compressing tablet groove of described upper wall and/or in the compressing tablet groove of lower wall, the both sides of described protrusion neck are provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, and one-level film-pressing tank, the secondary film-pressing tank and one-level film-pressing tank, the secondary film-pressing tank on the end that extends that protrude on the neck are corresponding; Protrude neck, the one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank and the described booth crossbeam that protrude on the neck are one-body molded during fabrication.
Described connection neck is provided with one or more increase walls, the two ends of described increase wall are provided with the end that extends, the extension end that increases on the wall is provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, one-level film-pressing tank on the extension end of increase wall, the connection neck of secondary film-pressing tank correspondence are provided with one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank, and described increase wall and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication.
Further include film pressing device and jockey, described film pressing device is any of press mold spring, hard pressuring film plate or soft pressuring film plate; Described jockey comprises tongue and plug together part, and the end of described bar is installed with the described part that plugs together, and the described part that plugs together is ' 7 ' shape or ' L ' shape.
Described press mold spring is that steel wire bends to continuous trapezoidal shape or continuity moment shape or continuous S shape; Described hard pressuring film plate is the plastic slat of rectangle, described press mold spring, and the width of described hard pressuring film plate is identical with the width of compressing tablet groove.
The bottom of described soft pressuring film plate is flexible plastic, the width of the width of the bottom of soft pressuring film plate and compressing tablet groove is wide, the two ends of described soft pressuring film plate are provided with and compress end, the described shape that compresses end is identical with the shape of one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank, describedly compresses the inwall that end is used for being adjacent to and pushing down one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank.
The bottom of described tongue is provided with linking arm, described linking arm is rectangular tabular, the two ends of described linking arm by bolt be connected between the neck fixedly connected, the middle part of described linking arm is provided with described tongue, described tongue and described linking arm are one-body molded during fabrication, described linking arm is close to the surface that connects neck, described plug together to plug together between part and the described tongue be connected.
The bottom of described tongue is provided with linking arm, the middle part of described linking arm is provided with connection bump, described connection bump is provided with tongue, the two ends of linking arm by bolt be connected between the neck fixedly connected, described tongue and described linking arm are one-body molded during fabrication, described plug together to plug together between part and the described tongue be connected, there is excess room in described connection bump with described the connection between the neck.
The material of described booth crossbeam, described bar is fiberglass or resin fibre goods.
Purpose to better implement the present invention, the present invention also provides a kind of manufacture method of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, wherein, comprises the steps:
A, structure big-canopy framework;
B, installation horticultural covering film;
Steps A is, the booth crossbeam of arcuation is beneficial to the face of land, and the one or both ends of booth crossbeam are directly fixing by clump; Perhaps, at clump the booth crossbeam of vertical configuration is set, the bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation is by bolted between the booth crossbeam of connector and vertical configuration; Again the booth girder space 2-5 rice of arcuation is placed side by side; Fix by jockey between booth crossbeam and the frame bar, namely constituted big-canopy framework,
Step B is, earlier be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device, by film pressing device another plastic foil is pressed abd fixed in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device again, has namely finished the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one; Then, be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device again, be pressed abd fixed on another plastic foil in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device by film pressing device again, namely finish the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one, so namely finished the manufacturing of bilateral heat preservation greenhouse;
Further, if when need making up the laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, by film pressing device plastic foil is connected on the increase wall that connects on the neck and gets final product
Among the step B, the mode of operating about film pressing device is:
Press mold spring compression mode: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely are connected by compressing of press mold spring and are fixed together.
In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, Yi Bian compress the secondary film-pressing tank, another side compresses the one-level film-pressing tank, and is continuous successively, and two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
The mode that compresses of hard pressuring film plate: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely compress to be connected by the hard pressuring film plate and are fixed together.
In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, compress one-level film-pressing tank or secondary film-pressing tank two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
The mode that compresses of soft pressuring film plate: after the end of two plastic foils is overlapping, be put in the compressing tablet groove, the bottom that pinches soft pressuring film plate with hand makes its doubling, put into the compressing tablet groove then, deformation is recovered in the bottom of soft pressuring film plate, plastic foil is compacted hold with compressing of soft pressuring film plate and the extension end of booth crossbeam between.
In the steps A, about the connected mode of booth crossbeam and frame bar be:
A kind ofly plug together the end that part is fixed on the frame bar for tongue directly is fixed on the both sides that connect neck, plug together part and plug together with tongue and be connected, tongue is fixed on the middle part of connection neck.
Another kind of the length of linking arm approaches the height that connects neck for the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, and the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, and linking arm is close to the surface that connects neck, plugs together to plug together between part and tongue to be connected.This mode linking arm is longer, and purpose is the grafting operation that plugs together part for the bolt influence that prevents the linking arm two ends.
A kind of be: the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, the length of linking arm is shorter, the middle part of linking arm bends out connection bump from body, tongue is set on the connection bump, the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, make height that bolt exposes less than the height of connection bump, avoid hindering the grafting operation that plugs together part.
The mode that forms the multilayer horticultural covering film among the step B is:
Individual layer heat preservation greenhouse: select upper wall only to have to extend ' worker ' word shape booth crossbeam of end for use, by film pressing device plastic foil is pressed in the compressing tablet groove of upper wall and gets final product.
The double-layer heat insulation booth:
Select for use upper wall and lower wall to be provided with the booth crossbeam that extends and hold, upper wall and lower wall compress plastic foil with film pressing device respectively, namely form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
Select lower wall only to have to extend the booth crossbeam of end for use, lower wall compresses plastic foil with film pressing device, and the outer surface of upper wall does not have the end of extension, so it is smooth, directly plastic foil is laid on the outside of upper wall, pushes down plastic foil with corresponding weight again and get final product, also can form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
Select for use in the compressing tablet groove of upper wall and lower wall to have the booth crossbeam that protrudes neck, corresponding plastic foil is pressed abd fixed in the compressing tablet groove of protrusion neck both sides of upper wall and lower wall with film pressing device respectively, can form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
The multi-layer heat preserving booth:
Selecting for use to connect to have on the neck increases the booth of wall crossbeam, selects according to the required number of plies.As three layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, namely select to connect the booth crossbeam that has an increase wall on the neck, as four layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, then select to connect the booth crossbeam that has two increase walls on the neck, during installation, successively plastic foil is pressed into upper wall, increases wall, can form in the film-pressing tank of lower wall with film pressing device.
The set-up mode of booth crossbeam:
Two bottoms of the booth crossbeam of arcuation are fixed on underground by clump.
Perhaps, two bottoms of arcuation booth crossbeam are connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, increase the whole height of booth with this, because vertical booth header portion also connects plastic foil by film pressing device, makes whole booth daylighting good, increase light transmittance and light application time.
Perhaps, a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, and vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, and vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, and another bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation directly rides on the ground.
Perhaps, a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, the booth crossbeam is connected to another vertical booth crossbeam by connector, and booth crossbeam and the angle between the face of land that this root is vertical are the 30-75 degree.
Perhaps, body of wall can be set, booth crossbeam one end of arcuation rides on the body of wall, and the other end is fixed on underground by clump.Can be provided with door and window on the body of wall.Also can substitute body of wall with vertical booth crossbeam, between adjacent two vertical booth crossbeams, door and window is set, be used for ventilating.
Advantage of the present invention is, simple in structure, easy to use, civil engineering is few, and is sturdy and durable, and wind resistance snow ability is strong, the intensity height, and anti-pressure ability is strong, and is corrosion-resistant, and long service life is installed easily, and construction cost is low, insulation, moistening effect is good, and it is easy to replace damaged plastic foil.Be specially:
Civil engineering of the present invention is few, and the booth crossbeam gets final product only to adopt clump to be used for fixedly, and the present invention need not welding, binding etc., and skeleton part all adopts pegs graft or screw threads are fixed, and one can finish the skeleton fitting operation to spanner.
The fixing fitting selectivity of plastic foil is many, need not to use any instrument, adopts corresponding press mold instrument that plastic foil is pressed abd fixed on the booth crossbeam and gets final product.
Material of the present invention adopts fiberglass or resin fibre to make, and is corrosion-resistant, reaches 20-30 service life.
If there is plastic foil to damage, the impaired plastic foil of then replacing between adjacent two booth crossbeams gets final product, and processing ease reduces maintenance cost.
The booth crossbeam is by exclusive device fabrication, maximum span 5-25 rice, and when the crossbeam span is 25 meters, can not rupture by pressure-bearing 1 ton hour, intensity is big, and wind resistance snow ability is strong.
The present invention compares with bilayer or the multilayer booth of prior art, and whole civil engineering few (civil engineering is close to the face of land) causes the sunshine time long (can have more 2-4 hour), light transmittance is good, so need not especially to provide heating plant, temperature can improve 10-40%, is conducive to the increasing both production and income of crops.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of press mold spring of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pressuring film plate of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of press mold spare of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the end view of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the end view of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode three of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 11 assembles the sectional view of the mode one of booth for the present invention.
Figure 12 assembles the schematic diagram of mode one solid of booth for the present invention.
Figure 13 assembles the sectional view of the mode two of booth for the present invention.
Figure 14 assembles the sectional view of the mode three of booth for the present invention.
Figure 15 assembles the sectional view of the mode four of booth for the present invention.
Figure 16 assembles the sectional view of the mode five of booth for the present invention.
Figure 17 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 18 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment three of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 19 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment four of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 20 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment five of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 21 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment six of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 22 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment seven of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 23 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment eight of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 24 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment nine of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
Figure 25 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment ten of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
The accompanying drawing sign:
1, extension end 2, compressing tablet groove 3, one-level film-pressing tank
4, secondary film-pressing tank 5, connection neck 6, lower wall
7, upper wall 8, protrusion neck 9, increase wall
10, press mold spring 11, hard pressuring film plate 12, soft pressuring film plate
13, compress end 14, linking arm 15, connection bump
16, tongue 17, plug together part 18, frame bar
19, booth crossbeam 20, clump 21, connector
22, plastic foil
Embodiment:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be described.As Fig. 1-shown in Figure 16, Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of press mold spring of the present invention.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pressuring film plate of the present invention.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of press mold spare of the present invention.Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 7 is the end view of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 9 is the end view of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode three of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Figure 11 assembles the sectional view of the mode one of booth for the present invention.Figure 12 assembles the schematic diagram of mode one solid of booth for the present invention.Figure 13 assembles the sectional view of the mode two of booth for the present invention.Figure 14 assembles the sectional view of the mode three of booth for the present invention.Figure 15 assembles the sectional view of the mode four of booth for the present invention.Figure 16 assembles the sectional view of the mode five of booth for the present invention.
The present invention includes plastic foil 22, booth crossbeam 19 and frame bar 18, booth crossbeam 19 is arcuation, wherein, the cross section of booth crossbeam 19 is ' worker ' word shape, booth crossbeam 19 is provided with and connects neck 5, upper wall 7 and lower wall 6, upper wall 7 is positioned at the two ends that are connected neck 5 with lower wall 6, and upper wall 7 is parallel to lower wall 6, connects neck 5 perpendicular to upper wall 7, lower wall 6.The space that the upper wall 7 of booth crossbeam 19 and/or the two ends of lower wall 6 are provided with 1, two extension end of end, 1 encirclement of extending has constituted compressing tablet groove 2; Upper wall 7, lower wall 6 connects neck 5, and the end 1 that extends, compressing tablet groove 2 and booth crossbeam 19 are one-body molded during fabrication.The inwall of extension end 1 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 are corrugated or formation ' 3 ' word shape, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks 3 is less than or equal to two distances between the secondary film-pressing tank 4.Be provided with in the compressing tablet groove 2 of upper wall 7 and/or in the compressing tablet groove 2 of lower wall 6 and protrude neck 8, the both sides of protruding neck 8 are provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 on the end 1 that extends that protrude on the neck 8 are corresponding; Protrude neck 8, the one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 that protrude on the neck 8 are one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19.Connect neck 5 and be provided with one or more increase walls 9,
The two ends that increase wall 9 are provided with the end 1 that extends, the extension end 1 that increases on the wall 9 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3 on the extension end 1 of increase wall 9, the connection neck 5 of secondary film-pressing tank 4 correspondences are provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4, and it is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19 to increase wall 9.Multi-layer heat preserving booth of the present invention further includes film pressing device and jockey, and film pressing device is any of press mold spring 10, hard pressuring film plate 11 or soft pressuring film plate 12; Jockey comprises tongue 16 and plugs together part 17 that the end of frame bar 18 is installed with and plugs together part 17, plugs together part 17 and is ' 7 ' shape or ' L ' shape.Press mold spring 10 is continuous trapezoidal shape or continuity moment shape or continuous S shape for steel wire bends to; Hard pressuring film plate 11 is the plastic slat of rectangle, press mold spring 10, and the width of hard pressuring film plate 11 is identical with the width of corresponding compressing tablet groove 2.The bottom of soft pressuring film plate 12 is flexible plastic, the width of the width of the bottom of soft pressuring film plate 12 and corresponding compressing tablet groove 2 is wide, the two ends of soft pressuring film plate 12 are provided with and compress end 13, the shape that compresses end 13 is identical with the shape of corresponding one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4, compresses the inwall that end 13 is used for being adjacent to and pushing down one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4.The bottom of tongue 16 is provided with linking arm 14, linking arm 14 is rectangular tabular, the two ends of linking arm 14 by bolt be connected between the neck 5 fixedly connected, the middle part of linking arm 14 is provided with tongue 16, tongue 16 is one-body molded during fabrication with linking arm 14, linking arm 14 is close to the surface that connects neck 5, plugs together to plug together between part 17 and the tongue 16 to be connected.The bottom of tongue 16 is provided with linking arm 14, the middle part of linking arm 14 is provided with connection bump 15, connection bump 15 is provided with tongue 16, the two ends of linking arm 14 by bolt be connected between the neck 5 fixedly connected, tongue 16 is one-body molded during fabrication with linking arm 14, plug together to plug together between part 17 and the tongue 16 and be connected, there is excess room in connection bump 15 with being connected between the neck 5.The material of booth crossbeam 19, frame bar 18 is fiberglass or resin fibre goods.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 5, Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of press mold spring of the present invention.Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.This three width of cloth figure is used for explaining the mode that compresses of press mold spring: press mold spring compression mode: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely are connected by compressing of press mold spring and are fixed together.In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, Yi Bian compress the secondary film-pressing tank, another side compresses the one-level film-pressing tank, and is continuous successively, and two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 5, Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of pressuring film plate of the present invention.Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.This three width of cloth figure is used for explaining the mode that compresses of hard pressuring film plate: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely compress to be connected by the hard pressuring film plate and are fixed together.In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, compress one-level film-pressing tank or secondary film-pressing tank two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of press mold spare of the present invention.Fig. 5 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.This three width of cloth figure is used for explaining the mode that compresses of soft pressuring film plate: after the end of two plastic foils is overlapping, be put in the compressing tablet groove, the bottom that pinches soft pressuring film plate with hand makes its doubling, put into the compressing tablet groove then, deformation is recovered in the bottom of soft pressuring film plate, plastic foil is compacted hold with compressing of soft pressuring film plate and the extension end of booth crossbeam between.
As shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7, Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 7 is the end view of the connected mode one of booth crossbeam of the present invention.The connected mode of this kind booth crossbeam and frame bar is: the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, the length of linking arm is shorter, the middle part of linking arm bends out connection bump from body, tongue is set on the connection bump, the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, make height that bolt exposes less than the height of connection bump, avoid hindering the grafting operation that plugs together part.
As Fig. 8-shown in Figure 9, Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Fig. 9 is the end view of the connected mode two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.The connected mode of this kind booth crossbeam and frame bar is: another kind of is that the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, the length of linking arm approaches the height that connects neck, the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, and linking arm is close to the surface that connects neck, plug together to plug together between part and tongue to be connected.This mode linking arm is longer, and purpose is the grafting operation that plugs together part for the bolt influence that prevents the linking arm two ends.
As shown in figure 10, Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of the connected mode three of booth crossbeam of the present invention.This kind booth crossbeam with the connected mode of frame bar is: tongue directly is fixed on the both sides that are connected neck, plugs together the end that part is fixed on the frame bar, plugs together part and plugs together with tongue and be connected, and tongue is fixed on the middle part that connects neck.
As Figure 11-shown in Figure 12, Figure 11 assembles the sectional view of the mode one of booth for the present invention.Figure 12 assembles the schematic diagram of mode one solid of booth for the present invention.The erection mode of this kind booth crossbeam: two bottoms of the booth crossbeam 19 of arcuation are fixed on underground by clump 20.
As shown in figure 13, Figure 13 assembles the sectional view of the mode two of booth for the present invention.The erection mode of this kind booth crossbeam: two bottoms of arcuation booth crossbeam 19 are connected with vertical booth crossbeam 19 by connector 21, vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump 20, increase the whole height of booth with this, because vertical booth crossbeam 19 parts also connect plastic foil 22 by film pressing device, make whole booth daylighting good, increase light transmittance and light application time.
As shown in figure 14, Figure 14 assembles the sectional view of the mode three of booth for the present invention.The erection mode of this kind booth crossbeam: a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, another bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation directly rides on the ground.
As shown in figure 15, Figure 15 assembles the sectional view of the mode four of booth for the present invention.The erection mode of this kind booth crossbeam: a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, the booth crossbeam is connected to another vertical booth crossbeam by connector, and booth crossbeam and the angle between the face of land that this root is vertical are the 30-75 degree.
As shown in figure 16, Figure 16 assembles the sectional view of the mode five of booth for the present invention.The erection mode of this kind booth crossbeam: body of wall can be set, and booth crossbeam one end of arcuation rides on the body of wall, and the other end is fixed on underground by clump.Can be provided with door and window on the body of wall.Also can substitute body of wall with vertical booth crossbeam, between adjacent two vertical booth crossbeams, door and window is set, be used for ventilating.Figure 16 preferably adopts the booth crossbeam to replace body of wall.
As shown in figure 17, Figure 17 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment two of booth crossbeam of the present invention.The manner arranges the end 1 that extends at the two ends of upper wall 7 and lower wall 6, two space formation compressing tablet grooves 2 that the end 1 that extends surrounds, during use, the end of two plastic foils laminated be placed in the compressing tablet groove, by film pressing device plastic foil 22 is pressed in the compressing tablet groove 2, crossbeam shown in Figure 17 is used to form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
As shown in figure 18, Figure 18 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment three of booth crossbeam of the present invention.This booth crossbeam only upper wall has the end that extends, and by film pressing device plastic foil is pressed in the compressing tablet groove of upper wall to get final product.The manner is used to form the monolayer plastic heat preservation greenhouse.
As shown in figure 19, Figure 19 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment four of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Booth crossbeam only lower wall has the end of extension, and lower wall compresses plastic foil with film pressing device, and the outer surface of upper wall does not have the end of extension, so it is smooth, directly plastic foil is laid on the outside of upper wall, pushes down plastic foil with corresponding weight again and get final product, be used to form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
As shown in figure 20, Figure 20 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment five of booth crossbeam of the present invention.
The space that the upper wall 7 of booth crossbeam 19 and the two ends of lower wall 6 are provided with 1, two extension end of end, 1 encirclement of extending has constituted compressing tablet groove 2; Upper wall 7, lower wall 6 connects neck 5, and the end 1 that extends, compressing tablet groove 2 and booth crossbeam 19 are one-body molded during fabrication.The inwall of extension end 1 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 are corrugated or formation ' 3 ' word shape, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks 3 is less than the distance between two secondary film-pressing tanks 4.During use, plastic foil is pressed in the compressing tablet groove 2 by film pressing device, because the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks 3 is less than the distance between two secondary film-pressing tanks 4, so this kind connected mode is particularly useful for soft pressuring film plate 12.
As shown in figure 21, Figure 21 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment six of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Booth crossbeam 19 is provided with and connects neck 5, upper wall 7 and lower wall 6, and upper wall 7 is positioned at the two ends that are connected neck 5 with lower wall 6, and upper wall 7 is parallel to lower wall 6, connects neck 5 perpendicular to upper wall 7, lower wall 6.The space that the upper wall 7 of booth crossbeam 19 and/or the two ends of lower wall 6 are provided with 1, two extension end of end, 1 encirclement of extending has constituted compressing tablet groove 2; Upper wall 7, lower wall 6 connects neck 5, and the end 1 that extends, compressing tablet groove 2 and booth crossbeam 19 are one-body molded during fabrication.The inwall of extension end 1 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 are corrugated or formation ' 3 ' word shape, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks 3 is less than or equal to two distances between the secondary film-pressing tank 4.Be provided with in the compressing tablet groove 2 of upper wall 7 and/or in the compressing tablet groove 2 of lower wall 6 and protrude neck 8, the both sides of protruding neck 8 are provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 on the end 1 that extends that protrude on the neck 8 are corresponding; Protrude neck 8, the one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 that protrude on the neck 8 are one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19.During installation, corresponding plastic foil 22 is pressed abd fixed in the compressing tablet groove 2 of protrusion neck 8 both sides of upper wall 7 and lower wall 6 with film pressing device respectively, can forms the double-layer heat insulation booth.
As Figure 22-shown in Figure 25, Figure 22 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment seven of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Figure 23 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment eight of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Figure 24 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment nine of booth crossbeam of the present invention.Figure 25 is the schematic cross-section of the embodiment ten of booth crossbeam of the present invention.These four kinds of modes are used to form the laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, and booth crossbeam 19 is provided with and connects neck 5, upper wall 7 and lower wall 6, and upper wall 7 is positioned at the two ends that are connected neck 5 with lower wall 6, and upper wall 7 is parallel to lower wall 6, connect neck 5 perpendicular to upper wall 7, lower wall 6.The space that the upper wall 7 of booth crossbeam 19 and/or the two ends of lower wall 6 are provided with 1, two extension end of end, 1 encirclement of extending has constituted compressing tablet groove 2; Upper wall 7, lower wall 6 connects neck 5, and the end 1 that extends, compressing tablet groove 2 and booth crossbeam 19 are one-body molded during fabrication.The inwall of extension end 1 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 are corrugated or formation ' 3 ' word shape, one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4 is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks 3 is less than or equal to two distances between the secondary film-pressing tank 4.Be provided with in the compressing tablet groove 2 of upper wall 7 and/or in the compressing tablet groove 2 of lower wall 6 and protrude neck 8, the both sides of protruding neck 8 are provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 and one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 on the end 1 that extends that protrude on the neck 8 are corresponding; Protrude neck 8, the one-level film-pressing tank 3, the secondary film-pressing tank 4 that protrude on the neck 8 are one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19.Connect neck 5 and be provided with one or more increase walls 9, the two ends that increase wall 9 are provided with the end 1 that extends, the extension end 1 that increases on the wall 9 is provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3 and secondary film-pressing tank 4, one-level film-pressing tank 3 on the extension end 1 of increase wall 9, the connection neck 5 of secondary film-pressing tank 4 correspondences are provided with one-level film-pressing tank 3, secondary film-pressing tank 4, and it is one-body molded during fabrication with booth crossbeam 19 to increase wall 9.Selecting for use to connect to have on the neck increases the booth of wall crossbeam, selects according to the required number of plies.As three layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, namely select to connect the booth crossbeam that has an increase wall on the neck, as four layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, then select to connect the booth crossbeam that has two increase walls on the neck, during installation, successively plastic foil is pressed into upper wall, increases wall, can form in the film-pressing tank of lower wall with film pressing device.
Installation method of the present invention is as follows:
A, structure big-canopy framework;
B, installation horticultural covering film;
Steps A is, the booth crossbeam of arcuation is beneficial to the face of land, and the one or both ends of booth crossbeam are directly fixing by clump; Perhaps, at clump the booth crossbeam of vertical configuration is set, the bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation is by bolted between the booth crossbeam of connector and vertical configuration; Again the booth girder space 2-5 rice of arcuation is placed side by side; Fix by jockey between booth crossbeam and the frame bar, namely constituted big-canopy framework,
Step B is, earlier be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device, by film pressing device another plastic foil is pressed abd fixed in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device again, has namely finished the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one; Then, be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device again, be pressed abd fixed on another plastic foil in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device by film pressing device again, namely finish the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one, so namely finished the manufacturing of bilateral heat preservation greenhouse;
Further, if when need making up the laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, by film pressing device plastic foil is connected on the increase wall that connects on the neck and gets final product
Among the step B, the mode of operating about film pressing device is:
Press mold spring compression mode: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another press mold spring plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely are connected by compressing of press mold spring and are fixed together.
In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, Yi Bian compress the secondary film-pressing tank, another side compresses the one-level film-pressing tank, and is continuous successively, and two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
The mode that compresses of hard pressuring film plate: the compressing tablet groove is put in the end of a plastic foil, by the hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the secondary film-pressing tank, the compressing tablet groove is being put in the end of another plastic foil, by another hard pressuring film plate plastic foil is pressed in the one-level film-pressing tank, so, two plastic foils namely compress to be connected by the hard pressuring film plate and are fixed together.
In addition, also can the end of two plastic foils is overlapping after, be put in the compressing tablet groove, make the press mold spring when compressing, compress one-level film-pressing tank or secondary film-pressing tank two plastic foils can be fixed by a press mold spring.
The mode that compresses of soft pressuring film plate: after the end of two plastic foils is overlapping, be put in the compressing tablet groove, the bottom that pinches soft pressuring film plate with hand makes its doubling, put into the compressing tablet groove then, deformation is recovered in the bottom of soft pressuring film plate, plastic foil is compacted hold with compressing of soft pressuring film plate and the extension end of booth crossbeam between.
In the steps A, about the connected mode of booth crossbeam and frame bar be:
A kind ofly plug together the end that part is fixed on the frame bar for tongue directly is fixed on the both sides that connect neck, plug together part and plug together with tongue and be connected, tongue is fixed on the middle part of connection neck.
Another kind of the length of linking arm approaches the height that connects neck for the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, and the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, and linking arm is close to the surface that connects neck, plugs together to plug together between part and tongue to be connected.This mode linking arm is longer, and purpose is the grafting operation that plugs together part for the bolt influence that prevents the linking arm two ends.
A kind of be: the tongue bottom arranges linking arm, the length of linking arm is shorter, the middle part of linking arm bends out connection bump from body, tongue is set on the connection bump, the two ends of linking arm connect on the neck by being bolted to, make height that bolt exposes less than the height of connection bump, avoid hindering the grafting operation that plugs together part.
The mode that forms the multilayer horticultural covering film among the step B is:
Individual layer heat preservation greenhouse: select upper wall only to have to extend ' worker ' word shape booth crossbeam of end for use, by film pressing device plastic foil is pressed in the compressing tablet groove of upper wall and gets final product.
The double-layer heat insulation booth:
Select for use upper wall and lower wall to be provided with the booth crossbeam that extends and hold, upper wall and lower wall compress plastic foil with film pressing device respectively, namely form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
Select lower wall only to have to extend the booth crossbeam of end for use, lower wall compresses plastic foil with film pressing device, and the outer surface of upper wall does not have the end of extension, so it is smooth, directly plastic foil is laid on the outside of upper wall, pushes down plastic foil with corresponding weight again and get final product, also can form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
Select for use in the compressing tablet groove of upper wall and lower wall to have the booth crossbeam that protrudes neck, corresponding plastic foil is pressed abd fixed in the compressing tablet groove of protrusion neck both sides of upper wall and lower wall with film pressing device respectively, can form the double-layer heat insulation booth.
The multi-layer heat preserving booth:
Selecting for use to connect to have on the neck increases the booth of wall crossbeam, selects according to the required number of plies.As three layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, namely select to connect the booth crossbeam that has an increase wall on the neck, as four layers of heat preservation greenhouse of needs, then select to connect the booth crossbeam that has two increase walls on the neck, during installation, successively plastic foil is pressed into upper wall, increases wall, can form in the film-pressing tank of lower wall with film pressing device.
The set-up mode of booth crossbeam:
Two bottoms of the booth crossbeam of arcuation are fixed on underground by clump.
Perhaps, two bottoms of arcuation booth crossbeam are connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, increase the whole height of booth with this, because vertical booth header portion also connects plastic foil by film pressing device, makes whole booth daylighting good, increase light transmittance and light application time.
Perhaps, a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, and vertical booth crossbeam is 1-3 rice, and vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, and another bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation directly rides on the ground.
Perhaps, a bottom of arcuation booth crossbeam is connected with vertical booth crossbeam by connector, vertical booth crossbeam is fixed on underground by clump, the booth crossbeam is connected to another vertical booth crossbeam by connector, and booth crossbeam and the angle between the face of land that this root is vertical are the 30-75 degree.
Perhaps, body of wall can be set, booth crossbeam one end of arcuation rides on the body of wall, and the other end is fixed on underground by clump.Can be provided with door and window on the body of wall.Also can substitute body of wall with vertical booth crossbeam, between adjacent two vertical booth crossbeams, door and window is set, be used for ventilating.
Advantage of the present invention is, simple in structure, easy to use, civil engineering is few, and is sturdy and durable, and wind resistance snow ability is strong, the intensity height, and anti-pressure ability is strong, and is corrosion-resistant, and long service life is installed easily, and construction cost is low, insulation, moistening effect is good, and it is easy to replace damaged plastic foil.Be specially:
Civil engineering of the present invention is few, and the booth crossbeam gets final product only to adopt clump to be used for fixedly, and the present invention need not welding, binding etc., and skeleton part all adopts pegs graft or screw threads are fixed, and one can finish the skeleton fitting operation to spanner.
The fixing fitting selectivity of plastic foil is many, need not to use any instrument, adopts corresponding press mold instrument that plastic foil is pressed abd fixed on the booth crossbeam and gets final product.
Material of the present invention adopts fiberglass or resin fibre to make, and is corrosion-resistant, reaches 20-30 service life.
If there is plastic foil to damage, the impaired plastic foil of then replacing between adjacent two booth crossbeams gets final product, and processing ease reduces maintenance cost.
The booth crossbeam is by exclusive device fabrication, maximum span 5-25 rice, and when the crossbeam span is 25 meters, can not rupture by pressure-bearing 1 ton hour, intensity is big, and wind resistance snow ability is strong.
The present invention compares with bilayer or the multilayer booth of prior art, and whole civil engineering few (civil engineering is close to the face of land) causes the sunshine time long (can have more 2-4 hour), light transmittance is good, so need not especially to provide heating plant, temperature can improve 10-40%, is conducive to the increasing both production and income of crops.

Claims (10)

1. laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, comprise plastic foil, booth crossbeam and frame bar, the booth crossbeam is arcuation, it is characterized in that, the cross section of described booth crossbeam is ' worker ' word shape, the booth crossbeam is provided with and connects neck, upper wall and lower wall, and the upper wall of described booth crossbeam and/or the two ends of lower wall are provided with the end that extends, and two extensions hold the space that surrounds to constitute the compressing tablet groove; Described upper wall, described lower wall, described connection neck, described extension end, described compressing tablet groove and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication.
2. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 1, it is characterized in that, the inwall of described extension end is provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, described one-level film-pressing tank, described secondary film-pressing tank are corrugated, described one-level film-pressing tank, described secondary film-pressing tank and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication, and the distance between two one-level film-pressing tanks is less than or equal to two distances between the secondary film-pressing tank.
3. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 2, it is characterized in that, be provided with the protrusion neck in the compressing tablet groove of described upper wall and/or in the compressing tablet groove of lower wall, the both sides of described protrusion neck are provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, and one-level film-pressing tank, the secondary film-pressing tank and one-level film-pressing tank, the secondary film-pressing tank on the end that extends that protrude on the neck are corresponding; Protrude neck, the one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank and the described booth crossbeam that protrude on the neck are one-body molded during fabrication.
4. according to the arbitrary described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 1-3, it is characterized in that, described connection neck is provided with one or more increase walls, the two ends of described increase wall are provided with the end that extends, the extension end that increases on the wall is provided with one-level film-pressing tank and secondary film-pressing tank, one-level film-pressing tank on the extension end of increase wall, the connection neck of secondary film-pressing tank correspondence are provided with one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank, and described increase wall and described booth crossbeam are one-body molded during fabrication.
5. according to claim 1 or 4 described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouses, it is characterized in that further include film pressing device and jockey, described film pressing device is any of press mold spring, hard pressuring film plate or soft pressuring film plate; Described jockey comprises tongue and plug together part, and the end of described bar is installed with the described part that plugs together, and the described part that plugs together is ' 7 ' shape or ' L ' shape.
6. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 5, it is characterized in that described press mold spring is that steel wire bends to continuous trapezoidal shape or continuity moment shape or continuous S shape; Described hard pressuring film plate is the plastic slat of rectangle, described press mold spring, and the width of described hard pressuring film plate is identical with the width of compressing tablet groove.
7. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 5, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described soft pressuring film plate is flexible plastic, the width of the width of the bottom of soft pressuring film plate and compressing tablet groove is wide, the two ends of described soft pressuring film plate are provided with and compress end, the described shape that compresses end is identical with the shape of one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank, describedly compresses the inwall that end is used for being adjacent to and pushing down one-level film-pressing tank, secondary film-pressing tank.
8. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 5, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described tongue is provided with linking arm, described linking arm is rectangular tabular, the two ends of described linking arm by bolt be connected between the neck fixedly connectedly, the middle part of described linking arm is provided with described tongue, described tongue and described linking arm are one-body molded during fabrication, described linking arm is close to the surface that connects neck, described plug together to plug together between part and the described tongue be connected.
9. according to the described laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse of claim 5, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described tongue is provided with linking arm, the middle part of described linking arm is provided with connection bump, described connection bump is provided with tongue, the two ends of linking arm by bolt be connected between the neck fixedly connectedly, described tongue and described linking arm are one-body molded during fabrication, described plug together to plug together between part and the described tongue be connected, there is excess room in described connection bump with described the connection between the neck.
One kind arbitrary as claim 1-9 as described in the manufacture method of laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, it is characterized in that, comprise the steps:
A, structure big-canopy framework;
B, installation horticultural covering film;
Steps A is, the booth crossbeam of arcuation is beneficial to the face of land, and the one or both ends of booth crossbeam are directly fixing by clump; Perhaps, at clump the booth crossbeam of vertical configuration is set, the bottom of the booth crossbeam of arcuation is by bolted between the booth crossbeam of connector and vertical configuration; Again the booth girder space 2-5 rice of arcuation is placed side by side; Fix by jockey between booth crossbeam and the frame bar, namely constituted big-canopy framework,
Step B is, earlier be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device, by film pressing device another plastic foil is pressed abd fixed in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam upper wall by film pressing device again, has namely finished the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one; Then, be pressed abd fixed on a plastic foil in the secondary film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device again, be pressed abd fixed on another plastic foil in the one-level film-pressing tank of booth crossbeam lower wall by film pressing device by film pressing device again, namely finish the upper wall of two plastic foils by the booth crossbeam and be connected the step that is fixed as one, so namely finished the manufacturing of bilateral heat preservation greenhouse;
Further, if when need making up the laminated plastics heat preservation greenhouse, by film pressing device plastic foil is connected on the increase wall that connects on the neck and gets final product.
CN2013101774433A 2013-05-03 2013-05-03 Multilayer plastic thermal insulation greenhouse and manufacturing method thereof Pending CN103262764A (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104206211A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-17 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Arch crown pseudo-ginseng cultivation greenhouse
CN108718818A (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-11-02 刘潮贵 Multilayer plastic greenhouse film buckles skeleton

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CN2490819Y (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-05-15 唐增生 Greenhouse skeleton section with dual-side pressure film slot
CN201263336Y (en) * 2008-09-18 2009-07-01 刘国兴 Double-film beam double-film greenhouse frame
CN201319774Y (en) * 2008-12-24 2009-10-07 贺子怡 Double-solid film H-shaped section bar
CN202745273U (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-02-20 刘国兴 Greenhouse steel framework and profile thereof

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2490819Y (en) * 2001-06-06 2002-05-15 唐增生 Greenhouse skeleton section with dual-side pressure film slot
CN201263336Y (en) * 2008-09-18 2009-07-01 刘国兴 Double-film beam double-film greenhouse frame
CN201319774Y (en) * 2008-12-24 2009-10-07 贺子怡 Double-solid film H-shaped section bar
CN202745273U (en) * 2012-08-16 2013-02-20 刘国兴 Greenhouse steel framework and profile thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104206211A (en) * 2014-09-23 2014-12-17 文山苗乡三七科技有限公司 Arch crown pseudo-ginseng cultivation greenhouse
CN108718818A (en) * 2017-04-19 2018-11-02 刘潮贵 Multilayer plastic greenhouse film buckles skeleton

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