CN103255905A - High-rise building natural ventilation radiating system and radiating method thereof - Google Patents

High-rise building natural ventilation radiating system and radiating method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103255905A
CN103255905A CN2013101576305A CN201310157630A CN103255905A CN 103255905 A CN103255905 A CN 103255905A CN 2013101576305 A CN2013101576305 A CN 2013101576305A CN 201310157630 A CN201310157630 A CN 201310157630A CN 103255905 A CN103255905 A CN 103255905A
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ventilation
air
heat radiation
ventilation opening
building
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CN2013101576305A
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CN103255905B (en
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杨丽
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Tongji University
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Tongji University
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Abstract

The invention relates to a high-rise building ventilation radiating system. A rising communicated channel environment is formed in a high-rise building in a surrounding mode. Digging to underground continuously is carried out in the environment. The fact that the temperature of the lower portion is greatly lower than that of surrounding environment is guaranteed by using a ground heat absorption balance principle. Moisture in the space is increased through a humidifier. Therefore, the temperature of high-humidity low-temperature air can be raised after the air is in contact with surrounding high-rise indoor environment, a rising air flow is formed and is discharged from the top of the building, and accordingly heat of the high-rise building is taken away. In addition, in order to guarantee good ventilation, hot air close to the ground is in contact with a heat conductor for radiating first, then the hot air is conveyed to the indoor portion, high-wind-pressure air far away from the ground is directly guided into the inner portion of the building, and green plants are planted at a ventilation opening, so that air temperature lowering is benefited.

Description

Highrise building natural ventilation cooling system and heat dissipating method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to building implements, building ventilation, building energy saving field.Concrete, relate to a kind of build vertically to pipeline, extend up to building top, straight cutting is gone into undergroundly downwards, utilizes ground thermostat principle and hot air to make progress floating principle to whole building cooling.Pipeline is provided with closing device at building top, and hot air is emitted in folding during summer, closes during winter, collects hot air by underground heat.
Background technology
Highrise building is because the instability of blast environment, ventilation needs plant and instrument to solve, improvement along with technology, utilizing natural wind to ventilate becomes architect's first-selection, satisfy by ecole polytechnique under the prerequisite of building ventilation and dispel the heat, can improve stability and the persistence of building energy conservation greatly.With regard to current ventilation and heat field, seem that with respect to other energy-saving field comparison is independent.
With regard to current heat radiation, air-conditioning technical is increasingly mature, and temperature reduction performance and energy-efficient performance increase, yet these equipment still are fragmentary to be laid in building everywhere, and do not have whole and building to form a kind of contact of macroscopic view, because whole architectural image has determined feasible with it cooling system, fragmentary layout can destroy this globality.Have the ventilation that cooperates whole building only and realize the building heat radiation, could further improve the building energy conservation means.
Summary of the invention
The present invention integrates the characteristics of high building structure, and the principle that makes progress by hot air and the principle of underground heat constant temperature are reintegrated the ventilation system of highrise building, is satisfying the efficient that improves the building heat radiation when ventilating.The problem that present technique will solve is how to guarantee to dispel the heat air-flow in the well fast by roof, and heat is passed and prevent that hot air from entering from the bottom.
It is perpendicular to the ground to the more characteristics of distance that the present invention combines highrise building itself, make inside form the channel environment of a towering connection with a kind of mode that surrounds, in this environment, continue to mine working, utilize the soil balanced principle of heat absorption to guarantee that the temperature of below is significantly less than surrounding enviroment, increase moisture in this section space by humidifier, make the thermal conductivity of air increase, like this, the air that high humility and temperature are low will temperature raise after touching peripheral high-rise indoor environment, form the air-flow of a rising, get rid of from building top, thereby take away heat in the highrise building.In addition in order to guarantee good ventilation, overhead near hot blast preferentially should be contacted the heat conductor that this is used for heat radiation, transfer to indoorly again, and the air in the high blast in principle ground directly imports building interior, ventilation opening plant some greenings also favourable with reduce air themperature.
A kind of highrise building heat dissipation ventilation system that the present invention proposes comprises heat radiation well, ventilating duct, ventilation opening and heater, wherein:
The heat radiation well is made of an enclosed space that reserves in the highrise building, and the cross section size of heat radiation well increases with the increase of building floor height, and the heat radiation well depth digs, and the bottom locates below ground level;
Ventilating duct is arranged in the side of highrise building, and described ventilating duct is connected to the bottom of heat radiation well, and bottom air is transmitted to ventilating duct after fully absorbing the earth temperature;
Humidifier is arranged in the heat radiation bottom, increases the air humidity of heat radiation well inside with this, and then increases the thermal conductivity of air;
Offer bottom ventilation opening 1, middle part ventilation opening 2 and top portion ventilation mouth 3 on four sides of highrise building respectively, wherein the ventilating duct entrance of bottom ventilation opening 1 and middle part ventilation opening 2 is furnished with the plant for reducing temperature; Bottom ventilation opening 1 connects the bottom of heat radiation well by air duct 8;
Be laid with two ventilation openings up and down in all indoor functional areas in the highrise building, promote indoor air circulation, following ventilation opening is positioned at interior wall one side near the flooring, and last ventilation opening is then arranged a pipeline, extends to interior wall opposite side opening holes;
Two ventilation opening places are equipped with the shutter door lock about being laid with in top portion ventilation mouth and all the indoor functional areas, and are energy-conservation to guarantee that highrise building is adapted in the Various Seasonal.
Highrise building heat dissipation ventilation method of the present invention may further comprise the steps: reserve an enclosed space in highrise building, this space is as the heat radiation well, and the cross section size of heat radiation well increases with the increase of building floor height; To deep-cut downwards for the heat radiation well, be connected to the underground; Be connected to the bottom of heat radiation well from building side arrangement ventilating duct, bottom air is transmitted to ventilating duct after fully absorbing the earth temperature; In the heat radiation bottom, arrange a humidifier, increase the air humidity of heat radiation well inside with this, and then increase the thermal conductivity of air; Offer bottom ventilation opening 1, middle part ventilation opening 2 and top portion ventilation mouth 3 on four faces of highrise building respectively, wherein the plant for reducing temperature will be arranged in the ventilating duct entrance of bottom ventilation opening 2 and middle part ventilation opening 3; Two ventilation openings are to promote indoor air circulation about will laying in the indoor functional areas of in highrise building all, and following ventilation opening is positioned at interior wall one side near the flooring, and last ventilation opening then will be arranged a pipeline, extends to interior wall opposite side opening holes; Arrange breaker at all ventilation opening places, it is energy-conservation to guarantee that highrise building is adapted in the Various Seasonal
Characteristics of the present invention are little power consumptions, only need increase a humidifier at the passage bottommost, promote airborne humidity, just can improve the heat dispersion of whole building.The present invention has taken full advantage of the method for the earth constant temperature, and surface temperature is owing to be subjected to the influence of light radiation, and day and night temperature severity so the temperature of face of land air is influenced by it, is understood comparative heat daytime.Yet the temperature of underground so keeping the temperature of an equilibrium, is laid an air duct because isolated with the sun at the bottom of ground, and the heat radiation well in the middle of the hot air on the face of land is sucked by this pipeline just can reduce airborne heat.
Advantage of the present invention is:
1. combine the globality of building ventilation and building heat radiation, accelerated the heat-sinking capability of building.
2. by middle hot channel, guaranteed the circulating ventilation that functional areas are good.
3. planting technique can be got rid of the air pollution of depression automatically at the ventilation opening annex, reduce air themperature.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is highrise building startup insulation in winter modular system picture group.
Number in the figure:1 is the bottom ventilation opening, 2 is the middle part ventilation opening, and 3 is the top portion ventilation mouth, and 4 is the shutter door lock, 5 is the cold air district of high blast, the 6 hot air districts for low blast, 7 is plant, 8 is air duct, 9 is the cold humidity province in the earth, 10 is humidifier, and 11 are the hot air district in the heat radiation well, and 12 are the heat radiation well.
The specific embodiment
Further specify the present invention by reference to the accompanying drawings below by embodiment.
Embodiment 1: can discharge enough cold airs in order to guarantee the cold humidity province in the earth, and form air-flow upwards, reasonably the humidity at the end, control ground is crucial, if the time that air stops at the bottom of ground is very little, air will be muddy, thereby influence the air quality of which floor hanging down in the high level.Therefore to increase the cooling system of some ventilating ducts that promote that air flow in the middle of being connected at bottom region, in order purifying air, and to reduce hot air temperature in the blast district, will arrange greening installation at the pipeline opening place.Like this, not merely just dispel the heat from vertical heat dissipation channel in the whole functional district, and horizontal direction also can be with the heat of functional areas for the ventilating duct that connects hot channel.
With regard to the ventilation and heat of functional areas itself, good indoor cold air circulation is the key that guarantees the indoor occupant comfort level, the principle that heat rises falls according to cold, can arrange two ventilation openings up and down indoor, wherein the ventilation opening of surveying down only need be offered a hole in interior wall one side, and the upper strata ventilation opening will extend and other end opening holes, makes room air form whole circulation.
Highrise building equally also is subjected to the influence in season, if run into winter, the storage heat could guarantee the warming effect of building, so all tops upward and in the ventilation opening at middle part and the radiating tube road junction all will arrange a breaker, heat is locked in facade.
Reserve an enclosed space in highrise building, this space is as heat radiation well 12, and the cross section size increases according to the increase of building floor height.To deep-cut downwards for the enclosed space of heat radiation, and be connected to the underground, and be connected to the bottom of radiating area from building side arrangement ventilating duct, air is transmitted to here after fully having absorbed the earth temperature.In heat radiation well 12 bottoms, arrange a humidifier 10, increase inner air humidity with this.A ventilation opening that is connected the well that dispels the heat is respectively offered at bottom, middle part and top at four faces of building, be respectively bottom ventilation opening 1, middle part ventilation opening 2 and top portion ventilation mouth 3, wherein plant 7 will be arranged in the ventilating duct entrance of end ventilation opening 1 and middle level ventilation opening 2, in order to greening, with abundant reduction air themperature, promote air quality.Will lay two ventilation openings up and down in all indoor functional areas, beneath offers ventilation opening along the metope place, will arrange then on the top that a pipeline connects to indoor another side, offers ventilation opening to promote indoor air circulation.Arrange breaker at all ventilation opening places, it is energy-conservation to guarantee that highrise building is adapted in the Various Seasonal.The cold air district 5 of high blast, the hot air district 6 of low blast, the cold humidity province 9 in the earth, the hot air district 11 in the heat radiation well, shown cold and hot air zone refers to the specific region under construction that the cross-ventilation circulating system forms.Hot air density is little on top in this zone, and cold air density is greatly in the bottom, and air flows and forms circulation maintenance ventilation.
The problem that present technique will solve is how to guarantee to dispel the heat air-flow in the well fast by roof, and heat is passed and prevent that hot air from entering from the bottom.The present invention has taken full advantage of the method for the earth constant temperature, and surface temperature is owing to be subjected to the influence of light radiation, and day and night temperature severity so the temperature of face of land air is influenced by it, is understood comparative heat daytime.Yet the temperature of underground BecauseIsolated with the sun, so keeping the temperature of an equilibrium, at the bottom of ground, lay an air duct, the heat radiation well in the middle of the hot air on the face of land is sucked by this pipeline just can reduce airborne heat.This external bottom outer vent is arranged plant, also be effectively to reduce the effective ways that flow into air themperature, as long as fully to injecting cold air in the heat radiation well, pass through humidification, will fully indoor heat be led in the well in the air, air is heated and expands, and mobile motion and the circulation that has just formed heat radiation well internal gas flow to the top.
Whole system can be brought into play obvious effect in the season of temperature difference partial heat, and electric power and the water of supply humidifier only need be arranged, and has just promoted the cooling of whole highrise building, and the system combination of dispelling the heat for building has proposed new direction.
Above listed a series of detailed description only is specifying at a feasibility embodiment of the present invention, but this embodiment is not in order to limit claim of the present invention, allly do not break away from equivalent embodiment or the change that skill spirit of the present invention is done, for example, equivalence embodiment Deng changing all should be contained within the claim of this case.

Claims (2)

1. a highrise building heat dissipation ventilation system is characterized in that comprising heat radiation well, ventilating duct, ventilation opening and heater, wherein:
The heat radiation well is made of an enclosed space that reserves in the highrise building, and the cross section size of heat radiation well increases with the increase of building floor height, and the heat radiation well depth digs, and the bottom locates below ground level;
Ventilating duct is arranged in the side of highrise building, and described ventilating duct is connected to the bottom of heat radiation well, and bottom air is transmitted to ventilating duct after fully absorbing the earth temperature;
Humidifier is arranged in the heat radiation bottom, increases the air humidity of heat radiation well inside with this, and then increases the thermal conductivity of air;
Offer bottom ventilation opening (1), middle part ventilation opening (2) and top portion ventilation mouth (3) on four sides of highrise building respectively, wherein the ventilating duct entrance of bottom ventilation opening (1) and middle part ventilation opening (2) is furnished with the plant for reducing temperature; Bottom ventilation opening (1) connects the bottom of heat radiation well by air duct (8);
Be laid with two ventilation openings up and down in all indoor functional areas in the highrise building, promote indoor air circulation, following ventilation opening is positioned at interior wall one side near the flooring, and last ventilation opening is then arranged a pipeline, extends to interior wall opposite side opening holes;
Two ventilation opening places are equipped with the shutter door lock about being laid with in top portion ventilation mouth and all the indoor functional areas, and are energy-conservation to guarantee that highrise building is adapted in the Various Seasonal.
2. the method for ventilation of a highrise building heat dissipation ventilation as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that concrete steps are as follows:
Reserve an enclosed space in highrise building, this space is as the heat radiation well, and the cross section size of heat radiation well increases with the increase of building floor height;
To deep-cut downwards for the heat radiation well, be connected to the underground;
From ventilating duct of highrise building side arrangement be connected to the heat radiation well the bottom, bottom air is transmitted to ventilating duct after fully absorbing the earth temperature;
In the heat radiation bottom, arrange a humidifier, increase the air humidity of heat radiation well inside with this, and then increase the thermal conductivity of air;
Offer bottom ventilation opening (1), middle part ventilation opening (2) and top portion ventilation mouth (3) on four sides of highrise building respectively, wherein the plant for reducing temperature will be arranged in the ventilating duct entrance of bottom ventilation opening (1) and middle part ventilation opening (2);
Two ventilation openings are to promote indoor air circulation about will laying in the indoor functional areas of in highrise building all, and following ventilation opening is positioned at interior wall one side near the flooring, and last ventilation opening then will be arranged a pipeline, extends to interior wall opposite side opening holes;
Arrange breaker at all ventilation opening places, it is energy-conservation to guarantee that highrise building is adapted in the Various Seasonal.
CN201310157630.5A 2013-05-02 2013-05-02 Highrise building natural ventilation cooling system and heat dissipating method thereof Active CN103255905B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104179370A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-12-03 何超群 Building structure for environment-friendly constant-temperature house

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2545007B2 (en) * 1990-07-14 1996-10-16 エルエルエス―バウテヒノロギー・アクチエンゲゼルシヤフト High-rise building
KR20030063030A (en) * 2002-01-22 2003-07-28 주식회사 경호엔지니어링 종합건축사사무소 wind falling prevention and ventilation device of elavated building
JP2005009840A (en) * 2003-06-23 2005-01-13 Taisei Corp Ventilation system of building
JP4431963B2 (en) * 2003-06-05 2010-03-17 積水ハウス株式会社 Natural ventilation system for detached house and control method thereof
CN102538117A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-07-04 青岛海信房地产股份有限公司 Ventilation drying system for tower range of underground garage of high-rise residential building
CN102704656A (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-10-03 苏州市伦琴工业设计有限公司 High-rise ventilating building
KR101260201B1 (en) * 2012-04-30 2013-05-06 (주)파크이즈건축사사무소 Building shaft system

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2545007B2 (en) * 1990-07-14 1996-10-16 エルエルエス―バウテヒノロギー・アクチエンゲゼルシヤフト High-rise building
KR20030063030A (en) * 2002-01-22 2003-07-28 주식회사 경호엔지니어링 종합건축사사무소 wind falling prevention and ventilation device of elavated building
JP4431963B2 (en) * 2003-06-05 2010-03-17 積水ハウス株式会社 Natural ventilation system for detached house and control method thereof
JP2005009840A (en) * 2003-06-23 2005-01-13 Taisei Corp Ventilation system of building
CN102538117A (en) * 2012-01-06 2012-07-04 青岛海信房地产股份有限公司 Ventilation drying system for tower range of underground garage of high-rise residential building
KR101260201B1 (en) * 2012-04-30 2013-05-06 (주)파크이즈건축사사무소 Building shaft system
CN102704656A (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-10-03 苏州市伦琴工业设计有限公司 High-rise ventilating building

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104179370A (en) * 2014-07-30 2014-12-03 何超群 Building structure for environment-friendly constant-temperature house

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