CN103255842B - A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion - Google Patents

A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103255842B
CN103255842B CN201210033592.8A CN201210033592A CN103255842B CN 103255842 B CN103255842 B CN 103255842B CN 201210033592 A CN201210033592 A CN 201210033592A CN 103255842 B CN103255842 B CN 103255842B
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China
Prior art keywords
wall
proof course
damp
desk
building
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201210033592.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103255842A (en
Inventor
丁文斗
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TIANJIN SANCHUN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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TIANJIN SANCHUN TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

Desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme on the reinforced concrete floor that it is characterized in that each layer of building as the damp-proof course of building and foundation wall desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme stop Underground Salt, alkali, tide by the mode of infiltration type capillary percolation completely to the erosion of upper strata body of wall, particularly brick wall.Basis and body of wall can be made to combine closely the integral globality, the shock resistance that greatly improve building.Even if kitchen, the water pipe defended are run, emitted and can only flow away from floor drain, can not soak and prolong to other room, damage floor finiss and body of wall.

Description

A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion
One, technical field:
The invention belongs to building field, relate to a kind of building wall technology, particularly relate to a kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course technology that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion.
Two, background technology:
A lot of building especially build saliferous in now, the body of wall of alkali geological province and groundwater level region building is particularly with brick and the body of wall that has water imbibition building materials to build, there will be because being subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion and come off and damage phenomenon, and much be in and have the brick-concrete building of frost region to be not only decoration of cement layer and each layer terrace position, top body of wall on foundation wall also to occur because inhabitation various reasons causes water content larger, wall outside decoration of cement layer wall skin and body of wall can be caused due to freezing to depart from peeling phenomenon with the cold characteristic that rises of freezing point of water when thawing in winter-spring season, and be difficult to thoroughly repair make damage of building, its basic reason is that the damp-proof treatment technical scheme existing defects of present building causes.
Three, summary of the invention:
The defect existed for the body of wall damp-proof course technology that particularly brick wall is commonly used now causes body of wall to peel off, impaired phenomenon, the present invention proposes a kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course technology that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion, it does the Building technology scheme of damp-proof course with existing cement collar tie beam and individual layer malthoid, total essential features is all the damp-proof course as building, and new solution of the present invention is characterized in that preventing the desk-top compound damp-proof course technology that body of wall is subject to salt, alkali, tide corrodes, it is divided into; Desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of building and foundation wall desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme,
Desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of described building, is different from now immediate with the floor of Jian Zuo upper strata, lower floor roof room floors, when damp-proof course is directly in upper technical scheme of building a wall, it is characterized in that, pour into a mould lower floor roof hold concurrently the reinforced concrete floor of upper strata room floors time to build the identical collar tie beam formula stylobate of the Kuan Heqiang that exceeds floor upper surface 5-10CM in the position of building a wall in the future simultaneously, it is in kitchen, the doorway defended also is poured into a mould, make kitchen, defend overhead door, become a pond shape terrace to ensure not flow out kitchen when there being spilling water, defend and diffluence from floor drain, other doorway is then without this door and add plain cement using waterproof agent apply the compound damp-proof course of the anti-capillary percolation of the thickness 2-3MM smearing one deck press polish or logical be coated with the compound damp-proof course of one deck glass cement as anti-capillary percolation on stylobate,
Described foundation wall desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme, the cement collar tie beam be different from present immediate foundation wall is damp-proof course or the technical scheme making damp-proof course of pressing from both sides paving one deck malthoid between two-layer brick, it is characterized in that: foundation wall is two or four walls starting close to outer earth's surface to change pseudo-ginseng wall, at two or four wall both sides and top pouring undercut shape reinforced concrete collar tie beam, its top is the stylobate identical with width of wall body, when building a wall, the compound damp-proof course technology at stylobate top is for first painting heated bitumen or coal tar are stained with malthoid again, heated bitumen or coal tar is first coated with on malthoid, again brick is directly bonded on malthoid, or add plain cement using waterproof agent on stylobate and apply the compound damp-proof course of the anti-capillary percolation of the thickness 2-3MM smearing one deck press polish or logical be coated with the compound damp-proof course of one deck glass cement as anti-capillary percolation, then upwards build a wall with the cement mortar cementation of fissures,
Beneficial effect:
1, the present invention can stop that Underground Salt, alkali, the damp mode by infiltration type capillary percolation are to the erosion of upper strata body of wall, particularly brick wall completely.
2, it is two-layer that the technical scheme that technical scheme of the present invention can not make damp-proof course as traditional one deck malthoid makes body of wall and basis be divided into, and basis and body of wall can be made to combine closely the integral globality, the shock resistance that greatly improve building.
Even if 3, the present invention program can ensure kitchen, the water pipe race defended, emit and can only flow away from floor drain in building constructions, can not soak and prolong to other room, damage floor finiss and body of wall.
Four, accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1: on foundation wall and floor, desk-top damp-proof course faces generalized section
Fig. 2: the concrete desk-top compound damp-proof course technology top cross-sectional view of self-contained flat
In figure, A Room B occupies C kitchen D and defends
1, floor 2, wall 3, stylobate 4, door 5, pond shape terrace 6, floor drain 7, damp-proof course 8, outer earth's surface 9, pseudo-ginseng wall 10,24 wall 11, undercut shape reinforced concrete collar tie beam
Five, detailed description of the invention:
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the embodiment of technical scheme of the present invention is described in detail
The defect existed for the body of wall damp-proof course technology that particularly brick wall is commonly used now causes body of wall to peel off, impaired phenomenon, the present invention proposes a kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course technology that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion, it does the Building technology scheme of damp-proof course with existing cement collar tie beam and individual layer malthoid, total essential features is all the damp-proof course as building, and new solution of the present invention is characterized in that preventing the desk-top compound damp-proof course technology that body of wall is subject to salt, alkali, tide corrodes, it is divided into; Desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of building and foundation wall desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme,
Desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of described building, is different from now immediate with the floor of Jian Zuo upper strata, lower floor roof room floors, when damp-proof course is directly in upper technical scheme of building a wall, it is characterized in that, pour into a mould lower floor roof hold concurrently the reinforced concrete floor 1 of upper strata room floors time to build the identical collar tie beam formula stylobate 3 of the wide and wall 2 that exceeds floor upper surface 5-10CM in the position of building a wall in the future simultaneously, it is in kitchen, the doorway defended also is poured into a mould, make kitchen, defend overhead door 4, become a pond shape terrace 5 to ensure not flow out kitchen when there being spilling water, defend and diffluence from floor drain 6, other doorway is then without this door 4 and add plain cement using waterproof agent apply the compound damp-proof course 7 of the anti-capillary percolation of the thickness 2-3MM smearing one deck press polish or logical be coated with the compound damp-proof course 7 of one deck glass cement as anti-capillary percolation on stylobate 3,
Described foundation wall desk-top compound damp-proof course technical scheme, the cement collar tie beam be different from present immediate foundation wall is damp-proof course or the technical scheme making damp-proof course of pressing from both sides paving one deck malthoid between two-layer brick, it is characterized in that: foundation wall 2 is two or four walls 10 starting close to outer earth's surface 8 to change pseudo-ginseng wall 9, at two or four wall 10 both sides and top pouring undercut shape reinforced concrete collar tie beam 11, its top is the stylobate 3 identical with width of wall body, when building a wall, compound damp-proof course 7 technology at stylobate 3 top is for first painting heated bitumen or coal tar are stained with malthoid again, heated bitumen or coal tar is first coated with on malthoid, again brick is directly bonded on malthoid, or add plain cement using waterproof agent on stylobate 3 and apply the compound damp-proof course 7 of the anti-capillary percolation of the thickness 2-3MM smearing one deck press polish or logical be coated with the compound damp-proof course 7 of one deck glass cement as anti-capillary percolation, then upwards build a wall with the cement mortar cementation of fissures,
Be more than preferred embodiment of the present invention, not do any pro forma restriction to the present invention, every any simple modification done above embodiment according to technical spirit of the present invention, equivalent variations and modification, be in the scope of technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. can prevent the desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall is subject to salt, alkali, tide corrodes, it is divided into: the desk-top compound damp-proof course on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of building and the desk-top compound damp-proof course of foundation wall,
Desk-top compound damp-proof course on the reinforced concrete floor of each layer of described building, it is characterized in that: build the collar tie beam formula stylobate (3) that the Kuan Heqiang (2) that exceeds floor upper surface 5.10cm is identical in the position of building a wall in the future when pouring into a mould reinforced concrete floor (1) of Jian Zuo upper strata, lower floor roof room floors simultaneously, in kitchen, the doorway defended also is cast with overhead door (4), become pond shape terrace (5), have floor drain (6) in pond shape terrace (5), other doorway is then without this door (4); And on stylobate (3), add plain cement using waterproof agent apply compound damp-proof course (7) or thorough fare one deck glass cement that the thickness of smearing one deck press polish is 2-3mm as compound damp-proof course (7),
The desk-top compound damp-proof course of described foundation wall, it is characterized in that: foundation wall (2) is two or four walls (10) place starting close to outer earth's surface (8) to change pseudo-ginseng wall (9), both sides and top pouring undercut shape reinforced concrete cement collar tie beam (11), its top is the stylobate (3) identical with width of wall body, when building a wall, the compound damp-proof course (7) at stylobate (3) top is for first way heated bitumen or coal tar are stained with malthoid again, Xian Tu heated bitumen or coal tar on malthoid, again brick is directly bonded on malthoid, or add plain cement with waterproof agent on stylobate (3) and apply compound damp-proof course (7) that the thickness of smearing one deck press polish is 2-3mm or logical Tu one deck glass cement makes compound damp-proof course (7), then upwards build a wall with the cement mortar cementation of fissures.
CN201210033592.8A 2012-02-15 2012-02-15 A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion Expired - Fee Related CN103255842B (en)

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CN201210033592.8A CN103255842B (en) 2012-02-15 2012-02-15 A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion

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CN201210033592.8A CN103255842B (en) 2012-02-15 2012-02-15 A kind of desk-top compound damp-proof course that body of wall can be prevented to be subject to salt, alkali, tide erosion

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CN103255842B true CN103255842B (en) 2015-09-16

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Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106049892A (en) * 2016-05-31 2016-10-26 宝葫历史建筑科技(上海)有限公司 Repairing method for damp-proof course of historical building

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH258222A (en) * 1947-04-19 1948-11-30 Polter Emile Element for the construction of reinforced concrete floors.
GB8505344D0 (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-04-03 Reed Int Plc Damp proof courses
CN2495725Y (en) * 2001-08-10 2002-06-19 陈国联 Water-proof and moisture-proof structure for floor, roof or platform of granary or military depot
CN201358494Y (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-12-09 滕荣谦 Leak-proof automatic drainage system for toilet
CN101806158A (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-08-18 姜勇 Novel power-saving economical multi-layer civil construction refrigerator
CN201933512U (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-08-17 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Node structure on external walls of underground part of buildings built by applying multi-functional plaster composite wallboards

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CH258222A (en) * 1947-04-19 1948-11-30 Polter Emile Element for the construction of reinforced concrete floors.
GB8505344D0 (en) * 1984-03-02 1985-04-03 Reed Int Plc Damp proof courses
CN2495725Y (en) * 2001-08-10 2002-06-19 陈国联 Water-proof and moisture-proof structure for floor, roof or platform of granary or military depot
CN201358494Y (en) * 2009-02-25 2009-12-09 滕荣谦 Leak-proof automatic drainage system for toilet
CN101806158A (en) * 2010-03-11 2010-08-18 姜勇 Novel power-saving economical multi-layer civil construction refrigerator
CN201933512U (en) * 2011-01-17 2011-08-17 天津开发区福林发展有限公司 Node structure on external walls of underground part of buildings built by applying multi-functional plaster composite wallboards

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
北京市第六建筑工程公司 等.防潮层施工.《防水工(初级工)》.中国建筑工业出版社,1998, *

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