CN103253773B - Floating floor device applied to water body ecological restoration - Google Patents

Floating floor device applied to water body ecological restoration Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103253773B
CN103253773B CN201310205250.4A CN201310205250A CN103253773B CN 103253773 B CN103253773 B CN 103253773B CN 201310205250 A CN201310205250 A CN 201310205250A CN 103253773 B CN103253773 B CN 103253773B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
stake
floating bed
stay
enclosure
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CN201310205250.4A
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CN103253773A (en
Inventor
王丽娜
郑向勇
童则逸
朱小维
徐苗苗
冯晨婕
沈豪
陈家媛
朱诗凯
孔海南
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Hangzhou Jinyi Construction Group Co., Ltd.
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Wenzhou University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/20Forcing-frames; Lights, i.e. glass panels covering the forcing-frames

Abstract

The invention relates to a floating floor device applied to water body ecological restoration. According to the technical scheme, the floating floor device applied to water body ecological restoration is characterized by comprising control columns, a heat preservation hood, a heat preservation enclosure ecosystem and a floating floor, wherein at least three control columns are available; the heat preservation hood is made of a light permeable film and is arranged above the control columns through support rods so as to form a conical hood; the lower side of the heat preservation hood is parallel to the top ends of the control columns; the heat preservation enclosure ecosystem surrounds at the periphery of the control columns through the cooperation of the control columns; the lower side surface of the heat preservation enclosure ecosystem is contacted with mud at the bottom of a water body; the upper side surface of the heat preservation enclosure ecosystem is parallel to the top ends of the control columns; and the floating floor is on the water level inside a relative sealed chamber. By adopting the scheme, the problems that in the conventional opened floating floor, plants hardly grow in winter and are easily affected by external pollution resources are effectively solved, the growth of aquatic plants on the floating floor is well prompted, and the purification of the water body is effectively realized.

Description

A kind of floating bed device repaired for water ecology
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of floating bed device repaired for water ecology.
Background technology
Day by day serious along with China's water pollution situation, the exploitation of technology of waste water control more and more causes the attention of people.Floating bed device is that the water bodys such as current urban river, lake, reservoir carry out a kind of equipment conventional in restoration of the ecosystem and water correction process.That commonly uses at present is biological floating bed normally open, be placed directly in polluted water body by floating bed, which also exists following two place's defects: first, outdoor open floating bed device is when mercury dropped in winter, waterplant in floating bed usually can withered death, thus makes biological floating bed being difficult to give full play to the Function For Purifying Water of waterplant in winter; Second, open floating bed antipollution impact capacity is poor, when water body has peripheral burst Pollution source to enter, often cause the death of plant in floating bed, be unfavorable for the stable of biological floating bed botanical system, thus bring difficulty to the running maintenance of floating bed and be unfavorable for playing biological floating bed Function For Purifying Water.
For overcoming the drawback of traditional evolution formula floating bed, application number is the patent of invention of 201110104426.8, application number is the utility model patent of 200920233019.5, application number be 201210288600.3 patent of invention have employed the devices such as semienclosed enclosure, isolate relative with the external world for biological floating bed water body around, but the enclosure in above-mentioned patent does not all have heat insulation function, and semienclosed structure makes the water around floating bed and extraneous water constantly exchange, thus make floating bed device surrounding water body consistent with extraneous water body water temperature, the shortcoming that floating bed plant in winter is difficult to grow cannot be overcome.
The shortcoming that grows is difficult to for overcoming biological floating bed winter plant, number of patent application is that 201020033211.2 propositions utilize and are applicable to the waterplant of winter growth and are configured floating bed, and number of patent application is that rye grass is planted in 200920192583.7 propositions in the winter time and above it, lid layer non-woven fabrics is incubated.Above-mentioned patent fundamentally can not solve the problem of plant undergrowth in biological floating bed winter, the aquatic plant species of applicable winter growth is comparatively single and application has region restriction, the non-woven fabrics that individual layer covers can not fully be incubated, and above-mentioned patent all cannot overcome the shock problem of outside contamination source to floating bed plant.
Summary of the invention
The present invention overcomes the deficiency of existing floating bed device and antipollution source impact capacity difference large by seasonal effect, a kind of specific floating bed device is provided, by insulation enclosure, the setting controlling stake, printing opacity transparent heat insulating cover body, and the operation and management mode of refreshing the water periodically, make floating bed have heat insulation function and closure, thus can reach anti-extraneous sewage enter impact with winter normally play the advantages such as water quality purification function.
For achieving the above object, technical scheme of the present invention is: a kind of floating bed device repaired for water ecology, it is characterized in that: include control stake, stay-warm case, insulation enclosure and floating bed, wherein control stake and be at least provided with three, water bottom mud is inserted in the one end controlling stake, the other end exposes the ordinary water level water surface 20 ~ 30 cm, described stay-warm case is made up of light transmission film, it is arranged on by support bar the top controlling stake and forms cone-shaped hood, stay-warm case lower side maintains an equal level with the top controlling stake, described insulation enclosure by with control stake coordinate the periphery being around in and controlling stake, its downside contacts with water bottom mud, upper side maintains an equal level with the top controlling stake, described stay-warm case and insulation enclosure form an opposing seal cavity, floating bed is placed on the water surface in this opposing seal cavity.
The effect reached by such scheme is, the water in enclosure and surrounding water is separated and forms independently system, thus avoids extraneous sewage to enter the water system formation impact in enclosure; At the top controlling stake, there is jack, can the support bar of socket joint transparent heat insulating cover cover body, transparent heat insulating cover is made up of transparent heat insulating material and support bar, its bottom shape is with insulation enclosure and control stake upper end section and agree with mutually, the partition that its entirety formed has and heat insulation function, can isolate relative with external environment to the water system in apparatus of the present invention, floating bed and air, thus solve the common biological floating bed shortcoming cannot normally run in the winter time; The inner water surface of insulation enclosure of apparatus of the present invention is placed with floating bed device, by the sorption enhanced effect of the microorganism of growing plants in floating bed and plant root, realize the purification of water quality to enclosure inside water system, and by modes such as artificial replacing or pump suctions, the floating bed water quality that has been purified of inside and extraneous water body are exchanged, thus the continuing purge effect by apparatus of the present invention water quality to external world can be realized; In addition, insulation enclosure and the transparent heat insulating cover body of apparatus of the present invention all have reactivity, easily can must dismantle and reinstall, be convenient to the maintenance and management in later stage.
The further setting of the present invention is: above described control stake, section is provided with jack, support the two ends of support bar of stay-warm case be plugged in corresponding control to be formed in the jack of stake both be fixedly connected with, the side that described every root controls stake has noose or clip, described insulation enclosure is also provided with corresponding noose or clip, insulation enclosure forms heavy keying fit by the cooperation of noose or clip with control stake; The pp plastic material film that described stay-warm case is 5-7mm by thickness is bonded, and is fixed together, thus forms opposing seal cavity between the dual-side that described insulation film and insulation enclosure are pressed close to by slide fastener or clip device; Described floating bed is made up of bamboo and vegetable fibre, wherein bamboo intersection is fixing forms grid, and vegetable fibre is filled in grid, and floating bed is fixed on by rope and controls in stake, described insulation enclosure is bondd by the pp plastic film of inner clip insulating cotton and forms, and thickness is 11.2cm.
By the effect arranged further be: be to further optimization of the present invention, wherein transparent heat insulating cover is linked together by devices such as slide fasteners with insulation enclosure, the partition that has of entirety that it is formed and heat insulation function better, support bar and the connection controlling stake such scheme in addition, make support bar not only have the effect supporting insulation film, and there is the fixing effect controlling stake.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the filler unit of the embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of floating bed device repaired for water ecology, includes transparent heat insulating cover body 1, controls stake 3, is incubated enclosure 4 and floating bed 2.Wherein, the pp plastic material film that transparent heat insulating cover body 1 is 6mm by transparent thickness is bonded, be airtight gas cloud in the middle of plastics film, thus utilize the printing opacity effect of the effect of heat insulation of gas cloud and transparent plastics to make to be incubated the function that cover body has insulation and printing opacity concurrently, the support bar 11 of playing a supporting role is provided with in insulation cover body, support bar 11 inserts in the jack controlling stake 3 upper end, thus insulation cover body 1 is fixed on above control stake 3, the support bar 11 of insulation cover body 1 is provided with two, material is stainless steel, and diameter is 10mm, control stake 3 to be made up of quality of rubber materials, diameter 10cm, control stake 3 number that during field conduct, single floating bed device is selected is four, its length is 2m, the bottom insertion Sediments part controlling stake 3 is 50cm, about 30 cm above ordinary water level are exposed on its top, and every root controls stake 3 pile body surrounding part in water body and is all provided with 3 nylon nooses, insulation enclosure 4 can be fixed on and control in stake 3, insulation enclosure 4 is bondd by the pp plastic film of inner clip insulating cotton and forms, thickness is 11.2cm, it is stained with on the plastic film in the position controlling stake 3 has clip, and be fixed on by linking with the noose controlled in stake 3 and control in stake, insulation enclosure 4 is enclosed and cutting function by pocket, the water body of enclosure inside and surrounding water body are separated, form relatively independent water body therein, in this implementation column, it is 3m × 5m that insulation enclosure 4 and control stake 3 surround water surface area, in enclosure, the depth of water is 1.2m, be close on water-bed mud face bottom insulation enclosure 4, the height of transparent heat insulating cover body 1 is 1.0m, together with insulation enclosure 4 and transparent heat insulating cover body 1 interlink by slide fastener, floating bed device is made to form continuous print overall, guarantee the heat insulation function of floating bed device, the water body enclosing formation at enclosure pocket is inner, be placed with floating bed 2, floating bed 2 can be made up of bamboo, interior filling plant fiber, size is 2.5m × 4.5m × 20cm, and is fixed in control stake 3 by rope, floating bed is planted and is implanted with the waterplant such as Canna generalis Bailey, Chinese celery, iris, by the microbial film of waterplant root growth and the sorption of plant, realize the decontamination effect improving to enclosure inside water quality.In addition, above-mentioned floating bed device is changed by human at periodic intervals, often separate about 15 days and enclosure and the slide fastener of insulation cover body are untied side, and enclosure is drop-down, the water quality realizing the inner water body of enclosure and surrounding water body by naturally changing water exchanges, after having changed water, enclosure is incubated cover body and is incubated enclosure and again link, make it have heat insulation function.When maintenance activitys such as needs plant harvestings, insulation cover body and enclosure can be removed temporarily, again take back after having constructed.
The insulation that apparatus of the present invention have, to cut off and function of refreshing the water periodically, can solve that traditional open floating bed device is subject to that outside contamination source is impacted, winter plant undergrowth, purify water the shortcomings such as weak effect.

Claims (4)

1. the floating bed device repaired for water ecology, it is characterized in that: include control stake, stay-warm case, insulation enclosure and floating bed, wherein control stake and be at least provided with three, water bottom mud is inserted in the one end controlling stake, the other end exposes the ordinary water level water surface 20 ~ 30 cm, described stay-warm case is made up of light transmission film, it is arranged on by support bar the top controlling stake and forms cone-shaped hood, stay-warm case lower side maintains an equal level with the top controlling stake, described insulation enclosure by with control stake coordinate the periphery being around in and controlling stake, its downside contacts with water bottom mud, upper side maintains an equal level with the top controlling stake, described stay-warm case and insulation enclosure form an opposing seal cavity, floating bed is placed on the water surface in this opposing seal cavity.
2. the floating bed device repaired for water ecology according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: above described control stake, section is provided with jack, support the two ends of support bar of stay-warm case be plugged in corresponding control to be formed in the jack of stake both be fixedly connected with, the side that described every root controls stake has noose or clip, described insulation enclosure is also provided with corresponding noose or clip, insulation enclosure forms heavy keying fit by the cooperation of noose or clip with control stake.
3. the floating bed device repaired for water ecology according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the pp plastic material film that described stay-warm case is 5-7mm by thickness is bonded, be fixed together by slide fastener or clip device between the dual-side that described insulation film and insulation enclosure are pressed close to, thus form opposing seal cavity.
4. the floating bed device repaired for water ecology according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described floating bed is made up of bamboo and vegetable fibre, wherein bamboo intersection is fixing forms grid, vegetable fibre is filled in grid, floating bed is fixed on by rope and controls in stake, described insulation enclosure is bondd by the pp plastic film of inner clip insulating cotton and forms, and thickness is 11.2cm.
CN201310205250.4A 2013-05-28 2013-05-28 Floating floor device applied to water body ecological restoration Active CN103253773B (en)

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CN103253773B true CN103253773B (en) 2015-01-21

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104291446B (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-12-30 常州大学 A kind of heat-preserving ecological floating bed
CN104649417A (en) * 2015-02-06 2015-05-27 常州大学 Heat-preservation and ecological filter floating bed
CN106865780A (en) * 2017-04-07 2017-06-20 临沂大学 For the Winter protection floating bed of northern warm temperate zone regional water quality purification
CN106882878A (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-06-23 临沂大学 A kind of wetland purification system for Winter protection

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020096770A (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-12-31 최원일 Floating island with Mooring apparatus and Mooring apparatus for variable water level
CN1765773A (en) * 2005-09-07 2006-05-03 云南省环境科学研究院 Floating island of plant and its construction method
CN2863782Y (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-01-31 山东恒利环保技术有限公司 Artificial wetland heat preservation apparatus for reclaimed water reusing system
CN102432108A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-05-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Three-dimensional ecological restoration method for supereutrophic lake water body

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020096770A (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-12-31 최원일 Floating island with Mooring apparatus and Mooring apparatus for variable water level
CN1765773A (en) * 2005-09-07 2006-05-03 云南省环境科学研究院 Floating island of plant and its construction method
CN2863782Y (en) * 2005-12-30 2007-01-31 山东恒利环保技术有限公司 Artificial wetland heat preservation apparatus for reclaimed water reusing system
CN102432108A (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-05-02 中国科学院水生生物研究所 Three-dimensional ecological restoration method for supereutrophic lake water body

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Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: WANG LINA TONG ZEYI ZHU XIAOWEI XU MIAOMIAO FENG CHENJIE SHEN HAO CHEN JIAYUAN ZHU SHIKAI ZHENG XIANGYONG KONG HAINAN TO: WANG LINA ZHENG XIANGYONG TONG ZEYI ZHU XIAOWEI XU MIAOMIAO FENG CHENJIE SHEN HAO CHEN JIAYUAN ZHU SHIKAI KONG HAINAN

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Wang Lina

Inventor after: Kong Hainan

Inventor after: Zheng Xiangyong

Inventor after: Tong Zeyi

Inventor after: Zhu Xiaowei

Inventor after: Xu Miaomiao

Inventor after: Feng Chenjie

Inventor after: Shen Hao

Inventor after: Chen Jiayuan

Inventor after: Zhu Shikai

Inventor before: Wang Lina

Inventor before: Kong Hainan

Inventor before: Tong Zeyi

Inventor before: Zhu Xiaowei

Inventor before: Xu Miaomiao

Inventor before: Feng Chenjie

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Effective date of registration: 20170616

Address after: Heart square No. 560 Hangzhou 310000 Zhejiang province Xiaoshan District North Street Jincheng Road, building 2 room 602

Patentee after: Hangzhou golden city municipal landscape Engineering Co., Ltd.

Address before: Dasan Ouhai District 325000 Zhejiang province Wenzhou Higher Education Park

Patentee before: Wenzhou University

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Address after: 310000 Xinyi Square, No. 560 Jincheng Road, Beigan Street, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 2 Blocks 602

Patentee after: Hangzhou Jinyi Construction Group Co., Ltd.

Address before: 310000 Xinyi Square, No. 560 Jincheng Road, Beigan Street, Xiaoshan District, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province, 2 Blocks 602

Patentee before: Hangzhou golden city municipal landscape Engineering Co., Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder