CN103252552B - A kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine - Google Patents

A kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103252552B
CN103252552B CN201310112435.0A CN201310112435A CN103252552B CN 103252552 B CN103252552 B CN 103252552B CN 201310112435 A CN201310112435 A CN 201310112435A CN 103252552 B CN103252552 B CN 103252552B
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capstan head
plate
feeding
suction nozzle
bga
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CN103252552A (en
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闻权
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SHENZHEN ZHUO MAO TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHENZHEN ZHUO MAO TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine, comprise frame, the side place that keeps left, the front end of frame is provided with industrial computer display screen, scram button, industrial computer button, start button, pause button, USB interface and keyboard case from top to bottom successively, the front end of described frame is provided with flip door, blowing window and cost memory cell from top to bottom on the right side successively, and the top of frame is provided with cooling system and exhausting system; BGA clamping device is connected with feeding feed arrangement, and the left side of feeding feed arrangement is provided with Guang Mu testing agency, industrial camera shade device and capstan head mounting device, and the right side of feeding feed arrangement is provided with solidification equipment and sticky tin cream device.Beneficial effect of the present invention is: automation sorting, does not need to use steel mesh, avoids tin ball be scattered and waste; Machine can be located automatically, and automatically identify BGA size and thickness, automatically adjust amount of compression, the present invention is simple to operate, and automaticity is good, and speed is fast, and precision is high, reduces cost, ensure that precision.

Description

A kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine.
Background technology
Because electronic product is more and more stronger to compact, high frequency, high efficiency and multi-functional demand in recent years, BGA and CSP is encapsulated developed rapidly, they instead of traditional pin encapsulation, leaded package technology, and this makes a kind of encapsulation new material playing electric interconnection and mechanical support effect---and solder ball is come out.The packagings such as BGA, CSP of being connected by tin ball, are used in the fields such as notebook computer, mobile phone, PDA, DSC, LCD and 3C Product in a large number.The packaging technology of current existing bga chip tin ball adopts on bga chip, scrape one deck tin cream, by corresponding steel mesh value billiard table, the extruding of tin ball got on, and then carrying out adding solidification, can only complete by hand.BGA for different size will change corresponding steel mesh and carry out planting ball and leakage to plant ball phenomenon frequent.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide a kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine, the dependence existed to overcome currently available technology completes by hand, and complex process, leaks and plant ball phenomenon above-mentioned deficiency frequently.
The object of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine, comprise frame, the side place that keeps left, the front end of frame is provided with industrial computer display screen from top to bottom successively, scram button, industrial computer button, start button, pause button, USB interface and keyboard case, wherein scram button, industrial computer button, start button and pause button are classified as a row, the front end of described frame is provided with flip door from top to bottom on the right side successively, blowing window and cost memory cell, the front side of flip door is provided with transparency window, the top of flip door is provided with nitrogen spring, the right side of frame is provided with side door, the top of frame is provided with cooling system and exhausting system, four, the lower end corner of frame is respectively equipped with pin cup, the inner side of pin cup is provided with castor, described blowing window inner side is connected with BGA clamping device, BGA clamping device is connected with feeding feed arrangement, the left side of feeding feed arrangement is provided with Guang Mu testing agency from inside to outside successively, industrial camera shade device, send tin ball device and capstan head mounting device, the right side of feeding feed arrangement from interior to being provided with solidification equipment and sticky tin cream device successively outward, the inner side of described industrial computer display screen is connected with control system, control system connects scram button respectively, industrial computer button, start button, pause button, USB interface, keyboard case, flip door, cost memory cell, cooling system, exhausting system, BGA clamping device, feeding feed arrangement, Guang Mu testing agency, industrial camera shade device, capstan head mounting device, solidification equipment and sticky tin cream device.
Further, described feeding feed arrangement comprises feeding feeding base, the both sides of feeding feeding base are respectively equipped with Y-axis guide rail, the inner side of Y-axis guide rail is provided with slide rail, the front end of slide rail is connected with Y-axis slide block annex, the inner side of Y-axis slide block annex is held rearward and is provided with feeding initial point banking stop, the forward end in outside of Y-axis slide block annex is respectively equipped with feeding limiting plate, the front side of Y-axis slide block annex is provided with triangle support plate and feeding base, the front side of triangle support plate is provided with motor, screw mandrel one is connected with between two Y-axis slide block annexes, the lower end of screw mandrel one is connected with driven synchronizing wheel one, the lower end of described motor is provided with active synchronization wheel one, active synchronization wheel one is connected with regulating wheel, regulating wheel connects driven synchronizing wheel one.
Further, described industrial camera shade device comprises holder, holder is connected with support column, the external rings of support column upper end is provided with light source support plate, the rear end of light source support plate is connected with light source support bar, the both sides of light source support plate are respectively equipped with and reinforce thimble and locking knob, the top of light source support plate is provided with camera fixed head, the upper end of camera fixed head is connected with linear position and moves micro actuator, the right side of camera fixed head is connected to camera mounting and adjusting plate and light source bracket, camera mounting and adjusting plate is connected with camera support, camera support is connected with camera lens, described light source bracket is connected with the coaxial light source corresponding with camera lens.
Further, described sticky tin cream device comprises motor, motor lower end is connected with screw mandrel by shaft joint, the outer ring on screw mandrel two top is provided with screw mandrel two bearing, the side of screw mandrel two bearing is provided with lower lock block, the lower end of screw mandrel two bearing is connected with tin cream limiting bracket, the front end of screw mandrel bearing is connected with tin cream cylinder installing plate two, tin cream cylinder installing plate two is provided with tin cover fixture, tin cover fixture inside is provided with tin cover, tin cover inside is provided with universal air nozzle connector, universal air nozzle connector is communicated with material cup, material cup lower end outside is equipped with and is fixed on tin cream cylinder installing plate one, material cup lower center place is communicated with tin cream joint, tin cream cylinder installing plate one lower end is connected with and connects tin cream cover plate, connect tin cream cover plate lower end and be connected with connection tin cream base plate, the side connecting tin cream cover plate is connected with scraper, scraper lower end is connected with out tin cylinder, go out the tin cylinder other end and connect tin cream cover plate, be connected with by feed screw nut outside the middle part of described screw mandrel two and press down axial filament bar holder, the outside pressing down axial filament bar holder is connected with sensing chip, and the lower outside of screw mandrel is connected with screw mandrel lower support seat, and the side of screw mandrel lower support seat is provided with camming movement device.
Further, described rotary type tower mounting device comprises servo motor, servo motor lower end is connected with gear three by shaft coupling two, gear three side has been connected with a joggle gear one and gear two simultaneously, the top of gear one is connected with capstan head upper mounted plate, the rear end of capstan head upper mounted plate is left, right side is respectively equipped with capstan head adpting flange and flange display, the front end of capstan head upper mounted plate is connected with push rod fixed head, suction nozzle push rod is provided with inside push rod fixed head, suction nozzle push rod lower end is provided with pressing block, the upper end of suction nozzle push rod is connected with suction nozzle bottom plate, the lower end, middle part of capstan head upper mounted plate is connected with capstan head fixed head, the outside of capstan head fixed head is equipped with capstan head adpting flange and bearing from top to bottom successively, the lower end of described gear one is connected with capstan head, the outside of capstan head is provided with some slide rails one, the outside of slide rail one is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head one, the outside that suction nozzle moves fixed head one is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head two, suction nozzle moves to be provided with below fixed head two and presses down fixed head, the lower end that suction nozzle moves fixed head one is connected with some suction nozzle claws, suction nozzle claw lower center place is arranged with nonstandard suction nozzle, described capstan head upper mounted plate lower cylindrical cam, cylindrical cam lower end outside is equipped with cam locus groove, Cam Follower is provided with in cam locus groove, the inwall that suction nozzle moves fixed head one is connected outside Cam Follower, the inside of described cylindrical cam is provided with swivel coupling, the lower end of swivel coupling is connected with capstan head rotary support flange, the lower end of capstan head rotary support flange is connected with capstan head pivot flange, the inner side of capstan head pivot flange is provided with bearing two, capstan head spring bearing is provided with in bearing two, capstan head spring bearing lower end is connected with capstan head gripper shoe, connect capstan head on rear side of capstan head gripper shoe and riser is installed.
Further, described solidification equipment comprises mounting base, the mounting base rear end place of keeping right is fixedly connected with cooling air duct one, the top of cooling air duct one is connected with cooling dome, infrared heating baffle plate is provided with above cooling dome, some infrared heating pipe are provided with above infrared heating baffle plate, infrared heating pipe is arranged at infrared heating mount pad, infrared heating mount pad outer setting has heating mantles, the middle part of described cooling air duct one is communicated with cooling air duct two, the outer end of cooling air duct two is connected with fan support block, and fan support block is provided with air blast, the front end of described mounting base is fixedly connected with several gripper shoes, the top of gripper shoe is connected with Y-axis support panel, Y-axis support panel lower end is connected with motor two, the power transmission shaft of motor two is arranged in Y-axis support panel, the upper end of the power transmission shaft of motor two is connected with active synchronization wheel two, active synchronization wheel two is connected with driven synchronizing wheel two, the center of driven synchronizing wheel two is equipped with feeding rotating shaft, the lower end of feeding rotating shaft is fixed on Y-axis support panel right-hand member by bearing three, feeding rotating shaft upper end external rings is provided with feeding and supports, the top that feeding supports is provided with rotating base, the lower end of rotating base connects feeding rotating shaft upper end, rotating base upper end is connected with slide rail two, slide rail two be provided with Moving-strip, the left end of Moving-strip is fixedly connected with and helps load fishplate bar, help the right-hand member of load fishplate bar on lower two, be connected with suction nozzle Y-axis in turn and move cylinder, suction nozzle moves up and down cylinder and the axis of guide, the left end of load fishplate bar is helped to be connected with discharging soup stick fixed block, the left end of discharging soup stick fixed block is connected with discharging soup stick, the left end of discharging soup stick is connected with BGA suction nozzle.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: 1, the present invention can automation sorting, the tin ball of automatic sucking and placement 0.3mm/0.35mm/0.4mm/0.45mm/0.5mm/0.6mm/0.65mm/0.76mm, and do not need to use steel mesh, the phenomenon that tin ball is scattered and wastes can be avoided.
2, the present invention is applicable to length of side 10mm to 48mm thickness is that the various of 0.5mm to 5mm have plumbous or unleaded bga chip.Machine can be located automatically, automatically identifies size and the thickness of BGA.
3, according to the size of bga chip and tin ball.Be no matter have plumbous and unleaded tin cream, this equipment can self-adjusting amount of compression, to the output tin cream of automatic order direct on the pad of bga chip, helping tin cream, avoiding the phenomenon changing steel mesh frequently without the need to brushing on bga chip.
4, built-in two manipulators of the present invention, can 360 ° of rotations.There is automatic pressing, feeding, the function of discharging, automatically can adjust according to the needs of its body position.
5, be furnished with vision positioning system and 15 cun of liquid crystal displays of high-resolution, guarantee mounting position precision ± 0.025mm.
6, under totally enclosed environment, carry out work, when artificial or environment division device is out of control, this equipment, by automatic pause (being included in the mechanism of this equipment previous work), does not affect the work of each device of operation below.Can work on after detecting problem.Guarantee under any abnormal conditions bga chip and the damage of first components and parts and the damage of equipment self.
7, the present invention is simple to operate, and automaticity is good, and speed is fast, and precision is high, plants 0.015 second/tin ball time, plants tin ball precision ± 0.025mm, reduces cost to a great extent, ensure that precision.
Accompanying drawing explanation
With reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention is described in further detail below.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation one of the BGA automatic ball-embedding machine described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation two of the BGA automatic ball-embedding machine described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the BGA clamping device structural representation described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the feeding feed arrangement structural representation one described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the feeding feed arrangement structural representation two described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the industrial camera shade apparatus structure schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 send tin ball device structural representation described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the sticky tin cream apparatus structure schematic diagram one described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the sticky tin cream apparatus structure schematic diagram two described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the sticky tin cream apparatus structure schematic diagram three described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 11 is the capstan head mounting device structural representation one described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the capstan head mounting device structural representation two described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the solidification equipment structural representation one described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 14 is the solidification equipment structural representation two described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 15 is the solidification equipment structural representation three described in the embodiment of the present invention;
Figure 16 is the solidification equipment structural representation four described in the embodiment of the present invention.
In figure:
1, frame; 2, industrial computer display screen; 3, scram button; 4, industrial computer button; 5, start button; 6, pause button; 7, USB interface; 8, keyboard case; 9, flip door; 10, blowing window; 11, cost memory cell; 12, transparency window; 13, side door; 14, cooling system; 15, exhausting system; 16, pin cup; 17, castor; 18, control system; 19, nitrogen spring; 20, BGA clamping device; 21, feeding feed arrangement; 22, Guang Mu testing agency; 23, industrial camera shade device; 24, capstan head mounting device; 25, solidification equipment; 26, sticky tin cream device; 27, feeding feeding base; 28, Y-axis guide rail; 29, slide rail; 30, Y-axis slide block annex; 31, triangle support plate; 32, feeding base; 33, feeding limiting plate; 34, motor; 35, screw mandrel one; 36, driven synchronizing wheel one; 37, active synchronization wheel one; 38, regulating wheel; 39, holder; 40, support column; 41, light source support plate; 42, light source support bar; 43, thimble is reinforced; 44, camera fixed head; 45, locking knob; 46, linear position moves micro actuator; 47, camera mounting and adjusting plate; 48, light source bracket; 49, camera support; 50, camera lens; 51, coaxial light source; 52, motor; 53, shaft joint; 54 ,screw mandrel two; 55, screw mandrel two bearing; 56, lower lock block; 57, tin cream cylinder installing plate two; 58, tin cover fixture; 59, tin cover; 60, cup is expected; 61, tin cream cylinder installing plate one; 62, tin cream cover plate is connected; 63, tin cream base plate is connected; 64, scraper; 65, tin cylinder is gone out; 66, axial filament bar holder is pressed down; 67, screw mandrel lower support seat; 68, sensing chip; 69, camming movement device; 70, tin cream limiting bracket; 71, servo motor; 72, shaft coupling two; 73, gear three; 74, gear one; 75, gear two; 76, capstan head upper mounted plate; 77, push rod fixed head; 78, suction nozzle push rod; 79, pressing block; 80, suction nozzle bottom plate; 81, capstan head adpting flange; 82, flange display; 83, capstan head fixed head; 84, capstan head adpting flange; 85, bearing; 86, slide rail one; 87, capstan head; 88, capstan head installs riser; 89, suction nozzle moves fixed head one; 90, suction nozzle moves fixed head two; 91, fixed head is pressed down; 92, capstan head gripper shoe; 93, suction nozzle claw; 94, cylindrical cam; 95, cam locus groove; 96, Cam Follower; 97, swivel coupling; 98, capstan head rotary support flange; 99, capstan head pivot flange; 100, bearing two; 101, capstan head spring bearing; 102, mounting base; 103, air duct one is cooled; 104, cooling dome; 105, infrared heating baffle plate; 106, infrared heating pipe; 107, infrared heating mount pad; 108, heating mantles; 109, gripper shoe; 110, Y-axis support panel; 111, motor two; 112, active synchronization wheel two; 113, driven synchronizing wheel two; 114, feeding rotating shaft; 115, feeding supports; 116, rotating base; 117, slide rail two; 118, Moving-strip; 119, suction nozzle Y-axis moves cylinder; 120, suction nozzle moves up and down cylinder; 121, load fishplate bar is helped; 122, the axis of guide; 123, discharging soup stick fixed block; 124, discharging soup stick; 125, BGA suction nozzle; 126, tin ball device is sent.
Detailed description of the invention
As illustrated in figs. 1-16, a kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine described in the embodiment of the present invention, comprise frame 1, the side place that keeps left, the front end of frame 1 is provided with industrial computer display screen 2 from top to bottom successively, scram button 3, industrial computer button 4, start button 5, pause button 6, USB interface 7 and keyboard case 8, wherein scram button 3, industrial computer button 4, start button 5 and pause button 6 are classified as a row, the front end of described frame 1 is provided with flip door 9 from top to bottom on the right side successively, blowing window 10 and cost memory cell 11, the front side of flip door 9 is provided with transparency window 12, the top of flip door 9 is provided with nitrogen spring 19, the right side of frame 1 is provided with side door 13, the top of frame 1 is provided with cooling system 14 and exhausting system 15, four, the lower end corner of frame 1 is respectively equipped with pin cup 16, the inner side of pin cup 16 is provided with castor 17, BGA clamping device 20 is connected with inside described blowing window 10, BGA clamping device 20 is connected with feeding feed arrangement 21, the left side of feeding feed arrangement 21 is provided with Guang Mu testing agency 22 from inside to outside successively, industrial camera shade device 23 and capstan head mounting device 24, the right side of feeding feed arrangement 21 from interior to being provided with solidification equipment 25 successively outward, send tin ball device 126 and sticky tin cream device 26, the inner side of described industrial computer display screen 2 is connected with control system 18, control system 18 connects scram button 3 respectively, industrial computer button 4, start button 5, pause button 6, USB interface 7, keyboard case 8, flip door 9, cost memory cell 11, cooling system 14, exhausting system 15, BGA clamping device 20, feeding feed arrangement 21, Guang Mu testing agency 22, industrial camera shade device 23, capstan head mounting device 24, solidification equipment 25 and sticky tin cream device 26.
Described feeding feed arrangement 21 comprises feeding feeding base 27, the both sides of feeding feeding base 27 are respectively equipped with Y-axis guide rail 28, the inner side of Y-axis guide rail 28 is provided with slide rail 29, the front end of slide rail 29 is connected with Y-axis slide block annex 30, the inner side of Y-axis slide block annex 30 is held rearward and is provided with feeding initial point banking stop 31, the forward end in outside of Y-axis slide block annex 30 is respectively equipped with feeding limiting plate 33, the front side of Y-axis slide block annex 30 is provided with triangle support plate 31 and feeding base 32, the front side of triangle support plate 31 is provided with motor 34, screw mandrel 1 is connected with between two Y-axis slide block annexes 30, the lower end of screw mandrel 1 is connected with driven synchronizing wheel 1, the lower end of described motor 34 is provided with active synchronization wheel 1, active synchronization wheel 1 is connected with regulating wheel 38, regulating wheel 38 connects driven synchronizing wheel 1.
Described industrial camera shade device 23 comprises holder 39, holder 39 is connected with support column 40, the external rings of support column 40 upper end is provided with light source support plate 41, the rear end of light source support plate 41 is connected with light source support bar 42, the both sides of light source support plate 41 are respectively equipped with and reinforce thimble 43 and locking knob 45, the top of light source support plate 41 is provided with camera fixed head 44, the upper end of camera fixed head 44 is connected with linear position and moves micro actuator 46, the right side of camera fixed head 44 is connected to camera mounting and adjusting plate 47 and light source bracket 48, camera mounting and adjusting plate 47 is connected with camera support 49, camera support 49 is connected with camera lens 50, described light source bracket 48 is connected with the coaxial light source 51 corresponding with camera lens 50.
Described sticky tin cream device 26 comprises motor 52, motor 52 lower end is connected with screw mandrel 54 by shaft joint 53, the outer ring on screw mandrel 2 54 top is provided with screw mandrel two bearing 55, the side of screw mandrel two bearing 55 is provided with lower lock block 56, the lower end of screw mandrel two bearing 55 is connected with tin cream limiting bracket 70, the front end of screw mandrel bearing 55 is connected with tin cream cylinder installing plate 2 57, tin cream cylinder installing plate 2 57 is provided with tin cover fixture 58, tin cover fixture 58 inside is provided with tin cover 59, tin cover 59 inside is provided with universal air nozzle connector 24, universal air nozzle connector 24 is communicated with material cup 60, material cup 60 lower end outside is equipped with and is fixed on tin cream cylinder installing plate 1, material cup 60 lower center place is communicated with tin cream joint 62, tin cream cylinder installing plate 1 lower end is connected with and connects tin cream cover plate 62, connect tin cream cover plate 62 lower end and be connected with connection tin cream base plate 63, the side connecting tin cream cover plate 62 is connected with scraper 64, scraper 64 lower end is connected with out tin cylinder 65, go out tin cylinder 65 other end and connect tin cream cover plate 62, be connected with by feed screw nut outside the middle part of described screw mandrel 2 54 and press down axial filament bar holder 66, the outside pressing down axial filament bar holder 66 is connected with sensing chip 68, the lower outside of screw mandrel 54 is connected with screw mandrel lower support seat 67, and the side of screw mandrel lower support seat 67 is provided with camming movement device 69.
Described rotary type tower mounting device 24 comprises servo motor 71, servo motor 71 lower end is connected with gear 3 73 by shaft coupling 2 72, gear 3 73 side has been connected with a joggle gear 1 and gear 2 75 simultaneously, the top of gear 1 is connected with capstan head upper mounted plate 76, the rear end of capstan head upper mounted plate 76 is left, right side is respectively equipped with capstan head adpting flange 81 and flange display 82, the front end of capstan head upper mounted plate 76 is connected with push rod fixed head 77, suction nozzle push rod 78 is provided with inside push rod fixed head 77, suction nozzle push rod 78 lower end is provided with pressing block 79, the upper end of suction nozzle push rod 78 is connected with suction nozzle bottom plate 80, the lower end, middle part of capstan head upper mounted plate 76 is connected with capstan head fixed head 83, the outside of capstan head fixed head 83 is equipped with capstan head adpting flange 84 and bearing 85 from top to bottom successively, the lower end of described gear 1 is connected with capstan head 87, the outside of capstan head 87 is provided with some slide rails 1, the outside of slide rail 1 is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head 1, the outside that suction nozzle moves fixed head 1 is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head 2 90, suction nozzle moves to be provided with below fixed head 2 90 and presses down fixed head 91, the lower end that suction nozzle moves fixed head 1 is connected with some suction nozzle claws 93, suction nozzle claw 93 lower center place is arranged with nonstandard suction nozzle 94, described capstan head upper mounted plate 76 lower cylindrical cam 94, cylindrical cam 94 lower end outside is equipped with cam locus groove 95, Cam Follower 96 is provided with in cam locus groove 95, the inwall that suction nozzle moves fixed head 1 is connected outside Cam Follower 96, the inside of described cylindrical cam 94 is provided with swivel coupling 97, the lower end of swivel coupling 97 is connected with capstan head rotary support flange 98, the lower end of capstan head rotary support flange 98 is connected with capstan head pivot flange 99, the inner side of capstan head pivot flange 99 is provided with bearing 2 100, capstan head spring bearing 101 is provided with in bearing 2 100, capstan head spring bearing 101 lower end is connected with capstan head gripper shoe 92, connect capstan head on rear side of capstan head gripper shoe 92 and riser 88 is installed.
Described solidification equipment 25 comprises mounting base 102, the mounting base 102 rear end place of keeping right is fixedly connected with cooling air duct 1, the top of cooling air duct 1 is connected with cooling dome 104, infrared heating baffle plate 105 is provided with above cooling dome 104, some infrared heating pipe 106 are provided with above infrared heating baffle plate 105, infrared heating pipe 106 is arranged at infrared heating mount pad 107, infrared heating mount pad 107 outer setting has heating mantles 108, the middle part of described cooling air duct 1 is communicated with cooling air duct 2 126, the outer end of cooling air duct 2 126 is connected with fan support block 127, fan support block 127 is provided with air blast 128, the front end of described mounting base 102 is fixedly connected with several gripper shoes 109, the top of gripper shoe 109 is connected with Y-axis support panel 110, Y-axis support panel 110 lower end is connected with motor 2 111, the power transmission shaft of motor 2 111 is arranged in Y-axis support panel 110, the upper end of the power transmission shaft of motor 2 111 is connected with active synchronization wheel 2 112, active synchronization wheel 2 112 is connected with driven synchronizing wheel 2 113, the center of driven synchronizing wheel 2 113 is equipped with feeding rotating shaft 114, the lower end of feeding rotating shaft 114 is fixed on Y-axis support panel 110 right-hand member by bearing three, feeding rotating shaft 114 upper end external rings is provided with feeding and supports 115, the top of feeding support 115 is provided with rotating base 116, the lower end of rotating base 116 connects feeding rotating shaft 114 upper end, rotating base 116 upper end is connected with slide rail 2 117, slide rail 2 117 be provided with Moving-strip 118, the left end of Moving-strip 118 is fixedly connected with and helps load fishplate bar 121, help the right-hand member of load fishplate bar 121 on lower two, be connected with suction nozzle Y-axis in turn and move cylinder 119, suction nozzle moves up and down cylinder 120 and the axis of guide 122, the left end of load fishplate bar 121 is helped to be connected with discharging soup stick fixed block 123, the left end of discharging soup stick fixed block 123 is connected with discharging soup stick 124, the left end of discharging soup stick 124 is connected with BGA suction nozzle 125.
The present invention is when specific works, need to set up new archive for each BGA coordinate data in control system 18, and the data parameters energy display Name of correspondence or model, can be confirmed whether to match with the product of existing database by input product model or designated pictures if desired, identical then can call, different then saves as new archive, in order to calling next time.Concrete steps are as follows:
1, first carry out artificial blowing, be about to relevant material and put into blowing window 10, then press start button 5 and start BGA clamping device.
2, press pause button, four clamping cylinders of BGA clamping device 20 clamp BGA simultaneously.
4, BGA clamping device 20 (if do not leave, equipment can not operate) is left in the action that manually terminates to feed intake.
5, press pause button and be transformed into continuation, the Y-axis of feeding feed arrangement 21 sends into BGA that (BGA enters picture-taking position.Guang Mu testing agency 22 carries out detection and puts in place.
7, industrial camera shade device 23 carries out (the extracting Mark point coordinates) X that takes pictures, Y-axis simultaneous displacement is to first Mark point position (preparation starts to plant ball), carry out Separation of Tin ball, whether Guang Mu testing agency 22 has Wuxi ball, if Wuxi ball is sent instruction of at once reporting to the police.
8, the pressure apparatus extruding tin cream of sticky tin cream device 26, form tin ball, the motor 52 of sticky tin ball device 26 declines and draws tin ball, and motor 52 rises, and capstan head mounting device 24 carries out relevant attachment, and solidification equipment is cured BGA, finally completes BGA tin ball sealing dress..
9, the servo motor of capstan head mounting device 24 rotation 45 degree of stoppings clockwise. motor 52 declines and continues to draw tin ball, and nonstandard suction nozzle 94 declines and discharges tin ball, X, the next Mark point of Y-axis displacement.
10, BGA plant ball complete after Y-axis return picture-taking position, whether having leakage to plant ball to have leakage to plant ball if again take pictures to detect to BGA, carrying out after-culture action (extract coordinate to leaking the Mark point of planting, the Mark point coordinates of artificial nucleus to extraction confirms).
12, after-culture process (X, Y-axis displacement is leaked and planted Mark point position, and Z axis declines and carries out after-culture action), if plant without leakage, Z axis rising Aligning control, X-axis Aligning control, after receiving the signal of temperature controller,
13, air blast 128 works, and carries out cooling processing.General tens one or two minutes.
14, discharging cylinder is delivered to hopper BGA and is terminated BGA and plant ball action.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned preferred forms; anyone can draw other various forms of products under enlightenment of the present invention; no matter but any change is done in its shape or structure; every have identical with the application or akin technical scheme, all drops within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a BGA automatic ball-embedding machine, comprise frame (1), the side place that keeps left, the front end of frame (1) is provided with industrial computer display screen (2) from top to bottom successively, scram button (3), industrial computer button (4), start button (5), pause button (6), USB interface (7) and keyboard case (8), wherein scram button (3), industrial computer button (4), start button (5) and pause button (6) are classified as a row, it is characterized in that: the front end of described frame (1) is provided with flip door (9) from top to bottom on the right side successively, blowing window (10) and cost memory cell (11), the front side of flip door (9) is provided with transparency window (12), the top of flip door (9) is provided with nitrogen spring (19), the right side of frame (1) is provided with side door (13), the top of frame (1) is provided with cooling system (14) and exhausting system (15), four, the lower end corner of frame (1) is respectively equipped with pin cup (16), the inner side of pin cup (16) is provided with castor (17), described blowing window (10) inner side is connected with BGA clamping device (20), and BGA clamping device (20) is connected with feeding feed arrangement (21), and the left side of feeding feed arrangement (21) is provided with Guang Mu testing agency (22) from inside to outside successively, industrial camera shade device (23) and capstan head mounting device (24), the right side of feeding feed arrangement (21) from interior to being provided with solidification equipment (25) successively outward, send tin ball device (126) and sticky tin cream device (26), the inner side of described industrial computer display screen (2) is connected with control system (18), and control system (18) connects scram button (3) respectively, industrial computer button (4), start button (5), pause button (6), USB interface (7), keyboard case (8), flip door (9), cost memory cell (11), cooling system (14), exhausting system (15), BGA clamping device (20), feeding feed arrangement (21), Guang Mu testing agency (22), industrial camera shade device (23), capstan head mounting device (24), solidification equipment (25) and sticky tin cream device (26).
2. BGA automatic ball-embedding machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feeding feed arrangement (21) comprises feeding feeding base (27), the both sides of feeding feeding base (27) are respectively equipped with Y-axis guide rail (28), the inner side of Y-axis guide rail (28) is provided with slide rail (29), the front end of slide rail (29) is connected with Y-axis slide block annex (30), the inner side of Y-axis slide block annex (30) is held rearward and is provided with feeding initial point banking stop (31), the forward end in outside of Y-axis slide block annex (30) is respectively equipped with feeding limiting plate (33), the front side of Y-axis slide block annex (30) is provided with triangle support plate (31) and feeding base (32), the front side of triangle support plate (31) is provided with motor (34), screw mandrel one (35) is connected with between two Y-axis slide block annexes (30), the lower end of screw mandrel one (35) is connected with driven synchronizing wheel one (36), the lower end of described motor (34) is provided with active synchronization wheel one (37), active synchronization wheel one (37) is connected with regulating wheel (38), regulating wheel (38) connects driven synchronizing wheel one (36).
3. BGA automatic ball-embedding machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: industrial camera shade device (23) comprises holder (39), holder (39) is connected with support column (40), the external rings of support column (40) upper end is provided with light source support plate (41), the rear end of light source support plate (41) is connected with light source support bar (42), the both sides of light source support plate (41) are respectively equipped with and reinforce thimble (43) and locking knob (45), the top of light source support plate (41) is provided with camera fixed head (44), the upper end of camera fixed head (44) is connected with linear position and moves micro actuator (46), the right side of camera fixed head (44) is connected to camera mounting and adjusting plate (47) and light source bracket (48), camera mounting and adjusting plate (47) is connected with camera support (49), camera support (49) is connected with camera lens (50), described light source bracket (48) is connected with the coaxial light source (51) corresponding with camera lens (50).
4. BGA automatic ball-embedding machine according to claim 3, it is characterized in that: described sticky tin cream device (26) comprises motor (52), motor (52) lower end is connected with screw mandrel two (54) by shaft joint (53), the outer ring on screw mandrel two (54) top is provided with screw mandrel two bearing (55), the side of screw mandrel two bearing (55) is provided with lower lock block (56), the lower end of screw mandrel two bearing (55) is connected with tin cream limiting bracket (70), the front end of screw mandrel bearing (55) is connected with tin cream cylinder installing plate two (57), tin cream cylinder installing plate two (57) is provided with tin cover fixture (58), tin cover fixture (58) inside is provided with tin cover (59), tin cover (59) inside is provided with universal air nozzle connector (24), universal air nozzle connector (24) is communicated with material cup (60), material cup (60) lower end outside is equipped with and is fixed on tin cream cylinder installing plate one (61), material cup (60) lower center place is communicated with tin cream joint, tin cream cylinder installing plate one (61) lower end is connected with and connects tin cream cover plate (62), connect tin cream cover plate (62) lower end and be connected with connection tin cream base plate (63), the side connecting tin cream cover plate (62) is connected with scraper (64), scraper (64) lower end is connected with out tin cylinder (65), go out tin cylinder (65) other end and connect tin cream cover plate (62), be connected with by feed screw nut outside the middle part of described screw mandrel two (54) and press down axial filament bar holder (66), the outside pressing down axial filament bar holder (66) is connected with sensing chip (68), the lower outside of screw mandrel two (54) is connected with screw mandrel lower support seat (67), and the side of screw mandrel lower support seat (67) is provided with camming movement device (69).
5. BGA automatic ball-embedding machine according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described rotary type tower mounting device (24) comprises servo motor (71), servo motor (71) lower end is connected with gear three (73) by shaft coupling two (72), gear three (73) side has been connected with a joggle gear one (74) and gear two (75) simultaneously, the top of gear one (74) is connected with capstan head upper mounted plate (76), the rear end of capstan head upper mounted plate (76) is left, right side is respectively equipped with capstan head adpting flange (81) and flange display (82), the front end of capstan head upper mounted plate (76) is connected with push rod fixed head (77), push rod fixed head (77) inner side is provided with suction nozzle push rod (78), suction nozzle push rod (78) lower end is provided with pressing block (79), the upper end of suction nozzle push rod (78) is connected with suction nozzle bottom plate (80), the lower end, middle part of capstan head upper mounted plate (76) is connected with capstan head fixed head (83), the outside of capstan head fixed head (83) is equipped with capstan head adpting flange (84) and bearing (85) from top to bottom successively, the lower end of described gear one (74) is connected with capstan head (87), the outside of capstan head (87) is provided with some slide rails one (86), the outside of slide rail one (86) is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head one (89), the outside that suction nozzle moves fixed head one (89) is provided with suction nozzle and moves fixed head two (90), suction nozzle moves fixed head two (90) below and is provided with and presses down fixed head (91), the lower end that suction nozzle moves fixed head one (89) is connected with some suction nozzle claws (93), suction nozzle claw (93) lower center place is arranged with nonstandard suction nozzle (94), described capstan head upper mounted plate (76) lower cylindrical cam (94), cylindrical cam (94) lower end outside is equipped with cam locus groove (95), Cam Follower (96) is provided with in cam locus groove (95), Cam Follower (96) outside connects the inwall that suction nozzle moves fixed head one (89), the inside of described cylindrical cam (94) is provided with swivel coupling (97), the lower end of swivel coupling (97) is connected with capstan head rotary support flange (98), the lower end of capstan head rotary support flange (98) is connected with capstan head pivot flange (99), the inner side of capstan head pivot flange (99) is provided with bearing two (100), capstan head spring bearing (101) is provided with in bearing two (100), capstan head spring bearing (101) lower end is connected with capstan head gripper shoe (92), capstan head gripper shoe (92) rear side connects capstan head and installs riser (88).
6. BGA automatic ball-embedding machine according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described solidification equipment (25) comprises mounting base (102), mounting base (102) the rear end place of keeping right is fixedly connected with cooling air duct one (103), the top of cooling air duct one (103) is connected with cooling dome (104), cooling dome (104) top is provided with infrared heating baffle plate (105), infrared heating baffle plate (105) top is provided with some infrared heating pipe (106), infrared heating pipe (106) is arranged at infrared heating mount pad (107), infrared heating mount pad (107) outer setting has heating mantles (108), the middle part of described cooling air duct one (103) is communicated with cooling air duct two (126), the outer end of cooling air duct two (126) is connected with fan support block (127), fan support block (127) is provided with air blast (128), the front end of described mounting base (102) is fixedly connected with several gripper shoes (109), the top of gripper shoe (109) is connected with Y-axis support panel (110), Y-axis support panel (110) lower end is connected with motor two (111), the power transmission shaft of motor two (111) is arranged in Y-axis support panel (110), the upper end of the power transmission shaft of motor two (111) is connected with active synchronization wheel two (112), active synchronization wheel two (112) is connected with driven synchronizing wheel two (113), the center of driven synchronizing wheel two (113) is equipped with feeding rotating shaft (114), the lower end of feeding rotating shaft (114) is fixed on Y-axis support panel (110) right-hand member by bearing three, feeding rotating shaft (114) upper end external rings is provided with feeding and supports (115), the top that feeding supports (115) is provided with rotating base (116), the lower end of rotating base (116) connects feeding rotating shaft (114) upper end, rotating base (116) upper end is connected with slide rail two (117), slide rail two (117) be provided with Moving-strip (118), the left end of Moving-strip (118) is fixedly connected with and helps load fishplate bar (121), help the right-hand member of load fishplate bar (121) to be connected with suction nozzle Y-axis from bottom to top in turn and move cylinder (119), suction nozzle moves up and down cylinder (120) and the axis of guide (122), the left end of load fishplate bar (121) is helped to be connected with discharging soup stick fixed block (123), the left end of discharging soup stick fixed block (123) is connected with discharging soup stick (124), the left end of discharging soup stick (124) is connected with BGA suction nozzle (125).
CN201310112435.0A 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 A kind of BGA automatic ball-embedding machine Active CN103252552B (en)

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CN103871915B (en) * 2014-03-24 2016-08-17 上海微松工业自动化有限公司 Manually BGA ball attachment machine
CN105436095B (en) * 2014-08-29 2018-03-27 上海微松工业自动化有限公司 A kind of ball grid array structure chip blanking equipment
CN106695138B (en) * 2016-12-31 2020-08-14 武汉博联特科技有限公司 Solder ball distributing mechanism
CN108544049A (en) * 2018-04-18 2018-09-18 昆山振顺电子科技有限公司 A kind of tin cream device
CN110565058B (en) * 2019-08-29 2021-07-27 江苏长电科技股份有限公司 Magnetron sputtering method of BGA product

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CN101005018A (en) * 2006-01-16 2007-07-25 台达电子工业股份有限公司 Article and its ball planting method
CN1984535A (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-06-20 华为技术有限公司 Method for implanting circuit board
CN101140889B (en) * 2007-10-16 2010-05-12 天津大学 Automatic welding ball packaging metal ball embedding method and apparatus
CN101719476A (en) * 2009-12-07 2010-06-02 苏州富士胶片映像机器有限公司 High-precision automatic ball-embedding equipment and BGA solder ball-embedding method using same
CN102881599B (en) * 2012-09-18 2016-05-04 奈电软性科技电子(珠海)有限公司 BGA plants ball technique

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