CN103251123B - A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system - Google Patents

A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103251123B
CN103251123B CN201310197550.2A CN201310197550A CN103251123B CN 103251123 B CN103251123 B CN 103251123B CN 201310197550 A CN201310197550 A CN 201310197550A CN 103251123 B CN103251123 B CN 103251123B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
water tank
condenser
condensation
cyclic
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201310197550.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103251123A (en
Inventor
牛社民
张蒙生
罗健
靳光磊
万永华
尚良君
唐培丽
黄会民
赵新民
刘建军
赵东峰
徐正义
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd filed Critical China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co Ltd
Priority to CN201310197550.2A priority Critical patent/CN103251123B/en
Publication of CN103251123A publication Critical patent/CN103251123A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103251123B publication Critical patent/CN103251123B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system, comprise condenser and cyclic water tank, the bottom of described condenser is provided with steam inlet, condensation-water drain, recirculated water entrance, circulating water outlet, condensation-water drain, circulating water outlet are connected with cyclic water tank by pipeline, described recirculated water entrance is connected with cyclic water tank by circulating pump, be provided with radiating tube in described cyclic water tank, described condensation-water drain is connected with radiating tube by pipeline.The present invention is to reduce Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger resistance and to improve heat exchange efficiency for starting point, meet injecting type vacuum conditioner steam ejection discharge remaining vapour have instantaneous, interval and large discharge feature, radiator is carried out structural design as vapour condenser more than a kind of steam, and the auxiliary products that can be used as the type vacuum conditioner use.

Description

A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system
Technical field
The present invention relates to vacuum conditioner, particularly relate to a kind of waste heat recovery apparatus for vacuum conditioner.
Background technology
Injecting type vacuum conditioner is widely applied at tobacco cutting production line at present, vacuum conditioner is primary processing line key processing equipment, its effect is that the smoked sheet be stored in cylindrical shell is aspirated into 9.80kpa(absolute pressure) negative-pressure vacuum, the expansion completing sheet cigarette is loose, go blue foreign smell, desinsection, warming and humidifying technique.Aspiration vacuum relies on steam ejection pump to realize, and steam jet pump need consume steam 330kg/ and criticize (pot), and the remaining vapour that these steam is formed is general all introduces outdoor directly to sky discharge as waste vapour, not only causes thermal waste but also produces certain impact to environment.At present, remaining vapour energy recovery is generally adopted in two ways both at home and abroad, and one is direct absorption, and two is that heat exchange is absorption, the former directly contacts with the cylindrical shell air of exhaust steam and suction by cooling water, heat energy reclaims thoroughly for the first time, but the hot water reclaimed is contaminated, can not directly utilize, second heat is needed to exchange, heat energy heat radiation is serious, though therefore there is cigar mill to use, applies and is restricted; The latter is absorbed by heat exchanger, and reclaiming hot water can directly be utilized, and organic efficiency is high, but the resistance of heat exchanging organ pipe has particular design requirement.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system, for carrying out recuperation of heat to injection type vacuum conditioner steam waste heat, improving this kind equipment waste vapour and energy waste and noise pollution are caused, energy-conserving and environment-protective to sky discharge.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system, comprise condenser and cyclic water tank, the bottom of described condenser is provided with steam inlet, condensation-water drain, recirculated water entrance, circulating water outlet, condensation-water drain, circulating water outlet are connected with cyclic water tank by pipeline, described recirculated water entrance is connected with cyclic water tank by circulating pump, be provided with radiating tube in described cyclic water tank, described condensation-water drain is connected with radiating tube by pipeline.
The bottom of described condenser is vertically provided with dividing plate, and described dividing plate both sides are respectively recirculated water entrance and circulating water outlet.
Described condenser is vertical.
Described condenser top is provided with floss hole.
Described condenser side is provided with deflector.
Described circulating pump is two groups, adopts parallel way to connect.
Cyclic water tank is provided with water thermometer.
Described condenser is shell-and-tube heat exchanger.
Described condenser is vertically provided with heat exchanger tube, and heat exchanger tube adopts double back journey transposition square arrangement.
Described adjacent heat exchange tube spacing is 1.4d, d is heat exchanger tube external diameter.
The present invention is to reduce Tube Sheet of Heat Exchanger resistance and to improve heat exchange efficiency for starting point, meet injecting type vacuum conditioner steam ejection discharge remaining vapour have instantaneous, interval and large discharge feature, radiator is carried out structural design as vapour condenser more than a kind of steam, the auxiliary products that can be used as the type vacuum conditioner use, result shows, steam waste heat temperature drops to 80 DEG C by 110-120 DEG C, and coolant water temperature can bring up to 60-70 DEG C, reaches energy-saving and emission-reduction object.
1. the waste vapour stram condenser of the present invention's manufacture, is applicable to vacuum conditioner air-breathing injection type steam jet pump waste vapour energy recovery, can be used as the auxiliary products of injecting type vacuum conditioner;
2. this condenser absorbs and has instantaneous, large discharge, low pressure vapor feature, and the steam process pressure drop that is condensed is little, is easy to the discharge of air in steam;
3. adopt fixed tube sheet shell-and-tube heat exchanger, on radiator, lower end cap dismounting is simple and easy, and radiating tube is easy to cleaning;
4. radiating tube is designed with expansion joint, and anti-rising-heat contracting-cold is strong, and shelf life is long;
The present invention adopts vertical installation, and area of dissipation is large, recuperation of heat ability foot.
The present invention is tobacco cutting production line key processing equipment---injecting type vacuum conditioner, be equipped with steam heat recovery condenser, for this kind equipment steam ejection pump is discharged low pressure, wink stream, large discharge, steam and air mixing used heat carries out waste heat recovery, improve this kind equipment waste vapour and energy waste and noise pollution are caused to sky discharge, realize industry energy conservation environmental protection.Adopt shell-and-tube fixed tube sheet condenser of the present invention, composition heat reclaiming system, the remaining vapour of discharge is through shell side by radiating tube cooling water condensation, and waste heat is absorbed, steam-condensation; Absorb the cooling water of heat energy through radiating tube iterative cycles, be stored in water tank, temperature can bring up to 60-70 DEG C, can be used as the moisturizing of bathing heat-exchange apparatus, thus saves bathing steam consumption.
Test through certain cigar mill, this cigar mill average daily cigarette output 1100 case (about 40000kg tobacco leaf), damping machine batch processed tobacco leaf ability is 2400kg/ pot, produces 15 pots day, and the accumulative discharge remaining vapour time is 2 hours, after adopting the present invention, reclaim heat energy 2 × 2.23MW, produce 60 DEG C of hot water 75 tons day, hot water can be used for the occasions such as bathing, saved the heat energy that corresponding fuel combustion produces, economic benefit and social benefit remarkable.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is waste heat recovery pipe network of the present invention and device layout schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of condenser of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic cross-section of condenser radiating tube arrangement.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention by former to sky discharge more than vapour through heat exchanger condensation, heat energy be cooled water absorb, cooling water is heated by iterative cycles, improve heating after cooling water temperature after, cooling water can be re-used.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes condenser 1 and cyclic water tank 2.
As shown in Figure 2, the bottom of condenser 1 is provided with four mouths, is respectively steam inlet 3, condensation-water drain 4, recirculated water entrance 5, circulating water outlet 6.Steam inlet 3 is connected with damping machine by steam pipework.Condensation-water drain 4, circulating water outlet 6 are connected with cyclic water tank 2 by pipeline.The top of condenser 1 is provided with floss hole 7.Be provided with deflector 8 near condenser 1 inner left wall place, bottom condenser 1, centre position is vertically provided with dividing plate 9.
As shown in Figure 1, cyclic water tank 2 top is provided with running water moisturizing water pipe and observes lid, the water return outlet 12 of cold water stretches into from cyclic water tank 2 top, the bottom of cyclic water tank 2 is provided with the delivery port 11 of cold water, radiating tube 10 is wound with in the counter offer of cyclic water tank 2 bottom inside, the left end of radiating tube 10 and condensation-water drain 4 are by pipeline communication, and the right-hand member of radiating tube 10 stretches out from the right side of cyclic water tank 2.Cyclic water tank 2 outer right wall is also provided with water-level gauge 15 and water thermometer 16, in order to sensed water level height and water temperature.
Between delivery port 11 and recirculated water entrance 5, adopt binary channels way of supplying water, adopt the circulating pump 13 of two groups of parallel connections, the left hand inlet port of circulating pump 13 is equipped with filter 14.
Condenser 1 is shell-and-tube heat exchanger, adopts vertical, adopts vertical object to be to reduce the impact of pipe resistance on discharge of steam, as carried out two backhaul design to water circulation; Increase water circulation tube side, match with former remaining vapour delivery pipe diameter.And design by Special vacuum waste heat condensation device, reduce pipe resistance as far as possible and improve heat exchange area and heat exchange efficiency.
As shown in Figure 2,3, for ensureing that steam has good heat radiation in condensation process, the heat pipe of condenser 1 adopts welding copper pipe, for the ease of cleaning, 25 × 2(external diameter × thickness of employing standard) heat dissipation copper pipe, heat exchanger tube adopts double back journey transposition square arrangement, and adjacent heat exchange tube spacing is 1.4d (d is heat exchanger tube external diameter), and its queueing discipline as shown in Figure 2.By this rule, can φ 800 cylinder section (2 × 181=362 root radiating tube to be placed by tube sheet), tube sheet side-looking is as shown in Figure 3.
Use procedure:
As shown in Figure 1, having temperature is vapour more than the vacuum conditioning two-stage injection pump of 110-120 DEG C, after discharging from vacuum conditioner, enter from the steam inlet 3 of condenser 1 bottom, steam is walked outside radiating tube, under the water conservancy diversion of deflector 8, reduces flow velocity, increase tube side, its heat energy is absorbed by the water at low temperature of the Bottomhole pressure that dispels the heat, and carries out heat exchange, steam-condensation Cheng Shui, condensate water is discharged from the condensation-water drain 4 of bottom, and the water vapour of non-total condensation is drained from top discharge mouth 7; Recirculated water entrance 5 bottom cold water condenser enters, heated in walking to manage, water walks round trip in pipe within the condenser, at top, plug is turned back, carry out secondary heat absorption, water is drained after being heated from condenser 1, and condensed water is heat release again when cyclic water tank 2, and the condensed water heat energy emitted is fully utilized; Cooling water constantly circulates thus improves its water temperature, thus reaches the temperature that can utilize.
Relevant calculating
One, the calculating of area of dissipation A
A=πd(L-2δ-0.006)n
Wherein, d----radiating tube external diameter, gets 0.025m
L----radiating tube length, gets 4m
δ----tube plate thickness, gets 0.015m
N----pipe radical, gets 362
Then A=3.14 × 0.025 (4-2 × 0.015-0.006) × 362=112.6(m 2)
Tube side circulation area
S=【πd 2-π(d-2τ) 2】/4×n
Wherein, d----radiating tube external diameter, gets 0.025m
τ----radiating tube thickness, gets 0.002m
N----pipe radical, gets 262
S=[3.14 × 0.025 2-3.14(0.025-2 × 0.002) 2]/4 × 181=0.026(m 2) (suitable DN180)
Shell side circulation area
S=(πD 2-nπd 2)/4
Wherein, D----thimble diameter, gets 0.6m
D----radiating tube external diameter, gets 0.025m
N----pipe radical, gets 472
S=(3.14 × 0.6 2-362 × 3.14 × 0.025 2)/4=0.105(m 2) (suitable DN365)
Housing is low-alloy steel cylinder, φ 800 × 6, length 4 meters
The voltage drop value of steam is 15 ~ 35kPa, (0.015 ~ 0.035MPa)
Cooling water flow velocity: 0.7 ~ 1.0m/s
Steam flow rate in pipe: be greater than 1.5m/s
Two, the calculating of thermic load
Condensation can be divided into two stages, first stage, latent heat treatment; 0.1MPa (gauge pressure) steam is down to 0MPa(gauge pressure by 110 DEG C) 100 DEG C of water vapours, its thermal release is the difference of the total enthalpy of two states, is 2691.26KJ/kg-2675.71KJ/kg=15.55KJ/kg; Second stage is by 0bar(gauge pressure) 100 DEG C of saturated vapors are down to 60 DEG C of hot water and continue release heat energy, and be the difference of its enthalpy, 2675.71-376.96=2298.75KJ/kg, two stages add up to heat releases to be 2314.3KJ/kg.
Remaining vapour emission flow 3465kg/h, batch discharge capacity is 462kg, then the heat of every pot of smoke condensation release is:
2314.3KJ/kg×462kg=1069206.6KJ
Its transient thermal load is: 1069206.6KJ/480s=2227.5KJ/s=2.23MW.
Wherein, Q----thermic load, J/s
---the mass flow of-hot fluid, kg/s;
---the specific heat at constant pressure of-hot fluid, J/ (kg. DEG C);
---the inlet temperature of-hot fluid, DEG C; 110 DEG C
---the outlet temperature of-hot fluid, DEG C; 60 DEG C
C-refrigerant body
The specific heat at constant pressure 4.2KJ/ (kg. DEG C) of water, the flow of water is 13.9kgs;
Water heats up: =38.1 DEG C
Two fluid mean temperature differences
The temperature difference of water : 38 DEG C
The temperature difference of steam =110-60=50 DEG C
Mean temperature difference is 44 DEG C
Wherein, Q----thermic load, W
A----heat exchange area, m 2
----carry out heat exchange two fluid mean temperature difference, DEG C
K-overall heat-transfer coefficient, W/m 2. DEG C
Then overall heat-transfer coefficient K is:
2230000/(43*112.6)=450W/m 2.℃.
Three, the type selecting of water circulating pump and pipeline
The specific heat at constant pressure 4.2 of water, the tube side circulation area of water is equivalent to DN180 caliber, and the flow control of water is at 0.5m/s, then the tube side flow of water is
Q=πd 2/4×V=3.14×0.180 2×0.5/4=0.012717m 3/s=45m 3/h
Hydraulic pressure is 0.2MPa, and look into Shanghai East Pump Co., Ltd Piping Centrifugal Pumps type selecting table, choose Model of pump: DFG80-125/2R/5.5 Piping Centrifugal Pumps, the tubing pump selected, its metered flow is 50m 3/ s, lift 20 meters, power of motor is 5.5KW, rotating speed 2900 revs/min, and import and export diameter is DN80.
Being calculated as follows of caliber:
Wherein, Q----is by the flow (m of pipeline 3/ h), get 100
V-----flow velocity (m/s), getting 1.5-2.2 is economic velocity, gets 2.0 here
Choose DN80 caliber comparatively suitable, the pipeline of its correspondence is φ 89 × 3.5 hot rolled seamless steel tube.

Claims (1)

1. a vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system, it is characterized in that: comprise condenser and cyclic water tank, the bottom of described condenser is provided with steam inlet, condensation-water drain, recirculated water entrance, circulating water outlet, condensation-water drain, circulating water outlet are connected with cyclic water tank by pipeline, described recirculated water entrance is connected with cyclic water tank by circulating pump, be wound with radiating tube in the counter offer of cyclic water tank bottom inside, described condensation-water drain is connected with radiating tube by pipeline; The bottom of described condenser is vertically provided with dividing plate, and described dividing plate both sides are respectively recirculated water entrance and circulating water outlet; Described condenser is vertically provided with heat exchanger tube, and heat exchanger tube adopts double back journey transposition square arrangement; Described condenser is vertical; The water return outlet of cold water stretches into from cyclic water tank top, and the bottom of cyclic water tank is provided with the delivery port of cold water; Described condenser top is provided with floss hole; Described condenser side is provided with deflector; Described circulating pump is two groups, adopts parallel way to connect; Cyclic water tank is provided with water thermometer; Described condenser is shell-and-tube heat exchanger; Adjacent heat exchange tube spacing is 1.4d, d is heat exchanger tube external diameter.
CN201310197550.2A 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system Active CN103251123B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310197550.2A CN103251123B (en) 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310197550.2A CN103251123B (en) 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103251123A CN103251123A (en) 2013-08-21
CN103251123B true CN103251123B (en) 2016-03-02

Family

ID=48955634

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310197550.2A Active CN103251123B (en) 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103251123B (en)

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105962409B (en) * 2016-07-18 2019-01-08 红塔烟草(集团)有限责任公司 Vacuum conditioner condensate water recovery device and the vacuum conditioner
CN109827454B (en) * 2019-01-26 2021-01-08 杭州富阳永星化工有限公司 Steam recycling system
CN112179160A (en) * 2020-09-16 2021-01-05 安徽沛愉包装科技有限公司 Control method of heat exchanger
CN113446619A (en) * 2021-06-24 2021-09-28 华能秦煤瑞金发电有限责任公司 Cold air steam heating device

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200941017Y (en) * 2006-06-30 2007-08-29 淄博创尔沃中央空调有限公司 High efficiency, constant flow rate heat recovery device
CN201246977Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-05-27 卓永冰 Waste heat recovery utilizing apparatus of steam injecting vacuum pump
CN201811213U (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-04-27 广州市俞锋织造有限公司 Combined steam condensate recycling device

Family Cites Families (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1022643C (en) * 1991-01-26 1993-11-03 大连理工大学 Vertical calandria heat exchanger operated in condensed steam-water drip mode
MY121525A (en) * 1999-03-11 2006-01-28 Nippon Catalytic Chem Ind Shell-and tube heat exchanger and method for inhibiting polymerization in the shell-and-tube heat exchanger
JP2007232272A (en) * 2006-03-01 2007-09-13 Mitsubishi Heavy Ind Ltd Latent heat recovery boiler and gasification system using same
CN201043744Y (en) * 2007-04-18 2008-04-02 淄博万丰煤气设备有限公司 Waste heat recovery system of double zone gas producer
CN103105075B (en) * 2013-01-24 2014-09-10 东南大学 U-shaped tubular condenser of vertical type spiral baffle plate

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200941017Y (en) * 2006-06-30 2007-08-29 淄博创尔沃中央空调有限公司 High efficiency, constant flow rate heat recovery device
CN201246977Y (en) * 2008-07-03 2009-05-27 卓永冰 Waste heat recovery utilizing apparatus of steam injecting vacuum pump
CN201811213U (en) * 2010-10-09 2011-04-27 广州市俞锋织造有限公司 Combined steam condensate recycling device

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103251123A (en) 2013-08-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103251123B (en) A kind of vacuum conditioner residual neat recovering system
CN202768090U (en) Recovery system of dead steam waste heat
CN202734021U (en) Smoke total heat recovery system of direct contact type gas-fired boiler
CN102748963B (en) Closed water cooling system with double-evaporative cooling pressure
CN206130947U (en) Steam making devices and direct compression formula heat pump system
CN103954039B (en) Device and method for recycling smoke condensate heat energy of gas boiler in heat pumping mode
CN206832073U (en) A kind of steam cooling recovery system
CN102563609B (en) Condensate-recycling system
CN105403067B (en) One kind utilizes industrial exhaust heat condensed water demisting cooling tower
CN206488677U (en) Aluminium cell low temperature exhaust heat recycling system
CN103727768B (en) A kind of heat accumulating type overlapping heat pump secondary backheat dehydration drying room system
CN202860146U (en) Combined equipment for concentrating salt-containing water
CN104154771A (en) Device for reducing back pressure in summer and recovering exhaust steam heat in winter
CN202002316U (en) Built-in vacuum hot water boiler with condensing heat recovery
CN104344746A (en) Vacuum flashing heat exchanger
CN205980307U (en) Take condensate recovery's air source heat pump hot -water heating system
CN203443403U (en) Vacuum flash vaporization heat exchange device
CN206035607U (en) Heat pipe formula amortization exhaust gas waste heat recovery system
CN202250270U (en) Steam turbine condensing system
CN105466069B (en) A kind of energy-efficient direct-burning type lithium bromide absorption type hot water or cold water machine set system of heating
CN204082226U (en) Turbine generating system
CN106439766A (en) Steam production device and direct compression type heat pump system
CN208398464U (en) A kind of cooling equipment of clinker
CN102679602B (en) Exhaust gas heat recovery and utilization system for surface treatment workshop
CN106989429A (en) Exhaust steam of electric power plant waste heat recovery heating system

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee
CP02 Change in the address of a patent holder

Address after: 450000 Yulin South Road, Henan, Zheng Dong, No. 16 South Road, Zhengzhou

Patentee after: China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co., Ltd.

Address before: 450000 Henan province Zhengzhou guanchengou Longhai Road No. 72 (Zhengzhou factory)

Patentee before: China Tobacco Henan Industrial Co., Ltd.