CN103250610B - Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard - Google Patents

Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103250610B
CN103250610B CN201310216046.2A CN201310216046A CN103250610B CN 103250610 B CN103250610 B CN 103250610B CN 201310216046 A CN201310216046 A CN 201310216046A CN 103250610 B CN103250610 B CN 103250610B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
seedling
radix angelicae
angelicae sinensis
orchard
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310216046.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103250610A (en
Inventor
杨斌
李伟
李绍平
王馨
李松
李林玉
马维思
王虹
严世武
杨丽英
董志渊
胡健羽
姜斌
胡留兵
Original Assignee
云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所
沾益县益康中药饮片有限责任公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所, 沾益县益康中药饮片有限责任公司 filed Critical 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所
Priority to CN201310216046.2A priority Critical patent/CN103250610B/en
Publication of CN103250610A publication Critical patent/CN103250610A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103250610B publication Critical patent/CN103250610B/en

Links

Abstract

The invention relates to a planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in an orchard and belongs to the technical field of traditional Chinese medicine materials and agricultural planting. The planting method for interplanting the Chinese angelica in the orchard comprises the steps that the Chinese angelica is interplanted in the orchard of peaches, pears, plums, apples and cherries, and field management can be carried out according to corresponding cultivation technologies. According to the planting method, spatial ecological niche complementary advantages of the Chinese angelica and fruit trees are fully utilized, a utilization rate of the orchard fields can be increased, a survival rate of seedlings of the Chinese angelica is increased, quality of the Chinese angelica medical materials is improved, incomes of farmers are increased, ecological environment of the orchard is improved, damage of weeds and diseases and pests is reduced, less pesticides are used, growth of the fruit trees is promoted, orchard management cost is lowered, and the planting method has good economic and ecological benefits.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of orchard interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis
Technical field;
The implantation methods that the present invention relates to a kind of orchard interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, belongs to traditional Chinese medicine and agricultural planting technique field.
Technical background:
Cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis [Angelica sinensis (Oliv.) Diels] is Umbelliferae herbaceos perennial, claims again the Qin to return, Min returns, west is returned etc.Cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis is used as medicine with root, mainly contains volatile ingredient, organic acid, polysaccharose etc.Radix Angelicae Sinensis have enrich blood invigorate blood circulation, menstruction regulating and pain relieving, effect of relaxing bowel, cure mainly sallow, the dizzy palpitaition of the deficiency of blood, irregular menstruation, through closing the diseases such as dysmenorrhoea, asthenia cold abdominalgia, the dry constipation of intestines.Radix Angelicae Sinensis is described as " gynaecology's panacea ", is the conventional gynaecological disease good medicine of the traditional Chinese medical science, has the medicinal history of more than 2000 year, at home and abroad have long enjoyed a good reputation, and be large Chinese herbal medicines.
Build the garden initial stage in fruit tree, land utilization rate is low, and weed growth is fast, and damage by disease and insect is many, and management cost is high, and only having to drop into does not have output, and orchard worker will bear larger financial burden.Plantation cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, needs shady and cool environment early stage, and middle and later periods growth is fast, and Land cover degree is large.Along with the growth of the underground root of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, volatile materials increases, and damage by disease and insect is had to obvious inhibition or repellent action.The implantation methods that adopts orchard interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, not only makes full use of garden and forest land resource, and containment weed growth reduces water and soil fertilizer and runs off; And can bring into play the effect of the inhibition of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis medicinal material, repellent damage by disease and insect, reduce the generation of damage by disease and insect; Can also utilize obviously different to soil nutrient demand of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis and fruit tree, realize nutrient complementation between cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis and fruit tree; Utilize fruit tree branches and leaves, also meet the condition of sheltering from heat or light of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis needs in seedling stage, improve cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling transplanting survival rate and promote the growth of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis.The implantation methods of this fruit medicine interplanting, significantly reduces the amount of application of agricultural chemicals, realizes fruit medicine and mutually promotes, and brings out the best in each other, and reduces costs significantly, increases farmers' income.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide the implantation methods of interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis in a kind of orchard, make up the technological gap of interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis in orchard, realize the efficient utilization of garden and forest land resource, promote fruit tree growth, obtain high-quality cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis medicinal material, increase the economic benefit of land area of one unit.
Method of the present invention is the implantation methods of interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis in orchard, comprises that orchard is selected, whole ground, grows seedlings, transplanting, field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest, gathers and preliminary working step, specific as follows:
(1) orchard is selected: select 4 years following peach, pears, Lee, apple, cherry gardens of the age of tree within the scope of height above sea level 2000m~2700m, in requirement garden more than fruit tree line-spacing 3m, 15 ° of gradient <, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, fertile sandy loam plot;
(2) wholely: by more than in orchard, 30cm is ploughed deeply in plot, sun the earth which has been ploughed up at the beginning of 5 months February~March, rake is thin, sorts out weeds, uses the farmyard manure 2000kg~4000kg and the N that become thoroughly decomposed for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 30kg~40kg, evenly spreads fertilizer over the fields in whole good ground, ploughs deeply, and Soil and Fertilizer is fully mixed, leveling soil; By moisture in the soil face width 1.2m~1.4m, furrow width 30cm manages moisture in the soil;
(3) grow seedlings
Require to grow seedlings in booth; Wherein:
A. seedling medium: select sandy loam, ash and humus soil, mix as seedling medium in the ratio of its volume ratio 2:1:1; Matrix is crossed the sieve that aperture is less than 5mm, extracting screen underflow.
B. prepare in seedbed: use N for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 40kg, the matrix of ploughing deeply and rake, ploughs the first furrow as a guideline by wide 1.2m~1.4 m of moisture in the soil, high 20cm~25cm, furrow width 30cm;
C. seed treatment: with 36 ℃~40 ℃ water seed soakings 12 hours, then press 0.1%~0.3% of seed weight with 80% mancozeb wettable powder and dress seed before sowing, vernalization under 25 ℃ of conditions, stirs 3 every day, sows afterwards for 7 days;
D. the sowing time: early Febuary;
E. seeding quantity: every mu with kind of a 4.0kg~5.0kg;
F. sow and manage
Sowing water noon before that day fully irrigates seedbed, seed uniform broadcasting on moisture in the soil face, earthing 0.2cm, compacting a little, then at pine needle or the broken grass of moisture in the soil face upper cover thick layer 1cm, water permeable; After broadcasting, covering one deck shading rate outward at booth is 60%~80% sunshade net, and in booth, day temperature is controlled at 15 ℃~28 ℃, and nocturnal temperature is controlled at 3 ℃~10 ℃; Water according to soil moisture content in good time, keep ground moistening; Pine needle or the broken grass of after emerging, progressively throwing off covering, weed out the rank grass in time, sprays the pre-disease prevention of 800 times~1000 times solution of 2 times~3 times 80% mancozebs and occur;
G. nutritional bag
Select the honeycomb nutritious bag of diameter 6cm, high 10cm, fill seedling medium identical when sowing, nutritious bag is put into the moisture in the soil face of wide 1.4m~1.6m; At the beginning of by the end of March to 4 month, progressively pack up booth both sides canopy film, make canopy internal and external temperature consistent, after 7 days~10 days, select cloudy day or fine day afternoon cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to be transplanted in honeycomb nutritious bag, every bag of 1 seedling, waters permeable; On nutritious bag moisture in the soil face, set up shed, require sagitta 60cm, cover film and shading rate are 60%~80% sunshade net or branch; Keep nutritious bag mesostroma moistening, arch temperature of shed is less than 26 ℃; After transplanting, check that at any time seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or sick seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, guarantee that every bag has 1 strain cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to survive;
By the end of April, raise shed two ends ventilating opening, hardening, after 5 days~7 days, is progressively thrown off shed film and sunshade net, and hardening is after 10 days~15 days under field conditions (factors), and cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling carries out field-transplanting after turning green;
(4) transplant: mid or late May, select cloudy day or fine day to transplant afternoon; By seeding row spacing, 25cm × 35cm beats the pool, every pool field planting 1 strain health bagged seedling; When field planting, take out band soil species seedling from nutritious bag, put down gently in the field planting pool, earthing, waters permeable;
(5) field management
A. water draining: after transplanting, water in time according to soil moisture content, guarantee that seedling survives; Before arriving rainy season, cleaning dead furrow, makes drain ditch unobstructed; Rainy season, get rid of in time field ponding, occur to reduce root disease;
B. fill the gaps with seedlings: after transplanting, will check at any time that seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or be short of seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, after cultivation, water in time sufficient water;
C. intertill and clean tillage: after the transplantation of seedlings of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis survives, weeds are less, in conjunction with weeding, carries out ditch cleaning ridging in time; After arriving rainy season, soil easily hardens, and weed growth is very fast, loosen the soil in time, ridging and weeding;
D. fertilising: at the beginning of 7 months, use urea 12kg~15kg for every mu, 5cm applies fertilizer above apart from plant root, executes rear timely earthing; Every mu of mid or late August is executed N 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 20kg~25kg, apart from plant root, 5cm applies fertilizer above, executes rear timely earthing;
(6) extermination of disease and insect pest
A. disease control: since late June, spray the bordeaux mixture that mass ratio is 1:0.5:200 in cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis ground, spray in every 15 days 1 time, connects and spray 2 times~3 times; Spray 600 times~800 times liquid of 80% mancozeb wettable powder mid-August, spray in every 10 days 1 time, connects and sprays 2 times~3 times;
B. pest control: when cauline leaf generation insect pest, by 800 times~1200 times liquid of 1% matrine soluble liquid or 1000 times~1500 times liquid even spraying of 5% pyrethrin missible oil; Root pest control method is every mu of use 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 300g, and the 3kg that adds water is sprayed on 30kg fine earth and mixes thoroughly and make pesticide-clay mixture, and pesticide-clay mixture is sneaked in base manure and used;
(7) gather: gather November then, prescind withered on the ground cauline leaf with reaping hook, dig out underground complete root, slightly airing, removes earth, sorts out disease, undesirable root, transports preliminary working back;
(8) preliminary working
A. airing: fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, in airing process, should be avoided stacking and being exposed to the sun in the sun; Will be the airing of fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis the place at dry, ventilation, printing opacity, stir every day 2 times~3 times, dry in the air to the deliquescing of root bar;
B. binding: cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis good airing, remove residual petiole, its lateral root is made in order, be bundled into, every heavy 0.4kg~0.6kg 3~6; The cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis of binding is continued to airing to the rear preservation of moisture content 13%~15%.
The invention has the advantages that: simple to operate, comprehensive benefit is remarkable, be easy to promote; The survival rate of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis transplanted seedling and quality improve; The harm of orchard weed and sick worm and the usage amount of agricultural chemicals reduce, and effectively solve the problem of utilizing of garden and forest land resource, improve forest land availability, reduce the management cost in orchard, reduce fertile loss of water and soil in forest land, have good economy and ecological benefits.
Embodiment:
Embodiment mono-: plantation in the age of tree theatre of 3 years or peach garden.
1. orchard is selected: selecting height above sea level is 2200m or 2500m, the age of tree theatre of 3 years or peach garden, and seeding row spacing is 3m × 4m or 3m × 3m, and orcharding is red sand loam, and soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, fertile.
2. wholely: February or March are by more than in orchard, 30cm is ploughed deeply in plot.Sun the earth which has been ploughed up at the beginning of 5 months, rake is thin, sorts out weeds, uses the farmyard manure 2000kg or 3000kg or 4000kg and the N that become thoroughly decomposed for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 40kg or 30kg, evenly spread fertilizer over the fields in whole good ground, ploughs deeply, and Soil and Fertilizer is fully mixed, leveling soil.By moisture in the soil face width 1.2m or 1.3m or 1.4m, furrow width 30cm manages moisture in the soil.
3. grow seedlings: require to grow seedlings in booth.
(1) seedling medium: select sandy loam, ash and humus soil, mix as seedling medium in the ratio of its volume ratio 2:1:1.Matrix is crossed the sieve that aperture is less than 5mm, extracting screen underflow.
(2) prepare in seedbed: use N for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 40kg, the matrix of ploughing deeply and rake, ploughs the first furrow as a guideline by the wide 1.2m of moisture in the soil or 1.3m or 1.4m, high 20cm or 25cm, furrow width 30cm.
(3) seed treatment: with 36 ℃ or 38 ℃ or 40 ℃ of water seed soakings 12 hours, then press 0.1% or 0.2% or 0.3% of seed weight with 80% mancozeb wettable powder and dress seed before sowing, vernalization under 25 ℃ of conditions, stirs 3 every day, sows afterwards for 7 days.
(4) sowing time: early Febuary.
(5) seeding quantity: every mu with kind of 4.0kg or 4.5kg or 5.0kg.
(6) sowing and management
Sowing water noon before that day fully irrigates seedbed, seed uniform broadcasting on moisture in the soil face, earthing 0.2cm, compacting a little, then at pine needle or the broken grass of moisture in the soil face upper cover thick layer 1cm, water permeable.After broadcasting, covering one deck shading rate outward at booth is 60% or 70% or 80% sunshade net, and in booth, day temperature is controlled at 15 ℃~28 ℃, and nocturnal temperature is controlled at 5 ℃~10 ℃.Water according to soil moisture content in good time, keep ground moistening.Pine needle or the broken grass of after emerging, progressively throwing off covering, weed out the rank grass in time, sprays 2 times or 800 times of 3 80% mancozebs or 900 times or 1000 times of pre-disease preventions of solution occur;
(7) nutritional bag
Select the honeycomb nutritious bag of diameter 6cm, high 10cm, fill seedling medium identical when sowing, nutritious bag is put into the moisture in the soil face of wide 1.4m or 1.5m or 1.6m.At the beginning of by the end of March to 4 month, progressively pack up booth both sides canopy film, make canopy internal and external temperature consistent, after 10 days, select cloudy day or fine day afternoon cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to be transplanted in honeycomb nutritious bag, every bag of 1 seedling, waters permeable.On nutritious bag moisture in the soil face, set up shed, require sagitta 60cm, cover film and shading rate are 60% or 70% or 80% sunshade net or branch.Keep nutritious bag mesostroma moistening, arch temperature of shed is less than 26 ℃.After transplanting, check that at any time seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or sick seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, guarantee that every bag has 1 strain cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to survive.
By the end of April, raise shed two ends ventilating opening, hardening, after 5 days or 7 days, is progressively thrown off shed film and sunshade net, and hardening is after 10 days or 12 days or 15 days under field conditions (factors), and cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling carries out field-transplanting after turning green.
4. transplant: mid or late May, select cloudy day or fine day to transplant afternoon.By seeding row spacing, 25cm × 35cm beats the pool, every pool field planting 1 strain health bagged seedling.When field planting, take out band soil species seedling from nutritious bag, put down gently in the field planting pool, earthing, waters permeable.
5. field management
(1) water draining: after transplanting, water in time according to soil moisture content, guarantee that seedling survives.Before arriving rainy season, cleaning dead furrow, makes drain ditch unobstructed.Rainy season, get rid of in time field ponding, occur to reduce root disease.
(2) fill the gaps with seedlings: after transplanting, will check at any time that seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or be short of seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, after cultivation, water in time sufficient water.
(3) intertill and clean tillage: after the transplantation of seedlings of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis survives, weeds are less, in conjunction with weeding, carries out ditch cleaning ridging in time.After arriving rainy season, soil easily hardens, and weed growth is very fast, loosen the soil in time, ridging and weeding.
(4) fertilising: at the beginning of 7 months, use urea 12kg or 13kg or 15kg for every mu, 5cm applies fertilizer above apart from plant root, executes rear timely earthing; Every mu of mid or late August is executed N 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 20kg or 23kg or 25kg, apart from plant root, 5cm applies fertilizer above, executes rear timely earthing.
6. the extermination of disease and insect pest: the cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis of this pattern plantation, rare damage by disease and insect occurs, and the extent of injury is lower, carries out following measure, just effectively prevention and elimination of disease and pests.
(1) disease control: since late June, spray the bordeaux mixture that mass ratio is 1:0.5:200 in cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis ground, spray in every 15 days 1 time, connects and spray 2 times or 3 times; Spray 600 times of liquid of 80% mancozeb wettable powder or 800 times of liquid mid-August, spray in every 10 days 1 time, connects and sprays 2 times or 3 times.
(2) pest control: when cauline leaf generation insect pest, by 800 times of liquid of 1% matrine soluble liquid or 1000 times of liquid or 1200 times of liquid or 1000 times of liquid of 5% pyrethrin missible oil or 1200 times of liquid or 1500 times of liquid even spraying; Root pest control method is every mu of use 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 300g, and the 3kg that adds water is sprayed on 30kg fine earth and mixes thoroughly and make pesticide-clay mixture, and pesticide-clay mixture is sneaked in base manure and used.
7. gather: gather November then, prescind withered on the ground cauline leaf with reaping hook, dig out underground complete root, slightly airing, removes earth, sorts out disease, undesirable root, transports preliminary working back.
8. preliminary working
(1) airing: fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, in airing process, should be avoided stacking and being exposed to the sun in the sun.Will be the airing of fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis the place at dry, ventilation, printing opacity, stir every day 2 times or 3 times, dry in the air to the deliquescing of root bar.
(2) binding: cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis good airing, remove residual petiole, its lateral root is made in order, be bundled into, the heavy 0.4kg of every handle or 0.5kg or 0.6kg 3 or 4 or 5 or 6; The cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis of binding is continued to airing to moisture content 13% or 14% or 15% rear preservation.
Practical application shows: the dry medicinal material 225.8kg of average yield per mu cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 3612.8 yuan (in 16 yuan/kg of place of production procurement price in 2011) of per mu yield value.Do not consider to plant cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis to the managing and protecting of theatre or peach garden, accelerate the growth of pear tree or peach, only from the income analysis of plantation cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, remove 1400 yuan of seed, fertilizer, the costs such as artificial, increase income 2212.8 yuan than every mu, single plantation pear tree or peach.
Embodiment bis-: plantation in the age of tree 4 Nian Li gardens or apple orchard or cherry garden.
The orchard interplanting method of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis is with embodiment mono-.The orchard of selecting is respectively Li Yuan or apple orchard or cherry garden.
Practical application shows: the dry medicinal material 197.2kg of average yield per mu cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, 3944 yuan (in 20 yuan/kg of place of production procurement price in 2012) of per mu yield value.Do not consider to plant managing and protecting of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis Dui Li garden or apple orchard or cherry garden, accelerate the growth of Japanese plum or apple tree or cherry tree, only from the income analysis of plantation cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, remove 1600 yuan of seed, fertilizer, the costs such as artificial, increase income 2344 yuan than every mu of single plantation Japanese plum or apple tree or cherry tree.

Claims (1)

1. an implantation methods for orchard interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, the implantation methods that it is characterized in that orchard interplanting cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis comprises that orchard is selected, whole ground, grow seedlings, transplanting, field management, the extermination of disease and insect pest, gather and preliminary working step, specific as follows:
(1) orchard is selected: select 4 years following peach, pears, Lee, apple, cherry gardens of the age of tree within the scope of height above sea level 2000m~2700m, in requirement garden more than fruit tree line-spacing 3m, 15 ° of gradient <, soil layer is deep, and the soil is porous, fertile sandy loam plot;
(2) wholely: by more than in orchard, 30cm is ploughed deeply in plot, sun the earth which has been ploughed up at the beginning of 5 months February~March, rake is thin, sorts out weeds, uses the farmyard manure 2000kg~4000kg and the N that become thoroughly decomposed for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 30kg~40kg, evenly spreads fertilizer over the fields in whole good ground, ploughs deeply, and Soil and Fertilizer is fully mixed, leveling soil; By moisture in the soil face width 1.2m~1.4m, furrow width 30cm manages moisture in the soil;
(3) grow seedlings
Require to grow seedlings in booth; Wherein:
A. seedling medium: select sandy loam, ash and humus soil, mix as seedling medium in the ratio of its volume ratio 2:1:1; Matrix is crossed the sieve that aperture is less than 5mm, extracting screen underflow;
B. prepare in seedbed: use N for every mu 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 40kg, the matrix of ploughing deeply and rake, ploughs the first furrow as a guideline by wide 1.2m~1.4 m of moisture in the soil, high 20cm~25cm, furrow width 30cm;
C. seed treatment: with 36 ℃~40 ℃ water seed soakings 12 hours, then press 0.1%~0.3% of seed weight with 80% mancozeb wettable powder and dress seed before sowing, vernalization under 25 ℃ of conditions, stirs 3 every day, sows afterwards for 7 days;
D. the sowing time: early Febuary;
E. seeding quantity: every mu with kind of a 4.0kg~5.0kg;
F. sow and manage
Sowing water noon before that day fully irrigates seedbed, seed uniform broadcasting on moisture in the soil face, earthing 0.2cm, compacting a little, then at pine needle or the broken grass of moisture in the soil face upper cover thick layer 1cm, water permeable; After broadcasting, covering one deck shading rate outward at booth is 60%~80% sunshade net, and in booth, day temperature is controlled at 15 ℃~28 ℃, and nocturnal temperature is controlled at 3 ℃~10 ℃; Water according to soil moisture content in good time, keep ground moistening; Pine needle or the broken grass of after emerging, progressively throwing off covering, weed out the rank grass in time, sprays the pre-disease prevention of 800 times~1000 times solution of 2 times~3 times 80% mancozebs and occur;
G. nutritional bag
Select the honeycomb nutritious bag of diameter 6cm, high 10cm, fill seedling medium identical when sowing, nutritious bag is put into the moisture in the soil face of wide 1.4m~1.6m; At the beginning of by the end of March to 4 month, progressively pack up booth both sides canopy film, make canopy internal and external temperature consistent, after 7 days~10 days, select cloudy day or fine day afternoon cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to be transplanted in honeycomb nutritious bag, every bag of 1 seedling, waters permeable; On nutritious bag moisture in the soil face, set up shed, require sagitta 60cm, cover film and shading rate are 60%~80% sunshade net or branch; Keep nutritious bag mesostroma moistening, arch temperature of shed is less than 26 ℃; After transplanting, check that at any time seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or sick seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, guarantee that every bag has 1 strain cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling to survive;
By the end of April, raise shed two ends ventilating opening, hardening, after 5 days~7 days, is progressively thrown off shed film and sunshade net, and hardening is after 10 days~15 days under field conditions (factors), and cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis seedling carries out field-transplanting after turning green;
(4) transplant: mid or late May, select cloudy day or fine day to transplant afternoon; By seeding row spacing, 25cm × 35cm beats the pool, every pool field planting 1 strain health bagged seedling; When field planting, take out band soil species seedling from nutritious bag, put down gently in the field planting pool, earthing, waters permeable;
(5) field management
A. water draining: after transplanting, water in time according to soil moisture content, guarantee that seedling survives; Before arriving rainy season, cleaning dead furrow, makes drain ditch unobstructed; Rainy season, get rid of in time field ponding, occur to reduce root disease;
B. fill the gaps with seedlings: after transplanting, will check at any time that seedling survives situation, find dead seedling or be short of seedling, fill the gaps with seedlings in time, after cultivation, water in time sufficient water;
C. intertill and clean tillage: after the transplantation of seedlings of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis survives, weeds are less, in conjunction with weeding, carries out ditch cleaning ridging in time; After arriving rainy season, soil easily hardens, and weed growth is very fast, loosen the soil in time, ridging and weeding;
D. fertilising: at the beginning of 7 months, use urea 12kg~15kg for every mu, 5cm applies fertilizer above apart from plant root, executes rear timely earthing; Every mu of mid or late August is executed N 15-P 15-K 15composite fertilizer 20kg~25kg, apart from plant root, 5cm applies fertilizer above, executes rear timely earthing;
(6) extermination of disease and insect pest
A. disease control: since late June, spray the bordeaux mixture that mass ratio is 1:0.5:200 in cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis ground, spray in every 15 days 1 time, connects and spray 2 times~3 times; Spray 600 times~800 times liquid of 80% mancozeb wettable powder mid-August, spray in every 10 days 1 time, connects and sprays 2 times~3 times;
B. pest control: when cauline leaf generation insect pest, by 800 times~1200 times liquid of 1% matrine soluble liquid or 1000 times~1500 times liquid even spraying of 5% pyrethrin missible oil; Root pest control method is every mu of use 50% phoxim emulsifiable concentrate 300g, and the 3kg that adds water is sprayed on 30kg fine earth and mixes thoroughly and make pesticide-clay mixture, and pesticide-clay mixture is sneaked in base manure and used;
(7) gather: gather November then, prescind withered on the ground cauline leaf with reaping hook, dig out underground complete root, slightly airing, removes earth, sorts out disease, undesirable root, transports preliminary working back;
(8) preliminary working
A. airing: fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis, in airing process, should be avoided stacking and being exposed to the sun in the sun; Will be the airing of fresh cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis the place at dry, ventilation, printing opacity, stir every day 2 times~3 times, dry in the air to the deliquescing of root bar;
B. binding: cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis good airing, remove residual petiole, its lateral root is made in order, be bundled into, every heavy 0.4kg~0.6kg 3~6; The cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis of binding is continued to airing to the rear preservation of moisture content 13%~15%.
CN201310216046.2A 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard CN103250610B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310216046.2A CN103250610B (en) 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201310216046.2A CN103250610B (en) 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103250610A CN103250610A (en) 2013-08-21
CN103250610B true CN103250610B (en) 2014-07-02

Family

ID=48955130

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310216046.2A CN103250610B (en) 2013-06-03 2013-06-03 Planting method for interplanting Chinese angelica in orchard

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103250610B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155793A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-15 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 Interplant the implantation methods of wax gourd in a kind of peach garden
CN110199754A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-09-06 宜宾市南溪区陆零农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of Chinese prickly ash and tuber of pinellia method for interplanting cultivation

Families Citing this family (24)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104705030B (en) * 2013-12-13 2017-05-17 祁晓玲 Standardized planting method of angelica sinensis
CN105075558A (en) * 2014-05-18 2015-11-25 赵东宁 A high-efficiency and yield-increasing angelica sinensis cultivation method
CN104221655B (en) * 2014-08-04 2016-05-25 江西省农业科学院作物研究所 The method of a kind of children orchard in age interplanting leaf vegetables type sweet potato
CN105359759A (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-03-02 杨斌 Planting method for interplanting strawberry in vineyard
CN104186266A (en) * 2014-08-29 2014-12-10 董中华 Method for planting autumn carrots in pear orchard in interplanting mode
CN104541862A (en) * 2014-12-22 2015-04-29 云南道地药业(集团)有限公司 Herba laggerae seed seedling culture method
CN104956866B (en) * 2015-06-02 2017-10-17 普定县富民种养殖专业合作社 A kind of black pearl cherry and interplanting corn method
CN105746032B (en) * 2016-02-29 2018-06-01 云南希尔康种植有限公司 The method of ginkgo forest interplanting Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN105900768A (en) * 2016-04-19 2016-08-31 陈明书 Cherry and Fritillaria cirrhosa mixed planting method
CN105917921B (en) * 2016-04-28 2019-02-15 浙江省林业技术推广总站(浙江省林业信息宣传中心) A kind of masson pine forest interplanting Radix changii improves the cultural method of soil soil property
CN106416900A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-02-22 合肥润雨农业科技有限公司 Planting method for promoting production increase at earlier stage of sweet cherries
CN107125195A (en) * 2017-03-23 2017-09-05 柳州市讯丰养殖有限公司 A kind of selenium enriched chicken orchard free-ranging method
CN107182473A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-09-22 成都众宜坊农业开发有限公司 A kind of prevention and controls of the numb stomatosis of Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN106922374A (en) * 2017-05-02 2017-07-07 会泽龙泰农业开发有限公司 A kind of cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis method for culturing seedlings of high altitude localities
CN107173145A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-09-19 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for improving cherry yield
CN107258830A (en) * 2017-06-27 2017-10-20 铜仁市万山区吊井文祺生态养殖有限公司 A kind of method of plum forest interplanting pseudo-ginseng
CN107278409B (en) * 2017-08-21 2020-06-05 白智勇 Planting and cultivating technology for building garden and interplanting cherry seedlings for dwarf virus-free large cherry
CN109417979A (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-03-05 南京大花滩生物科技有限公司 A method of in intercropping in garden Chinese medicine
CN107593222A (en) * 2017-09-22 2018-01-19 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of method that flores anthemidis is interplanted under Ili River Valley apple tree
CN107466663A (en) * 2017-09-22 2017-12-15 中国科学院新疆生态与地理研究所 A kind of method of Ili River Valley crabapple tree interplanting marigold
CN108849347A (en) * 2018-06-29 2018-11-23 曲靖市沾益区生物资源开发技术推广站 A kind of nutrient bag direct sowing and seedling method of annual cloud Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN109197331A (en) * 2018-09-25 2019-01-15 刘俊希 A kind of implantation methods of the wild genuine Radix Glycyrrhizae of intercropping in garden
CN109511507A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-03-26 香格里拉市极地种植农民专业合作社 A kind of Radix Angelicae Sinensis implantation methods
CN111165251A (en) * 2020-01-08 2020-05-19 会宁县五谷粮种植农民专业合作社 Interplanting method for improving yield of apple orchard

Family Cites Families (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN100376136C (en) * 2005-10-09 2008-03-26 吴桂权 Technology for planting yunnan Dizhu pinellia tube GAP
CN101647358B (en) * 2009-09-14 2011-06-08 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所 Method for shortening planting cycle of cloud angelica
CN101731088B (en) * 2009-12-01 2011-06-29 云南省农业科学院药用植物研究所 Method for effectively preventing and treating root rot of angelica

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107155793A (en) * 2017-07-07 2017-09-15 江苏沿海地区农业科学研究所 Interplant the implantation methods of wax gourd in a kind of peach garden
CN110199754A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-09-06 宜宾市南溪区陆零农业发展有限责任公司 A kind of Chinese prickly ash and tuber of pinellia method for interplanting cultivation

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN103250610A (en) 2013-08-21

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103430807B (en) Method for cultivating cherry seedlings
CN103975712B (en) A kind of tomato in plastic greenhouse delayed culture in autumn method
CN105746032B (en) The method of ginkgo forest interplanting Radix Angelicae Sinensis
CN103975715B (en) A kind of booth autumn field pumpkin cultivation method
CN103688696B (en) A kind of implantation methods of root and rhizome class Chinese crude drug
CN103960036B (en) A kind of sylvan life natural cultivation method of magnificent Paris polyphylla
CN103798016B (en) Ecological cultivation method for paris polyphylla
CN103975719B (en) A kind of tomato in plastic greenhouse spring cultivation method for premature
CN105660285B (en) A kind of stereo ecological planting method of walnut
CN103975717B (en) A kind of booth autumn cucumber cultivation method
CN103931400B (en) A kind of Cortex Moutan good quality and high output implantation methods
CN103918449B (en) A kind of stereo cultivating method of Cortex Phellodendri Rhizoma Paridis interplanting
CN103283450B (en) Golden camellia bud seedling stock grafting propagation method
CN102067773B (en) Method for planting eastern hubei No.1 yam
CN104663226A (en) Cold-proof drought-resistant cultivation method for potatoes
CN106831130A (en) The implantation methods of Paris polyphylla
CN105284372A (en) Planting method for Zanthoxylum bungeanum
CN100581345C (en) Asparagus cultivating process with whole course covering, twice stem keeping and third picking
CN105532345A (en) Walnut and konjak interplanting cultivation method
CN103518523B (en) Orchard, hillside kind grass sheep raising circulation pattern implantation methods
CN102487691B (en) Ecological planting method for himalayan teasel roots
CN104782366A (en) Standardized planting method for bletilla striata
CN106386153A (en) Rapid high-yield culture technique for typhonium giganteum
CN104221651B (en) The implantation methods of a kind of dandelion
CN105248118A (en) Method for planting Chinese chives

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 650223 Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Panlong District, Yunnan, Kunming

Co-patentee after: Yunnan Yikang Chinese Herbal Medicine Co., Ltd.

Patentee after: Medicinal Plant Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences

Address before: 650223 Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Panlong District, Yunnan, Kunming

Co-patentee before: Zhanyi Yikang Chinese Herbal Medicine Decoction Pieces Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: Medicinal Plant Institute, Yunnan Academy of Agricultural Sciences