CN103243590A - Cotton/viscose glue and acetate fiber mixed fabric dyeing and finishing process - Google Patents

Cotton/viscose glue and acetate fiber mixed fabric dyeing and finishing process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103243590A
CN103243590A CN2012100298558A CN201210029855A CN103243590A CN 103243590 A CN103243590 A CN 103243590A CN 2012100298558 A CN2012100298558 A CN 2012100298558A CN 201210029855 A CN201210029855 A CN 201210029855A CN 103243590 A CN103243590 A CN 103243590A
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dyeing
cloth
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CN103243590B (en
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裴晓博
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Jiangsu Ouhua Textile Co., Ltd
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SHANDONG EURO-AMERICA DYEING PRINTING HOME TEXTILE Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a cotton/viscose glue and acetate mixed fabric dyeing and finishing process. The dyeing and finishing process is carried out in a jig and comprises steps of: fabric pretreatment, dyeing processing and fabric aftertreatment. The fabric pretreatment comprises steps of: singeing, desizing and bleaching. The fabric aftertreatment comprises steps of: softening and sizing, calendaring and shrinkage. According to the invention, cotton/viscose glue and acetate fiber mixed fabric is dyed by a mesothermal one-bath one-step method. Colors are not mutually stained. The process provided by the invention has advantages of differential dyeing, simple equipment requirement, simple and feasible process and color control, energy saving and emission reduction and green and environmentally friendly dyeing and finishing processing. By the adoption of the process, fabric design style, color, pattern effects are fully presented, variable-pigment stereo effect of high-grade cotton/viscose glue/acetate fiber mixed figured cloth is highlighted, novelty is increased, and novel fabric dyeing and finishing matching technology requirements and market requirements are met.

Description

The interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of cotton/viscose glue, acetate fibre
Technical field
The present invention relates to textile printing and dyeing chemical production field, be specifically related to the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of a kind of cotton/viscose glue, acetate fibre.
Background technology
Present cotton viscose is generally selected temperature dyeing or active low temperature dyeing in the activity for use, and acetate fibre is generally selected the DISPERSE DYES high-temp dyeing for use.Cotton/viscose glue, the vinegar ester cloth that interweaves adopts dispersion/reactive dyeing usually.
Conventional dispersion/reactive dyeing has dual mode:
1, in overflow dyeing machine or barotor, dyes, adopt 130 ℃ of one-bath dyeing technologies; The shortcoming of this method is: REACTIVE DYES can't satisfy the brightly painted demand of home textile product requirement in the locational Dry Sack of the cotton viscose glue comparison dimness that becomes;
2, fuse machine is earlier in 190~220 ℃ of disperse dyeings, resisdye REACTIVE DYES then; The shortcoming of this method is: handling process is long, and for cotton/viscose glue, the vinegar ester this jacquard weave multicomponent cloth kind that interweaves of cloth that interweaves, variant because of filament contraction performance in the production process, long flow path is wrinkling easily.
Above-mentioned two kinds of methods are high-temperature process, if there is not high-temperature service just can't produce, this has just limited the production technology of cloth.And, the acetate fibre non-refractory, high temperature process can cause feel stiff, and causes the cotton of blending, viscose staining heavier.At present can not take into account convenient for production and energy-saving and emission-reduction at the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester, the dyed cloth feel of Huo Deing and bright-colored degree are all not very good simultaneously.
Therefore, we need the interweave new dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of a kind of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester, with abundant exhibiting textile design style, color, flower type effect, the interweave heterochromatic stereoeffect of FIGURED CLOTH of outstanding high-grade cotton/viscose glue, acetate fibre, increase novel degree, satisfy dyeing and finishing process matched therewith demand and the market demand of novel fabric.Can also realize simultaneously energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection dyeing and finishing processing.
Summary of the invention
Be to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester and interweave dispersion/activity of cloth with bath one-step method dyeing.
The dyeing and finishing technology that the present invention also provides a kind of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester to interweave cloth.
Thinking of the present invention is: in order to take into account the performance of three kinds of fibers, selected the short process pretreatment of dye jigger for use, adopted alkali-free or low alkali is concise, bleaching, by preferred promoter and consumption, reached the purpose of destarch bleaching, guaranteed style and the performance characteristic of fabric.Simultaneously, by optimizing process conditions, preferred coloring agent, temperature is dyed cotton/viscose glue, the acetate fibre cloth that interweaves with bathing one-step method in the employing, accomplish not staining mutually, dye on the difference, that equipment requires is simple, technology and color control are simple, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection dyeing and finishing processing.
For reaching above-mentioned first purpose, the invention provides a kind of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester and interweave the dispersion/activity of cloth with bathing the one-step method dyeing, processing step comprises:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 60 ~ 100 ℃, preferred 80 ℃, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 ~ 90 minutes time, preferred 60 minutes 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment then, add soda ash, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 ~ 75 minutes time, preferred 45 minutes 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acid solution after to the alkali fixation;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained is washed;
(9) cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment, regulates cloth pH value then, 30 minutes time.
Preferably, the acid solution in the described step (5) is acetum, and concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes.
Preferably, the washing temperature of described step (6) is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes.
Preferably, in the process of soaping of described step (7), use the neutral soap lotion, concentration is 2g/L, and the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times.
Preferably, described step (8) is specially: wash 6 times for 60 ℃ earlier, the processing time is 90 minutes; And then room temperature washing 1 time, the processing time is 15 minutes.
Preferably, in the fixation treatment of described step (9), the color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO, and concentration is 3g/L.
Preferably, use the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value in described step (9), described acetate concentration is 3g/L.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, described cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester interweave the dispersion/activity of cloth with bathing the one-step method dyeing, specifically comprise:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 80 ℃, moves back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 minutes time 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 minutes time 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acetum after to the alkali fixation, acetum concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed, and washing temperature is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped, and uses the neutral soap lotion, and concentration is 2g/L, and the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained uses 60 ℃ water to wash 90 minutes processing times 6 times earlier; And then room temperature is washed 15 minutes processing times 1 time;
(9) color-fixing agent that uses of the cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment as ALBAFIX ECO, uses the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value then, and the processing time is 30 minutes; Color-fixing agent concentration is that 3g/L, acetate concentration are 3g/L; The color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO.
For reaching above-mentioned second purpose, the dyeing and finishing technology that the present invention also provides a kind of cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester to interweave cloth, described dyeing and finishing technology carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing, and described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching; Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink;
Staining procedure comprises:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 60 ~ 100 ℃, preferred 80 ℃, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 ~ 90 minutes time, preferred 60 minutes 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment then, add soda ash, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 ~ 75 minutes time, preferred 45 minutes 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acid solution after to the alkali fixation;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained is washed;
(9) cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment, regulates cloth pH value then, 30 minutes time.
Preferably, the acid solution in the described step (5) is acetum, and concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes;
The washing temperature of described step (6) is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes;
In the process of soaping of described step (7), use the neutral soap lotion, concentration is 2g/L, the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times;
Described step (8) is specially: wash 6 times for 60 ℃ earlier, the processing time is 90 minutes; And then room temperature is washed 15 minutes time 1 time;
In the fixation treatment of described step (9), the color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO, and concentration is 3g/L; Use the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value then, described acetate concentration is 3g/L.
Preferably, the treatment fluid of described destarch processing comprises:
Enzyme desizing agent 6 g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Scouring agent 6 g/L;
Dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio is 1:3~1:5;
Be warming up to 80 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 3 times, the processing time is 45 minutes; Continue to be warming up to 100 ℃ then, repeat 6 times, the processing time is 90 minutes; Discharge desizing liquid then, cloth is washed, water temperature is 80 ℃, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes.
Preferably, described enzyme desizing agent is selected from the enzyme desizing agent PHC that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described complexing agent is selected from the complexing agent 2UD that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described scouring agent is selected from the scouring agent 2137 that Shenzhen holy waffle worker Industrial Co., Ltd. produces.
Preferably, the treatment fluid of described bleaching processing comprises:
H 2O 2???????????????5?g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer 6 g/L;
Scouring agent 3g/L;
Sodium carbonate 8 ~ 10 g/L
Dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio is 1:3~1:5;
Processing procedure comprises: the intensification kiering; Discharge kiering liquid then, wash; Neutralize then, wash again.
Preferably, described bleaching processing procedure comprises:
(1) intensification kiering: be warming up to 70 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 2 times, the processing time is 30 minutes; Proceed to 100 ℃ then, repeat 4 times, the processing time is 60 minutes;
(2) washing: wash with 80 ℃ of hot water earlier, wash with normal-temperature water then;
(3) neutralization: use acetic acid to neutralize, the concentration of acetic acid is 2~3 g/L, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes;
(4) washing: wash with normal-temperature water.
Preferably, the treatment fluid of described soft typing processing comprises:
Softener 30 g/L;
Citric acid 3 g/L;
Mill base dispersing aid 1 g/L;
Antiskid moves agent 10 g/L;
Antistatic additive 5 g/L;
Process conditions: 140 ℃ of temperature, 50 meters/minute of the speed of a motor vehicle.
Preferably, described softener is the sliding softener RUCOFIN of hydrophilic sex pilus H-1;
Described mill base dispersing aid is selected from the RYUDYE-W ASSISTER X-995-S that DIC colorant Co., Ltd produces.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of described cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing, and described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching; Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink;
In described destarch was handled, dye jigger moved back volume speed and is set at 60 meters/minute, and bath raio is 1:3~1:5; The treatment fluid that described destarch is handled comprises:
Enzyme desizing agent 6 g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Scouring agent 6 g/L;
Processing procedure: be warming up to 80 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 3 times, the processing time is 45 minutes; Continue to be warming up to 100 ℃ then, repeat 6 times, the processing time is 90 minutes; Discharge desizing liquid then, cloth is washed, water temperature is 80 ℃, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes;
Described enzyme desizing agent is selected from the enzyme desizing agent PHC that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described complexing agent is selected from the complexing agent 2UD that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described scouring agent is selected from the scouring agent 2137 that Shenzhen holy waffle worker Industrial Co., Ltd. produces;
In described bleaching was handled, dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio was 1:3~1:5; Treatment fluid comprises:
H 2O 2???????????????5?g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer 6 g/L;
Scouring agent 3g/L;
Sodium carbonate 8 ~ 10 g/L;
Described bleaching processing procedure comprises:
(1) intensification kiering: be warming up to 70 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 2 times, the processing time is 30 minutes; Proceed to 100 ℃ then, repeat 4 times, the processing time is 60 minutes;
(2) washing: wash with 80 ℃ of hot water earlier, wash with normal-temperature water then;
(3) neutralization: use acetic acid to neutralize, the concentration of acetic acid is 2~3 g/L, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes;
(4) washing: wash with normal-temperature water;
Described complexing agent is selected from the complexing agent 2UD that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described hydrogen peroxide stabilizer is selected from the hydrogen peroxide stabilizer FCB that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described scouring agent is selected from the scouring agent 2137 that Shenzhen holy waffle worker Industrial Co., Ltd. produces;
In described dyeing was handled, staining procedure specifically comprised:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 80 ℃, moves back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 minutes time 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 minutes time 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acetum after to the alkali fixation, acetum concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed, and washing temperature is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped, and uses the neutral soap lotion, and concentration is 2g/L, and the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained uses 60 ℃ water to wash 90 minutes processing times 6 times earlier; And then room temperature is washed 15 minutes processing times 1 time;
(9) color-fixing agent that uses of the cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment as ALBAFIX ECO, uses the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value then, and the processing time is 30 minutes; Color-fixing agent concentration is that 3g/L, acetate concentration are 3g/L; The color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO.
In described soft typing processing procedure, the treatment fluid temperature is set at 140 ℃, 50 meters/minute of the speed of a motor vehicle, and treatment fluid comprises:
Softener 30 g/L;
Citric acid 3 g/L;
Mill base dispersing aid 1 g/L;
Antiskid moves agent 10 g/L;
Antistatic additive 5 g/L;
Described softener is selected from the sliding softener RUCOFIN of the hydrophilic sex pilus H-1 that Rudoiph's chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described mill base dispersing aid is selected from the RYUDYE-W ASSISTER X-995-S that DIC colorant Co., Ltd produces; Described antiskid moves agent and is selected from the antiskid that golden extra large chemical industry Co., Ltd produces and moves agent CY-900; Described antistatic additive is selected from the antistatic agent C Y-920 that golden extra large chemical industry Co., Ltd produces.
Need to prove that among the application, unit (g/L) is the concentration unit in the dyeing and printing process, refer to that with the working solution volume be benchmark, need to add the weight of auxiliary agent.Refer to as 6g/L enzyme desizing agent, in the 1L destarch treatment fluid, need to add 6g enzyme desizing agent.
O.W.F is the abbreviation of " On weight the fabric ", refers to that concentration is benchmark with the fabric weight, relatively fabric percentage.
Cotton/viscose glue refers to the fiber of cotton fiber and viscose fiber blending gained.
Good effect of the present invention is as follows:
Overcome the defective of prior art, solve interweave supporting dyeing and finishing technology problem, the co-bathing dyeing of FIGURED CLOTH of cotton/viscose glue, acetate fibre and handled the problem that influences each other of cotton and viscose glue, acetate fibre, and the selection of co-bathing dyeing materials, avoid the problem be infected with mutually, and avoided DISPERSE DYES alkali condition instability, REACTIVE DYES to need the contradiction of dying on the alkalescence.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, further set forth the present invention.
Because the dyeability difference of three kinds of fibers, the applicant has successively tested REACTIVE DYES, DISPERSE DYES to dying and staining on three kinds of fibers, difficulty or ease, the environmental protection and energy saving of control color when taking all factors into consideration every physical and chemical index, production again, finally determined the employing single bath process, select dissimilar dyestuffs to dye two kinds of fibers on respectively, make jacquard weave flower type more be rich in stereovision.But DISPERSE DYES alkali condition instability, REACTIVE DYES need dye on the alkalescence, and required dyeing condition is contradiction, and color is difficult to control, determine in the optimization of process conditions, we have done a large amount of work aspect the screening of dyestuff.
In order to reach the differential extraordinary splendor dyeing of different fibers, and color production can distinguish control preferably, and selected dyestuff can only be to dying on a kind of fiber, and another kind of fiber is dyed on not substantially, and staining is also little.In order to shorten technology, to save cost, need co-bathing dyeing under same dyeing condition.We are from five main aspects: a) COLOR FASTNESS b such as the light fastness of dyestuff, soaping fastness) dyeing rate of dyestuff and curve, c) lifting force, the d of dyestuff) Rf value, the e of dyestuff) cotton, viscose glue, acetate fibre difference dye aspects such as Dry Sack, and a large amount of dyestuffs has been done experiment sieving.By measure corresponding dyestuff on dye curve, determined finally in the dyeing prescription that DISPERSE DYES is selected the Dianix SE type dye of dying of Dyestar weaving Co., Ltd production for use; REACTIVE DYES selects for use Hensel to step the NOVACRON S type dye that dying of weaving Co., Ltd produces.And the prescription of tentatively having determined dye liquor is: Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0~3% O.W.F, NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0~3% O.W.F, glauber salt 20~50g/L, sodium carbonate 3~5g/L.In order to determine prescription and dyeing better, the applicant has designed orthogonal experiment, to obtain optimal scheme.
The orthogonal experiment parameter:
Parameter Numerical value
Dianix Yellow Brown SE-R 1.0% O.W.F.
Novacron Red S-B 0.5% O.W.F.
Glauber salt 25g/L
Sodium carbonate Variable
Dyeing temperature Variable
Short dying the time Variable
The fixation time Variable
The applicant chooses different horizontal numerical value to above-mentioned 4 variablees respectively, specifically sees also following table:
The applicant designs orthogonal experiment according to above-mentioned variable, and each experiment numbers and experiment parameter see also following table.
Test number Sodium carbonate amount Dyeing temperature Short dying the time The fixation time
5 60 60 45
5 80 75 60
5 100 90 75
10 60 75 75
10 80 90 45
10 100 60 60
15 60 90 60
15 80 45 45
15 100 75 75
According to 555 color seperations, following data are set:
The standard specimen data arrange: lightness: L=5, colourity a=5, b=5;
The sodium carbonate amount influence: be preferably 8, the centre is 6, and the most shallow is 4;
The dyeing temperature influence: be preferably 8, inferior slightly is 6, and the poorest is 4;
Urge to dye time effects: be preferably 8, inferior slightly is 6, and the poorest is 4;
The fixation time effects: be preferably 8, inferior slightly is 6, and the poorest is 4.
Through experiment, the applicant obtains following experimental data.
According to above-mentioned experimental data, the applicant has drawn optimal case: sodium carbonate amount 5g/L, its consumption should hang down unsuitable high; 80 ℃ of dyeing temperatures; The short time 60min that dyes; Fixation time 45min.
Determining of stentering forming technology: because the acetate fibre non-refractory thus, by selecting suitable softener and auxiliary aid for use, adopts 140 ℃ of temperature, the speed of a motor vehicle: 50 meters/minute.Arrangement processing requests such as desirable feel, brute force have been reached.
In sum, the applicant is by a large amount of experiments, finally determined complete cotton/viscose glue, the vinegar ester of a cover interweave dyeing and finishing technology and the parameter thereof of cloth.
Embodiment 1
In the present embodiment, the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of described cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing, and described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching; Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink.
In described destarch was handled, dye jigger moved back volume speed and is set at 60 meters/minute, and bath raio is 1:3; The treatment fluid that described destarch is handled comprises:
Enzyme desizing agent 6 g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Scouring agent 6 g/L;
Processing procedure: be warming up to 80 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 3 times, the processing time is 45 minutes; Continue to be warming up to 100 ℃ then, repeat 6 times, the processing time is 90 minutes; Discharge desizing liquid then, cloth is washed, water temperature is 80 ℃, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes.
In described bleaching was handled, dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio was 1:5; Treatment fluid comprises:
H 2O 2???????????????5?g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer 6 g/L;
Scouring agent 3g/L;
Sodium carbonate 8 ~ 10 g/L;
Described bleaching processing procedure comprises:
(1) intensification kiering: be warming up to 70 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times; Proceed to 100 ℃ then, repeat 4 times, the processing time is 60 minutes;
(2) washing: wash with 80 ℃ of hot water earlier, wash with normal-temperature water then;
(3) neutralization: use acetic acid to neutralize, the concentration of acetic acid is 2~3 g/L, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes;
(4) washing: wash with normal-temperature water.
In described dyeing was handled, staining procedure specifically comprised:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 1.5% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 1% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 80 ℃, moves back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 25g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 minutes time 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 3.5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 minutes time 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acetum after to the alkali fixation, acetum concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed, and washing temperature is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped, and uses the neutral soap lotion, and concentration is 2g/L, and the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained uses 60 ℃ water to wash 90 minutes processing times 6 times earlier; And then room temperature is washed 15 minutes processing times 1 time;
(9) color-fixing agent that uses of the cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment, uses the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value then, and the processing time is 30 minutes; Color-fixing agent concentration is that 3g/L, acetate concentration are 3g/L; The color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO.
In described soft typing processing procedure, the treatment fluid temperature is set at 140 ℃, 50 meters/minute of the speed of a motor vehicle, and treatment fluid comprises:
Softener 30 g/L;
Citric acid 3 g/L;
Mill base dispersing aid 1 g/L;
Antiskid moves agent 10 g/L;
Antistatic additive 5 g/L.
Described softener is the sliding softener RUCOFIN of hydrophilic sex pilus H-1;
Described mill base dispersing aid is selected from the RYUDYE-W ASSISTER X-995-S that DIC colorant Co., Ltd produces.
Describedly singe, calendering and shrink handle and be this area conventional treatment means, do not repeat them here.
Embodiment 2
In the present embodiment, the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of described cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing, and described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching; Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink.
In described destarch was handled, dye jigger moved back volume speed and is set at 60 meters/minute, and bath raio is 1:4; The treatment fluid that destarch is handled and processing procedure are with embodiment 1.
In described bleaching was handled, dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio was 1:4; The treatment fluid that bleaching is handled and processing procedure are with embodiment 1.
In described dyeing was handled, staining procedure specifically comprised:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 1.0% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 60 ℃, moves back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes processing times 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 25g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 75 minutes time 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 4g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 75 minutes time 3 times;
Step (5) ~ (9) are with embodiment 1.
Described soft typing is handled with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
In the present embodiment, the interweave dyeing and finishing technology of cloth of described cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing, and described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching; Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink.
In described destarch was handled, dye jigger moved back volume speed and is set at 60 meters/minute, and bath raio is 1:5; The treatment fluid that destarch is handled and processing procedure are with embodiment 1.
In described bleaching was handled, dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio was 1:3; The treatment fluid that bleaching is handled and processing procedure are with embodiment 1.
In described dyeing was handled, staining procedure specifically comprised:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 3.0% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 3.0% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 100 ℃, moves back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes processing times 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 40g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 90 minutes time 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 4.5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 75 minutes time 3 times;
Step (5) ~ (9) are with embodiment 1.
Described soft typing is handled with embodiment 1.
The present invention is by optimizing process conditions, preferred coloring agent, overcome the defective of prior art, solve interweave supporting dyeing and finishing technology problem, the co-bathing dyeing of FIGURED CLOTH of cotton/viscose glue, acetate fibre and handled the problem that influences each other of cotton and viscose glue, acetate fibre, and the selection of co-bathing dyeing materials, avoid the problem be infected with mutually, and avoided DISPERSE DYES alkali condition instability, REACTIVE DYES to need the contradiction of dying on the alkalescence.
Temperature one was bathed one-step method and is dyed cotton/viscose glue, the acetate fibre cloth that interweaves during the present invention adopted, accomplish not staining mutually, dye on the difference, that equipment requires is simple, technology and color control are simple, energy-saving and emission-reduction, environmental protection dyeing and finishing processing, fully exhibiting textile design style, color, flower type effect, the interweave heterochromatic stereoeffect of FIGURED CLOTH of outstanding high-grade cotton/viscose glue/acetate fibre, increase novel degree, satisfy the dyeing and finishing process matched therewith demand of novel fabric, and the market demand.The colored type design of weaving cooperates the extraordinary splendor dyeing of innovation, shows extraordinary splendor and spends three-dimensional flower type effect, give the user with brand-new impression, has satisfied people's greens, healthy high-level consumption demand.

Claims (16)

1. a cotton/viscose glue, vinegar ester interweave the dispersion/activity of cloth with bathing the one-step method dyeing, it is characterized in that staining procedure comprises:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F;
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 60 ~ 100 ℃, preferred 80 ℃, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 ~ 90 minutes time, preferred 60 minutes 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 ~ 75 minutes time, preferred 45 minutes 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acid solution after to the alkali fixation;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained is washed;
(9) cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment, regulates cloth pH value then, 30 minutes time.
2. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the acid solution in the described step (5) is acetum, and concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes.
3. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the washing temperature of described step (6) is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes.
4. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, in the process of soaping of described step (7), uses the neutral soap lotion, and concentration is 2g/L, and the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times.
5. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described step (8) is specially: wash 6 times for 60 ℃ earlier, the processing time is 90 minutes; And then room temperature washing 1 time, the processing time is 15 minutes.
6. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, in the fixation treatment of described step (9), the color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO, and concentration is 3g/L.
7. dyeing as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, uses the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value in described step (9), and described acetate concentration is 3g/L.
8. a cotton/viscose glue, the vinegar ester dyeing and finishing technology of cloth that interweaves is characterized in that described dyeing and finishing technology carries out in dye jigger, and process comprises: cloth pre-treatment, dyeing are handled and the cloth post processing,
Described cloth pre-treatment comprises: singe, destarch and bleaching;
Described cloth post processing comprises: soft typing, calendering and shrink;
Staining procedure comprises:
(1) by following recipe configuration dye liquor:
Dianix SE type DISPERSE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
NOVACRON S type REACTIVE DYES 0.5~3% O.W.F
(2) the cloth room temperature that interweaves after the pre-treatment is gone into to dye, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 60 minutes time 4 times; With 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute heating rates dye liquor is warming up to 60 ~ 100 ℃, preferred 80 ℃, move back, go up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeat 30 minutes time 2 times;
(3) add glauber salt and urge to dye, the addition of glauber salt is 20 ~ 50g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 60 ~ 90 minutes time, preferred 60 minutes 4 times;
(4) add sodium carbonate and carry out the alkali fixation treatment then, add soda ash, the sodium carbonate addition is 3 ~ 5g/L, moves back, goes up 60 meters/minute of volume speed, repeats 45 ~ 75 minutes time, preferred 45 minutes 3 times;
(5) discharge dye liquor, neutralize with the cloth of acid solution after to the alkali fixation;
(6) cloth that step (5) is obtained is washed;
(7) cloth that step (6) is obtained is soaped;
(8) cloth that step (7) is obtained is washed;
(9) cloth that step (8) is obtained carries out fixation treatment, regulates cloth pH value then, 30 minutes time.
9. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that,
Acid solution in the described step (5) is acetum, and concentration is 2g/L, and the processing time is 30 minutes;
The washing temperature of described step (6) is 60 ℃, and the processing time is 15 minutes;
In the process of soaping of described step (7), use the neutral soap lotion, concentration is 2g/L, the temperature of soaping is 95 ℃, repeats 45 minutes processing times 3 times;
Described step (8) is specially: wash 6 times for 60 ℃ earlier, the processing time is 90 minutes; And then room temperature is washed 15 minutes time 1 time;
In the fixation treatment of described step (9), the color-fixing agent that uses is ALBAFIX ECO, and concentration is 3g/L; Use the vinegar acid for adjusting pH value then, described acetate concentration is 3g/L.
10. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that, the treatment fluid that described destarch is handled comprises:
Enzyme desizing agent 6 g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Scouring agent 6 g/L;
Dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio is 1:3~1:5;
Be warming up to 80 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 3 times, the processing time is 45 minutes; Continue to be warming up to 100 ℃ then, repeat 6 times, the processing time is 90 minutes; Discharge desizing liquid then, cloth is washed, water temperature is 80 ℃, repeats 3 times, and the processing time is 45 minutes.
11. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 10 is characterized in that, described enzyme desizing agent is selected from the enzyme desizing agent PHC that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described complexing agent is selected from the complexing agent 2UD that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described scouring agent is selected from the scouring agent 2137 that Shenzhen holy waffle worker Industrial Co., Ltd. produces.
12. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that, the treatment fluid that described bleaching is handled comprises:
H 2O 2???????????????5?g/L;
Complexing agent 3 g/L;
Hydrogen peroxide stabilizer 6 g/L;
Scouring agent 3g/L;
Sodium carbonate 8 ~ 10 g/L
Dye jigger moves back volume speed: 60 meters/minute, bath raio is 1:3~1:5;
Processing procedure comprises: the intensification kiering; Discharge kiering liquid then, wash; Neutralize then, wash again.
13. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, described complexing agent is selected from the complexing agent 2UD that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described hydrogen peroxide stabilizer is selected from the hydrogen peroxide stabilizer FCB that Clariant chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described scouring agent is selected from the scouring agent 2137 that Shenzhen holy waffle worker Industrial Co., Ltd. produces.
14. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 12 is characterized in that, described bleaching processing procedure comprises:
(1) intensification kiering: be warming up to 70 ℃ with 1.5 ~ 3 ℃/minute programming rates, repeat 2 times, the processing time is 30 minutes; Proceed to 100 ℃ then, repeat 4 times, the processing time is 60 minutes;
(2) washing: wash with 80 ℃ of hot water earlier, wash with normal-temperature water then;
(3) neutralization: use acetic acid to neutralize, the concentration of acetic acid is 2~3 g/L, repeats 3 times; Time is 45 minutes;
(4) washing: wash with normal-temperature water.
15. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 8 is characterized in that, the treatment fluid that described soft typing is handled comprises:
Softener 30 g/L;
Citric acid 3 g/L;
Mill base dispersing aid 1 g/L;
Antiskid moves agent 10 g/L;
Antistatic additive 5 g/L;
Process conditions: 140 ℃ of temperature, 50 meters/minute of the speed of a motor vehicle.
16. dyeing and finishing technology as claimed in claim 15 is characterized in that,
Described softener is selected from the sliding softener RUCOFIN of the hydrophilic sex pilus H-1 that Rudoiph's chemical industry Co., Ltd produces; Described mill base dispersing aid is selected from the RYUDYE-W ASSISTER X-995-S that DIC colorant Co., Ltd produces; Described antiskid moves agent and is selected from the antiskid that golden extra large chemical industry Co., Ltd produces and moves agent CY-900; Described antistatic additive is selected from the antistatic agent C Y-920 that golden extra large chemical industry Co., Ltd produces.
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CN104452331A (en) * 2013-09-12 2015-03-25 上海鼎天纺织品有限公司 Diacetate filament cone dyeing method
CN103711000A (en) * 2013-12-02 2014-04-09 常熟市雄发针织毛绒有限公司 Acetate fiber fabric printing and dyeing technology
CN104032510A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-09-10 山东欧化印染家纺有限公司 Printing and dyeing technology of purified cotton home textile fabric
CN104480757A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-04-01 江苏金太阳纺织科技有限公司 Dyeing and finishing processing method for cellulose fiber-diacetate fiber interweaved fabric
CN104532611A (en) * 2014-12-23 2015-04-22 华纺股份有限公司 Method for printing and dyeing dacron/chinlon/cotton/spandex multi-component fiber fabric
CN104775261A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-07-15 长兴庆裕纺织有限公司 Plain brushed fabric
CN105544227A (en) * 2016-02-03 2016-05-04 华纺股份有限公司 Dyeing and finishing technology for cotton/viscose ammonia multi-fiber stretch fabric employing bio-enzyme low-temperature treatment
CN105714584A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-06-29 杭州卓达染整有限公司 Dyeing technology of polyester-viscose modal fabric
CN106245251A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-12-21 江苏金太阳纺织科技股份有限公司 A kind of containing the cotton dyeing and finishing processing method with bamboo pulp fiber fabric
CN110359156A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-10-22 南通市苏中纺织有限公司 A kind of blended production technology
CN110004738A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-07-12 浙江纺织服装职业技术学院 Silk/viscose glue intertexture One Bath Dyeing Process is blended in PLA/PHBV
CN110004738B (en) * 2019-03-19 2021-06-22 浙江纺织服装职业技术学院 PLA/PHBV blended yarn/viscose mixed fabric one-bath dyeing process

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