CN103241832A - IC (Integrated Circuit) anaerobic reactor with grain sludge manufacturing and automatic sludge collection functions - Google Patents

IC (Integrated Circuit) anaerobic reactor with grain sludge manufacturing and automatic sludge collection functions Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103241832A
CN103241832A CN2013101740850A CN201310174085A CN103241832A CN 103241832 A CN103241832 A CN 103241832A CN 2013101740850 A CN2013101740850 A CN 2013101740850A CN 201310174085 A CN201310174085 A CN 201310174085A CN 103241832 A CN103241832 A CN 103241832A
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sludge
mud
pipe
cylindrical shell
district
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CN103241832B (en
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赵步超
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BEIJING SHENGYUAN WATER FERTILE ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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BEIJING SHENGYUAN WATER FERTILE ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The invention discloses an IC (Integrated Circuit) anaerobic reactor and particularly relates to an IC anaerobic reactor with grain sludge manufacturing and automatic sludge collection functions. The IC anaerobic reactor comprises a bottom plate, a barrel body, a top plate, a reversed circular platform separation plate, a first-grade three-phase separator, a second-grade three-phase separator, a flow rising pipe, a gas collection pipe, a flow descending pipe, a marsh gas outputting pipe, a sludge marsh gas discharging pipe, a bottom-layer sludge discharging pipe, a general discharging pipe, a mud collection branch pipe, a mud collection general pipe, an annular water outlet groove, a water inlet pipe and a gas-liquid separator. The IC anaerobic reactor further comprises a vertical circulation cylinder located at a mixed region, a baffling plate located in a first-grade reaction region and a sludge bucket located in a second-grade reaction region. According to the IC anaerobic reactor disclosed by the invention, a lot of grain sludge with great grain diameters and good activity can be produced; a COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) volumetric load is greater than that of a traditional IC reactor; and the treatment efficiency is high, and flocculent sludge and grain sludge, which overflow from the upper part of the reactor, can be intercepted and recycled, so that a subsequent aerobic treatment load is relieved and the power consumption is reduced.

Description

A kind of IC anaerobic reactor with granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic collection of mud
Technical field
The present invention relates to the IC anaerobic reactor, particularly relate to a kind of have granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic IC anaerobic reactor of collecting of mud.
Background technology
As everyone knows, the IC anaerobic reactor is third generation anaerobic reactor, the series combination that is equivalent to the EGSB of lower floor and upper strata UASB on the structure, treatment of Organic Wastewater effect to the high density biodegradability is better, is widely used in the processing such as breeding wastewater, starch wastewater, alcohol waste water, citric acid wastewater.But existing IC anaerobic reactor adopts the mode of multiple spot water distribution, rotation water distributing mostly, and there is the dead angle in the mixing zone, and the mixing ability of entering organic matter of water and granule sludge is relatively poor; The reactor that has need add nucleation materials such as wheat bran, gac could form granule sludge, and cost is higher; The silt that lowest layer proportion is bigger and granule sludge can't emptyings, and water outlet often brings out the floc sludge on reaction zone top and granule sludge, has increased load and the energy consumption of follow-up aerobic treatment.
The Chinese patent notification number is a kind of microvovtex internal circulating anaerobic bio-reactor employing multitube water distributor water distribution of 201220450440.3,120 ° of major diameter eddy current traverse baffles, be provided with the mud concentration compartments with storage mud and concentrating function that is positioned at the first order reaction district, with the flow straightening grid with rectification function, flow straightening grid divides three layers, dead size between adjacent two layers is bigger, and the grid aperture on lower floor to upper strata diminishes gradually.Collect this mud concentration compartments is positioned at the first order reaction chamber, collects the granule sludge in the first order reaction chamber, has obviously taken the useful space in first order reaction district, can distribute to the current in the first order reaction district and cause certain influence.The mud pipeline is positioned at reactor, and the flow in the pipeline is uncontrollable and adjusting also.
The Chinese patent notification number is a kind of mud optimization system that is exclusively used in the internal circulating anaerobic bio-reactor of 201220533006.1, be provided with the sludge digestion chamber at reactor bottom, the gas that the sludge digestion chamber produces is finally by being delivered to follow-up marsh gas purifying after the little gas-liquid separator separates, handling, utilize system.This little gas-liquid separator and reactor central authorities big gas-liquid separator topmost communicate, and easily biogas are sucked the sludge digestion chamber when sludge digestion chamber's spoil disposal, easily have an accident.Equally, collect this mud concentration compartments is granule sludge in the first order reaction chamber, can't collect floc sludge and the little granule sludge of particle diameter in the A reactor of poor-performing; And the sludge pipe of mud concentration compartments is positioned at reactor, and the flow in the pipeline is also uncontrollable and regulate.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of have granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic IC anaerobic reactor that reclaims of mud.
A kind of IC anaerobic reactor with granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic recovery of mud of the present invention comprises base plate, cylindrical shell, top board, rounding platform dividing plate, one-level triphase separator, secondary triphase separator, gas-liquid separator, annular effluent trough.
The bottom of described cylindrical shell is provided with base plate, the top is provided with top board, described gas-liquid separator is arranged on the top of described cylindrical shell, and it is coaxial with described cylindrical shell, be disposed with rounding platform dividing plate by bottom to top in the described cylindrical shell, cowling panel, one-level triphase separator and secondary triphase separator, and described rounding platform dividing plate, cowling panel, one-level triphase separator and secondary triphase separator are divided into storage mud district with described reactor successively by bottom to top, the mixing zone, the first order reaction district, the second order reaction district, exhalant region, the mixing zone communicates by cowling panel and first order reaction district, the first order reaction district communicates by one-level triphase separator and second order reaction district, and the second order reaction district communicates by secondary triphase separator and exhalant region.
Described tubular axis direction, one-level triphase separator top are provided with upspout, described upspout bottom and one-level triphase separator communicate, described sludge funnel, secondary triphase separator and top board are passed in described upspout top, and top end opening is in described gas-liquid separator inside.
Described tubular axis direction, secondary triphase separator top are provided with effuser, and described effuser bottom and secondary triphase separator communicate, and described top board is passed on described effuser top, and top end opening is in described gas-liquid separator inside.
The arranged outside of described cylindrical shell has the described stream pipe that falls, and the described top that falls the stream pipe communicates with the bottom of described gas-liquid separator, and the described stream pipe bottom that falls communicates with the top of described cowling panel bottom, mixing zone.
The outside of described cylindrical shell also is provided with the sludge methane vapor pipe, and described sludge methane vapor pipe top is positioned at the cover plate upper end, and the top in bottom and storage mud district communicates.
Described storage mud district arranged outside has the mud discharging pipe, and the upper end communicates with the bottom, mixing zone, and the lower end communicates with storage mud district.
Described storage mud is provided with water inlet pipe in the district, and the bottom opening that described water inlet pipe one end vertically passes rounding platform dividing plate is in the mixing zone, and an end vertically passes cylindrical shell and communicates with the water inlet compression system.
Bottom, described storage mud district also is connected with the spoil disposal house steward, and described spoil disposal house steward vertically passes cylindrical shell and communicates with sludge treating system.
The sidewall of described gas-liquid separator is provided with the biogas output tube.
The arranged outside on described cylindrical shell top has rising pipe, and the inboard is provided with annular collecting vat, and described rising pipe and described annular collecting vat communicate.
Be provided with mud in the described second order reaction district and collect arm, mud is collected the arm upper end and sludge funnel communicates, lower end and mud are collected house steward and are communicated, and described sludge funnel upper end is positioned at secondary triphase separator lower end, and described mud is collected the house steward lower end and communicated with storage mud district.
Further, the axial certain distance in the middle part of described mixing zone is provided with the vertical circulation tube, described vertical circulation tube upper end certain distance is provided with the aproll piece, and described vertical circulation tube lower end certain distance is provided with the water-in of water inlet pipe, and described aproll piece upper end certain distance is provided with cowling panel.
Further, described vertical circulation tube can be the straight vertical tube, also can be the vertical moire tube.
Further, angle 〉=45 of the bus of described rounding platform dividing plate and horizontal plane °.
Further, described cowling panel is stacked together by the staggered form of grid by the identical flase floor in some layers of square hole aperture.
Further, bottom, described first order reaction district is provided with the vertical baffling plate.
Further, the angle of the wall of described sludge bucket 11 and horizontal plane 〉=50 °.
Further, the lower end of described downtake 16 outlet is arranged at round platform dividing plate upper base axis place, and is parallel adjacent with water inlet pipe 21, with water inlet pipe 21 to go out open height identical.
Further, be provided with at least two upspouts along axis direction in the described cylindrical shell, be provided with at least two rounding platform dividing plates along axis direction in the described cylindrical shell, the number of described circulation tube is identical with the number of rounding platform dividing plate.
Compared with prior art beneficial effect of the present invention is: 1) the vertical circulation tube of She Zhiing has been strengthened the mixing of water inlet and IC reactor bottom mixed solution, can produce the granule sludge that activity is high, particle diameter is big in the traverse baffle of setting, and the organic matter removal effect is strengthened; 2) the rounding platform dividing plate of She Zhiing is equivalent to the rescinded angle funnel, can collect more conveniently and get rid of bottom silt and heavy granule sludge; 3) sludge hopper of She Zhiing can make suspended sludge lighter in the secondary triphase separator and small-particle mud be trapped recovery, has alleviated load and the energy consumption of follow-up Aerobic Pond; 4) be arranged on outer collection mud house steward and be convenient to control and adjusting.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 2 be among Fig. 1 H-H to sectional view.
Fig. 3 be among Fig. 1 I-I to sectional view.
Fig. 4 be among Fig. 1 J-J to sectional view.
Fig. 5 be among Fig. 1 K-K to sectional view.
Fig. 6 be among Fig. 1 L-L to sectional view.
Wherein:
1, base plate, 2, cylindrical shell, 3, top board, 4, rounding platform dividing plate, 5, the vertical circulation tube, 6, the baffle piece, 7, cowling panel, 8, traverse baffle, 9, the one-level triphase separator, 10, upspout, 11, sludge funnel, 12, mud collects arm, 13, mud is collected house steward, 14, three separators of secondary, 15, effuser, 16, fall the stream pipe, 17, biogas output tube, 18, sludge methane delivery pipe, 19, bottom mud discharging pipe, 20, total shore pipe, 21, water inlet pipe, 22, gas-liquid separator, 23, annular collecting vat, 24, rising pipe.
A, storage mud district, B, circulation mixing zone, C, first order reaction district, D, second order reaction district, E, exhalant region.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.Following examples are used for explanation the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
Extremely shown in Figure 6 as Fig. 1, a kind of have granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic IC anaerobic reactor of collecting of mud of the present invention comprise base plate 1, cylindrical shell 2, top board 3, rounding platform dividing plate 4, one-level triphase separator 9, secondary triphase separator 14, gas-liquid separator 22, annular effluent trough 23; The bottom of cylindrical shell 2 is provided with base plate 1, the top is provided with top board 3, gas-liquid separator 22 is arranged on the top of cylindrical shell 2, and it is coaxial with cylindrical shell 2, be disposed with rounding platform dividing plate 4 by bottom to top in the cylindrical shell 1, cowling panel 7, one-level triphase separator 9 and secondary triphase separator 14, and rounding platform dividing plate 4, cowling panel 7, one-level triphase separator 9 and secondary triphase separator 14 are divided into storage mud district A with reactor successively by bottom to top, mixing zone B, first order reaction district C, second order reaction district D, exhalant region E, mixing zone B communicates by cowling panel 7 and first order reaction district C, first order reaction district C communicates by one-level triphase separator 9 and second order reaction district D, and second order reaction district D communicates by secondary triphase separator 14 and exhalant region E; Cylindrical shell 2 axis directions, one-level triphase separator 9 tops are provided with upspout 10, upspout 10 bottoms and one-level triphase separator 9 communicate, sludge funnel 11, secondary triphase separator 14 and top board 3 are passed in upspout 10 tops, and top end opening is in gas-liquid separator 22 inside; Cylindrical shell 2 axis directions, secondary triphase separator 14 tops are provided with effuser 15, and effuser 15 bottoms and secondary triphase separator 14 communicate, and top board 3 is passed on effuser 15 tops, and top end opening is in gas-liquid separator 22 inside; The arranged outside of cylindrical shell 2 has falls stream pipe 16, and the top that falls stream pipe 16 communicates with the bottom of gas-liquid separator 22, and falls stream and manage 16 bottoms and communicate with the top of cowling panel 7 bottoms, mixing zone B; The outside of cylindrical shell 2 also is provided with sludge methane vapor pipe 18, and sludge methane vapor pipe 18 tops are positioned at cover plate 3 upper ends, and the top of bottom and storage mud district A communicates; Storage mud district A arranged outside has mud discharging pipe 19, and the upper end communicates with mixing zone B bottom, and the lower end communicates with storage mud district A; Be provided with water inlet pipe 21 among the storage mud district A, water inlet pipe 21 1 ends vertically pass the bottom opening of rounding platform dividing plate 4 in mixing zone B, and an end vertically passes cylindrical shell 2 and communicates with the water inlet compression system; Storage mud district A bottom also is connected with spoil disposal house steward 20, and spoil disposal house steward 20 vertically passes cylindrical shell 2 and communicates with sludge treating system; The sidewall of gas-liquid separator 22 is provided with biogas output tube 17; The arranged outside on cylindrical shell 2 tops has rising pipe 24, and the inboard is provided with annular collecting vat 23, and rising pipe 24 and annular collecting vat 23 communicate; Be provided with mud among the second order reaction district D and collect arm 12, mud is collected arm 12 upper ends and sludge funnel 11 communicates, lower end and mud are collected house steward 13 and are communicated, and sludge funnel 11 upper ends are positioned at secondary triphase separator 14 lower ends, and mud is collected house steward 13 lower ends and communicated with storage mud district A.
In order to improve among the B of mixing zone the mixed effect of water inlet and mixed solution, strengthen organic removal efficient, the axial certain distance in mixing zone B middle part is provided with vertical circulation tube 5, vertical circulation tube 5 upper end certain distances are provided with aproll piece 6, vertical circulation tube 5 lower end certain distances are provided with the water-in of water inlet pipe 21, and aproll piece 6 upper end certain distances are provided with cowling panel 7.
In order to adapt to different influent qualities and degree of mixing requirement, vertical circulation tube 5 can be the straight vertical tube, also can be the vertical moire tube.
For the granule sludge that makes reactor bottom is not deposited on the rounding platform dividing plate, the bus of rounding platform dividing plate 4 and angle 〉=45 of horizontal plane °.
In order to form granule sludge in reactor, C bottom, first order reaction district is provided with vertical baffling plate 8.
In order to make the current that enter traverse baffle 8 steady, create stable granule sludge formation condition, cowling panel 7 is stacked together by the staggered form of grid by the identical flase floor in some layers of square hole aperture.
For reactor top makes the floc sludge of collection and granule sludge is not deposited on the sludge bucket inwall and it is slipped in the sludge bucket smoothly, the wall of sludge bucket 11 and the angle of horizontal plane 〉=50 °.
In order to dilute ultrahigh concentration water inlet, reflux and replenish basicity, the lower end outlet of falling stream pipe 16 is arranged at rounding platform dividing plate upper base axis place, and is parallel adjacent with water inlet pipe 21, with water inlet pipe 21 to go out open height identical.
In order to adapt with big flow major diameter reactor size, be provided with at least two upspouts 10 along axis direction in the cylindrical shell 2, be provided with at least two rounding platform dividing plates 4 along axis direction in the cylindrical shell 2, the number of circulation tube 5 is identical with the number of rounding platform dividing plate 4.
During the equipment operation, high-enriched organics waste water enters the mixing zone B bottom of IC anaerobic reactor bottom from water inlet pipe 21, the mixed solution of drive periphery is cooked and is circulated by vertical circulation tube 5 time, the granule sludge of the organism in the water inlet and reactor bottom is collided fully, contact, mixed solution by vertical circulation tube 5 outlet through aproll piece 6 to around behind the aproll, a mixed solution part is wherein circulated to vertical circulation tube 5 bottoms again by rounding platform dividing plate 4 sidewall water conservancy diversion, and another part flows the water outlet mixing of pipe lower end and enter first order reaction district C after flow straightening grid 7 rectifications with falling.Form in the traverse baffle 8 of a large amount of granule sludges in first order reaction district C, in first order reaction district C, organism in the water inlet carries out strong mixing, contacts with a large amount of granule sludges among the first order reaction district C, and most of organism is by granule sludge absorption, degraded and the biogas that produces; Biogas rises to one-level triphase separator 9 with microbubble in form, because the air lift effect of biogas, the biogas that compiles in one-level triphase separator 9 drives the gas-liquid separation chamber 22 that a part of mixed solution enters upspout 10 and rises to top board 3 tops, and the mixed solution after gas-liquid separation chamber 22 degassing enters and falls stream pipe 16 and turn back to IC anaerobic reactor bottom and begin circulation again.Mixed solution during through one-level triphase separator 9 wherein bigger granule sludge can be held back by the reflector of one-level triphase separator 9, because the crown_interception of 9 pairs of big granule sludges of one-level triphase separator, granule sludge particle diameter among the first order reaction district C is big, the concentration height, most of organism here is reduced; The mixed solution that comes out from one-level triphase separator 9 enters second order reaction district D, further mixes, contacts with small size particle mud among the second order reaction district D, and residual organic substances wherein is further by granule sludge absorption, degraded, and produces a small amount of biogas; After mixed solution rose to secondary triphase separator 14, tiny floc sludge and granule sludge entered storage mud district A because inertia effect enters sludge bucket 11 along collection mud arm 12 and collection mud house steward 13; Water after second order reaction district D precision processing then passes secondary triphase separator 14 upper ends and enters exhalant region E, and overflow is gone into annular effluent trough 23 and is sent to the subsequent disposal unit through rising pipe 24 again.The biogas that secondary triphase separator 14 is collected arrives gas-liquid separation chamber 22 by effuser 15; Gas-liquid separation chamber 22 keeps certain malleation, and the biogas of gathering is delivered to follow-up purification, handles, utilizes the unit by biogas output tube 17; The bottom has silt lodging behind the IC anaerobic reactor long-play, can regularly drain into storage mud district A by the shore pipe 19 of cylindrical shell 2 bottoms, drains into sludge treatment unit outside the system by being arranged in mud output tube 20 on the base plate 1 then.The mud of depositing among the storage mud district A also can produce a small amount of biogas, can be by 18 dischargings of sludge methane delivery pipe.
Embodiment 1:
Certain Wastewater from Pig Farm pilot plant, reactor diameter 1.4m, height overall 10.6m, available depth 9.9m, useful volume 15.7m 3
The design water inlet is the clear excrement waste water of water after solid-liquid separation, water yield 4m 3/ h, water inlet COD5810mg/L, water inlet BOD3830mg/L, water inlet SS2900mg/L.
Waste water enters mixing zone B through pressurization, through the mixed solution at the bottom of the undulatory vertical circulation tube 5 suction mixing zones, be formed on inner core from lower to upper, at the basipetal internal recycle of urceolus, the organism in the waste water contacts fully with granule sludge in the mixed solution and adsorbs.The mixed solution part that vertical circulation tube 5 comes out moves upward, fully mix with the water outlet of falling stream pipe 16 lower ends, after cowling panel 7 rectifications, become uniformly to the upper reaches, enter traverse baffle 8 then, in traverse baffle 8 because the microvovtex effect forms active high, granule sludge that particle diameter is big.Most COD, BOD obtain degraded and produce biogas behind the mixed solution process first order reaction district C, biogas carries partially mixed liquid and turns back to formation internal recycle in reactor lower end through the mixed solution of upcast 10 after go into gas-liquid separator 22, removing biogas in gas-liquid separator 22 through falling stream pipe 16.Mixed solution after three separators 9 of one-level come out continues to obtain to handle among second order reaction district D, handles water and then enters exhalant region E by secondary triphase separator 14, is collected by rising pipe 24 by annular inlet flume 23 then and arrives next processing unit.The biogas that secondary triphase separator 14 is collected is then delivered to gas-liquid separator 22 by effuser 15, is sent to follow-up marsh gas purifying, is handled, utilizes the unit by biogas output tube 17.When entering secondary triphase separator 14, fold down mobile at the mixed solution that carries floc sludge and granule sludge, the floc sludge with certain mass in the streamline and granule sludge enter storage mud district A by collection mud arm 12 and collection mud house steward 13 at last because inertia effect enters sludge bucket 11.The granule sludge that the silt of B bottom, mixing zone and density are big also can enter mud storage district A by bottom mud discharging pipe 19.Mud among the mud storage district A regularly drains into follow-up sludge treatment unit by total shore pipe 20, and a small amount of biogas that produces among the mud storage district A is discharged in the atmosphere by sludge methane delivery pipe 18.
This equipment water inlet COD volumetric loading reaches 35.5kgCOD/m 3D, residence time 3.9h; Water outlet COD580mg/L, COD clearance 90%; Water outlet BOD290mg/L, BOD clearance 92.4%; Water outlet SS640mg/L, SS clearance 78%; Factor of created gase 0.73m 3/ kgCOD; The granule sludge particle diameter can reach 3-4mm.
This equipment takes up an area of little, and it is big to handle the water yield, and the granule sludge particle diameter of generation is big, COD clearance height, biogas output is big, and the sludge quantity that flows out with reactor significantly reduces, and the granule sludge of recovery contains solid height, active good, can be used as high-quality inoculation product and sell other producers, bring extra benefit to enterprise
Embodiment 2:
Certain Wastewater from Pig Farm pilot plant, reactor diameter 1.4m, height overall 10.6m, available depth 9.9m, useful volume 15.7m 3
The design water inlet is the clear excrement waste water of water after solid-liquid separation, water yield 4m 3/ h, water inlet COD6210mg/L, water inlet BOD4490mg/L, water inlet SS3310mg/L.
Waste water enters mixing zone B through pressurization, the water outlet of falling stream pipe 16 lower ends also enters mixing zone B, intake and fall the 16 lower end water outlets of stream pipe and together enter from straight-tube shape vertical circulation tube 5 belows, suck the mixed solution at the bottom of the mixing zone simultaneously, be formed on inner core from lower to upper, at the basipetal internal recycle of urceolus, the organism in the waste water contacts fully, adsorbs with granule sludge in the mixed solution.The mixed solution part that vertical circulation tube 5 comes out moves upward, and becomes after cowling panel 7 rectifications uniformly to the upper reaches, enters traverse baffle 8 then, in traverse baffle 8 because the microvovtex effect forms granule sludge.Most COD, BOD obtain degraded and produce biogas behind the mixed solution process first order reaction district C, biogas carry partially mixed liquid through upcast 10 through going into gas-liquid separator 22, in gas-liquid separator 22, remove biogas and turn back to the reactor lower end and form internal recycle by falling stream pipe 16.Mixed solution after three separators 9 of one-level come out continues to obtain to handle among second order reaction district D, handles water and then enters exhalant region E by secondary triphase separator 14, is collected and passed through rising pipe 24 by annular inlet flume 23 then to arrive next processing unit.The biogas that secondary triphase separator 14 is collected is then delivered to gas-liquid separator 22 by effuser 15, is sent to follow-up marsh gas purifying, is handled, utilizes the unit by biogas output tube 17.When entering secondary triphase separator 14, fold down mobile at the mixed solution that carries floc sludge and granule sludge, the floc sludge with certain mass in the streamline and granule sludge enter storage mud district A by collection mud arm 12 and collection mud house steward 13 at last because inertia effect enters sludge bucket 11.The granule sludge that the silt of B bottom, mixing zone and density are big also can enter mud storage district A by bottom mud discharging pipe 19.Mud among the mud storage district A regularly drains into follow-up sludge treatment unit by total shore pipe 20, and a small amount of biogas that mud storage district A produces is discharged in the atmosphere by sludge methane delivery pipe 18.
This equipment water inlet COD volumetric loading reaches 38.3kgCOD/m 3D, residence time 3.9h; Water outlet COD560mg/L, COD clearance 91%; Water outlet BOD320mg/L, BOD clearance 93%; Water outlet SS760mg/L, SS clearance 77%; Factor of created gase 0.82m 3/ kgCOD; The granule sludge particle diameter can reach 3-4mm.
This equipment takes up an area of to be economized, and working cost is low, and the COD organic loading is big, and the granule sludge of generation is active high, COD, BOD, SS clearance height, and biogas output is big, and the sludge quantity that reactor goes out stream is few, and the granule sludge quality of recovery is good, and is active strong.
The above only is preferred implementation of the present invention; should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. one kind has granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic IC anaerobic reactor of collecting of mud, it is characterized in that, comprise base plate (1), cylindrical shell (2), top board (3), rounding platform dividing plate (4), one-level triphase separator (9), secondary triphase separator (14), gas-liquid separator (22), annular effluent trough (23).
The bottom of described cylindrical shell (2) is provided with base plate (1), the top is provided with top board (3), described gas-liquid separator (22) is arranged on the top of described cylindrical shell (2), and it is coaxial with described cylindrical shell (2), be disposed with rounding platform dividing plate (4) by bottom to top in the described cylindrical shell (1), cowling panel (7), one-level triphase separator (9) and secondary triphase separator (14), and described rounding platform dividing plate (4), cowling panel (7), one-level triphase separator (9) and secondary triphase separator (14) are divided into storage mud district (A) with described reactor successively by bottom to top, mixing zone (B), first order reaction district (C), second order reaction district (D), exhalant region (E).Mixing zone (B) communicates by cowling panel (7) and first order reaction district (C), and first order reaction district (C) communicates by one-level triphase separator (9) and second order reaction district (D), and second order reaction district (D) communicates by secondary triphase separator (14) and exhalant region (E).
Described cylindrical shell (2) axis direction, one-level triphase separator (9) top are provided with upspout (10), described upspout (10) bottom and one-level triphase separator (9) communicate, described sludge funnel (11), secondary triphase separator (14) and top board (3) are passed in described upspout (10) top, and top end opening is in described gas-liquid separator (22) inside.
Described cylindrical shell (2) axis direction, secondary triphase separator (14) top are provided with effuser (15), described effuser (15) bottom and secondary triphase separator (14) communicate, described top board (3) is passed on described effuser (15) top, and top end opening is in described gas-liquid separator (22) inside.
The arranged outside of described cylindrical shell (2) has the described stream pipe (16) that falls, the described top that falls stream pipe (16) communicates with the bottom of described gas-liquid separator (22), and described stream pipe (16) bottom that falls communicates with the top of described cowling panel (7) bottom, mixing zone (B).
The outside of described cylindrical shell (2) also is provided with sludge methane vapor pipe (18), and described sludge methane vapor pipe (18) top is positioned at cover plate (3) upper end, and the top in bottom and storage mud district (A) communicates.
Described storage mud district (A) arranged outside has mud discharging pipe (19), and the upper end communicates with mixing zone (B) bottom, and the lower end communicates with storage mud district (A).
Be provided with water inlet pipe (21) in the described storage mud district (A), the bottom opening that described water inlet pipe (21) one ends vertically pass rounding platform dividing plate (4) is in the mixing zone (B), and an end vertically passes cylindrical shell (2) and communicates with the water inlet compression system.
Bottom, described storage mud district (A) also is connected with spoil disposal house steward (20), and described spoil disposal house steward (20) vertically passes cylindrical shell (2) lower end and communicates with sludge treating system.
The sidewall of described gas-liquid separator (22) is provided with biogas output tube (17).
The arranged outside on described cylindrical shell (2) top has rising pipe (24), and the inboard is provided with annular collecting vat (23), and described rising pipe (24) and described annular collecting vat (23) communicate.
Be provided with mud in the described second order reaction district (D) and collect arm (12), mud is collected arm (12) upper end and sludge funnel (11) communicates, lower end and mud are collected house steward (13) and are communicated, described sludge funnel (11) upper end is positioned at secondary triphase separator (14) lower end, and described mud is collected house steward (13) lower end and communicated with storage mud district (A).
2. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the axial certain distance in middle part of described mixing zone (B) is provided with vertical circulation tube (5), described vertical circulation tube (5) upper end certain distance is provided with aproll piece (6), described vertical circulation tube (5) lower end certain distance is provided with the water-in of water inlet pipe (21), and described aproll piece (6) upper end certain distance is provided with cowling panel (7).
3. vertical circulation tube as claimed in claim 2 (5) is characterized in that, described vertical circulation tube (5) can be the straight vertical tube, also can be the vertical moire tube.
4. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the bus of described rounding platform dividing plate (4) and angle 〉=45 of horizontal plane °.
5. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, described cowling panel (7) is stacked together by the staggered form of grid by the identical flase floor in some layers of square hole aperture.
6. a kind of have granule sludge manufacturing and the automatic IC anaerobic reactor of collecting of mud as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that bottom, described first order reaction district (C) is provided with vertical baffling plate (8).
7. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, the wall of described sludge bucket 11 and the angle of horizontal plane 〉=50 °.
8. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the outlet of the lower end of downtake 16 is arranged at round platform dividing plate upper base axis place, and is parallel adjacent with water inlet pipe 21, with water inlet pipe 21 to go out open height identical.
9. a kind of IC anaerobic reactor that granule sludge manufacturing and mud are collected automatically that has as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, be provided with at least two upspouts (10) along axis direction in the described cylindrical shell (2), be provided with at least two rounding platform dividing plates (4) along axis direction in the described cylindrical shell (2), the number of described circulation tube (5) is identical with the number of rounding platform dividing plate (4).
CN201310174085.0A 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 IC (Integrated Circuit) anaerobic reactor with grain sludge manufacturing and automatic sludge collection functions Expired - Fee Related CN103241832B (en)

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