CN103240909A - Continuous press for brick tea - Google Patents

Continuous press for brick tea Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103240909A
CN103240909A CN2013101959872A CN201310195987A CN103240909A CN 103240909 A CN103240909 A CN 103240909A CN 2013101959872 A CN2013101959872 A CN 2013101959872A CN 201310195987 A CN201310195987 A CN 201310195987A CN 103240909 A CN103240909 A CN 103240909A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
brick tea
charging box
pressing
chamber
driving
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CN2013101959872A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103240909B (en
Inventor
刘真华
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四川省雅安茶厂有限公司
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Priority to CN201310195987.2A priority Critical patent/CN103240909B/en
Publication of CN103240909A publication Critical patent/CN103240909A/en
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Publication of CN103240909B publication Critical patent/CN103240909B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a continuous press for brick tea belonging to the technical field of tea production equipment. The continuous press for the brick tea is capable of continuously and automatically producing brick tea. The continuous press comprises a frame, a press box, a press drive mechanism with a pressure head, a mechanical feed mechanism and a preloaded setting device, wherein the mechanical feed mechanism arranged on an input port of the press box comprises a feed tank, a feed tank driving mechanism and an automatic control system, and the preloaded setting device is disposed on an output port of the press box. When bricks of the brick tea are being pressed, raw materials of tea are continuously added into the press box through the mechanical feed mechanism, the raw materials of the tea are pressed to be shaped in the press box by the pressure head of the press drive mechanism, and then the shaped raw materials of the tea are successively pushed into the preloaded setting device and a cooling stress-relief device so as to perform preloaded setting, cooling and stress relieving treatment. Consequently, continuous production is realized, and high-quality brick tea products are obtained.

Description

A kind of continuous press for brick tea
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of continuous press, especially relate to a kind of continuous press for brick tea, belong to the tea making equipment technical field.
Background technology
In tealeaves compacting brick tea application, the user constantly increases the demand of the brick tea that is pressed into tealeaves, with respect to the brick tea processing industry, the process equipment of single and mini-batch production, can not satisfy market demand far away, large-scale, high yield, high-quality, quantity-produced large-sized processing equipment more and more receive the concern of tea machinery industry.
Basic process principle with tealeaves compacting brick tea equipment is: the qualified tealeaves powder of the preparation of operation processing in earlier stage is tea raw material, carries out the compacting of machinery or hydraulic pressure in the mould pressing-chamber, makes it to become the brick tea with definite shape, density.
At present domesticly become the process equipment of brick tea mainly to be formed by following components successively from top to bottom the tealeaves press process: compacting oil cylinder a, four post press b, moved cross beam c, pressure head d, to suppress die cavity e, eject oil cylinder f etc., as shown in Figure 1.As can be seen from the figure, the various device of existing compacting brick tea all is four posts of employing or the hydraulic machinery of two posts, carries out the single or double compacting, adopts the mould single stamped to produce then.Qualified for guaranteeing the brick tea goods, must use many cover pressurize moulds, technological process such as carry out follow-up pressurize, cool off, eliminate stress.Because the restriction that this mould is big, must carry out with plant equipment when being loaded and unloaded, can't carry out the large scale goods continuously, large-scale production.
Because the particularity of tealeaves compacting brick tea production and processing, namely the compacting back does not discharge internal stress without the tealeaves adobe that cooling eliminates stress, and makes the product of compacting have resilience.Because the resilience meeting of tealeaves causes the lax of compacted products, product design and inner lax variation cause product quality to reduce even scrap.For guaranteeing qualified products, must in the certain pressure environment, carry out cooling and shaping and eliminate stress, namely need in compacting die cavity or pressurize die cavity, pressurize cool off, so just cause the restriction of equipment capacity output, can not form continuous production extensive, high-quality, high yield.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is: provide a kind of and can carry out the continuous press that is used for brick tea that the brick tea compacting is produced continuously and automatically.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above the technical scheme that adopts be: a kind of continuous press for brick tea, comprise frame, pressing-chamber and the compacting driving mechanism that contains pressure head, described pressing-chamber and compacting driving mechanism being arranged on the described frame along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head can move back and forth along described longitudinal centre line in described pressing-chamber by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism, described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism and pretension calibrator, described pressing-chamber has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet at least, described mechanical loading mechanism comprises charging box, charging box driving mechanism and automatic control system, described pretension calibrator is arranged on the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber; The charging box of described mechanical loading mechanism by the described charging box driving mechanism of described automatic controlling system, moves to place, described pressing-chamber input port with described charging box in reinforced process.
Further be, described pretension calibrator is made of the square cylindrical shell that the cross sectional shape of a joint shape of cross section of both ends open and downtrodden described brick tea adapts, the length of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell is not less than the stack thickness of the brick tea adobe of a compression moulding, and described pretension calibrator is connected with the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber by an end of opening wide.
The optimal way of such scheme is that the length and width size of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber cross section.
Further be, the two-way charging box structure of described charging box for being constituted by two casings, two reinforced casings that constitute described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism; Described two the reinforced casings that are linked in sequence drive in the reciprocating process of the described driving direction in lower edge at described charging box driving mechanism, move to respectively on the input port of described pressing-chamber.
The optimal way of such scheme is, described charging box driving mechanism comprises hydraulic drive cylinder and limiting and guiding device, described charging box moves under described hydraulic drive cylinder effect in the process of input port of described pressing-chamber, the spacing and guiding by described limiting and guiding device.
Further be, described limiting and guiding device comprises guide wheel and convex guide rail, described guide wheel is installed on the described charging box, described convex guide rail is installed on the described frame, and described limiting and guiding device is carried out spacing and guiding by described guide wheel and cooperating of described convex guide rail to the institute's charging box in the movement.
Further be, described automatic control system comprises the location sender spare that is made of lead limit switch, and the lead limit switch that constitutes described location sender spare is installed on the described frame.
Further be, also be furnished with movable blank dividing plate at the place, input port of described pressing-chamber, in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in the pretension calibrator with brick tea, and two adjacent brick tea adobes are separated.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: because described continuous press not only comprises frame, pressing-chamber and contains the compacting driving mechanism of pressure head, also include the mechanical loading mechanism that is arranged on the described pressing-chamber input port and be arranged in pretension calibrator on the described pressing-chamber delivery outlet, and described mechanical loading mechanism also comprises charging box, charging box driving mechanism and automatic control system.Like this, in the pressing process of carrying out described brick tea, not only can drive charging box by the described charging box driving mechanism of described automatic controlling system feeds in raw material under the effect of compacting driving mechanism automatically, and can be under the effect of described compacting driving mechanism, will be in described pressing-chamber the brick tea adobe of compression moulding send into and carry out the pretension typing in the described pretension calibrator, thereby make the compacting of brick tea produce continuous carrying out, and do not need as prior art, all to need to carry out artificial loading and unloading pressing-chamber behind brick tea blank of every compacting.Not only reduce production cost, improved production efficiency, but also can just base can be because of resilience under the prerequisite of inefficacy subscription rate guaranteeing brick tea, the continuous compacting production of carrying out described brick tea adobe.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of brick tea press in the prior art of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of a kind of continuous press for brick tea of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the side view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 5 is the I portion zoomed-in view of Fig. 2.
Be labeled as among the figure: frame 1, pressing-chamber 2, compacting driving mechanism 3, pressure head 4, pretension calibrator 5, charging box 7, charging box driving mechanism 8, mechanical loading mechanism 9, hydraulic drive cylinder 10, limiting and guiding device 11, guide wheel 12, convex guide rail 13, location sender spare 14.
The specific embodiment
As Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5 be provided by the inventionly a kind ofly can carry out the continuous press that is used for brick tea that the brick tea compacting is produced continuously and automatically.Described continuous press comprises frame 1, pressing-chamber 2 and the compacting driving mechanism 3 that contains pressure head 4, described pressing-chamber 2 and compacting driving mechanism 3 being arranged on the described frame 1 along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head 4 can move back and forth along described longitudinal centre line in described pressing-chamber 2 by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism 3, described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism 9 and pretension calibrator 5, described pressing-chamber 2 has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet at least, described mechanical loading mechanism 9 comprises charging box 7, charging box driving mechanism 8 and automatic control system, described pretension calibrator 5 is arranged on the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber 2; The charging box 7 of described mechanical loading mechanism 9 by the described charging box driving mechanism 8 of described automatic controlling system, moves to place, described pressing-chamber 2 input ports with described charging box 7 in reinforced process.
The course of work of the continuous press of described brick tea is, in the described charging box 7 outside the tea raw material adding frame of earlier the pressed tea brick product being used 1, and moving to place, described pressing-chamber 2 input ports by the described charging box 7 that the described charging box driving mechanism 8 of described automatic controlling system will accommodate tea raw material, the pressure head 4 by compacting driving mechanism 3 pushes compacting in the described pressing-chamber 2 again; Described brick tea product by the effect of described compacting driving mechanism 3 pressure heads 4, enters and carries out the pretension typing in the described pretension calibrator 5 after compression moulding.
Because described continuous press not only comprises frame 1, pressing-chamber 2 and contains the compacting driving mechanism 3 of pressure head 4, also include the mechanical loading mechanism that is arranged on described pressing-chamber 2 input ports 9 and be arranged in pretension calibrator 5 on described pressing-chamber 2 delivery outlets, and described mechanical loading mechanism 9 also comprises charging box 7, charging box driving mechanism 8 and automatic control system.Like this, in the pressing process of carrying out described brick tea, not only can drive charging box 7 by the described charging box driving mechanism 8 of described automatic controlling system feeds in raw material under the effect of compacting driving mechanism 3 automatically, and can be under the effect of described compacting driving mechanism 3, brick tea adobe that will compression moulding in described pressing-chamber 2 is sent into and is carried out the pretension typing in the described pretension calibrator 5, thereby make the compacting production of brick tea can continuous carrying out, and do not need as prior art, all to need to carry out artificial loading and unloading pressing-chamber behind brick tea blank of every compacting.Not only reduce production cost, improved production efficiency, but also can just base can be because of resilience under the prerequisite of inefficacy subscription rate guaranteeing brick tea, the continuous compacting production of carrying out described brick tea adobe.
In the above-mentioned embodiment, in order to guarantee the pretension typing effect of brick tea adobe molded at the beginning of 5 pairs of the pretension calibrators, being convenient to described brick tea adobe again can enter in the described pretension calibrator 5 in proper order, described pretension calibrator 5 is made of the square cylindrical shell that the cross sectional shape of a joint shape of cross section of both ends open and downtrodden described brick tea adapts, the length of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell is not less than the stack thickness of the brick tea adobe of a compression moulding, be generally the stack thickness of the brick tea adobe of ten compression mouldings, described pretension calibrator 5 is connected with the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber 2 by an end of opening wide; And the length and width size of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber 2 cross sections.
In order to improve output, satisfy the production requirement of continuously a large amount of outputs, the application also improves reinforced structure on the basis of existing technology, to enhance productivity.It is improved to the two-way charging box structure of described charging box 7 for being made of two casings, and two reinforced casings that constitute described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism 8; Described two the reinforced casings that are linked in sequence drive in the reciprocating process of the described driving direction in lower edge at described charging box driving mechanism 8, move to respectively on the input port of described pressing-chamber 2; And described charging box driving mechanism 8 comprises hydraulic drive cylinder 10 and limiting and guiding device 11, described charging box 7 moves under 10 effects of described hydraulic drive cylinder in the process of input port of described pressing-chamber 2, by described limiting and guiding device 11 spacing and guiding; Described limiting and guiding device 11 comprises guide wheel 12 and convex guide rail 13, described guide wheel 12 is installed on the described charging box 7, described convex guide rail 13 is installed on the described frame 1, and described limiting and guiding device 11 is carried out spacing and guiding by described guide wheel 12 and cooperating of described convex guide rail 13 to the institute's charging box 7 in the movement; Described automatic control system comprises the location sender spare 14 that is made of lead limit switch, and the lead limit switch that constitutes described location sender spare 14 is installed on the described frame 1.
Entering the brick tea adobe of pretension calibrator 5 successively, be easy to owing to the phase mutual interference influences the end face quality between the brick tea adobe that has particularly just entered pretension calibrator 5 and the adjacent brick tea adobe, in order to eliminate this influence, place, input port at described pressing-chamber 2 also is furnished with movable blank dividing plate, in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in the pretension calibrator 5 with brick tea, and two adjacent brick tea adobes are separated.

Claims (8)

1. continuous press that is used for brick tea, comprise frame (1), pressing-chamber (2) and contain the compacting driving mechanism (3) of pressure head (4), described pressing-chamber (2) and compacting driving mechanism (3) being arranged on the described frame (1) along same longitudinal centre line order, described pressure head (4) can move back and forth along described longitudinal centre line in described pressing-chamber (2) by the driving of described compacting driving mechanism (3), it is characterized in that: described press also comprises mechanical loading mechanism (9) and pretension calibrator (5), described pressing-chamber (2) has a unlimited input port and a unlimited delivery outlet at least, described mechanical loading mechanism (9) comprises charging box (7), charging box driving mechanism (8) and automatic control system, described pretension calibrator (5) is arranged on the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber (2); The charging box (7) of described mechanical loading mechanism (9) by the described charging box driving mechanism of described automatic controlling system (8), moves to place, described pressing-chamber (2) input port with described charging box (7) in reinforced process.
2. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pretension calibrator (5) is made of the square cylindrical shell that the cross sectional shape of a joint shape of cross section of both ends open and downtrodden described brick tea adapts, the length of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell is not less than the stack thickness of the brick tea adobe of a compression moulding, and described pretension calibrator (5) is connected with the delivery outlet of described pressing-chamber (2) by an end of opening wide.
3. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 2 is characterized in that: the length and width size of described square pretension typing cylindrical shell cross section is slightly larger than the length and width size in described pressing-chamber (2) cross section.
4. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two-way charging box structure of described charging box (7) for being constituted by two casings, two reinforced casings that constitute described two-way charging box structure are linked in sequence along the driving direction of described charging box driving mechanism (8); Described two the reinforced casings that are linked in sequence drive in the reciprocating process of the described driving direction in lower edge at described charging box driving mechanism (8), move to respectively on the input port of described pressing-chamber (2).
5. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described charging box driving mechanism (8) comprises hydraulic drive cylinder (10) and limiting and guiding device (11), described charging box (7) moves to down in the process of input port of described pressing-chamber (2) in described hydraulic drive cylinder (10) effect, and is spacing and lead by described limiting and guiding device (11).
6. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 5, it is characterized in that: described limiting and guiding device (11) comprises guide wheel (12) and convex guide rail (13), described guide wheel (12) is installed on the described charging box (7), described convex guide rail (13) is installed on the described frame (1), and described limiting and guiding device (11) is carried out spacing and guiding by described guide wheel (12) and cooperating of described convex guide rail (13) to the institute's charging box (7) in the movement.
7. a kind of continuous press for brick tea according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described automatic control system comprises the location sender spare (14) that is made of lead limit switch, and the lead limit switch that constitutes described location sender spare (14) is installed on the described frame (1).
8. according to claim 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7 described a kind of continuous press for brick tea, it is characterized in that: the place, input port at described pressing-chamber (2) also is furnished with movable blank dividing plate, in described brick tea pressing process, described blank dividing plate moves in the pretension calibrator (5) with brick tea, and two adjacent brick tea adobes are separated.
CN201310195987.2A 2013-05-24 2013-05-24 A kind of continuous press for brick tea CN103240909B (en)

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CN103240909B CN103240909B (en) 2015-08-19

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104441739A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 浙江宏业装备科技有限公司 Feeding compaction assembly of mushroom seed packing machine
WO2020182222A1 (en) * 2019-03-13 2020-09-17 麦凎锋 Light-type convenient pneumatic tea brick preparation device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201286317Y (en) * 2008-10-29 2009-08-12 湖南省白沙溪茶厂有限责任公司 Mold for pressing compressed black tea
CN201528636U (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-07-21 郭新建 Rotary continuous shaper for compressed tea
CN102356783A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-02-22 广西梧州茂圣茶业有限公司 Semi-automatic tea wafer machine and tea wafering process
CN202566167U (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-12-05 信阳市华阳工贸有限公司 Automatic feed trolley device of tea frying machine
CN202618182U (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-12-26 湖南省临湘永巨茶业有限公司 Through upper-pressing lower-discharging tea block mould capable of producing a plurality of blocks once
CN202664148U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-16 湖北明达机械设备有限公司 Full-automatic linear tea brick production line
CN202773985U (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-03-13 乔梁 Tea leaf compacting mould
CN203305542U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-11-27 四川省雅安茶厂有限公司 Continuous compacting machine for brick tea

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201286317Y (en) * 2008-10-29 2009-08-12 湖南省白沙溪茶厂有限责任公司 Mold for pressing compressed black tea
CN201528636U (en) * 2009-05-18 2010-07-21 郭新建 Rotary continuous shaper for compressed tea
CN102356783A (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-02-22 广西梧州茂圣茶业有限公司 Semi-automatic tea wafer machine and tea wafering process
CN202566167U (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-12-05 信阳市华阳工贸有限公司 Automatic feed trolley device of tea frying machine
CN202664148U (en) * 2012-06-12 2013-01-16 湖北明达机械设备有限公司 Full-automatic linear tea brick production line
CN202618182U (en) * 2012-06-19 2012-12-26 湖南省临湘永巨茶业有限公司 Through upper-pressing lower-discharging tea block mould capable of producing a plurality of blocks once
CN202773985U (en) * 2012-10-15 2013-03-13 乔梁 Tea leaf compacting mould
CN203305542U (en) * 2013-05-24 2013-11-27 四川省雅安茶厂有限公司 Continuous compacting machine for brick tea

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104441739A (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-03-25 浙江宏业装备科技有限公司 Feeding compaction assembly of mushroom seed packing machine
WO2020182222A1 (en) * 2019-03-13 2020-09-17 麦凎锋 Light-type convenient pneumatic tea brick preparation device

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Address after: 625000, 1 agricultural park, Daxing Town, Yucheng District, Sichuan, Ya'an

Applicant after: Ya An Tea Factory Co., Ltd.

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