CN103238569B - A kind of Predatory Mites raising device and raising method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of Predatory Mites raising device and raising method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103238569B
CN103238569B CN201310176080.1A CN201310176080A CN103238569B CN 103238569 B CN103238569 B CN 103238569B CN 201310176080 A CN201310176080 A CN 201310176080A CN 103238569 B CN103238569 B CN 103238569B
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China
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predatory mites
raising
opening
feed
mite
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CN201310176080.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103238569A (en
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张宝鑫
李敦松
宋子伟
冯新霞
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广东省农业科学院植物保护研究所
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Predatory Mites raising device, comprise box body, this box body offers opening, and this opening envelope is provided with gauze, this opening has the removable cover mechanism of this openings of sizes of adjustment.Also disclose a kind of Predatory Mites raising method simultaneously, comprise the following steps: step one, feed Steam Heating is sterilized, and sealing cooling; Step 2, loads cooled feed in Predatory Mites raising device, and mite is planted in access in this feed; Step 3, after completing inoculation, put culturing room into and carry out Development culture, Development culture temperature is 20-30 degree Celsius.And these apparatus and method effectively solve feeding process complicated operation and the high problem of cost that prior art exists.

Description

A kind of Predatory Mites raising device and raising method thereof

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technology of a kind of artificial feeding mite, more specifically refer to a kind of Predatory Mites raising device and raising method thereof.

Background technology

Predatory Mites is the Natural Enemies of the insect such as harmful mite, thrips on various farm-forestry crop, has stronger control action to the occurrence injury of these mini pests.Utilize both at home and abroad Predatory Mites pest control, evil mite have history decades.Current multiple Predatory Mites all merchandized handling, as Phyloseiulus nersimilis (Phytoseiuluspersimilis), the new little peaceful mite (Neoseiulus barkeri) of Pasteur, the new little peaceful mite (Neoseiuluscucumeris) of cucumber etc., these commercial Predatory Mites are widely used in the control of land for growing field crops, greenhouse and the orchard evil insect such as mite, thrips, as the greenhouse flowers of the national 70-75% such as Britain, Finland, Sweden, vegetables mainly prevent and treat two spotted spider mite, thrips, tarsonemid with Predatory Mites; China introduces the new little peaceful mite of cucumber and artificial propagation techniques from the end of the nineties in last century from external, Predatory Mites is widely used in the control of farm-forestry crop evil mite, insect, effectively reduce chemical pesticide consumption, can reduce chemical pesticide amount more than 40% as citrus applied Predatory Mites control citrus red mite (crm), Predatory Mites has become the important substitute of chemical control evil mite.

Feed used by the artificial mass rearing of Predatory Mites mainly contains pollen, natural prey (as tetranychid), it is several to substitute prey (as flour mite, hesperidium mite etc.), artificial feed etc., wherein because alternative prey is as flour mite wide material sources, feeding cost is low, be easy to the advantages such as acquisition, become the method that Commercial propagation Predatory Mites often adopts.The cardinal principle substituting the artificial mass rearing Predatory Mites of prey (flour mite, hesperidium mite etc.) is utilized to be breed a large amount of alternative preys (flour mite, hesperidium mite etc.) with the feed such as wheat bran, rice bran, then with the Predatory Mites required for alternative prey breeding.This utilization substitutes principle and the method for prey breeding Predatory Mites, is adopted carry out commercially producing the new little peaceful mite of Pasteur and the new little peaceful mite of cucumber by many companies.

All there is following shortcoming in the Predatory Mites equipment for breeding adopted in current published Patents technology and method.1) raising device adopted in publication number is CN1440646 " a kind of rearing method being used as Predatory Mites-amblyseius cucumeris oudeman " is the container with cloth or paper sealing, and envionmental humidity controls in 70 ~ 95% scopes.Air permenbility due to container closure is fixing, if Air permenbility is large, can cause the too fast exsiccation of feed dehydration, if Air permenbility is little, when the later stage, flour mite quantity was many, produce large quantity of exhaust gas, and waste gas is difficult to discharge, affects the growth of Predatory Mites and flour mite.In addition good control is needed to wet equipment to the control of ambient humidity.2) publication number is " Predatory Mites breeding device " employing cultivation bag and the breeding box composition of CN101940190A, is filled with water to intercept other its assorted mite and infects bottom breeding box.Envionmental humidity controls 70 ~ 85%.Bag good air permeability is cultivated in the method; cause feed easily to become dry, therefore same needs has good control to wet equipment at breeding room, also needs in addition often to change water and cleaning; complex operation, labour intensity are large, and cause the loss of resource to cause the raising of production cost.

Summary of the invention

Main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of easy and simple to handle and be easy to the Predatory Mites raising method promoted.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a kind of structure simple, easy to use and the Predatory Mites raising device of low cost of manufacture.

The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of Predatory Mites raising device, comprises box body, and this box body offers opening, and this opening envelope is provided with gauze, and this opening has the removable cover mechanism of this openings of sizes of adjustment.

This removable cover mechanism comprises and is arranged on guide rail on this opening and slip lid, and wherein this slip lid has the guide groove matched with this guide rail, is slidably connected between this guide rail and this guide groove.

This removable cover mechanism comprises spiral cover and rotating shaft, and this spiral cover is connected on this opening by this rotating shaft.

This box body comprises box body and is covered on this box lid with it, this lid has a deep gouge, and this opening is opened in this deep gouge bottom surface, and this removable cover mechanism is covered on this deep gouge top.

This gauze is 250-450 order.

This box body is that clear glass or translucent plastic are made.

A kind of Predatory Mites raising method, comprises the following steps:

Step one, by feed heating disinfection, and sealing cooling;

Step 2, loads cooled feed in Predatory Mites raising device, and mite is planted in access in this feed;

Step 3, after completing inoculation, put culturing room into and carry out Development culture, Development culture temperature is 20-30 degree Celsius.

This step one is specially: the feed of raising flour mite is loaded steamer, after carrying out steaming 25-50 minute, takes out and load container and seal with steam, cooling is stand-by naturally;

Described step 2 is specially: cooled feed is loaded this Predatory Mites raising device, and the feed of loading is no more than 2/3rds of this Predatory Mites raising device volume; And to feed access kind of the mite in this Predatory Mites raising device, this kind of mite comprises Predatory Mites, flour mite and original feed, plant the ratio of mite weight and feed relative between 1:50 ~ 1:20, among kind of mite, adult Predatory Mites density in Predatory Mites be 50-150 head/gram, the adult flour mite density in flour mite be 50-200 head/gram;

Described step 3 is specially: after having inoculated, this Predatory Mites raising device is put into growth room to cultivate, indoor temperature controls at 20-30 DEG C, distributing of Moisture in Feed is controlled by the openings of sizes adjusting this Predatory Mites raising device, laggard line sampling inspection in 25-35 days, meet when Predatory Mites is more than 50 in every gram of feed and cultivated, if lazy weight 50/gram, then Extending culture time 3-6 days.

In its step 3, the adjustment process of this Predatory Mites raising device opening is specially: initial state is that opening is opened a little and left finedraw, inoculate and check once every day after 12-17 days, if find in checking process, box wall has steam, this opening opened half by regulating removable cover mechanism or entirely open, treat that steam distributes complete, again opening is opened to half or 1/4th positions, if without steam, then without the need to adjusting opening.

Also comprise step 4, carry out refrigerated storage to the partial eclipse mite that catches cultivated, this refrigerated storage temperature is 10-15 degree Celsius, and the opening of this Predatory Mites raising device, more than 85%, when cold preservation time is no more than 30 days and refrigerates, is opened to half position or opens completely by humidity.

The present invention has following advantage relative to prior art:

1. Predatory Mites raising device of the present invention and raising method, as long as temperature controls within the scope of 25-30 DEG C, just can carry out Predatory Mites raising, very convenient for the breeding application promoting Predatory Mites throughout the country, has broad application prospects.

2. Predatory Mites raising device can be made with crisper used in everyday or plastic storing cabinet etc. only needs simple processing namely can use, thus cuts down finished cost.This Predatory Mites raising device easy to clean, and reusable.Raise Predatory Mites by the present invention, do not need additional configuration humidifier, do not need tank to isolate, article such as sealing paper or cloth etc. are not needed yet, simplify technique that Predatory Mites raises thus simplify operation and reduce labour intensity, also saving the resource such as water, electricity simultaneously, reduce costs.

3. Predatory Mites raising device is made by transparent material, can observe the situation in box at any time, very convenient for monitoring Predatory Mites growing state; Using this Predatory Mites raising device to raise Predatory Mites can to control the humidity in Predatory Mites raising device easily by regulating the size of this removable cover mechanism controls opening, the waste gas in Predatory Mites raising device can be discharged simultaneously easily; Handle control can be carried out to the dry wet degree of feed by the control of the removable cover mechanism to Predatory Mites raising device simultaneously simultaneously, simple to operate.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is structure and the slip lid slip schematic diagram of Predatory Mites raising device of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is the cutaway view of Predatory Mites raising device of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is the A portion partial enlarged drawing of Fig. 2.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of Predatory Mites raising device second embodiment of the present invention.

Fig. 5 is the rotation schematic diagram of Predatory Mites raising device second embodiment spiral cover of the present invention.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

Embodiment 1:

Be one preferably specific embodiment of Predatory Mites raising device as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, comprise box body 10, this box body 10 is made up of clear glass, this box body 10 comprises box body 11 and is covered on the lid 12 on this box body 11, this lid 12 has a deep gouge 13, bottom this deep gouge 13, offer opening 14, and this opening 14 envelope is provided with gauze, this gauze is 300 object metal gauze 15, and this opening 14 has the removable cover mechanism of this opening 14 size of an adjustment.This removable cover mechanism comprises and is arranged on guide rail 21 on this opening 14 and slip lid 22, there is bottom this slip lid 22 guide groove 23 matched with this guide rail 21, be slidably connected between this guide rail 21 and this guide groove 23 and make this slip lid 22 be covered on the size this opening 14 realizing controlling thus this opening 14.

Above-mentioned Predatory Mites raising device raises the method for Predatory Mites, comprises the following steps:

Step one, by feed heating disinfection, and sealing cooling, be specially: the wheat bran of raising flour mite is loaded steamer, starts timing, steam after 30 minutes, take out and load container and seal in time having steam to spray, cooling is stand-by naturally.Dry type sterilization can also be carried out by baking oven in addition, as laser heating dries 4-12 hour under 50-80 DEG C of condition, add suitable moisture content after sterilization is complete to ensure that the water content of feed is between 15%-20%;

Step 2, loads this Predatory Mites raising device by cooled feed, the feed of loading is no more than 2/3rds of this Predatory Mites raising device volume; And to feed access kind of the mite in this Predatory Mites raising device, this kind of mite comprises Predatory Mites, flour mite and original feed, plant the ratio of mite weight and feed relative between 1:50 ~ 1:20, for the kind mite inoculated, require the one-tenth mite density of Predatory Mites be 50-150 head/gram, flour mite become mite density be 50-200 head/gram;

Step 3, after having inoculated, this Predatory Mites raising device is put into growth room to cultivate, indoor temperature controls at 28 degrees Celsius, distributing of Moisture in Feed is controlled by the openings of sizes adjusting this Predatory Mites raising device, concrete regulating step is: initial state is that opening is opened a little and left gap, inoculate and check once every day after 15 days, if find in checking process, box wall has steam, by regulating removable cover mechanism by half-open for this opening or entirely open, treat that steam distributes complete, again opening is opened to half or 1/4th positions, if without steam, then without the need to adjusting opening.After 30 days when finding that box wall has more flour mite and Predatory Mites to creep, can take out and check on a small quantity, if every gram containing when Predatory Mites is more than 50, has namely cultivated, carried out packing or field adaptability;

If every gram containing Predatory Mites less than more than 50 time 3 days Extending culture time also according to the Predatory Mites in this Predatory Mites raising device and flour mite growing state proper extension, can adjust the size of this opening;

Step 4, by remaining Predatory Mites in cultured Predatory Mites or use, carries out refrigerated storage to adapt to produce release plan and the quantity of upper change.Temperature of refrigerating chamber controls at 11 DEG C, humidity 93%, when cold preservation time is no more than 29 days and refrigerates, opens to half position or open this Predatory Mites raising device opening completely.

Table 1 compares the feeding effect of this device feeding effect and existing raising device, under same temperature, damp condition, due to the Air permenbility in the adjustable raising device of this device, reduces the large quantity of exhaust gas of generation in later stage raising device to the impact of Predatory Mites quantity.

Table 1 different device raises Predatory Mites situation (temperature 25 ~ 30 DEG C, humidity 50 ~ 95%)

Note: represent that capitalization difference person difference is extremely remarkable through Dunkan ' s duncan's new multiple range method inspection significant difference with lowercase difference person after column data in table

Embodiment 2:

The structural representation of another kind of Predatory Mites raising device is provided as shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 5, wherein have employed the removable cover mechanism of another kind of this openings of sizes of adjustment, a spiral cover 24 and a rotating shaft 25 is provided with to replace slip lid 22, guide rail 21 and the guide groove 23 in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3 at this opening 14 top, this spiral cover 24 is connected on this opening 14 by this rotating shaft 25, this spiral cover can around this axis of rotation and this gauze is 300 object plastic gauzes 26, and this box body 10 can also be made up of translucent plastic.Its raising method is similar to above-mentioned raising method not to be described at this.

Embodiments of the invention and accompanying drawing are just in order to show design concept of the present invention, and protection scope of the present invention should not be confined to above-described embodiment.

By above describe can find out that purpose of design of the present invention can effectively be implemented.The portion shows of embodiment object of the present invention and implement function and structure theme, and comprise other equivalent replacement.

Therefore, right of the present invention forms the equivalence comprising other and implements, concrete right range reference claim.

Claims (9)

1. a Predatory Mites raising method, is characterized in that: comprise the following steps:
Step one, by feed heating disinfection, and sealing cooling;
Step 2, loads cooled feed in Predatory Mites raising device, and mite is planted in access in this feed;
Step 3, after completing inoculation, put culturing room into and carry out Development culture, Development culture temperature is 20-30 degree Celsius;
Described step one is specially: the feed of raising flour mite is loaded steamer, after carrying out steaming 25-50 minute, takes out and load container and seal with steam, cooling is stand-by naturally;
Described step 2 is specially: cooled feed is loaded this Predatory Mites raising device, and the feed of loading is no more than 2/3rds of this Predatory Mites raising device volume; And to feed access kind of the mite in this Predatory Mites raising device, this kind of mite comprises Predatory Mites, flour mite and original feed, plant the ratio of mite weight and feed relative between 1:50 ~ 1:20, among kind of mite, adult Predatory Mites density in Predatory Mites be 50-150 head/gram, the adult flour mite density in flour mite be 50-200 head/gram;
Described step 3 is specially: after having inoculated, this Predatory Mites raising device is put into growth room to cultivate, indoor temperature controls at 20-30 DEG C, distributing of Moisture in Feed is controlled by the openings of sizes adjusting this Predatory Mites raising device, laggard line sampling inspection in 25-35 days, meet when Predatory Mites is more than 50 in every gram of feed and cultivated, if lazy weight 50/gram, then Extending culture time 3-6 days.
2. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: in its step 3, the adjustment process of this Predatory Mites raising device opening is specially: initial state is that opening is opened and left finedraw, inoculate and check once every day after 12-17 days, if find in checking process, box wall has steam, by regulating removable cover mechanism this opening opened half or entirely open, treating that steam distributes complete, then opening being opened to half or 1/4th positions, if without steam, then without the need to adjusting opening.
3. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: also comprise step 4, refrigerated storage is carried out to the Predatory Mites cultivated, this refrigerated storage temperature is 10-15 degree Celsius, humidity is more than 85%, when cold preservation time is no more than 30 days and refrigerates, the opening of this Predatory Mites raising device opened to half position or open completely.
4. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described Predatory Mites raising device comprises box body, and this box body offers opening, and this opening envelope is provided with gauze, and this opening has the removable cover mechanism of this openings of sizes of adjustment.
5. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: this removable cover mechanism comprises and is arranged on guide rail on this opening and slip lid, and wherein this slip lid has the guide groove matched with this guide rail, is slidably connected between this guide rail and this guide groove.
6. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: this removable cover mechanism comprises spiral cover and rotating shaft, and this spiral cover is connected on this opening by this rotating shaft.
7. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: this box body comprises box body and is covered on this box lid with it, this lid has a deep gouge, and this opening is opened in this deep gouge bottom surface, and this removable cover mechanism is covered on this deep gouge top.
8. a kind of Predatory Mites raising method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: this gauze is 250-450 order.
9. any one Predatory Mites raising method as described in claim 4 to 8, is characterized in that: this box body is that clear glass or translucent plastic are made.
CN201310176080.1A 2013-05-13 2013-05-13 A kind of Predatory Mites raising device and raising method thereof CN103238569B (en)

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CN104186372A (en) * 2014-09-02 2014-12-10 山东农业大学 Indoor bee raising device
CN104782507A (en) * 2015-05-05 2015-07-22 广西桂东灵长类开发实验有限公司 Lighting structure of monkey house
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CN108323476A (en) * 2017-01-19 2018-07-27 石河子大学 A kind of method of the new small peaceful mite of the double tails of artificial feeding
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