CN103235540A - Multi-source information sensing equipment for animal house environment - Google Patents

Multi-source information sensing equipment for animal house environment Download PDF

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CN103235540A
CN103235540A CN 201310162687 CN201310162687A CN103235540A CN 103235540 A CN103235540 A CN 103235540A CN 201310162687 CN201310162687 CN 201310162687 CN 201310162687 A CN201310162687 A CN 201310162687A CN 103235540 A CN103235540 A CN 103235540A
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microprocessor
microcontroller
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scm
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CN 201310162687
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苏中滨
沈维政
董守田
初永良
李佼
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东北农业大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses multi-source information sensing equipment for an animal house environment, which belongs to a livestock breeding production environment monitoring technique. The equipment consists of a singlechip microprocessor, a GPRS (General Packet Radio Service) module, a sensor module, an LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) screen, a storage, a real-time clock, an input key and an alarm signal output device. The equipment has the advantages of easiness in operating, high automatic degree, convenience in using, low manufacturing cost, high processing speed and high instantaneity.

Description

畜舍环境多源信息感知设备 Barn context-aware device multi-source information

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于畜牧业生产环境监测技术,主要涉及一种畜舍环境多源信息感知设备。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technology for environmental monitoring livestock production, mainly one kind of information relates to a multi-source environment barn sensing device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 畜舍环境多源信息感知设备是指在畜舍,如牛舍、猪舍,根据舍内的气体浓度进行检测的设备。 [0002] The multi-source information barn environment sensing device refers to the barn, such as sheds, pig, the device for detecting gas concentration discounted. 目前的畜舍环境感知设备大多没有配备远程输出端口,仅能现场观测,并且大多没有RS485接口,不利于现场设备的互联。 Most of the current barn context-aware device is not equipped with a remote output port, can only field observation, and generally do not have the RS485 interface is not conducive to the interconnection of field devices. 同时目前的畜舍环境采集设备仅能对单一参数进行测量,大多采用传统的AD型传感器,采集精度低,后期维护困难,而且数据精度受温度影响大,大多数不具备自校准功能,随着时间的增长,设备只能更换新机。 Barn environment while the current collecting equipment of only a single parameter is measured, it is traditional AD-type sensor, acquisition accuracy is low, post-maintenance difficulties, and accuracy of the data affected by temperature, most do not have the self-calibration function, with time of growth, the device can only be replaced with new machines. 总之,目前现有的畜舍环境监控设备存在:不能实现数据远传、统一处理、功能单一、采集参数少、精度低、运行稳定性差、安装更换探头困难、价格昂贵等诸多技术性问题需要解决。 In short, the current existing environmental monitoring equipment barn exist: remote data transmission can not be achieved, unified processing, single function, less acquisition parameters, low accuracy, poor operational stability, installation of replacement probe difficult, expensive, and many technical problems to be solved.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明的目的就是针对上述现有技术存在的问题,设计提供一种畜舍环境多源信息感知设备,达到实现数据远程传输、自动化程度高、采集数据多、精度高、功能全、使用方便、造价低廉、处理速度快、实用性强的目的。 [0003] The object of the present invention is for the presence of the above-described prior art problems, designed to provide a multi-source information barn environment sensing device, to provide data remote transmission, high degree of automation, data acquisition, high accuracy, full, using convenient, low cost, fast processing speed, practical purposes.

[0004] 本发明的目的是这样实现的,畜舍环境多源信息感知设备由单片机微处理器、GPRS模块、传感器模块、LCD显示屏、存储器、实时时钟、输入按键、报警信号输出器组成,在存储器中存储设置报警阈值信息和传感器校正信息,装置各部分连接结构是: [0004] The object of the present invention is implemented, multi-source information barn environment perceived by the microcontroller microprocessor device, GPRS module, a sensor module, LCD display, a memory, a real time clock, input keys composed alarm signal output, stored in the memory and setting the alarm threshold information sensor calibration information, device structure is connected to each part:

GPRS模块接单片机微处理器的串口1,GPRS模块通过一片MAX232与单片机微处理器的PL 2/ADC2/ECI/RxD2、PL 3/ADC3/CCP0/TxD2 相连; GPRS module microprocessor connected microcontroller port 1, GPRS module with a single chip microprocessor MAX232 PL 2 / ADC2 / ECI / RxD2, PL 3 / ADC3 / CCP0 / TxD2 connected;

传感器模块的引脚P2、P3分别与单片机微处理器的引脚Pl.0,Pl.4和串口O的P3.0/RxD、P3.1/TxD通过一片MAX232芯片以总线方式相连; Pin Pl.0 sensor module pins P2, P3, respectively SCM microprocessor, Pl.4 O port and the P3.0 / RxD, P3.1 / TxD via a bus-connected to the chip MAX232;

IXD显示屏通过串行方式与单片机微处理器相连,VO与IOK电位器分压相连,IXD显示屏的引脚RS、RW和E分别与单片机微处理器的引脚P2.3、P2.4和P2.5相连,IXD显示屏的引脚PSB、RST分别与单片机微处理器的GND、VCC相连,IXD显示屏的BLA通过S8550与单片机微处理器的P0.1相连,IXD显示屏的BLK与单片机微处理器的GND相连; IXD serially connected through the display microprocessor and microcontroller, is connected to the partial pressure of the VO IOK potentiometer, the RS pin P2.3 pin display IXD, RW, and E, respectively, and SCM microprocessor, P2.4 and P2.5 are connected, GND pin PSB IXD display, RST respectively SCM microprocessor, VCC is connected, BLA IXD screen is connected via a microprocessor and microcontroller P0.1 S8550, BLK IXD display SCM microprocessor is connected to GND;

存储器的引脚SCL和SDA分别与单片机微处理器的引脚Pl.0、Pl.4以总线方式相连,存储器的地址为0,引脚E0、El、E2分别与单片机微处理器的GND相连; SCL and SDA pin memory respectively Pl.0 pin microcontroller microprocessor, Pl.4 bus-connected memory address is 0, the pin E0, El, E2 SCM microprocessor is connected to GND, respectively ;

实时时钟的引脚X1、X2接32.768k晶振,VCC2接VCC电源,实时时钟的VCCl与一块CR2032连接,实时时钟的SCLK、10、RST分别于单片机微处理器的P2.0、P2.1、P2.2相连;输入按键由5个ΚΕΥ(ΓΚΕΥ4轻触开关组成,5个按键按十字形分布,分别为菜单、确定、取消、增加、减少,且分别与单片机微处理器的Ρ3.3>3.7相连; 报警信号输出器由蜂鸣器和红色指示灯组成,蜂鸣器由S8550驱动,与单片机微处理器的P0.0相连,红色指示灯经限流电阻与单片机微处理器的Ρ2.7相连;本发明通过读取传感器信息获取当前各路数值,经过读取存储器的校正信息确定当前环境信息值,查询存储器并与阈值比较判断当前环境状态,通过LCD显示屏进行现场显示,通过GPRS模块发送到信息中心或终端,通过单片机微处理器测得环境信息后进行综合判断处理,将处理结果通过报警信号输出器的蜂鸣器 Real-time clock pin X1, X2 then 32.768k crystal, the VCC2 to VCC power supply, connected to the real-time clock is a VCCl CR2032, real time clock SCLK, 10, RST respectively microprocessor MCU P2.0, P2.1, P2.2 is connected; a five input keys ΚΕΥ (ΓΚΕΥ4 touch switch composed of five buttons press cross profile, respectively, menu, OK, cancel, increase, decrease, and each microprocessor and microcontroller Ρ3.3> 3.7 connected; alarm signal output device composed of red light and a buzzer, buzzer is driven by S8550, the microcontroller is connected to P0.0 of the microprocessor, the red light by the limiting resistor and SCM microprocessor Ρ2 stream. 7 is connected; brightest of the present invention acquires the current value by reading the sensor information to determine the current value of the environment information read through the correction information memory, and a memory query with a threshold value determined current state of the environment, the display by the LCD display site, via GPRS the information center or the sending module to the terminal, the integrated determination process performed by the microprocessor after the microcontroller measured environmental information, the processing result by the buzzer alarm signal output device 报和闪烁警报,具有远程传输性能好、采集数据多、操作简单、自动化程度高、使用方便、价格低廉、处理速度快、实用性强的特点。 News and flashing alarm, remote transmission has a good performance, data collection and more, simple operation, high degree of automation, easy to use, low cost, fast processing speed, practical features.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0005] 附图是畜舍环境多源信息感知设备结构示意图。 [0005] The drawings are schematic structure of a multi-source information sensing apparatus barn environment.

[0006] 图中件号说明: [0006] FIG Part Number Description:

1、单片机微处理器2、GPRS模块3、传感器模块4、LED显示屏 1, single-chip microprocessor 2, GPRS module 3, a sensor module 4, LED display

5、存储器6、实时时钟7、输入按键8、报警信号输出器。 5, a memory 6, a real time clock 7, a key input 8, the alarm signal output device.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0007] 下面结合附图对本发明最佳实施方案进行详细描述。 [0007] DRAWINGS embodiment of the preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail. 畜舍环境多源信息感知设备由单片机微处理器1、GPRS模块2、传感器模块3、IXD显示屏4、存储器5、实时时钟6、输入按键7、报警信号输出器8组成,在存储器5中存储设置报警阈值信息和传感器校正信息,装置各部分连接结构是: Barn multi-source environment information perceived by the microcontroller microprocessor apparatus 1, GPRS module 2, the sensor module 3, IXD display 4, memory 5, a real time clock 6, 7 input button, 8 is composed of the alarm signal output, in the memory 5 set alarm thresholds stored in the sensor information and correction information, means connected to the structure of each part is:

GPRS模块2接单片机微处理器I的串口1,GPRS模块2通过一片MAX232与单片机微处理器I 的P1.2/ADC2/ECI/RxD2、PL 3/ADC3/CCP0/TxD2 相连; GPRS module 2 connected microcontroller microprocessor serial I 1, GPRS module 2 via a single-chip microprocessor I MAX232 with the P1.2 / ADC2 / ECI connected / RxD2, PL 3 / ADC3 / CCP0 / TxD2;

传感器模块3的引脚P2、P3分别与单片机微处理器I的引脚Pl.0、Pl.4和串口O的P3.0/RxD、P3.1/TxD通过一片MAX232芯片以总线方式相连; Sensor module pins P2, P3 3 are microprocessor and microcontroller pin I Pl.0, Pl.4 O port and the P3.0 / RxD, P3.1 / TxD via a bus-connected to the chip MAX232;

IXD显示屏4通过串行方式与单片机微处理器I相连,VO与IOK电位器分压相连,IXD显示屏4的引脚RS、RW和E分别与单片机微处理器I的引脚P2.3、P2.4和P2.5相连,IXD显示屏4的引脚PSB、RST分别与单片机微处理器I的GND、VCC相连,IXD显示屏4的BLA通过S8550与单片机微处理器I的P0.1相连,IXD显示屏4的BLK与单片机微处理器I的GND相连; IXD display screen 4 through a serial manner with the microcontroller I connected to the microprocessor, and the partial pressure of IOK potentiometer connected VO, IXD display pin 4 of the RS, RW, and E, respectively, and pin P2.3 of microcontroller microprocessor I , P2.4 and P2.5 are connected, IXD pin display of PSB 4, RST of the microprocessor I microcontroller GND, VCC respectively connected, IXD display BLA 4 through S8550 microprocessor and microcontroller I of P0. 1 is connected, is connected to the microprocessor and microcontroller BLK IXD screen I of the GND 4;

存储器5的引脚SCL和SDA分别与单片机微处理器I的引脚Pl.0,Pl.4以总线方式相连,存储器5的地址为0,引脚E0、El、E2分别与单片机微处理器I的GND相连; The memory 5 and the SCL pin and SDA pin, respectively, of microprocessor I Pl.0 microcontroller, Pl.4 are bus connected to the memory 5 as address 0, pin E0, El, E2, respectively SCM microprocessor I is connected to GND;

实时时钟6的引脚X1、X2接32.768k晶振,VCC2接VCC电源,实时时钟6的VCCl与一块CR2032连接,实时时钟6的SCLK、10、RST分别于单片机微处理器I的P2.0、P2.1、P2.2相连; Real-time clock pin of X1 6, an X2 connection 32.768k crystal, the VCC2 to VCC power supply, real-time clock VCCl 6 is connected to a CR2032, the real-time clock SCLK 6, 10, RST P2.0 respectively microprocessor MCU I, P2.1, P2.2 connected;

输入按键7由5个ΚΕΥ(ΓΚΕΥ4轻触开关组成,5个按键按十字形分布,分别为菜单、确定、取消、增加、减少,且分别与单片机微处理器I的Ρ3.3>3.7相连; 7 by the input keys 5 ΚΕΥ (ΓΚΕΥ4 touch switch composed of five buttons Press cross profile, respectively, menu, OK, Cancel, increase, decrease, and are connected to a single chip microprocessor I Ρ3.3> 3.7;

报警信号输出器8由蜂鸣器和红色指示灯组成,蜂鸣器由S8550驱动,与单片机微处理器I的P0.0相连,红色指示灯经限流电阻与单片机微处理器I的Ρ2.7相连。 8 outputs an alarm signal by a buzzer and the red indicator lights, buzzer is driven by S8550, the microcontroller is connected to P0.0 of microprocessor I red LED current limiting resistor with a microcontroller microprocessor I Ρ2. 7 are connected.

Claims (1)

  1. 1.一种畜舍环境多源信息感知设备,其特征在于所述的感知设备由单片机微处理器(I)、GPRS模块(2)、传感器模块(3)、LCD显示屏(4)、存储器(5)、实时时钟(6)、输入按键(7 )、报警信号输出器(8 )组成,在存储器(5 )中存储设置报警阈值信息和传感器校正信息,装置各部分连接结构是: GPRS模块(2 )接单片机微处理器(I)的串口I,GPRS模块(2 )通过一片MAX232与单片机微处理器(I)的P1.2/ADC2/ECI/RxD2、PL 3/ADC3/CCP0/TxD2 相连; 传感器模块(3)的引脚P2、P3分别与单片机微处理器(I)的引脚P1.0、P1.4和串口O的P3.0/RxD、P3.1/TxD通过一片MAX232芯片以总线方式相连; IXD显示屏(4)通过串行方式与单片机微处理器(I)相连,VO与IOK电位器分压相连,IXD显示屏(4)的引脚RS、RW和E分别与单片机微处理器(I)的引脚P2.3、P2.4和P2.5相连,IXD显示屏(4)的引脚PSB、RST分别与单片机微处理器(I)的GND、VCC相连,IXD显示屏( A multi-source information barn environment sensing device, wherein said sensing device by the microprocessor MCU (I), GPRS module (2), the sensor module (3), LCD display (4), a memory ( 5), real time clock (6), input keys (7), the alarm signal output (8), with a storage setting the alarm threshold value information and the sensor correction information in a memory (5), the apparatus portions connecting structure is: GPRS module ( 2) a microprocessor connected microcontroller (I) serial I, GPRS module (2) via a MAX232 P1.2 and SCM microprocessor (I) is / ADC2 / ECI / RxD2, PL 3 / ADC3 / CCP0 / TxD2 connected ; sensor module (3) pins P2, P3, respectively, and SCM microprocessor (I) of the pins P1.0, P1.4 O port and the P3.0 / RxD, P3.1 / TxD via a MAX232 chip bus-connected; IXD display (4) is connected to the microprocessor through the serial mode with the microcontroller (I), the partial pressure of IOK potentiometer connected VO, IXD display (4) pins RS, RW, and E, respectively SCM microprocessor (I) of the pins P2.3, P2.4 and P2.5 are connected, IXD display (4) of the pin PSB, RST and GND respectively SCM microprocessor (I) are, connected to the VCC, IXD display ( 4)的BLA通过S8550与单片机微处理器(I)的P0.1相连,IXD显示屏(4)的BLK与单片机微处理器(I)的GND相连; 存储器(5)的引脚SCL和SDA分别与单片机微处理器(I)的引脚Pl.0、P1.4以总线方式相连,存储器(5)的地址为0,引脚E0、E1、E2分别与单片机微处理器(I)的GND相连; 实时时钟(6)的引脚X1、X2接32.768k晶振,VCC2接VCC电源,实时时钟(6)的VCCl与一块CR2032连接,实时时钟(6)的SCLK、IO、RST分别于单片机微处理器(I)的P2.0、P2.1、P2.2相连; 输入按键(7)由5个ΚΕΥ(ΓΚΕΥ4轻触开关组成,5个按键按十字形分布,分别为菜单、确定、取消、增加、减少,且分别与单片机微处理器(I)的Ρ3.3>3.7相连; 报警信号输出器(8)由蜂鸣器和红色指示灯组成,蜂鸣器由S8550驱动,与单片机微处理器(I)的P0.0相连,红色指示灯经限流电阻与单片机微处理器(I)的Ρ2.7相连。 4) The BLA by P0.1 S8550 microprocessor and microcontroller (I) is connected, is connected to GND IXD display (4) of the single-chip microprocessor and BLK (I); a memory (5) of the SCL and SDA pins the microcontroller pins are Pl.0 microprocessor (I) are, P1.4 are bus connected to the address memory (5) is 0, the pin E0, E1, E2 respectively, and SCM microprocessor (I), GND is connected; real-time clock (6) pins X1, X2 then 32.768k crystal, the VCC2 to VCC power supply, real-time clock (6) is connected to a VCCl CR2032, real-time clock (6) of the SCLK, IO, RST respectively SCM P2.0 microprocessor formula (I), P2.1, P2.2 connected; input keys (7) consists of five ΚΕΥ (ΓΚΕΥ4 touch switch composed of five buttons press cross profile, respectively, the menu is determined, cancellation, increase, decrease, and are connected to microprocessor MCU (I) is Ρ3.3> 3.7; alarm signal output (8) and the red indicator lights buzzer, buzzer is driven by S8550, the microcontroller P0.0 microprocessor (I) is connected, the red LED is connected via a current limiting resistor Ρ2.7 SCM microprocessor (I) is.
CN 201310162687 2013-05-07 2013-05-07 Multi-source information sensing equipment for animal house environment CN103235540A (en)

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