CN103233560A - Photovoltaic device integrated with building guardrail - Google Patents

Photovoltaic device integrated with building guardrail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103233560A
CN103233560A CN201310123589XA CN201310123589A CN103233560A CN 103233560 A CN103233560 A CN 103233560A CN 201310123589X A CN201310123589X A CN 201310123589XA CN 201310123589 A CN201310123589 A CN 201310123589A CN 103233560 A CN103233560 A CN 103233560A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
integrated
photovoltaic module
photovoltaic
building guardrail
solar cell
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Granted
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CN201310123589XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103233560B (en
Inventor
洪瑞江
谢丽莹
孙韵琳
赵杰
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Sun Yat Sen University
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Sun Yat Sen University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of photovoltaic products and particularly relates to an integrated photovoltaic device integrated with building guardrail. The device comprises a building guardrail assembly, a photovoltaic module mounted on the building guardrail assembly and an inversion/charging and discharging control system which is connected with the photovoltaic module. The building guardrail assembly comprises a mounting bracket and a handrail. The photovoltaic module comprises a solar cell arranged in a lamination mode, bonding layers arranged on two sides of the solar cell, a tempered glass protective layer and a packaging adhesive, wherein the packaging adhesive is used for sealing edges of the solar cell, the bonding layers and the tempered glass protective layer. A junction box is connected onto the photovoltaic module. A photovoltaic power generation control system comprises a micro inverter, a controller and a storage battery which are sequentially connected with the photovoltaic module. The photovoltaic device is integrated with the original guardrail, so that design and mounting costs are reduced, besides, the consumption of conventional energy resources is reduced greatly, and clean energy can be generated by buildings to meet requirements of the buildings to enable the buildings to be environmentally friendly and energy-saving.

Description

The integrated photovoltaic devices of a kind of integrated building guardrail
Technical field
The invention belongs to the photovoltaic product technical field, particularly the integrated photovoltaic devices of a kind of integrated building guardrail.
Background technology
Photovoltaic technology is a kind of novel energy-conservation means, with various intrinsic advantages such as its clean energy resource, environmentally friendly, national policy supports, is widely used at present in large-scale ground photovoltaic plant and the power station, part roof.
The traditional architecture power-saving technology is combined with the regenerative resource building technology of answering, will promote solar electrical energy generation to use from the dispersion of remote districts, develop to whole city unified planning direction.
The research energetically of BIPV (Building Integrated PV) mainly contains following reason: the one, save the space; The 2nd, can generate power for their own use, reduce building energy consumption; The 3rd, save cost, be suitable for the novel building maintenance materials, substituted expensive decorative material, reduce the overall cost of building; The 4th, can solve the imbalance between supply and demand of electrical network peak valley to mains supply in peak times of power consumption; The 5th, stopped the air pollution that is brought by general fossil fuel generating.
In the technology, photovoltaic module is installed in the roof more now, and for plate-like structure designs, this design can effectively absorb solar energy, obtains better electricity conversion, and still, it still has the following disadvantages:
(1) can not form integrated design with existing building, increase later stage photovoltaic system design and installation cost;
(2) existing BIPV (Building Integrated PV) component form is single, does not meet modern architectural aesthetic;
(3) need the system designer of specialty that support is designed in advance before the installation, need equipment, equipment, the personnel of specialty during installation, installation cost is higher;
When (4) installing structures such as the load-bearing of existing building, waterproof there is certain destruction;
(5) after the installation, lead-in wire has certain destruction to overall appearance.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the concrete integrated photovoltaic devices of a kind of integrated building guardrail that discloses, the integrated photovoltaic devices of this integrated building guardrail and original guardrail integrated design, reduce design and installation cost, in addition, significantly reduce the conventional energy resource power consumption of building, allow architecture-self produce the needs that clean energy resource is supplied with architecture-self, make building become green energy saving building.
In order to reach above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention realizes by following technical scheme:
The integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail of the present invention; comprise the building fence assembly; be installed in the photovoltaic module on the building fence assembly; and the photovoltaic power generation control system that is connected with photovoltaic module; described building fence assembly comprises mounting bracket and the handrail that is fixed on the mounting bracket; described photovoltaic module comprises the solar cell that lamination arranges; place the adhesive linkage of solar cell two sides; tempered glass topping and be used for the sealed solar battery; adhesive linkage; the packaging plastic at tempered glass topping edge; be electrically connected with junction box on the described photovoltaic module, described photovoltaic power generation control system comprises the little inverter that is electrically connected successively with photovoltaic module; controller; battery.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned technology, described solar cell is monocrystalline silicon battery or polycrystal silicon cell or colored battery or two-sided battery or hull cell.
In the present invention, the rectangular array arrangement of described solar cell, the area of arranging of the solar cell that this rectangular array is arranged accounts for 40%~90% of photovoltaic module total surface area, and light penetration is 10%~80%.
In the present invention, described adhesive linkage is EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage, and the light transmittance of described EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage is 80%~98%.
In the present invention, the length range of described tempered glass topping is that 1000mm~2000mm, width range are 500mm~1000mm, thickness protection 2mm~10mm, has both guaranteed the mechanical strength that photovoltaic makes up, and also considers the aesthetics of guardrail size.
In the present invention, described junction box is installed on the photovoltaic module, is provided with bypass diode in this junction box.
In the present invention, the two sides of described photovoltaic module are fixed on the mounting bracket by joint pin.
In the present invention, the middle part of described mounting bracket is hollow design, makes things convenient for cabling.
In addition, the integrated photovoltaic devices of described integrated building guardrail also comprises the environment measuring instrument.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
Need not carry out design iterations to the mounting bracket of photovoltaic component when (1) the present invention installs, get final product according to existing balcony balustrade mounting means; Lead-in wire is simple, and the mounting bracket by hollow causes underground unified cabling again with lead-in wire;
Build simultaneously with building when (2) photovoltaic module of the present invention is installed and carry out, avoid the problem that repeats to construct, can not bring destruction to building structure designs such as load-bearing own, waterproof simultaneously.
(3) system of each subscriber unit of photovoltaic module of the present invention (balcony) carries out commutation inversion by little inverter to the direct current output of this system, and this design can be avoided the partial occlusion phenomenon between building, guarantees to be blocked user's normal power generation state; In addition, by controller charging and discharging of accumulator is controlled, made the system also can normal power supply at night.
(4) this invention also is furnished with the environment measuring instrument, can monitor ambient parameters such as sun good fortune illumination, temperature, humidity, wind speed in real time.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in detail:
Fig. 1 is the integrated photovoltaic devices structural representation of integrated building guardrail of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is photovoltaic module structure schematic diagram among the present invention.
Fig. 3 is photovoltaic power generation control system structural representation among the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment one:
As Fig. 1; Fig. 2; shown in Figure 3; the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail of the present invention; comprise the building fence assembly; be installed in the photovoltaic module 3 on the building fence assembly; and the photovoltaic power generation control system that is connected with photovoltaic module 3; described building fence assembly comprises mounting bracket 1 and the handrail 2 that is fixed on the mounting bracket 1; described photovoltaic module 3 comprises the solar cell 31 that lamination arranges; place EVA adhesive linkage or the PVB adhesive linkage 32 of solar cell 31 two sides; tempered glass topping 33 and be used for sealed solar battery 31; EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage 32; the packaging plastic 34 at tempered glass topping 33 edges; be electrically connected with junction box 7 on the described photovoltaic module 3, described photovoltaic power generation control system comprises the little inverter 4 that is electrically connected successively with photovoltaic module; controller 5; battery 6.
Above-mentioned photovoltaic module is installed in the highrise building; described solar cell 31 adopts the colored crystal silicon battery of 156mm*156mm; these solar cell 31 arrangement modes are 4 row, 5 row; these solar cell 31 gross areas account for about 55% of photovoltaic module 3 gross areas; light transmittance behind EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage 32 laminations is greater than 90%; tempered glass topping 33 is of a size of 1300mm*850mm*3.2mm; the setting of tempered glass topping 33 had both guaranteed the mechanical strength of photovoltaic module 3, also considered the aesthetics of guardrail size.
In addition; as shown in Figure 2; the laminar structure of described photovoltaic module 3 is: tempered glass topping 33-EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage 32-solar cell 31-EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage 32-tempered glass topping 33; usefulness packaging plastic 6 is incited somebody to action the peripheral structure encapsulation at edge separately behind the lamination; by four joint pins 8 photovoltaic module 3 is installed on the mounting bracket 1 that aluminium alloys makes then, lead-in wire causes underfloor cabling by the centre bore of mounting bracket 1.
The direct current output of the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail of the present invention is carried out commutation inversion by little inverter 4, forms photovoltaic power generation control system by controller 5 and battery 8, realizes discharging and recharging function.
In addition, the integrated photovoltaic devices of described integrated building guardrail also comprises the environment measuring instrument, can monitor ambient parameters such as sun good fortune illumination, temperature, humidity, wind speed in real time, and is easy to use and reliable.
Embodiment two:
Present embodiment and embodiment one are basic identical; its difference is: present embodiment is that photovoltaic module is installed in the open balcony; solar cell 31 adopts two-sided battery; these solar cell 31 arrangement modes are that the matrix form of 4 row, 6 row is arranged; these solar cell 31 gross areas account for about 70% of the photovoltaic module gross area; light transmittance behind EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage 32 laminations is greater than 90%, and tempered glass topping 33 is of a size of 1300mm*850mm*3.2mm.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned embodiment, every various changes of the present invention or modification are not broken away from the spirit and scope of the present invention, if these are changed and modification belongs within claim of the present invention and the equivalent technologies scope, then the present invention also means and comprises these changes and modification.

Claims (10)

1. integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail; it is characterized in that: comprise the building fence assembly; be installed in the photovoltaic module on the building fence assembly; and the inversion/charge-discharge control system that is connected with photovoltaic module; described building fence assembly comprises mounting bracket and the handrail that is fixed on the mounting bracket; described photovoltaic module comprises the solar cell that lamination arranges; place the adhesive linkage of solar cell two sides; tempered glass topping and be used for the sealed solar battery; adhesive linkage; the packaging plastic at tempered glass topping edge; be electrically connected with junction box on the described photovoltaic module, described inversion/charge-discharge control system comprises the little inverter that is electrically connected successively with photovoltaic module; controller; battery.
2. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described solar cell is monocrystalline silicon battery or polycrystal silicon cell or colored battery or two-sided battery or hull cell.
3. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the rectangular array arrangement of described solar cell, the area of arranging of the solar cell that this rectangular array is arranged accounts for 40%~90% of photovoltaic module total surface area, and light penetration is 10%~80%.
4. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described adhesive linkage is EVA adhesive linkage or PVB adhesive linkage.
5. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: described EVA(PVB) light transmittance of adhesive linkage is 80%~98%.
6. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the length range of described tempered glass topping is that 1000mm~2000mm, width range are 500mm~1000mm, thickness protection 2mm~10mm.
7. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described junction box is installed on the photovoltaic module, is provided with bypass diode in this junction box.
8. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the two sides of described photovoltaic module are fixed on the mounting bracket by joint pin.
9. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the middle part of described mounting bracket is hollow design.
10. the integrated photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the integrated photovoltaic devices of described integrated building guardrail also comprises the environment measuring instrument.
CN201310123589.XA 2013-04-10 2013-04-10 A kind of photovoltaic devices of integrated building guardrail integral Active CN103233560B (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103441164A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-11 吴成芳 Composite glass curtain wall generating board
CN104810420A (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-07-29 安阳市方圆钢化玻璃有限责任公司 Light transmitting crystalline silicon solar cell assembly
CN106065695A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-11-02 芜湖贝斯特新能源开发有限公司 A kind of solar energy balcony for photovoltaic generation and installation method thereof
CN107938826A (en) * 2016-02-25 2018-04-20 茹咪娜 A kind of building balcony

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201181708Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-01-14 巨茂光电(厦门)有限公司 Photovoltaic component apparatus used for point-supporting glass railing
WO2011037336A2 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-31 (주)엘지하우시스 Photovoltaic module attached to guardrail
CN202369920U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-08-08 广东坚朗五金制品股份有限公司 Photovoltaic glass guardrail

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201181708Y (en) * 2008-04-03 2009-01-14 巨茂光电(厦门)有限公司 Photovoltaic component apparatus used for point-supporting glass railing
WO2011037336A2 (en) * 2009-09-23 2011-03-31 (주)엘지하우시스 Photovoltaic module attached to guardrail
CN202369920U (en) * 2011-12-29 2012-08-08 广东坚朗五金制品股份有限公司 Photovoltaic glass guardrail

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
方大千 等: "《实用电工手册》", 31 December 2011 *

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103441164A (en) * 2013-09-05 2013-12-11 吴成芳 Composite glass curtain wall generating board
CN104810420A (en) * 2014-01-23 2015-07-29 安阳市方圆钢化玻璃有限责任公司 Light transmitting crystalline silicon solar cell assembly
CN107938826A (en) * 2016-02-25 2018-04-20 茹咪娜 A kind of building balcony
CN106065695A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-11-02 芜湖贝斯特新能源开发有限公司 A kind of solar energy balcony for photovoltaic generation and installation method thereof

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