CN103231052A - Powder metallurgy sun gear and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Powder metallurgy sun gear and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103231052A
CN103231052A CN2013101076126A CN201310107612A CN103231052A CN 103231052 A CN103231052 A CN 103231052A CN 2013101076126 A CN2013101076126 A CN 2013101076126A CN 201310107612 A CN201310107612 A CN 201310107612A CN 103231052 A CN103231052 A CN 103231052A
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powder
hour
iron
minute
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CN103231052B (en
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丁邦顺
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Anhui Hengjun Powder Metallurgy Technology Co., Ltd.
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ANHUI HENGYU POWDER METALLURGY Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a powder metallurgy sun gear which is formed by compressing the following power stocks in part by weight: 100 parts of iron powder, 1.8 to 2.0 parts of copper powder, 0.5 to 0.8 part of molybdenum powder, 0.1 to 0.3 part of vanadium powder, 0.8 to 1.2 part of nickel powder, 0.5 to 0.8 part of graphite powder, 0.1 to 0.3 part of modified wood ash,0.2 to 0.6 part of rare earth ferrosilicon alloy, 0.1 to 0.3 part of Cr powder, 0.1 to 0.2 part of ethylene bis stearamide, 0.1 to 0.3 part of WS2, 0.2 to 0.4 part of yttrium powder, 0.2 to 0.4 part of boron nitride, and 0.4 to 0.5 part of molybdenum sulfide. When in preparation, mixing the powder stocks stepwise firstly, and obtaining the finished product sun gear through compressing and manufacturing, sintering, heat treatment and surface treatment. The produced powder metallurgy sun gear has the advantages that the sun gear is good in abrasion resistance, high in strength and rigidity, good in machinability, is corrosion resistant and less susceptible to breakage, and has a long service life.

Description

A kind of powder metallurgy central gear and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of powder metallurgy, be specifically related to a kind of powder metallurgy central gear and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
PM technique can reduce the cutting cost significantly with the parts of the shape production requirement high dimensional accuracy extremely close with article shape, complicated shape.Therefore, sintered metal product is as the parts of various machineries, device and utilize in many-side.
Generally speaking, alloy such as mixing graphite powder is with lubricant powders such as powder and stearic acid, Cr powder and after forming the iron-based powder mixed powder in the iron-based powder, this iron-based powder mixed powder is filled into metal die, press molding and make powder metallurgical with iron-based powder formed body (press-powder body).Wherein, iron-based powder can be divided into iron powder (straight iron powder etc.), powdered alloy steel etc. according to composition.And iron-based powder also can be divided into atomized iron powder, reduced iron powder etc. according to manufacture method.The density of iron-based powder formed body is generally 6.6-7.1 mg/m3.Further implement sintering processes and form sintered body for these iron-based powder formed bodies, and implement finishing, machining as required and form sintered metal product.When needing to improve hot strength, fatigue strength, also implement carburizing heat treatment, brightness heat treatment behind the sintering.But existing powdered metal parts is because the proportion difference of various raw materials in the prescription, be difficult to guarantee during mixing to mix, cause the density unevenness of the green compact that are pressed into even, by heat treatment, the global density of the part of gained is inhomogeneous, causes every mechanical property bad.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of powder metallurgy central gear and preparation method thereof, with special raw material proportioning and the technology of science, produce the powder metallurgy central gear to have wearability good, intensity height, hardness height, machinability are good, corrosion-resistant, be not prone to fracture, the characteristics of long service life.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of powder metallurgy central gear, it is characterized in that, powder stock compacting by following weight portion forms: iron powder 100, copper powder 1.8-2.0, molybdenum powder 0.5-0.8, vanadium powder 0.1-0.3, nickel powder 0.8-1.2, graphite powder 0.5-0.8, modification trees ashes 0.1-0.3, rare earth ferrosilicon alloy 0.2-0.6, Cr powder 0.1-0.3, ethylene bis stearic acid amide 0.1-0.2, WS2 0.1-0.3, yttrium powder 0.2-0.4, boron nitride 0.2-0.4, molybdenum sulfide 0.4-0.5, described rare earth ferrosilicon alloy the trade mark be FeSiRE23, granularity 5-20 mm.
The preparation method of described powder metallurgy central gear is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) at first the base-material iron powder of 40-50% is packed in the high-speed mixer, to the silane resin acceptor kh-550 that wherein adds base-material iron powder quality 0.3-0.6%, high-speed stirred 5-6 minute, then with copper powder, molybdenum powder, vanadium powder, nickel powder, graphite powder, modification trees ashes powder, the Cr powder, ethylene bis stearic acid amide and remaining iron powder add wherein successively, the heating of high-speed mixing limit, limit, when temperature is raised to 125-130 ℃, all the other components in will filling a prescription all add wherein, continue again to mix 8-10 minute, allow its cooling then, obtain the uniform iron base powder mixture of density end;
(2) pack in the mould in the iron base powder mixture end that step (1) is obtained, press forming under 550-580Mpa pressure;
(3) green compact of press forming are placed in the sintering furnace, in the protective atmosphere of hydrogen and nitrogen mixture body, it is 1000~1050 ℃ in temperature at first, sintering time is 10-20 minute, then with 10-20 ℃/minute speed rising temperature to 1150-1180 ℃, under this temperature, reburn and tied 10-15 minute, room temperature is down in cooling then;
(4) green compact of heat treatment press forming carry out earlier normalized treatment in normalizing furnace, and 805~815 ℃ are incubated about 1-2 hour down; Carry out Quenching Treatment after the taking-up again, send into and be heated to 650-700 ℃ ℃ in the heat-treatment furnace, and be incubated 2-3 hour; Then, cool off with quenching oil, the gear after quenching is sent into to be heated in the tempering furnace carry out the high tempering processing under 500-520 ℃, be incubated 1.5-2 hour, carry out lonneal at 155~165 ℃ again, be incubated 2-3 hour;
(5) the powder metallurgy central gear after the carburizing lonneal is heated to 875-925 ℃ in the carburizing medium of gaseous state in carburizer, insulation was handled 3-5 hour, was cooled to 120 ℃, during insulation 5-8, and cool to room temperature then;
(6) the powder metallurgy central gear behind the steam treatment carburizing nitrogen is sent in the steam oven, carries out steam treatment, and vapor (steam) temperature 600-700 ℃, be incubated processing time 3-4 hour, be incubated 2-3 hour down at 200-250 ℃ then, naturally cool to room temperature at last, get final product.
Described powder metallurgy central gear is characterized in that, the particle diameter of various metal dusts is in 200-400 order scope in the described raw material.
The preparation method of described powder metallurgy central gear, it is characterized in that, described modification trees ashes powder is prepared from by the following method: with the trees ashes earlier with 25% salt acid soak 30-40 minute, neutralize with alkali lye then, use the deionized water rinsing impurity elimination again, mix again and with small amount of ethanol dissolved dilution NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent, the consumption of NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent is the 1-2% of trees ashes weight, add in the high speed mixer with Sprayable, discharging behind the stirring 15-20min, oven dry grinds to form 300-400 order powder, obtains modification trees ashes powder.
Advantage of the present invention and beneficial effect:
1. powder metallurgy central gear of the present invention, adopt substep to mix, guaranteed the density uniformity of finished parts, improved the comprehensive mechanical performance of central gear, add man-hour, in the operation of mixed-powder material, at first wetting to the part iron powder with coupling agent, and then alloyed powder and lubricant added in the wetting iron powder in proportion mix, adding wherein through remaining iron powder at last, fully mix, the mixed-powder of gained is repressed, sintering, heat treatment, surface treatment obtains final product at last, the powder metallurgy processing technology of employing, significantly reduce manufacturing cost, improved stock utilization and productivity ratio.
2. powder metallurgy central gear of the present invention adds the metal dust of different proportion in composition of raw materials, make the central gear of preparing reach high strength, the performance of high rigidity and high abrasion; In prescription, add an amount of kollag, increased the self-lubricating property of product; Add an amount of vanadium powder, modification trees ashes powder, improved intensity and anti-wear performance and the self-lubricating property of product.
The specific embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but the present invention not only is confined to following examples.
Embodiment takes by weighing following raw material (kg) iron powder 100, copper powder 1.9, molybdenum powder 0.6, vanadium powder 0.2, nickel powder 1.0, graphite powder 0.7, modification trees ashes 0.2, rare earth ferrosilicon alloy 0.5, Cr powder 0.2, ethylene bis stearic acid amide 0.15, WS2 0.2, yttrium powder 0.3, boron nitride 0.3, molybdenum sulfide 0.45, described rare earth ferrosilicon alloy the trade mark be FeSiRE23, granularity 5-20 mm
The preparation method may further comprise the steps:
(1) at first the base-material iron powder of 40-50% is packed in the high-speed mixer, to the silane resin acceptor kh-550 that wherein adds base-material iron powder quality 0.3-0.6%, high-speed stirred 5-6 minute, then with copper powder, molybdenum powder, vanadium powder, nickel powder, graphite powder, modification trees ashes powder, the Cr powder, ethylene bis stearic acid amide and remaining iron powder add wherein successively, the heating of high-speed mixing limit, limit, when temperature is raised to 125-130 ℃, all the other components in will filling a prescription all add wherein, continue again to mix 8-10 minute, allow its cooling then, obtain the uniform iron base powder mixture of density end;
(2) pack in the mould in the iron base powder mixture end that step (1) is obtained, press forming under 550-580Mpa pressure;
(3) green compact of press forming are placed in the sintering furnace, in the protective atmosphere of hydrogen and nitrogen mixture body, it is 1000~1050 ℃ in temperature at first, sintering time is 10-20 minute, then with 5-8 ℃/minute speed rising temperature to 1150-1180 ℃, under this temperature, knot 10-15 minute reburns, room temperature is down in cooling then, is carrying out fine finishining;
(4) green compact of heat treatment press forming carry out earlier normalized treatment in normalizing furnace, and 805~815 ℃ are incubated about 1-2 hour down; Carry out Quenching Treatment after the taking-up again, send into and be heated to 650-700 ℃ ℃ in the heat-treatment furnace, and be incubated 2-3 hour; Then, cool off with quenching oil, the gear after quenching is sent into to be heated in the tempering furnace carry out the high tempering processing under 500-520 ℃, be incubated 1.5-2 hour, carry out lonneal at 155~165 ℃ again, be incubated 2-3 hour;
(5) the powder metallurgy central gear after the carburizing lonneal is heated to 875-925 ℃ in the carburizing medium of gaseous state in carburizer, insulation was handled 3-5 hour, was cooled to 120 ℃, during insulation 5-8, and cool to room temperature then;
(6) the powder metallurgy central gear behind the steam treatment carburizing nitrogen nitrogen carries out steam treatment, and vapor (steam) temperature 600-700 ℃, processing time 3-4 hour, be incubated 2-3 hour down at 200-250 ℃ then, naturally cool to room temperature at last, get final product.
The particle diameter of various metal dusts is in 300-400 order scope in the raw material.
Modification trees ashes powder is prepared from by the following method: with the trees ashes earlier with 25% salt acid soak 30-40 minute, neutralize with alkali lye then, use the deionized water rinsing impurity elimination again, mix again and with small amount of ethanol dissolved dilution NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent, the consumption of NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent is the 1-2% of trees ashes weight, adds in the high speed mixer discharging behind the stirring 15-20min with Sprayable, oven dry grinds to form the 300-350 powder, obtains modification trees ashes powder.
The Performance Detection of the powder metallurgical gear that present embodiment makes is as follows:
Tensile strength sigma b (MPa): 790
Yield strength σ s (MPa): 485
Percentage elongation δ 5 (%): 16.6
Contraction percentage of area ψ (%): 40.

Claims (4)

1. powder metallurgy central gear, it is characterized in that, powder stock compacting by following weight portion forms: iron powder 100, copper powder 1.8-2.0, molybdenum powder 0.5-0.8, vanadium powder 0.1-0.3, nickel powder 0.8-1.2, graphite powder 0.5-0.8, modification trees ashes 0.1-0.3, rare earth ferrosilicon alloy 0.2-0.6, Cr powder 0.1-0.3, ethylene bis stearic acid amide 0.1-0.2, WS2 0.1-0.3, yttrium powder 0.2-0.4, boron nitride 0.2-0.4, molybdenum sulfide 0.4-0.5, described rare earth ferrosilicon alloy the trade mark be FeSiRE23, granularity 5-20 mm.
2. the preparation method of powder metallurgy central gear as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that, may further comprise the steps:
(1) at first the base-material iron powder of 40-50% is packed in the high-speed mixer, to the silane resin acceptor kh-550 that wherein adds base-material iron powder quality 0.3-0.6%, high-speed stirred 5-6 minute, then with copper powder, molybdenum powder, vanadium powder, nickel powder, graphite powder, modification trees ashes powder, the Cr powder, ethylene bis stearic acid amide and remaining iron powder add wherein successively, the heating of high-speed mixing limit, limit, when temperature is raised to 125-130 ℃, all the other components in will filling a prescription all add wherein, continue again to mix 8-10 minute, allow its cooling then, obtain the uniform iron base powder mixture of density end;
(2) pack in the mould in the iron base powder mixture end that step (1) is obtained, press forming under 550-580Mpa pressure;
(3) green compact of press forming are placed in the sintering furnace, in the protective atmosphere of hydrogen and nitrogen mixture body, it is 1000~1050 ℃ in temperature at first, sintering time is 10-20 minute, then with 10-20 ℃/minute speed rising temperature to 1150-1180 ℃, under this temperature, reburn and tied 10-15 minute, room temperature is down in cooling then;
(4) gear of heat treatment thermal sintering carries out earlier normalized treatment in normalizing furnace, and 805~815 ℃ are incubated about 1-2 hour down; Carry out Quenching Treatment after the taking-up again, send into and be heated to 650-700 ℃ ℃ in the heat-treatment furnace, and be incubated 2-3 hour; Then, cool off with quenching oil, the gear after quenching is sent into to be heated in the tempering furnace carry out the high tempering processing under 500-520 ℃, be incubated 1.5-2 hour, carry out lonneal at 155~165 ℃ again, be incubated 2-3 hour;
(5) the powder metallurgy central gear after the carburizing lonneal is sent in the carburizer, is heated to 875-925 ℃ in the carburizing medium of gaseous state, and insulation was handled 3-5 hour, was cooled to 120 ℃, during insulation 5-8, and cool to room temperature then;
(6) the powder metallurgy central gear after the steam treatment carburizing is sent in the steam oven, carries out steam treatment, and vapor (steam) temperature 600-700 ℃, be incubated processing time 3-4 hour, be incubated 2-3 hour down at 200-250 ℃ then, naturally cool to room temperature at last, get final product.
3. powder metallurgy central gear according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the particle diameter of various metal dusts is in 200-400 order scope in the described raw material.
4. the preparation method of powder metallurgy central gear according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described modification trees ashes powder is prepared from by the following method: with the trees ashes earlier with 25% salt acid soak 30-40 minute, neutralize with alkali lye then, use the deionized water rinsing impurity elimination again, mix again and with small amount of ethanol dissolved dilution NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent, the consumption of NDZ-311 titanate coupling agent is the 1-2% of trees ashes weight, add in the high speed mixer with Sprayable, discharging behind the stirring 15-20min, oven dry grinds to form 300-400 order powder, obtains modification trees ashes powder.
CN201310107612.6A 2013-03-30 2013-03-30 A kind of powder metallurgy central gear and preparation method thereof Active CN103231052B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104550914A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Iron-based self-lubrication powder metallurgy material for valve and preparation method of material
CN105772704A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 苏州莱特复合材料有限公司 Ferrotungsten-based powder metallurgy material and preparation method thereof
CN106001548A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-12 黄宇 Powder metallurgical gear
CN106041095A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-26 黄宇 Novel powder metallurgical gear
CN108607997A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-10-02 洪新阳 A kind of processing technology of gear
CN109128189A (en) * 2018-07-16 2019-01-04 扬州海昌新材股份有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method adjusting the speed three-jaw ring gear
CN110614380A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-27 合肥工业大学 Method for preparing high-uniformity molybdenum-tungsten-containing iron-based powder metallurgy part

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JPS55134108A (en) * 1979-04-06 1980-10-18 Toyota Motor Corp Production of gear by powder metallurgy
JPH11141461A (en) * 1997-11-04 1999-05-25 Mitsubishi Materials Corp Manufacture of rotor for internal gear pump
CN1644280A (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-07-27 杰富意钢铁株式会社 Iron based powder for powder metallurgy
CN1704189A (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-07 上海汽车股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of high-strength sintered umbrella gear
CN102179519A (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-09-14 宁波甬台粉末冶金有限公司 Powder metallurgy transmission gear and manufacturing method thereof
CN102982946A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-20 天长市昭田磁电科技有限公司 La2O3-containing ferromagnetic core manufacturing method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS55134108A (en) * 1979-04-06 1980-10-18 Toyota Motor Corp Production of gear by powder metallurgy
JPH11141461A (en) * 1997-11-04 1999-05-25 Mitsubishi Materials Corp Manufacture of rotor for internal gear pump
CN1644280A (en) * 2004-01-23 2005-07-27 杰富意钢铁株式会社 Iron based powder for powder metallurgy
CN1704189A (en) * 2004-06-04 2005-12-07 上海汽车股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of high-strength sintered umbrella gear
CN102179519A (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-09-14 宁波甬台粉末冶金有限公司 Powder metallurgy transmission gear and manufacturing method thereof
CN102982946A (en) * 2012-11-23 2013-03-20 天长市昭田磁电科技有限公司 La2O3-containing ferromagnetic core manufacturing method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104550914A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-04-29 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Iron-based self-lubrication powder metallurgy material for valve and preparation method of material
CN105772704A (en) * 2016-03-16 2016-07-20 苏州莱特复合材料有限公司 Ferrotungsten-based powder metallurgy material and preparation method thereof
CN106001548A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-12 黄宇 Powder metallurgical gear
CN106041095A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-10-26 黄宇 Novel powder metallurgical gear
CN108607997A (en) * 2018-05-14 2018-10-02 洪新阳 A kind of processing technology of gear
CN109128189A (en) * 2018-07-16 2019-01-04 扬州海昌新材股份有限公司 A kind of manufacturing method adjusting the speed three-jaw ring gear
CN110614380A (en) * 2019-10-09 2019-12-27 合肥工业大学 Method for preparing high-uniformity molybdenum-tungsten-containing iron-based powder metallurgy part
CN110614380B (en) * 2019-10-09 2021-12-14 合肥工业大学 Method for preparing high-uniformity molybdenum-tungsten-containing iron-based powder metallurgy part

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Address after: The new town 241000 Anhui city of Wuhu province Fanchang County of Curry Village

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