CN103223889B - Multifunctional vehicle - Google Patents

Multifunctional vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103223889B
CN103223889B CN201210426603.9A CN201210426603A CN103223889B CN 103223889 B CN103223889 B CN 103223889B CN 201210426603 A CN201210426603 A CN 201210426603A CN 103223889 B CN103223889 B CN 103223889B
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China
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vehicle
frame
wheel
fire
vehicle frame
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CN201210426603.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103223889A (en
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陈建生
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陈建生
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Publication of CN103223889B publication Critical patent/CN103223889B/en

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Abstract

The invention is suitable for the field of motor vehicles, and provides a multifunctional vehicle. The multifunctional vehicle comprises a vehicle frame, a steering system, a braking system, a transmission system, a suspension bracket, a power system, an electrical system, vehicle body accessories, vehicle-mounted equipment, front wheels and rear wheels, wherein the vehicle frame is an assembling base of the whole multifunctional vehicle and consists of a front vehicle frame and a rear vehicle frame; the front vehicle frame is formed by bending processing and welding seamless steel pipes and sectional materials, and comprises a horizontally arranged chassis and bearing frames which are arranged on the chassis; the rear vehicle frame is used for supporting and mounting the vehicle-mounted equipment, and comprises a concave frame; the concave frame is arranged by extending horizontally backwards along the rear ends of the bearing frames on two sides of the front vehicle frame, is provided with an opening at one side and a rear lower fixing bracket for placing the vehicle-mounted equipment at the lower part, can form an object storage frame for placing the vehicle-mounted equipment, and is supported by at least two oblique support rods; and a lower back fixing frame for placing the vehicle-mounted equipment is arranged below the concave frame. The multifunctional vehicle has all the technical characteristics of a modern fire rescue vehicle, is simple in structure, complete in function, particularly reasonable in distribution, and has multiple comprehensive functions such as emergency maneuverability, rescue and the like.

Description

MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle)

Technical field

The present invention relates to fire-fighting and public safety and emergency rescue technology field, be particularly related to a kind of inevitable demand producing according to city continuation development, maintain higher fire-fighting level, take rescue as main purpose, there is small body type, the MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) of hightech added value.

Background technology

China is the country that frequent natural calamity occurs, and rescue and relief work, emergency management and rescue task are very heavy.And along with China's rapid economic development, urban construction and Development of China's Urbanization are accelerated, population high concentration, wealth Rapid Accumulation, the damage effect that various burst fire-disasters may cause is more extensive, and property damage is huger, more serious to the threat of its socio-economic development and public safety formation.The particularly serious disasteies such as the Wenchuan earthquake that occurs recent years, Yushu earthquake, Zhouqu County's mountain torrents mud-rock flow, cold wave ice and snow, Rainstorm Flood, have brought huge loss to the country and people masses.

The feature one of disaster is sudden, the 2nd, there is no foresight or be difficult to prediction, therefore we must formulate at ordinary times corresponding contingency plan, to strengthen the monitoring to this type of event, except avoiding event generation, also need disaster to implement smoothly emergency management and rescue, loss is reduced to minimum degree.Current, country reply disaster, guarantee that public safety and the work of maintaining social stability mentioned the height of fundamental state policy, people more and more pay attention to safety, existence and health, along with public safety emergency management work deepens continuously, fire-fighting and public safety and emergency rescue technology and the effect being equipped in emergency management and rescue process show especially gradually.In recent years, external fire extinguishing tanker, the development of emergency management and rescue car were very fast, and each manufacturer, employing new technology, in new material, new process, improves constantly transaction capabilities and the operating characteristic of product, to improve the competitive power of product.The developed countries such as the U.S., Japan, European Union, its fire-fighting, emergency rescue technology and equipment technology advanced person, A wide selection of colours and designs, perfect in shape and function, dependable performance, outfit Occupation coefficient is high, the technology such as widespread use geographic information system GIS, global position system GPS, satellite remote sensing RS, no spark leak stopping, life monitoring instrument.In China, in the last few years, along with the attention of country to safety in production, the particularly attention to emergency management and rescue work, fire-fighting and public safety and emergency rescue technology and equipment have obtained developing rapidly, but in general, also there is larger gap with the fire-fighting of developed country and public safety and emergency management and rescue equipment from aspects such as kind, function, technical merit, quality, reliability.Fire extinguishing tanker with advanced country in the world, the development of emergency management and rescue car is compared, the fire extinguishing tanker of China, emergency management and rescue car is larger at product quantity and aspect of performance gap, domestic fire-fighting, it is few that emergency management and rescue equipment presents equipment kind, function is poor, technical merit is low, unstable properties, similar products at home and abroad price variance is larger, outfit rate is low, aging, extended active duty problem is serious, to modern fire-fighting, emergency management and rescue equipment understanding is not enough, medium-sized, heavy goods vehicles proportion is larger, Light-duty Vehicle negligible amounts, the fire extinguishing tanker proportion of simple function is larger, the features such as multi-functional fire extinguishing tanker is less.In order to meet the demand of following fire-fighting and public safety and emergency management and rescue, fire extinguishing tanker, emergency management and rescue car that exploitation adapts to China's national situation are very necessary.From international overall situation, fire-fighting, emergency management and rescue equipment will be towards variation, precise treatment, automation, high-effect future development.Be subject to the restriction of economic base and technical merit, the level that is difficult to catch up with the developed countries within short-term is equipped in China's fire-fighting, emergency management and rescue, from present case, the fire-fighting of China, the overall development trend of emergency management and rescue equipment are to increase equipment kind, strengthening equipment function, improves equipment performance stability.For the increase of product category, the strengthening of function, the raising of performance, the pioneering technology of Developed Countries energetically, fully absorbs external proven technique achievement, thereby shortens time of product development.Meanwhile, strengthen input in science and technology, make great efforts to break through core technology, produce that function is many, the fire-fighting of stable performance, emergency management and rescue equip.

Urban population increases, and lives and can utilize space to become gradually short of money, and the larger heavy type of more and more crowded, present fire extinguishing tanker, particularly volume that city becomes and medium-sized fire-fighting car are advanced and launched and also become more and more difficult in narrow and small gradually city.Notice, each second after fire or geologic hazard occur is all valuable, do not allow waste.Under the prerequisite not subtracting in fire extinguishing, the efficiency of speedily carrying out rescue work, wheelbase is short, small volume, travels flexibly, can after receiving the report for police service, arrive fast fire or geologic hazard scene, can operation in less space, and rescue the very first time besieging personnel in the scene of a fire or geologic hazard scene that launch, control as much as possible the intensity of a fire with self-contained powerful ejecting extinguishing equipment, to delay the time of fire spreading simultaneously, race against time for the arrival of heavy and medium-sized fire-fighting car, finally complete and rescue people's fire extinguishing.Therefore, continue the inevitable demand that produces of development according to city, maintain higher fire-fighting level, take rescue as main purpose, there is small body type, the MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) of hightech added value, will become the focus in use fire extinguishing tanker market, future city.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of properties to reach advanced international level, there are all technical characterstics of modern fire-fighting and rescue car, simple in structure, multiple functional, rationally distributed, there is emergency mobile and rapid deployment, fire extinguishing, emergency management and rescue, communication, illumination, orcible entry, transportation, environmental protection, save oneself or he such as rescues at the Multifunction car of multinomial comprehensive function.

For achieving the above object, technical scheme proposed by the invention is:

A kind of MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), comprise vehicle frame, steering swivel system, brake system, driving system, suspension, power system, electric system, body accessory, vehicle-mounted equipment and front, rear wheel, described vehicle frame is the assembly foundation of whole MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), be configured to by front vehicle frame and rear car, wherein said front vehicle frame adopts solid drawn pipe, section bar bending process and being welded, comprise horizontally disposed underframe and be arranged at the bearing support on this underframe, described underframe is located on wheel, it comprises by two bottom girders that arrange along working direction and the first bottom cross beam and the second bottom cross beam that are connected with described two bottom girder two ends respectively, two bottom girders and the first bottom cross beam and the second bottom cross beam enclose the peripheral structure of whole underframe, in the space of this peripheral structure, be also provided with at least another bottom cross beam parallel with described the first bottom cross beam, described bearing support comprises the two vertical side bearing framves that arrange and two horizontally sets, be positioned at the first bearing support cross bar, the second bearing support cross bar that two-side supporting frame top and two ends are connected with two-side supporting frame respectively, the top of described the first bearing support cross bar, the second bearing support cross bar and two-side supporting frame forms the topmast of whole vehicle frame and holds, on described two-side supporting frame, also extend and be provided with front frame forward, described front frame comprises the front lower bracket that front upper bracket that one end is connected with two-side supporting frame and one end are connected with described underframe, described front lower bracket comprises the many pipe links that adopt solid drawn pipe bending to be level and longitudinally to arrange, described pipe link rear open end is connected with described underframe, upper end open end is connected with described front upper bracket, and be connected with front upper bracket by the many long montants that longitudinally arrange, simultaneously between described long montant and pipe link, be obliquely provided with multiple oblique stirrups,

Described rear vehicle frame is for supporting and the installation of each vehicle-mounted equipment, comprises that along the two-side supporting frame rear end of described front vehicle frame horizontal-extending is backward provided with the matrix framework of openings at one side; In the area of space enclosing in described matrix framework, along parallel two back stays that are provided with of car body service direction, and in two back stays and matrix framework along on car body service direction, be arranged with at least two for supporting the oblique fulcrum bar of described matrix framework;

In described matrix framework along on the longitudinal rod member of two on car body service direction, also be provided with the U-shaped side stand that two length are different, the long end of described two U-shaped side stand open ends is connected with two-side supporting frame in described front vehicle frame, short end connects described oblique fulcrum bar, and described matrix framework is placed in the midway location of U-shaped side stand described in two, make the upper part of U-shaped side stand described in two and matrix framework enclose the rack that is positioned at rear vehicle frame top, can places vehicle-mounted equipment; In described matrix base of frame, be also provided with downward vertically by two L-shaped rami posterior inferiors of solid drawn pipe bending and hold bar, two back stay medium positions are to having montant twice, and two rami posterior inferiors hold the bar other end and are connected with twice montants; Hold between bar in described two rami posterior inferiors, going back level connection joint has a rear lower fixed frame.

Particularly, described side bearing frame comprises that two be arranged in parallel and are monolateral trapezoidal side bearing frame upper rack posts and side bearing frame lower fulcrum bar by solid drawn pipe Integral bending, between two poles, also level is provided with a cross support arm, is connected in the vertical direction of two poles, forms the side bearing of whole vehicle frame.

Particularly, described front upper bracket comprises that entirety is the strut member of the trapezoidal and downward-sloping setting of bottom end opening, and described strut member forms with sheet steel bending, or adopts shaped steel, its rear end is connected with two-side supporting frame respectively, is also provided with multiple longitudinal stirrups and transverse reinforced bar in its space enclosing .

Particularly, the bottom that described in two, rami posterior inferior holds bar is provided with the two bottom support bars L-shaped by solid drawn pipe bending downward vertically, and this two bottom supports bar is connected with the first bottom cross beam of described front vehicle frame, described in two lower montant bottom be fixed on two described on bottom support bar.

Particularly, described driving system comprises driving engine, power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, described change speed gear box rear end output shaft connects rear propeller shaft assy., and connects rear primary gearbox by described rear propeller shaft assy., described rear primary gearbox two ends respectively by trailing wheel semiaxis by transmission of power to trailing wheel.

Particularly, described driving system comprises driving engine, power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, described change speed gear box front end output shaft connects front propeller shaft assy., and main reduction gear before connecting by described front propeller shaft assy., and described front main reduction gear two ends are given two front-wheels by front-wheel semiaxis by transmission of power respectively; Described change speed gear box rear end output shaft connects rear propeller shaft assy., and connects rear primary gearbox by described rear propeller shaft assy., described rear primary gearbox two ends respectively by trailing wheel semiaxis by transmission of power to trailing wheel.

Further, described driving system is also provided with diff lock, and described diff lock comprises diff lock handle, is connected with rear primary gearbox by drag-line.

Particularly, described suspension is four-wheel independent suspension mechanism, be connected with described front vehicle frame elasticity, it comprises front wheel suspension device and rear wheel suspension device, the bracket of shock absorber that described front wheel suspension device comprises in pairs and vertically sets up, horizontally set and be on forked front-wheel connection pipe under connection pipe and front-wheel, left steering joint and right steering joint, on described bracket of shock absorber, there is damping spring, its upper end is connected with described front vehicle frame, lower end is connected with connection pipe on front-wheel, two front-wheels save with described left steering respectively, right steering joint is connected, a described left side, the track arm of right steering joint is connected with described steering swivel system, described rear wheel suspension device comprises in pairs and the rear shock absorber assembly of vertically setting up, left back trailing arm and the right back trailing arm of horizontally set, on described rear shock absorber assembly, there is damping spring, its upper end is connected with front vehicle frame, lower end is connected with left back trailing arm, right back trailing arm respectively, described left back trailing arm, right back trailing arm are arranged in front vehicle frame by bearing, and are used for installing trailing wheel semiaxis and rear braking subpump.

Particularly, described steering swivel system comprises sequentially connected steering handwheel, universal-joint, steering shaft, steering wheel and is arranged at left steering intermediate rod and the right steering intermediate rod at described steering wheel two ends, steering wheel is fixed in front vehicle frame by steering wheel fixed code, and the outer end of described left steering intermediate rod, right steering intermediate rod is hinged and connect together with the left and right track arm of the upper left steering swivel of described front wheel suspension device, right steering joint with tie-rod ball end.

Particularly, described brake system comprises service braking device and holding brake device; Described service braking device is four-wheel disc type brake, comprises brake pedal, master brake cylinder, brake pipe, front brake cylinder, front brake disc, rear braking subpump and rear brake disc, and described master brake cylinder, brake pipe are fixed in described front vehicle frame; Left steering joint and right steering that described front brake cylinder is arranged in described front wheel suspension device save above, and described front brake disc is arranged on the front wheel hub in described driving system; Described rear braking subpump is arranged on the left back trailing arm in described rear wheel suspension device, right back trailing arm, and described rear brake disc is arranged on the rear-wheel hub in described driving system; Described holding brake device comprise handgrip drag-line that parking handgrip, one end be connected with described parking handgrip, with rear braking subpump and rear brake disc that the described handgrip drag-line other end is connected, described parking handgrip is fixed in front vehicle frame.

Particularly, described electric system mainly comprises control panel, Engine ECU controller, Warning light, loudspeaker, various instrument and switch are set on described control panel, are also provided with and can carry out data contact and and the GPS port of each signal communication cooperating between vehicle.

Particularly, adjustable seat before and after described body accessory comprises, be arranged on safety strap between described front vehicle frame and seat, be arranged on Windshield before operator's compartment, be arranged on described front vehicle frame front end spare tyre, be arranged on the back mirror in described front vehicle frame, the front bumper that is fixed on described front vehicle frame front end and towing capstan, be arranged on the rack on described rear vehicle frame, described towing capstan is arranged on the front portion of front vehicle frame, and is fixed on the underframe of described front vehicle frame.

Particularly, described vehicle-mounted equipment comprises stretcher, medical first-aid case, chain saw, heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire extinguisher, fire pump, soft suction hose, water tank, fire hose, safety rope, fire-fighting axe, fire fighting hammer, fire-fighting spanner, fire-fighting crowbar and fire-fighting shovel, described water tank is installed in below interior two seats of operator's compartment, described stretcher is placed in midway location or the side above described rack, and described medical first-aid case and stretcher spectacle case arrange near described stretcher side; Described chain saw and fire extinguisher are placed on described rack, and are positioned at the side near operator's compartment; Described heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire pump, soft suction hose, fire hose, safety rope are arranged in the space on the underframe of described front vehicle frame, under described rack, described fire pump is fixed on underframe, described soft suction hose, fire hose are placed in by described fire pump, and near water tank; Described heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire-fighting axe, fire fighting hammer, fire-fighting spanner, fire-fighting crowbar and fire-fighting shovel are distributed in the box body of the lateral opening that side arranges under rack, adopt active grab to fix.

The present invention, compared with domestic and international existing product, technology, all has more significant technique effect at aspects such as functional, safety, advance, novelties:

1. the present invention is can a car multiplex, has emergency mobile and rapid deployment, fire extinguishing, emergency management and rescue, communication, illumination, orcible entry, transportation, environmental protection, saves oneself or he such as rescues at the multinomial comprehensive function, has improved the degree of utilization of vehicle.

2. the present invention is safe and reliable, and layout optimization has been protected driver and crew's driving safety effectively, has improved the operational safety performance of vehicle.

3. the technology of the present invention advanced person, by practical vehicle-mountedization of up-to-date technology, high in technological content, make vehicle performance keep higher technical merit.

4. modern design of the present invention, uniqueness, have originality, and plasticity is extremely strong, has typical mobility strong, multiduty feature.

5. fire-fighting of the present invention, emergency management and rescue equipment or equipment all adopt removable type of attachment, not only dismounting, use, easy to maintenance, and be convenient to following new equipment, the newly expansion of function.

6. the present invention has good operation extensibility, and all vehicle-mounted equipments can move to easily car and work outward, and all rescue tool casees all can directly take out, outwards launch from car.

7. the present invention forms a whole the autonomous system connecting each other in several functions that put rules into practice, use, be arranged on around rack, form support Unit independently separately, the task of its visual fire-fighting, emergency management and rescue, the difference of scale, carry out as required combination in any, field conduct is disposed fast and effectively.

The present invention is compared with domestic and international existing product, technology, not only novel in design, unique, moulding is simply attractive in appearance, function admirable, safe and reliable, drive comfortable, sturdy and durable, and can not increase under the situation of car body size, at less space rational deployment and the every equipment that can participate in rescue of installation, effectively guarantee the embodiment of the multiplex comprehensive function of a car, it has stronger motor-driven off-road capability and hill climbing ability, adaptive capacity, riding comfort and the road-holding property of vehicle road pavement significantly improve, and are also convenient to manufacture simultaneously, and installation and maintenance are convenient.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is embodiment of the present invention structural front view;

Fig. 2 is embodiment of the present invention structure birds-eye view;

Fig. 3 is embodiment of the present invention structure left view;

Fig. 4 is embodiment of the present invention structure right elevation;

Fig. 5 is body frame structure for automotive schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the transmission schematic diagram of the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is embodiment of the present invention drive system structure schematic diagram;

Fig. 8 is embodiment of the present invention power system structural representation;

Fig. 9 is embodiment of the present invention steering swivel system structural representation;

Figure 10 is embodiment of the present invention brake system structure schematic diagram;

Figure 11 is embodiment of the present invention control panel structural representation;

Figure 12 is embodiment of the present invention front wheel suspension apparatus structure schematic diagram;

Figure 13 is embodiment of the present invention rear wheel suspension device structural representation;

Figure 14 is the vehicle carried device equipment structure schematic diagram one of the embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 15 is the vehicle carried device equipment structure schematic diagram two of the embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 16 is the vehicle carried device equipment structure schematic diagram three of the embodiment of the present invention;

Figure 17 is heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation structural representation of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein, only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.

As Figure 1-Figure 4, the present invention is mainly made up of vehicle frame 10, steering swivel system 20, brake system 30, driving system 40, suspension 50, power system 60, electric system 70, body accessory 80, vehicle-mounted equipment 90, wheel 100 etc.

As shown in Figure 5, vehicle frame 10 of the present invention is assembly foundations of whole MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), comprise front vehicle frame 11 and rear vehicle frame 12, be used for supporting, connect vehicle each assembly and as body accessory 80, the attachment point of vehicle-mounted equipment 90, make each assembly and body accessory 80, vehicle-mounted equipment 90 keeps relatively correct position, and guarantee each several part rational deployment, load inside and outside easy to use and balanced bearing, simultaneously because the present invention often can travel quite rugged in road conditions, in the environment of hardships and dangers, thereby the design of vehicle frame also must assurance be subject to impulsive force under steam, when rolling, can guarantee whole vehicle frame 10 still can remain on a basic shape and be unlikely to fall apart, avoid causing driver and crew are further injured.

Please, again referring to Fig. 5, described front vehicle frame 11 adopts solid drawn pipe, section bar bending process and is welded, and comprises horizontally disposed underframe 111 and is arranged at the bearing support 112 on this underframe 111.

Described underframe 111 is located on wheel 100, it comprises by two bottom girders 1111 that arrange along working direction and the first bottom cross beam 1112 and the second bottom cross beam 1113 that are connected with described two bottom girder 1111 two ends respectively, wherein the second bottom cross beam 1113 is trapezium structure, two bottom girders 1111 and the first bottom cross beam 1112 and the second bottom cross beam 1113 enclose the peripheral structure of whole underframe 111, in the space of this peripheral structure, be also provided with as required three bottom cross beam 1114, four bottom cross beam 1115 parallel with described the first bottom cross beam 1112, can be used as the supporting of whole operator's compartment.

Described bearing support 112 comprises the two vertical side bearing framves 1121 that arrange and two horizontally sets, be positioned at the first bearing support cross bar 1122, the second bearing support cross bar 1123 that two-side supporting frame 1121 tops and two ends are connected with two-side supporting frame 1121 respectively, wherein side bearing frame 1121 comprises that two be arranged in parallel and are monolateral trapezoidal side bearing frame upper rack posts 11211 and side bearing frame lower fulcrum bar 11212 by solid drawn pipe Integral bending, between two poles, also level is provided with a cross support arm 11213, be connected in the vertical direction of two poles, form the side bearing of whole vehicle frame 10; The top of described the first bearing support cross bar 1122, the second bearing support cross bar 1123 and two-side supporting frame 1121 forms the topmast of whole vehicle frame 10 and holds.Because two-side supporting frame 1121 is formed by solid drawn pipe Integral bending; so in the time that car body is being subject to external impacts or upset or rollover occur under rugged environment; only can produce some distortion; and can not fall apart or rupture at its point of connection, thereby effectively protect driver and crew's life security.Between described the first bearing support cross bar 1122, the second bearing support cross bar 1123, also be provided with a vertical strutbeam 1124, be located between described two-side supporting frame 1121 and parallel with this two-side supporting frame 1121, further to reinforce the intensity of integrated connection between two-side supporting frame 1121.

In the structure design of front vehicle frame 11 of the present invention, in two-side supporting frame 1121 rear end vertical direction, and in the plane being connected with rear vehicle frame 12, also laterally be provided with at least one three bearing support cross bar 1125 parallel with the second bearing support cross bar 1123, be convenient to and being connected of rear vehicle frame 12, also vertically be provided with at least one bearing support montant 1126 vertical and arranged in a crossed manner with the 3rd bearing support cross bar 1125, simultaneously, before two-side supporting frame 1121, in the vertical direction of rear end, be respectively equipped with two front fixed link 1128 and rear fixed links 1127, two front fixed links 1128, rear fixed link 1127 and two cross support arms 11213 enclose rear formation one horizontal surface, in order to the fixed pan as cab seat and certain vehicle-mounted equipment.

Further, on described two-side supporting frame 1121, also extend and be provided with front frame 113 forward, described front frame 113 comprises the front lower bracket 1132 that front upper bracket 1131 that one end is connected with two-side supporting frame 1121 and one end are connected with described underframe 111, described front upper bracket 1131 comprises that two entirety are the strut member 11314 of the trapezoidal and downward-sloping setting of bottom end opening, strut member 11314 can be by forming with sheet steel bending, also can adopt shaped steel, rear end is connected with two-side supporting frame 1121 respectively, in its space enclosing, be also provided with multiple longitudinal stirrups 11311 and the first transverse reinforced bar 11312, the second transverse reinforced bar 11313, both upper bracket 1131 before can solidating, owing to thering is a plane, be convenient to be again installed on the location of each parts before car body and fixing, described front lower bracket 1132 comprises the many pipe links 11321 that adopt solid drawn pipe bending to be level and longitudinally to arrange, pipe link 11321 rear open end are connected with described underframe 111, upper end open end is connected with the second transverse reinforced bar 11313 on described front upper bracket 1131, and be connected with the first transverse reinforced bar 11312 on front upper bracket 1131 by the many long montants 11322 that longitudinally arrange, simultaneously between described long montant 11322 and pipe link 11321, obliquely be provided with multiple oblique stirrups 11323, be convenient to be arranged on the fixing and supporting of the each parts on front frame 113.

Please again referring to Fig. 5, rear vehicle frame 12 of the present invention is mainly used in supporting and the installation of each vehicle-mounted equipment 90 grades, comprise that along two-side supporting frame 1121 rear ends of described front vehicle frame 11 horizontal-extending is backward provided with the matrix framework 1202 of openings at one side, the two ends of described matrix framework 1202 openings connect respectively two-side supporting frame 1121 in front vehicle frame 11; In the area of space enclosing in described matrix framework 1202, along parallel two back stays 1204 that are provided with of car body service direction, and in two back stays 1204 and matrix framework 1202 along on car body service direction, be arranged with 4 oblique fulcrum bars 1210, these oblique fulcrum bar 1210 one end are supported on the first bottom cross beam 1112 of front vehicle frame 11, and the other end is fixed on two back stays 1204 and matrix framework 1202; Using the supporting as horizontally disposed matrix framework 1202.

In matrix framework 1202 along on the longitudinal rod member of two on car body service direction, also be provided with the U-shaped side stand 1201 that two length are different, the long end of described two U-shaped side stand 1201 open ends is connected with two-side supporting frame 1121 in front vehicle frame 11, short end connects oblique fulcrum bar 1210, and matrix framework 1202 is placed in the midway location of two U-shaped side stands 1201.Like this, the upper part of two U-shaped side stands 1201 and matrix framework 1202 just enclose the rack 88 that is positioned at rear vehicle frame 12 tops, can places vehicle-mounted equipment 90; Two back stays 1204 that arrange in the area of space that described matrix framework 1202 encloses, can be used as the supporting of rack 88 bottoms, and are convenient to be fixedly installed in the vehicle-mounted equipment 90 of rack 88.The lower part of two U-shaped side stands 1201 and oblique fulcrum bar 1210 join, and can further support the weight of the vehicle-mounted equipment 90 of rack 88.

In described matrix framework 1202 bottoms, i.e. intersection point place between two back stays 1204 and matrix framework 1202, also be provided with downward vertically by two L-shaped rami posterior inferiors of solid drawn pipe bending and hold bar 1203, two back stay 1204 medium positions hold bar 1203 other ends and are connected with twice montants 1207 to having twice montant 1207, two rami posterior inferiors.Further, hold between bar 1203 in two rami posterior inferiors, going back level connection joint has a rear lower fixed frame 1205, is convenient to the fixing and installation of the vehicle-mounted equipment 90 that is placed on rack 88 belows.Simultaneously, the bottom of holding bar 1203 in two rami posterior inferiors is provided with the two bottom support bars 1206 L-shaped by solid drawn pipe bending downward vertically, these two bottom supports bar, 1206 other ends are connected with the first bottom cross beam 1112 of front vehicle frame 11, twice montant 1207 bottoms are fixed on two bottom support bars 1206, are also horizontally connected with rear bottom cross beam 1208 between two bottom support bars 1206.

Further, between two back stays 1204 and matrix framework 1202, be also provided with transverse link 1211, to improve the loading strength of rack 88; In the first bottom cross beam 1112 two ends, be also provided with two hooks 1209, by hang hauling rope on hook 1209, also the present invention can be used as tractor truck.

Like this, vehicle frame 11 and rear vehicle frame 12 use solid drawn pipes before vehicle frame 10 of the present invention, section bar processing is welded, it is according to the assembly of car body own, parts and pipeline and the each parts of vehicle-mounted equipment 90 in use take fast need and rational deployment, both guaranteed that whole car body moulding was simply attractive in appearance, and can guarantee to be fixed on the assembly on vehicle frame, parts and pipeline can all be installed each other, after fixing, do not move interference, and there is enough intensity and impact resistance, even if vehicle is in the time running into extraordinary circumstances and meet accident roll-over accident, still can protect driver and crew's safety.

As shown in Figure 6, driving system 40 of the present invention is given and is driven wheel for transmission of power that driving engine 61 is exported, makes road surface to driving tractive force of wheel effect, promotes Vehicle Driving Cycle.Its drive path is: in the time that driving condition is four wheel drive, after start the engine 61, the power that driving engine 61 is exported passes to change speed gear box 401 by power-transfer clutch 62, the power that change speed gear box 401 is exported can be adopted in two ways: the first makes change speed gear box 401 front ends through front propeller shaft assy. 402, front main reduction gear 403, front-wheel semiaxis 404, pass to front-wheel 101, rear end is through rear propeller shaft assy. 406, rear primary gearbox 407, trailing wheel semiaxis 408, pass to trailing wheel 102, adopt four drive wheel modes; It two is that power that driving engine 61 is exported is successively through power-transfer clutch 62, change speed gear box 401, rear propeller shaft assy. 406, rear primary gearbox 407, trailing wheel semiaxis 408, finally pass to trailing wheel 102, adopt two drive wheel modes (back-wheel drive), thereby realize the various motions such as the Standing start, climbing, turning, acceleration, reversing of vehicle.The free switching of four wheel drive and two-wheel drive can, by switching push button is set on car, be controlled by pilot control.

Above-mentioned driving system 40 adopts shaft drive, and driving efficiency is high, and when work, noise is low, and when four wheel drive, tractive performance is better.

As shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, driving system 40 of the present invention is made up of diff lock 41, change speed gear box 401, front propeller shaft assy. 402, front main reduction gear 403, front-wheel semiaxis 404, front wheel hub unit 405, rear propeller shaft assy. 406, rear primary gearbox 407, trailing wheel semiaxis 408 and rear-wheel hub unit 409 etc.Change speed gear box 401 is Manual transmission of 1 reverse gear of 5 D Drives of mating with driving engine 61.On front main reduction gear 403, carry electronically controlled two 4 wheel driven switching mechanisms 4031, control freely switching of four wheel drive and two-wheel drive by two 4 wheel driven switching push buttons 4032.Two 4 wheel driven switching push buttons 4032 are fixed on gear shifting handle side, are convenient to driver's operation.Front wheel hub unit 405 is for installing front brake disc 316, front-wheel 101, and rear-wheel hub unit 409 is for installing rear brake disc 320, trailing wheel 102.

When switching push button 4032 is allocated to " 4WD " position by chaufeur, driving condition is now four wheel drive, after start the engine, the power that driving engine 61 is exported is successively after power-transfer clutch 62, change speed gear box 401, on the one hand through front propeller shaft assy. 402, front main reduction gear 403, front-wheel semiaxis 404, pass to front-wheel 101, on the other hand through rear propeller shaft assy. 406, rear primary gearbox 407, trailing wheel semiaxis 408, pass to trailing wheel 102 (four drive wheels); When switching push button 4032 is allocated to " 2WD " position by chaufeur, driving condition is now two-wheel drive, after start the engine 61, the power that driving engine 61 is exported, successively through power-transfer clutch 62, change speed gear box 401, rear propeller shaft assy. 406, rear primary gearbox 407, trailing wheel semiaxis 408, finally passes to trailing wheel 102 (two drive wheels) and realizes the various motions such as the Standing start of vehicle, climbing, turning, acceleration, reversing.

As shown in Figure 7, driving system 40 diff locks 41 of the present invention are mainly made up of diff lock handle 411, drag-line 412 and rear primary gearbox 407.Rear primary gearbox 407 carries diff and manual diff-lock, is connected with diff lock handle 411 by drag-line 412.Operator is cocked diff lock handle 411 upwards, drives the diff-lock on drag-line 412 and rear primary gearbox 407 to move together, allows diff not play differential action, that is to say diff locking; Unclamp diff lock handle 411 downwards, drive the diff-lock reversing sense motion together on drag-line 412 and rear primary gearbox 407, diff plays differential action.

When MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) is in the time that difficult running section travels on as sections such as meadow, sandy beach, muddy, ice and snow, can use diff lock 41, make diff inoperative, can make full use of like this adhesion value on ground, make tractive force reach possible maxim, improve the crossing ability of vehicle.When MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) is in the time rolling difficult running section away from and just entered better section, should unclamp in time diff lock 41, allow diff work, with the adverse consequences of avoiding appearance to bring because of indifferential effect.Like this, guarantee that vehicle can adapt to various complex-terrains, improved the Combination property of vehicle.

As shown in Figure 8, power system 60 of the present invention comprises the oil pipe 68 that driving engine 61, the power-transfer clutch 62 that can connect with driving engine 61, gear box gearshift mechanism 63, throttle cable 64, one end clutch cable 66 connected with power-transfer clutch 62, the pedal of clutch 65 being connected with described clutch cable 66 other ends, Das Gaspedal 67, fuel tank 69 and two ends that one end is connected with throttle cable 64 can be communicated with described driving engine 61 and described fuel tank 69 respectively.Fuel tank 69, driving engine 61 and power-transfer clutch 62 and the change speed gear box 401 matching fit together the rear end of the rear underframe 111 that is all fixed on front vehicle frame 11, gear box gearshift mechanism 63 is fixed on the middle part of the underframe 111 of front vehicle frame 11, and throttle cable 64, pedal of clutch 65, clutch cable 66, Das Gaspedal 67 are all fixed on underframe 111 end before of front vehicle frame 11.The engine power that the present invention adopts is powerful, dependable performance.

As shown in Figure 12 and Figure 13, suspension 50 of the present invention is four-wheel independent suspension mechanism, its effect is flexibly to connect front vehicle frame 11, the mitigation impulsive force that middle vehicle is subject to that travels, guarantee that driver and crew are comfortable, the vibration that decay causes due to elastic element, transmits counter-force and moment thereof, wheel 100 is beated by the relative vehicle frame 10 of certain track, guarantee normally travelling of vehicle.It comprises front wheel suspension device 51 and rear wheel suspension device 52.As shown in figure 12, described front wheel suspension device 51 comprises on the bracket of shock absorber 511, front-wheel of paired setting connection pipe 513, left steering joint 514 and right steering joint 515 under connection pipe 512 and front-wheel, described bracket of shock absorber 511 is vertically set up, on it, there is damping spring, for bearing the anti-force and moment that front-wheel 101 transmits, on described bracket of shock absorber 511, end is connected with front vehicle frame 11, and lower end is connected with connection pipe on front-wheel 512; Connection pipe 513 horizontally sets be forked under connection pipe 512 and front-wheel on described front-wheel, and on front-wheel, connection pipe 512 is short, and under front-wheel, connection pipe 513 is long, both can make front-wheel 101 beat time, wheelspan changed little, reduce wear on tyres, improve its service life, be conducive to again improve the road-holding property of vehicle.Two front-wheels 101 are connected with left steering joint 514, right steering joint 515 respectively, right steering intermediate rod 27 on left steering intermediate rod 24 on track arm and the steering swivel system 20 of left steering joint 514, track arm and the steering swivel system 20 of right steering joint 515 connects together, and left steering joint 514, right steering joint 515 are also for installing front brake cylinder 31.As shown in figure 13, described rear wheel suspension device 52 comprises rear shock absorber assembly 521, the left back trailing arm 522 of horizontally set, the right back trailing arm 524 of paired setting, described rear shock absorber assembly 521 vertically arranges, on it, there is damping spring, for bearing the anti-force and moment that trailing wheel 102 transmits, described rear shock absorber assembly 521 upper ends are connected with rear vehicle frame 12, and lower end is connected with left back trailing arm 522, right back trailing arm 523 respectively.Described left back trailing arm 522, right back trailing arm 524 are arranged on rear vehicle frame 12 by bearing 523, and be used for installing the part such as trailing wheel semiaxis 408, rear braking subpump 319, the relative axial position of trailing wheel 102 is fixed, bear the anti-force and moment that trailing wheel 102 transmits, can be by certain track upper and lower beating, overcome because of left back trailing arm 522, the stressed excessive trailing wheel introversion that causes of right back trailing arm 524, accelerated the bad phenomenon of wear on tyres.

In structure design of the present invention, no matter be bracket of shock absorber 511, or the cylindrical shell stroke in rear shock absorber assembly 521 all can adjust, so just can adjust the ground Clearance on vehicle frame 10 chassis, meet the needs that vehicle adapts to various complex-terrains.In the time of Vehicle Driving Cycle, owing to no matter being front-wheel 101, trailing wheel 102, still between left and right wheel, all do not have axletree to connect, can be separately along certain track self-movement, be independent of each other, therefore greatly improved the adhesive ability of tire to ground, all there is to good comformability on various different road surfaces.

The suspension design of uniqueness of the present invention, adopts the long wishbone-type independent suspension of unequal arm at front-wheel 101, and trailing wheel 102 adopts rear independent suspension by trailing arms, is conducive to improve riding comfort and the road-holding property of vehicle, guarantees that driver and crew are comfortable.

As shown in Figure 9, steering swivel system 20 of the present invention is for changing the travel direction of vehicle, comprise the steering handwheel 21, universal-joint 22, steering shaft 23 and the steering wheel 25 that sequentially connect, steering wheel 25 is fixed in front vehicle frame 11 by steering wheel fixed code 26, two ends connect respectively left steering intermediate rod 24 and right steering intermediate rod 27, and the outer end of left steering intermediate rod 24 and right steering intermediate rod 27 is hinged and connect together with the left and right track arm of the upper left steering swivel 514 of front wheel suspension device 51, right steering joint 515 with tie-rod ball end.Described steering wheel 25 has adopted pinion and-rack steering wheel, and horizontal positioned, simple in structure, compact, and steering handwheel 21 self-aligning abilities are strong, manual dexterity, light, reliable operation, long service life.Chaufeur is by handling steering handwheel 21 rotation direction machines 25, at this moment the steering rack transverse shifting on steering wheel 25, make left steering intermediate rod 24,27 1 pressurizeds of right steering intermediate rod, a tension, and move thereupon, the outer end of each intermediate rod drives left and right track arm and steering swivel to rotate around stub by button-head hinge, thereby makes angle of wheel flutter (front-wheel 101) deflection.Like this, steering swivel system 20 not only can change the travel direction of vehicle, makes it according to the direction running of chaufeur regulation, but also can overcome due to turning to that road surface side makes to exciting force that wheel produces voluntarily, and recovers the original travel direction of vehicle.

As shown in figure 10, brake system 30 of the present invention comprises service braking device 31 and holding brake device 32.Described service braking device 31 uses in Vehicle Driving Cycle process, make car retardation or parking in travelling, it comprises brake pedal 311, master brake cylinder 312, brake pipe 313,314,317,318,321, front brake cylinder 315, front brake disc 316, rear braking subpump 319, rear brake disc 320, is four-wheel disc type brake.Master brake cylinder 312, brake pipe 313,314,317,318,321 are separately fixed on vehicle frame 10; Front brake cylinder 315 is arranged on the left steering joint 514 and right steering joint 515 in front wheel suspension device 51, and front brake disc 316 is arranged on the front wheel hub unit 405 in driving system 40; Rear braking subpump 319 is arranged on left back trailing arm 522 in rear wheel suspension device 52, right back trailing arm 524, and rear brake disc 320 is arranged on the rear-wheel hub unit 409 in driving system 40.Described holding brake device 32 is to use after vehicle parking, the vehicle that makes to stop does not slip car, it comprises parking handgrip 321, handgrip drag-line 322,323, rear braking subpump 319 and rear brake disc 320, parking handgrip 321 is fixed on the middle part of the underframe 111 of front vehicle frame 11, and handgrip drag-line 322,323 two ends connect respectively parking handgrip 321 and rear braking subpump 319.After parking, parking handgrip 321 is upwards cocked, tension handgrip drag-line 322,323, drives rear braking subpump 319 to block rear brake disc 320, the trailing wheel semiaxis 408 in driving system 40 can not be rotated, i.e. practicable braking during standstill; When driving, pull parking handgrip 321 downwards, can remove braking during standstill, easy to operate.

Electric system 70 of the present invention mainly comprises control panel and Engine ECU controller, as shown in figure 11, control panel 71 of the present invention comprises an instrument carrier panel 711 and is contained in total power switch 702 on this instrument carrier panel 711, headlight switch 705, machine oil alarm lamp 714, mileage meter 713, speed gage 715, fuel gage 716, water thermometer 712, GPS port 703, pole changer 704, starting switch 701, thin water smoke switch 788 etc.Electric system 70 also comprises storage battery and various light fixture, as head light, country beam, steering indicating light, taillight, search lamp, warning lamp, loudspeaker etc., wherein control panel 71 and Engine ECU controller, storage battery, head light, country beam, steering indicating light, taillight, search lamp, warning lamp, loudspeaker philosophy are fixed on vehicle frame 10.The present invention is also provided with that light-gathering is strong, irradiation distance is far away, high brightness, energy-efficient vehicle-mounted strong light searchlight, the needs of comprehensive while working at night for scene, long distance illumination.

The communications equipment such as the GPS port, warning lamp, loudspeaker that the present invention installs, command and control, corporate action, the data of can be directly carrying out rescue site by this car get in touch with and and each signal communication cooperating between vehicle, very convenient.

As Figure 1-4, body accessory 80 of the present invention comprise seat 81, be arranged on safety strap 82, Windshield 83 between front vehicle frame 11 and seat 81, be arranged on front vehicle frame 11 front ends spare tyre 84, be arranged on back mirror 85, cover panel 86 in front vehicle frame 11, be fixed on front vehicle frame 11 front ends front bumper 87, be arranged on the rack 88 on rear vehicle frame 12 and be fixed on the towing capstan 89 of front vehicle frame 11 front portions.Before and after seat 81 is designed to, can adjust, can drive for the personnel of the different bodily forms, guarantee that driving space is open.On seat 81, be all equipped with safety strap 82, described safety strap 82 adopts chevron pointing layout type, driver and crew can be locked firmly and is pressed on seat, has effectively guaranteed driver and crew's driving safety.Windshield 83 is arranged on the vehicle frame before operator's compartment, neither affects chaufeur and occupant's the visual field, can block again the obstruction of shrub weeds branch in driving process middle forest, guarantees chaufeur and occupant's safety.Rack 88 is located on rear vehicle frame 12, is used for installing and supporting each fire-fighting, Rescue Kits and other fire appliance, also can transport if desired other goods and materials.Towing capstan 89 is arranged on the front portion of front vehicle frame 11, is fixed on the underframe 111 of front vehicle frame 11, while being absorbed in the severe circumstances such as mud ground, can utilizing with towing capstan 89 and realize and save oneself and rescue mutually when vehicle.

As shown in Fig. 1,2,14-16, vehicle-mounted equipment 90 of the present invention comprises stretcher 901, stretcher spectacle case 9011, medical first-aid case 902, chain saw 903, heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904, fire extinguisher 905, fire pump 906, soft suction hose 907, water tank 908, fire hose 909, safety rope 910, fire-fighting axe 911, fire fighting hammer 912, fire-fighting spanner 913, fire-fighting crowbar 914 and fire-fighting shovel 915 etc.The rescue outfits such as stretcher 901, medical first-aid case 902, chain saw 903, safety rope 910, for the Quick rescue to trapped personnel and the treatment to the wounded, safe lift to move.Stretcher 901 is placed in rack 88 midway location or a side above, can on rack 88, launch, and convenient fixing, quick, firm, for the transportation sick and wounded.Medical first-aid case 902 and stretcher spectacle case 9011 arrange near stretcher 901 sides.Chain saw 903 and fire extinguisher 905 are placed on rack 88, and are positioned at the side near operator's compartment, and when use, fast and easy is taken.

Fire appliance and the fire fighting apparatus and materials such as chain saw 903, fire extinguisher 905, heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904, fire extinguisher 905, fire pump 906, soft suction hose 907, water tank 908, fire hose 909, fire-fighting axe 911, fire fighting hammer 912, fire-fighting spanner 913, fire-fighting crowbar 914 and fire-fighting shovel 915 that the present invention is equipped with, the category-A of can putting out a fire to save life and property, category-B, C class and electric information fire.Wherein fire pump 906, soft suction hose 907, fire hose 909, safety rope 910 are arranged in the space on the underframe 111 of front vehicle frame 11, under rack 88, fire pump 906 is fixed on underframe 111, it is other that soft suction hose 907, fire hose 909 are placed in fire pump 906, and near water tank 908.For preventing dropping in above-mentioned equipment vehicle operational process, in the two side ends of underframe 111, be respectively equipped with and hide web plate 921, its upper end is articulated with on the side lever of rack 88 horizontally sets, and lower end is provided with the movable snap fit being snapped on underframe 111.When use, operator firmly lifts covering web plate 921 lower ends can open, quick and easy, to adapt to the needs of rescue.The power of described fire pump 906 adopts the logical machine of the 188F famous brand gasoline of force-air cooling, drive coupling reasonable in design, the power that draws water is powerful, reliable, water pump diversion adopts vacuum pump self-priming, to save work water injection time, service efficiency is high, and the installation of fire pump 906 on underframe 111 also adopts fast assembling disassembling structure, fire pump 906 can be taken off and take limit, water source to and carry out work, with the promptness of the disaster relief that guarantees to put out a fire.

Referring to Figure 16, fire-fighting axe 911, fire fighting hammer 912, fire-fighting spanner 913, fire-fighting crowbar 914 and fire-fighting shovel 915 that the present invention is equipped with are distributed in the box body 91 of the lateral opening arranging in 88 times sides of rack, employing active grab is fixed, take conveniently, for remove running disorder, excavation fire guard, the opening of this box body 91 by side cover plate 916 movable buckles on rack 88.These equipment are owing to adopting fast assembling disassembling structure, install, dismounting is very quick and easy, and fixed.

Referring to Figure 14,15,17, described water tank 908 sets up two separately, is installed in respectively in operator's compartment below two seats 81, and compact conformation, is conducive to reduce the height of center of mass of vehicle, the riding stability and the safety that improve vehicle.Water tank 908 can carry 160 liters of fire demand waters, be provided with water inlet and by-pass valve control 9081, water outlet 9082 and ventilation mouth 9083, water supplementing method is extensive flexibly, can be heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904 provides the water consumption of certain hour, water outlet 9082 is connected with the high pressure pump group 9042 in heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904 by coolant inlet pipe 9043, supplies water to high pressure pump group 9042.As shown in figure 17, heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904 of the present invention is made up of driving engine 9041, high pressure pump group 9042, coolant inlet pipe 9043, coolant outlet pipe 9044, spray gun 9045, frothing agent bucket 9046 and thin water smoke switch 788 etc., except thin water smoke switch 788, to be arranged on instrument carrier panel 711 upper outside, all the other are arranged on rack 88 bottoms, in the space being enclosed by two lower supporting frames 1203 and lower cross frame 1211, and cover by the movable back shroud 920 of the longitudinal surface setting at two lower supporting frames 1203.The water inlet of high pressure pump group 9042 is connected with the water outlet 9082 of water tank 908 by coolant inlet pipe 9043, and the water outlet of high pressure pump group 9042 is connected with coolant outlet pipe 9044.

Heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904 is at present application a kind of environmental protection very widely in the world, energy-efficient fire extinguishing system, it is the forward position of domestic and international green fire prevention development, be the high-efficiency environment friendly fire-fighting technique of multiple subject crossing crystallization, the extinguishing mechanism that it is advanced and excellent properties become the effective means that solves many fire difficult problems.It not only has the fire-extinguishing function concurrently of high-efficiency water-saving, safety and environmental protection, and possesses special cigarette, cooling, the toxicity reduction function of falling.The particle diameter of thin water smoke is little, and the scope of shrouding is large, can isolate fast burning things which may cause a fire disaster, and scene of fire smog and noxious gas are effectively degraded and shutoff; Form tunnel escape, be conducive to evacuating personnel and protection fire fighter's life security; Utilize minimum water to extinguish fire, be unlikely to, because of with becoming floods after dilutional hyponatremia fire, to cause the secondary injury after fire; Powerful seepage force, and add that foamite mixes, and can put out burning things which may cause a fire disaster fast; Range at a distance, is easy to control.Heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904 be applicable to put out a fire to save life and property category-A, category-B, C class and electric information fire.Due to its advanced person's extinguishing mechanism, it uses the restriction that is not substantially subject to place, on land, ocean, space all can apply, the especially localised protection to high-risk occasion and effective especially to the protection of confined space.As: petrochemical industry, military equipment, coal industry, medicine, food-processing industry, ancient building, archive, business civil construction, subway, tunnel, Large-sized Communication vehicle, above water craft, aerospace, electric power, electron trade, fire brigade and forest ranger etc.

Heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation 904, except fire extinguishing, in the time that device start maintains, can be to the cleaning of on-the-spot floor, wall, door and window, vehicle and miscellaneous equipment, equipment, also can spray, water trees, flowers and plants, there is several functions.

Fire-fighting of the present invention, emergency management and rescue equipment or equipment all adopt removable type of attachment, not only dismounting, use, easy to maintenance, and be convenient to following new equipment, the newly expansion of function.

The present invention has good operation extensibility, and all vehicle-mounted equipments can move to easily car and work outward, and all rescue tool casees all can directly take out, outwards launch from car.

The present invention forms a whole the autonomous system connecting each other in several functions that put rules into practice, use, be arranged on around rack 88, form support Unit independently separately, the task of its visual fire-fighting, emergency management and rescue, the difference of scale, carry out as required combination in any, field conduct is disposed fast and effectively.

The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not in order to limit the present invention, all any modifications of doing within the spirit and principles in the present invention, be equal to and replace and improvement etc., within all should being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (13)

1. a MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), comprise vehicle frame, steering swivel system, brake system, driving system, suspension, power system, electric system, body accessory, vehicle-mounted equipment and front, rear wheel, it is characterized in that: described vehicle frame is the assembly foundation of whole MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle), be configured to by front vehicle frame and rear car, wherein said front vehicle frame adopts solid drawn pipe, section bar bending process and being welded, comprise horizontally disposed underframe and be arranged at the bearing support on this underframe, described underframe is located on wheel, it comprises by two bottom girders that arrange along working direction and the first bottom cross beam and the second bottom cross beam that are connected with described two bottom girder two ends respectively, two bottom girders and the first bottom cross beam and the second bottom cross beam enclose the peripheral structure of whole underframe, in the space of this peripheral structure, be also provided with at least another bottom cross beam parallel with described the first bottom cross beam, described bearing support comprises the two vertical side bearing framves that arrange and two horizontally sets, be positioned at the first bearing support cross bar, the second bearing support cross bar that two-side supporting frame top and two ends are connected with two-side supporting frame respectively, the top of described the first bearing support cross bar, the second bearing support cross bar and two-side supporting frame forms the topmast of whole vehicle frame and holds, on described two-side supporting frame, also extend and be provided with front frame forward, described front frame comprises the front lower bracket that front upper bracket that one end is connected with two-side supporting frame and one end are connected with described underframe, described front lower bracket comprises the many pipe links that adopt solid drawn pipe bending to be level and longitudinally to arrange, described pipe link rear open end is connected with described underframe, upper end open end is connected with described front upper bracket, and be connected with front upper bracket by the many long montants that longitudinally arrange, simultaneously between described long montant and pipe link, be obliquely provided with multiple oblique stirrups,
Described rear vehicle frame is for supporting and the installation of each vehicle-mounted equipment, comprises that along the two-side supporting frame rear end of described front vehicle frame horizontal-extending is backward provided with the matrix framework of openings at one side; In the area of space enclosing in described matrix framework, along parallel two back stays that are provided with of car body service direction, and in two back stays and matrix framework along on car body service direction, be arranged with at least two for supporting the oblique fulcrum bar of described matrix framework;
In described matrix framework along on the longitudinal rod member of two on car body service direction, also be provided with the U-shaped side stand that two length are different, the long end of described two U-shaped side stand open ends is connected with two-side supporting frame in described front vehicle frame, short end connects described oblique fulcrum bar, and described matrix framework is placed in the midway location of U-shaped side stand described in two, make the upper part of U-shaped side stand described in two and matrix framework enclose the rack that is positioned at rear vehicle frame top, can places vehicle-mounted equipment; In described matrix base of frame, be also provided with downward vertically by two L-shaped rami posterior inferiors of solid drawn pipe bending and hold bar, two back stay medium positions are to having montant twice, and two rami posterior inferiors hold the bar other end and are connected with twice montants; Hold between bar in described two rami posterior inferiors, going back level connection joint has a rear lower fixed frame.
2. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described side bearing frame comprises that two be arranged in parallel and are monolateral trapezoidal side bearing frame upper rack posts and side bearing frame lower fulcrum bar by solid drawn pipe Integral bending, between two poles, also level is provided with a cross support arm, be connected in the vertical direction of two poles, form the side bearing of whole vehicle frame.
3. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described front upper bracket comprises that entirety is the strut member of the trapezoidal and downward-sloping setting of bottom end opening, described strut member forms with sheet steel bending, or employing shaped steel, its rear end is connected with two-side supporting frame respectively, is also provided with multiple longitudinal stirrups and transverse reinforced bar in its space enclosing .
4. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the bottom that described in two, rami posterior inferior holds bar is provided with the two bottom support bars L-shaped by solid drawn pipe bending downward vertically, this two bottom supports bar is connected with the first bottom cross beam of described front vehicle frame, described in two lower montant bottom be fixed on two described on bottom support bar.
5. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving system comprises driving engine, power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, described change speed gear box rear end output shaft connects rear propeller shaft assy., and connect rear primary gearbox by described rear propeller shaft assy., described rear primary gearbox two ends respectively by trailing wheel semiaxis by transmission of power to trailing wheel.
6. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving system comprises driving engine, power-transfer clutch and change speed gear box, described change speed gear box front end output shaft connects front propeller shaft assy., and main reduction gear before connecting by described front propeller shaft assy., described front main reduction gear two ends are given two front-wheels by front-wheel semiaxis by transmission of power respectively; Described change speed gear box rear end output shaft connects rear propeller shaft assy., and connects rear primary gearbox by described rear propeller shaft assy., described rear primary gearbox two ends respectively by trailing wheel semiaxis by transmission of power to trailing wheel.
7. according to the MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: described driving system is also provided with diff lock, described diff lock comprises diff lock handle, is connected with rear primary gearbox by drag-line.
8. according to the MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) described in claim 5 or 6, it is characterized in that: described suspension is four-wheel independent suspension mechanism, be connected with described front vehicle frame elasticity, it comprises front wheel suspension device and rear wheel suspension device, the bracket of shock absorber that described front wheel suspension device comprises in pairs and vertically sets up, horizontally set and be on forked front-wheel connection pipe under connection pipe and front-wheel, left steering joint and right steering joint, on described bracket of shock absorber, there is damping spring, its upper end is connected with described front vehicle frame, lower end is connected with connection pipe on front-wheel, two front-wheels save with described left steering respectively, right steering joint is connected, a described left side, the track arm of right steering joint is connected with described steering swivel system, described rear wheel suspension device comprises in pairs and the rear shock absorber assembly of vertically setting up, left back trailing arm and the right back trailing arm of horizontally set, on described rear shock absorber assembly, there is damping spring, its upper end is connected with front vehicle frame, lower end is connected with left back trailing arm, right back trailing arm respectively, described left back trailing arm, right back trailing arm are arranged in front vehicle frame by bearing, and are used for installing trailing wheel semiaxis and rear braking subpump.
9. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 8, it is characterized in that: described steering swivel system comprises sequentially connected steering handwheel, universal-joint, steering shaft, steering wheel and is arranged at left steering intermediate rod and the right steering intermediate rod at described steering wheel two ends, steering wheel is fixed in front vehicle frame by steering wheel fixed code, and the outer end of described left steering intermediate rod, right steering intermediate rod is hinged and connect together with the left and right track arm of the upper left steering swivel of described front wheel suspension device, right steering joint with tie-rod ball end.
10. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 8, is characterized in that: described brake system comprises service braking device and holding brake device; Described service braking device is four-wheel disc type brake, comprises brake pedal, master brake cylinder, brake pipe, front brake cylinder, front brake disc, rear braking subpump and rear brake disc, and described master brake cylinder, brake pipe are fixed in described front vehicle frame; Left steering joint and right steering that described front brake cylinder is arranged in described front wheel suspension device save above, and described front brake disc is arranged on the front wheel hub in described driving system; Described rear braking subpump is arranged on the left back trailing arm in described rear wheel suspension device, right back trailing arm, and described rear brake disc is arranged on the rear-wheel hub in described driving system; Described holding brake device comprise handgrip drag-line that parking handgrip, one end be connected with described parking handgrip, with rear braking subpump and rear brake disc that the described handgrip drag-line other end is connected, described parking handgrip is fixed in front vehicle frame.
11. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described electric system mainly comprises control panel, Engine ECU controller, Warning light, loudspeaker, various instrument and switch are set on described control panel, are also provided with and can carry out data contact and and the GPS port of each signal communication cooperating between vehicle.
12. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: adjustable seat before and after described body accessory comprises, be arranged on safety strap between described front vehicle frame and seat, be arranged on Windshield before operator's compartment, be arranged on described front vehicle frame front end spare tyre, be arranged on the back mirror in described front vehicle frame, the front bumper that is fixed on described front vehicle frame front end and towing capstan, be arranged on the rack on described rear vehicle frame, described towing capstan is arranged on the front portion of front vehicle frame, and is fixed on the underframe of described front vehicle frame.
13. MPV (Multi-Purpose Vehicle) according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vehicle-mounted equipment comprises stretcher, medical first-aid case, chain saw, heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire extinguisher, fire pump, soft suction hose, water tank, fire hose, safety rope, fire-fighting axe, fire fighting hammer, fire-fighting spanner, fire-fighting crowbar and fire-fighting shovel, described water tank is installed in below interior two seats of operator's compartment, described stretcher is placed in midway location or the side above described rack, and described medical first-aid case and stretcher spectacle case arrange near described stretcher side; Described chain saw and fire extinguisher are placed on described rack, and are positioned at the side near operator's compartment; Described heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire pump, soft suction hose, fire hose, safety rope are arranged in the space on the underframe of described front vehicle frame, under described rack, described fire pump is fixed on underframe, described soft suction hose, fire hose are placed in by described fire pump, and near water tank; Described heavy pressure fine spray/fixed froth installation, fire-fighting axe, fire fighting hammer, fire-fighting spanner, fire-fighting crowbar and fire-fighting shovel are distributed in the box body of the lateral opening that side arranges under rack, adopt active grab to fix.
CN201210426603.9A 2012-10-31 2012-10-31 Multifunctional vehicle CN103223889B (en)

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