CN103222684B - Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter assembly for smoking articles and smoking articles made therefrom - Google Patents

Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter assembly for smoking articles and smoking articles made therefrom Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103222684B
CN103222684B CN201310165893.0A CN201310165893A CN103222684B CN 103222684 B CN103222684 B CN 103222684B CN 201310165893 A CN201310165893 A CN 201310165893A CN 103222684 B CN103222684 B CN 103222684B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
material
fibers
filter
fiber
adsorbent
Prior art date
Application number
CN201310165893.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN103222684A (en
Inventor
N·P·安德烈森
M·F·杜贝
B·W·阿索尼科
R·K·赫琴斯
Original Assignee
R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Family has litigation
Priority to US12/124,891 priority Critical
Priority to US12/124,891 priority patent/US8079369B2/en
Priority to US12/124,874 priority patent/US8375958B2/en
Priority to US12/124,874 priority
Priority to US12/392,725 priority
Priority to US12/392,725 priority patent/US8613284B2/en
Application filed by R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司 filed Critical R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司
Priority to CN200980118780.72009.05.21 priority
Priority to CN2009801187807A priority patent/CN102046033B/en
Publication of CN103222684A publication Critical patent/CN103222684A/en
First worldwide family litigation filed litigation Critical https://patents.darts-ip.com/?family=40983562&utm_source=google_patent&utm_medium=platform_link&utm_campaign=public_patent_search&patent=CN103222684(B) "Global patent litigation dataset” by Darts-ip is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103222684B publication Critical patent/CN103222684B/en

Links

Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/02Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/0204Preliminary operations before the filter rod forming process, e.g. crimping, blooming
    • A24D3/0212Applying additives to filter materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/02Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/0204Preliminary operations before the filter rod forming process, e.g. crimping, blooming
    • A24D3/0212Applying additives to filter materials
    • A24D3/0216Applying additives to filter materials the additive being in the form of capsules, beads or the like
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/02Manufacture of tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/0204Preliminary operations before the filter rod forming process, e.g. crimping, blooming
    • A24D3/0212Applying additives to filter materials
    • A24D3/0225Applying additives to filter materials with solid additives, e.g. incorporation of a granular product
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/061Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters containing additives entrapped within capsules, sponge-like material or the like, for further release upon smoking
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/067Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters characterised by functional properties
    • A24D3/068Biodegradable or disintegrable
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/16Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of inorganic materials
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24DCIGARS; CIGARETTES; TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS; MOUTHPIECES FOR CIGARS OR CIGARETTES; MANUFACTURE OF TOBACCO SMOKE FILTERS OR MOUTHPIECES
    • A24D3/00Tobacco smoke filters, e.g. filter-tips, filtering inserts; Mouthpieces for cigars or cigarettes
    • A24D3/06Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters
    • A24D3/16Use of materials for tobacco smoke filters of inorganic materials
    • A24D3/163Carbon

Abstract

提供了一种用于形成吸烟制品如香烟的滤嘴棒元件的设备及相关方法。 It provided an apparatus for smoking articles such as filter rod elements and associated method for forming a cigarette. 所述设备包括棒形成单元,该单元的结构能够将过滤材料的连续供料形成为连续的圆柱形棒元件。 The apparatus comprises a rod forming unit, the structural unit can continuously feed the filter material is formed into a continuous cylindrical rod member. 对插入单元进行设计,其结构能将载体材料承载的吸附材料插入棒元件中。 Insertion unit design, the structure capable of adsorbent support material carried into the rod member. 所述方法包括将过滤材料的连续供料形成为连续的圆柱形棒元件,将载体材料承载的吸附材料插入棒元件中,从而将吸附材料设置在棒元件之内。 The method includes a continuous feed of filter material formed into a continuous cylindrical rod member, the adsorbent material carried by the carrier material into the rod member, so that the adsorbent material is disposed within the rod member. 还提供了包括至少一个滤嘴段(32)的香烟滤嘴,所述滤嘴段中嵌有一种或多种复合纤维结构(60)或可降解纤维,该复合纤维结构包括载体纤维和吸附纤维,该吸附纤维包含吸附材料。 Is also provided a cigarette filter comprising at least one filter segment (32), said filter segments fitted with one or more composite fiber structures (60) or the biodegradable fiber, the composite fiber structure comprising a carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber the adsorbent fiber comprising an adsorbent material.

Description

用于形成吸烟制品的滤嘴组件的设备和相关方法以及由其制造的吸烟制品 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter assembly for smoking articles and smoking articles made therefrom

[0001] 分案申请说明 [0001] divisional application DESCRIPTION

[0002] 本申请系申请日为2009年5月21日、国际申请号为PCT/US2009/044829、进入中国国家阶段后的国家申请号为2009801187807、题为"用于形成吸烟制品的滤嘴组件的设备和相关方法以及由其制造的吸烟制品"的发明专利申请的分案申请。 [0002] This application department filed May 21, 2009, International Application No. PCT / US2009 / 044829, application number after the country enters the national phase in China is 2009801187807, entitled "for the formation of a smoking article filter assembly the apparatus and associated method and a divisional application smoking article made therefrom "invention patent application. 发明领域 Field of the Invention

[0003] 本发明的实施方式涉及烟草产品如吸烟制品(如香烟)的形成,更具体涉及用于将吸附材料插入香烟滤嘴中的设备和相关方法。 Embodiment [0003] The present invention relates to smoking tobacco products, such as formed articles (e.g., cigarettes), and more particularly relates to a cigarette filter to the apparatus and associated methods adsorbent material is inserted.

[0004] 相关领域说明 [0004] Description of Related Art

[0005] 普通的抽烟制品如香烟具有基本圆柱形的结构,包括用包装纸围绕的一支(一卷或一筒)可抽吸(smokable)材料,例如切碎的烟草(例如为切割的填充物形式),从而形成所谓"可抽吸棒"或"烟草棒"。 [0005] Common smoking articles such as cigarettes have a substantially cylindrical configuration, comprising a wrapping paper around the (a roll or cylinder) smokable (smokable) material, such as shredded tobacco (e.g., cut filler as form thereof), so as to form a so-called "smokable rod" or "tobacco rod." 香烟通常具有圆柱形滤嘴元件,该元件与烟草棒以首尾连接的关系对齐。 Cigarettes typically has a cylindrical filter element which is aligned with the tobacco rod connected end to end relation. 滤嘴元件通常包括由称为"接装纸(plugwrap)"的纸张材料限定的塑化的乙酸纤维素丝束。 The filter element typically comprises a paper material known as "tipping paper (plugwrap)" defined plasticized cellulose acetate tow. 一些滤嘴元件可结合多元醇。 Some filter elements may be combined polyols. 通常使用称为"水松纸(tippingpaper)" 的限定包装材料将滤嘴元件连接在烟草棒的一端。 Usually referred to as "tipping paper (tippingpaper)" packaging material defining the filter element is connected to one end of the tobacco rod. 在《烟草生产、化学和技术(Tobacco Production,ChemistryandTechnology)》,Davis等(编纂)(1999)中提出了关于香烟及其各组件的说明。 In the "tobacco production, chemistry and technology (Tobacco Production, ChemistryandTechnology)", Davis, etc. (Codification) (1999) presented a note on cigarettes and its components. 吸烟者通过点燃香烟的一端并燃烧烟草棒来享用香烟。 Smoker by lighting one end thereof and burning the tobacco rod of the cigarette to enjoy a cigarette. 然后吸烟者通过在香烟的相对端(如滤嘴端)晚吸(drawing),将主流烟雾(mainstreamsmoke)吸入他/她的嘴中。 Then at the opposite end by a smoker of cigarettes (such as the filter end) late suction (drawing), the mainstream smoke (mainstreamsmoke) Inhalation his / her mouth.

[0006] -些香烟结合了其中分散有吸附材料的滤嘴元件,所述吸附材料是例如微粒或细粒形式(即粉末)的活性炭或木炭材料(统称为"碳质材料(carbonaceous material)")。 [0006] - some combination of cigarette filter elements dispersed therein adsorbent material, the adsorbent material is in the form of particles or granules, for example, (i.e., powder) of activated carbon or charcoal materials (collectively "carbonaceous material (carbonaceous material)" ). 例如,一种示例性的香烟滤嘴可具有多个段,这些段中的至少一个可包含高碳含量材料的颗粒。 For example, an exemplary cigarette filter may have a plurality of segments, at least one of these segments can comprise particles of high carbon content material. 在以下文献中提出了各种结合有木炭颗粒或活性炭类材料的滤嘴:Touey的美国专利2881770 ;Seligman等的美国专利3101723 ;Irby等的美国专利3236244 ;Touey等的美国专利3311519 ;Lloyd的美国专利3347247 ;Sublett等的美国专利3349780 ;Davis等的美国专利3370595 ;Sublett等的美国专利3413982 ;Dock的美国专利3602231 ;Tigglebeck等的美国专利3972335 ; Various proposed incorporating charcoal particles or activated carbon based filter material in the following documents: U.S. Patent No. 2,881,770 of Touey; Seligman U.S. Patent No. 3,101,723 and the like; U.S. Patent No. 3,236,244 to Irby the like; etc. U.S. Patent Touey 3311519; Lloyd U.S. Patent No. 3,347,247; U.S. Patent No. 3,349,780 to Sublett and the like; U.S. Patent No. 3,370,595 of Davis et al; U.S. Patent No. 3,413,982 to Sublett and the like; U.S. Patent No. 3,602,231 to Dock; Tigglebeck U.S. Patent No. 3,972,335 and the like;

[0007] Blakley等的美国专利5360023 ;Veluz的美国专利6537186 ;Coleman,III等的美国专利公开2007/0056600 ;Banerjea等的PCT TO2006/064371 Jupe等的PCTTO 2006/051422 ;这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 U.S. Patent No. [0007] Blakley like 5360023; Veluz U.S. Patent No. 6537186; Coleman, III et al, U.S. Patent Publication 2007/0056600; Banerjea etc. PCT TO2006 / 064371 Jupe like PCTTO 2006/051422; these references are incorporated by reference this.

[0008] 如上所述,这些碳质材料类型在结合到滤嘴元件中的时候通常为颗粒或细粒的形式。 [0008] As described above, these types of carbonaceous materials is generally in the form of particles or granules, when incorporated into the filter element. 例如,可以使用一般种类的用于常规dalmation滤嘴制造的技术将碳质材料的细粒结合到"dalmation"型滤嘴区域中。 For example, a general type of conventional techniques for bonding dalmation filter manufacture fine carbonaceous material to "dalmation" type of filter area. 用于生产dalmation滤嘴的技术是已知的,Filtrona GreensboroInc•已经商业提供了代表性的dalmation滤嘴。 Technology for the production of dalmation filters are known, Filtrona GreensboroInc • commercialized provides representative dalmation filters. 或者,可以使用一般种类的用于常规"空腔(cavity)"滤嘴制造的技术将碳质材料的细粒结合到"空腔"型滤嘴区域中。 Alternatively, a general type used in conventional "cavities (cavity)" manufactured by filter binding technique carbonaceous fines material to the "cavities" type of filter area. 或者,可以对用于制造结合了细粒材料的滤嘴段的其他已知种类的技术和设备进行适当改变,从而将碳质材料引入滤嘴段中。 Alternatively, binding may be used for producing other known types of filter segments of the particulate material and equipment appropriately changed, introducing a carbonaceous material in the filter segments. 但是,这些技术经常是原始的,因为碳质材料的微粒或细粒作为松散粉末或浆液粗略地插入滤嘴元件中,这种过程可以描述为例如不协调的、造成浪费的和"杂乱的"。 However, these techniques are often original, since the carbonaceous material as a loose powder particles or granules or slurry roughly inserted into the filter element, for example such a process may be described as inconsistent, wasteful and "messy" .

[0009] 因此,需要以便于获得更清洁和更高效过程的方式将吸附材料插入吸烟制品的滤嘴段/元件中的设备和方法。 / Apparatus and method of the filter element segment [0009] Accordingly, in order to obtain the process cleaner and more efficient manner of smoking article is inserted into the adsorbent material. 这些设备和方法应当能有利地将各种形式的吸附材料插入滤嘴元件中。 These devices and methods can be advantageously inserted into the various forms of the adsorbent material in the filter element.

[0010] 发明概述 [0010] Summary of the Invention

[0011] 通过本发明的实施方式满足了以上的和其他的需求,这些实施方式根据各方面提供了用于将载体材料承载的吸附材料插入吸烟制品的滤嘴棒元件中的设备和方法。 [0011] The above and meet the requirements by other embodiments of the invention, these embodiments provide an apparatus and method for a filter rod element adsorbent material carried by the carrier material is inserted into a smoking article in accordance with various aspects. 因此,一个方面涉及用于形成制造吸烟制品所用的滤嘴棒的设备,其中各棒具有吸附材料,所述吸附材料由载体材料承载,沿着滤嘴棒的长度方向插入滤嘴棒中,将所述棒纵向再分成棒部分(rodportion)时,各棒部分包含至少一部分吸附材料。 Accordingly, one aspect relates to a device for manufacturing filter rods used for smoking articles are formed, wherein each rod having adsorbent material, the adsorbent material carried by the carrier material, is inserted into a filter rod along the longitudinal direction of the filter rod, the said longitudinal rod is subdivided into rod portions (rodportion), each rod portion includes at least a portion of the adsorbent material. 该设备结合了用于连续供应过滤材料的装置(例如装配的将过滤丝束供应到连续的棒形成单元的过滤丝束加工单元)。 The apparatus incorporates means for a continuous supply of filter material (e.g., the assembled filter tow is supplied to a continuous rod forming unit filter tow processing unit). 一种代表性的设备还可包括例如料斗和转轮装置,如Thomas等的美国专利申请公开US2007/0068540A1中所述(并通过参考结合于此),该装置与滤嘴供应装置以可操作方式接合,用于将承载吸附材料的载体材料供应到过滤材料。 A representative apparatus may further comprise, for example, a hopper and wheel means, such as Thomas U.S. Patent Application Publication US2007 / 0068540A1 described (and incorporated herein by reference), the filter means and the supply means operably joining, the support material for carrying the adsorbent material is supplied to the filter material. 在以下文献中揭示了用于将物体插入过滤材料中的其他装置,例如:Green,Jr等的美国专利4862905 (即,插入单独的绞股部分);Thomas等的美国专利申请公开US2007/0068540A1(S卩,插入胶囊);Nelson等的美国专利申请11/461941(S卩,插入连续的绞股);Stokes等的美国专利申请11/760983 (即, 插入连续的绞股);Lanier,Jr等的美国专利7074170 (都通过参考结合于此)。 Discloses a means for other objects into the filter material in the literature, for example: Green, Jr U.S. Patent No. 4,862,905 and the like (i.e., are inserted into separate strands portion); Thomas et al, US Patent Application Publication US2007 / 0068540A1 ( S Jie, capsule insertion); Nelson et al U.S. Patent application 11/461941 (S Jie, inserted continuous strands); Stokes et U.S. Patent application 11/760983 (i.e., insertion of continuous strands); Lanier, Jr, etc. U.S. Patent No. 7,074,170 (both incorporated herein by reference).

[0012] 例如通过棒形成单元将连续供应的过滤材料形成连续的圆柱形棒元件。 [0012] for example, is formed by the rod means of a continuous supply of filter material to form a continuous cylindrical rod member. 通过插入单元将承载吸附材料的载体材料插入棒元件中。 By inserting the carrier material carrying the adsorbent means into the rod member. 在一些方面中,然后以预定的间隔用棒划分单元将连续棒再分,形成多个滤嘴棒或棒部分或滤嘴元件,使得各棒部分包含至少一部分吸附材料。 In some aspects, at predetermined intervals and with a bar dividing unit subdivided the continuous rod to form a plurality of filter rods or rod portions or filter element, such that each rod portion includes at least a portion of the adsorbent material.

[0013] 在一些方面中,提出了一种形成香烟滤嘴棒元件的方法,该方法包括将过滤材料的连续供料形成为连续的圆柱形棒元件,将载体材料承载的吸附材料插入棒元件中,从而将吸附材料设置在棒元件之内。 [0013] In some aspects, there is proposed a method of forming a cigarette filter rod element, the method comprising forming a continuous feed of the filter material into a continuous cylindrical rod member, the adsorbent material carried by the carrier material into the rod member , so that the adsorbent material is disposed within the rod member. 这种方法还可包括沿着棒元件的纵轴将棒元件划分成多个棒部分,使得各棒部分包含至少一部分吸附材料。 This method may further include a rod member along the longitudinal axis of the rod member into a plurality of rod portions such that each rod portion includes at least a portion of the adsorbent material.

[0014] 在一个方面中,本发明提供了一种香烟滤嘴,该滤嘴包括至少一个滤嘴段,该滤嘴段中嵌有一种或多种复合纤维结构,所述复合纤维结构包括载体纤维和吸附纤维(例如碳质纤维),所述吸附纤维包含吸附材料。 [0014] In one aspect, the present invention provides a filter cigarette, the filter comprising at least one filter segment, the middle filter segment fitted with one or more fiber composite structure, the composite fiber structure comprising a carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber (e.g. carbon fibers), the adsorbent fiber comprising an adsorbent material. 示例性的碳质纤维可以通过前体纤维的碳化制备, 所述前体纤维是例如酚类纤维、纤维素纤维、人造丝纤维、丙烯酸类纤维和沥青纤维。 Exemplary carbonaceous fibers can be prepared by carbonization of a precursor fiber, the precursor fibers are for example phenolic fibers, cellulose fibers, rayon fibers, acrylic fibers, and pitch fibers. 在一些实施方式中,滤嘴包括一个或多个纤维丝束材料(如乙酸纤维素丝束)段。 In some embodiments, the filter comprises one or more segments of fibrous tow material (e.g., cellulose acetate tow).

[0015] 复合纤维结构可包括多种载体纤维或多种吸附纤维。 [0015] The conjugate fiber structure may comprise fibers or more carriers more adsorbent fiber. 载体纤维和吸附纤维中的一种或两种可以是纱线的形式。 Carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber may be in the form of one or both of the yarn. 整个复合纤维结构也可以是纱线的形式。 Entire composite fiber structures may also be in the form of a yarn. 载体纤维用作吸附纤维的载体,例如通过在载体纤维的周围包裹吸附纤维来发挥作用。 Fiber is used as the carrier adsorption carrier fibers, for example acts by the support fibers wrapped around the adsorbent fiber.

[0016] 在另一个方面中,本发明提供了包括至少一个滤嘴段的香烟滤嘴,该滤嘴段中嵌有至少一种可降解纤维,例如可生物降解纤维。 [0016] In another aspect, the present invention provides a cigarette filter comprising at least one filter segment, the middle filter segment embedded with at least one biodegradable fiber, such as biodegradable fibers. 纤维可以是具有任意各种横截面(包括圆形或扁平的横截面)的任何绞股、线或纱线。 The fibers may be any strand, thread or yarn having any of various cross-sections (including a circular cross-section or flat) of. 纤维可以为滤嘴元件提供视觉差别或织构/触觉差别。 Fibers may provide visual distinction to the filter element or textured / tactile difference. 纤维本身可改变烟雾通过滤嘴的特性或性质,或者任选地承载能够改变烟雾的特性或性质的添加剂(例如一种或多种吸附材料、香料、除臭剂、或其组合)。 The fibers themselves can be varied by the smoke filter characteristics or properties, or optionally additives capable of changing the carrier (e.g., one or more adsorbent materials, perfumes, deodorants, or combinations thereof) characteristics or properties of the smoke. 可以采用各种技术用可降解纤维承载添加剂,或者使添加剂与可降解纤维结合,所述技术是例如:将添加剂吸收在纤维结构中,将添加剂涂覆在纤维结构上,将固体添加剂粘附到纤维表面上,或者在可降解纤维的周围包裹纤维形式的添加剂(如碳质纤维)。 Various techniques may be employed with a biodegradable fiber carrying additive, the additive or in combination with biodegradable fiber, for example, the technique: the additive in the absorbent fibrous structure, the fiber structure coated on the additive, the additive adhering to the solid on the fiber surface or fiber wrapped around the form of biodegradable fiber additive (e.g., carbon fibers).

[0017]示例性的可生物降解纤维包括纤维素纤维、聚乙烯醇、脂族聚酯、脂族聚氨酯、 顺-聚异戊二烯、顺-聚丁二烯、聚链烷酸羟酯、聚酐、及其共聚物和掺混物。 [0017] Exemplary biodegradable fibers include cellulose fibers, polyvinyl alcohol, aliphatic polyesters, aliphatic polyurethanes, cis - polyisoprene, cis - polybutadiene, hydroxyalkyl esters of alkanoic acids, polyanhydrides, and copolymers and blends thereof. 在一种实施方式中,可生物降解纤维是竹纤维或聚乳酸纤维。 In one embodiment, the biodegradable fiber is a bamboo fiber or a polylactic acid fiber.

[0018] 本发明还包括结合了如本文所述的滤嘴元件的抽烟制品,例如包括被包装材料限定的可点燃抽吸材料棒的抽烟制品,所述可点燃抽吸材料棒与根据本发明的香烟滤嘴相连。 [0018] The present invention further comprises a filter element as described herein in conjunction with a smoking article according to, for example, a packaging material comprising a defined smokable material of smoking article rods, the rods of smokable material according to the present invention the cigarette filter connected.

[0019] 因此,本发明的实施方式提供了本文中更详细说明的明显优点。 [0019] Accordingly, embodiments of the present invention provides significant advantages described in more detail below.

[0020] 附图简要描述 [0020] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE

[0021] 为了帮助理解本发明的实施方式,参考以下附图,这些附图不一定按比例绘制。 [0021] To assist in understanding embodiments of the present invention, with reference to the following accompanying drawings, which are not necessarily drawn to scale. 附图仅仅是示例,不应当理解为限制本发明。 The drawings are merely exemplary, and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0022] 图1是一种具有香烟形式的抽烟制品的分解透视图,图中显示了香烟的可点燃抽吸材料、包装材料组件和滤嘴元件; [0022] FIG. 1 is an exploded perspective view of a smoking article having the form of a cigarette, the cigarette shown in FIG smokable materials, packaging materials and filter element assembly;

[0023] 图2是根据本发明一种实施方式的滤嘴元件的截面图,该滤嘴元件中结合有吸附材料; [0023] FIG. 2 is a sectional view of an embodiment of the filter element of the present invention, the filter element incorporating an adsorbent material;

[0024] 图3A-3D是一种具有香烟形式的抽烟制品的截面图,图中显示了香烟的可点燃抽吸材料、包装材料组件、和包含吸附材料的滤嘴元件; Cross-sectional view of the smoking article [0024] Figures 3A-3D having a form of a cigarette, showing the smokable material of the cigarette, the packaging material components, and the filter element comprising adsorbent material;

[0025] 图4是根据本发明一种实施方式的棒制造设备的示意图,该设备包括过滤丝束加工单元的一部分、由载体材料承载的吸附材料来源、插入单元、和滤嘴棒形成单元; [0025] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment of the rod making apparatus embodiment of the present invention, the apparatus includes a filter tow processing unit portion of the adsorbent material carried by the source of the carrier material, the insertion unit, and the filter rod forming unit;

[0026]图5是一种滤嘴元件的截面图,该滤嘴元件结合有由载体纤维承载的碳质纤维; 和 [0026] FIG. 5 is a sectional view of a filter element, the filter element incorporates fiber carried by the carrier carbonaceous fibers; and

[0027] 图6是一种由载体纤维承载的碳质纤维的透视图。 [0027] FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a carbonaceous fiber carried by a carrier fiber.

[0028] 优选实施方式详细说明 [0028] The embodiment described in detail preferred embodiments

[0029] 以下将参考附图更全面地描述本发明。 [0029] Hereinafter, the present invention will be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings. 本发明可以按多种不同的形式实施,不应当理解为限于本文提出的实施方式;而是,提供这些实施方式使揭示的内容能满足可应用的法律要求。 The present invention may be implemented in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will satisfy applicable legal requirements. 在各附图中,类似的附图标记表示类似的要素。 In the drawings, like reference numerals refer to like elements. 如本说明书和权利要求书中所用,单数形式的"一个"、"一种"和"该"包括复数指代物的情况,除非上下文中有明显不同的指出。 As used in this specification and claims, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" include plural referents, unless the context clearly have different noted.

[0030] 参见图1,图中显示香烟形式的抽烟制品10,具有通过本发明生产或形成的抽烟制品的一些代表性组件。 [0030] Referring to Figure 1, there is shown in the form of a cigarette smoking article 10, with some representative assembly of the present invention produced by or formed smoking article. 香烟10包括包含在限定性包装材料16中的一般为圆柱形的一支或一卷可点燃抽吸的填充物材料棒12。 10 typically comprises a cigarette contained in the packaging material 16 defined in a cylindrical or roll of smokable filler material of the rod 12. 棒12通常称为"烟草棒"。 12 bars often called "tobacco rod." 烟草棒12的末端开放, 裸露出可点燃抽吸的填充物材料。 Open end of the tobacco rod 12, the filler material bare smokeable. 图中所示的香烟10具有一个任选的施加在包装材料16 上的标带22 (例如,包含淀粉、乙基纤维素或藻酸钠之类的成膜剂的印刷涂层),该标带在与香烟纵轴垂直的方向限定香烟棒。 The cigarette 10 shown in FIG marked with an optional wrapping material 16 is applied to the tape 22 (e.g., a printed coating film-forming agent comprising a starch, sodium alginate, ethyl cellulose, or the like), the standard with the direction perpendicular to the longitudinal axis of the cigarette and defining a tobacco rod. 即,标带22提供一个相对于香烟纵轴为横向的区域。 That is, with a standard cigarette 22 to provide a vertical axis laterally with respect to the region. 标带22可以印刷在包装材料的内表面上(S卩,面向可点燃抽吸的填充物材料),或者标带22可以印刷在包装材料的外表面上,较少优选后一种情况。 Standard tape 22 may be printed on the inner surface of the packaging material (S Jie, facing the smokable filler material), or standard tape 22 may be printed on the outer surface of the packaging material, less preferably after the latter case. 虽然香烟可具有包括一个任选标带的包装材料,但是也可以具有包括两个、三个或更多个任选的间隔标带的包装材料。 Although the cigarette can have optionally comprise a standard tape packaging material, but may also comprise two, three or more optional spacing standard packaging material strip.

[0031] 在烟草棒12的一个末端具有点燃端18,在口端20具有滤嘴元件26。 [0031] having a lighting end 18 at one end of the tobacco rod 12, the inlet end 20 having a filter element 26. 滤嘴元件26 设置在与烟草棒12的一端相邻位置,使得滤嘴元件和烟草棒以首尾连接的关系轴向对齐, 优选互相邻接。 The filter element 26 is disposed adjacent the tobacco rod 12 end position, so that the filter element and tobacco rod connected end to end in axial alignment relationship, preferably abutting one another. 滤嘴元件26-般可以为圆柱形,其直径基本等于烟草棒的直径。 26--like filter element may be cylindrical, having a diameter substantially equal to the diameter of the tobacco rod. 滤嘴元件26的末端允许空气和烟雾从中通过。 End of the filter element 26 allows air and smoke therethrough.

[0032] 在一些情况中,滤嘴元件26可如图2中所示设计,其中滤嘴包括与烟草棒12的一端相邻设置的第一滤嘴段32。 [0032] In some cases, the filter element 26 can be designed as shown in FIG. 2, wherein the filter comprises a first filter segment disposed adjacent an end of the tobacco rod 12 is 32. 第一滤嘴段32包含过滤材料40 (例如浸渍有增塑剂如三醋精(triacetin)的乙酸纤维素丝束)。 The first filter segment 32 comprises a filter material 40 (e.g. impregnated with a plasticizer such as triacetin (triacetin) cellulose acetate tow). 在其他情况中,滤嘴元件26可能没有划分成段,如图3中所示。 In other cases, the filter element 26 may not be divided into sections, as shown in Fig. 继续参见图2,在第一段的过滤材料40之内可插入吸附材料/微粒50。 Continuing to refer to FIG. 2, within the first segment 40 of the filter material may be inserted into the adsorbent material / particulate 50. 之前这种吸附材料50已经被粗略地插入过滤材料40中。 Prior to this adsorbent material 50 has been roughly inserted into the filter material 40. 即,已经插入了吸附材料50,但是是以松散的微粒形式(例如粉末或浆液)插入的。 That is, the adsorbent material 50 has been inserted, but in a loose particulate form (e.g. powder or slurry) is inserted. 而且,在第一段的过滤材料40之内还可任选地分散有多个颗粒52或者其他包含调味剂的可碎裂或可破裂的胶囊。 Further, in the first segment 40 of the filter material may optionally have a plurality of dispersed particles 52 or other capsules comprising a flavoring agent may be chipped or broken. 在一些使用碳质材料作为吸附材料50的实施方式中,至少一部分碳质材料、通常事实上是全部碳质材料与有效量的多元醇酯(如三醋精)和多元醇(如丙二醇)的混合物密切接触。 In some carbonaceous material is used as the adsorbent 50 in the embodiment, at least a portion of the carbonaceous material, usually in fact all of the carbonaceous material with an effective amount of a polyhydric alcohol esters (e.g., triacetin) and polyol (e.g., propylene glycol) The mixture close contact. 需要时,滤嘴元件还可结合能改变从滤嘴元件通过的主流烟雾的性质的其他组件。 If desired, the filter element can also incorporate other components can alter the properties of the mainstream smoke through the filter element. 参见例如:Figlar等的美国专利申请公开2004/0237984 ;Schluter等的美国专利申请公开2005/0268925 ;Luan等的美国专利申请公开2006/0130861 ;Luan等的美国专利申请公开2006/0174899,这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 See for example: U.S. Patent Application Publication 2004/0237984 Figlar the like; and the like Schluter U.S. Patent Application Publication 2005/0268925; Luan et U.S. Patent Application Publication 2006/0130861; Luan et U.S. Patent Application Publication 2006/0174899, which are all incorporated herein by reference.

[0033] 滤嘴元件26还可具有相对于第一段32纵向设置的位于香烟10的口端尽头的第二滤嘴段36。 [0033] The filter element 26 may also be positioned with respect to the first segment 32 of the cigarette 10 longitudinally disposed opening side end of the second filter segment 36. 第二滤嘴段36包含过滤材料48 (例如浸渍有增塑剂如三醋精的乙酸纤维素丝束),该过滤材料沿着其纵向延伸表面用限定性接装纸材料28外包。 The second filter segment 36 includes filter material 48 (e.g. impregnated with a plasticizer such as triacetin cellulose acetate tow), the surface of the filter material extending longitudinally along its limiting tipping paper 28 laminate. 第二滤嘴段36可以基本不含吸附剂和可碎裂或可破裂的胶囊,这意味着对滤嘴元件26的口端尽头进行观察时看不到这些添加剂。 The second filter segment 36 may be substantially free of adsorbent and chipping or breakage of the capsule, which means that when these additives do not see the end of the outlet end of the filter element 26 was observed.

[0034] 滤嘴元件26沿着其外周或纵向外围由一层外部接装纸材料28限定。 [0034] The filter element 26 along an outer circumference or longitudinal periphery by the outer layer of tipping paper material 28 is defined. 外部接装纸材料28覆盖第一滤嘴段32和第二滤嘴段36,从而提供组合的两段式滤嘴元件。 External tipping paper material 28 covers the first filter segment 32 and a second filter segment 36, thereby providing a two-stage filter element combinations.

[0035] 使用水松纸材料46(例如基本不透气的水松纸)将滤嘴元件26与烟草棒12相连,水松纸材料限定滤嘴元件26和烟草棒12相邻区域的总体长度。 [0035] using tipping material 46 (e.g., essentially air impermeable tipping paper) 26 is connected to the filter element 12 and tobacco rod, the tipping paper material defines a region 12 adjacent to the overall length of the filter element 26 and tobacco rod. 使用合适的粘合剂将水松纸材料46的内表面固定于烟草棒的接装纸材料28的外表面以及烟草棒的包装材料16的外表面;从而将滤嘴元件和烟草棒互相连接。 And an outer surface of the packaging material 28 of the tobacco rod outer surface 16 using a suitable adhesive to the inner surface of the tipping material 46 is fixed to the tipping paper of the tobacco rod material; thereby interconnecting the filter element and the tobacco rod. 还可参见Dube等的美国专利公开2008/0029111中提出的水松纸材料和结构,该文献通过参考结合于此。 See also, U.S. Patent Publication Dube et tipping paper materials and structures proposed 2008/0029111, which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0036] 可以为通风的或空气稀释的抽烟制品提供任选的空气稀释机构,例如一系列穿孔30,它们各自延伸通过水松纸材料和接装纸材料。 [0036] may be provided as ventilation or air diluted smoking article optional air dilution means, such as a series of perforations 30, each of which extend through the tipping material and the tipping paper material. 如图1中所示,任选的穿孔30可以通过本领域普通技术人员已知的各种技术制造,例如激光穿孔技术。 As shown, the perforations 30 optionally can be known by those of ordinary skill in FIG. 1 for producing a variety of techniques, such as laser perforation techniques. 或者,可采用所谓离线空气稀释技术(例如,通过使用多孔纸的接装纸材料和预穿孔的水松纸)。 Alternatively, a so-called off-line air dilution techniques can be employed (e.g., through the use of porous paper plugwrap material and pre-perforated tipping paper). 对于空气稀释的或通风的香烟,空气稀释或通风的量或程度可以变化。 For air diluted or ventilated cigarettes, the amount or degree of air dilution or ventilation can vary. 对于空气稀释的香烟,空气稀释量通常大于约10%,一般大于约20%,经常大于约30%,有时候大于约40%。 For air diluted cigarette, the amount of air dilution is typically greater than about 10%, generally greater than about 20%, usually greater than about 30%, and sometimes greater than about 40%. 对于空气稀释的香烟,空气稀释的上限通常小于约80%,经常小于约70%。 For air diluted cigarette, air diluted upper limit is usually less than about 80%, often less than about 70%. 如本文所用,术语"空气稀释"是通过空气稀释机构吸入的空气体积相对于通过香烟吸入并离开香烟的口端部分尽头的空气和烟雾的总体积的比例(以百分数表示)。 As used herein, the term "air dilution" is the volume of air through the air intake means with respect to the dilution by the cigarette and exits the proportion of the total volume of the intake air and the smoke inlet end portion of the end of the cigarette (expressed as a percentage).

[0037]在使用过程中,吸烟者用火柴或打火机点燃香烟10的点燃端18。 [0037] During use, the smoker lights the cigarette with a match or lighter ignition end 18 10. 这样,可点燃抽吸的材料12开始燃烧。 Thus, the smokable material 12 begins to burn. 将香烟10的口端20放置在吸烟者的唇间。 The outlet end 20 of the cigarette 10 is placed in the lips of the smoker. 通过燃烧可点燃抽吸材料12产生的热分解产物(如烟草烟雾的组分)被吸入通过香烟10,通过滤嘴元件26,进入吸烟者口中。 Produced by burning smokable material 12 Thermal decomposition products (e.g., components of tobacco smoke) are drawn through the cigarette 10, through the filter element 26, into the mouth of the smoker. 在吸入过程中,通过滤嘴元件26之内的吸附材料50从主流烟雾除去或中和其中一定量的一些气相组分。 During inhalation, the filter element 26 through the adsorbent material 50 and removing some or amount of gas phase components from mainstream smoke. 结合有这些吸附材料50(例如碳质滤嘴组件(如活性炭颗粒))的滤嘴能够俘获广泛范围的主流烟草烟雾气相组分。 50 incorporating a filter (e.g., a carbonaceous filter assembly (e.g., activated carbon granules)) of these adsorbent material capable of capturing gas phase components of mainstream tobacco smoke in a wide range. 需要时,在进行吸烟之前、过程中或之后,吸烟者可任选地挤压滤嘴元件。 If desired, prior to smoking, during, or after, the smoker can optionally squeeze the filter element. 结果是,至少一部分保持未碎裂的任选的可碎裂胶囊发生碎裂,从而释放其中包含的调味剂颗粒52。 As a result, at least a part of the holding optionally fragmented disintegrative not chipping occurred capsule, thereby releasing the flavoring agent particles 52 contained therein.

[0038] 可以制造或形成其他滤嘴元件结构,而不偏离本发明的实施方式。 [0038] or may be made form other structures filter element, without departing from embodiments of the present invention. 例如,滤嘴元件26可包括超过两个如图2中所示的段。 For example, more than two segments as shown in FIG 2 may comprise a filter element 26 shown in FIG. 虽然很少优选,但是滤嘴元件26还可包括在两个过滤材料段之间形成的空腔,其中混合有吸附材料50和任选的调味剂52。 Although less preferred, but the filter element 26 may also include a cavity formed between the two sections of filter material, wherein the adsorbent material 50 optionally mixed with a flavoring agent and 52. 虽然优选避免在滤嘴的口端尽头设置包含吸附材料50和任选的调味剂52的滤嘴段,但是不一定要求将包含这些添加剂的滤嘴段设置在滤嘴的烟草端。 Although it is preferred to avoid the end of the filter at the mouth end of the adsorbent material 50 is provided optionally comprising filter segments 52 and flavoring agents, including but not necessarily require the tobacco end filter segment these additives provided in the filter. 相反,包含分散的添加剂的滤嘴段可以更为居中地位于滤嘴元件26之内,使一个或多个滤嘴段朝向不含添加剂的各端。 In contrast, the filter segment comprising the dispersed additives can be more centrally located within the filter element 26, the one or more filter segments toward each end without additives.

[0039] 各香烟10的尺寸可以变化。 [0039] The dimensions of the cigarette 10 can vary. 优选的香烟是棒形的,直径约7. 5毫米(例如周长约20-27毫米,经常约22. 5-25毫米);总长度约70-120毫米,经常约80-100毫米。 Preferred cigarettes are rod-shaped with a diameter of about 7.5 mm (e.g., circumferences of about 20-27 mm, often about 5-25 mm 22); overall length of about 70-120 mm, often about 80-100 mm. 滤嘴元件20的长度可以变化。 The length of the filter element 20 can vary. 滤嘴元件的总长度通常约15-40毫米,经常约20-35毫米。 The total length of the filter element is typically about 15-40 mm, often about 20-35 mm. 对于典型的双段式滤嘴元件,下游或口端滤嘴段的长度经常约10-20毫米;上游或烟草棒端滤嘴段长度经常约10-20毫米。 For a typical dual-segment filter element, length of the downstream or mouth end filter segment often about 10-20 mm; upstream or tobacco rod end filter segment length of about 10-20 mm often.

[0040] 需要时,可以在滤嘴元件26的一个或多个段中结合合适的催化化合物,例如用于将一氧化碳转化成二氧化碳。 [0040] If desired, suitable catalytic compounds in conjunction with one or more sections of filter elements 26, for example for the conversion of carbon monoxide to carbon dioxide. 示例性的催化剂包括贵金属(如银、金、铂)、金属氧化物、陶瓷、及其混合物。 Exemplary catalysts include noble metals (e.g., silver, gold, platinum), metal oxides, ceramics, and mixtures thereof.

[0041] 如图2中所示,可根据本发明形成的一种滤嘴元件26包括多个纵向延伸的段。 [0041] As shown in FIG. 2, element 26 may comprise a plurality of longitudinally extending segments in accordance with one form of the filter of the present invention. 各段可具有不同的性质,可包含能从主流烟雾过滤或者吸附微粒物质和/或气相化合物的不同材料。 Each segment may have different properties, from the mainstream smoke filter may comprise a different material or adsorbed particulate matter and / or gaseous phase compound. 本发明各方面的滤嘴元件通常包括2-6个段,通常2-4个段。 Aspects of the present invention generally comprises a filter element segments 2-6, usually 2-4 segments. 在一些情况中,滤嘴元件26可包括口端段和烟草端段,烟草端段包含分散的吸附材料50和调味剂52。 In some cases, the filter element 26 may comprise a tobacco end segment and the mouth end segment, the tobacco end section 50 comprising the dispersed adsorbent material 52, and flavoring agents.

[0042] 如图2中所示,滤嘴元件可结合吸附材料/微粒50。 As shown in Figure [0042] 2, the filter element may be bonded adsorbent material / particulate 50. 这些吸附材料50可以是具有较高表面积、能吸附烟雾成分但没有高度专一性的材料,或者是能以较高的专一性吸附一些化合物的材料,例如离子交换树脂。 The adsorbent material 50 may be a high surface area capable of adsorbing smoke constituents without a high degree of specificity material, or material capable of some compounds of high specific adsorption, such as ion exchange resins. 示例性种类的吸附材料可包括活性炭、分子筛(如沸石和碳分子筛)、粘土、离子交换树脂、活化的氧化铝、硅胶、海泡石、及其组合。 Exemplary classes of adsorbent materials may include activated carbon, molecular sieves (e.g., zeolites and carbon molecular sieves), clay, alumina, ion exchange resins, activated, silica gel, sepiolite, and combinations thereof. 可以使用能改变从滤嘴元件通过的主流烟雾的特性或性质的任何吸附材料或材料混合物。 Any adsorbent material, or mixture of materials may be used to change the mainstream smoke through the filter element from a characteristic or property.

[0043]示例性的离子交换树脂包含聚合物主链,例如苯乙烯-二乙烯基苯(DVB)共聚物、 丙烯酸酯、甲基丙烯酸酯、酚醛缩合物、表氯醇胺缩合物,以及多种与聚合物主链连接的带电荷的官能团,可以是弱碱性阴离子交换树脂或强碱性阴离子交换树脂。 [0043] An exemplary ion exchange resin comprises a polymer backbone, such as styrene - divinylbenzene (DVB) copolymers, acrylate, methacrylate, phenol condensates, epichlorohydrin-amine condensates, and a plurality charged functional group species attached to the polymer backbone, may be weakly basic anion exchange resin or strong basic anion exchange resin. 这些树脂的可商购例子包括从三菱化学公司(MitsubishiChemicalCorp.)得到的DIAI0N1®离子交换树月旨(如WA30和DCA11),从罗门哈斯公司(RohmandHaas)获得的DU0LITE酿离子交换树脂(如DU0LITE®A7),和从中国的大连萃卡化学公司(DalianTricoChemicalCo.ofChina) 获得的XORBEX树脂。 Examples of such commercially available resins include exchange resin February purpose (e.g., WA30 and DCA11) DIAI0N1® ions from Mitsubishi Chemical Corporation (MitsubishiChemicalCorp.) Obtained, DU0LITE stuffed ions available from Rohm and Haas Company (RohmandHaas) exchange resin (e.g. DU0LITE®A7), and XORBEX resin obtained from China's Dalian chemical company and Crafts card (DalianTricoChemicalCo.ofChina).

[0044] 优选的吸附剂是碳质材料,这是一种主要由碳组成的材料,优选的碳质材料事实上全部由碳组成。 [0044] The preferred adsorbent is a carbonaceous material, a material which is mainly composed of carbon, preferably all of the carbonaceous material in fact consists of carbon. 碳质材料的含碳量通常大于约85重量%,一般大于约90重量%,经常大于约95重量%,经常大于约98重量%。 The carbon content of the carbonaceous material is typically greater than about 85% by weight, generally greater than about 90 wt.%, Usually greater than about 95 wt.%, Usually greater than about 98 wt%. 碳质材料可以是木炭形式,但是更优选活性炭材料。 The carbonaceous material may be in the form of charcoal, but more preferably activated carbon material. 活性炭材料是高表面积材料。 Activated carbon materials are high surface area materials. 示例性的活性炭材料的表面积大于约200平方米/克,经常大于约1000平方米/克,经常大于约1500平方米/克,采用Brunaver,Emmet和Teller (BET)方法测定,如J.Amer.Chem.Soc.,第60卷第2期,第309-319页(1938)中所述。 Surface area of ​​the activated carbon material of example greater than about 200 m2 / g, usually greater than about 1000 m2 / g, usually greater than about 1500 m2 / g, using Brunaver, Emmet, and measured Teller (BET) method, as J.Amer. Chem. Soc., Vol. 60, No. 2, pp. in (1938) 309-319 a. 例如在以下文献中揭示了这些碳质材料的合适例子:White等的W0 2007/104908 ;Awty等的TO2007/093757;Fiebelkorn的TO2007/010249;Lee的TO2007/028957;Nunziata 等的TO2006/136950;Cashmore等的TO2006/103404;Branton等的TO2005/118133 ; Bhattacharyya等的TO2005/112670;Sampson等的W02005/082180;Branton等的W02005/023026;Bray等的W02004/095957;Grzonka的W02004/014161;Dittrich等的W02003/092416;Abhulimen等的TO2003/034847;Schlilter等的TO2003/051144 ; Abhulimen等的WO2003/034848;Bushby等的WO2001/041590 ;和Zhuang等的美国专利7370657。 Disclosed in the literature, for example, suitable examples of such carbonaceous materials: White like W0 2007/104908; Awty like TO2007 / 093757; Fiebelkorn of TO2007 / 010249; Lee's TO2007 / 028957; Nunziata like TO2006 / 136950; Cashmore etc. TO2006 / 103404; Branton like TO2005 / 118133; Bhattacharyya like TO2005 / 112670; Sampson like W02005 / 082180; Branton like W02005 / 023026; Bray like W02004 / 095957; Grzonka of W02004 / 014161; Dittrich, etc. W02003 / 092416; Abhulimen like TO2003 / 034847; Schlilter like TO2003 / 051144; Abhulimen like WO2003 / 034848; Bushby like WO2001 / 041590; and U.S. Patent No. 7,370,657 to Zhuang et.

[0045] 滤嘴元件26可结合有效量的吸附材料50,例如有效量的活性炭。 [0045] The filter element 26 may incorporate an effective amount of the adsorbent material 50, such as an effective amount of activated carbon. 有效量是结合到滤嘴元件26中时能够对结合有滤嘴元件26的香烟的主流烟雾提供所需的一定程度改变的量。 Effective amount is the amount bound to provide a degree of change required when the filter element 26 in the mainstream smoke of a cigarette incorporating a filter element 26 of FIG. 例如,结合有活性炭颗粒或细粒的香烟滤嘴元件能发挥降低从该滤嘴元件通过的主流烟雾的一些气相组分的产量的作用。 For example, a cigarette filter element incorporating activated carbon particles or granules can act to lower the yield of the role of some gas phase components from the mainstream smoke through the filter element. 按干重基准计,滤嘴元件之内的碳质材料或其他吸附剂的量通常至少约20毫克,经常至少约30毫克,经常至少约40毫克。 On a dry weight basis, the amount of carbonaceous material or other adsorbent within the filter element of generally at least about 20 mg, often at least about 30 mg, often at least about 40 mg. 按干重基准计,滤嘴元件之内的碳质材料或其他吸附材料50的量通常不超过约500毫克,一般不超过约400毫克,经常不超过约300毫克,经常不超过约200毫克。 An amount on a dry weight basis, of the carbonaceous material within the filter element 50 or other adsorbent material is typically no more than about 500 mg, typically no more than about 400 mg, often does not exceed about 300 mg, often does not exceed about 200 mg.

[0046] 碳质材料可以从合成或天然来源得到。 [0046] The carbonaceous material may be derived from synthetic or natural origin. 人造丝或尼龙之类的材料可以碳化,然后用氧处理,提供活化的碳质材料。 Rayon or nylon can be carbonized materials like, and then treated with oxygen to provide activated carbonaceous materials. 木材和椰壳之类的材料可以碳化,然后用氧处理,提供活化的碳质材料。 Wood and coconut shells can be carbonized materials like, and then treated with oxygen to provide activated carbonaceous materials. 碳活性的水平可以变化。 Carbon activity level may vary. 碳通常具有约60-150四氯化碳活性(S卩,四氯化碳吸收重量百分数)的活性。 Typically active carbon having a carbon tetrachloride activity of about 60-150 (S Jie, carbon tetrachloride absorption weight percent). 优选的碳质材料通过碳化或热解以下物质提供:烟煤、烟草材料、 软木衆、硬木衆、椰壳、杏仁壳、葡萄籽、胡桃壳、澳大利亚坚果(macadamia)壳、木棉纤维、棉纤维、棉绒等。 The preferred carbonaceous material is provided by carbonization or pyrolysis of the following materials: bituminous coal, tobacco material, softwood all, all hardwood, coconut shells, almond shells, grape seeds, walnut shells, macadamia (Macadamia) shells, kapok fibers, cotton fibers, lint and so on. 合适的碳质材料的例子是活化的基于椰壳的碳,例如从卡尔工公司(Calgon Corp.)获得的PCB和GRC-11或从PICA获得的G277 ;基于煤的碳,例如从卡尔工公司获得的S-Sorb、Sorbite、BPL、CRC_11F、FCA和SGL;基于木材的碳,例如从西维卡公司(Westvaco) 获得的WV-B、SA-20和BSA-20 ;碳质材料,例如从卡尔工公司获得的HMC、ASC/GR-1和SC II,从罗门哈斯公司获得的WitcoCarbonNo. 637、AMBERS0RB572 或AMBERS0RB563树脂;以及从卓越系统有限公司(ProminentSystems,Inc.)获得的各种活性炭材料。 Examples of suitable carbonaceous materials are coconut shell based activated carbon, such as a PCB available from Carl and Industrial (Calgon Corp.) and GRC-11 or obtained from PICA G277; coal-based carbon, for example, from Karl and Industrial obtained S-Sorb, Sorbite, BPL, CRC_11F, FCA and SGL; wood-based carbon, for example, WV-B available from Civica Corporation (Westvaco), SA-20 and BSA-20; carbonaceous material, such as from Carr and industrial obtained HMC, ASC / GR-1 and SC II, WitcoCarbonNo 637, AMBERS0RB572 or AMBERS0RB563 resin available from Rohm and Haas;., and the activated carbon obtained from a variety of excellent systems Ltd. (ProminentSystems, Inc.) material. 在以下文献中描述了其他碳质材料:White等的美国专利4771795 ; Other carbonaceous materials are described in the following documents: U.S. Patent No. 4,771,795 to White et al;

[0047]Clearman等的美国专利5027837;欧洲专利申请236922、419733 和419981。 U.S. Patent No. [0047] Clearman like 5,027,837; European Patent Applications 236922,419733 and 419981.

[0048] 优选的碳质材料是例如从以下来源获得的椰壳类活性炭:卡尔工碳公司(Calgon CarbonCorporation),GC公司(GowrishankarChemicals),活性碳公司(Carbon ActivatedCorp.),通用碳公司(GeneralCarbonCorp.)。 [0048] Preferably the carbonaceous material is obtained, for example, coconut shell based activated carbon from the following sources: (. Carbon ActivatedCorp) Karl Engineering Carbon (Calgon CarbonCorporation), GC Corporation (GowrishankarChemicals), activated carbon, General Carbon (GeneralCarbonCorp. ). 还可参见例如《活性炭纲要(ActivatedCarbonCompendium)》,Marsh(编纂)(2001),该文献通过参考结合于此。 See also, e.g., "Outline of activated carbon (ActivatedCarbonCompendium)", Marsh (compilation) (2001), which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0049] 一些碳质材料可以浸渍有例如以下的物质:过渡金属(如银、金、铜、铂和钯),纳米颗粒,碳酸氢钾,烟草提取物,聚吖丙啶,二氧化锰,丁子香酚,和4-酮基壬酸。 [0049] Some carbonaceous material may be impregnated with, for example, the following materials: a transition metal (such as silver, gold, copper, platinum and palladium), nanoparticles, potassium bicarbonate, tobacco extracts, polyethyleneimine, manganese dioxide, eugenol, and 4-keto-nonanoic acid. 碳复合物还可包含一种或多种填料,例如粗粒小麦粉(semolina)。 Carbon composite may further comprise one or more fillers, such as semolina flour (semolina). 葡萄籽提取物也可结合在滤嘴元件20中作为自由基清除剂。 Grape seed extract can also be incorporated in the filter element 20 as a radical scavenger. 烧结的或发泡的碳材料(参见例如Haftka等的美国专利7049382) 或聚集的网状物(参见例如Robinson等的美国专利申请公开2008/0092912,和Coleman, III等的美国专利申请公开2007/0056600)可以是用于将吸附材料50结合在滤嘴元件20 中的其他选项。 (See, e.g. U.S. Patent No. 7,049,382 and the like Haftka) sintered or foamed carbon material aggregated or mesh (see Robinson et al. U.S. Patent Application Publication 2008/0092912, for example, and Coleman, III et al, U.S. Patent Application Publication 2007 / 0,056,600) may be used for other options adsorbent material 50 incorporated in the filter element 20.

[0050] 在以下文献中提出了适合用于结合到香烟滤嘴中的各种木炭和活性炭材料,各种其他滤嘴元件组分材料,各种香烟滤嘴元件结构和形式,以及用于将碳质材料结合到香烟滤嘴元件中的各种方式和方法:Berger等的美国专利3217715 ;Berger等的美国专利3648711;Sexstone的美国专利3957563;Hall的美国专利4174720;Neukomm的美国专利4201234;Lebert的美国专利4223597;Perfetti等的美国专利5137034;Blakley等的美国专利5360023 ;Gentry等的美国专利5568819 ;Arterbery等的美国专利5622190 ; Veluz的美国专利6537186 ;Xue等的美国专利6584979Jupe等的美国专利6761174 ; PaineIII的美国专利6789547 ;Bereman的美国专利6789548Jupe等的美国专利申请公开2002/0166563 ;Xue等的美国专利申请公开2002/0020420 ;Xue等的美国专利申请公开2003/0200973 ;Paine等的美国专利申请公开2003/0154993 ;Xue等的美国专利申请公开2003/0168070 ;Zhuang等的美国专 [0050] proposed in the literature are suitable for incorporation into a variety of charcoal and activated carbon material in cigarette filters, various other filter element component materials, various forms of cigarette filter elements and structures, and for the carbonaceous material is incorporated into various ways and a cigarette filter elements: U.S. Patent No. 3,217,715 to Berger et al; U.S. Patent No. 3,648,711 to Berger et al; U.S. Patent No. 3,957,563 of Sexstone; Hall, U.S. Patent No. 4,174,720; U.S. Patent Neukomm of 4201234; Lebert U.S. Patent No. 4,223,597; U.S. Patent Perfetti like 5,137,034; U.S. Patent Blakley like 5,360,023; U.S. Patent Gentry like 5,568,819; U.S. Patent Arterbery like 5,622,190; U.S. Patent Veluz of 6537186; Xue et U.S. Patent 6584979Jupe like U.S. Patent No. 6,761,174 ; U.S. Patent PaineIII of 6789547; Bereman U.S. Patent 6789548Jupe etc. U.S. Patent application Publication 2002/0166563; U.S. Patent application Publication 2002/0020420 to Xue et; Xue et al. U.S. Patent application Publication 2003/0200973; Paine et U.S. Patent application 2003/0154993; Xue et al. U.S. Patent application Publication 2003/0168070; Zhuang like U.S. 利申请公开2004/0194792 ;Yang等的美国专利申请公开2004/0226569 ;Figlar等的美国专利申请公开2004/0237984 ;Luan等的美国专利申请公开2005/0133051 ;Buhl等的美国专利申请公开2005/0049128 ;Crooks等的美国专利申请公开2005/0066984 ;Luan等的美国专利申请公开2006/0144410 ;Paine,III等的美国专利申请公开2006/0180164 ;Coleman,III等的美国专利申请公开2007/0056600 ;White的欧洲专利申请579410;Banerjea等的PCTW02006/064371 ;这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 Patent Application Publication 2004/0194792; U.S. Patent Application Publication 2004/0226569 to Yang et al; U.S. Patent Application Publication Figlar like 2004/0237984; Luan et U.S. Patent Application Publication 2005/0133051; U.S. Patent Application Publication 2005/0049128 and the like Buhl ; Crooks et al, U.S. Patent application Publication 2005/0066984; Luan et U.S. Patent application Publication 2006/0144410; Paine, III et al, U.S. Patent application Publication 2006/0180164; Coleman, III et al, U.S. Patent application Publication 2007/0056600; White European Patent application 579410; Banerjea like PCTW02006 / 064371; these references are incorporated herein by reference. 可以从以下来源获得具有结合了碳质材料的滤嘴元件的代表性种类的香烟:从佛罗里达州的菲力普莫瑞斯有限公司(PhilipMorrisInc.)获得"Benson&HedgesMultifilter",在2〇Of5 年期间作为菲力普莫瑞斯有限公司的试销品牌称为"MarlboroUltraSmooth",从日本烟草公司(JapanTobaccoInc.)获得的"MildSeven"。 Cigarettes can be obtained with a combination of the filter element of the carbonaceous material of the type of representation from the following sources: get "Benson & HedgesMultifilter" Philip Morris from Florida Limited (PhilipMorrisInc.), During the 2〇Of5 As Philip Morris Limited test market brand known as "MarlboroUltraSmooth", obtained from Japan tobacco Inc. (JapanTobaccoInc.) "MildSeven".

[0051] 根据上述将碳质材料的松散微粒或细粒作为松散粉末或浆液插入滤嘴元件中所发生的可能是不一致、造成浪费、效率低下和/或"杂乱"的问题,本发明的一个方面如图3A-3D中所示,包括在将得到的组合件插入滤嘴元件26(在对其进行纵向隔断以形成多个滤嘴元件26之前为连续的滤嘴棒)中之前,使吸附材料50与载体材料55接合。 [0051] The carbonaceous material of loose particles or granules as loose powder or slurry may be inconsistent insertion occurring in the filter element according wasteful, inefficient, and / or "clutter" problem, the present invention aspect shown in FIG. 3A-3D, the insertion assembly comprising a filter element 26 is obtained (before blocking them longitudinally to form a plurality of filter elements 26 a continuous filter rod) prior to the adsorption material 50 bonded with the carrier material 55. 选择合适的载体材料55以便例如通过更有效和高效地将"空腔"吸附材料50插入滤嘴元件26中从而改进生产。 Suitable carrier materials are selected for example to 55 to improve the production of more effective and efficient by the "cavities" adsorbent material 50 is inserted into the filter element 26. 即,在将其插入滤嘴元件26中的时候,吸附材料50由载体材料55承载。 That is, when the insert 26 when the filter element, 5055 adsorbent material carried by a carrier material. 在一些实施方式中,载体材料55可以是例如以下的形式:丸粒(图3A),胶囊(图3B),管(图3C), 连续的伸长结构,能接受和"保持俘获"吸附材料50的连续条带、绞股等(图3D),从而便于以更清洁、更有效的方式将其插入滤嘴元件26中。 In some embodiments, the carrier material 55 may be, for example, the following forms: pellets (FIG. 3A), the capsule (FIG. 3B), the tube (Fig. 3C), a continuous elongated structure, and can accept "hold captured" adsorbent continuous strip, like strands 50 (FIG. 3D), in order to facilitate a cleaner, more efficient way to insert the filter element 26. 在一些实施方式中,可以将单个或多个形式的载体材料55插入滤嘴元件26中。 In some embodiments, the form may be a single or a plurality of the carrier material 55 is inserted into the filter element 26. 例如按照各方面,可以将单个或多个胶囊、管、丸粒等或其组合插入滤嘴元件26中。 For example, according to various aspects, may be a single or a plurality of capsules, tubes, pellets, etc., or combinations thereof inserted into the filter element 26.

[0052] 在一些情况中,载体材料55可包含基质材料,例如聚合物材料,基质材料可以用吸附材料50浸渍(S卩,可以将吸附材料50悬浮在基质材料中,或者被基质材料固定),因此, 基质材料可以承载着吸附材料50进入滤嘴元件26中。 [0052] In some cases, the carrier material 55 may comprise a matrix material, such as a polymer material, the matrix material can be impregnated with the adsorbent material 50 (S Jie, adsorbent material 50 may be suspended in a matrix material, the matrix material or is fixed) Therefore, the matrix material may be carrying the adsorbent material 50 into the filter element 26. 例如,在一些实施方式中,基质材料可包含高密度或低密度聚合物材料,例如聚乙烯或聚丙烯,基质材料用吸附材料50浸渍, 或者基质材料具有吸附材料50,例如,基质材料中分散有碳质材料(如活性炭、木炭)。 For example, in some embodiments, the matrix material may comprise a high or low density polymeric material such as polyethylene or polypropylene, the matrix material 50 impregnated with the adsorbent or adsorbent material 50 having a matrix material, e.g., a matrix material is dispersed carbonaceous material (such as activated carbon, charcoal). 优选吸附材料50比较均匀地分散,但是这种均匀分散可能不是绝对必需的。 Adsorbent material 50 is preferably relatively uniformly dispersed uniformly dispersed but such may not be absolutely necessary. 在载体材料55作为管状或胶囊元件形成的实施方式中,可以将吸附材料50插入管状或胶囊元件中,使得在将其插入滤嘴元件26中的时候其中包含有吸附材料。 In an embodiment the carrier material 55 as a capsule or a tubular member formed, the adsorbent material 50 may be inserted into the tubular element or capsule, so that it is inserted into the filter element 26 when the adsorbent material contained therein. 在将载体材料55成形为连续的伸长结构的实施方式中,吸附材料50可以与该连续的伸长结构接合、接触或以其他方式相互作用,从而能将吸附材料50承载到滤嘴元件26中。 In the embodiment of the carrier material 55 forming a continuous elongated structure, the adsorbent material 50 may be engaged with the continuous elongated structure, the contact or otherwise interact, thereby capable of carrying the adsorbent material 50 into the filter element 26 in. 在将载体材料55成形为连续条带的实施方式中,该连续条带可以在长度方向包裹在吸附材料50的周围,从而在将吸附材料50包含在其中(即,类似于"管"),用于插入滤嘴元件26中。 In the embodiment of the carrier material 55 forming a continuous strip, the continuous strip can be wrapped around the adsorbent material in the longitudinal direction 50, so that the adsorbent material 50 contained therein (i.e., similar to the "tube"), 26 for insertion of the filter element.

[0053]因此,载体材料55可以具有能一般表征为吸附材料50的容器或俘获载体的形式, 与一些现有技术方法中吸烟制品的滤嘴元件26之内插入的松散粉末状、细粒或微粒形式的吸附材料50相比,在本发明中,载体材料以比较稳固的方式固定吸附材料,从而能够经由载体材料55以俘获的方式将吸附材料50递送到滤嘴元件/棒26中。 [0053] Accordingly, the carrier material 55 may have a generally characterized as capable of adsorbing or trapping material 50 of the container carrier, the insertion of the filter element 26 with some prior art methods smoking article loose powder, granules or 50 as compared to the adsorbent material in particulate form, in the present invention, the support material relatively stable fixed adsorbent, the carrier material 55 can be delivered to capture manner through the adsorbent material into the filter element 50/26 bars. 因此,与将松散的粉末状吸附材料50或其浆液形式引入滤嘴元件26中相比,能够以"更清洁"而且更协调和高效的方式将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入或结合到滤嘴元件26中,因为吸附材料50是保持"俘获"的,减少了以下情况的发生:粉尘、泄漏、溢出、污染、交叉污染等。 Accordingly, the loose powdered adsorbent is introduced as a slurry 50 or 26 as compared to the filter element, it can be "cleaner" and more coordinated and efficient manner the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50 or 55 is inserted into the binding the filter element 26, since the adsorbent material 50 is held "captured", reducing the occurrence of the following: dust, leakage, overflow, contamination, cross-contamination. 而这些益处可转化成例如减少维护保养,更快的过程,更高的效率和/或更协调地递送吸附材料50,以及提高安全性。 These benefits can be converted into, for example, to reduce maintenance, the process faster, more efficient and / or more coordinated delivery of adsorbent material 50, and improve security. 而且,能够容易地以任何适于促进将其插入单独的滤嘴元件26中的方式对载体材料55进行设置。 Further, it is possible to easily facilitate insertion of the individual embodiment of the filter element 26 of the carrier material 55 is provided in any suitable. 其他优点包括进行以下操作的吸附材料的测定尺寸和/ 或量保持一致:引入、部分设置、沉积在吸烟制品的滤嘴元件的过滤材料中,与该过滤材料紧密放置,在该过滤材料中居中,设置在该过滤材料之内,基本延伸通过该过滤材料,或以其他方式与该过滤材料接合。 Other advantages include measuring the size of the adsorbent material of the following operations and / or amount consistent: introduction portion is provided, the filter material deposited on the filter element of a smoking article, the filter material is placed closely to, centered in the filter material disposed within the filter material, the filter material extending through the base, or otherwise engaged with the filter material. 在一些情况中,凝胶型物质或其他合适物质之类的基质材料可包含(但是不一定要通过浸渍)吸附材料50,该吸附材料的形式能够结合到单独的滤嘴元件26之内。 In some cases, the matrix material is a gel-type material or other such suitable materials may include (but not necessarily by immersion) 50, in the form of the adsorbent can be incorporated into a single filter element 26 within the adsorbent. 在其他情况中,承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55可包含绞股、条带或其他伸长结构,用于形成能插入滤嘴条和/或滤嘴元件26中的单独部分。 In other cases, the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, 55 may comprise strands, strips or other elongate structures, for forming a filter rod can be inserted and / or separate portions of the filter element 26.

[0054] 在一些情况中,载体材料55可以是丸粒的形式。 [0054] In some cases, the carrier material 55 may be in the form of pellets. 在这种情况中,可使用例如以下的装置生产丸粒:来自维克多公司(VectorCorporation)的FL-M系列制粒机(如FL-M-3), 以及来自阿力克桑顿维克有限公司(Alexanderverk,Inc.)的WP120V和WP200VN。 In this case, for example, may be used in the apparatus for producing pellets: FL-M Series granulator from Victor Company (VectorCorporation) (e.g. FL-M-3), and from a limited Wick A LECTRA Thornton company (Alexanderverk, Inc.) of WP120V and WP200VN. 示例性的压缩装置如压缩机包括:来自维克多公司的Colton2216和Colton2247,以及来自弗特压塑公司(FetteCompacting)的1200i,2200i,3200, 2090, 3090 和4090。 Exemplary compressor compression apparatus comprising: from Victor Company Colton2216 and Colton2247, and compression molding from Calvert Corporation (FetteCompacting) of 1200i, 2200i, 3200, 2090, 3090 and 4090. 用于为压缩制粒制剂提供外涂层的装置包括来自汤姆斯工程公司(ThomasEngineering)的CompuLab24, CompuLab36,Accela_Cota48 和Accela_Cota60。 Means for providing an outer coating is a compressed granulation formulation comprising CompuLab24 from Thomas Engineering (ThomasEngineering) of, CompuLab36, Accela_Cota48 and Accela_Cota60.

[0055]可以采用多种挤出技术制造丸粒。 [0055] The various extrusion techniques may be employed for producing pellets. 例如,可以采用共挤出技术(例如使用双螺杆挤出机)制造这些丸粒。 For example, a co-extrusion techniques (e.g., using a twin-screw extruder) for producing the pellets. 在这种情况中,可以将连续的一种或多种干或湿的组分或组分混合物放置在分开的挤出料斗之内。 In this case, a plurality of successive wet or dry component or mixture of components or may be placed in separate hoppers of the extruder. 在对各干混物进行推进、塑化和蒸煮时,可以向挤出机筒中注入蒸汽、气体(如氨、空气、二氧化碳等)和保湿剂(如甘油或丙二醇)。 When the respective propulsion for dry blend, plasticized and cooking, steam can be injected, a gas (e.g., ammonia, air, carbon dioxide, etc.) and humectants (such as glycerol or propylene glycol) was added to the extruder barrel. 这样,对各组分进行加工,充分混合,从而使其互相完全接触。 Thus, for each processing component, mixed well, so that it is completely in contact with each other. 例如,组分的接触使得单独的组分(如吸附材料或调味剂)能良好地嵌入挤出基质或挤出物中。 For example, the contact component such that the individual components (e.g., flavoring agent or adsorbent) can be well embedded in the matrix or extruding the extrudate. 参见例如Toft等的美国专利4821749,该文献通过参考结合于此。 See, for example, U.S. Patent No. 4,821,749 to Toft et al., Which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0056] 承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55可以结合在空腔滤嘴的一个段之内(例如,作为三段式滤嘴元件的中央空腔区域之内的丸粒)。 [0056] 50 carrying the adsorbent material carrier material 55 may be incorporated within a segment of a cavity filter (e.g., within the central cavity region of a three-element filter of the pellets). 或者,承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55可以分散在纤维状过滤材料之内(例如,作为在整个过滤丝束或聚集的非织造网状物材料中分散的丸粒)作为纵向多段式的滤嘴元件的一个段(例如两段式滤嘴元件)。 Alternatively, the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, 55 may be dispersed within the fibrous filter materials (e.g., a nonwoven web dispersed throughout the filter tow material in pellet or aggregation) as a multi-stage longitudinal filtrate a segment (e.g., two-stage filter element) of the spout element.

[0057] 根据本发明的另一个方面,将载体材料55/吸附材料50组合件插入滤嘴元件26 (或连续的滤嘴棒)中之后,吸附材料50可以从载体材料55释放,进入过滤材料中。 [0057] According to another aspect of the present invention, the carrier material 55 / adsorbent material 50 is inserted into the filter element assembly 26 (or a continuous filter rod) after the adsorbent material 50 may be released from the carrier material 55, into the filter material in. 例如, 载体材料55可以溶解、分解、降解,或以其他方式在原位被破坏,从而将吸附材料50释放和/或分散到滤嘴元件26中,或以其他方式有效暴露吸附材料50到滤嘴元件26中,使得吸附材料50能对通过滤嘴元件26吸入的主流烟雾产生所需的效果。 For example, the carrier material 55 may dissolve, decompose, degrade, or otherwise be destroyed in situ so as to release 50 and / or dispersed in the filter element 26, or otherwise effective exposure 50 to the adsorbent material the adsorbent was filtered off nozzle element 26, such that the adsorbent material 50 to produce the desired effect of suction through the filter element 26 mainstream smoke. 因此,代表性的香烟滤嘴元件26可以在该滤嘴元件的至少一个组件或段中包含吸附材料50,这种方式足以影响在滤嘴元件26之内除去主流烟雾气相的效果。 Thus, typical cigarette filter element 26 may comprise adsorbent material 50 in at least one component or segment of the filter element, in such a manner sufficient to affect the filter elements 26 of the mainstream smoke gas phase removal effect.

[0058]例如,当吸附材料50包含碳质材料时,该碳质材料(或任意其他合适的吸附剂)的湿含量可以变化。 [0058] For example, when the adsorbent material 50 comprising a carbonaceous material, the carbonaceous material (or any other suitable adsorbents) moisture content can vary. 在使用结合有滤嘴元件的香烟之前,以碳质材料和湿气的合并重量为基准计,该滤嘴元件之内碳质材料或其他吸附剂的湿含量小于约30%,经常小于约25%,经常小于约20%。 Prior to use in combination with a cigarette filter element, to the combined weight of the carbonaceous material and moisture based on the weight of the moisture content of the filter element of the carbonaceous material or other adsorbent is less than about 30%, often less than about 25 %, often less than about 20%. 在使用结合有滤嘴元件的香烟之前,以碳质材料和水分的合并重量为基准计, 该滤嘴元件之内碳质材料或其他吸附剂的湿含量大于约3%,经常大于约5%,经常大于约8%〇 Prior to use in combination with a cigarette filter element, to the combined weight of the carbonaceous material and moisture based on the weight of the moisture content of the filter element of the carbonaceous material or other adsorbent than about 3%, usually greater than about 5% , usually greater than about 8% billion

[0059] 在一些情况中,除了吸附材料50之外,还可以在载体材料55之内或其上浸渍、或悬浮、或包含任选的调味剂。 [0059] In some cases, in addition to the adsorbent material than 50, or it may also be impregnated, or suspended within the carrier material 55, optionally containing or flavoring agents. 即,载体材料55可将吸附材料50和任选的调味剂承载到滤嘴元件26中。 That is, the carrier material may be adsorbent material 55 and the optional flavoring agent 50 into the filter carrier element 26. 由此可降低用于形成滤嘴元件26和/或吸烟制品的过程的复杂性。 26 can be reduced thereby be used to form and / or complexity of the process of smoking article filter element. 例如,在一些实施方式中,载体材料55可包含浸渍有吸附材料50和任选的调味剂的聚合物基质材料,所述吸附材料是例如碳质材料。 For example, in some embodiments, the carrier material 55 may comprise a polymer matrix material impregnated with the adsorbent material 50 and the optional flavoring agent, for example, the adsorbent material is a carbonaceous material. 因此,只需要单独的插入装置/步骤就能插入吸附材料50和任选的调味剂,而不需要使用多个插入装置/步骤来将吸附材料50和任选的调味剂(BP,以可破裂的胶囊的形式)插入滤嘴元件26中。 Thus, only the means / step requires a separate insert the adsorbent material 50 can be inserted and optionally flavoring agents, without the need to use multiple insertion devices / steps to the adsorbent material 50 and the optional flavoring agents (on BP, to rupturable in the form of capsules) into the filter element 26.

[0060] 在本发明的其他实施方式中,在具有或不具有载体材料55的情况下,吸附材料50 可以作为球体、丸粒、胶囊、管或其他结构化的物体形成。 [0060] In other embodiments of the present invention, with or without a carrier material of the case 55, the adsorbent material 50 may be formed as spheres, pellets, capsules, tubes or other structural objects. 例如,可以采用多种挤出技术制造丸粒。 For example, using a variety of extrusion techniques for producing pellets. 例如,这些丸粒可以采用共挤出技术(例如使用双螺杆挤出机)制造。 For example, the pellets may employ coextrusion techniques (e.g., using a twin screw extruder) for producing. 例如,可以形成球形碳物体,从而能更容易地插入过滤材料(如乙酸纤维素丝束)中。 For example, carbon may be formed in a spherical object, which can be more easily inserted into the filter material (e.g. cellulose acetate tow) in. 在一些情况中,可以通过向吸附材料物体施用例如食品级虫胶、乙基纤维素、任何合适的疏水性涂层、或静电施用的材料,为刚形成的吸附材料50提供"外壳"形式的载体材料55。 In some cases, it can be administered to, for example, food-grade shellac adsorbent object, ethylcellulose, any suitable hydrophobic coating, or electrostatic administration material, the adsorbent material is provided newly formed "shell" form of 50 the carrier material 55. 这样得到的物体可采用本领域中公知的物体插入装置进行插入,例如用于插入可破裂的含调味剂的胶囊的装置。 This object can be obtained in such art known apparatus for inserting objects into, for example, a capsule device containing a flavoring agent rupturable for insertion. 因此本领域普通技术人员将会理解,可以按类似的方式插入球体、胶囊或其他形式的吸附材料50 (以及其中载体材料55承载吸附材料50的实施方式)。 Thus one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate, the ball can be inserted into the adsorbent material, or other forms of capsule 50 (and wherein the carrier material 55 carrying the adsorbent material 50 in the embodiment) in a similar manner. 在这些实施方式中,例如可以将一种或多种球形碳物体设置在吸烟制品的过滤材料之内。 In these embodiments, for example, one or more objects arranged in the spherical carbon filter material of the smoking article. 这些物体作为球体、丸粒、 管等形成,可以在过滤材料中提供浓缩形式的吸附材料50。 These objects as spheres, pellets, tubes or the like, may be provided in concentrated form, the adsorbent material in the filter material 50. 这样,包含该物体的颗粒可能必须释放和/或分散到滤嘴元件26中,或者以其他方式暴露于滤嘴元件26,以提供所需的效果。 Thus, particles comprising the object may have to be released and / or dispersed into the filter element 26, or otherwise exposed to the filter element 26, to provide the desired effect. 例如,在将该物体原位设置在滤嘴元件26中的时候,可采用一种作用力(物理的、声波或其他)使包含该物体的吸附材料50和/或载体材料55破裂、断裂、碎裂、降解或分解,从而将吸附材料50分散或释放到滤嘴元件26中。 When, for example, is provided in the object in situ filter element 26 may employ one kind of force (physical, acoustic or other) contacting the adsorbent material comprising the object 50 and / or support material 55 are cracked, broken, fragmentation, degradation or decomposition, so that the adsorbent material 50 is dispersed or released into the filter element 26. 这个步骤可以在已经将该物体插入过滤材料中之后的任何时间点发生。 This step may occur at any point in time after the object has been inserted into the filter material. 即,可以在制造过程的后期采用这个步骤,例如制造了整个吸烟制品之后。 That is, this step may be used later in the manufacturing process, for example after the manufacture of the entire smoking article. 在其他情况中,该步骤可以在将该物体插入滤嘴棒中之后直接发生。 Occur directly after the other cases, this step may be inserted into the filter rod at the object.

[0061] 胶囊的尺寸和重量可以变化。 [0061] The capsules may vary in size and weight. 一些种类的胶囊通常是球形的。 Some types of capsules are generally spherical. 但是,合适的胶囊可以具有其他种类的形状,例如一般为直线形、长方形、椭圆形或卵形。 However, suitable capsules may have other kinds of shapes, for example, generally straight, oblong, elliptical or oval. 示例的一般为球形的胶囊的直径小于约3. 5毫米,一般小于约1. 5毫米,经常小于约1毫米,经常小于约0. 5 毫米。 An example of the capsule is generally spherical diameter less than about 3.5 mm, generally less than about 1.5 mm, often less than about 1 mm, often less than about 0.5 mm. 例如,可以采用几种胶囊,这些胶囊的直径可以约为0.25-2毫米。 For example, several capsules may be used, the diameter of these capsules may be about 0.25 mm. 还可以在滤嘴元件之内结合多种非常小的胶囊,通常称为"微胶囊"(参见例如可以从Euracli获得的多种微胶囊化选项,微胶囊保护活性成分以免发生氧化、变湿等,通过施加精确机械动作使膜破裂或者通过延迟的透膜扩散产生延时效果,使得活性成分在所需时刻释放),其中这些微囊在一些情况中通过适当粘结剂材料以粘着的方式保持在一起。 May also be incorporated within the filter element of the plurality of very small capsules, commonly referred to as "microcapsule" (see, for example, a variety of microencapsulated options available from Euracli, the microcapsules protect the active ingredient in order to avoid oxidation, wet, etc. by applying mechanical action to make accurate rupture or delay effect is produced by the delayed diffusion-permeable membrane, such that the active ingredient is released at a desired time), wherein the microcapsules in some cases by a suitable adhesive binder material in a manner to maintain together. 滤嘴之内包含的胶囊的总重量可以变化,但是通常大于约10毫克,经常大于约20毫克,可以大于约30毫克。 The total weight of the capsules contained within the filter may vary, but is typically greater than about 10 mg, often greater than about 20 mg, may be greater than about 30 milligrams. 胶囊的总重量通常小于约200毫克,经常小于约100毫克,可以小于50毫克。 The total weight of the capsule is generally less than about 200 mg, often less than about 100 milligrams, it may be less than 50 mg.

[0062] 在滤嘴元件中结合的胶囊的数量可以变化,这取决于例如以下的因素:胶囊的尺寸,有效载荷的特性或性质(即,吸附材料和/或任选的调味剂),胶囊在滤嘴元件之内的位置等。 [0062] The number of capsules incorporated in the filter element can vary, depending on factors such as: the nature or characteristics of the capsule size, the payload (i.e., adsorbent material and / or optional flavorings), capsules location of the element within the filter. 在滤嘴元件的相关区域之内结合的胶囊的数量可以大于约5,可以大于约10,可以大于约20,可以大于约40,可以甚至大于约100。 The number of capsules incorporated in the region of the filter element may be greater than about 5, greater than about 10, greater than about 20, may be greater than about 40, may be even greater than about 100. 在一些实施方式中,胶囊的数量可以大于约500,甚至大于约1000。 In some embodiments, the number of capsules may be greater than about 500, or even greater than about 1000. 在一些实施方式中,胶囊的数量较多是有利的,因为这样能为吸烟者提供对有效载荷的吸烟影响性质的更尚的控制。 In some embodiments, the number of the capsule is more advantageous because it provides control over the nature of the payload of the effects of smoking for smokers still more.

[0063] 本发明的滤嘴元件可以结合到以下文献中提出的各种香烟之内:Clearman等的美国专利4756318 ;Banerjea等的美国专利4714082 ;White等的美国专利4771795 ; Sensabaugh等的美国专利4793365 ;Clearman等的美国专利4989619 ;Clearman等的美国专利4917128 ;Korte的美国专利4961438 ;Serrano等的美国专利4966171 ;Bale等的美国专利4969476 ;Serrano等的美国专利4991606 ; [0063] The filter element according to the present invention may be incorporated into a variety of cigarette proposed in the literature of the following: U.S. Patent No. 4,756,318 to Clearman the like; Banerjea U.S. Patent No. 4,714,082 and the like; U.S. Patent No. 4,771,795 to White et al; U.S. Patent No. 4,793,365 and the like Sensabaugh ; Clearman U.S. Patent No. 4,989,619 and the like; and the like Clearman U.S. Patent No. 4917128; Korte U.S. Patent No. 4,961,438; U.S. Patent No. 4,966,171 to Serrano et al; U.S. Patent 4,969,476 Bale like; U.S. Patent No. 4,991,606 to Serrano et al;

[0064]Farrier等的美国专利5020548;Shannon等的美国专利5027836;Clearman等的美国专利5033483 ;Schlatter等的美国专利5040551 ;Creighton等的美国专利5050621 ; Baker等的美国专利5052413 ;Lawson的美国专利5065776 ;Nystrom等的美国专利5076296;Farrier等的美国专利5076297;Clearman等的美国专利5099861;Drewett等的美国专利5105835 ;Barnes等的美国专利5105837 ;Hauser等的美国专利5115820;Best 等的美国专利5148821 ;Hayward等的美国专利5159940 ;Riggs等的美国专利5178167 ; Clearman等的美国专利5183062 ;Shannon等的美国专利5211684 ;Deevi等的美国专利5240014;Nichols等的美国专利5240016;Clearman等的美国专利5345955 ;Casey,III 等的美国专利5396911 ;Riggs等的美国专利5551451 ;Bensalem等的美国专利5595577 ; Meiring等的美国专利5727571 ;Barnes等的美国专利5819751 ;Matsuura等的美国专利6089857 ;Beven等的美国专利6095152 ;Beven的美国专利6578584 ;Crooks等的美国专 U.S. Patent No. [0064] Farrier like 5,020,548; U.S. Patent Shannon like 5,027,836; U.S. Patent Clearman like 5033483; Schlatter et U.S. Patent No. 5040551; Creighton like U.S. Patent No. 5050621; Baker et al, U.S. Patent No. 5,052,413; U.S. Pat Lawson, 5,065,776 ; U.S. Patent Nystrom like 5,076,296; U.S. Patent Farrier like 5,076,297; U.S. Patent Clearman like 5,099,861; U.S. Patent No. 5105835 Drewett like; U.S. Patent No. Barnes like 5,105,837; U.S. Patent Hauser like 5115820; Best et U.S. Patent No. 5,148,821; Hayward et al, U.S. Patent No. 5159940; Riggs et U.S. Patent No. 5,178,167; U.S. Patent Clearman like 5,183,062; U.S. Patent Shannon like 5,211,684; U.S. Patent Deevi like 5,240,014; U.S. Patent Nichols like 5240016; Clearman et U.S. Patent No. 5345955; Casey , III et al, U.S. Patent No. 5396911; Riggs et U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451; U.S. Patent Bensalem like 5595577; Meiring like U.S. Patent No. 5727571; Barnes et al, U.S. Patent No. 5,819,751; U.S. Patent Matsuura like 6,089,857; U.S. Patent Beven like 6,095,152; Beven U.S. Patent No. 6578584; Crooks like U.S. 申请2007/0215167 ;Robinson等的美国专利申请2008/00092912 ;这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 Application 2007/0215167; U.S. Patent Application 2008/00092912 Robinson et al; these references are incorporated herein by reference. 例如,本发明的滤嘴元件可以结合在以下种类的香烟之内,例如RJR烟草公司(RJReynoldsTobaccoCompany)销售的品牌为"Premier" 和"Eclipse" 的香烟。 For example, the filter element of the present invention may be incorporated within the types of cigarettes, for example, RJR Tobacco Company (RJReynoldsTobaccoCompany) brand sold as "Premier" and "Eclipse" cigarettes. 参见例如以下文献中描述的那些种类的香烟:对加温型而非燃烧型香烟的新香烟原型的化学和生物学研究(ChemicalandBiologicalStudiesonNewCigarettePrototypesthat HeatInsteadofBurnTobacco),RJReynoldsTobaccoCompanyMonograph(1988)and InhalationToxicology,12 :5,第1-58页(2000);该文献通过参考结合于此。 See, for example, those types of cigarettes described in the literature the following: chemical and biological research (ChemicalandBiologicalStudiesonNewCigarettePrototypesthat HeatInsteadofBurnTobacco) New Cigarette Prototypes-combustion type but not heated cigarette, RJReynoldsTobaccoCompanyMonograph (1988) and InhalationToxicology, 12: 5, the first - 58 (2000); which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0065] 通常使用制烟机制造香烟棒,例如常规的自动香烟棒制造机。 [0065] generally used for producing cigarette rod making machine, such as a conventional automated cigarette rod making machine. 示例性的香烟棒制造机是从MolinsPLC或Hauni-WerkeKorber&Co.KG购得的那些类型。 Exemplary cigarette rod making machines are those types or MolinsPLC from Hauni-WerkeKorber & Co.KG available. 例如可以采用MkX (从MolinsPLC购得)或PR0T0S(从Hauni-WerkeKorber&Co.KG购得)类型的香烟棒制造机。 For example, may be employed as MkX (commercially available from MolinsPLC) or PR0T0S (commercially available from Hauni-WerkeKorber & Co.KG) types of cigarette rod making machine. 在Brand的美国专利4474190的第5栏第48行到第8栏第3行中提供了关于PR0T0S 制烟机的说明,该文献通过参考结合于此。 Provided on line 48 column 5, U.S. Patent No. 4,474,190 to Brand, at column 3, line 8, the description of PR0T0S cigarette making machine, which is incorporated by reference herein. 还在以下文献中提出了适合于制造香烟的设备类型:LaHue的美国专利4781203 ;Holznagel的美国专利4844100 ;Gentry的美国专利5131416 ;Holmes等的美国专利5156169 ;Myracle,Jr.等的美国专利5191906 ;Blau等的美国专利6647870 ;Kitao等的美国专利6848449 ;Kitao等的美国专利6904917 ;Hartman的美国专利申请公开2003/0145866 ;Hancock等的美国专利申请公开2004/0129281;Barnes 等的美国专利申请公开2005/0039764 ;Fitzgerald等的美国专利申请公开2005/0076929 ; 这些文献各自通过参考结合于此。 Also proposed in the literature the following types of devices suitable for making a cigarette: the U.S. Patent No. 4,781,203 LaHue; Holznagel of U.S. Patent No. 4844100; Gentry U.S. Patent No. 5,131,416; Holmes et al in U.S. Patent No. 5156169; Myracle, Jr et al U.S. Patents 5,191,906; U.S. Patent No. 6,647,870 to Blau et; Kitao U.S. Patent No. 6,848,449 and the like; Kitao U.S. Patent No. 6,904,917 and the like; Hartman, U.S. Patent application Publication 2003/0145866; Hancock et U.S. Patent application Publication 2004/0129281; U.S. Patent application Publication 2005 Barnes et / 0039764; Fitzgerald et U.S. Patent application Publication 2005/0076929; each of these references is incorporated by reference herein.

[0066] 常规的自动制烟机的部件和操作是制烟机设计和操作领域的普通技术人员容易理解的。 [0066] Conventional automatic smoke components and operation of a manufacturing machine design and operation to those of ordinary skill in the art readily understand. 例如在以下文献中提出了关于几种烟囱的部件和操作、烟草填充物供应设备、真空输送系统和附件(garniture)系统的说明:Molins等的美国专利3288147 ;Heitmann等的美国专利3915176;Frank的美国专利4291713;Rudszinat的美国专利4574816;Heitmann 等的美国专利4736754 ;Pinck等的美国专利4878506 ;Heitmann的美国专利5060665 ; Keritsis等的美国专利5012823 ;Fagg等的美国专利6360751 ;Muller的美国专利公开2003/0136419 ;这些文献各自通过参考结合于此。 For example presented on the operation member and several chimneys, tobacco filler supply equipment, vacuum delivery systems and accessories (the garniture) system will be described in the following documents: U.S. Patent No. 3,288,147 Molins like; etc. U.S. Patent Heitmann 3915176; Frank of US Patent No. 4,291,713; US Patent Rudszinat of 4,574,816; US Patent Heitmann, etc. 4,736,754; US Patent Pinck such as 4878506; Heitmann US Patent 5,060,665; US Patent Keritsis such as 5012823; Fagg et al, US Patent 6,360,751; US ​​Patent Muller open 2003 / 0136419; each of these references is incorporated by reference herein. 本文提出的自动制烟机类型提供了形成的连续香烟棒或可点燃抽吸棒,可以将连续香烟棒或可点燃抽吸棒再分成所需长度的可点燃抽吸棒。 Automatic manufacturing machine of the type proposed herein provides a continuous cigarette rod or smokable rod is formed, a continuous cigarette rod or smokable rod is subdivided into the desired length of the smokable rod.

[0067] 可以采用各种香烟组分(包括烟草种类),烟草掺混物,表面处理和包装材料,掺混物填充密度,以及用于烟草棒的各种包装纸材料。 [0067] The cigarettes may employ various components (including the type of tobacco), a variety of tobacco blend wrapping materials, surface treatment and packaging materials, blend packing density, and a tobacco rod. 参见例如以下文献中提出的各种代表性种类的香烟组分,以及各种香烟设计、形式、结构和特性Johnson,符合工业需要的香烟组分开发(DevelopmentofCigaretteComponentstoMeetIndustryNeeds),52nd TSRC (1998 年9 月)Jakob等的美国专利5101839;Arzonico等的美国专利5159944 ; Gentry的美国专利5220930 ;Kraker的美国专利6779530 ;Ashcraft等的美国专利公开2005/0016556 ;Nestor等的美国专利公开2005/0066986 ;Fitzgerald等的美国专利公开2005/0076929 ;Coleman,III等的美国专利公开2007/0056600;Thomas等的2006 年3 月14日提交的美国专利申请11/375700 ;0gleSby的2006年4月21日提交的美国专利申请11/408625 ;这些文献各自通过参考结合于此。 See, for example, various representative types of cigarette components of the following proposed in the literature, as well as a variety of cigarette design, form, structure and properties of Johnson, in line with the cigarette industry needs to develop components (DevelopmentofCigaretteComponentstoMeetIndustryNeeds), 52nd TSRC (September 1998) U.S. Patent No. 5,101,839 and the like Jakob; Arzonico U.S. Patent No. 5,159,944 and the like; U.S. Patent No. 5,220,930 to Gentry; U.S. Patent No. 6,779,530 to Kraker; Ashcraft et U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0016556; Nestor et al. U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0066986; Fitzgerald et al U.S. Patent Publication 2005/0076929; Coleman, III et al, US Patent Publication No. 2007/0056600; US Patent Thomas et al. 2006 March 14 filed 11/375700; US Patent 0gleSby of April 21, 2006, filed 11 / 408,625; each of these references is incorporated by reference herein. 最优选整个可抽吸棒由可抽吸材料(如烟草切割填充物)和一层限定性外包装材料组成。 Most preferably the entire smokable rod of smokable material (e.g., tobacco cut filler) and a layer of packaging material is defined.

[0068] 因此,本发明另一个方面包括经过适当设计用于将吸附材料50与载体材料55 (在一些情况中还包括结合任选的调味剂52)结合的设备,通过结合承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55形成吸烟制品的滤嘴元件,以及/或者用于形成本身具有这种结合了载体材料55/ 吸附材料50的滤嘴元件的吸烟制品。 [0068] Accordingly, another aspect of the present invention comprises a properly designed for the adsorbent material 50 and support material 55 (in some cases, optionally further comprising a flavoring agent binding 52) binding apparatus, by combining 50 carrying the adsorbent material the carrier material 55 forming the filter elements of smoking articles, and / or for forming a smoking article filter element itself has such a combination of the carrier material 55 / adsorbent material 50. 因此,已经开发了一些设备用于提供滤嘴棒,供制造吸烟制品使用,其中各棒具有一种或多种形式的承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55(例如丸粒、胶囊、绞股或其组合),载体材料沿着棒的长度设置,使得在将棒再分成棒部分时,各棒部分包含至少一种形式的承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55。 Thus, some devices have been developed for providing filter rods for smoking articles used for manufacturing, wherein each rod has one or more forms of carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, 55 (e.g. pellets, capsules, or strands combinations thereof), a carrier rod provided along the length of the material, such that when the rod is subdivided into rod portions, each rod portion includes at least one form of carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 55 50. 参见例如Deal的美国专利7115085,该文献通过参考全文结合于此。 See, for example, U.S. Patent No. 7115085 Deal, which is incorporated by reference in its entirety herein. 这种设备可以结合用于连续供应过滤材料的装置(例如,经过适配将过滤丝束供应到连续棒形成单元的过滤丝束加工单元)。 Such apparatus may incorporate means for continuous supply of filter material (e.g., through the filter tow is adapted to supply filter tow processing unit continuous rod forming unit). 代表性的设备还可包括例如料斗和转轮装置之类的物体递送装置,这些装置在Thomas等的美国专利申请公开2007/0068540A1中进行了揭示(并通过参考结合于此),用于将一定形式的承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55供应到过滤材料中。 The apparatus may further comprise a representative example, a hopper and a wheel means such object delivery devices which in Thomas et al U.S. Patent Application Publication 2007 / 0068540A1 has been disclosed in (and incorporated herein by reference), for certain carrying the adsorbent material in the form of the carrier material 50 is supplied to the filter material 55. 在其他情况中,可以通过物体插入单元将多种形式的载体材料55 (S卩,丸粒和/或绞股,或者丸粒和绞股中的至少一种与至少一种其他丸粒或绞股的组合)插入过滤材料中。 In other cases, an object may be inserted through the at least one unit with at least one other pellet or stranded forms of the carrier material 55 (S Jie, pellets and / or strands, or the pellets and strand of Unit composition) inserted into the filter material. 例如在以下文献中揭示了用于将这些绞股/物体插入过滤材料中的装置:Nelson等的美国专利申请11/4619410JS 2008/0029118Al),Stokes 等的美国专利申请11/760983,这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 Disclosed in the literature, for example, an apparatus for these strands / objects into the filter material: Nelson et al. U.S. Patent Application 11 / 4619410JS 2008 / 0029118Al), Stokes et U.S. Patent Application 11/760983, which are all by incorporated herein by reference.

[0069] -种制棒设备210如图4中所示,在一些情况中,该设备可包括形成单元450,该单元经过设计,将吸附材料50与载体材料55以在线或离线方式接合,形成插入物体。 [0069] - seed rods device 210 shown in FIG. 4, in some cases, the device may include forming unit 450, the unit is designed, the carrier material 50 and 55 engage in online or offline, the adsorbent material, is formed inserting the object. 例如, 形成单元450可以构造成能将吸附材料50插入包含载体材料55的管状或胶囊元件中,将吸附材料50悬浮在包含载体材料55的基质材料中,将吸附材料50与包含载体材料55的连续的伸长元件接合,和/或在吸附材料50的周围包裹包含载体材料55的连续条带元件。 For example, the forming unit 450 may be configured to insert the adsorbent material 50 can comprise a capsule or tubular element 55 of the carrier material, the adsorbent material 50 is suspended in a matrix material comprising a support material 55, 50 and the adsorbent material comprises a carrier material 55 engaging the continuous elongated elements, and / or a continuous strip comprising the carrier material 55 is wrapped around the belt member 50 of the adsorbent material. 一旦形成了插入物体,就能立刻将该插入物体从形成单元450递送到插入单元/装置214, 该插入单元/装置经过设计,将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入过滤材料中。 Once the insertion of an object, the object can be inserted immediately delivered from the forming unit 450 to the insertion unit / device 214, the insertion unit / device is designed, the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 55 is inserted into the filter material 50. 在一些情况中,形成单元可以与插入单元/装置214协作,或者以其他方式相连(S卩,在线或离线的)。 In some cases, the unit may form insertion unit / device 214 cooperate or otherwise connected to (S Jie, online or offline). 在其他实施方式中,形成单元450和插入单元/装置214可以是单独的单元,该单元经过设计,同时进行以下功能:形成承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55,将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入过滤材料中。 In other embodiments, the forming unit 450 and the insertion unit / device 214 may be a separate unit, which is designed, at the same time the following functions: 55 to form the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, will carry the support adsorbent material 50 material 55 is inserted into the filter material.

[0070] 在制造过程中,可以将过滤材料形成为连续棒,该连续棒中设置有承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55,并沿着连续棒的纵轴延伸。 [0070] In the manufacturing process, the filter material may be formed as a continuous rod, which is provided with a continuous rod carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, 55, and extending along the longitudinal axis of the continuous rod. 然后以预定的间隔将连续棒再分,形成多个滤嘴棒或棒部分,使得各棒部分中包含至少一部分的吸附材料50。 Then at predetermined intervals subdivided continuous rod, a plurality of filter rods or rod portions such that each rod portion comprises at least a portion of the adsorbent material 50. 在载体材料55包含例如丸粒和绞股的情况中,丸粒可以按预定位置并沿着滤嘴棒或滤嘴元件设置,而绞股(如果存在的话)延伸通过滤嘴棒或滤嘴元件。 In the case of the carrier material 55 comprises, for example, pellets and strands, the pellets can and along the filter rod or filter element disposed in a predetermined position, and the strand (if any) extends through the filter rod or filter element.

[0071] 如图4中所示,一种示例性的制棒设备210可包括棒形成单元212 (例如从Hauni-WerkeKorber&Co.KG获得的KDF-2单元)和物体插入单元214,这些单元经过适当适配,用于沿着过滤材料40的连续长度放置插入物体。 As shown in FIG. 4 [0071] An exemplary device 210 may comprise rods rod forming unit 212 (e.g. KDF-2 unit available from Hauni-WerkeKorber & Co.KG) and the object insertion unit 214, these units properly adapted for insertion of an object placed along the continuous length of filter material 40. 连续长度或网状物形式的过滤材料可以从储备包、线轴、卷盘等之类的来源(未显示)供应。 In the form of a continuous length or web of filter material from the reserve source packet, spool, reel or the like (not shown) is supplied. 一般可采用过滤材料加工单元218对过滤材料40进行加工。 Usually the filter material processing unit 218 may employ the filter material 40 for processing. 通过物体插入单元214,在过滤材料的连续长度中结合承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55,然后通过棒形成单元212,从而形成连续棒220。 By the object insertion unit 214, the continuous length of filter material in conjunction with the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 55 50, the unit 212 is then formed by a bar, to form a continuous rod 220. 可以使用棒切割组合件222将连续棒220划分成多个棒部分205,各个棒部分中设置有至少一部分吸附材料50。 Using a rod cutting assembly may be 222 to 220 continuous rod into a plurality of rod portions 205, each rod portion is provided with at least a portion of the adsorbent material 50. 可以收集连续的或多个棒部分205,用于收集装置226中,该收集装置可以是浅盘、 旋转收集滚筒、传送系统等。 It may be collected continuously or plurality of rod portions 205, 226 for collecting apparatus, the collecting means may be a tray, a rotary collection drum, conveying system. 需要时可以将这些棒部分直接输送到制烟机。 These rod portions can be delivered directly to a cigarette making machine when required.

[0072] 过滤材料40可以变化,可以是能用于为香烟提供烟草烟雾过滤的任何种类的材料。 [0072] The filter material 40 can vary, may be used to provide any kind of material for cigarette filter tobacco smoke. 优选使用常规的香烟过滤材料,例如乙酸纤维素丝束、聚集的乙酸纤维素网状物、聚丙烯丝束、聚集的乙酸纤维素网状物、聚集的纸张、重新合并的烟草的绞股等。 Preferably using conventional cigarette filter material such as cellulose acetate tow, gathered cellulose acetate web, polypropylene tow, gathered cellulose acetate web, gathered paper, recombined tobacco strands, etc. . 特别优选细丝丝束,例如乙酸纤维素、聚烯烃如聚丙烯等。 Particularly preferred filament tow, such as cellulose acetate, polyolefins such as polypropylene and the like. 一种能提供合适的滤嘴棒的高度优选的过滤材料是3旦尼尔/细丝和40000总旦尼尔的乙酸纤维素丝束。 Capable of providing a suitable filter rod is highly preferred filter material is 3 denier / filament and 40,000 total denier cellulose acetate tow. 再例如,3旦尼尔/细丝和35000总旦尼尔的乙酸纤维素丝束能提供合适的滤嘴棒。 As another example, 3 denier / filament and 35,000 total denier can provide a suitable cellulose acetate tow filter rod. 再例如,8旦尼尔/细丝和40000 总旦尼尔的乙酸纤维素丝束能提供合适的滤嘴棒。 As another example, 8 denier / filament and 40,000 total denier can provide a suitable cellulose acetate tow filter rod. 再例如,参见以下文献中提出的过滤材料种类:Neurath的美国专利3424172 ;Cohen等的美国专利4811745 ;Hill等的美国专利4925602;Takegawa等的美国专利5225277;Arzonico等的美国专利5271419。 As another example, referring to the type of filter materials set forth in the following documents: Neurath in U.S. Patent No. 3,424,172; U.S. Patent No. 4,811,745 to Cohen et al; U.S. Patent 4,925,602 of Hill et al; U.S. Patent Takegawa like 5225277; Arzonico U.S. Patent No. 5,271,419 and the like.

[0073] 可以使用常规的过滤丝束加工单元例如Arjay Equipment Corp., [0073] using conventional filter tow processing unit such as a Arjay Equipment Corp.,

[0074]Winston-Salem,NC销售的E-60对细丝丝束如乙酸纤维素进行加工。 [0074] Winston-Salem, NC E-60 sold by pair of filaments such as cellulose acetate tow is processed. 可以类似地使用本领域普通技术人员已知的其他种类的可商购的丝束加工设备。 Commercially available tow processing equipment, including other types may be similarly to those of ordinary skill in the art of. 通常采用已知的技术以常规量向细丝丝束施加增塑剂,如三醋精或聚乙二醇(carbowax)。 Commonly used in conventional amounts known in the art is applied to the filamentary tow plasticizer, such as triacetin or polyethylene glycol (carbowax). 在一种实施方式中, 过滤材料的增塑剂组分包含重量比为1 :1的三醋精和聚乙二醇。 In one embodiment, the plasticizer component of the filter material comprise a weight ratio of 1: 1, triacetin and polyethylene glycol. 增塑剂的总量一般约为4-20重量%,优选约为6-12重量%。 Total amount of plasticizer is generally about 4-20% by weight, preferably about 6-12 wt%. 构成滤嘴元件时使用的其他合适材料或添加剂是香烟滤嘴设计和制造领域的普通技术人员容易理解的。 Other suitable materials or additives used when the filter element is composed of cigarette filter design and manufacture of ordinary skill in the art readily understand. 参见例如Rivers的美国专利5387285, 该文献通过参考结合于此。 See, for example, U.S. Patent No. 5,387,285 to Rivers, which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0075] 可以通过棒形成单元212的操作将连续长度的过滤材料40拉过区块(block)230, 可以沿着过滤材料的长度将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入过滤材料的网状物之内。 The mesh 55 is inserted into the filter material [0075] 40 may be pulled through the block (block) a continuous length of filter material is formed by the operation unit 212 of the rod 230, it may be the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50 along the length of the filter material within the thing. 但是,承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55也可以在该过程中的其他位点引入过滤材料中,这种示例性的实施方式并不意图在该方面进行限制。 However, the carrier material 50 carrying the adsorbent material 55 may be introduced at other sites in the process of the filter material, such exemplary embodiments are not intended to be limiting in this respect. 可以进一步引导过滤材料进入棒形成单元212的聚集区域232中。 It can further guide the filter material into the rod forming unit 212 in the accumulation region 232. 该聚集区域可以具有舌状物和角状物结构,汇聚漏斗结构,充填器或传输喷射结构,或者其他合适类型的聚集装置。 The aggregate area may have a tongue and horn configuration, converging funnel structure, obturator or transport jet configuration, or other suitable type of gathering device. 舌状物232提供对来自区块230的圆柱形复合物的进一步聚集、压缩、转化或形成,变成基本圆柱形(即棒状)形状,由此使得过滤材料的连续延伸绞股或细丝基本沿着如此形成的圆柱形的纵轴延伸。 The tongue 232 provides for further gathering cylindrical composite from block 230, compression, conversion or formed into a substantially cylindrical (i.e., rod-like) shape whereby the continuously extending filter material strand or filaments substantially thus formed along the longitudinal axis of the cylindrical extension. 在一些情况中,还可以适当地将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55放置到聚集区域232中的过滤材料中。 In some cases, it may also be appropriately carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50, 55 placed in the accumulation region 232 of the filter material.

[0076] 将已经被压成圆柱形复合物的过滤材料40进一步接收到棒形成单元212中。 [0076] which has been compressed into a cylindrical composite filter material 40 further receives the rod forming unit 212. 将圆柱形复合物输入包装机件234,该机件包括环形的附属传送带236或其他附件装置。 The cylindrical composite input 234 parts packaging machine comprises an annular member garniture conveyer belt 236 or other attachment means. 通过带轮或协作滚筒之类的前进机件238使附属传送带236连续地纵向前进,从而将圆柱形复合物传输通过包装机件234。 Continuously longitudinally advancing forward through mechanical cooperating pulleys or rollers 238 such that the garniture conveyer belt 236 so as to transmit the composite cylindrical parts 234 through the packaging. 该包装机件向圆柱形复合物的外表面提供包装材料的条带28 (例如无孔的接装纸),从而制得连续的已包装的棒220。 The package provides the mechanical outer surface of the cylindrical composite strips 28 (e.g., non-porous tipping paper) packaging material, to thereby produce a continuous rod 220 packaged. 在一些情况中,还可以适当地将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55与包装或附属区域232中的过滤材料接合。 In some cases, also it may be appropriate to the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50 is engaged with the package 55 or auxiliary regions 232 in the filter material. 例如,如上所述的伸长元件可以是一种包装材料28的形式,使承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55与其相连或接合。 For example, the elongate element described above may be in the form of a packaging material 28, the carrier material 50 carrying the adsorbent material 55 is bonded or attached thereto.

[0077] -般可以从转动线轴242提供包装材料28的条带或网状物。 [0077] - may be provided as a packaging material strip or web 28 from the spool 242 rotates. 该包装材料可以从线轴拉出,拉过一系列引导辊,在区块230下方通过,进入棒形成单元的包装机件234。 The packaging material may be drawn from a spool, is pulled through a series of guide rollers, below the block 230, 234 into the rod parts forming the packaging unit. 环形的附属传送带236以纵向延伸的方式将接装材料条带和圆柱形复合物一起传输通过包装机件234,同时围绕圆柱形复合物覆盖或包封包装材料。 Transmitted together garniture conveyer belt 236 an annular longitudinally extending strips tipping material and the cylindrical composite parts by wrapping 234 while surrounding packaging or encapsulating material composite cylindrical cover.

[0078] 在施用器区域244处,在包装材料的重叠边缘部分形成的接缝上施用粘合剂(如热熔粘合剂),使得包装材料能够形成容纳过滤材料的管状容器。 [0078] 244 in the region of the applicator, applying an adhesive (e.g. hot melt adhesive) over the seam overlapping edge portions of the packaging material is formed such that the packing material can form a tubular container containing the filter material. 或者,可以根据具体情况, 在包装材料进入包装机件234或区块230的附属件的上游直接施用热熔粘合剂。 Alternatively, as the case may be, into the packaging material upstream of packaging parts the attachment block 234 or 230 of the hot melt adhesive applied directly. 可以使用冷却杆(chillbar)246冷却粘合剂,使粘合剂快速凝固(setting)。 Cooling bar may be used (chillbar) 246 cooled adhesive, the adhesive Rapid Solidification (setting). 可以理解,可以采用各种其他密封装置和其他种类的粘合剂来提供连续的已包装棒。 It is understood that various other sealing means and other types of adhesives to provide a continuous rod using packaged.

[0079] 连续的已包装棒220从密封装置通过,使用切割组合件222按所需的预定长度以规则间隔再分(如切断),该切割组合件包括旋转切割器、非常锋利的刀具、或者其他合适的棒切割或再分装置。 [0079] The continuous rod 220 packaged by the sealing device, using cutting assembly 222 in the desired predetermined length subdivided at regular intervals (e.g., cutting), the cutting assembly comprises a rotary cutter, a very sharp knives, or other suitable rod cutting or subdividing device. 特别期望切割组合件不会使棒的形状变平,或以其他方式对棒的形状产生负面影响。 Particularly desirable cutting assembly does not flatten the rod shape or adversely affect the shape of the rod in other ways. 切割组合件在所需位点切断连续棒的速率通过可调节的机械齿轮组(未显示)或其他合适的装置进行控制。 Cutting assembly at the desired site by cutting the continuous rod at a rate of adjustable mechanical gear train (not shown) or other suitable control means. 将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入过滤材料的连续网状物中的速率可以与制棒机的操作速度直接关联。 Speed ​​continuous web of filter material 55 is inserted into the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50 may be directly associated with the operation speed of the system of rods. 插入单元和制棒设备的驱动组合件之间可以通过齿轮产生直接的驱动关系。 It may be generated by a direct drive relationship between the drive gear assembly of the male and rods device. 或者,插入单元214可以具有与棒形成单元的驱动组合件同步的直接驱动马达。 Alternatively, the insertion unit 214 may have a drive assembly of the rod forming unit in synchronization direct drive motor. 在一些情况中,插入单元214可以构造成,与检查/检测系统247进行通讯,例如以反馈回路的形式进行通讯,由此通过调节上游的插入单元214来消除检查/检测系统247检测到的一些缺陷。 In some cases, the insertion unit 214 may be configured to communicate with the inspection / detection system 247, for example, communication in the form of a feedback loop, thereby eliminating some of the 214 inspection / detection system 247 by adjusting the detected upstream of the insertion unit defect. 根据物体的插入速率与制棒机之间的关系, 本发明的实施方式还涉及保持或提高制棒机的生产速率,但同时不对将承载着吸附材料50 的载体材料55放置到过滤材料之内的操作产生负面影响。 The relationship between the rate and the system of rods inserted into the object, embodiments of the present invention further relates to maintaining or increasing the production rate of the system of rods, but not the carrier material carrying the adsorbent material 50 is placed into the filter material 55 of operations have a negative impact.

[0080] 插入单元214可包括轮形的旋转插入元件248,该元件可以进行定位,从而在垂直平面中旋转。 [0080] insertion unit 214 may include a rotating wheel-shaped member 248 is inserted, the element can be positioned, so as to rotate in a vertical plane. 插入单元214还可包括料斗组合件252和/或其他用于进料或通过其他方式将各种形式的载体材料55(例如丸粒)输送到插入元件248的传输装置。 Insertion unit 214 may also include a hopper assembly 252 and / or other feed or for the delivery device is inserted into the transfer member 248 by other means of support material 55 in various forms (e.g., pellets). 当插入元件248 旋转时,轮外围表面上的载体材料55与区块230之内的过滤材料40接触,将载体材料55从袋状物喷射到聚集的过滤材料40中。 When the insert member 248 is rotated on the wheel support material 55 into contact with the peripheral surface of the filter material 230 in the block 40, the carrier material 55 is injected from the pouch to the filter material 40 aggregated. 这种物体插入设置的具体细节在例如以下的文献中进一步说明:Deal的美国专利7115085 ;Green,Jr.等的美国专利4862905(即,插入单独的绞股部分);Thomas等的美国专利申请公开2007/0068540A1 (S卩,插入胶囊);Nelson等的美国专利申请11/461941 (S卩,插入连续的绞股);Stokes等的美国专利申请11/760983(即, 插入连续的绞股)。 This object is inserted into details in the following example further illustrate the literature: U.S. Pat Deal of 7115085; Green, Jr U.S. Patent No. 4,862,905 and the like (i.e., are inserted into separate strands portion); Thomas et al, US Patent Application Publication. 2007 / 0068540A1 (S Jie, capsule insertion); Nelson et al U.S. Patent application 11/461941 (S Jie, inserted continuous strands); Stokes et U.S. Patent application 11/760983 (i.e., insertion of continuous strands).

[0081] -些物体插入设备可包括例如舌状物或舌状物部分,其结构能将供应的过滤材料聚集成连续棒,和/或包括插入单元,用于将其中具有吸附材料50的管状元件插入过滤材料中。 [0081] - inserting some object, for example, the device may include a tongue or a tongue part, the structure can supply the filter material gathered into a continuous rod, and / or includes an insertion unit, wherein a tubular having the adsorbent material 50 element inserted into the filter material. 在一些情况中,可以将各种形式的载体材料55连续地连接,或者采取其他方式连续地互相接合,从而形成连续链,其中插入单元214设计成的结构能将连续链放置到过滤材料中。 In some cases, various forms of the carrier material 55 is continuously connected, or other means to continuously engage each other to form a continuous strand, wherein the insertion unit 214 designed as a continuous chain structure can be placed into the filter material. 还可以将一些形式的载体材料55与伸长元件相连,或者将该载体材料与伸长元件接合,其中该伸长元件可包含例如绞股,从而通过绞股将载体材料55串连在一起。 It may also be some form of support material 55 is connected to the elongated element or the elongated elements are engaged with the support material, wherein the elongate element may comprise, for example, strands, so that the carrier material strand by 55 chained together. 可以通过插入单元214将多种形式的载体材料55(即丸粒和/或绞股)或者至少一种与至少一种其他的丸粒或绞股组合的丸粒或绞股插入过滤材料中。 Insertion unit 214 by the various forms of the carrier material 55 (i.e., pellets and / or strands) or at least one insertion of at least one other pellet or strand in combination pellets or strands of the filter material. 例如在Nelson等的美国专利申请11/461941中揭示了一种用于将绞股插入过滤材料中的设置,该文献通过参考结合于此。 For example, it discloses a strand inserted into the filter material in the Nelson et al. U.S. Patent Application No. 11/461941, incorporated by reference herein. 在另一个例子中,伸长元件还可以设计成能横向延伸(即,作为二维片材)。 In another example, the elongate element may also be designed to extend laterally (i.e., two-dimensional sheets). 由此,棒形成设备210可包括设计成以下结构的装饰装置,能在过滤材料周围包裹其上附着有吸附材料50的伸长元件,使得该伸长元件形成包括过滤材料和吸附材料50的包装,如Stokes等的美国专利申请11/760983中所述,该文献通过参考结合于此。 Thus, the rod forming apparatus 210 may include a decorative design to the structure means, which can wrap member has attached thereto elongate adsorbent material around the filter material 50, such that the elongate element forming a package comprising filtration material and the adsorbent material 50 as Stokes et al, US Patent application 11/760983, which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0082] 将承载着吸附材料50的载体材料55插入过滤材料的连续棒中之后,吸附材料可以从载体材料释放并进入过滤材料中。 After [0082] 50 carrying the adsorbent material 55 is inserted into the carrier material in the continuous rod of filter material, and adsorbent material into the filter material may be released from the carrier material. 例如,载体材料55可以溶解、分解、降解,或者以其他方式被破坏,从而降吸附材料50释放和/或分散到过滤材料中,使得吸附材料50对通过滤嘴元件吸入的主流烟雾施加所需的影响。 For example, the carrier material 55 may be dissolved, decomposed, degraded, or otherwise destroyed, thereby reducing the release of adsorbent material 50 and / or dispersed into the filter material, the adsorbent material is applied such that the required filter element 50 passing through the mainstream smoke inhalation influences. 可以在将连续棒切断形成滤嘴段(如滤嘴元件26)之前或之后,将吸附材料释放到过滤材料中。 After either before (e.g., filter element 26) is formed in a continuous filter rod segments or cutting, the adsorbent material is released into the filter material. 这种释放可以在制造过程中发生,或者在一些情况中,由吸烟者在抽吸该抽烟制品之前实行。 Such release can occur during manufacture, or in some cases, carried out by the smoker prior to smoking article sucked. 在一些实施方式中,可以在生产线中在插入单元214的下游提供吸附材料释放单元400,其中对吸附材料释放单元400进行设计, 使其在滤嘴元件之内与载体材料55发生原位相互作用,从而利用例如热过程、超声过程、 或者任何其他用于从载体材料55释放吸附材料50的合适机制将吸附材料50释放到过滤材料中。 In some embodiments, may be inserted in the production line downstream of the unit 214, 400 to provide the adsorbent material releasing unit, wherein the adsorbent material releasing unit 400 to be designed so that it takes place in situ in the carrier material 55 within the filter element of interaction , using, for example so that a thermal process, ultrasonic process, or any other suitable mechanism to release the adsorbent material 55 from the carrier material 50 will release the adsorbent material 50 into the filter material.

[0083] 更具体来说,吸附材料50可以例如进行增塑(S卩,变湿以形成"糊剂"),因此制得的物体是有弹性的、挠性的和/或能进行处理(参见例如Green,Jr.等的美国专利4862905)。 [0083] More specifically, the adsorbent material 50 may be, for example, plasticized (S Jie, wet to form a "paste"), and therefore the object is made of resilient, flexible and / or can be processed ( see, for example, Green, Jr., etc. U.S. Patent 4,862,905). 一旦将物体插入过滤材料中,立刻将吸附材料50加工成可释放的形式,例如通过对其中具有该物体的滤嘴元件施行加热和/或干燥程序来进行加工。 Once the objects into the filter material, immediately releasable form adsorbing material 50 is processed into, for example, processed by the filter element having the object heating purposes and / or drying program. 即,该加热/干燥程序能从该物体除去增塑剂,然后该物体变脆或变得可碎裂。 That is, the heating / drying process the plasticizer is removed from the object, then the object may be broken or become brittle. 然后对滤嘴元件进行机械加工,例如通过相对的辑,通过"冲击"过程(即,声振、加热/冷却循环等),和/或通过辐照过程(即,导致与该物体相关的液体/气体膨胀的微波能量,使得该物体的结构碎裂)。 The filter element is then machined, for example by opposing series, the "shock" process (i.e., acoustic vibration, heating / cooling cycles, etc.), and / or by irradiation process (i.e., cause the liquid associated with the object / gas expansion microwave energy, so that the structure of the object fragmentation).

[0084] 在一些情况中,可以将各种形式的吸附材料50 (S卩,绞股、珠粒、丸粒、胶囊或其组合)设置在作为载体材料55的闭孔泡沫材料中,其中,一旦插入到滤嘴元件20中,就可以立刻进行辐照或加热,使泡沫材料碎裂并从其中释放出吸附材料。 [0084] In some cases, various forms of the adsorbent material 50 (S Jie, strands, beads, pellets, capsules or combinations thereof) is provided as carrier material of closed-cell foam 55, wherein, Once inserted into the filter element 20, can be heated or irradiated immediately, and the foam material from which the fracture is released adsorbent material. 或者,载体材料55可包含开孔泡沫材料,其中例如可以在将物体插入滤嘴元件20中之后,立刻采用空气和/或物理作用力释放吸附材料50。 Alternatively, the carrier material 55 may comprise an open cell foam material, which, for example may be performed after the object into the filter element 20 immediately using air and / or physical force to release the adsorbent material 50.

[0085] 在其他情况中,可以提供例如以下形式的载体材料55 :可碎裂的胶囊、套叠胶囊(capsule-in-capsule)或绞股,这些形式由可溶于水或其他可溶于液体的聚合物形成,经过设计能承载吸附材料50。 [0085] In other cases, for example, may be provided in the form of a carrier material 55: the rupture of the capsule, the capsule telescopic (capsule-in-capsule) or strands, which forms a water-soluble or soluble in other polymer liquid form, designed to carry through the adsorbent material 50. 这种可溶性聚合物可包括例如聚乳酸,聚乙烯醇(PVA),淀粉和/或淀粉基聚合物,角叉菜胶,聚乙酸乙烯酯,羟丙基纤维素,支链淀粉,羧甲基纤维素及其盐(即,碱金属盐),藻酸酯及其盐,明胶,和/或任何其他合适的聚合物或其组合。 Soluble polymers may include, for example, polylactic acid, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), starch and / or starch-based polymers, carrageenan, polyvinyl acetate, hydroxypropyl cellulose, pullulan, carboxymethyl cellulose and its salts (i.e., alkali metal salts), and salts thereof, alginic acid esters, gelatin, and / or any other suitable polymers or combinations thereof. 由于载体材料55的可释放形式导致吸附材料的分散,使得主流烟雾能够通过滤嘴元件,并与吸附材料相互作用,该物体可以大于之前插入滤嘴元件中的"固态"物体(即,大于约2-3. 5毫米)。 Since the release of the carrier material 55 in the form of a dispersion of lead adsorbent, so that mainstream smoke is possible, and interact with the adsorbent through the filter element, the filter element is inserted in the "solid" object before the object may be larger (i.e., greater than about 2 -3. 5 mm).

[0086] 在该过程的控制中,控制系统可包括合适的控制硬件和/或软件。 [0086] In controlling the process, the control system may include appropriate control hardware and / or software. 一种示例性的控制系统290可结合例如Siemens315-2DP处理器、Siemens FM352-5Boolean处理器和16 位输入/16位输出模块。 An exemplary control system 290 may be incorporated e.g. Siemens315-2DP processor, Siemens FM352-5Boolean processor and 16-bit input / output module 16. 这种系统可采用系统显示器293,例如Siemens MP370显示器。 Such a system may employ a display system 293, e.g. Siemens MP370 display. 一种示例性的制棒单元212可包括经过设计用于所需长度的棒的控制器,从而相对于连续棒的形成速度根据时机调节切断单元的刀具速度。 An exemplary rods 212 may include a unit is designed for the required length of the control rod, thereby forming a continuous rod with respect to the speed adjustment speed of the knife cutting unit according to the timing. 在这种情况中,第一编码器296(通过与制棒单元的传动带连接的方式)以及插入单元的控制单元299可以位切割组合件相对于插入单元的轮位置提供刀具位置的参考。 In this case, the first encoder control unit 296 (via the drive unit with the rods connected) and the insertion unit 299 may be located to provide the cutting tool with reference to the position of the assembly relative to the wheel position of the insertion unit. 因此,第一编码器296可以提供一种相对于过滤丝束的连续网状物通过制棒单元的速度控制插入单元的轮转速的方式。 Thus, the first encoder 296 may provide a way round with respect to the rotational speed of the continuous web of filter tow insertion control unit by means of rods speed. 一种示例性的第一编码器296可以作为Heidenhain Absolute2048编码器获得。 An exemplary first encoder 296 can be obtained as a Heidenhain Absolute2048 encoder.

[0087] 在本发明的一种实施方式中,吸附材料50和载体材料55都为纤维的形式,吸附材料纤维包含或结合有如本文定义的吸附材料。 [0087] In one embodiment of the present invention, the adsorbent material 50 and support material 55 are in the form of fibers, adsorbent fibers or binding comprising adsorbent material as defined herein like. 纤维可包括常规的短纤维以及基本连续的结构,例如连续的细丝。 Fibers may include conventional short fibers and substantially continuous structures, such as continuous filaments. 本发明的纤维可以是中空或实心的,可以具有基本圆形或环形的横截面,或者非圆形的横截面(如卵形、正方形、矩形、多分裂形等)。 The fibers of the present invention may be hollow or solid, and may have a substantially circular cross-section or circular, or non-circular cross-section (e.g., oval, square, rectangular, multi-split type, etc.). 纤维可以是单独的线或细丝的形式,或者是多重的线或细丝结构的形式,例如是其中的多重细丝结合、扭曲或缠结在一起的纱线或其他结构的形式。 The fibers may be in the form of individual wires or filaments, or multiple threads or filaments in the form of structure, for example, where the multi-filament binding yarns or in the form of twisted or entangled together other structures. 当纤维扭曲、结合或缠结在一起时,该纤维可以适合在插入滤嘴中之后进行拆解,从而增大吸附纤维的可用表面积。 When the twisted fibers, or entangled when combined together, the fibers may be adapted in the filter in the insertion disassembled, thereby increasing the available surface area of ​​the adsorbent fiber. 可以通过本领域中已知的任何纤维形成法形成纤维,包括挤出、熔融纺丝、溶液纺丝等。 Fibers may be formed by any fiber forming method known in the art including extrusion, melt spinning, solution spinning and the like. 各纤维的颜色可以变化,但是当吸附纤维如本文所述是碳质纤维的时候,吸附纤维经常看上去是黑色的。 The color of each fiber can vary, but when the fibers as described herein is adsorbed carbonaceous fibers when the fibers are often adsorption appears black.

[0088] 用于吸附材料50或载体材料55的纤维可以由天然或合成的材料构成。 [0088] The fibers used in the adsorbent material 50 or carrier material 55 may be composed of natural or synthetic material. 示例性的天然纤维包括棉、亚麻、黄麻、大麻、棉、羊毛和木浆。 Exemplary natural fibers include cotton, linen, jute, hemp, cotton, wool and wood pulp. 可用于形成纤维的示例性合成聚合物包括:聚酰胺、聚胺、聚酰亚胺、聚丙烯酸类、聚碳酸酯、聚二烯、聚环氧化物、聚酯、聚醚、 聚氟烃、聚烯烃、聚亚苯基、含硅聚合物、聚氨酯、聚乙烯基类、聚缩醛、聚丙烯酸酯、改性纤维素纤维(如乙酸纤维素)、其共聚物、其三元共聚物、及其混合物。 Exemplary synthetic polymers useful in forming fibers include: polyamides, polyamines, polyimides, polyacrylics, polycarbonates, polydienes, polyepoxides, polyesters, polyethers, fluorocarbons, polyolefins, polyphenylenes, silicon containing polymers, polyurethanes, polyvinyls, polyacetals, polyacrylates, modified cellulosic fibers (e.g., cellulose acetate), copolymers thereof, terpolymers thereof, and mixtures thereof. 适合用作根据本发明的纤维材料的特定聚合物材料的非限制性例子包括以下:尼龙6、尼龙6/6、尼龙12、聚天冬氨酸、聚谷氨酸、聚丙烯酰胺、聚丙烯腈、甲基丙烯酸和丙烯酸的酯、聚双酚A碳酸酯、聚碳酸丙二酯、聚丁二烯、聚异戊二烯、聚降冰片烯、聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯、聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯、 聚对苯二甲酸三亚甲酯、聚己内酯、聚乙交酯、聚丙交酯、聚羟基丁酸酯、聚羟基戊酸酯、聚己二酸乙二酯、聚己二酸丁二酯、聚琥珀酸丙二酯、聚乙二醇、聚丁二醇、聚环氧丙烷、聚甲醛、聚四亚甲基醚、聚四氢呋喃、聚表氯醇、脲-醛、三聚氰胺-甲醛、酚甲醛、聚乙烯、聚丙稀、聚丁稀(polybutylene)、聚丁稀(polybutene)、聚辛稀、聚苯醚、聚苯硫醚、聚醚砜、聚苯醚砜、聚二甲基硅氧烷、聚羧甲基硅烷、聚乙烯基丁缩醛、聚乙烯醇、聚乙烯醇的酯和醚、 Non-limiting examples suitable for use as the specific polymer material of the fibrous material of the present invention include the following: nylon 6, nylon 6/6, nylon 12, polyaspartic acid, polyglutamic acid, polyacrylamide, nitrile ester, methacrylic acid and acrylic acid, polybisphenol a carbonate, polypropylene carbonate, propylene carbonate, polybutadiene, polyisoprene, polynorbornene, polyethylene terephthalate, polyethylene polybutylene terephthalate, poly trimethylene terephthalate, polycaprolactone, polyglycolide, polylactide, polyhydroxybutyrate, polyhydroxyvalerate, polyethylene adipate, polybutylene adipate, polypropylene succinate, polyethylene glycol, polypropylene glycol, polypropylene oxide, polyoxymethylene, polytetramethylene ether, polytetrahydrofuran, polyepichlorohydrin, urea - aldehyde, melamine - formaldehyde, phenol formaldehyde, polyethylene, polypropylene, Polybutylen (Polybutylene), Polybutylen (Polybutene), dilute polyoctene, polyphenylene oxide, polyphenylene sulfide, polyether sulfone, polyphenylene ether sulfone , polydimethylsiloxane, poly carboxymethyl silane, polyvinyl butyral, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl esters and ethers, 乙酸乙烯酯、聚苯乙烯、聚甲基苯乙烯、聚氯乙烯、聚乙烯基吡咯烷酮、聚甲基乙烯基醚、 聚乙基乙烯基醚、聚乙烯基甲基酮、聚乙烯共聚乙酸乙烯酯、聚乙烯共聚丙烯酸、聚对苯二甲酸丁二酯共聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯、和聚月桂基内酰胺嵌段共聚四氢呋喃。 Vinyl acetate, polystyrene, polymethylstyrene, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl pyrrolidone, polymethyl vinyl ether, polyethyl vinyl ether, polyvinyl methyl ketone, polyethylene vinyl acetate copolymer , polyethylene acrylic acid copolymer, polybutylene terephthalate co-terephthalate, poly lauryl lactam, and a block copolymer of tetrahydrofuran.

[0089] 吸附材料50可以以本领域已知的任何方式结合到吸附纤维中,包括通过以下方式:将吸附颗粒粘附到纤维,将吸附颗粒嵌入或悬浮在纤维之内,或者形成纤维然后改变纤维的化学性质从而形成吸附材料(例如对纤维进行碳化)。 [0089] The adsorbent material 50 may be combined in any manner known in the art to the adsorption fibers, comprising the following manner: the adsorbent particles adhere to the fibers, the adsorbent particles are embedded or suspended within the fibers, and then forming a fiber or changes chemical properties of the fibers to form an adsorbent material (e.g. fiber carbonization). 在一种实施方式中,吸附纤维由碳质材料构成(如碳纤维)。 In one embodiment, the adsorbent constituting the fibrous carbon material (e.g. carbon fibers).

[0090] 碳纤维可以描述为通过前体纤维的受控热解获得的纤维。 [0090] The carbon fibers can be described as fibers obtained by the controlled pyrolysis of a precursor fiber. 由于碳通常难以成形为纤维形式,所以商购的碳纤维经常通过将前体材料挤出形成细丝而制成,然后进行碳化, 通常在高温进行。 Since carbon is generally difficult to shape the form of fibers, the carbon fibers are often commercially available precursor material by extrusion to prepare filaments formed, and then carbonized at a high temperature is usually performed. 用于碳纤维的普通前体包括人造丝、丙烯酸类纤维(例如聚丙烯腈或PAN)、和沥青(可包括各向同性沥青和各向异性中间相沥青,以及熔喷的沥青纤维)。 Common precursors for carbon fibers including rayon, acrylic fibers (for example, polyacrylonitrile or PAN), and pitch (which may include isotropic pitch and anisotropic mesophase pitch, and the pitch of the meltblown fibers). 还可以将其他前体如纤维素转化成碳纤维。 Also other precursors such as cellulose can be converted into carbon fibers. KYNOLTMnovoloid纤维(从AmericanKynol,Inc., Pleasantville,NY获得)是能够通过结合了碳化和活化的一步法转化成活性炭的高性能酚类纤维。 KYNOLTMnovoloid fiber (., Pleasantville, NY available from AmericanKynol, Inc) can be converted into a combination of activated carbon by carbonization and activation of the one-step high-performance phenolic fibers. 从人造丝或丙烯酸类形成碳纤维通常包括稳定化、碳化和石墨化,各自在相继更高的温度发生,从而充分除去非碳物质,例如氧、氮和氢。 Forming carbon fibers from rayon or acrylics typically include stabilization, carbonization and graphitization occurs in each successive higher temperature, so as to sufficiently remove non-carbon species, such as oxygen, nitrogen and hydrogen. 使用沥青制备纤维通常也包括稳定化和碳化;但是,沥青通常进行旋纺作为碳纤维形成过程的一部分,而由人造丝或丙烯酸类预先形成的纤维可以直接使用。 Was prepared using pitch fibers typically include stabilization and carbonization; however, a part of the asphalt is generally carried out spin forming process as spun carbon fibers, and can be used directly rayon or acrylic fibers preformed. 有时候活化会进一步增加生产步骤。 Sometimes activation will further increase production steps. 碳纤维的来源包括东刚工业公司(TorayIndustries),TohoTenax,三菱(Mitsubishi),住友公司(Sumitomo Corporation),赫氏公司(HexcelCorp.),西特克工业公司(CytecIndustries),卓尔泰克公司(ZoltekCompanies),和SGL集团公司(SGLGroup)。 Sources of carbon fiber, including East just Industries (TorayIndustries), TohoTenax, Mitsubishi (Mitsubishi), Sumitomo Corporation (Sumitomo Corporation), Hexcel (HexcelCorp.), Xi Teke Industries (CytecIndustries), Zoltek Companies (ZoltekCompanies) and SGL Group (SGLGroup).

[0091] 碳纤维经常按三种不同的方式进行分类。 [0091] Carbon fibers are often performed in three different ways according to the classification. 首先,可以根据模量和强度对碳纤维进行分类。 Firstly, the carbon fibers can be classified according to the modulus and strength. 例子包括超高模量(UHM)纤维(模量大于450千兆帕(Gpa));高模量(HM)纤维(模量为350-450千兆帕);中等模量(頂)纤维(模量为200-350千兆帕);低模量,高拉伸(HT) 纤维(模量小于1〇〇千兆帕且拉伸强度大于3. 0千兆帕);和超高拉伸(SHT)纤维(拉伸强度大于4. 5千兆帕)。 Examples include ultra-high modulus (UHM) fibers (modulus greater than 450 GPa (Gpa)); high modulus (HM) fibers (modulus of 350-450 GPa); medium modulus (top) fibers ( modulus of 200-350 GPa); low modulus, high tensile (HT) fibers (modulus of less than 1〇〇 GPa and a tensile strength of greater than 3.0 GPa); and ultra high tensile (the SHT) fibers (tensile strength greater than 4.5 GPa). 其次,可以根据用于制备纤维的前体材料(如PAN、人造丝、沥青、中间相沥青、各向同性沥青、或气相生长的纤维)对碳纤维进行分类。 Secondly, according to the fibers used to prepare the precursor material (e.g., the PAN, rayon, pitch, mesophase pitch, isotropic pitch, vapor grown fibers or) carbon fiber classification. 第三,可以根据最终热处理温度对碳纤维进行分类。 Third, the carbon fibers can be classified based on the final heat treatment temperature. 例子包括I类高热处理(HTT)纤维(最终热处理温度大于200(TC), II类中等热处理(IHT)纤维(最终热处理温度约为1500°C),和III类低热处理(LHT)纤维(最终热处理不超过l〇〇〇°C)。任何以上碳纤维分类都可用于本发明中。 Examples of class I comprises a high heat treatment (HTT) fibers (final heat treatment temperature is greater than 200 (TC), class II medium heat (the IHT) fibers (final heat treatment temperature of about 1500 ° C), low heat, and Class III (LHT) fibers (final heat treatment does not exceed l〇〇〇 ° C). any of the above carbon fibers used in the present invention can be classified.

[0092] 起始材料、制备含碳纤维的方法、和含碳纤维的种类的例子在以下文献中进行了揭示:Chamberlain的美国专利3319629 ;Sublett等的美国专利3413982 ;Buisson的美国专利3904577 ;Bynre等的美国专利4281671 ;Arakawa等的美国专利4876078 ;Brooks等的美国专利4947874 ;Iizuka的美国专利5230960 ;Paul,Jr•的美国专利5268158;Noland 等的美国专利5338605 ;Endo的美国专利5446005 ;Bair的美国专利5482773 ;Nagata等的美国专利5536486 ;Arterbery等的美国专利5622190 ;Panter等的美国专利7223376 ; Zhang等的美国专利公开2006/0201524 ;Newbery等的美国专利公开2006/0231113 ;这些文献都通过参考结合于此。 [0092] The starting material, method of preparing the carbonaceous fibers, and examples of the type of carbonaceous fibers is disclosed in the following documents: U.S. Patent No. 3,319,629 to Chamberlain; U.S. Patent No. 3,413,982 to Sublett and the like; Buisson of U.S. Patent No. 3904577; Bynre like US Patent No. 4,281,671; US ​​Patent Arakawa, etc. 4,876,078; US Patent Brooks and other 4,947,874; US Patent Iizuka of 5230960; Paul, Jr • US Patent No. 5268158; Noland et al, US patent 5338605; Endo US Patent 5,446,005; US Patent Bair's 5,482,773; U.S. Patent No. 5,536,486 to Nagata et al; U.S. Patent No. 5622190 Arterbery like; Panter U.S. Patent No. 7,223,376 and the like; Zhang et al. U.S. Patent Publication 2006/0201524; Newbery U.S. Patent Publication 2006/0231113 and the like; these references are incorporated by reference this. 在提交国会的报告中提供了具体关于PAN基碳纤维的内容(包括其制造),该报告题为"聚丙烯腈(PAN)碳纤维工业能力评估:0USD(AT&L)工业政策(Polyacrylonitrile(PAN)CarbonFibersIndustrialCapabilityAssessment:0USD (AT&L)IndustrialPolicy)',,可以从http://www.acq.osd.mil/ip/docs/pan_carbon_ fiber_report_to_congress_10-2005.pdf在线获得,该文献通过参考结合于此。 Provides details about the PAN-based carbon fiber (including manufacturing) report to Congress, the report entitled "polyacrylonitrile (PAN) carbon fiber industry capacity assessment: 0USD (AT & L) industrial policy (Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) CarbonFibersIndustrialCapabilityAssessment: 0USD (AT & L) IndustrialPolicy) ',, can be obtained from http://www.acq.osd.mil/ip/docs/pan_carbon_ fiber_report_to_congress_10-2005.pdf line, which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0093] 载体纤维和吸附纤维(如碳纤维)的尺寸可以在不偏离本发明的范围内变化。 [0093] The carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber (e.g., carbon fibers) size may vary within the scope without departing from the invention. 纤维尺寸的变化范围通常约为〇. 5-20旦尼尔。 Fiber size range is typically about square 5-20 denier. 吸附纤维的尺寸经常至少部分地取决于滤嘴元件中需要的吸附剂的量。 Size of the adsorbent fiber is often at least partially dependent on the amount of adsorbent required in the filter element. 例如,可以根据滤嘴中所需的吸附剂的重量,例如本文列出的碳质材料的重量范围,来确定吸附纤维的尺寸。 For example, based on the weight of the adsorbent required for the filter, for example, by weight of the carbonaceous material listed herein, determines the size of the adsorbent fiber.

[0094] 可以将载体纤维和吸附纤维(如碳纤维)相互连接或结合,从而采用任何方法插入香烟过滤材料中,这些方法包括将这两种纤维缠绕、互卷或编织在一起,使用粘合剂或粘结剂将这两种纤维结合在一起,将纤维共挤出,或者使用独立的连接元件(例如独立的线或夹具)将这两种纤维结合在一起。 [0094] The carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber (e.g., carbon fiber) may be connected or bonded to each other, so that any method inserted cigarette filter material, these methods comprise these two types of fibers wound or braided together in mutual volumes, using an adhesive binder or these two fibers together, coextruded fibers, or the use of a separate connection element (e.g., wire or clamps separate) these two fibers together. 各复合纤维结构(即,载体纤维和吸附纤维的组合)可包括一棒或多棒的各种纤维,这意味着,各纤维结构可包括例如1到约20棒载体纤维和1到约20棒吸附纤维。 Each composite fiber structure (i.e., a combination of fibers and carrier fibers adsorption) may comprise a rod or rods of various fibers, which means that each fiber structure may comprise, for example, about 1 to 20 bar and the support fibers 1 to about 20 bar adsorbent fiber.

[0095] 在本发明的另一种实施方式中,过滤材料结合了可降解的纤维材料,这意味着该纤维能进行降解或分解,例如在与纤维材料的处置相关的环境条件下,通过化学反应将该纤维分解成分解产物。 [0095] In another embodiment of the invention, the filter material incorporates biodegradable fiber material, which means that the fiber degradation or decomposition can be performed, for example, in the fiber material associated with the disposal of environmental conditions, chemically the reaction is decomposed into fiber decomposition products. 一种示例性种类的降解是生物降解。 An exemplary type of degradation is biodegradable. 如本文所用,术语"可生物降解的纤维"表示在需氧和/或厌氧的条件下在细菌、真菌、藻类和其他微生物存在下降解成二氧化碳/甲烷、水和生物质,不过含有杂原子的材料也可以产生其他产物,如氨或二氧化硫。 As used herein, the term "biodegradable fibers" means bacteria, fungi, algae and other microorganisms under aerobic conditions in the presence and / or anaerobic degradation to carbon dioxide / methane, water and biomass, but containing hetero atoms the material may also produce other products, such as ammonia or sulfur dioxide. "生物质"一般表示生物体的细胞结构中存在或转化成不能与生物来源材料区分的腐殖质部分的经过新陈代谢的材料的部分。 "Biomass" refers generally to cells present in a living body through metabolism or converted to humus material portion can not distinguish between the material of biological origin. 示例性的可生物降解纤维包括但并不限于纤维素或其他有机植物衍生的纤维(如棉、羊毛、雪松、大麻、竹子、木棉或亚麻),聚乙烯醇,脂族聚酯,脂族聚氨酯,顺-聚异戊二烯,顺-聚丁二烯,聚烷羧酸羟酯,聚酐、及其共聚物和掺混物。 Exemplary biodegradable fibers include, but are not limited to cellulosic or other organic plant derived fibers (such as cotton, wool, cedar, hemp, bamboo, kapok or linen), polyvinyl alcohol, aliphatic polyesters, aliphatic polyurethanes , cis - polyisoprene, cis - polybutadiene, hydroxyalkyl esters of carboxylic acid, polyanhydrides, and copolymers and blends thereof. 术语"脂族聚酯"表示具有结构-[c(0)-R-0]n-的聚合物,其中n是代表聚合物链中单体单元数量的整数,R是脂族烃,优选C1-C10亚烷基,更优选C1-C6亚烷基(如亚甲基、亚乙基、亚丙基、亚异丙基、亚丁基、亚异丁基等),其中亚烷基可以是直链或支链的。 The term "aliphatic polyester" means a structure - [c (0) -R-0] n- polymer, where n is an integer representative of the number of monomer units in the polymer chain, R is an aliphatic hydrocarbon, preferably C1 -C10 alkylene, more preferably C1-C6 alkylene (such as methylene, ethylene, propylene, isopropylene, butylene, isobutylene and the like), wherein the alkylene group can be straight chain or branched. 不例性的脂族聚酯包括聚乙醇酸(PGA),聚乳酸(PLA)(例如聚(L-乳酸)或聚(DL-乳酸)),聚丁酸羟酯(PHB),聚戊酸羟酯(PHV),聚己内酯(PCL)及其共聚物。 No embodiment of aliphatic polyesters include polyglycolic acid (PGA), polylactic acid (PLA) (such as poly (L- lactic acid) or poly (DL-lactic acid)), poly-hydroxyethyl butyrate ester (the PHB), poly pentanoic acid hydroxyesters (PHV), polycaprolactone (PCL), and copolymers thereof.

[0096] 在一些实施方式中,可生物降解的纤维是竹纤维或PLA纤维。 [0096] In some embodiments, the biodegradable fiber is a bamboo fiber or PLA fibers. 合适的竹纤维例如在Zhou等的美国专利7313906中进行了描述,该文献通过参考结合于此。 Suitable bamboo fibers such as described in U.S. Patent No. 7,313,906 to Zhou et al., Which is incorporated by reference herein. 竹纤维可以从ChinaBambroTextileCo.,Ltd购得。 Bamboo fiber commercially available from ChinaBambroTextileCo., Ltd. PLA纤维可以从玉米获得,或者合成制得。 PLA may be obtained from corn fiber, or made synthetically. 合适的PLA纤维在Kaijiyama等的美国专利7445841中进行了描述,该文献通过参考结合于此,可以从NatureWorksLLC购得。 Suitable PLA fibers are described in U.S. Patent No. 7,445,841 Kaijiyama like, incorporated herein by reference, commercially available from NatureWorksLLC.

[0097] 可降解的纤维可以以单独的绞股形式使用,或者作为多股纱线结构中的一部分使用。 [0097] Biodegradable fibers can be used in the form of a single strand, or as part of a multi-ply yarn structure. 在一些实施方式中,纤维材料可以以片材的形式使用。 In some embodiments, the fibrous material can be used in the form of a sheet. 可降解的纤维可以与多种纤维组合使用,例如将不同种类的可降解纤维材料编织在一起,或者采用其他方式组合成单独的结构,或者将可降解纤维与不可降解纤维和/或吸附纤维编织在一起进行组合,或者采用其他方式组合成单独的结构(例如,将竹纤维、棉纤维和碳纤维组合成单独的纤维结构如单纱线结构)。 Degradable fibers may be used in combination with a plurality of fibers, for example woven together different types of biodegradable fiber material, or to use otherwise combined into a single structure, or non-degradable fiber and degradable fiber and / or adsorption woven fibers combined together, or otherwise combined into a single use configuration (e.g., bamboo fibers, cotton fibers, and combination of carbon fibers into a single fiber structure such as a single yarn structure). 或者,可以将多种纤维组合或混合到单独的纤维绞股之内。 Alternatively, a plurality of fibers may be combined or mixed into the individual strands of fiber.

[0098] 将纤维描述成包含特定种类的纤维材料的时候,该纤维可以主要由给定的纤维材料组成(例如以纤维的总重量为基准计大于约50重量%),或者基本由该纤维材料组成(例如大于约90重量%),或者事实上完全由该纤维材料组成(例如大于约98重量%或约为100 重量%)。 [0098] The fiber is described as a fibrous material comprising a specific type of time, the fibers can consist essentially of a given fibrous material (e.g., based on the total weight of the fiber based on the weight of greater than about 50 wt%), or consist essentially of the fibrous material composition (e.g., greater than about 90 wt%), or indeed entirely of the fibrous material (e.g., greater than about 98 wt%, or about 100% by weight). 例如,描述为"竹纤维"的纤维可以结合较少量的竹纤维材料(例如与其他种类的纤维材料组合,或者与添加剂组合),或者可以主要包含竹纤维材料,或者基本由竹纤维材料组成,或者事实上完全由竹纤维材料组成。 For example, described as "bamboo fibers" may be combined with a relatively small amount of fiber bamboo fiber material (e.g. in combination with other types of fiber materials, or in combination with additives), or may comprise primarily material of bamboo fiber, bamboo fiber, or a material substantially , or indeed entirely of bamboo fiber material.

[0099] 可降解纤维可用作如本文所述的吸附材料的载体纤维(如碳纤维),或者用作其他适合改变抽烟制品的味道或香味的添加剂载体,或者同时用作吸附材料和味道/香味添加剂的载体。 [0099] The biodegradable fiber may be used as adsorbent support fibers (e.g., carbon fiber), or as other suitable additives to change the taste or aroma of the carrier of smoking articles, or as both an adsorbent material and flavor / aroma herein carrier additives. 或者,可降解纤维本身的固有性质可改变通过滤嘴的烟雾的特性或性质。 Alternatively, the inherent properties of biodegradable fibers themselves may change the characteristics or nature of the smoke through the filter. 示例性的调味剂或香味剂包括能通过例如在纤维状结构之内进行吸收、粘合、或物理缠结之类的方法结合到纤维结构中的任何固体或液体组合物。 Exemplary flavoring agents or flavorants include, for example, can be within the absorbent fibrous structure, bonding, physical entanglement method or the like, or incorporated into any solid or liquid composition in the fibrous structure. 所述添加剂可以是任何能够例如通过调味剂或除臭剂的作用改变从过滤材料通过的烟雾的特性或性质的组合物。 The additive may be capable of changing the composition of any of the smoke through the filter material by the action of, for example, flavoring or deodorant characteristics or properties. 示例性的添加剂包括能改变主流烟雾的味道和/或香味的天然或合成调味剂,从而赋予不限于清新、甜味、 草药、糖果、芬芳、果味或辛辣的味道特性。 Exemplary additives include alter the taste of the mainstream smoke and / or aroma of a natural or synthetic flavoring agent, thereby imparting the fresh limited to, sweet taste profile, herbs, candy, sweet, fruity or spicy. 具体种类的调味剂或香味剂包括但并不限于: 香草,咖啡,巧克力/可可,奶油,薄荷,留兰香,薄荷脑,胡椒薄荷,冬青,桉树,熏衣草,豆蔻,肉豆蔻,肉桂,丁香,苦香树,檀香,蜂蜜,茉莉,姜,茴香,鼠尾草,干草,柠檬,柑橘,苹果, 桃子,酸橙,樱桃,草莓,及其任意组合。 Specific types of flavors or fragrances include, but are not limited to: vanilla, coffee, chocolate / cocoa, cream, mint, spearmint, menthol, peppermint, wintergreen, eucalyptus, lavender, cardamom, nutmeg, cinnamon , cloves, bitter incense tree, sandalwood, honey, jasmine, ginger, fennel, sage, hay, lemon, orange, apple, peach, lime, cherry, strawberry, and any combination thereof. 还参见Leffingwell等,用于吸烟产品的烟草调味(TobaccoFlavoringforSmokingProducts),RJReynoldsTobaccoCompany(1972), 该文献通过参考结合于此。 See also, Leffingwell et al, Tobacco flavoring (TobaccoFlavoringforSmokingProducts) for a smoking article, RJReynoldsTobaccoCompany (1972), which is incorporated by reference herein. 调味剂还可包含被认为是湿润剂、清凉剂或平缓剂的组分,例如桉树组分。 Flavoring agent may further comprise a humectant component is considered, a cooling agent or a gradual agents, such as eucalyptus component. 这些调味剂可以以净方式(即,单独)提供,或者以复合方式(例如留兰香和薄荷脑,或者柑橘和肉桂)提供。 These flavoring agents may be (i.e., separately) net way or manner to provide a composite (e.g., spearmint and menthol, or orange and cinnamon). 示例性的除臭剂包括任何适合掩蔽或除去烟草烟雾香味的组合物。 Exemplary deodorant composition include any suitable removal or masking flavor tobacco smoke. 一种示例性的组合物包含无机盐和臭味吸附剂,如Leskowitz的美国专利7407922中所述,该文献通过参考结合于此。 An exemplary composition comprises an inorganic salt and odor adsorbents, such as U.S. Patent No. Leskowitz 7,407,922, which is incorporated by reference herein. 另一种除臭组合物包含桔子精油馏分,如Higashi等美国专利7434586中所述,该文献通过参考结合于此。 Another deodorant composition comprising an orange essential oil fraction, as described in U.S. Patent No. 7,434,586 Higashi like, which is incorporated by reference herein.

[0100] 可以采用与本文所述载体纤维/吸附材料实施方式相同的方式将可降解纤维结合到过滤材料中。 [0100] incorporated into the filter material may be employed in the manner described herein carrier fiber / adsorbent material the same embodiment will be biodegradable fiber. 例如,可降解纤维可用作图5和6中所示的复合纤维结构中的载体纤维。 For example, the degradable composite fiber structure as shown in FIGS. 5 and 6 may be used as the fibers of the carrier fibers. 或者,可降解纤维可嵌入过滤材料中,不存在第二纤维结构。 Alternatively, the biodegradable fiber may be embedded in the filter material, the second fibrous structure does not exist. 例如,包含调味剂的可降解纤维可以加到过滤材料上。 For example, flavoring agents comprising a biodegradable fibers can be added to the filter material. 在另一种实施方式中,含有或不含本文所述添加剂的可降解纤维可以结合到抽烟制品滤嘴中使用的任何包装材料中,例如接装纸材料或水松纸材料中。 In another embodiment, with or without the additives described herein may be incorporated into the biodegradable fiber smoking article of any packaging material used in the filter, for example, tipping paper or tipping paper material, material.

[0101] 在另一种实施方式中,可以用不可降解的纤维,例如本文所述的通常不被看作是具有可降解性质的任何合成纤维材料(如聚对苯二甲酸乙二酯或聚丙烯),代替可降解纤维。 [0101] In another embodiment, the non-biodegradable fibers can be used, such as described herein is generally not considered to be of any synthetic material having biodegradable properties (e.g., polyethylene terephthalate or polyethylene propylene), instead of the biodegradable fiber. 可以在本文所述的任何应用中使用不可降解的纤维来代替可降解纤维。 Non-degradable fibers may be used in any application described herein in place of biodegradable fiber. 可降解纤维和不可降解的纤维都可以从天然材料、合成材料、或者经过化学改性的天然来源材料得到。 Degradable and non-degradable fibers are fibers of natural materials, synthetic materials, or materials obtained from natural sources via chemically modified.

[0102] 嵌入滤嘴元件之内的可降解纤维或不可降解纤维的数量可以变化。 Biodegradable fiber in [0102] embedded in the filter element, or the number of non-biodegradable fibers may change. 插入滤嘴元件区段之内的纤维的典型数量范围是1到约500根纤维,更通常是1到约100根纤维,经常是1到约50根纤维。 The filter element is inserted in the fiber section of a typical amount ranging from 1 to about 500 fibers, more typically 1 to about 100 fibers, often 1 to about 50 fibers.

[0103] 图5说明嵌入滤嘴区段32之内的复合纤维结构60的一个例子。 [0103] Figure 5 illustrates an example of the composite fiber is embedded in the structure 60 of the filter section 32. 虽然图5中示出了多重复合纤维结构60,但是,复合纤维结构的数量可以变化。 Although FIG. 5 shows a multi-fiber composite structure 60, however, the number of composite fiber structures can vary. 滤嘴26中结合的复合纤维结构60的示例性数量范围是1到约500个,更通常是1到约100个,经常是1到约50个。 An exemplary amount ranging fiber composite structure 60 is incorporated in the filter 26 1 to about 500, more typically 1 to about 100, often about 50 to 1. 复合纤维结构60可以包含在图5所示的多段滤嘴26的单独段32中,或者复合纤维结构可以嵌入只包含单独段的滤嘴元件之内,或者可延伸通过多段式滤嘴的多个区段。 Composite fiber structure 60 may be included in a single multi-section filter section shown in FIG. 32 of 526, or a composite fiber structure may comprise only embedded within the individual segments of the filter element, or may extend through a plurality of multi-stage filter section. 复合纤维结构60可以如图5所示在香烟滤嘴的纵向线性延伸,或者可以垂直于滤嘴元件的纵轴延伸,或者可以按不同的角度在整个滤嘴区段中随机分散。 Composite fiber structure 60 may be linear as shown in FIG cigarette filter in the longitudinal extension, or may be perpendicular to the longitudinal extension of the filter element, or may be dispersed randomly at different angles throughout the filter section. 如图6所示,复合纤维结构60可包括至少一种载体纤维62和至少一种吸附纤维64。 6, the composite fiber structure 60 may comprise at least one carrier and at least one adsorbent fiber 62 fiber 64.

[0104] 如图5和6所示,一种连接两种类型纤维的方法是在载体纤维62的周围包裹吸附纤维64。 As shown in [0104] Figures 5 and 6, a method of connecting the two types of fibers is wrapped around the carrier fiber 62 of the adsorbent fiber 64. 在单位长度载体纤维62上吸附纤维64包裹数量可以变化,取决于一些因素,其中包括滤嘴元件中所需的吸附材料量。 Adsorbed per unit length in the fiber carrier fiber 6264 may vary the number of packages, depending on a number of factors, including the amount of adsorbent required for the filter element. 载体纤维62周围吸附纤维64的示例性包裹范围是每英寸载体纤维包裹1到约50圈吸附纤维。 Adsorbent fiber 62 around the carrier fiber 64 of the exemplary package wrapped fibers per inch in the range of 1 to about 50 ring carrier adsorbent fiber.

[0105] 本领域普通技术人员通过以上说明书内容将会理解本发明的许多改进和其他实施方式;对本领域普通技术人员显而易见的是,可以在不偏离本发明范围或精神的条件下对本发明进行改变和修改。 [0105] DISCLOSURE above those of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that many modifications and other embodiments of the present invention; those of ordinary skill will be apparent that changes may be made to the invention without departing from the scope or spirit of the invention and modify. 因此,应该理解,本发明并不限于所揭示的具体实施方式,所述改进和其他实施方式包括在所附权利要求的范围之内。 Accordingly, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed, the modifications and other embodiments within the scope of the appended claims. 虽然本文使用了具体的术语,但是这些术语仅以一般和说明性的含义使用,并不构成限制。 Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense, not limiting.

Claims (10)

1. 一种香烟滤嘴,其包括: 至少一个滤嘴段,所述滤嘴段包括其中嵌有一种或多种复合纤维结构的纤维状丝束材料,该复合纤维结构包含与吸附纤维相连的载体纤维,该吸附纤维包含吸附材料,该载体纤维被构造成将吸附纤维释放到纤维状丝束材料中。 1. A cigarette filter, comprising: at least one filter segment, said filter segments comprises a fibrous strand material embedded therein one or more composite fiber structure, which structure comprises a fiber composite fibers connected with adsorbed support fibers, the adsorbent fiber comprising an adsorbent material, the fibers are configured to support the release of fibers into the fibrous tow adsorbing material.
2. 如权利要求1所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述吸附纤维是碳质纤维。 2. The cigarette filter according to claim 1, wherein the adsorbent fiber is a carbonaceous fiber.
3. 如权利要求2所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述碳质纤维通过前体纤维的碳化制备。 3. The cigarette filter according to claim 2, wherein said carbonaceous fibers prepared by carbonizing the precursor fiber.
4. 如权利要求3所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述前体纤维选自下组:酚类纤维、纤维素纤维、人造丝纤维、丙烯酸类纤维和沥青纤维。 4. The cigarette filter according to claim 3, wherein the group of the precursor is selected from: phenolic fibers, cellulose fibers, rayon fibers, acrylic fibers, and pitch fibers.
5. 如权利要求1所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述载体纤维和吸附纤维中的至少一种为纱线的形式。 5. The cigarette filter according to claim 1, characterized in that the carrier fiber and the adsorbent fiber to form at least one yarn.
6. 如权利要求1所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,将吸附纤维包裹在载体纤维周围。 6. The cigarette filter according to claim 1, wherein the adsorbent fiber is wrapped around the carrier fiber.
7. 如权利要求6所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述复合纤维具有在每英寸载体纤维上限制包裹约1-50圈的吸附纤维。 7. The cigarette filter according to claim 6, wherein said composite fiber has a limitation on the carrier fiber wrapped about 1-50 turns per inch adsorbent fiber.
8. 如权利要求1所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,所述纤维状丝束材料是乙酸纤维素丝束。 8. The cigarette filter according to claim 1, wherein the fibrous tow is cellulose acetate tow material.
9. 如权利要求1所述的香烟滤嘴,其特征在于,通过将吸附纤维和载体纤维缠绕、互卷或编织在一起,使这两种纤维相连;使用粘合剂或粘结剂将这两种纤维结合在一起;将两种纤维共挤出;或者使用独立的连接元件将这两种纤维结合。 9. The cigarette filter according to claim 1, wherein the carrier by adsorbing fibers and filament winding, or volume cross-braided together, so that the two fibers are connected; these adhesive or adhesive two fibers together; co-extruding the two fibers; or using a separate binding fibers connecting these two elements.
10. -种抽烟制品,其包括由包装材料限定的可点燃抽吸的材料棒,该可点燃抽吸材料棒与如权利要求1-9中任一项所述的香烟滤嘴相连。 10. - species smoking article, comprising packaging material defined by a smokable material rod, the smokable material rod and a cigarette filter as claimed in claim any one of claims 1-9 connected.
CN201310165893.0A 2008-05-21 2009-05-21 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter assembly for smoking articles and smoking articles made therefrom CN103222684B (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US12/124,891 2008-05-21
US12/124,891 US8079369B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2008-05-21 Method of forming a cigarette filter rod member
US12/124,874 US8375958B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2008-05-21 Cigarette filter comprising a carbonaceous fiber
US12/124,874 2008-05-21
US12/392,725 2009-02-25
US12/392,725 US8613284B2 (en) 2008-05-21 2009-02-25 Cigarette filter comprising a degradable fiber
CN2009801187807A CN102046033B (en) 2008-05-21 2009-05-21 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter component of a smoking article
CN200980118780.72009.05.21 2009-05-21

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103222684A CN103222684A (en) 2013-07-31
CN103222684B true CN103222684B (en) 2015-11-18

Family

ID=40983562

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201310165893.0A CN103222684B (en) 2008-05-21 2009-05-21 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter assembly for smoking articles and smoking articles made therefrom
CN2009801187807A CN102046033B (en) 2008-05-21 2009-05-21 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter component of a smoking article

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009801187807A CN102046033B (en) 2008-05-21 2009-05-21 Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter component of a smoking article

Country Status (5)

Country Link
EP (2) EP2323506B2 (en)
JP (2) JP5438760B2 (en)
CN (2) CN103222684B (en)
ES (2) ES2603646T3 (en)
WO (1) WO2009143338A2 (en)

Families Citing this family (25)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB0905210D0 (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-05-13 British American Tobacco Co Rod for a smoking article and method and apparatus for manufacture
GB0922254D0 (en) * 2009-12-21 2010-02-03 British American Tobacco Co Enhancing the disintegration and/or degradation of a smoking article
CN103209606A (en) * 2010-10-06 2013-07-17 塞拉尼斯醋酸纤维有限公司 Smoke filters for smoking devices with porous masses having a carbon particle loading and an encapsulated pressure drop
CN101828770A (en) * 2010-05-11 2010-09-15 四川三联卷烟材料有限公司 Smiling face filter stick
US9149070B2 (en) * 2011-07-14 2015-10-06 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Segmented cigarette filter for selective smoke filtration
UA115426C2 (en) * 2011-09-09 2017-11-10 Філіп Морріс Продактс С.А. Smoking article filter including polymeric insert
GB201116425D0 (en) * 2011-09-23 2011-11-02 British American Tobacco Co Filter materials and uses thereof
US10064429B2 (en) * 2011-09-23 2018-09-04 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Mixed fiber product for use in the manufacture of cigarette filter elements and related methods, systems, and apparatuses
US20130085052A1 (en) * 2011-09-29 2013-04-04 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Apparatus for Inserting Microcapsule Objects into a Filter Element of a Smoking Article, and Associated Method
EP2625974A1 (en) * 2012-02-13 2013-08-14 Philip Morris Products S.A. Aerosol-generating article having a flavour-generating component
US9854833B2 (en) 2012-02-16 2018-01-02 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Apparatus and associated method for forming a filter component of a smoking article
GB2503644A (en) * 2012-05-03 2014-01-08 British American Tobacco Co Filter
US9179709B2 (en) 2012-07-25 2015-11-10 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Mixed fiber sliver for use in the manufacture of cigarette filter elements
CN103054181B (en) * 2012-12-27 2015-02-11 广东中烟工业有限责任公司 Coffee or cocoa composite particle filtering bar and manufacturing method thereof
RS58290B1 (en) * 2013-03-28 2019-03-29 Philip Morris Products Sa Smoking article including a flavour delivery member
US20150027468A1 (en) * 2013-07-25 2015-01-29 Altria Client Services Inc. Electronic smoking article
CN104432503B (en) * 2013-09-18 2018-05-22 贵州中烟工业有限责任公司 Cigarette type slow release cores wine and preparation and application
JP2016220545A (en) * 2013-10-25 2016-12-28 日本たばこ産業株式会社 Filters for cigarettes
SI3082482T1 (en) * 2013-12-20 2018-04-30 Philip Morris Products S.A. Smoking article having a filter including a capsule
CN104018401A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-09-03 滁州卷烟材料厂 Tipping paper base paper with health care function and preparation method thereof
CN104005257B (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-06-08 滁州卷烟材料厂 Tipping paper and method for preparing water-degradable
CN104005256A (en) * 2014-05-30 2014-08-27 滁州卷烟材料厂 Raw tipping paper for waterproof and safe cigarettes and preparation method thereof
CN104005259B (en) * 2014-05-30 2016-06-08 滁州卷烟材料厂 High air-permeable tipping paper having base paper and a method for preparing a flame retardant effect
JP6041415B1 (en) * 2016-07-04 2016-12-07 田山 ▲吉▼基 How to below during suction tar components 1mg in cigarette filters with the filter.
WO2018189201A1 (en) * 2017-04-14 2018-10-18 Philip Morris Products S.A. Filter component

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88101084A (en) * 1987-02-27 1988-09-28 R·J·雷诺兹烟草公司 Method for making smoking article and components for use therein
CN1040496A (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-03-21 菲利普莫里斯生产公司 Smoking article
CN1042054A (en) * 1988-10-05 1990-05-16 烟草合成有限公司 Tobacco smoke filter containing particulate additive
CN1451325A (en) * 2002-04-18 2003-10-29 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Cigeratte filter-tip and method for making same

Family Cites Families (180)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US2881770A (en) 1954-05-27 1959-04-14 Eastman Kodak Co Fibrous tobacco smoke filters
NL252242A (en) 1959-06-03
US3101723A (en) 1960-11-15 1963-08-27 Philip Morris Inc Fibrous cigarette filter
NL282359A (en) 1961-09-19
US3311519A (en) 1964-01-28 1967-03-28 Eastman Kodak Co Additive filter
GB1058343A (en) 1964-04-20 1967-02-08 Philip Morris Inc Filter unit for smoking articles
US3347247A (en) 1964-05-14 1967-10-17 Philip Morris Inc Tobacco smoke filter
US3349780A (en) 1964-11-04 1967-10-31 Eastman Kodak Co Acetate filter elements containing carbon
US3366121A (en) 1964-12-15 1968-01-30 H 2 O Filter Corp Filter cigarettes
US3370595A (en) 1965-01-04 1968-02-27 Celanese Corp Smoke filters
DE1300854B (en) 1965-05-14 1969-08-07 Reemtsma H F & Ph Filters for cigarettes
US3319629A (en) 1965-05-20 1967-05-16 American Cyanamid Co Filter cigarette
US3217715A (en) 1965-05-24 1965-11-16 American Filtrona Corp Smoke filter and smoking devices formed therewith
US3413982A (en) 1965-08-04 1968-12-03 Eastman Kodak Co Tobacco smoke filter employing ethylene copolymer bonding material
US3428049A (en) 1965-12-21 1969-02-18 American Tobacco Co Tobacco smoke filter element
US3602231A (en) 1969-12-12 1971-08-31 H 2 D Filter Corp The Means for audible detection of the activation of a filter for smoking devices
IL37274D0 (en) * 1970-07-29 1971-10-20 Celfil Co Filters for tobacco products and method for their manufacture
US3648711A (en) 1970-08-11 1972-03-14 American Filtrona Corp Tobacco smoke filter
GB1331096A (en) 1970-10-07 1973-09-19 British American Tobacco Co Tobacco-smoke filters
BE787501A (en) 1971-08-12 1973-02-12 Rhone Poulenc Textile textile articles protective clothing and method to get
DE2232892A1 (en) 1972-07-05 1974-01-24 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg Apparatus for wrapping a continuous tobacco rod
US3972335A (en) 1972-09-20 1976-08-03 Calgon Corporation Mentholated cigarette filter
US3957563A (en) 1974-02-22 1976-05-18 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Method and apparatus for the manufacture of filter rods containing particulate material by a split rod technique
CH613850A5 (en) 1976-11-26 1979-10-31 Baumgartner Papiers Sa
JPS569109B2 (en) * 1977-01-13 1981-02-27
DE2703288A1 (en) 1977-01-27 1978-08-03 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg Method and apparatus for sealing a seam of a strangfoermigen product of the tobacco-processing industry
CH608177A5 (en) 1977-02-21 1978-12-29 Neukomm Serge
US4174720A (en) 1977-04-26 1979-11-20 Liggett Group Inc. Glue transfer apparatus for cigarette filters
GB2020158B (en) 1978-04-21 1982-11-24 Cigarette Components Ltd Production of tobacco smoke filters
US4474190A (en) 1981-03-21 1984-10-02 Hauni-Werke Korber & Co. Kg Method and apparatus for regulating the operation of machines for the production of cigarettes or the like
DE3345608A1 (en) 1983-02-04 1984-08-09 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg A method and apparatus for forming articles of the tobacco processing industry stabfoermigen
IT1178561B (en) 1983-10-12 1987-09-09 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg Method and device for forming a tobacco strand, and cigarettes produced by a production line of this type
JPH0413449B2 (en) 1984-04-20 1992-03-09 Nikkiso Co Ltd
US5012823A (en) 1984-08-03 1991-05-07 Philip Morris Incorporated Tobacco processing
US4793365A (en) 1984-09-14 1988-12-27 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article
CN1018607B (en) 1984-12-21 1992-10-14 美国耳·杰·瑞诺兹烟草公司 Smoking article
US4781203A (en) 1985-05-15 1988-11-01 Hue Paul D Method and apparatus for making self-extinguishing cigarette
US4989619A (en) 1985-08-26 1991-02-05 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with improved fuel element
US5020548A (en) 1985-08-26 1991-06-04 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with improved fuel element
US4756318A (en) 1985-10-28 1988-07-12 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US5033483A (en) 1985-10-28 1991-07-23 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with tobacco jacket
US4917128A (en) 1985-10-28 1990-04-17 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. Cigarette
ZA8700623B (en) 1986-03-10 1987-11-25 Gen Electric Apparatus for monitoring temperatures of implements during brazing
US5076297A (en) 1986-03-14 1991-12-31 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Method for preparing carbon fuel for smoking articles and product produced thereby
US4771795A (en) 1986-05-15 1988-09-20 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with dual burn rate fuel element
DE3631227C2 (en) 1986-09-13 1994-09-01 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg Method and apparatus for producing cigarette
GB8622606D0 (en) 1986-09-19 1986-10-22 Imp Tobacco Ltd Smoking article
US5268158A (en) 1987-03-11 1993-12-07 Hercules Incorporated High modulus pan-based carbon fiber
US4862905A (en) 1987-06-15 1989-09-05 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Rods containing pelletized material
DE3725364A1 (en) 1987-07-31 1989-02-09 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg A method and arrangement for forming a strand of fibers of tobacco or other material rauchfaehigen
US4821749A (en) 1988-01-22 1989-04-18 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Extruded tobacco materials
US4811745A (en) 1988-02-04 1989-03-14 Hercules Incorporated Method and device for control of by-products from cigarette smoke
US5360023A (en) 1988-05-16 1994-11-01 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette filter
US5137034A (en) 1988-05-16 1992-08-11 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with improved means for delivering flavorants
US4991606A (en) 1988-07-22 1991-02-12 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US5076296A (en) 1988-07-22 1991-12-31 Philip Morris Incorporated Carbon heat source
US4966171A (en) 1988-07-22 1990-10-30 Philip Morris Incorporated Smoking article
US4925602A (en) 1988-08-10 1990-05-15 Filter Materials Limited Method for improving the crimping of polyolefin filter tow
GB8819291D0 (en) 1988-08-12 1988-09-14 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking articles
US4947874A (en) 1988-09-08 1990-08-14 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking articles utilizing electrical energy
US5040551A (en) 1988-11-01 1991-08-20 Catalytica, Inc. Optimizing the oxidation of carbon monoxide
US5211684A (en) 1989-01-10 1993-05-18 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Catalyst containing smoking articles for reducing carbon monoxide
GB8901579D0 (en) 1989-01-25 1989-03-15 Imp Tobacco Co Ltd Improvements to smoking articles
US5536486A (en) 1989-03-15 1996-07-16 Petoca Ltd. Carbon fibers and non-woven fabrics
DE3910059C1 (en) 1989-03-28 1990-11-15 B.A.T. Cigarettenfabriken Gmbh, 2000 Hamburg, De Smokable article
US4961438A (en) 1989-04-03 1990-10-09 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Smoking device
US5271419A (en) 1989-09-29 1993-12-21 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US5105836A (en) 1989-09-29 1992-04-21 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor
US5074321A (en) 1989-09-29 1991-12-24 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
JP2947574B2 (en) 1989-11-17 1999-09-13 ダイセル化学工業株式会社 High crimp modulus acetate tow and a manufacturing method thereof
JP2717232B2 (en) 1990-01-12 1998-02-18 群栄化学工業株式会社 Activated carbon fiber structure and a manufacturing method thereof
US5338605A (en) 1990-01-31 1994-08-16 Ketema, Inc. Hollow carbon fibers
US5027837A (en) 1990-02-27 1991-07-02 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US5099861A (en) 1990-02-27 1992-03-31 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Aerosol delivery article
US5183062A (en) 1990-02-27 1993-02-02 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
DE4006843C2 (en) 1990-03-05 2001-10-18 Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg Format for a rod-making machine for the manufacture of smoking articles or filter rods
US5191905A (en) * 1990-03-16 1993-03-09 Costarica Sogo Kaihatsu Co., Ltd. Filter cigarette having filter containing absorptive synthetic graft polymer fibers produced from irradiated polyethylene reacted with vapor phase styrene or absorptive synthetic magnetic fibers
US5159944A (en) 1990-05-24 1992-11-03 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US5240014A (en) 1990-07-20 1993-08-31 Philip Morris Incorporated Catalytic conversion of carbon monoxide from carbonaceous heat sources
US5101839A (en) 1990-08-15 1992-04-07 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette and smokable filler material therefor
US5396911A (en) 1990-08-15 1995-03-14 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Substrate material for smoking articles
US5148821A (en) 1990-08-17 1992-09-22 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Processes for producing a smokable and/or combustible tobacco material
US5622190A (en) 1990-08-24 1997-04-22 Philip Morris Incorporated Concentric smoking filter having cellulose acetate tow periphery and carbon-particle-loaded web filter core
US5105837A (en) 1990-08-28 1992-04-21 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Smoking article with improved wrapper
US5065776A (en) 1990-08-29 1991-11-19 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette with tobacco/glass fuel wrapper
US5191906A (en) 1990-10-30 1993-03-09 Philip Morris Incorporated Process for making wrappers for smoking articles which modify the burn rate of the smoking article
US5156169A (en) 1990-11-06 1992-10-20 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Apparatus for making cigarettes
US5131416A (en) 1990-12-17 1992-07-21 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette
US5240016A (en) 1991-04-19 1993-08-31 Philip Morris Incorporated Thermally releasable gel-based flavor source for smoking articles
US5178167A (en) 1991-06-28 1993-01-12 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Carbonaceous composition for fuel elements of smoking articles and method of modifying the burning characteristics thereof
US5482773A (en) 1991-07-01 1996-01-09 E. I. Du Pont De Nemours And Company Activated carbon-containing fibrids
US5220930A (en) 1992-02-26 1993-06-22 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette with wrapper having additive package
CA2090918C (en) 1992-03-25 2006-01-17 Robert Leonard Meiring Components for smoking articles and process for making same
US5387285A (en) 1992-06-02 1995-02-07 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Apparatus for injecting a fluid into filter tow
JPH0617321A (en) 1992-06-25 1994-01-25 Morinobu Endo Pitch-based activated carbon fiber
GB9214267D0 (en) 1992-07-04 1992-08-19 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking articles
US5345955A (en) 1992-09-17 1994-09-13 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Composite fuel element for smoking articles
US5469871A (en) 1992-09-17 1995-11-28 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette and method of making same
PH30299A (en) 1993-04-07 1997-02-20 Reynolds Tobacco Co R Fuel element composition
US5468266A (en) 1993-06-02 1995-11-21 Philip Morris Incorporated Method for making a carbonaceous heat source containing metal oxide
US5404890A (en) 1993-06-11 1995-04-11 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette filter
AU675573B2 (en) * 1993-09-30 1997-02-06 British-American Tobacco Company Limited Improvements relating to tobacco smoke filter elements
BE1007973A7 (en) * 1994-02-15 1995-11-28 Hens Olivier Filter
AT319337T (en) 1994-09-07 2006-03-15 British American Tobacco Co A smoking article
US6089857A (en) 1996-06-21 2000-07-18 Japan Tobacco, Inc. Heater for generating flavor and flavor generation appliance
US5911224A (en) * 1997-05-01 1999-06-15 Filtrona International Limited Biodegradable polyvinyl alcohol tobacco smoke filters, tobacco smoke products incorporating such filters, and methods and apparatus for making same
JP2931810B1 (en) * 1998-03-31 1999-08-09 日本たばこ産業株式会社 Biodegradable cellulose acetate molded article and cigarette filter plugs
DE19844167A1 (en) 1998-09-25 2000-04-06 Ticona Gmbh Activated carbon filter
DE60036202T2 (en) * 1999-03-11 2008-05-21 Japan Tobacco Inc. Biodegradable objects from cellulose acetate and tobacco smoke filter
ES2276193T3 (en) 1999-06-18 2007-06-16 Toray Industries, Inc. Polylactic acid resin, textile products obtained therefrom and processes for producing textiles.
US6360751B1 (en) 1999-12-01 2002-03-26 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Asymmetrical trimmer disk apparatus
GB9928853D0 (en) 1999-12-07 2000-02-02 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking articles
US7223376B2 (en) 2000-02-10 2007-05-29 Industrial Technology And Equipment Company Apparatus and method for making carbon fibers
MY128157A (en) 2000-04-20 2007-01-31 Philip Morris Prod High efficiency cigarette filters having shaped micro cavity fibers impregnated with adsorbent or absorbent materials
US6537186B1 (en) 2000-07-05 2003-03-25 Baumgartner Papiers S.A. Process and apparatus for high-speed filling of composite cigarette filters
DE60124571T2 (en) 2000-08-29 2007-09-06 Japan Tobacco Inc. A process for producing a smoking article with a low fire-spreading
KR100498622B1 (en) 2000-09-08 2005-07-01 니뽄 다바코 산교 가부시키가이샤 Method and device for producing low flame propagation cigarette
US6789547B1 (en) 2000-10-31 2004-09-14 Philip Morris Incorporated Carbon technology
ES2310562T3 (en) 2000-11-06 2009-01-16 Japan Tobacco Inc. Deodorant composition against the smell of snuff, deodorant smell remover and snuff package snuff and cigarettes with reduced sidestream smoke smell.
WO2002037990A2 (en) 2000-11-10 2002-05-16 Vector Tobacco Ltd. Method and product for removing carcinogens from tobacco smoke
JP3941384B2 (en) 2000-12-05 2007-07-04 アイダエンジニアリング株式会社 Drive device and of the press machine slide drive apparatus and method
AT468033T (en) 2001-02-22 2010-06-15 Philip Morris Prod Cigarette and filter arranged with behind aromatising
US7281540B2 (en) 2002-12-20 2007-10-16 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment and methods for manufacturing cigarettes
US7275548B2 (en) 2001-06-27 2007-10-02 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment for manufacturing cigarettes
US20030066539A1 (en) 2001-08-01 2003-04-10 Figlar James N. Cigarette Filter
US7237559B2 (en) 2001-08-14 2007-07-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Wrapping materials for smoking articles
US6598607B2 (en) 2001-10-24 2003-07-29 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Non-combustible smoking device and fuel element
US6532965B1 (en) 2001-10-24 2003-03-18 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Smoking article using steam as an aerosol-generating source
WO2003047836A1 (en) 2001-11-30 2003-06-12 Philip Morris Products S.A. Continuous process for impregnating solid adsorbent particles into shaped micro-cavity fibers and fiber filters
ES2269284T3 (en) 2001-12-18 2007-04-01 British American Tobacco (Germany) Gmbh Filter for a smokable article.
US7784471B2 (en) 2003-01-09 2010-08-31 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Cigarette filter with beaded carbon
MY135471A (en) 2002-01-09 2008-04-30 Philip Morris Prod Cigarette filter with beaded carbon
US6779530B2 (en) 2002-01-23 2004-08-24 Schweitzer-Mauduit International, Inc. Smoking articles with reduced ignition proclivity characteristics
DE10202847A1 (en) 2002-01-24 2003-08-07 Hauni Maschinenbau Ag Garniture tongue of a garniture
DE10205055A1 (en) 2002-02-07 2003-08-14 Hauni Maschinenbau Ag Method and device for conveying a wrapping strip in a machine of the tobacco-processing industry
US20030159703A1 (en) 2002-02-22 2003-08-28 Zuyin Yang Flavored carbon useful as filtering material of smoking article
US7074170B2 (en) 2002-03-29 2006-07-11 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Method and apparatus for making cigarette filters with a centrally located flavored element
JP4475958B2 (en) * 2002-04-12 2010-06-09 フィリップ・モーリス・プロダクツ・ソシエテ・アノニム Activated carbon fiber cigarette filter
GB0209690D0 (en) 2002-04-27 2002-06-05 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking articles and smokable filler materials therefor
CA2494296C (en) 2002-08-09 2008-07-08 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Improvements relating to filter-tip cigarettes and method of manufacturing same
CN100557106C (en) 2003-02-27 2009-11-04 株洲雪松麻业有限责任公司 Spinning yarn containing bamboo fibril and mfg method thereof
US7370657B2 (en) 2003-04-02 2008-05-13 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Activated carbon-containing sorbent
GB0310034D0 (en) 2003-04-30 2003-06-04 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to material application to rod wrappers
GB0316171D0 (en) 2003-07-10 2003-08-13 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking article filters
AT361004T (en) 2003-09-03 2007-05-15 Hauni Maschinenbau Ag A method and apparatus for producing a filter rod
US7115085B2 (en) 2003-09-12 2006-10-03 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Method and apparatus for incorporating objects into cigarette filters
ES2340084T3 (en) * 2003-09-30 2010-05-28 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Filter cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material.
US7856990B2 (en) 2003-09-30 2010-12-28 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
US7240678B2 (en) * 2003-09-30 2007-07-10 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
US20050066986A1 (en) 2003-09-30 2005-03-31 Nestor Timothy Brian Smokable rod for a cigarette
US7234471B2 (en) 2003-10-09 2007-06-26 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Cigarette and wrapping materials therefor
US8381738B2 (en) 2003-12-22 2013-02-26 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Composite materials and their use in smoking articles
GB0404324D0 (en) 2004-02-27 2004-03-31 British American Tobacco Co Smoking article and apparatus and process for manufacturing a smoking article
AU2005244726B2 (en) 2004-05-24 2010-08-26 British American Tobacco (Investments) Ltd Molecularly imprinted polymers selective for nitrosamines and methods of using the same
GB0411988D0 (en) 2004-05-28 2004-06-30 British American Tobacco Co Smoking articles and smoking materials
US20050268925A1 (en) 2004-06-03 2005-12-08 Brown & Williamson Tobacco Corporation Application of mesoporous molecular sieves as selective smoke filtration additives
RS51472B (en) 2004-11-10 2011-04-30 Philip Morris Products S.A. Capsuled adsorbent flavored filter
GB0426615D0 (en) * 2004-12-03 2005-01-05 Filtrona Suisse Sa Tobacco smoke filter
US20070261706A1 (en) 2004-12-15 2007-11-15 Ashesh Banerjea Cigarette with carbon on tow filter
US8408216B2 (en) 2004-12-22 2013-04-02 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Flavor carrier for use in smoking articles
US20060144410A1 (en) 2004-12-30 2006-07-06 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Surface-modified activated carbon in smoking articles
US8539957B2 (en) 2005-01-14 2013-09-24 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Cigarettes and cigarette filters including activated carbon for removing nitric oxide
GB0506278D0 (en) 2005-03-29 2005-05-04 British American Tobacco Co Porous carbon materials and smoking articles and smoke filters therefor incorporating such materials
US7878209B2 (en) 2005-04-13 2011-02-01 Philip Morris Usa Inc. Thermally insulative smoking article filter components
EP1738821A1 (en) 2005-06-17 2007-01-03 British American Tobacco Italia S.p.A. Method of reducing the level of nitrogen oxides in a medium by absorption with resorcin¬4|arenes
GB0514959D0 (en) 2005-07-21 2005-08-24 British American Tobacco Co Smoking article
GB0517551D0 (en) * 2005-08-27 2005-10-05 Acetate Products Ltd Process for making filter tow
KR100664827B1 (en) 2005-09-06 2007-01-04 브리티쉬 아메리칸 토바코 코리아 (주) System for sensing cigarette filter and method thereof
US20070056600A1 (en) 2005-09-14 2007-03-15 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Filtered smoking article
US7479098B2 (en) 2005-09-23 2009-01-20 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Equipment for insertion of objects into smoking articles
US7407922B2 (en) 2005-10-13 2008-08-05 S.C. Johnson & Son, Inc. Deodorizing compositions
MX2008009585A (en) * 2006-01-27 2009-01-15 British American Tobacco Co Method of preparing a rod for use in the preparation of a smoking article.
GB0603126D0 (en) 2006-02-16 2006-03-29 British American Tobacco Co Improvements relating to smoking articles and filters therefor
EP1993389B1 (en) 2006-03-10 2010-04-28 British American Tobacco (Investments) Limited Smoking article filter
US20070215167A1 (en) 2006-03-16 2007-09-20 Evon Llewellyn Crooks Smoking article
DE102006025738B3 (en) * 2006-05-31 2007-11-08 Hauni Maschinenbau Ag Production of a filter strand used in cigarette production comprises feeding a support cord with regularly arranged bodies to a base strand via a transport device
US7740019B2 (en) 2006-08-02 2010-06-22 R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, Inc. Equipment and associated method for insertion of material into cigarette filters
US7789089B2 (en) 2006-08-04 2010-09-07 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Filtered cigarette possessing tipping material
US7726320B2 (en) 2006-10-18 2010-06-01 R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company Tobacco-containing smoking article
EP2170110A2 (en) * 2007-08-01 2010-04-07 Philip Morris Products S.A. Degradable cigarette filters

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN88101084A (en) * 1987-02-27 1988-09-28 R·J·雷诺兹烟草公司 Method for making smoking article and components for use therein
CN1040496A (en) * 1988-07-22 1990-03-21 菲利普莫里斯生产公司 Smoking article
CN1042054A (en) * 1988-10-05 1990-05-16 烟草合成有限公司 Tobacco smoke filter containing particulate additive
CN1451325A (en) * 2002-04-18 2003-10-29 豪尼机械制造股份公司 Cigeratte filter-tip and method for making same

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
ES2420685T5 (en) 2017-02-10
ES2420685T3 (en) 2013-08-26
EP2537427B1 (en) 2016-08-17
JP5905432B2 (en) 2016-04-20
JP2011520469A (en) 2011-07-21
EP2323506A2 (en) 2011-05-25
EP2323506B1 (en) 2013-04-10
CN103222684A (en) 2013-07-31
WO2009143338A2 (en) 2009-11-26
JP2014036659A (en) 2014-02-27
ES2603646T3 (en) 2017-02-28
WO2009143338A3 (en) 2010-01-21
CN102046033A (en) 2011-05-04
CN102046033B (en) 2013-12-04
EP2537427A1 (en) 2012-12-26
EP2323506B2 (en) 2016-07-27
JP5438760B2 (en) 2014-03-12

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
DK1377184T4 (en) Cigarette and filter downstream aroma addition.
US9078470B2 (en) Menthol cigarette
JP3547768B2 (en) cigarette
CN101925403B (en) Process for manufacturing breakable capsules useful in tobacco products
JP4523595B2 (en) METHOD AND APPARATUS incorporate objects in cigarette filters
US20080245377A1 (en) Cigarette comprising dark-cured tobacco
CN102131409B (en) System for analyzing a filter element associated with a smoking article, and associated method
JP4764819B2 (en) Cigarette with incorporating a breakable capsule filter
KR101430759B1 (en) Cigarette and filter with cellulosic flavor addition
JP4940409B2 (en) Smoking article having a tobacco beads
US20050000531A1 (en) Method and composition for mentholation of charcoal filtered cigarettes
JP5173815B2 (en) Filter with a smoking article
JP5798582B2 (en) Instruments for insertion of an object into a smoking article
US7827997B2 (en) Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
EP1908362B1 (en) Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
BE1006308A3 (en) Filter smoke containing particulate additive modifying the smoke.
US9554594B2 (en) Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
US7856989B2 (en) Electrostatically produced fast dissolving fibers
US20050066984A1 (en) Filtered cigarette incorporating an adsorbent material
KR101523182B1 (en) Porous masses for smoke filter, and methods for forming the same
US6080457A (en) Particulate sorbent smoke filter
KR101146399B1 (en) Activated Carbon Fiber Cigarette Filter
EP0374861B1 (en) Selective delivery and retention of aldehyde and nicotine by-product from cigarette smoke
US9247770B2 (en) Method of forming a rod for use in the manufacture of cigarette filters
EP2361221B1 (en) Carbonaceous material having modified pore structure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model