CN103215955B - Airborne hydraulic screw hammers - Google Patents

Airborne hydraulic screw hammers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103215955B
CN103215955B CN201310114165.7A CN201310114165A CN103215955B CN 103215955 B CN103215955 B CN 103215955B CN 201310114165 A CN201310114165 A CN 201310114165A CN 103215955 B CN103215955 B CN 103215955B
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China
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cylinder
hydraulic
makeup
fixed
support
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CN201310114165.7A
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CN103215955A (en
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尤为农
陈得贵
黄锦冲
陈建俊
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盐城通能电力工程有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种机载液压螺旋打桩机。 The present invention relates to an airborne hydraulic screw hammers. 其特点是:该机主要由桩架、桩架托盘、连接架、固定架、控制台、液压及传动系统组成;桩架通过桩架托盘、连接架、固定架固定在拖拉机机身上;所述液压系统装置的有关部件分别设置在桩架、桩架托盘、连接架、固定架上;动力驱动是通过拖拉机机身装备的后桥动力输出轴,与液压系统齿轮泵减速箱的输入轴相连接;本机通过控制台控制液压系统工作,实现桩架转动、伸缩、起降、升降、支撑、定位和动力头旋转功能。 Its characteristics are: It is mainly from the pile frame, pile frame tray and connect the frame, holder, console, hydraulic and transmission composition; pile pile frame by frame tray, connecting frame, fixation on the tractor body; the For a hydraulic system of the device said means are provided on the pile frame, the pallet pile frame, the connection frame on the apparatus; power driven by the tractor rear axle body PTO shaft equipped with a gear pump of the hydraulic system of the gearbox input shaft connection; the machine hydraulic system via the control console, to achieve rotation of the pile frame, stretching, landing, lift, support, positioning and rotation powerhead. 本发明小型轻便,结构简单紧凑,操纵灵活,投入小,适合在光伏发电站及其他较小建设项目中使用;并具有良好的经济性、安全性,易于操作和维修,定位精度高,稳定性好等优点。 The present invention is small, lightweight, simple and compact structure, flexible operation, small investment, suitable for use in photovoltaic power plants and other smaller construction projects; and has a good economy, security, ease of operation and maintenance, high positioning accuracy, stability and good.

Description

机载液压螺旋打桩机 Airborne hydraulic screw hammers

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种打粧机,涉及运用在光伏发电站基础及较小施工项目的打粧装置,尤其是一种机载液压螺旋打粧机。 [0001] The present invention relates to a playing machine makeup, makeup playing apparatus involving the use of photovoltaic power stations and the smaller base construction project, in particular, play an airborne makeup hydraulic screw machine.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]目前使用的螺旋打粧机一般是固定式或者履带式的,其中履带式的打粧机要求工作场地应平坦坚实,地基承载大,对操作人员和粧加工要求比较高,所以目前使用的履带打粧机存在成本高,效率低,操作复杂,难维护,定位精度不高,垂直度难以控制,单旋向,转动也不够灵活的缺点,对于不同地质地基的平整度适应能力差,不适合在光伏发电站及较小施工项目中使用。 [0002] Currently used spiral play makeup machines are generally fixed, or crawler, wherein the crawler play makeup machine requires work site should be flat solid, ground to carry large, the operator and makeup processing requirements are relatively high, so the currently used track play makeup machine high cost, low efficiency, complex operation, difficult to maintain the positioning accuracy is not high, vertical difficult to control, a single direction of rotation, the rotation is not enough flexible disadvantages for the flatness of different geological foundation adaptation ability is poor, not suitable for use in photovoltaic power plants and small construction projects.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]本发明的目的在于提供一种克服上述现有技术缺点的,具有结构简单,加工方便,易于操作和维修,定位精度高,稳定性好,维护成本低,小型便捷,适合不同地质施工的机载液压螺旋打粧机; [0003] The object of the present invention is to provide a overcome the above disadvantages of the prior art, and has a simple structure, easy processing and easy operation and maintenance, high positioning accuracy, good stability, low maintenance cost, small convenient construction for different geological airborne play makeup hydraulic screw machine;

[0004]为实现上述目的,本发明所采用的技术方案为:该种机载液压螺旋打粧机,包括:拖拉机机身、粧架、动力头、液压油箱、液压系统齿轮栗及减速箱、液压马达、控制台及液压系统装置,所述液压油箱、液压系统齿轮栗及减速箱固定在拖拉机机身上,液压马达、控制台配在粧架上,动力头连接在液压马达下端输出轴上;液压系统装置中的一组七联阀,分别连通左侧支撑液压缸、右侧支撑液压缸、左侧升降液压缸、右侧升降液压缸、左侧伸缩液压缸、右侧伸缩液压缸、起降液压缸和液压马达:粧架通过粧架托盘、连接架、固定架固定在拖拉机机身上;所述液压系统装置的部件分别设置在粧架、粧架托盘、连接架、固定架上;动力驱动是通过拖拉机机身装备的后桥动力输出轴,与液压系统齿轮栗减速箱的输入轴相连接;其特征在于:粧架设有的内导轨配在外 [0004] To achieve the above object, the technical solution employed in the present invention are: the kind of airborne play makeup hydraulic screw machine, comprising: a tractor body, makeup stand, power head, hydraulic oil tank, hydraulic systems and the reduction gear box Li, hydraulic motors, and hydraulic system console means, the hydraulic oil tank, hydraulic system, gears fixed to the gearbox and Li tractor body, the hydraulic motor, with the makeup shelf console, powerhead lower end connected to the output shaft of the hydraulic motor ; a group of seven of the hydraulic system of the valve means, communicate respectively support the left cylinder, the support cylinder on the right side, the left side of the lift cylinder, the right side of the lift cylinder, the telescopic hydraulic cylinders left and right telescopic cylinder, landing hydraulic cylinders and hydraulic motors: makeup cosmetics holder frame through the tray, the connecting frame, the tractor fixation body; the components of the hydraulic system of the device frame are provided on makeup, makeup rack trays connected frame, holder ; power driven by the tractor PTO shaft rear axle body equipped with a hydraulic system Li gear reduction box is connected to an input shaft; characterized in that: the guide rail with some makeup erected outer 轨的导轨槽内,内导轨上端设有固定支撑,内导轨的下端用半圆形挡板固定,且半圆形挡板的半圆凸边设在内导轨下端的后面,内导轨由两槽钢面对面焊接;外导轨的上端面配在固定支撑的两端伸出臂的下面,在固定支撑的两端伸出臂的下面,且在外导轨外侧设有轴套一和轴套二,轴套一和轴套二分别固定有左侧升降液压缸和右侧升降液压缸的一端,左侧升降液压缸和右侧升降液压缸的另一端,连接在外导轨两侧所设的支座二、支座三上;在内导轨固定支撑的中部设有的支耳一上用销轴绞连有定滑轮一;液压马达配在液压马达箱内,液压马达箱配在内导轨槽内,在液压马达的上面固定有配重箱,液压马达的顶部连接在链条的一端,链条的另一端穿过配重箱通过定滑轮一后,固定在外导轨顶部支撑中间所设支座四上;外导轨在垂直方向中部的前面设有控 Guide rail slot, the upper end of the rail is provided with a fixed support, the lower end of the guide rail with a fixed semicircular shutter, and the shutter semicircular semicircular flange disposed behind the lower end of the inner rail, the inner rail consists of two channel welding face; an outer rail with the upper end fixed at both ends projecting below the support arm, fixed at both ends projecting below the support arm, and an outer guide sleeve and the outer sleeve is provided with two, a sleeve and the sleeve are fixed two left lifting cylinder and one end of the lift cylinder of the right, the left and right lift cylinder lifting the other end of the cylinder is connected to the outer rail is provided on both sides of the two abutment, abutment on three; inner middle rail support is provided with fixing lugs of the hinge pin is connected with an upper fixed pulley has a; hydraulic motor with the hydraulic motor box, the hydraulic motor with the inner guide groove tank, hydraulic motor the above is fixed to the pan, the top of the hydraulic motor is connected to one end of the chain, the other end of the chain through the pan through the fixed pulley a fixed outer rail top support intermediate is provided on the support four; outer guide middle in the vertical direction with a front control 台;外导轨在垂直方向中上部设有中部支撑,在中部支撑中间设有支耳二,支耳二用销轴绞连起降液压缸的一端,起降液压缸的另一端用销轴与连接架上的支耳六绞连; Station; outer guide is provided with an upper middle supported in the vertical direction, the two lugs provided in the middle of the central support, with two lugs hinge pin at one end of the hydraulic cylinder is connected landing, taking off and landing and the other end with a pin and a hydraulic cylinder the connecting lugs six cutter frame attached;

[0005]所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:粧架托盘上设有:托板、支耳三、支耳四、一对定滑轮七;连接架上设有:销轴一、滑槽、支耳五、支座五、支耳六;固定架上设有:上连接板、托架、销轴二、液压缸套一、支撑底座一、支撑底座二、液压缸套二、侧连接板;粧架通过外导轨的底部支撑和底部导槽外侧固定在粧架托盘的托板上;左侧伸缩液压缸和右侧伸缩液压缸的一端分别用销轴绞接在粧架托盘的支耳三和支耳四上,左侧伸缩液压缸和右侧伸缩液压缸的另一端分别绞接在连接架的销轴一上,粧架托盘上安装有两定滑轮七,两定滑轮七动配合在连接架上的滑槽内;连接架上所设的支耳五用销轴绞连回转液压缸的一端,回转液压缸的另一端用销轴绞连在拖拉机机身所固定的支座一上;连接架通过支座五销孔与固定架上的销轴二绞连;固定架上 [0005] according to an airborne play makeup hydraulic screw machine, comprising: a tray frame provided makeup: pallet lugs three, four lugs, a pair of fixed pulleys seven; connecting frame is provided with: a pin chute, five lugs, bearing five, six lugs; on the holder is provided with: the upper connecting plate, the bracket, two pins, a cylinder casing, a support base, the support base two, hydraulic liner two side webs; bottom support and the bottom of the guide groove through the outer frame makeup outer rail is fixed to the pallet rack trays of makeup; end of the left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinders are telescopic hydraulic cylinder hinged by pins on three lugs and lug four makeup tray frame, the other ends of the left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinders are telescopic hydraulic cylinder hinged on a pin connected to the frame, two fixed pulleys mounted on the tray makeup seven frame , two fixed pulleys fitted within seven movable chute frame is connected; connection lugs frame established by five hinge pin attached to one end of the rotary cylinder, the other end of the rotary cylinder by a hinge pin attached to the tractor unit the body is fixed on a pedestal; frame connected by a pin on a five pin hole cutter holder with two attached fixation; fixation on 有对称的两液压缸套一和液压缸套二,左侧支撑液压缸和右侧支撑液压缸配在液压缸套二和液压缸套一内,左侧支撑液压缸和右侧支撑液压缸另一端分别用销轴与支撑底座一和支撑底座二绞连;固定架上的上连接板和两侧侧连接板制成钢架,上连接板和两侧侧连接板与拖拉机机身通过多个螺栓固定连接;油箱固定在固定架上托架上;液压系统齿轮栗及减速箱位于托架和两侧侧连接板内,与拖拉机机身装备的后桥动力输出轴连接,液压系统齿轮栗及减速箱箱体用螺栓与拖拉机机身固定; There are two symmetrical cylinder casing and a cylinder casing two, left and right support cylinder with hydraulic support cylinder liner within a cylinder casing and two, left and right support cylinder further support cylinder one end of each of the base and a support base with two hinge pin connected to the support; web on both sides and a connecting plate made of steel holder, both the web and tractor body side by a plurality of webs bolted connection; tank fixed to the upper bracket mount; Li gear and the hydraulic system is located within the gear box and the sides of the bracket-side connecting plate is connected to the power output shaft of the rear axle of the tractor body equipment, hydraulic systems and gears Li gearbox casing fixing bolts and tractor body;

[0006]所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:内导轨下端两外侧面对称安装有定滑轮三、定滑轮四,在外导轨上端导槽的两内侧面对称安装有定滑轮五和定滑轮六; Airborne hydraulic [0006] The screw machine play makeup, wherein: the two outer lower guide face of said fixed pulley mounted three, four fixed pulley, the upper end of two guide grooves inside the outer rail mounted symmetrically five fixed pulley and the fixed pulley six;

[0007]所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:固定液压马达的液压马达箱外形为圆柱体形状,液压马达箱与内导轨相配的两侧对称安装有定滑轮二,且每侧2个,液压马达箱通过所配的定滑轮二(13),动配合在粧架(2)内导轨(3)的槽钢槽内。 Airborne hydraulic [0007] The screw machine play makeup, characterized in that: the hydraulic motor of the hydraulic motor is fixed tank shape is a cylindrical shape, and symmetrically on both sides of the hydraulic motor tank mounted within the track mating two fixed pulley, and two on each side, the fixed pulley by a hydraulic motor of the tank with the two (13), movable with the channel in the makeup tank holder (2) within the track (3).

[0008]本发明与现有技术相比的有益效果:由于将打粧机承载于轮式拖拉机上,打粧机采用液压传动,因此,具有小型轻便,结构紧凑,操纵灵活,投入小的优点,适合在光伏发电站及其他较小建设项目中使用;本发明结构简单,加工方便,并具有良好的经济性、安全性,易于操作和维修,定位精度高,双旋向,稳定性好,维护成本低等优点。 [0008] Compared with the prior art advantages: Since the makeup playing machine carried on tractors, playing makeup hydraulic drive machine, therefore, has a small, lightweight, compact, flexible operation, small investment advantages , suitable for use in the construction of photovoltaic power stations and other small items; simple structure, easy processing and good economy, safety, ease of operation and maintenance, high positioning accuracy, the ambidextrous, good stability, maintenance and low cost.

[0009]附图说明: [0009] BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF DRAWINGS:

[0010]图1为本发明结构的立体示意图; [0010] FIG. 1 is a perspective schematic view of the present invention;

[0011]图2为图1中的A向视图; [0011] FIG. 2 is a view of FIG. 1 A;

[0012]图3为粧架内导轨主视图; [0012] FIG. 3 is a front view of the cosmetic holder rail;

[0013]图4为图3的左视图; [0013] FIG. 4 is a left side view of FIG. 3;

[0014]图5为图3的俯视图; [0014] FIG. 5 is a top plan view of Figure 3;

[0015]图6为粧架外导轨主视图; [0015] FIG. 6 is a front view of an outer carriage guide makeup;

[0016] 图7为图6的左视图; [0016] FIG. 7 is a left side view of Figure 6;

[0017]图8为图6的俯视图; [0017] FIG. 8 is a top plan view of Figure 6;

[0018]图9为粧架托盘主视图; [0018] FIG. 9 is a front view of rack trays makeup;

[0019] 图10为图9的左视图; [0019] FIG. 10 is a left side view of Figure 9;

[0020]图11为图9的俯视图; [0020] FIG. 11 is a top plan view of Figure 9;

[0021]图12为连接架主视图; [0021] FIG. 12 is a front view of the connecting bracket;

[0022] 图13为图12的左视图; [0022] FIG. 13 is a left side view of Figure 12;

[0023]图14为图12的俯视图; [0023] FIG. 14 is a plan view of Figure 12;

[0024]图15为固定架主视图; [0024] FIG. 15 is a front view of the holder;

[0025] 图16为图15的左视图; [0025] FIG. 16 is a left side view of FIG. 15;

[0026]图17为图15的俯视图; [0026] FIG 17 is a top plan view of Figure 15;

[0027]图18为液压传动工作原理图; [0027] FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of the hydraulic drive working;

[0028]图中: [0028] FIG:

[0029] 1、拖拉机机身;2、粧架;3、内导轨;4、定滑轮一;5、外导轨;6、右侧升降液压缸;7、链条;8、控制台;9、右侧伸缩液压缸;1、配重箱;11、液压马达箱;12、动力头;13、定滑轮二; [0029] 1, the tractor body; 2, makeup frame; 3, the inner rail; 4, a fixed pulley; 5, the outer rail; 6, the right side of the lift cylinder; 7, a chain; 8, the console; 9, the right telescopic cylinder side; 1, counterweight boxes; 11, hydraulic motor tank; 12, powerhead; 13, two fixed pulleys;

14、粧架托盘;15、左侧伸缩液压缸;16、连接架;18、固定架;19、回转液压缸;20、液压油箱; 14, the rack trays makeup; 15, left telescoping cylinder; 16, connection frame; 18, holder; 19, rotary cylinder; 20, hydraulic oil tank;

21、支座一;22、左侧升降液压缸;23、起降液压缸;25、定滑轮三;26、定滑轮四;27、轴套一;28、固定支撑;29、轴套二; 30、支耳一;31、半圆形挡板;32、顶部支撑;33、定滑轮五;34、中部支撑;35、支座二;36、底部支撑;37、支座三;38、定滑轮六;39、支座四;40、支耳二;41、托板;42、支耳三;43、定滑轮七;44、支耳四;45、销轴一;46、滑槽;47、支耳五;48、支座五;49、支耳六;50、上连接板;51、托架;52、销轴二; 53、液压缸套一;54、支撑底座一;55、支撑底座二;56、液压缸套二; 57、侧连接板;58、液压系统齿轮栗;59、液压马达;60、左侧支撑液压缸;61、右侧支撑液压缸;62、滤油器。 21, a support; 22, the left lift cylinder; 23, landing cylinder; 25, three fixed pulley; 26, four fixed pulley; 27, a sleeve; 28, fixed support; 29, two bushings; 30, a lug; 31, semicircular baffle; 32, top support; 33, five fixed pulley; 34, middle support; 35, two seat; 36, bottom support; 37, three support; 38, set six pulley; 39, four support; 40, two lugs; 41, pallets; 42, three lugs; 43, seven fixed pulley; 44, four lugs; 45, a pin; 46, chute; 47 , five lugs; 48, bearing five; 49, six lugs; 50, the upper connecting plate; 51, carriage; 52, two pin; 53, a cylinder casing; 54, a support base; 55, supporting two base; 56, cylinder casing II; 57, side web; 58, hydraulic system, gears Li; 59, the hydraulic motor; 60, left support cylinder; 61, the right side of the support cylinder; 62, oil filter.

[0030]具体实施方式: [0030] DETAILED DESCRIPTION:

[0031]为了进一步说明本发明的上述目的、技术方案和效果,以下通过实施例结合附图及有关公知的技术知识来说明本发明: [0031] To further illustrate the above object, technical solutions, and advantages of the present invention, the present invention will hereinafter be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and embodiments technical knowledge about known embodiments:

[0032]如图1-2所示,一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,包括:拖拉机机身1、粧架2、动力头12、液压油箱20、液压系统齿轮栗58及减速箱、液压马达59、控制台8及液压系统装置,所述液压油箱20、液压系统齿轮栗58及减速箱固定在拖拉机机身I上,液压马达59、控制台8配在粧架2上,动力头12连接在液压马达59下端输出轴上;液压系统装置中的一组七联阀,分别连通左侧支撑液压缸60、右侧支撑液压缸61、左侧升降液压缸22、右侧升降液压缸6、左侧伸缩液压缸15、右侧伸缩液压缸9、起降液压缸23和液压马达59,并控制该七个油路部件的工作,从而实现粧架转动、伸缩、起降、升降、支撑、定位和动力头旋转功能;粧架2通过粧架托盘14、连接架16、固定架18固定在拖拉机机身I的合适位置上,所述的合适位置可根据实际作业需要设定;所述液压系统装置的部件分别设置在粧架2、 [0032] As shown in A in FIG. 1-2 contained hydraulic screw machine makeup playing machine, comprising: a tractor body 1, makeup frame 2, a power head 12, a hydraulic oil tank 20, hydraulic system 58 and the reduction gear box Li, hydraulic motor 59, the console unit 8 and hydraulic system, the hydraulic oil tank 20, hydraulic system 58 and the reduction gear box Li fixed to the tractor body I, the hydraulic motor 59, with the console 8 makeup frame 2, the powerhead 12 an output shaft 59 connected to the lower end of the hydraulic motor; hydraulic system means a group of seven of valves respectively communicate with the left side of the support cylinder 60, the support cylinder 61 on the right side, the left side of the lift cylinder 22, the right lift cylinder 6 left telescoping hydraulic cylinder 15, the right side of the telescopic cylinder 9, the hydraulic cylinder 23 landing 59 and the hydraulic motor, and controlling the passage member work seven to achieve makeup turret, stretching, movements, lifting, supporting positioning and rotation powerhead; makeup cosmetic holder frame 2 by the tray 14, the connecting frame 16, the holder 18 is fixed in place on the tractor body I, the suitable position can be set according to the actual operation; the components of the hydraulic system of the device frame 2 are respectively provided on makeup, 架托盘14、连接架16、固定架18上;动力驱动是通过拖拉机机身I装备的后桥动力输出轴,与液压系统齿轮栗58减速箱的输入轴相连接; Carrier tray 14, the connecting frame 16, the fixed frame 18; a power drive is powered by the tractor rear axle equipped with an output shaft of the fuselage I, is connected to the hydraulic system of the input shaft 58 Li gear gearbox;

[0033]粧架2是钻进系统的导向与支撑装置,如图3-8所示,粧架2设有的内导轨3配在外导轨5的导轨槽内,内导轨3下端两外侧面对称安装有定滑轮三25、定滑轮四26,在外导轨5上端导槽的两内侧面对称安装有定滑轮五33和定滑轮六38;所述采用的内导轨3、外导轨5的槽钢滑道,动力头12可沿滑道上下垂直滑动,同时也为动力头12上下运动起导向和抗扭作用;所配的定滑轮三25和定滑轮四26、定滑轮五33和定滑轮六38,使动力头12工作时,可减少内导轨3沿外导轨5上下滑动时的摩擦力;动力头12上安装的钢制地锚或钻杆托运时可拆卸; [0033] The frame 2 is the makeup of the support guide means of the drilling system, shown in Figure 3-8, the makeup of the inner holder 2 is provided with an outer guide rail 3 of the guide groove 5, the lower guide rail 3 facing the outside of said two fixed pulley 25 mounted three, four fixed pulley 26, the upper end of the guide groove 5 of the outer rail of the inner face of said two fixed pulley mounted five fixed pulley 33, and six 38; used within the guide 3, the outer guide channel 5 chute, the powerhead 12 may be vertically slidable along vertical guide rails, but also for vertical movement of the powerhead 12 serves as a guide and torsional effect; the distribution of the fixed pulley 25 and three four fixed pulley 26, fixed pulleys 33 and the fixed pulley five six 38, the work of the power head 12, the rail 3 can be reduced along the outer rail friction during sliding down 5; when removably installed on the powerhead 12, or steel rod anchors checked;

[0034]内导轨3上端设有固定支撑28,内导轨3的下端用半圆形挡板31固定,且半圆形挡板31的半圆凸边设在内导轨3下端的后面,内导轨3由两槽钢面对面焊接;外导轨5的上端面配在固定支撑28的两端伸出臂的下面,在固定支撑28的两端伸出臂的下面,且在外导轨5外侧设有轴套一27和轴套二29,轴套一27和轴套二29分别固定有左侧升降液压缸22和右侧升降液压缸6的一端,左侧升降液压缸22和右侧升降液压缸6的另一端,连接在外导轨5两侧所设的支座二35、支座三37上;在内导轨3固定支撑28的中部设有的支耳一30上用销轴绞连有定滑轮一4;液压马达59固定在液压马达箱11内,将液压马达59固定在液压马达箱11内,其目的防止打粧时飞溅物附在液压马达59上;所述固定液压马达59的液压马达箱11外形为圆柱体形状,液压马达箱11与内导轨3相配的两侧对称安装有定滑轮二13,且每 Rail [0034] 3 is provided with an upper end fixed to the support 28, the lower end of the guide rail 3 is fixed with a semicircular baffle 31, and a semicircular convex semicircular baffles 31 arranged at the inner side of the lower end of the guide rail back 3, the guide rail 3 welding the two facing channel; an outer end face of the guide rail 5 with the fixed support 28 beneath the projecting ends of the arms, the ends 28 projecting below the fixed support arm, and the outer sleeve is provided with an outer guide rail 5 two bushings 27 and 29, a sleeve 27 and the sleeve 29 are fixed two left lifting cylinder 22 and the right end of the lift cylinder 6, the left and right lift cylinder 22 of the lift cylinder 6 is another one end connected to the outer sides of the guide rails 5 provided two abutment 35, the support 37 on three; inner rail 3 is provided with a fixed central support lug 28 is connected with a hinge pin with a fixed pulley 4 on a 30; the hydraulic motor 59 is fixed within the tank 11 the hydraulic motor, the hydraulic motor 59 is fixed within the tank 11 the hydraulic motor, it is an object thereof to prevent the splash of the hydraulic motor 59 is attached to the play makeup; hydraulic motor 59 fixed to the hydraulic motor 11 tank shape 3 is bilaterally symmetrical mating cylindrical shape, the hydraulic motor 11 and the inner tank with a fixed pulley mounted two guide rails 13, and each 侧2个,液压马达箱11通过所配的定滑轮二13,动配合在粧架2内导轨3的槽钢槽内; Side 2, the hydraulic motor 11 through the tank with two of the fixed pulley 13, the movable rail with the channel 3 in the makeup tank frame 2;

[0035]在液压马达59的上面固定有配重箱10,液压马达59的顶部连接在链条7的一端,链条7的另一端穿过配重箱10通过定滑轮一4后,固定在外导轨5顶部支撑32中间所设支座四39上;外导轨5在垂直方向中部的前面设有控制台8;外导轨5在垂直方向中上部设有中部支撑34,在中部支撑34中间设有支耳二40,支耳二40用销轴绞连起降液压缸23的一端,起降液压缸23的另一端用销轴与连接架16上的支耳六49绞连; [0035] In the above hydraulic motor 59 is fixed to the pan 10, the top of the hydraulic motor 59 is connected to one end of the chain 7, the other end of the chain 7 through the pan 10 by a fixed pulley after a 4, fixed to the outer rail 5 of the top support the intermediate bearing 32 provided on four 39; 8 outer rail 5 is provided in front of the center console in the vertical direction; the vertical direction in the outer guide rails 5 provided in the upper central support 34, in the middle of the intermediate support 34 is provided with two lugs 40 , two lugs 40 connected at one end hinge movements of the hydraulic cylinder 23 by pins, and the other end of the hydraulic cylinder 23 with a landing lugs on the frame 16 and the connecting pin 49 cutter even six;

[0036] 如图9-17所示,粧架托盘14上设有:托板41、支耳三42、支耳四44、一对定滑轮七43 ;连接架16上设有:销轴一45、滑槽46、支耳五47、支座五48、支耳六49 ;固定架18上设有:上连接板50、托架51、销轴二52、液压缸套一53、支撑底座一54、支撑底座二55、液压缸套二56、侧连接板57; [0036] As shown in Figure 9-17, the tray carrier is provided on makeup 14: plate 41, three lugs 42, four lugs 44, a pair of seven fixed pulley 43; the connecting frame 16 is provided with: a pin 45, chute 46, five lugs 47, 48 support five, six lugs 49; 18 provided on the holder: the connecting plate 50, the bracket 51, two pins 52, a cylinder casing 53, the support base 54 a, two support base 55, two cylinder casing 56, lateral connecting plate 57;

[0037]粧架2通过外导轨5的底部支撑36和底部导槽外侧通过焊接固定在粧架托盘14的托板41上,形成钢结构焊接,整体强度大,不易变形;左侧伸缩液压缸15和右侧伸缩液压缸9的一端分别用销轴绞接在粧架托盘14的支耳三42和支耳四44上,左侧伸缩液压缸15和右侧伸缩液压缸9的另一端分别绞接在连接架16的销轴一45上,粧架托盘14上安装有两定滑轮七43,两定滑轮七43动配合在连接架16上的滑槽46内; [0037] makeup outer frame 2 by the bottom 5 of the outer rail support 36 and the guide groove bottom is fixed by welding makeup rack trays 14 on the pallet 41 form a welded steel, the overall strength, easily deformed; left telescopic cylinder 15 and the other end of the right end of the telescopic cylinder 9 are hinged by pins on the rack trays makeup lugs 42 and 14 of the three four lugs 44, left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinders 15 are telescopic hydraulic cylinder 9 hinged on a pin 45 connected to frame 16, mounted on the rack trays 14 makeup two seven fixed pulley 43, two fixed pulleys 46 fit within seven movable chute 43 on the connecting frame 16;

[0038]连接架16上所设的支耳五47用销轴绞连回转液压缸19的一端,回转液压缸19的另一端用销轴绞连在拖拉机机身I所固定的支座一21上;连接架16通过支座五48销孔与固定架18上的销轴二52绞连; [0038] The frame 16 is provided on the connecting lugs of the hinge pin shaft 47 five rotary cylinder connected at one end, the other end of the rotary cylinder 19 with a pin 19 attached to the tractor body twist is fixed abutment I-21 a; a connector pin support frame 16 via the bracket 18 and the pin hole 48 two five cutter 52 is connected;

[0039]固定架18上设有对称的两液压缸套一 53和液压缸套二56,左侧支撑液压缸60和右侧支撑液压缸61配在液压缸套二56和液压缸套一53内,左侧支撑液压缸60和右侧支撑液压缸61另一端分别用销轴与支撑底座一54和支撑底座二55绞连;固定架18上的上连接板50和两侧侧连接板57制成钢架,上连接板50和两侧侧连接板57与拖拉机机身I通过多个螺栓固定连接;油箱20固定在固定架18上托架51上;液压系统齿轮栗58及减速箱位于托架51和两侧侧连接板57内,与拖拉机机身I装备的后桥动力输出轴连接,液压系统齿轮栗58及减速箱箱体用螺栓与拖拉机机身I固定; Two symmetrical cylinder casing provided with a cylinder casing 53 and two 56 [0039] bracket 18, the left and right sides of the support cylinder 60 the support cylinder 61 with the two cylinder casing 56 and a cylinder casing 53 the left and right sides of the support cylinder 60 the support cylinder 61 the other end of each support base with a pin and the support base 54 and two connected hinge 55; the upper connecting plate 50 and the supporter 18 on the both sides of the interconnector 57 made of steel, the upper connecting plate 50 and connecting plate 57 on both sides of the tractor body side by a plurality of bolts connecting I; oil tank 20 is fixed on the upper bracket 51 in the holder 18; the hydraulic system 58 and the reduction gear box is located Li inner bracket 51 and both side connecting plate 57, the output shaft of the rear axle and the tractor is connected to the fuselage I equipment, hydraulic systems and the reduction gear box body 58 Li bolts fixing the tractor body I;

[0040]上述粧架2工作时,通过液压缸对粧体顶部施力,施力方向与粧体旋向一致,将粧体由顶部向下旋入地基;粧架托盘14通过两定滑轮七43动配合在连接架16上的滑槽46内,使连接架16连同粧架2前后伸缩,实现粧架2与粧的左右定位;连接架16通过支座五48销孔与固定架18上的销轴二52绞连,可使粧架2、粧架托盘14和连接架16整体左右回转,实现粧架2与粧的前后定位;固定架18用螺栓与拖拉机机身I固定,形成整体钢架结构,实现安装快捷、维护方便; When [0040] The makeup work holder 2, on top of the urging member by a hydraulic cylinder makeup, makeup urging direction of rotation to the same body, the body makeup from the top down onto the ground; makeup rack trays 14 by two fixed pulley seven 43 movable with the chute 46 connecting frame 16, the connecting frame 16 together with the carrier 2 before and after stretching makeup, makeup implement holder 2 and left-right positioning makeup; connecting frame 16 via the five pin holes 48 on the seat 18 and the fixed frame two hinge pin 52 is connected, frame 2 can makeup, makeup rack trays 14 and 16 integrally connected to the left and right swing frame, the front and rear frame 2 to achieve the positioning makeup makeup; bracket fixing bolt 18 I tractor body, is formed integrally steel structure, to achieve quick installation, easy maintenance;

[0041 ]粧架2在不工作时与机身呈倾斜状态,工作时与机身呈垂直状态;利用粧架托盘14上起降液压缸23进行调节,方便快捷;内导轨3与外导轨5用轴套二29和支座二35连接的左侧升降液压缸22,用轴套一27和支座三37连接的右侧升降液压缸6,用来完成链条7对动力头12的起降,并实现内导轨3与沿外导轨5导向滑槽上下移动;回转机构由回转液压缸19实现不小于90度的旋转范围内定位; [0041] 2 cosmetic holder when not working with the body is inclined, the body of work in a vertical state; landing using rack trays makeup hydraulic cylinder 1423 is adjusted convenient; the outer guide rail 3 and 5 the lift cylinder is connected with the left side of the bushing 29 and two support two 3522, a right-side connecting bush 27 and the seat 37 three lift cylinder 6, the link chain 7 to complete the landing of the power head 12 , and to achieve the outer rail 3 along the guide rail 5 moves up and down the guide chute; slewing mechanism is implemented by rotary cylinder 19 is positioned within the rotation range of not less than 90 degrees;

[0042]左侧支撑液压缸60—端固定在固定架18中的液压缸套二56内,另一端用销轴与固定支架18中的支撑底座二55绞连,控制七联阀⑥,就可以完成打粧机左侧的支撑和收起动作;右侧支撑液压缸61 —端固定在固定架18中的液压缸套一53内,另一端用销轴与固定支架18中的支撑底座一54绞连,控制七联阀⑦,就可以完成打粧机右侧的支撑和收起动作;左侧支撑液压缸60和右侧支撑液压缸61分布在拖拉机后轮的外侧,在拖拉机行驶过程中,离地收起;在打粧操作前分别将左侧液压支腿17和右侧液压支腿24支撑在地面上,左侧支撑液压缸60和右侧支撑液压缸61单独控制,调整两侧支撑高度,使粧架托盘14整体保持水平状态,保证粧架2在工作时的稳定性; The [0042] left side of the support cylinder 60 fixed to the end bracket 18 in the two cylinder casing 56, with the other end of the pin and the fixed support base two brackets 18 attached cutter 55, seven of the control valve ⑥, it complete makeup play support machines and retract operation of the left; right supporting cylinder 61 - inner end fixed to the bracket 18 in a cylinder casing 53, with a pin and the other end of the fixing bracket 18 in a support base even cutter 54, seven of the control valve ⑦, can be completed right makeup play support machines and retract operation; left and right sides of the support cylinder 60 the support cylinder 61 outboard of the tractor rear wheel, traveling in the tractor , the ground away; makeup before the playing operation, respectively, the left leg 17 and right hydraulic outriggers 24 supported on the ground, the left and right sides of the support cylinder 60 the support cylinder 61 separately controlled, adjustment of two side support height, so that the overall makeup rack trays 14 held in a horizontal state, to ensure the stability of the cosmetics holder 2 during operation;

[0043]起降液压缸23—端用销轴绞连在连接架上16中的支耳六49上,另一端用销轴绞连在粧架2外导轨5中的支耳二40上,控制七联阀④,就可以控制粧架2的起降动作,在拖拉机行驶过程中,可收缩倾斜,方便快捷,运输时也不需拆卸,在打粧操作时,调节粧架2与地面角度,保证粧与地面的垂直度;回转液压缸19一端用销轴绞连在拖拉机机身I中的支座一21上,另一端用销轴绞连在连接架16中的支耳五47上,使粧架2和粧架托盘14连同连接架16整体回转,控制七联阀⑤,就可以完成粧架2整体左右位移动作,实现粧机90度以上回转,从而保证粧架2与粧左右定位准确性; [0043] The movements of the hydraulic cylinder 23- hinge pin end connected with the connecting lugs 16 in the sixth frame 49, the other end of the cutter holder attached lugs in the makeup of the two outer rails 5 by pins 40 on the two, seven of the control valve ④, makeup can control the operation of the landing frame 2, a tractor traveling, collapsible inclined, convenient transportation and need dismantling, the playing operation makeup, makeup adjustment holder 2 and the angle of the ground one end of the rotary cylinder 19 is connected with a hinge pin in abutment on the tractor body I is a 21, the other end of the hinge pin is connected with the connecting lugs 16 in frame 47 five;, makeup and to ensure verticality ground the makeup holder 2 and the cosmetic holder tray 14, together with 16 integrally slewing frame, the control seven of valve ⑤, to complete 2 overall side displacement operation makeup frame for makeup machine 90 degree rotation, thus ensuring the makeup holder 2 and the makeup left positioning accuracy;

[0044]左侧伸缩液压缸15和右侧伸缩液压缸9 一端用销轴一45绞连在连接架16上,左侧伸缩液压缸15另一端用销轴绞连在粧架托盘14中的支耳四44上,右侧伸缩液压缸9另一端用销轴绞连在粧架托盘14中的支耳三42上,控制七联阀③,就可同时控制左侧伸缩液压缸15和右侧伸缩液压缸9双缸,实现粧架2整体前后动作,左侧伸缩液压缸15和右侧伸缩液压缸9双缸位于整机的中部,调节粧架2与粧前后定位之间的偏差,保证拖拉机不动时实现粧架2与粧前后定位准确性; [0044] The left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinders 15 the telescopic cylinder 9 one end of a pin 45 attached to the cutter frame 16 connected to the left end of the telescopic another hydraulic cylinder 15 is connected with the hinge pin in the makeup of the rack trays 14 the four lugs 44, the other end of the right side 9 telescopic cylinder connected with a hinge pin lugs 14 in the makeup of the three rack trays 42, seven of the control valve ③, can simultaneously control the left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinder 15 telescopic cylinder-side hydraulic cylinder 9, the entire front frame 2 to achieve the makeup operation, the left and right telescopic hydraulic cylinder 15 of the hydraulic cylinder 9 telescopic cylinder in the middle of the machine, the control deviation between before and after the makeup and makeup positioning frame 2, ensure the realization of the makeup makeup before and after the frame 2 and positioning accuracy when the tractor does not move;

[0045]左侧升降液压缸15—端固定在外导轨5中的支座三37上,另一端固定在内导轨3中的轴套一27上,右侧升降液压缸6—端固定在外导轨5中的支座二35上,另一端固定在内导轨3中的轴套二29上,操纵七联阀②,可使左侧升降液压缸15和右侧升降液压缸6同时动作,实现液压马达59、配重箱10连同动力头12的提升、下降动作; [0045] On the left side of the lift cylinder 15 fixed to the outer end of the guide rail 5 in three abutment 37, and the other end fixed to the inner sleeve 3 in the guide rail 27 on a right side of the lift cylinder fixed to the outer end of the guide rail 5 6- 35 in abutment on the two, and the other end fixed to the inner sleeve 3 in the guide rail 29 on the two actuating valves seven of ②, the lift cylinder 15 can make the left and right lift cylinder 6 operated simultaneously, the hydraulic motor achieved 59, the pan head 10 together with the lifting force of 12, the lowering operation;

[0046] 液压马达59用螺栓固定在液压马达箱11内,液压马达59的输出轴为动力头12,控制七联阀①实现旋转;由于液压马达59采用先进的可补偿式端面配流结构,为粧提供可靠的驱动力,具有启动扭矩大、低速稳定性好、效率高、双旋向等特点,因而粧机具有回转平稳、无冲击、无振动、整机的稳定性良好及使用寿命长的优点; [0046] The hydraulic motor 59 is bolted to the hydraulic motor tank 11, the output shaft of the hydraulic motor 59 of the powerhead 12, the control seven of valve ① effect rotation; since the hydraulic motor 59 is advanced can be compensated end surface with a stream structure as makeup reliable driving force, has a large starting torque, low-speed stability, high efficiency, the ambidextrous characteristics, which has a smooth rotary machine makeup, no shock, vibration, good stability and long life of the machine advantage;

[0047]本机的液压系统,如图1、图2、图18所示,拖拉机机身I中的柴油机同时为拖拉机行驶提供驱动力、为液压系统齿轮栗58提供液压力;在拖拉机机身I后桥动力输出轴上用花键与液压系统齿轮栗58上的减速箱的动力输入轴相连接,液压系统齿轮栗58用油管通过滤油器62与油箱20连接,液压系统齿轮栗58用油管与控制台8上分配器连接,控制台8包含一组七联阀、液压分配器及操作控制杆,油箱20用油管与控制台8上分配器连接;控制台8上的七联阀设置有七条控制油路,分别连通液压马达59,粧架2的左侧、右侧升降液压缸6、22,右侧、左侧伸缩液压缸9、15,起降液压缸23,回转液压缸19,左侧支撑液压缸60,右侧支撑液压缸61,并控制该七个油路部件的工作;液压马达59上回油出口用油管与油箱20连接; [0047] The hydraulic system of the machine, as shown in FIG 1, FIG 2, FIG. 18, the tractor body I is a diesel engine while providing the driving force driving the tractor, the hydraulic system providing hydraulic pressure for the gear 58 Li; tractor body after I power input shaft of the power output axle with a hydraulic system splined on the gear box 58 is connected to Li, Li gear 58 with the hydraulic system through a pipe connected to the oil filter 62 to the tank 20, a hydraulic system 58 with the gear Li the distributor pipe 8 is connected with the console, the console contains a set of seven of the valve 8, the operation lever and the hydraulic distributor, the distributor pipe 20 is connected to the oil tank 8 with the console; seven of the valve is provided on the console 8 there are seven control oil passage communicating the hydraulic motor 59, respectively, the left frame 2 makeup, the right lift cylinder 6, 22, right, left telescoping hydraulic cylinders 9 and 15, movements of the hydraulic cylinder 23, the swing hydraulic cylinder 19 left support cylinder 60, the right support cylinder 61, and the seven control operation of the passage member; return oil outlet pipe connected to the hydraulic motor 20 and the tank 59;

[0048] 粧架左侧、右侧升降液压缸6、22和右侧、左侧伸缩液压缸9、15设置为双缸结构,连接稳妥牢靠,使得液压动力操作稳定,确保了工作的可靠性; Left [0048] makeup frame, right and right lift cylinders 6,22, 9,15 left telescopic cylinder to cylinder configuration, connected firmly and steadily, so that a stable operation of the hydraulic power, to ensure the reliability of the work ;

[0049] 液压传动工作过程: [0049] hydraulic transmission work process:

[0050]液压传动操作由2人完成,一人为拖拉机驾驶员,另一人为打粧机操作工;其中,拖拉机驾驶员将机载液压螺旋打粧机开至施工现场预定位置后,拖拉机驾驶员操作控制拖拉机机身I上柴油机的动力,柴油机带动液压系统齿轮栗58工作,通过液压系统齿轮栗58工作提供液压力,经过滤油器62输给油箱20,由油箱20将液压油输出到控制台8,通过控制台8分配液压油和控制回路操作; [0050] By operation of the hydraulic drive 2, a man tractor driver, another person playing makeup machine operator; after which the tractor driver onboard hydraulic screw machine play makeup predetermined open position to a construction site, the tractor driver operation control on the tractor body I diesel powered, diesel engine driven hydraulic system 58 Li work gear, hydraulic pressure provided by the hydraulic system of the work gear 58 Li, lost through the oil filter 62 the oil tank 20, the tank 20 to the hydraulic oil output from the control table 8, and the distribution of hydraulic oil via the console control circuit 8;

[0051 ]打粧机操作工,通过控制台8上的操纵杆⑥、⑦单独控制左侧支撑液压缸60、右侧支撑液压缸61 ;通过控制台8上的操纵杆⑤控制回转液压缸19 ;通过控制台8上的操纵杆④控制起降油缸23 ;右侧、左侧伸缩液压缸9、15同时动作,由控制台8上的操纵杆③控制;粧架左侧、右侧升降液压缸6、22同时动作,由控制台8上的操纵杆②控制;操纵台8上的操纵杆①控制液压马达59实现动作; [0051] playing makeup machine operator, by the console on the lever 8 ⑥, ⑦ individually controlling the hydraulic cylinders 60 support the left and right side support cylinder 61; 8 through the console control lever ⑤ rotary cylinder 19 ; control cylinder 23 through the lever ④ landing on the console 8; right, left telescoping hydraulic cylinders 9 and 15 operate simultaneously, ③ a joystick on a control console 8; makeup frame left, right lifting hydraulic 6,22 simultaneously operated cylinder, ② a joystick control on the console 8; 8 console lever ① on the hydraulic motor 59 to achieve the control operation;

[0052] 打粧机工作过程: [0052] playing makeup machine working process:

[0053] 工作时,拖拉机驾驶员将机载液压螺旋打粧机开至施工现场规定位置后,通过控制台8控制右侧液压支腿24和左侧液压支腿17,先将拖拉机机身I支撑至平衡;再由操作员在动力头12上安装钢制地锚或钻杆,然后,将粧架2旋到预定位置,此时由司机与操作人员通过控制台8控制各油缸和液压马达59工作来完成打粧过程,重复以上步骤便可轻易的实现连续打粧; When the [0053] work, the tractor driver onboard play makeup hydraulic screw machine construction site open to the predetermined position, the control console 8 right and left outriggers 24 hydraulic legs 17, I first tractor body supported to equilibrium; installing a steel anchor rod or in the power head 12 by the operator, then the cosmetic holder screw 2 to a predetermined position, and at this time by the driver via an operator console 8 each of the control cylinders and hydraulic motors 59 work to complete the play makeup process, you can easily implement the above steps are repeated continuously playing makeup;

[0054]以上显示并描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和本发明的优点,本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下,本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内,本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书扩其等效物界定。 [0054] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages of the present invention, the industry art will appreciate that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the above-described examples and embodiments described in the specification are merely illustrative the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also have various changes and modifications, such changes and modifications are within the scope of the claimed invention, the scope of the present invention as claimed the claims appended claim expanding its equivalents.

Claims (4)

1.一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,包括:拖拉机机身(I)、粧架(2)、动力头(12)、减速箱、控制台(8)及液压系统装置,其中,液压系统装置主要包括液压油箱(20)、液压系统齿轮栗(58)、液压马达(59),所述液压油箱(20)、液压系统齿轮栗(58)及减速箱固定在拖拉机机身(I)上,液压马达(59)、控制台(8)配在粧架(2)上,动力头(12)连接在液压马达(59)下端输出轴上;液压系统装置中的一组七联阀,分别连通左侧支撑液压缸(60)、右侧支撑液压缸(61)、左侧升降液压缸(22)、右侧升降液压缸(6)、左侧伸缩液压缸(15)、右侧伸缩液压缸(9)、起降液压缸(23)和液压马达(59);粧架(2)通过粧架托盘(14)、连接架(16)、固定架(18)固定在拖拉机机身(I)上;所述液压系统装置的液压马达(59)、左侧伸缩液压缸(15)和右侧伸缩液压缸(9)、起降液压缸(23)、回转液压缸(19)、两液压缸套一(53)和缸套二(56)分别设置 An airborne play makeup hydraulic screw machine, comprising: a tractor body (the I), makeup holder (2), the powerhead (12), gear box, console (8) and the hydraulic system of apparatus, wherein the hydraulic system means including a hydraulic oil tank (20), a hydraulic system Li gear (58), a hydraulic motor (59), said hydraulic oil tank (20), a hydraulic system Li gear (58) fixed to the gearbox and a tractor body (I) , a hydraulic motor (59), the console (8) with the makeup holder (2), the power head (12) is connected to a hydraulic motor (59) the lower end of the output shaft; a group of seven of the hydraulic system of the valve means, respectively, communicating the left support cylinder (60), the right side of the support cylinder (61), the left lift cylinder (22), the right side of the lift cylinder (6), the left side of the telescopic cylinder (15), the right hydraulic telescopic cylinder (9), movements of the hydraulic cylinder (23) and a hydraulic motor (59); makeup carrier (2), adapter (16), the holder (18) fixed to the tractor body through cosmetic holder tray (14) (I on); a hydraulic motor (59) of the hydraulic system of the device, the left telescopic cylinder (15) and right telescopic hydraulic cylinder (9), movements of the hydraulic cylinder (23), rotary cylinder (19), two hydraulic a liner (53) and two liner (56) are provided 粧架(2 )、粧架托盘(14)、连接架(16)、固定架(18)上;动力驱动是通过拖拉机机身(I)装备的后桥动力输出轴,与液压系统齿轮栗(58)减速箱的输入轴相连接;其特征在于:粧架(2)设有的内导轨(3)配在外导轨(5)的导轨槽内,内导轨(3)上端设有固定支撑(28),内导轨(3)的下端用半圆形挡板(31)固定,且半圆形挡板(31)的半圆凸边设在内导轨(3)下端的后面,内导轨(3)由两槽钢面对面焊接;外导轨(5)的上端面配在固定支撑(28)的两端伸出臂的下面,在固定支撑(28)的两端伸出臂的下面,且在外导轨(5)外侧设有轴套一(27)和轴套二(29),轴套一(27)和轴套二(29)分别固定有左侧升降液压缸(22)和右侧升降液压缸(6 )的一端,左侧升降液压缸(22 )和右侧升降液压缸(6 )的另一端,连接在外导轨(5 )两侧所设的支座二(35)、支座三(37)上;在内导轨(3)固定支撑(28)的中部设有的支耳一(30)上用销轴绞 Makeup carrier (2), makeup rack trays (14), adapter (16), the holder (18); a power-driven by a tractor body (I) rear axle PTO shaft equipped with a hydraulic system gear Li ( 58) of the gearbox input shaft is connected; wherein: makeup carrier (2) is provided in the guide rail (3) with the outer guide rail (5) of the guide groove, the guide rail (3) is provided with an upper end fixed to a support (28 ), the lower end of the guide rail (3) with a semicircular shutter (31) is fixed, and the semi-circular baffle plate (31) of the semicircular rim provided on an inner rail (3 later) the lower end of the guide rail (3) by a welding two channel-face; an outer end surface of the guide rail (5) is equipped at both ends of the fixed support (28) projecting beneath the arm, across the fixed support (28) projecting beneath the arm, and an outer rail (5 ) provided outside of a sleeve (27) and two bushings (29), a sleeve (27) and two bushings (29) are respectively fixed to the left side of the lift cylinder (22) and the right side of the lift cylinder (6 ) at one end, the other end of the left lift cylinder (22) and the right side of the lift cylinder (6), connected to the outer rail (5) provided on both sides of the two abutment (35), the three bearing (37) ; twisted by pins on the middle of the inner rail (3) fixed to a support (28) is provided with a lug (30) 连有定滑轮一(4);液压马达(59)配在液压马达箱(11)内,液压马达箱(11)配在内导轨(3)槽内,在液压马达(59)的上面固定有配重箱(10),液压马达(59)的顶部连接在链条(7)的一端,链条(7)的另一端穿过配重箱(10)通过定滑轮一(4)后,固定在外导轨(5)顶部支撑(32)中间所设支座四(39)上;外导轨(5)在垂直方向中部的前面设有控制台(8);外导轨(5)在垂直方向中上部设有中部支撑(34),在中部支撑(34)中间设有支耳二(40),支耳二(40)用销轴绞连起降液压缸(23)的一端,起降液压缸(23)的另一端用销轴与连接架(16)上的支耳六(49)绞连。 Even has a fixed pulley (4); a hydraulic motor (59) within the tank with the hydraulic motor (11), the hydraulic motor tank (11) with the inner guide rail (3) groove on the upper surface of the hydraulic motor (59) is fixed the other end of the pan (10), the top of the hydraulic motor (59) is connected to a chain (7) at one end of the chain (7) passes through the pan (10) after the adoption of a fixed pulley a (4), fixed to the outer rail (5 ) top support (32) provided on the intermediate support four (39); an outer rail (5) is provided with console (8) in front of the middle of the vertical direction; outer guide (5) is provided with an upper middle supported in the vertical direction (34), in the middle of the support (34) is provided intermediate two lugs (40), the other two lugs (40) connected with a hinge pin movements of the hydraulic cylinder (23) at one end, movements of the hydraulic cylinder (23) one end of the connecting pin on the bracket lug (16) six (49) connected twisted.
2.根据权利要求1所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:粧架托盘(14)上设有:托板(41)、支耳三(42)、支耳四(44)、一对定滑轮七(43);连接架(16)上设有:销轴一(45)、滑槽(46)、支耳五(47)、支座五(48)、支耳六(49);固定架(18)上设有:上连接板(50)、托架(51)、销轴二(52)、液压缸套一(53)、支撑底座一(54)、支撑底座二(55)、液压缸套二(56)、侧连接板(57);粧架(2)通过外导轨(5)的底部支撑(36)和底部导槽外侧固定在粧架托盘(14)的托板(41)上;左侧伸缩液压缸(15)和右侧伸缩液压缸(9)的一端分别用销轴绞接在粧架托盘(14)的支耳三(42)和支耳四(44)上,左侧伸缩液压缸(15)和右侧伸缩液压缸(9)的另一端分别绞接在连接架(16)的销轴一 (45)上,粧架托盘(14)上安装有两定滑轮七(43),两定滑轮七(43)动配合在连接架(16)上的滑槽(46)内;连接架(16)上所设的支耳五(47)用销轴绞连回转液压缸( 2. The machine according to claim 1 contained play makeup hydraulic screw machine, characterized in that: the rack trays provided with makeup (14): a pallet (41), three lugs (42), lug tetrakis ( 44), a pair of fixed pulleys seven (43); a connecting frame is provided (16): a pin (45), the chute (46), five lug (47), bearing five (48), lug six (49); provided on the holder (18): the upper connecting plate (50), the bracket (51), two pins (52), a cylinder casing (53), a support base (54), a support two chassis (55), two cylinder casing (56), side webs (57); makeup frame (2) fixed to the makeup rack trays (14 through the outer guide (5) outside the base support (36) and a bottom guide groove ) of the pallet (41); the left end of the telescopic cylinder (15) and the right side telescopic hydraulic cylinders (9) are hinged by pins in makeup rack trays (14) of three lugs (42) and branched four ear (44), the other end of the left side of the telescopic cylinder (15) and the right side telescopic hydraulic cylinders (9) are hinged on a connecting bracket (16) of a pin (45), makeup rack trays (14 installed) seven two fixed pulleys (43), two fixed pulleys seven (43) movable with the chute) of (46 in the coupling frame (16); an upper connecting bracket (16) established by five lugs (47 ) even with the hinge pin rotary cylinder ( 19)的一端,回转液压缸(19)的另一端用销轴绞连在拖拉机机身(I)所固定的支座一(21)上;连接架(16)通过支座五(48)销孔与固定架(18)上的销轴二(52)绞连;固定架(18)上设有对称的两液压缸套一(53)和液压缸套二(56),左侧支撑液压缸(60)和右侧支撑液压缸(61)配在液压缸套二(56)和液压缸套一(53)内,左侧支撑液压缸(60)和右侧支撑液压缸(61)另一端分别用销轴与支撑底座一(54)和支撑底座二(55)绞连;固定架(18 )上的上连接板(50 )和两侧侧连接板(57 )制成钢架,上连接板(50 )和两侧侧连接板(57)与拖拉机机身(I)通过多个螺栓固定连接;油箱(20)固定在固定架(18)上托架(51)上;液压系统齿轮栗(58)及减速箱位于托架(51)和两侧侧连接板(57)内,与拖拉机机身(I)装备的后桥动力输出轴连接,液压系统齿轮栗(58)及减速箱箱体用螺栓与拖拉机机身(I)固定。 19) at one end, the other end of the rotary cylinder (19) is connected with the hinge pin on the tractor body (I), a fixed abutment (21); a connector frame (16) by abutment five (48) pin two pin holes on the bracket (18) (52) connected twisted; two symmetrical cylinder casing provided with a (53) and two cylinder casing (56) on the holder (18), the left side of the support cylinder (60) and right support cylinder (61) with two in the cylinder casing (56) and a cylinder casing (53), (61) the other end of the left side of the support cylinder (60) and right support cylinder respectively pin and a support base (54) and two support base (55) attached cutter; upper connecting plate (50) and both side connecting plate (57) on the holder (18) is made of steel, the connector plate (50) and both side connecting plate (57) and the tractor body (I) is connected by a plurality of bolts; tank (20) is fixed to the bracket (18) the carriage (51); the hydraulic system gear Li (58) and a gearbox located in the carrier (51) and both side connecting plate (57), the rear axle equipped with the power output shaft connected to the tractor body (the I), Li hydraulic system gear (58) and the reduction boxes fixing the tractor bolt body (I).
3.根据权利要求2所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:内导轨(3)下端两外侧面对称安装有定滑轮三(25)、定滑轮四(26),在外导轨(5)上端导槽的两内侧面对称安装有定滑轮五(33)和定滑轮六(38)。 3. The machine according to claim 2 contained play makeup hydraulic screw machine, characterized in that: the guide rail (3) two outer facing said lower end is attached to three fixed pulleys (25), four fixed pulley (26), the outer two inner side of the upper end of the guide groove of the guide rail (5) is mounted facing said five fixed pulleys (33) and six fixed pulley (38).
4.根据权利要求2所述的一种机载液压螺旋打粧机,其特征在于:固定液压马达(59)的液压马达箱(11)外形为圆柱体形状,液压马达箱(11)与内导轨(3)相配的两侧对称安装有定滑轮二(13),且每侧2个,液压马达箱(11)通过所配的定滑轮二(13),动配合在粧架(2)内导轨(3)的槽钢槽内。 The Airborne play makeup hydraulic screw machine according to claim 2, wherein: a hydraulic motor fixed (59) of the tank of the hydraulic motor (11) for the outline shape of a cylinder, the hydraulic motor tank (11) and the inner the guide rail (3) attached symmetrically on both sides of mating two fixed pulleys (13), and two on each side, the hydraulic motor tank (11) by the distribution of the two fixed pulleys (13), the movable fitting (2) within the makeup frame the guide rail (3) of the channel slot.
CN201310114165.7A 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Airborne hydraulic screw hammers CN103215955B (en)

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