CN103213900A - Movable hanger capable of automatically balancing loads of hanging points - Google Patents

Movable hanger capable of automatically balancing loads of hanging points Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103213900A
CN103213900A CN2013101477808A CN201310147780A CN103213900A CN 103213900 A CN103213900 A CN 103213900A CN 2013101477808 A CN2013101477808 A CN 2013101477808A CN 201310147780 A CN201310147780 A CN 201310147780A CN 103213900 A CN103213900 A CN 103213900A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
arm
hangs
equalizing
self
telescopic boom
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013101477808A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄旭华
张利宏
郭俊泽
Original Assignee
上海魔立方新型房屋有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by 上海魔立方新型房屋有限公司 filed Critical 上海魔立方新型房屋有限公司
Priority to CN2013101477808A priority Critical patent/CN103213900A/en
Publication of CN103213900A publication Critical patent/CN103213900A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a movable hanger capable of automatically balancing loads of hanging points. The movable hanger comprises a transverse arm, and is characterized in that vertical arms are respectively arranged at two ends of the transverse arm; and a hanging device which is at least provided with two stress devices capable of moving up and down relatively is arranged on each vertical arm. The movable hanger can effectively balance average load weights of large-size hung objects; steel rope lengths of respective force application hanging points can be automatically balanced and adjusted by a group of built-in pulleys; and hanging stress can be automatically balanced.

Description

But the movable carrier that hangs of self-equalizing sling point load

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind ofly hang the instrument that carries, but refer in particular to the instrument of carrying that hangs of self-balancing load.

Background technology

At the equipment hoisting crane that is used in the market to lift by crane, hoisting crane is meant many actions elevator machinery of vertical-lift within the specific limits and horizontal carrying heavy goods.Claim crane again.Belong to material handling machinery.The work characteristics of hoisting crane is to do intermittent exercise, and the corresponding mechanism of promptly getting actions such as material, migration, unloading in a working cycle is alternation.Hoisting crane mainly comprises lifting mechanism, operating unit, luffing mechanism, swing type mechanism and metal construction etc.Lift system is the groundwork mechanism of hoisting crane, is made up of hangar system and winch mostly, also has by hydraulic efficiency pressure system lifting weight.Operating unit generally is made up of electrical motor, retarder, drg and wheel in order to the control position of vertical equity migration weight or adjustment hoisting crane.Luffing mechanism only is provided on the jib-type crane, and amplitude reduced when jib was steeved, and amplitude increases when bending down, two kinds of balance-dividing luffing and non-equilibrium luffings.Swing type mechanism is made up of actuating device and rotary supporting device with so that jib turns round.Metal construction is the skeleton of hoisting crane, and main load member such as crane span structure, jib and door frame can be box type construction or truss structure, also can be web structure, and the available shaped steel that has is as support beam.

What cooperation hoisting crane use suspender was the most frequently used is suspension hook, and other also have suspension ring, hoisting suction cup, clamp and hanging beam etc.Hoisting suction cup, clamp and hanging beam etc. can use as special hanger on hoisting crane for a long time, also can be used as removable auxiliary suspender and hang over use temporarily on the suspension hook, are usually used in many goods kind warehouse and stockyard, to improve operating efficiency.At the lifting of freight container type objects special container handling crane arranged at present, its suspender that matches has scalability, can stretch according to the freight container size, slings after the suspension hook that is installed in the suspender two ends grasps freight container.The suspender stress point that container handling crane is joined is four, common four suspension hooks are distributed in the place, four angles of container spreader, when playing loaded container, the expansion bracket of suspender is retractable to the distance isometric with freight container, by almost vertical freight container is sling of suspension hook at four angles, make it stressed evenly then.Because the suspension hook at four angles is independently, when slinging, need adjust the distance of suspension hook according to stressing conditions.In addition, because expansion bracket need be almost isometric with the length of freight container, therefore, the length of container spreader is long, and its weight is heavier.If when lifting, be not vertical lifting, when the angle of inclination is big, may cause freight container because of lifting by crane the stressed freight container deformation that causes too greatly.And, container handling crane usually all at the harbour or harbour use, its cost is difficult to see in general carrying occasion than higher.

The applicant is as the design and the maker in body house, novel cabin, and cabin body unit structure proximate, need use common hoisting crane outfit suspender and lift in transportation of cabin body unit and fabricating yard in freight container.When outfit is suitable for the suspender of freight container lifting, because hanger structure heaviness, in the every side of object two stress points are only arranged, and when lifting, two stress points are stressed, and to be difficult in lifting just just stressed evenly, therefore need manually carry out stressed adjustment, be easy to gather the cabin body unit is caused the distortion injury at hoisting process.

Summary of the invention

Technical matters to be solved by this invention provides a kind of suspender that cooperates hoisting crane to use, it can provide a plurality of stress points, can each stress point of Automatic Balance Regulation in hoisting process stressed, guarantee the safety of lifting, guarantee the integraty of lifting object.

For solving the problems of the technologies described above, but technical scheme provided by the invention is a kind of movable carrier that hangs of self-equalizing sling point load, comprise transverse arm, it is characterized in that being respectively arranged with perpendicular arm at the two ends of described transverse arm, described perpendicular arm is provided with has two hanging apparatus of the stressing device of upper and lower displacement mutually at least.

Described transverse arm comprises crossbeam and the telescopic boom that connects respectively with described crossbeam two ends, and described telescopic boom connects with described perpendicular arm.

The two ends of described crossbeam have a hollow bulb respectively, and an end of described telescopic boom is detachable to be set in the described hollow bulb.

Be provided with the worm and gear rocker arm body in described crossbeam, described turbine and worm rocker arm body is threaded with the described telescopic boom at described crossbeam two ends respectively.

The two ends body of rod of described worm screw is coaxial forward and reverse thread rod, is connected a side with worm screw at described telescopic boom connecting bore is set, and is provided with negative thread in the described connecting bore, and described thread rod is threaded with the connecting bore of described telescopic boom respectively.

Described perpendicular arm is connected a side and offers several fixing threaded holes that are used for fixing described perpendicular arm from top to bottom with described telescopic boom.

Described hanging apparatus comprises the fixed pulley that is installed on the described perpendicular arm, is wound with a heavily loaded leaf chain on described fixed pulley, is connected with stressing device respectively at the two ends of described year leaf chain.

Described stressing device is a suspension hook.

Described stressing device comprises movable pulley, is wound with heavily loaded board-like chain on described movable pulley, is connected with suspension hook respectively at described heavily loaded leaf chain two ends.

Described hanging apparatus comprises the end cap of the guide chute that has strip, and described stressing device is contained in the described guide chute along described guide chute upper and lower displacement.

General hangs carrier when hanging loading product, usually can carry a rope length because of hanging of the point of application and differ, and the every side sling point of object only has 2 application of force Heave Heres, causes the inequality of hanging year application of force to cause being hung crooked, the deformed damaged of loading product.

The movable carrier that hangs of the present invention has in the every side of object and has 4 application of force Heave Heres, can the large-scale average load amount of being hung the loading product of actv. balance, and utilize one group of built-in pulley to reach self-equalizing, regulate the rope length of each application of force Heave Here, reach to hang and carry a stressed self-equalizing.

The present invention's the movable carrier that hangs has the flexible design of length of boom, can be according to the size of suspended object the suitable length of boom of adjusting, avoid hang when carrying because cable wire to the contact failure of hanging object.The present invention's the movable carrier that hangs, disassembled easy to assembly portably using.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1, the present invention hang the structural representation of carrier.

Fig. 2, turbine and worm and telescopic arm structure scheme drawing.

Fig. 3 hangs carrier hoisting object structural representation.

Fig. 4, local A structure for amplifying scheme drawing among Fig. 3.

Fig. 5, the hanging apparatus structural representation.

The specific embodiment

At technique scheme, now lift a preferred embodiment and also be specifically described in conjunction with diagram.But the movable carrier that hangs of self-equalizing sling point load of the present invention comprises crossbeam 1, telescopic boom 2, and perpendicular arm 3, hanging apparatus 4 is referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, wherein.

Crossbeam 1 has the perforation hollow bulb, is provided with and the hoisting crane through hole in the crossbeam centre, and the suspension hook that is used for hoisting crane is hung.Both sides, center at crossbeam 1 hollow bulb offer several knock holees respectively, are installed with worm and gear rocker arm body 11 at crossbeam 1 hollow bulb, and the worm screw two ends body of rod is a thread rod, the threaded one end bar be plus thread, the threaded one end bar is a minus thread.Worm screw positions by the support fixation part.Turbo-shaft is supported on the crossbeam 1, and rocker handle 12 is positioned at the outside of crossbeam 1.

Telescopic boom 2 is sheathed on respectively in the hollow bulb at crossbeam 1 two ends.It is positioned at the negative thread that offers the thread rod of corresponding worm screw on the end end wall of crossbeam hollow bulb, and an end of thread rod is threaded with the negative thread on the telescopic boom.By rotating the worm and gear rocker handle, drive the worm screw rotation, during the worm screw rotation, promote the telescopic boom that is threaded with the worm screw two ends along the crossbeam sway, the adjustment telescopic boom is with respect to the distance of crossbeam, so that make it to adapt to the length of hoisting object.An end that is set in the crossbeam at telescopic boom 2 is provided with knock hole, after telescopic boom moves to correct position, passes the knock hole of telescopic boom and crossbeam by bolt, and telescopic boom is fixed on the crossbeam 1.Crossbeam 1 and with its two ends respectively bonded assembly telescopic boom 2 formed the transverse arm that hangs carrier.

Such structure, the length of moving telescopic jib and adjustment transverse arm is saved manpower easily.Certainly, also can manually come moving telescopic jib and adopt, but it is bigger to move a labour intensity without the worm and gear rocker arm body.Telescopic boom 2 offers knock hole from top to bottom away from an end of crossbeam, offer several knock holees from top to bottom on the perpendicular arm 3, when the position that needs will erect arm is heightened when turning down, after only needing to erect arm and upwards being moved down into correct position, pass knock hole with screw and will erect the arm locking and on telescopic boom, get final product.

Hanging apparatus 4 is fixedly mounted on perpendicular arm 3 one sides.Hanging apparatus 4 comprises the fixed pulley 41 that is installed on perpendicular arm 3 one sides, is wound with drag-line 42 on fixed pulley 41, in the present embodiment the drag-line support plate formula chain of attaching most importance to.Be fixed with a suspension hook 43 respectively at the two ends of drag-line 42.Arranged outside at hanging apparatus 4 has end cap 31, and end cap 31 is fixed on perpendicular arm one side, and end cap 31 and perpendicular arm are formed accommodation space, and hanging apparatus is contained in this accommodation space.On end cap 31, offer strip guide chute 32, suspension hook 43 parts are arranged in this guide chute, part protrudes in guide chute and is positioned at the end cap outside, conveniently to hang rope, on the other hand, also prevent suspension hook when moving up and down, avoid unexpected and come off from fixed pulley, by guide chute, can limit the distance and the smooth running of suspension hook upper and lower displacement.Suspension hook 43 is when hanging the rope hoisting object, because dynamical equilibrium, the suspension hook 43 of fixed pulley both sides is adjusted to the stress balance state because the reason of gravity inequality can move up and down voluntarily.Therefore, suspension hook 43 can move up and down along the guide chute of end cap when lifting.Finance are provided with suspension hook in the fixed pulley both sides in the present embodiment, in other embodiments, also can take moving fixed pulley combination.When the needs stress point increases, take fixedly fixed pulley, in the fixed pulley both sides movable pulley is set respectively, in the movable pulley both sides suspension hook is set respectively then.Certainly, can as required the quantity of suspension hook be set unrestrictedly.

The carrier that hangs of the present invention because various piece all is by screw or bolt is detachable fits together, in carrying or when placing, can disassemble carrying, has reduced to hang carrier taking up room when off working state.

When being equipped with this by hoisting crane and hanging the carrier hoisting object, the width that the width that hangs carrier is slightly larger than hoisting object gets final product, and does not need to be complementary with the length of hoisting object.When hoisting object,,, telescopic boom is fixed on the crossbeam after being adjusted to correct position by worm and gear rocker arm body moving telescopic jib earlier according to object width.Like this, hanging when carrying, can be not wide and cause contact to damage less than object to object because of the width that hangs carrier.In object length direction both sides, four stressed Heave Heres are set respectively, outermost two stressed Heave Heres are connected with a cable wire in four stressed Heave Heres, two stress points that are positioned at midway location in four stressed Heave Heres connect a cable wire, and the rope length on the outermost two stressed Heave Heres will be longer than the rope length on the stressed Heave Here of midway location usually.Cable wire with the object both sides hangs on the suspension hook that hangs the carrier both sides respectively one by one then.When beginning to lift, upwards promote when applying application force when suspension hook tangles cable wire, the suspension hook that hangs the carrier both sides can move up and down along fixed pulley, seeks the stress balance point automatically, and object is steadily sling.When lifting, also can promptly adjust the position of suspension hook according to position with respect to object according to the perpendicular arm of the distance adjustment up and down of hanging carrier and object, will erect arm and move up and down to correct position with respect to telescopic boom, will erect arm by screw and be fixed on the telescopic boom.Owing to be respectively arranged with four stressed Heave Heres in the length both sides of object, during lifting, the average force of each stressed Heave Here will be when having only two stress points average force little a lot, average force is little, then it also just diminishes to object application force along its length, therefore when lifting, can not cause deformation of body, damage because object level along its length is stressed.The carrier that hangs of the present invention especially is suitable for lifting the long object of length.

Claims (10)

1. but the movable carrier that hangs of a self-equalizing sling point load comprises transverse arm, it is characterized in that being respectively arranged with perpendicular arm at the two ends of described transverse arm, and described perpendicular arm is provided with has two hanging apparatus of the stressing device of upper and lower displacement mutually at least.
2. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 1 is characterized in that described transverse arm comprises crossbeam and the telescopic boom that connects respectively with described crossbeam two ends, and described telescopic boom connects with described perpendicular arm.
3. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 2 is characterized in that the two ends of described crossbeam have a hollow bulb respectively, and an end of described telescopic boom is detachable to be set in the described hollow bulb.
4. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 3, it is characterized in that being provided with in described crossbeam the worm and gear rocker arm body, described turbine and worm rocker arm body is threaded with the described telescopic boom at described crossbeam two ends respectively.
5. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 4, the two ends body of rod that it is characterized in that described worm screw is coaxial forward and reverse thread rod, be connected a side with worm screw at described telescopic boom connecting bore is set, be provided with negative thread in the described connecting bore, described thread rod is threaded with the connecting bore of described telescopic boom respectively.
6. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 1 is characterized in that described perpendicular arm is connected a side and offers several fixing threaded holes that are used for fixing described perpendicular arm from top to bottom with described telescopic boom.
7. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described hanging apparatus comprises the fixed pulley that is installed on the described perpendicular arm, on described fixed pulley, be wound with a drag-line, be connected with stressing device respectively at the two ends of described drag-line.
8. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 7 is characterized in that described stressing device is a suspension hook.
9. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described stressing device comprises movable pulley, on described movable pulley, be wound with heavily loaded board-like chain, be connected with suspension hook respectively at described heavily loaded leaf chain two ends.
10. but the movable carrier that hangs of a kind of self-equalizing sling point load according to claim 7, it is characterized in that described hanging apparatus comprises the end cap of the guide chute that has strip, described stressing device is contained in the described guide chute along described guide chute upper and lower displacement.
CN2013101477808A 2013-04-26 2013-04-26 Movable hanger capable of automatically balancing loads of hanging points CN103213900A (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103612975A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-05 中国有色(沈阳)冶金机械有限公司 Special tool jig for combining and hoisting end beams of multifunctional aluminum electrolysis crane
CN103910278A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-09 中国海洋石油总公司 Length-adjustable lifting support rod
CN105236264A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-13 太原重工股份有限公司 Crane and main girder thereof
CN105540414A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-04 洛阳润奥供电有限公司 Telescopic lifting frame for box transformer substation
CN106957006A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-18 河钢股份有限公司承德分公司 A kind of balance sling and method for installing finishing mill taper box
CN109264561A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-25 中国二十冶集团有限公司 Hoisting structure

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4626012A (en) * 1984-09-19 1986-12-02 Gary Weldele Load positioner
JPH04237770A (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-08-26 Fujita Corp Exterior wall material hangup method and converting device for hangup attitude
JP2000143148A (en) * 1998-11-09 2000-05-23 Nippon Hoist Kk Hoisting auxiliary fixture of crane
JP2006044807A (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-16 Sumitomo Heavy Industries Engineering-Service Co Ltd Lifting magnet type suspender and carrying crane
GB2439133A (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-19 William Robert Graham Lifting and rotating mechanism
CN201002915Y (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-01-09 宗胜琪 Distance variable sling
CN203359765U (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-12-25 上海魔立方新型房屋有限公司 Movable hanging tool capable of automatically balancing loads at hanging points

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4626012A (en) * 1984-09-19 1986-12-02 Gary Weldele Load positioner
JPH04237770A (en) * 1991-01-22 1992-08-26 Fujita Corp Exterior wall material hangup method and converting device for hangup attitude
JP2000143148A (en) * 1998-11-09 2000-05-23 Nippon Hoist Kk Hoisting auxiliary fixture of crane
JP2006044807A (en) * 2004-07-30 2006-02-16 Sumitomo Heavy Industries Engineering-Service Co Ltd Lifting magnet type suspender and carrying crane
GB2439133A (en) * 2006-06-13 2007-12-19 William Robert Graham Lifting and rotating mechanism
CN201002915Y (en) * 2006-12-28 2008-01-09 宗胜琪 Distance variable sling
CN203359765U (en) * 2013-04-26 2013-12-25 上海魔立方新型房屋有限公司 Movable hanging tool capable of automatically balancing loads at hanging points

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103612975A (en) * 2013-11-29 2014-03-05 中国有色(沈阳)冶金机械有限公司 Special tool jig for combining and hoisting end beams of multifunctional aluminum electrolysis crane
CN103612975B (en) * 2013-11-29 2016-01-06 中国有色(沈阳)冶金机械有限公司 Aluminum electrolysis multifunctional crane end carriage combined hanging special tooling tool
CN103910278A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-09 中国海洋石油总公司 Length-adjustable lifting support rod
CN105236264A (en) * 2015-11-11 2016-01-13 太原重工股份有限公司 Crane and main girder thereof
CN105540414A (en) * 2016-02-01 2016-05-04 洛阳润奥供电有限公司 Telescopic lifting frame for box transformer substation
CN106957006A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-07-18 河钢股份有限公司承德分公司 A kind of balance sling and method for installing finishing mill taper box
CN106957006B (en) * 2017-04-10 2018-09-18 河钢股份有限公司承德分公司 A kind of balance sling and method of installation finishing mill taper box
CN109264561A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-25 中国二十冶集团有限公司 Hoisting structure

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Application publication date: 20130724

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