CN103212988A - Microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool - Google Patents

Microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103212988A
CN103212988A CN2013101164413A CN201310116441A CN103212988A CN 103212988 A CN103212988 A CN 103212988A CN 2013101164413 A CN2013101164413 A CN 2013101164413A CN 201310116441 A CN201310116441 A CN 201310116441A CN 103212988 A CN103212988 A CN 103212988A
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slide
machine tool
motor
fixed
base
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CN2013101164413A
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CN103212988B (en
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于化东
许金凯
陈爽
王晶东
于占江
王晓冶
王志超
董山恒
张留新
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长春理工大学
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Abstract

The invention provides a microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool and belongs to the field of machining equipment, and the microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool is used for solving the problems of idle function and incapability of performing automatic tool setting and video monitoring in the prior art. The microminiature reconfigurable combined processing machine tool comprises a platform base, a gantry support, a cross beam, an X-direction sliding table, a Y-direction sliding table, a Z-direction sliding table, a milling, drilling and grinding processing module and a turning cutter module, wherein the milling, drilling and grinding processing module and the turning cutter module are mutually alternatively arranged on the Z-direction sliding table according to processing demands; and a control computer controls a machine tool controller to send out a command, so that the reciprocating motion of the X-direction sliding table, the Y-direction sliding table and the Z-direction sliding table can be realized. According to the processing demands, by virtue of replacing and recombining a rotary oscillation workbench, the milling, drilling and grinding processing module, a turning spindle box and the cutter module, the system can be reconfigured as a five-axis linkage processing machine tool which gives priority to milling and a processing machine tool which gives priority to turning; and processing state video output is realized by virtue of a machine vision module, and automatic tool setting is performed by virtue of a laser tool setting device.

Description

微小型可重构复合加工机床技术领域 Reconfigurable micro machine tool Field

[0001] 本发明属于机械加工设备技术领域,具体涉及一种以车铣加工为主要功能的微小型可重构复合加工机床。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of mechanical machining apparatus, particularly relates to a milling of the main functions of the reconfigurable micro machine tool.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 航空航天、微电子工业、生物工程等的发展对精密三维微机械零件(特征尺寸在微米级到毫米级,精度到亚微米级)的需求日益迫切,在使用功能、材料特性、结构形状、可靠性等方面的要求也越来越高。 [0002] The development of aerospace, microelectronics industry, biological engineering increasingly urgent demand for precise three-dimensional micro-mechanical part (micron feature sizes to millimeters, to submicron precision), the use of functional, material properties, structures shape requirements, higher and higher reliability. 结构形状的特异化、材料的复合多样化、尺寸与表面质量要求的高精度化成为微小型结构件的显著特征。 Specific structure shape, composite diversity, size and surface quality requirements of high accuracy becomes remarkable feature of micro structures. 常规机床对于微小型结构件的高效批量化制造存在诸多弊端。 Conventional machine there are many drawbacks to efficient mass manufacturing of micro structures. 可重构机床是面向客户定制的,当市场加工有所需求改变时,能够迅速的转换结构以满足市场需求。 Reconfigurable machine is customized for the client, when the market has changed and processing needs, can quickly convert the structure to meet market demand.

[0003] 2011年7月27号公开了一项公开号为CN102133722A、名称为“微型车铣复合机”的中国专利。 [0003] July 27, 2011 discloses a publication number CN102133722A, entitled "mini-milling complex machines," the China patent. 该微型车铣复合机包括机座、工作台下拖板、工作台拖板、小拖板、电动刀架、车削主轴箱、铣削主轴、横梁、电器控制柜、垂直小拖板、垂直大拖板组成,电器控制柜安装于机座的下部,机座上安装有工作台下拖板,工作台下拖板上安装有工作台拖板,工作台拖板上安装有小拖板,小拖板上安装有电动刀架,机座上安装有车削主轴箱,机座上安装有横梁,横梁上安装有铣削主轴。 The milling machine comprises a mini-car base, a workbench pallet, pallet table, a small carriage, electric tool, headstock turning, milling spindle, the cross member, the electrical control cabinet, a vertical small pallet, large vertical drag plates, electrical control cabinet and attached to the lower base, and attached to the work machine base carriage audience, the audience mopping work table mounted on the carriage, mounted on a small table mopping carriage, a small drag board for an electric tool, spindle turning machine base mounted box beam is attached to the machine base, a spindle mounted on the beam milling.

[0004] 该微型车铣复合机的结构使其加工范围受限,由于其结构不能随着需要改变自身功能,造成功能闲置,只能实现三轴运动;不能对系统加工状态进行视频监控,不能实现自动对刀。 Structure [0004] The micro-milling machine so complex processing range is limited, due to its structure can not be changed as their function, resulting in idle function, can only achieve three-axis motion; the state of the system can not process a video monitor, not automatic knife.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提出一种微小型可重构复合加工机床,解决现有技术中机床存在的闲置功能、不能进行自动对刀及视频监控的问题,通过激光对刀装置进行自动对刀,实现五轴联动及加工状态的视频输出。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a reconfigurable micro machine tool, in the prior art to solve the machine idle function can not be automatically issues the knife and video surveillance, performed automatically by the laser knife device knife, to achieve five-axis machining state and output video.

[0006] 为实现上述目的,本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床包括平台底座、龙门支撑、横梁、X向滑台、Y向滑台、Z向滑台、控制计算机、机床控制器、铣钻磨加工模块、车削刀具模块;所述龙门支撑固定连接在所述平台底座上,所述两个Y向滑台固定在所述龙门支撑上,所述横梁两端分别固定在所述两个Y向滑台上,所述X向滑台固定在所述横梁上且垂直于所述平台底座,所述X向滑台的运动方向与横梁水平,所述Z向滑台固定在X向滑台上,所述Z向滑台和所述X向滑台的纵向中心线互相垂直,所述铣钻磨加工模块和车削刀具模块根据加工需要相互替换地安装在所述Z向滑台上;所述控制计算机控制机床控制器发出命令,实现X向滑台、Y向滑台和Z向滑台的往复运动。 [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention is micro reconfigurable machine tool including a base platform, a support gantry, beams, X-slide table, Y-slide table, Z to slide, computer control, machine control, milling drilling grinding module, turning tool module; a gantry support platform is fixedly connected to said base, said two fixed Y-slide supporting table on the gantry, the beam ends are respectively fixed to the two a Y, the X-slide table secured to the slide table on the beam and perpendicular to the platform base, the X-direction movement of the slide table and the horizontal crossbeam, the Z direction on the X-slide table sliding table, said Z table and said X-slide is perpendicular to the longitudinal centerline of the slide table, the milling and drilling and grinding module turning tool module interchangeably mounted on the Z stage according to the processing required to slide ; machine controller controls said control computer issues a command to achieve the X slider, Y slider to reciprocate and slide the Z-direction.

[0007] 所述机床还包括直线电机、转接板、托板、连接板A和电源拖链;所述直线电机通过螺纹孔固定在所述龙门支撑的外侧面,所述Y向滑台通过转接板的螺纹孔与所述直线电机连接,在所述龙门支撑的一侧,托板通过螺纹孔与所述龙门支撑连接,电源拖链下部通过螺纹孔安装在托板上,上部通过连接板A与所述X向滑台连接;所述X向滑台与所述Y向滑台结构相同。 [0007] The machine further comprises a linear motor, adapter plate, pallets, and an interconnector A power source towline; by the linear motor is fixed to the outer surface of the threaded hole of the support gantry, the slide table by the Y a threaded hole of the adapter plate of the linear motor is connected to one side of the support gantry, the gantry supporting pallet connected by a threaded hole, through lower power source towline mounting screw hole on the pallet, by connecting the upper A slide plate is connected to the X; X identical to the structure to slide the slide Y.

[0008] 所述铣钻磨加工模块包括电主轴、电主轴夹套和旋转摆动工作台,所述Z向滑台纵向中心线和电主轴轴线在同一平面内,所述电主轴与主轴变速器相连,通过调节主轴变速器实现电主轴的匀速转动;所述旋转摆动工作台包括工作台、工作台底座、电机座、电机B ;所述工作台通过轴与所述工作台底座连接,所述工作台底座安装在电机座上,所述电机B安装在电机座上,所述电机座通过螺纹孔固定在平台底座上;所述电主轴上配合连接铣刀、钻头或砂轮。 [0008] The milling and drilling module comprises a grinding spindle, spindle rotating rotary table and a jacket, the longitudinal center line Z to slide and electric spindle axis in the same plane, the spindle is electrically connected to the transmission achieved by adjusting the spindle shaft uniform rotation of the transmission; rotating said rotary table comprising a table, the table base, motor base, the motor B; the table by a shaft connected to said base table, said table a base mounted on the motor base, said motor B is installed in the motor base, said motor base is fixed on the stage base by a threaded hole; mating connector milling, drilling or grinding wheel on the spindle.

[0009] 所述车削刀具模块包括刀排架、车刀和车削主轴箱;所述刀排架通过螺栓与Z向滑台中间部分连接,通过Z向滑台的滑动实现刀具的Z向移动;所述刀排架可以安装两把以上刀具,所述车削主轴箱安装在所述平台底座上。 [0009] The turning tool bay module includes a knife, and turning the turning spindle box; bay connected to the blade slider and the intermediate portion by a bolt Z, Z-direction movement of the tool to achieve sliding by a Z slide table; the two knives can be installed above the tool bay, the turning headstock mounted on said platform base.

[0010] 所述Y向滑台包括工字型滑轨B、滑块B和防尘罩,所述滑块B在所述工字型滑轨B上实现Y向运动。 [0010] The Y-shaped work station comprises a slide rail to B, B and the dust cover of the slider, the slider is moved in the Y-direction B implements the I-shaped rail B.

[0011] 所述Z向滑台包括丝杠座、丝杠、连接板B、电机支座、电机A、工字型滑轨A、滑块A和滑台底板;滑台底板的一端固接电机支座,电机A固接在电机支座上,丝杠的一端与电机A的电机轴固接,另一端放置在固接在滑台底板的另一端的丝杠座的轴承内;两个工字型滑轨A固定在滑台底板上,并位于丝杠座两侧垂直于丝杠座,所述每个工字型滑轨上设置有两个滑块A,所述滑块可以在所述工字型滑轨上滑动,所述连接板B固定在所述滑块A上,所述连接板B内部设有丝母与所述丝杠形成螺旋副。 [0011] Z to the slide base comprises a threaded, screw, interconnector B, the motor bearings, motor A, A I-shaped rail, the slider A and slider plate; end of the fixed slide base motor bearings, motor a motor fixed on the support, one end of the motor shaft and the lead screw motor a is fixed, the other end is placed in the holder fixed to the other end of the lead screw slide bearing floor; two A I-shaped rail is fixed to the slide base plate, and positioned on both sides of a vertical screw spindle seated in the seat, the slider is provided with two I-shaped rail on each A, the slide may be slides on the I-shaped rail, the connecting plate fixed to the slide B A, B of the inner link plate is provided with the lead screw nut screw pair formed.

[0012] 所述机床还包括机器视觉模块,所述机器视觉模块包括摄像头和光学元件;所述光学元件包括微调平台和支架,所述摄像头通过螺栓安装在所述微调平台上,旋转微调旋钮使所述微调平台在Z方向运动,平台底板处固接有长方形滑块,所述长方形滑块底部开有长方形凹槽,与所述支架上的长方形凸起配合,通过旋转螺母使长方形滑块能够在Y向运动;所述支架通过螺纹孔固定在所述电主轴夹套上。 [0012] The machine further comprises a machine vision module, the machine vision module comprises a camera and an optical element; said optical element comprises adjusting platform and a bracket, the camera is mounted by a bolt on the adjusting platform, so that rotation of the fine adjustment knob the movement in the Z direction adjusting platform, the platform is fixed to the bottom plate at a rectangular slider, the bottom of the rectangular groove has a rectangular opening slider, with a rectangular projection on the mating holder, by rotation of the nut so that the slider can be rectangular in the Y-direction movement; the bracket by a threaded hole in the spindle collet.

[0013] 所述机床还包括机器视觉模块,所述机器视觉模块包括摄像头和光学元件;所述光学元件包括微调平台和支架,所述摄像头通过螺栓安装在所述微调平台上,旋转微调旋钮使所述微调平台在Z方向运动,平台底板处固接有长方形滑块,所述长方形滑块底部开有长方形凹槽,与所述支架上的长方形凸起配合,通过旋转螺母使长方形滑块能够在Y向运动;所述支架通过螺纹孔固定在所述车削主轴箱上。 [0013] The machine further comprises a machine vision module, the machine vision module comprises a camera and an optical element; said optical element comprises adjusting platform and a bracket, the camera is mounted by a bolt on the adjusting platform, so that rotation of the fine adjustment knob the movement in the Z direction adjusting platform, the platform is fixed to the bottom plate at a rectangular slider, the bottom of the rectangular groove has a rectangular opening slider, with a rectangular projection on the mating holder, by rotation of the nut so that the slider can be rectangular in the Y-direction movement; the bracket screw hole is fixed to the tank by turning spindle.

[0014] 所述机床还包括对刀装置,所述对刀装置包括激光对刀仪和对刀仪支座,所述激光对刀仪安装在所述对刀仪支座上,所述对刀仪支座固定在所述平台底座上。 [0014] The machine further comprises a knife means, said knife comprising a laser holder on the knife and the knife laser knife means mounted on said support for the knife, the knife instrument holder fixed to the platform base.

[0015] 所述机床整体尺寸小于800mmX 800mmX 600mm。 [0015] The overall size of the machine smaller than 800mmX 800mmX 600mm.

[0016] 本发明的有益效果为:与现有技术相比,本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床根据加工需要,通过旋转摆动工作台、铣钻磨加工模块、车削主轴箱、刀具模块的更换、重组,系统可重构为铣削为主的五轴联动加工机床和以车为主的加工机床。 [0016] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows: Compared with the prior art, the present invention is micro reconfigurable machine tool according to processing needs, by rotating the tilting table, milling and drilling module grinding, turning headstock, the tool module replacement, recombination, based milling system can be reconstructed as a five-axis machine tools and to the vehicle based machine tools. 铣削加工时,铣削工作台由铣削工作台驱动单元实现绕垂直轴、水平轴的旋转,实现五轴联动,装夹刀具可根据加工需要更换成铣刀、钻头、砂轮,实现铣削、钻削和磨削。 When milling, the milling table is realized by the milling table driving unit about a vertical axis, a horizontal axis of rotation, to achieve five-axis, the tool can be replaced by clamping cutter according to processing needs, drills, grinding wheels, to achieve milling, drilling, and grinding. 车削加工时,铣钻磨刀具模块更换为车削刀具模块,旋转摆动工作台更换为车削主轴箱系统,实现车削加工。 When turning, milling and drilling grinding tool is a turning tool module replacement module, replace the rotary table turning pivot headstock system, turning. 机器视觉模块对系统加工状态进行视频输出,激光对刀装置进行自动对刀。 Machine vision module processing system the video output state laser apparatus of the automatic tool blade. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1为本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床铣削加工整体结构示意图; [0017] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the invention overall micro structure of the composite machine tool reconfigurable milling;

[0018] 图2为本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床铣削加工整体结构主视图; [0018] FIG. 2 of the present invention may be reconfigurable micro milling machine tool overall configuration of a front view;

[0019] 图3为本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床铣削加工整体结构左视图 [0019] FIG. 3 of the present invention may be reconfigurable micro machine tool milling left side view of the overall configuration

[0020] 图4为本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床车削加工整体结构示意图; [0020] FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the overall invention. Turning micro structure of the composite machine tool reconfigurable;

[0021] 图5为本发明的Z向滑台的结构示意图; [0021] FIG. 5 Z is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention, the slider;

[0022] 图6为本发明的旋转摆动工作台的结构示意图; Rotation of the swing table structure [0022] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0023] 图7为本发明的机器视觉模块的结构示意图; The structure of the machine vision module [0023] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the present disclosure;

[0024] 图8为本发明的Y向滑台的结构示意图; [0024] Figure 8 is a schematic view of the structure of the invention Y of the slider;

[0025] 其中:1、吊环,2、平台底座,3、龙门支撑,4、Y向滑台,401、工字型滑轨Β,402、滑块Β,403、防尘罩,5、直线电机,6、转接板,7、横梁,8、X向滑台,9、Z向滑台,901、丝杠座,902、丝杠,903、连接板B,904、电机支座,905、电机Α,906、工字型滑轨Α,907、滑块Α,908、滑台底板,10、电主轴,11、电主轴夹套,12、连接板Α,13、电源拖链,14、托板,15、机器视觉模块,1501、支架,1502、长方形凸起,1503、旋转螺母,1504、微调平台,1505、摄像头,1506、平台底板,1507、长方形滑块,16、激光对刀仪,17、对刀仪支座,18、旋转摆动工作台,1801、工作台,1802、工作台底座,1803、电机座,1804、电机B,19、车削主轴箱,20、刀排架。 [0025] wherein: 1, rings, 2, platform base 3, a support gantry, 4, Y-slide table 401, I-shaped rail Β, 402, slider Β, 403, the dust cap 5, the straight line motor, 6, adapter plate 7, the cross member, 8, X to slide, 9, Z to slide, 901, screw seats, 902, screw 903, web B, 904, motor mount 905 , motor Α, 906, I-shaped rail Α, 907, slider Α, 908, slide plate 10, spindle 11, spindle collet, 12, the connecting plate Α, 13, power source towline, 14 pallet, 15, the machine vision module, 1501, bracket 1502, a rectangular projection 1503, rotation of the nut, 1504, adjusting platform, 1505, camera 1506, the platform floor, 1507, a rectangular slider 16, a laser knife instrument 17, on the knife carrier 18, rotation of the swing table 1801, table 1802, table base, 1803, motor base 1804, a motor B, 19, the turning spindle box 20, bent knife.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0026] 下面结合附图对本发明的实施方式作进一步说明。 [0026] The following embodiments in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of embodiment of the present invention will be further described.

[0027] 实施例一: [0027] Example a:

[0028] 参见附图1、附图2、附图3和附图4,本发明的微小型可重构复合加工机床包括吊环1、平台底座2、龙门支撑3、横梁7、Χ向滑台8、Υ向滑台4、Ζ向滑台9、控制计算机、机床控制器、铣钻磨加工模块;所述龙门支撑3固定连接在所述平台底座2上,所述两个Y向滑台4固定在所述龙门支撑3上,所述横梁7两端分别固定在所述两个Y向滑台4上,所述X向滑台8固定在所述横梁7上且垂直于所述平台底座2,所述X向滑台8的运动方向与横梁7水平,所述Z向滑台9固定在X向滑台8上,所述Z向滑台9和所述X向滑台8的纵向中心线互相垂直,所述铣钻磨加工模块安装在所述Z向滑台9上;所述控制计算机控制机床控制器发出命令,实现X向滑台8、Υ向滑台4和Z向滑台9的往复运动,机床上的吊环I作为搬运机床时的起重吊环I。 [0028] Referring to Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the present invention may be reconfigurable micro machine tool comprises rings 1, 2 of the base platform, a support gantry 3, the cross member 7, Χ to slide 8, Υ to the slide 4, Ζ slider 9 to the control computer, the machine controller, milling and drilling grinding module; a gantry support 3 fixedly connected to the base of the platform 2, the two Y-slide 4 is fixed on the gantry support 3, the cross member 7 are fixed at the two ends of two Y-slide table 4, the X-slider 8 is fixed to and perpendicular to the beam on the platform 7 the base 2, the X-direction movement of the slider 8 and the horizontal beams 7, a Z-direction slider 9 is fixed to the X slide 8, the slide 9 and the Z-direction to the X-slider 8 a longitudinal centerline perpendicular to each other, said grinding milling and drilling module is mounted on the Z stage 9 to slide; the control computer issues a command to control the machine controller, to achieve X slide 8, Υ to the slide table 4, and Z reciprocation of slide 9, the lifting rings on the machine I as rings when handling machine I.

[0029] 所述机床还包括直线电机5、转接板6、托板14、连接板Α12和电源拖链13 ;所述直线电机5通过螺纹孔固定在所述龙门支撑3的外侧面,所述Y向滑台4通过转接板6的螺纹孔与所述直线电机5连接,在所述龙门支撑3的一侧,托板通过螺纹孔与所述龙门支撑3连接,电源拖链13下部通过螺纹孔安装在托板14上,上部通过连接板Α12与所述X向滑台8连接;所述X向滑台8与所述Y向滑台4结构相同。 [0029] The machine further comprises a linear motor 5, the adapter plate 6, the pallet 14, and a power source towline Α12 web 13; the linear motor 5 through a threaded hole of the support fixed to the outer side surface of the gantry 3, the Y slide table to said adapter plate 4 by a threaded hole 6 of the linear motor 5 is connected to the side of the support gantry 3, the pallet 3 is supported by a threaded hole connected with the gantry, a lower power towline 13 by a threaded hole 14 is mounted on the pallet, the upper portion 8 is connected to the slider through the connecting plate Α12 X; X-direction of the slider 8 to the same Y slider 4 configuration.

[0030] 参见附图6所述铣钻磨加工模块包括电主轴10、电主轴夹套11和旋转摆动工作台18,所述Z向滑台9纵向中心线和电主轴10轴线在同一平面内,所述电主轴10与主轴变速器相连,通过调节主轴变速器实现电主轴10的匀速转动;所述旋转摆动工作台18包括工作台1801、工作台底座1802、电机座1803、电机Β1804 ;所述工作台1801通过轴与所述工作台底座1802连接,所述工作台底座1802安装在电机座1803上,所述电机B1804安装在所述电机座1803上,所述电机座1803通过螺纹孔固定在所述平台底座2上;所述电主轴10上配合连接铣刀、钻头或砂轮。 [0030] Referring to the drawings the milling drill grinding module 6 comprises a motor spindle 10, spindle 11 and the rotating jacket tilting table 18, the Z-slide station within the same plane 910 and a longitudinal centerline axis of the motor spindle the spindle and the spindle 10 is connected to the transmission, to achieve uniform rotation of the spindle 10 by adjusting the transmission shaft; rotation of the rotary table 18 includes a table 1801, table base 1802, motor base 1803, a motor Β1804; the working station 1801 via a shaft 1802 connected to the table base, a base table mounted on the motor base 1802 1803, B1804 said motor is mounted on the motor base 1803, a motor base 1803 is fixed to the screw hole said platform base 2; 10 of the mating connector milling spindle, grinding wheel or a drill bit.

[0031] 铣削加工时实现X轴、Y轴、Z轴、铣削工作台绕垂直轴和水平轴的旋转的五轴联动。 [0031] Milling achieve X axis, Y axis, Z axis, the milling table about a vertical axis and a horizontal axis of rotation of the five-axis.

[0032] 参见附图8所述Y向滑台4包括工字型滑轨B401、滑块B402和防尘罩403,所述滑块B402在所述工字型滑轨B401上实现Y向运动。 [0032] Referring to the accompanying drawings. 8 to Y 4 comprises I-shaped slide rail B401, B402 and the dust cover of the slider 403, the slider B402 to achieve movement in the Y-direction of the I-shaped rail B401 .

[0033] 参见附图5,所述Z向滑台9包括丝杠座901、丝杠902、连接板B 903、电机支座904、电机A905、工字型滑轨A906、滑块A907和滑台底板908 ;滑台底板908的一端固接电机支座904,电机A905固接在电机支座904上,丝杠902的一端与电机A905的电机轴固接,另一端放置在固接在滑台底板908的另一端的丝杠座901的轴承内;两个工字型滑轨A906固定在滑台底板908上,并位于丝杠座901两侧垂直于丝杠座901,所述每个工字型滑轨A906上设置有两个滑块A907,所述滑块A907可以在所述工字型滑轨A906上滑动,所述连接板B 903固定在所述滑块A 907上,所述连接板B 903内部设有丝母与所述丝杠902形成螺旋副。 [0033] Referring to Figure 5, the Z-direction slide base 9 comprises a lead screw 901, lead screw 902, the connecting plate B 903, the motor support 904, the A905 motor, I-shaped rail A906, A907 and sliding the slider 908 base station; end of the slide plate 908 is fixed to the motor holder 904, A905 motor fixed to the motor holder 904, screw 902 and one end of the motor shaft A905 of the motor is fixed to the other end secured to the slide is placed in the other end of the inner bearing plate 908 of the spindle base station 901; A906 two I-shaped rail is fixed to the slide plate 908, and located on both sides of the vertical lead screw 901 seated in the screw seats 901, each of the I-shaped rail is provided with two sliders A906 A907, A907 may slide the slider on the A906 I-shaped rail, the connecting plate B 903 is fixed on the slider A 907, the said connecting plate B 903 is provided inside the screw nut 902 is formed with the screw pair.

[0034] 参见附图7,所述机床还包括机器视觉模块15,所述机器视觉模块15包括摄像头1505和光学元件;所述光学元件包括微调平台1504和支架1501,所述摄像头1505通过螺栓安装在所述微调平台1504上,旋转微调旋钮使所述微调平台1504在Z方向运动,平台底板1506处固接有长方形滑块1507,所述长方形滑块1507底部开有长方形凹槽,与所述支架1501上的长方形凸起1502配合,通过旋转螺母1503使长方形滑块1507能够在Y向运动;所述支架1501通过螺纹孔固定在所述主轴夹套上。 [0034] Referring to Figure 7, the machine tool further comprises a machine vision module 15, the machine vision module 15 includes a camera 1505 and the optical element; said optical element comprises a platform 1504 and trim bracket 1501, the camera 1505 is mounted by bolts on the adjusting platform 1504, 1504 so that the rotational movement of the fine adjustment knob in the Z-direction adjusting platform, the platform is fixed to the bottom plate 1506 with a rectangular slider 1507, the slider 1507 oblong rectangular groove bottom is opened, and the a rectangular projection on the holder 1501 with 1502, 1503 so that the slider 1507 can be rectangular movement in the Y direction by rotating the nut; the bracket 1501 secured to the threaded hole of the spindle through the jacket.

[0035] 所述机床还包括对刀装置,所述对刀装置包括激光对刀仪16和对刀仪支座17,所述激光对刀仪16安装在所述对刀仪支座17上,所述对刀仪支座17固定在所述平台底座2上。 [0035] The machine further comprises a knife means, said knife means comprises a laser instrument on the knife holder on the knife 16 and 17, the laser 16 is mounted on the knife on the knife carrier 17, the knife holder 17 is fixed to the base 2 on the platform.

[0036] 本发明的机床的X向滑台8、Y向滑台4和Z向滑台9分别用电缆连接机床控制器,通过机床控制器发出命令,实现X向滑台8、Y向滑台4和Z向滑台9的往复运动,机床的电主轴10用电缆连接主轴变速器,调节主轴变速器实现电主轴10的匀速转动,机床控制器连接电脑机箱与显示器,并用数控软件mach3对机床控制器给出指令,由机床控制器发出命令对机床进行操控。 [0036] The machine of the present invention to an X-slide 8, Y cable. 9 respectively to the slide table 4, and Z to slide the machine controller, the controller issues a command through the machine, to achieve X slide 8, Y-slide stage 4 and Z is reciprocated in the slide 9, the electrical spindle of the machine 10 is connected with a cable shaft of the transmission, the adjustment main shaft of the transmission electrical spindle uniform rotation 10, machine controller connected to the computer chassis with the display, and CNC software mach3 machine tool control an instruction is given, the controller commands issued by the machine to manipulate the machine.

[0037] 本发明微小型可重构复合加工机床的尺寸整体小于800mmX800mmX600mm,工作精度±2.5 μ m,主轴回转精度为I μ m,重复定位精度为± I μ m,最高转速可达80000rpm ;力口工轴类零件的直径为Φ0.1mm〜Φ 5mm,长度为L彡50mm ;加工深孔类零件直径为Φ0.2mm,L/D > 15 ;加工微细沟槽类零件的宽度彡100 μ m,3彡纵横比彡10。 [0037] The present invention is a reconfigurable micro size less than the overall machine tool 800mmX800mmX600mm, working accuracy ± 2.5 μ m, spindle turning accuracy of I μ m, repetitive positioning accuracy of ± I μ m, a maximum speed of 80000rpm; force shaft work port diameter is Φ0.1mm~Φ 5mm, length L San 50mm; parts deep hole diameter Φ0.2mm, L / D> 15; San processing width of the fine groove parts 100 μ m , the aspect ratio of 3 San San 10.

[0038] 实施例二: [0038] Example II:

[0039] 参见附图4,与实施例一相比本实施例的区别在于所述铣钻磨加工模块更换为所述车削道具模块,所述车削刀具模块包括刀排架20、车刀和车削主轴箱19 ;所述刀排架20通过螺栓与Z向滑台9中间部分连接,通过Z向滑台9的滑动实现刀具的Z向移动;所述刀排架20可以安装两把以上刀具,所述车削主轴箱19安装在所述平台底座2上。 [0039] Referring to Figure 4, an embodiment of the present embodiment compared with the embodiment except that the milling drill grinding module to replace the turning prop module, the module comprises a turning tool 20, a turning and turning the knife bent spindle box 19; the bent blade 20 is connected to the intermediate portion of the slide table 9 by a bolt and Z, Z-direction movement of the tool to achieve the Z stage 9 to move the slider; the bent blade 20 may be mounted two or more tools, the turning spindle box 19 is mounted on the base platform 2.

[0040] 所述机床还包括机器视觉模块15,所述机器视觉模块15的支架1501通过螺纹孔固定在所述车削主轴箱19上。 [0040] The machine further comprises a machine vision module 15, the machine vision module 1501 of the bracket 15 is fixed to the headstock 19 by turning the threaded hole.

[0041] 以上为本发明的具体实施方式,但绝非对本发明的限制。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0041] The above present invention, but by no means limit the present invention.

Claims (10)

1.微小型可重构复合加工机床,包括平台底座(2)、横梁(7)、机床控制器,其特征在于,还包括龙门支撑(3)、X向滑台(8)、Y向滑台(4)、Ζ向滑台(9)、控制计算机、铣钻磨加工模块、车削刀具模块;所述龙门支撑(3)固定连接在所述平台底座(2)上,所述两个Y向滑台(4 )固定在所述龙门支撑(3 )上,所述横梁(7 )两端分别固定在所述两个Y向滑台(4 )上,所述X向滑台(8)固定在所述横梁(7)上且垂直于所述平台底座(2),所述X向滑台(8)的运动方向与横梁(7)水平,所述Z向滑台(9)固定在X向滑台(8)上,所述Z向滑台(9)和所述X向滑台(8)的纵向中心线互相垂直,所述铣钻磨加工模块安装在所述Z向滑台(9)上;所述控制计算机控制机床控制器发出命令,实现X向滑台(8)、Υ向滑台(4)和Z向滑台(9)的往复运动。 1. Reconfigurable micro machine tool, comprising a base platform (2), the cross member (7), the machine controller, wherein the gantry further comprising a support (3), X the slide (8), Y-slide station (4), Ζ the slide (9), the control computer, milling and drilling module grinding, turning tool module; a gantry support (3) fixedly connected to said platform base (2), the two Y fixed to the slide (4) (3), the beam (7) ends are fixed on the two Y-slide (4) in the gantry support to the X-slide (8) fixed to the cross member (7) and perpendicular to the platform base (2), the X-direction movement to slide and the beam (8) (7) horizontal, Z fixed to the slide (9) to the X-slide (8), the Z-direction slide (9) and the longitudinal centerline is perpendicular to the X slide (8) of the milling drill grinding module mounted to slide in the Z (9); the control computer issues a command to control the machine controller, to achieve X (8), Υ reciprocating motion to the slide (4) and the Z slide (9) to the slide table.
2.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述机床还包括直线电机(5)、转接板(6)、托板(14)、连接板A (12)和电源拖链(13);所述直线电机(5)通过螺纹孔固定在所述龙门支撑(3)的外侧面,所述Y向滑台(4)通过转接板(6)的螺纹孔与所述直线电机(5)连接,在所述龙门支撑(3)的一侧,托板通过螺纹孔与所述龙门支撑(3)连接,电源拖链(13)下部通过螺纹孔安装在托板(14)上,上部通过连接板A (12)与所述X向滑台(8)连接;所述X向滑台(8)与所述Y向滑台(4)结构相同。 The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that said machine tool further comprises a linear motor (5), the adapter plate (6), the pallet (14), web A ( 12) and a power drag chain (13); said linear motor (5) secured by a threaded bore in the outer side surface of the support gantry (3), said Y-slide (4) through the adapter plate (6) the linear motor and a threaded hole (5) is connected to one side of the support gantry (3) of the pallet are connected by a threaded hole of the support gantry (3), a power drag chain (13) through the lower mounting screw hole on the pallet (14), connected to the upper portion of the X slide (8) through the connecting plate A (12); (8) identical to the Y slide (4) to the X-slider structure.
3.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述铣钻磨加工模块包括电主轴(10 )、电主轴夹套(11)和旋转摆动工作台(18 ),所述Z向滑台(9 )纵向中心线和电主轴(10)轴线在同一平面内,所述电主轴(10)与主轴变速器相连,通过调节主轴变速器实现电主轴(10)的匀速转动;所述旋转摆动工作台(18)包括工作台(1801)、工作台底座(1802)、电机座(1803)、电机B (1804);所述工作台(1801)通过轴与所述工作台底座(1802)连接,所述工作台底座(1802)安装在电机座(1803)上,所述电机B (1804)安装在所述电机座(1803 )上,所述电机座(1803 )通过螺纹孔固定在所述平台底座(2 )上;所述电主轴(10)上配合连接铣刀、钻头或砂轮。 The micro reconfigurable machine tool of claim 1, wherein said grinding milling and drilling comprising a module as claimed in claim machining spindle (10), spindle jacket (11) and the rotating rotary table (18 ), the Z-direction (9) and the longitudinal centerline spindle slide (10) axis in the same plane, said spindle (10) connected with the main shaft of the transmission, achieved by adjusting the spindle shaft of the transmission (10) of uniform rotation; said rotary tilting table (18) comprises a table (1801), the table base (1802), the motor base (1803), the motor B (1804); the table (1801) operated by said shaft the base station (1802) connected to said base table (1802) is mounted on the motor base (1803), the machine B (1804) is mounted on the motor base (1803), said motor base (1803) by tapped holes in the platform base (2); said cutter spindle mating connector (10), a drill or grinding wheel.
4.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述车削刀具模块包括刀排架(20)、车刀和车削主轴箱(19);所述刀排架(20)通过螺栓与Z向滑台(9)中间部分连接,通过Z向滑台(9)的滑动实现刀具的Z向移动;所述刀排架(20)可以安装两把以上刀具,所述车削主轴箱(19)安装在所述平台底座(2)上。 The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 1, wherein said turning tool comprising a tool bay module (20), and turning the turning spindle box (19); said blade bay (20) bolted to the Z direction (9) slide intermediate portion, to achieve the tool sliding slide (9) by movement of Z to Z; bent the blade (20) may be mounted two or more tools, the turning said spindle box (19) mounted on said platform base (2).
5.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述Y向滑台(4)包括工字型滑轨B (401)、滑块B (402)和防尘罩(403),所述滑块B (402)在所述工字型滑轨B (401)上实现Y向运动。 The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the Y slide (4) comprises I-shaped rail B (401), the slide B (402) and the anti- the dust hood (403), the slide B (402) to achieve movement in the Y-shaped rail station B (401).
6.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述Z向滑台(9)包括丝杠座(901)、丝杠(902)、连接板B (903)、电机支座(904)、电机A (905)、工字型滑轨A (906)、滑块A (907)和滑台底板(908);滑台底板(908)的一端固接电机支座(904),电机A (905)固接在电机支座(904)上,丝杠(902)的一端与电机A (905)的电机轴固接,另一端放置在固接在滑台底板(908)的另一端的丝杠座(901)的轴承内;两个工字型滑轨A(906 )固定在滑台底板(908 )上,并位于丝杠座(901)两侧垂直于丝杠座(901),所述每个工字型滑轨A (906)上设置有两个滑块A (907),所述滑块A (907)可以在所述工字型滑轨A(906)上滑动,所述连接板B (903)固定在所述滑块A (907)上,所述连接板B (903)内部设有丝母与所述丝杠(902)形成螺旋副。 The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 1, wherein said Z-direction slide (9) comprises a threaded seat (901), screw (902), the connecting plate B (903 ), the motor support (904), the motor a (905), I-shaped rail a (906), the slider a (907) and a slide plate (908); one end of the slide plate (908) is fixed to the motor support (904), the motor a (905) fixed to the motor support (904), screw (902) one end of the motor a (905) secured to the motor shaft, the other end is placed in fixed to the slide the other end of the bearing plate (908) in the threaded seat (901); and two I-shaped rail a (906) is fixed to the slide plate (908), and on the vertical (901) on both sides of the threaded seat in the threaded seat (901), disposed on each of the I-shaped rail A (906) has two sliders A (907), said slider A (907) may be in the I-shaped rail slides on the (906) A, the web B (903) is fixed on the slider A (907), said connecting plate B (903) is provided inside the screw nut (902) to form a spiral vice.
7.根据权利要求3所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述机床还包括机器视觉模块(15),所述机器视觉模块(15)包括摄像头(1505)和光学元件;所述光学元件包括微调平台(1504)和支架(1501 ),所述摄像头(1505)通过螺栓安装在所述微调平台(1504)上,旋转微调旋钮使所述微调平台(1504)在Z方向运动,平台底板(1506)处固接有长方形滑块(1507),所述长方形滑块(1507)底部开有长方形凹槽,与所述支架(1501)上的长方形凸起(1502)配合,通过旋转螺母(1503)使长方形滑块(1507)能够在Y向运动;所述支架(1501)通过螺纹孔固定在所述主轴夹套上。 7. The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 3, characterized in that said machine further comprises a machine vision module (15), the machine vision module (15) comprises a camera (1505) and an optical element ; fine-tune the optical element comprises a platform (1504) and the holder (1501), the camera (1505) by a bolt mounted on the adjusting platform (1504), the rotation of the fine adjustment knob adjusting platform (1504) in the Z direction moving the platform at the bottom plate (1506) is fixed to a rectangular slider (1507), (1507) at the bottom of the rectangular groove has a rectangular opening slider, the rectangular on the bracket (1501) projection (1502) with, (1503) so that rotation of the nut by a rectangular slide (1507) can be moved in the Y direction; the stent (1501) is fixed to the shaft by a threaded hole jacket.
8.根据权利要求4所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述机床还包括机器视觉模块(15),所述机器视觉模块(15)包括摄像头(1505)和光学元件;所述光学元件包括微调平台(1504)和支架(1501 ),所述摄像头(1505)通过螺栓安装在所述微调平台(1504)上,旋转微调旋钮使所述微调平台(1504)在Z方向运动,平台底板(1506)处固接有长方形滑块(1507),所述长方形滑块(1507)底部开有长方形凹槽,与所述支架(1501)上的长方形凸起(1502)配合,通过旋转螺母(1503)使长方形滑块(1507)能够在Y向运动;所述支架(1501)通过螺纹孔固定在所述车削主轴箱(19)上。 According to claim micro reconfigurable machine tool of claim 4, wherein said machine further comprises a machine vision module (15), the machine vision module (15) comprises a camera (1505) and an optical element ; fine-tune the optical element comprises a platform (1504) and the holder (1501), the camera (1505) by a bolt mounted on the adjusting platform (1504), the rotation of the fine adjustment knob adjusting platform (1504) in the Z direction moving the platform at the bottom plate (1506) is fixed to a rectangular slider (1507), (1507) at the bottom of the rectangular groove has a rectangular opening slider, the rectangular on the bracket (1501) projection (1502) with, (1503) so that rotation of the nut by a rectangular slider (1507) is capable of movement in the Y direction; the stent (1501) is fixed to the turning spindle box (19) by a threaded hole.
9.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述对刀装置包括激光对刀仪(16)和对刀仪支座(17),所述激光对刀仪(16)安装在所述对刀仪支座(17)上,所述对刀仪支座(17)固定在所述平台底座(2)上。 According to claim micro reconfigurable machine tool of claim 1, wherein said laser comprises a knife (16) and on the knife holder (17), the laser tool to tool means instrument (16) mounted on the support for the knife (17), said platform fixed to the base (2) for the knife support (17).
10.根据权利要求1所述的微小型可重构复合加工机床,其特征在于,所述机床整体尺寸小于800mmX 800mm X 600mm。 10. The micro reconfigurable machine tool according to claim 1, characterized in that the overall size of the machine smaller than 800mmX 800mm X 600mm.
CN201310116441.3A 2013-04-07 2013-04-07 Microminiature restructural composite processing machine tool CN103212988B (en)

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