CN103206791A - Light-condensingsolar boiler - Google Patents

Light-condensingsolar boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103206791A
CN103206791A CN2012100064004A CN201210006400A CN103206791A CN 103206791 A CN103206791 A CN 103206791A CN 2012100064004 A CN2012100064004 A CN 2012100064004A CN 201210006400 A CN201210006400 A CN 201210006400A CN 103206791 A CN103206791 A CN 103206791A
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curved
heat
heat storage
condenser
focus
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CN103206791B (en
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王颖
刘洪涛
王钢
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王颖
刘洪涛
王钢
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

Abstract

The invention discloses a light-condening solar boiler, and belongs to the new field of solar energy utilization. The device comprises a heat storage tank supported by a vertical support, a vacuum energy-gathering reaction kettle which is in sealed connection with the heat storage tank through an annular vacuum tube bundle, a water supplementing coil arranged at the focus of a curved condenser of the vertical support, a return pipe, a heat supply pipeline arranged in the center of the annular vacuum tube bundle and passing through the vacuum energy-gathering reaction kettle, and a curved light condensing kettle and a disk condenser which are in three-dimensional radial arrangement by taking the vacuum energy-gathering reaction kettle as a focus and are controlled by a universal slewing mechanism to synchronously move together with the sun; and each plus lens and the condensers correspondingly focus to form group focusing to generate hot energy-gathered light spots to heat a working medium. Compared with the common boiler, the device has the outstanding advantages of no fuel consumption, complete cleanness and innocuity, energy conservation and emission reduction, and is the inevitable choice and final solution for human society in the energy utilization field in future.

Description

The optical fusion solar boiler
Technical field:
The present invention is a kind of optical fusion solar boiler, belongs to the Application of Solar Energy frontier.
Background technology:
Development of productivity and scientific invention have been created social prosperity, have promoted human civilization and progressive, but also bring the negative effect that is difficult to retrieve simultaneously.According to incompletely statistics, the energy that consumes for the whole mankind that develops the productivity is amounted to standard coal about 15 * 10 12Kg/ is equivalent to produce 1.39 * 10 each second 13The heat of J/s.Discharge 3 * 10 human every year approximately in atmosphere 10The carbon dioxide of ton is damaged the balance of carbon dioxide exchange between land, ocean and the atmosphere, and the result makes the annual increase by 7.5 * 10 of the content of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere 9Ton forms greenhouse effects, causes global warming, and melt in the glacier, and sea level rise, and crops are withered, and flood is wreaked havoc, and causes the degree of depth of environment for human survival to worsen.
How the significant challenge of coping resources and environment becomes the focus that the whole world is paid close attention to.December in 2010, environment minister and other officials of 192 countries held the United Nations's global climate conference at Copenhagen, Denmark, many knowledgeable people are raised a cry of warning in the face of carbon dioxide and other discharge of poisonous waste pollution on the environments, our earth mother is in " fever ", famous astrophysicist Stephen Hawking says: " mankind will destroy after 200 years, because human greediness and ignorant ".The participant official Kyoto Protocol first phase that continues is promised to undertake the follow-up scheme of after date restriction CO2 emission, just do not deal with the new agreement of whole world action signature of climate change, be considered to the another global climate agreement that is with historically new significance, to produce far-reaching influence to earth climate change trend from now on, being called is the meeting of " one last chance that rescue is human ".Therefore, low-carbon economy has been not merely economic problems, neither the commercial value problem, but concern the ecological environment of helping planet Earth, concern the destiny problems of survival and development of mankind! The clock of the United Nations's doomsday has pointed to point at midnight 0 several times, and the caution people have only the whole mankind's joint efforts, could contain the deterioration of earth environment!
When the profound reflection fossil class energy was to climate change harm, human research and development to clean energy resourcies such as wind energy, tide energy, solar energy did not also stop a moment, especially unremitting effort have more been carried out in the research of solar energy.
Development and use solar energy at first is to have inexhaustible resource base
The sun is as the most intimate partner of the earth, its diameter 139.3 * 10 4Km is ground 109 times of bulb diameter, quality 1.989 * 10 30Kg is 33 * 10 of earth quality 4Doubly.Thermonuclear reaction is ceaselessly carried out in sun center, its DIE Temperature 156 * 10 5℃, 5800 ℃ of surface temperatures, and each second is to cosmic space radiation about 3.83 * 10 26Though the energy of J/s is mean Earth-Sun distance 15 * 10 7Km, but earth surface still can receive wherein 1/2200000000th emittance, becomes the main source of light and heat on the earth, only this 1/2200000000th, just be equivalent to the sun and gratuitously present nuclear power plants to 100,000,000 10,000,000,000 degree of the earth every year.Just because of the light and heat of solar radiation to the earth, the rehabilitation of earth all things on earth has just been arranged, human wisdom and civilization have just been arranged.Therefore, active development and utilize solar energy, various biologies add the summation of fossil energy on the earth, and solar energy is the inexhaustible energy that enriches most.
The 2nd, solar energy utilization cleaning is harmless, and the protection environment is helped planet Earth
Utilizing solar energy to need not additional any fuel, is the power conversion of light and heat, light and electricity purely, needn't worry CO2 emission, is very beneficial for environmental protection, to the rehabilitation mankind's ecological environment progressively, realizes that benign cycle has extremely profound significance.
The 3rd, human development and use to solar energy have accumulated mature technique and successful experience
Be subjected to the ancient human to cut the enlightenment that ice is got fire, the solar energy utilization has spreaded all over every field, and small-sized solar heats technology and product spreads to huge numbers of families, and solar energy power generating has been the main power supply in city in the abundant outlying district of part sunshine condition.Since last century, solar energy thermal-power-generating has certain scale.The tower type solar energy thermal power generation capacity U.S. develops into 10MW from France, former federal republic of germany and gondola 1MW; The disc type solar energy heat generating system is from the eighties in last century, and the U.S., Germany, Spain, the former Soviet Union have also built up the hot power generation project of a batch volume 5~50kW; The trough type solar power generation system adopts flute profile parabolic solar heat collector to drive on the basis of an air-heater at American John Ericsson, 9 member states of International Energy Agency finish the demonstration test of the general power 500kW that knows clearly jointly, subsequently, the LUZ international corporation that the U.S. and Israel constitute jointly has built first commercialization groove type solar power station in the American South California, built the solar energy thermal-power-generating station of 9 cylindricality parabola groove mirror dispersion condenser systems afterwards altogether to 1991, total installation of generating capacity is 353.8MW, is worldwide largest, the solar electrical energy generation engineering that effect is the highest.Though China starts late for trough type solar power generation, but on the basis of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese University of Science and Technology's previous experiments research, build up a collection of 100KW, 200KW trough type solar power generation project in succession, 11,000,000,000 yuan of China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation's 550MW trough type solar power generation station project plan gross investments, obtained the supports of country " 863 " and Commission of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defence development costs, will reach the flag exhibition dawn in the Inner Mongol to call bush together and put into operation within the border.
Although the solar energy thermal-power-generating technology has extremely tempting development prospect and since its costliness utilize cost, commercially do not developed on a large scale, its restriction bottleneck one is that the solar energy energy-flux density is low, needs large tracts of land optical reflection unit and receiving system; The 2nd, the generating efficiency of solar heat power generation system is low, and year clean generating efficiency of solar energy is no more than 15%; The 3rd, the solar energy supply is discontinuous, unstable.Above-mentioned 3 restrictions all need increase huge cumulative, acceptance, regenerative apparatus and pipe-line system in system, causing the solar energy thermal-power-generating cost of investment is 7 times of natural gas power station cost of investment.Under the situation that both pricing systems differ greatly, the solar energy thermal-power-generating technology is difficult to break through the temptation of interests, forms the commercial development scale.Therefore, only capture the bottleneck of low-cost high-efficiency cumulative and thermoelectric transformation technology, could accelerate the commercialized development of solar energy thermal-power-generating.
In recent years, a kind of " cumulative hot spot " is theoretical causes extensive concern with " dead ray " test.
" cumulative hot spot " theoretical research shows: a diameter 1m, and area 0.78m2, the solar energy cumulative hot spot of temperature about 2000 ℃, its photo-thermal power generation amount can other uses 1 year for 20,000 families, even spot diameter is reduced into 20cm, area 314cm 2, temperature also can be installed the solar energy light-collecting battery that is equivalent to about 6kw between 300-400 ℃, and annual electricity generating capacity can solve the daily electricity consumption of nearly 10 families about 14000kwh.
" dead ray " test sticks the little glass-mirror of 5800 polyliths for 19 years old juvenile Eric Jacqmain of the U.S. all in common 42 inches satellite-signal take-up reels, its focus temp can reach 3000-3600 ℃, this temperature is the fusing point of the common most of object of occurring in nature head and shoulders above, be enough to smelting iron and steel, boil cement, moment destroys any organic material, is called as " dead ray ".
Above-mentioned too can technology and industrialness exploitation and " cumulative hot spot " theoretical and " dead ray " test of product; its solar energy cumulative focus temp reaches 1000-3000 ℃; technical is unquestionable; key is how to capture key technology-condenser and the light-concentrating material that low cost is obtained major diameter cumulative hot spot, makes the solar energy utilization realize scale and commercialization.
China is vast in territory, is located in the abundant subtropical zone of sunlight, and the annual solar radiation total amount that receives of land surface is 3.3 * 10 3~8.4 * 10 6KJ/m 2Between a, be equivalent to 2.4 * 10 4Hundred million tons of standard coals.Area year sunshine time was greater than 2000 hours more than 2/3 for national total area, and day impinges upon 5 * 10 6KJ/m 2More than a.Famous American scientist's Steven Chu of Chinese origin doctor says through proving after: " even satisfy the global energy demand with solar electrical energy generation entirely; required area just accounts for 51.4% of whole oceans area 2.3% or whole deserts only, in addition be only the Sahara Desert area 91.5% ".So abundant solar energy resources provides advantageous good condition to development and use solar energy.
The heuristic process of invention and success often have only one step away; why technical feasible solar electrical energy generation in the past is; but promote because of the cost problems affect, key is that its technical thought is conceived to " loosing ", will go up scale as photovoltaic generation; the shop cell panel that just covers the sky and the earth; solar heating is wanted scale, arranges in a row heat pipe whole building, just whole building, enlarges floor space so on a large scale; use the photoelectricity consumptive material in large quantity, reduce cost is not right on the contrary.If technology path is based on " gathering ", technology and cost will organically combine, and obtain the implementation result that makes big profits with a small capital.
Summary of the invention:
Low at above-mentioned solar energy utilization ratio, cost is high, sunlight is supplied discontinuous 'bottleneck' restrictions, the objective of the invention is:
Adopt the how burnt copolymerization of convex lens and various condenser to form " cumulative hot spot " principle; originally dish formula, slot type, various focusing technologies such as tower are integrated in one dexterously; both reduced cost; raise the efficiency again; realize 24 hours continuous heat supplies; make solar energy utilize fast integrationization, scale, start the milestone that commercialization utilizes solar energy.
Operation principle of the present invention is:
Described optical fusion solar boiler, its cold water is flowed through and is placed the water supply coil pipe of curved surface stand type support condenser focus point to carry out flowing into heat storage can after the high strength preheating, preheating water secondary temperature elevation in following jar of the shielding of heat storage can heat absorption heat-insulation layer, curved surface optically focused still and the how burnt copolymerization of dish formula condenser three-dimensional, excite the violent physical and chemical reaction of superconduction working medium in the vacuum cumulative reactor, with 1000 times of heat transfer rates to copper with radiation, convection current, conduction pattern carries out three heating of superhigh intensity to post bake water in the jar, high-temperature water after three heating goes out from ring vaccum tube bank and vacuum cumulative reactor mid-game eddy flow, carry out four heating, be follow-up heat supply, generating, refrigeration provides elevated temperature heat power working medium.
The technical solution of optical fusion solar boiler of the present invention is:
Optical fusion solar boiler of the present invention comprises the heat storage can (4) that stand type support (6) supports, with the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) of ring vaccum tube bank (5) with heat storage can (4) sealed attachment, place the moisturizing coil pipe (12) at stand type support (6) solar concentrator lens with curved surface focus place, return pipe (11) and place ring vaccum tube bank (5) center and the heat supply pipeline (13) that passes through from vacuum cumulative reactor (8) and be the three-dimensional radial setting of focus and by curved surface optically focused still (7) and the dish formula condenser (9) of universal rotation mechanism (10) control with the sun synchronization motion with vacuum cumulative reactor (8), the corresponding focusing formation with condenser of each positive lens group burnt copolymerization produces red-hot cumulative hot spot heating working medium.
Stand type support of the present invention (6) is that gusseted or multicolumn support, and its version is one of following three types:
First kind is the support of cylinder pillar or frame-type support;
Second kind is that steel construction curved surface pillar supports, curved surface post north-south layout, lay condenser in its sensitive surface groove, the focus place of condenser arranges moisturizing coil pipe (12) in the two curved surface posts groove of southern side, the focus place of condenser arranges return pipe (11) in the curved surface post groove of north side, article two, the part that extends in the heat storage can (4) of moisturizing coil pipe (12) and a return pipe (11) is welded on the heat accumulation tank body, forms triangle and strengthens supporting, and leaking hole is opened in the part;
The third is on the basis of above-mentioned second kind of structure, and moisturizing coil pipe (12) and return pipe (11) top arrange bar formula solar concentrator lens with curved surface, and condenser forms the bifocal copolymerization in its focus and the above-mentioned curved surface post groove.
Heat storage can of the present invention (4) be spherical tank or for cylinder tank or for the side jar, its top is opened manhole (2) and is installed lightning rod (1), opaco installing cat ladder guardrail, heat storage can (4) outer surface lay heat absorption heat-insulation layer (3), and heat absorption heat-insulation layer (3) is one of following two types:
First kind is the compound heat absorption insulation material of infrared ray;
Second kind adds and lays photovoltaic battery panel for the heat absorption heat insulation base layer.
Vacuum cumulative reactor of the present invention (8) is spherical or cylindrical, interior dress superconduction working medium, its top arranges the ring vaccum tube bank (5) of three groups or many groups and heat storage can (4) and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) UNICOM sealed to each other, stretches into ring vaccum in the heat storage can (4) and restrains (5) and be radial minute upper, middle and lower-ranking or multi-layer sealed being welded on the heat storage can (4) that is bent upwards; Heat supply pipeline (13) inserts in the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) with straight tube or coil form by ring vaccum tube bank (5) center, and it imports and exports two ends and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) seal welding.
Curved surface optically focused still of the present invention (7) and dish formula condenser (9) are the single mirror of large scale or small size mirror group, be that focus is Nan Xixiang and east southeast to 120 ° of radial distributed in three dimensions with vacuum cumulative reactor (8) respectively, and form three warmers copolymerization or how burnt copolymerization by universal rotation mechanism (10) control and sun synchronization motion.
Curved surface optically focused still of the present invention (7) is one group of annular surface optically focused still group, the warp-wise two ends of every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface (7-1) are assembled through ring (7-3) by mobilizable sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) and son, and the son vertical with sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) is through encircling (7-3) two ends by mobilizable sub-broadwise axle (7-4) and sub-latitude ring (7-5) assembling; Whole optically focused still group's warp-wise two ends are assembled through ring (7-7) with female by mobilizable female warp-wise axle (7-6), and the mother vertical with female warp-wise axle (7-6) is through encircling (7-7) two ends by mobilizable female broadwise axle (7-8) and female latitude ring (7-9) assembling; Curved surface optically focused still (7) both can be by female longitude and latitude ring (7-7) and (7-9) 360 ° of revolution of guiding synchronous sun tracking, and every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface (7-1) can form how burnt copolymerization by sub-longitude and latitude ring (7-3) and (7-5) 360 ° of rotations of guiding synchronous sun tracking again.
Universal rotation mechanism of the present invention (10) is the Control System of Microcomputer of being made up of universal ball joint, traction link, micromachine deceleration device, settled date sensor, and the control mode that itself and sunlight are synchronized with the movement is one of following three types:
First kind of clock device that circled certainly in 24 hours for the simulation earth adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear;
Second kind adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear for shadow or photo-thermal settled date sensor;
The third adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear for temperature-sensitive memory material orientation.
Curved surface optically focused still of the present invention (7), dish formula condenser (9) and with the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) of its focus point and with the heat storage can (4) of ring vaccum tube bank (5) sealed attachment and the circulation system that relates to it, can be composed in series north and south and arrange east-west large-scale solar generating matrix, or composing in parallel annular spherical array, capacity 10-1000MW is incorporated into the power networks.
Optical fusion solar boiler of the present invention and general boiler relatively have without any fuel, clean harmlessly fully, and the outstanding advantage of energy-saving and emission-reduction is that human society is from now on the inevitable choice that can consume energy and final home to return to.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is optical fusion solar boiler structural representation;
Fig. 2 is the main apparent direction schematic diagram of curved surface optically focused still group of Fig. 1;
Wherein:
1. optical fusion solar boiler parts and pipe network are as follows:
(1). lightning rod; (2). manhole; (3). the heat absorption heat-insulation layer; (4). heat storage can; (5). the ring vaccum tube bank; (6). stand type support; (7). curved surface optically focused still; (8). vacuum cumulative reactor; (9). dish formula condenser; (10). universal rotation mechanism; (11). return pipe; (12). the moisturizing coil pipe; (13). heat supply pipeline.
2. curved surface optically focused still group parts are as follows:
7-1. solar concentrator lens with curved surface; 7-2. sub-warp-wise axle; 7-3. son is through ring; 7-4. sub-broadwise axle; 7-5. sub-latitude ring; 7-6. female warp-wise axle; 7-7. it is female through ring; 7-8. female broadwise axle; 7-9. female latitude ring.
Embodiment:
As Fig. 1, shown in Figure 2: optical fusion solar boiler of the present invention comprises the heat storage can (4) that stand type support (6) supports, with the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) of ring vaccum tube bank (5) with heat storage can (4) sealed attachment, place the moisturizing coil pipe (12) at stand type support (6) solar concentrator lens with curved surface focus place, return pipe (11) and place ring vaccum tube bank (5) center and the heat supply pipeline (13) that passes through from vacuum cumulative reactor (8) and be the three-dimensional radial setting of focus and by curved surface optically focused still (7) and the dish formula condenser (9) of universal rotation mechanism (10) control with the sun synchronization motion with vacuum cumulative reactor (8), the corresponding focusing formation with condenser of each positive lens group burnt copolymerization produces red-hot cumulative hot spot heating working medium.
Optical fusion solar boiler operation principle by said structure is:
Described optical fusion solar boiler, its cold water moisturizing coil pipe (12) that places curved surface stand type support (6) condenser focus point of flowing through carries out flowing into heat storage can (4) after the high strength preheating, preheating water secondary temperature elevation in following jar of the shielding of heat storage can (4) heat absorption heat-insulation layer, the three-dimensional how burnt copolymerization of curved surface optically focused still (7) and dish formula condenser (9), excite the violent physical and chemical reaction of superconduction working medium in the vacuum cumulative reactor (8), with 1000 times of heat transfer rates to copper with radiation, convection current, conduction pattern carries out three heating of superhigh intensity to post bake water in the jar, high-temperature water after three heating goes out from ring vaccum tube bank (5) and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) mid-game eddy flow, carry out four heating, be follow-up heat supply, generating, refrigeration provides elevated temperature heat power working medium.
Described stand type support (6) is that three post steel construction curved surface pillars support, curved surface post north-south layout, lay condenser in its sensitive surface groove, the focus place of condenser arranges moisturizing coil pipe (12) in the two curved surface posts groove of southern side, the focus place of condenser arranges return pipe (11) in the curved surface post groove of north side, moisturizing coil pipe (12) and return pipe (11) top arrange bar formula solar concentrator lens with curved surface, and condenser forms the bifocal copolymerization in its focus and the above-mentioned curved surface post groove.Article two, the part that extends in the heat storage can (4) of moisturizing coil pipe (12) and a return pipe (11) is welded on the heat accumulation tank body, forms triangle and strengthens supporting, and leaking hole is opened in the part, curved surface post design height 10m.
Described heat storage can (4) is spherical tank, its top is opened manhole (2) and is installed lightning rod (1), opaco installing cat ladder guardrail, heat storage can (4) outer surface lays the heat absorption heat-insulation layer of being made up of the compound heat absorption insulation material of infrared ray (3), spherical tank volume is by satisfying the heat demand design of villager natural village, 50 family, diameter 6m.
Described vacuum cumulative reactor (8) is spherical, interior dress superconduction working medium, its top arrange three groups with the ring vaccums of heat storage can (4) and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) UNICOM sealed to each other tube banks (5), stretch into ring vaccum tube bank (5) in the heat storage can (4) and be radial minute upper, middle and lower-ranking seal welding being bent upwards on heat storage can (4); Heat supply pipeline (13) inserts in the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) with coil form by ring vaccum tube bank (5) center, and it imports and exports two ends and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) seal welding.
Described curved surface optically focused still (7) and dish formula condenser (9) are small size mirror group, be that focus is Nan Xixiang and east southeast to 120 ° of radial distributed in three dimensions with vacuum cumulative reactor (8) respectively, and form three warmers copolymerization or how burnt copolymerization by universal rotation mechanism (10) control and sun synchronization motion.
Described curved surface optically focused still (7) is 1 big 8 little annular surface optically focused still group, the warp-wise two ends of every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface (7-1) are assembled through ring (7-3) by mobilizable sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) and son, and the son vertical with sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) is through encircling (7-3) two ends by mobilizable sub-broadwise axle (7-4) and sub-latitude ring (7-5) assembling; Whole optically focused still group's warp-wise two ends are assembled through ring (7-7) with female by mobilizable female warp-wise axle (7-6), and the mother vertical with female warp-wise axle (7-6) is through encircling (7-7) two ends by mobilizable female broadwise axle (7-8) and female latitude ring (7-9) assembling; Curved surface optically focused still (7) both can be by female longitude and latitude ring (7-7) and (7-9) 360 ° of revolution of guiding synchronous sun tracking, and every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface (7-1) can form how burnt copolymerization by sub-longitude and latitude ring (7-3) and (7-5) 360 ° of rotations of guiding synchronous sun tracking again.
Described universal rotation mechanism (10) is the Control System of Microcomputer of being made up of universal ball joint, traction link, micromachine deceleration device, settled date sensor, and the control mode that itself and sunlight are synchronized with the movement is that shadow settled date sensor adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear.
Described optical fusion solar boiler, the first step is formed small-sized heating plant with single suite face optically focused still (7) and dish formula condenser (9) and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) with heat storage can (4) and the related circulation system of ring vaccum tube bank (5) sealed attachment, solves single household resident heating, bathing earlier with warm demand; Second step was built the thermoelectric cold comprehensive demonstration of 1000KW power station with small-sized cluster array, solved the thermoelectric cold demand of 1 natural village or residential quarter; The 3rd step was selected more abundant light field at sunshine after the summing up experience of in advance demonstrating, build north and south and arrange east-west large-scale solar generating matrix, was incorporated into the power networks, and capacity 10MW forms the socialization scale and benefit that solar energy composite utilizes.

Claims (8)

1. optical fusion solar boiler, it is characterized in that: this device comprises the heat storage can (4) that stand type support (6) supports, with the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) of ring vaccum tube bank (5) with heat storage can (4) sealed attachment, place the moisturizing coil pipe (12) at stand type support (6) solar concentrator lens with curved surface focus place, return pipe (11) and place ring vaccum tube bank (5) center and the heat supply pipeline (13) that passes through from vacuum cumulative reactor (8) and be the three-dimensional radial setting of focus and the curved surface optically focused still (7) and the dish formula condenser (9) that are synchronized with the movement by universal rotation mechanism (10) control and sunlight with vacuum cumulative reactor (8), the corresponding focusing formation with condenser of each positive lens group burnt copolymerization produces red-hot cumulative hot spot heating working medium.
2. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described stand type support (6) supports for gusseted or multicolumn, and its version is one of following three types:
First kind is the support of cylinder pillar or frame-type support;
Second kind is that steel construction curved surface post supports, curved surface post north-south layout, lay condenser in its sensitive surface groove, the focus place of condenser arranges moisturizing coil pipe (12) in the two curved surface posts groove of southern side, the focus place of condenser arranges return pipe (11) in the curved surface post groove of north side, article two, the part that extends in the heat storage can (4) of moisturizing coil pipe (12) and a return pipe (11) is welded on the heat accumulation tank body, forms triangle and strengthens supporting, and leaking hole is opened in the part;
The third is on the basis of above-mentioned second kind of structure, and moisturizing coil pipe (12) and return pipe (11) top arrange bar formula solar concentrator lens with curved surface, and condenser forms the bifocal copolymerization in its focus and the above-mentioned curved surface post groove.
3. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described heat storage can (4) for spherical tank or for cylinder tank or for the side jar, its top is opened manhole (2) and is installed lightning rod (1), opaco installing cat ladder guardrail, heat storage can (4) outer surface lays heat absorption heat-insulation layer (3), and heat absorption heat-insulation layer (3) is one of following two types:
First kind is the compound heat absorption insulation material of infrared ray;
Second kind adds and lays photovoltaic battery panel for the heat absorption heat insulation base layer.
4. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described vacuum cumulative reactor (8) is for spherical or cylindrical, interior dress superconduction working medium, its top arranges the ring vaccum tube bank (5) of three groups or many groups and heat storage can (4) and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) UNICOM sealed to each other, stretches into ring vaccum in the heat storage can (4) and restrains (5) and be radial minute upper, middle and lower-ranking or multi-layer sealed being welded on the heat storage can (4) that is bent upwards; Heat supply pipeline (13) inserts in the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) with straight tube or coil form by ring vaccum tube bank (5) center, and it imports and exports two ends and vacuum cumulative reactor (8) seal welding.
5. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described curved surface optically focused still (7) and dish formula condenser (9) are the single mirror of large scale or small size mirror group, be that focus is Nan Xixiang and east southeast to 120 ° of radial distributed in three dimensions with vacuum cumulative reactor (8) respectively, and be synchronized with the movement with sunlight by universal rotation mechanism (10) control and form three warmers copolymerization or how burnt copolymerization.
6. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described curved surface optically focused still (7) is one group of annular surface optically focused still group, the warp-wise two ends of every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface (7-1) are assembled through ring (7-3) by mobilizable sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) and son, and the son vertical with sub-warp-wise axle (7-2) is through encircling (7-3) two ends by mobilizable sub-broadwise axle (7-4) and sub-latitude ring (7-5) assembling; Whole optically focused still group's warp-wise two ends are assembled through ring (7-7) with female by mobilizable female warp-wise axle (7-6), and the mother vertical with female warp-wise axle (7-6) is through encircling (7-7) two ends by mobilizable female broadwise axle (7-8) and female latitude ring (7-9) assembling; Curved surface optically focused still (7) both can be by female longitude and latitude ring (7-7) and (7-9) 360 ° of revolution of guiding synchronous sun tracking, and every single solar concentrator lens with curved surface can form how burnt copolymerization by sub-longitude and latitude ring (7-3) and (7-5) 360 ° of rotations of guiding synchronous sun tracking again.
7. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the Control System of Microcomputer of described universal rotation mechanism (10) for being made up of universal ball joint, traction link, micromachine deceleration device, settled date sensor, the control mode that itself and sunlight are synchronized with the movement are one of following three types:
First kind of clock device that circled certainly in 24 hours for the simulation earth adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear;
Second kind adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear for shadow or photo-thermal settled date sensor;
The third adds universal rotation mechanism (10) microcomputer automatic control link gear for temperature-sensitive memory material orientation.
8. optical fusion solar boiler according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described curved surface optically focused still (7), dish formula condenser (9) and with the vacuum cumulative reactor (8) of its focus point and with the heat storage can (4) of ring vaccum tube bank (5) sealed attachment and the circulation system that relates to it, can be composed in series north and south and arrange east-west large-scale solar generating matrix, or composing in parallel annular spherical array, capacity 10-1000MW is incorporated into the power networks.
CN201210006400.4A 2012-01-11 2012-01-11 Light-condensingsolar boiler Expired - Fee Related CN103206791B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104748385A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-01 王刚 Strong magnetic inner rotor suit type multi-mouse-cage cyclonal self-electricity-generation multifunctional heater
CN106152541A (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-11-23 王颖 Ten stove azeotropic de-carbons go out haze cumulative reacting furnace
CN107676989A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-02-09 海宁铿宇贸易有限公司 A kind of improved solar water heater

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000018732A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-01-18 Yutaku In Compound heating boiler of sun light
US6712069B1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-03-30 William L. Spangler Solar energy collection and storage system
CN101818948A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-09-01 崔文瀛 Solar heat-storage heating device for buildings in high-latitude regions
CN102102912A (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-22 洁优森株式会社 A water heating apparatus unified with solar heat collector using vaccum pipe

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2000018732A (en) * 1998-06-30 2000-01-18 Yutaku In Compound heating boiler of sun light
US6712069B1 (en) * 2002-11-20 2004-03-30 William L. Spangler Solar energy collection and storage system
CN102102912A (en) * 2009-12-21 2011-06-22 洁优森株式会社 A water heating apparatus unified with solar heat collector using vaccum pipe
CN101818948A (en) * 2010-05-10 2010-09-01 崔文瀛 Solar heat-storage heating device for buildings in high-latitude regions

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104748385A (en) * 2013-12-30 2015-07-01 王刚 Strong magnetic inner rotor suit type multi-mouse-cage cyclonal self-electricity-generation multifunctional heater
CN104748385B (en) * 2013-12-30 2017-10-31 王刚 The many mouse cage eddy flow generating multifunctional self heaters of strong magnetic internal rotor sleeve type
CN106152541A (en) * 2015-04-09 2016-11-23 王颖 Ten stove azeotropic de-carbons go out haze cumulative reacting furnace
CN107676989A (en) * 2017-09-13 2018-02-09 海宁铿宇贸易有限公司 A kind of improved solar water heater

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