CN103202252A - Method of transporting live large-sized commercial shad - Google Patents

Method of transporting live large-sized commercial shad Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103202252A
CN103202252A CN2013101256063A CN201310125606A CN103202252A CN 103202252 A CN103202252 A CN 103202252A CN 2013101256063 A CN2013101256063 A CN 2013101256063A CN 201310125606 A CN201310125606 A CN 201310125606A CN 103202252 A CN103202252 A CN 103202252A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hilsa herring
cask
transportation
water
hilsa
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CN2013101256063A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103202252B (en
Inventor
陈焕根
童怡博
邹宏海
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JIANGSU PROVINCE FISHERY TECHNOLOGY EXTENSION CENTER
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JIANGSU PROVINCE FISHERY TECHNOLOGY EXTENSION CENTER
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Priority to CN201310125606.3A priority Critical patent/CN103202252B/en
Publication of CN103202252A publication Critical patent/CN103202252A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

A method of transporting live large-sized commercial shad includes the steps of firstly, preparing before fishing; secondly, fishing; thirdly, bagging; fourthly, transporting; and fifthly reviving. In training before fishing, the shade is adaptive to manual operation; during fishing, mild operation is performed to avoid damage to the body of the shad; during bagging, transporting physiological fluid is added to lower stress reaction, and ice cubes are used for cooling to enable the shad to be less active; during transporting, foam boxes are used for bagging to reduce the influence caused by external vibrations. The time of transporting the shad by the method lasts more than 10 hours, the survival rate is more than 90%, and the shad can survive for more than 2 days at the destination.

Description

Big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method
Technical field
The technical program belongs to aquaculture field, specifically is a kind of big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method.
Background technology
In the live transport of present conventional fish, if use anaesthetic, through about 10 hours haulage time, can guarantee that survival rate is more than about 90%.Yet hilsa herring temper irritability, stimulations such as environmental change and manual operation are very easily produced stress, and stress reaction far is better than general fish, show as along chamber wall and move about fast, the behavior of chamber wall also appears colliding sometimes, cause the fish body surface injured, and have dried up to be dead characteristic, to cause live transport very difficult.Hilsa herring under the stress situation is carried out physiological and biochemical analysis research, the result shows, the hilsa herring serum cortisol sharply rises behind the environment change, be typical stress situation, after changing smaller container over to, serum cortisol rises to rapidly more than 10 times, transports after 2 hours and rises 20 times before the transportation of serum cortisol content ratio; Cause that simultaneously blood sugar and lactate dehydrogenase rise, cause the body anoxic, the irritability acute bleeding occurs, and tissues such as heart, liver are subjected to damage to a certain degree, haemolysis also occurs, thereby cause higher lethality.
Especially the monomer specification is the big standard commodities hilsa herring of 0.5-0.8kg/ tail, and its irritability is more violent than hilsa herring seed, can cause bigger bump, causes the fish body injured, and then influences transportation survival rate.
Icing bright hilsa herring and live body hilsa herring taste exists than big difference; so also there is difference in the market price, sell with live body and can guarantee to obtain bigger benefit, therefore explore the transportation resources of big standard commodities fish live body hilsa herring; have the vast market demand, also be conducive to promote the development of culturing reeves shads industry.
Summary of the invention
The present invention mainly solves big standard commodities hilsa herring live transport problem, for the live body supply of hilsa herring from the breed pond to the restaurant provides a feasible way.
The technical program is started with from life habit and the biological property of big specification hilsa herring, targetedly to fish for, each link such as transportation adopts corresponding measure, reduce manual operation to the stimulation of hilsa herring, alleviate stress reaction, thereby reduce the injury to the fish body, after guaranteeing to transport hilsa herring and arriving at the destination, still can survive.The technical program is specific as follows:
A kind of big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method, step comprises:
One) fishes for preceding preparation
After hilsa herring reached commercial specification, the training hilsa herring made its preliminary intervention that adapts to human behavior:
Draw in the net to take exercise: cooperate breed pond size design to draw in the net, hilsa herring is driven to cultures one jiao in pond, the density that keeps the hilsa herring of this hilsa herring aggregation zone is 8~10 times of normal cultivation density, decontrols after 4~8 minutes and draws in the net;
Draw in the net to be trained for every day 2 ~ 3 times, carry out more than 3 days continuously, and the density of the hilsa herring of described hilsa herring aggregation zone is increased gradually, final densities reaches every cube of water body greater than 100 tails;
Two) fish for
Fish for and be the operation of band water in the process;
Three) pack
After hilsa herring is fished for, in the cask of packing into immediately; Add the transportation physiological liquid, installation of water is 1/4~2/5 of cask volume; After putting into live fish, squeeze out the air that accumulates in the cask immediately, and charge into pure oxygen, the sealing cask; Hilsa herring density in the cask is 10~15 tails/100L;
Four) transportation
The cask that hilsa herring is housed is placed in the damping container, simultaneously, puts into trash ice between cask outer wall and the damping container inner wall; The packed in cases of damping container, adopt the enclosed vehicle of band air conditioning function to transport the destination to again; Surpass 10 hours as haulage time, then oxygenation is once again to cask that hilsa herring is housed.
Five) recovery
After arriving the destination, the cask that hilsa herring is housed put into waits to put in a suitable place to breed water body, when the water temperature in the cask with after the water temperature of waiting to put in a suitable place to breed water body is consistent, again hilsa herring is put into water.
As preferably:
Described step 1) in, fished for preceding 1 day, stop bait throwing in.
Described step 1) in, draw in the net silk screen into smooth pliable, mesh density is every square cun of 300 orders above (very little be cun).
Described step 3) in, the prescription that preferably transports physiological liquid is: the concentration of sea salt is 5000~10000ppm, and the concentration of vitamin c is 10-15ppm, and the mass concentration of benzocainum is 20~30ppm, and surplus is water.
Described step 3) in, described cask is the double-layer plastic Nylon Bag, and the volume of this Nylon Bag is 20L ± 10%, and wall thickness is not less than 0.8mm; Put into commodity hilsa herring 2~3 tails that specification is 0.5~0.8kg/ tail for every bag.
Described step 3) in, the damping container is bubble chamber.
In the technical program, train before fishing for to make hilsa herring possess certain adaptability to manual operation; Fish for gentle operation in the process, avoid the fish body is caused damage; During pack, add the transportation physiological liquid, reduce stress reaction, use ice block cooling, reduce the hilsa herring activity; During transportation, with the bubble chamber pack, reduce the influence of external environment concussion.
Embodiment
A kind of big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method, step comprises:
One) fishes for preceding preparation
After hilsa herring reached commercial specification, the training hilsa herring made its preliminary intervention that adapts to human behavior:
Draw in the net to take exercise: cooperate breed pond size design to draw in the net, hilsa herring is driven to cultures one jiao in pond, the density that keeps the hilsa herring of this hilsa herring aggregation zone is 8~10 times of normal cultivation density, decontrols after 4~8 minutes and draws in the net;
Draw in the net to be trained for every day 2 ~ 3 times, carry out more than 3 days continuously, and the density of the hilsa herring of described hilsa herring aggregation zone is increased gradually, final densities reaches every cube of water body greater than 100 tails;
Two) fish for
Fish for and be the operation of band water in the process;
Three) pack
After hilsa herring is fished for, in the cask of packing into immediately; Add the transportation physiological liquid, installation of water is 1/4~2/5 of cask volume; After putting into live fish, squeeze out the air that accumulates in the cask immediately, and charge into pure oxygen, the sealing cask; Hilsa herring density in the cask is 10~15 tails/100L;
Four) transportation
The cask that hilsa herring is housed is placed in the damping container, simultaneously, puts into trash ice between cask outer wall and the damping container inner wall; The packed in cases of damping container, adopt the enclosed vehicle of band air conditioning function to transport the destination to again; Surpass 10 hours as haulage time, then oxygenation is once again to cask that hilsa herring is housed.
Five) recovery
After arriving the destination, the cask that hilsa herring is housed put into waits to put in a suitable place to breed water body, when the water temperature in the cask with after the water temperature of waiting to put in a suitable place to breed water body is consistent, again hilsa herring is put into water.
The results showed that in general, transport hilsa herring according to the method described above, haulage time can reach more than 10 hours, survival rate can reach more than 90%, and arrives at the destination and still can survive more than 2 days.
The present invention is further described as follows below in conjunction with preferred embodiment:
One, fishes for preceding preparation
After hilsa herring reaches commercial specification, train hilsa herring tentatively to adapt to the intervention of human behavior by mode such as draw in the net; Fished for preceding 1 day, and stopped bait throwing in.
Draw in the net to take exercise, cooperate and culture the pond size design and draw in the net, hilsa herring is driven to cultures one jiao in pond, decontrol after 5 minutes for 10 times that remain usual cultivation density, so that it adapts to narrow space.Every day like this 2 ~ 3 times, carry out more than 3 days continuously, and density is increased gradually, reach the density of 100 in every cube of water body, can transport.Because the hilsa herring fish scale very easily comes off, draw in the net to adopt the silk screen of smooth pliable for this reason, preferably use drawing in the net that mariages terylene screen cloth (mesh density is more than every square cun of 300 orders) makes.
Two, fish for
Draw in the net to fish for by the mode of drawing in the net to take exercise.Hilsa herring temper irritability requires highly to dissolved oxygen, it is dead one to say that water outlet is arranged, so should be with the water operation in the process of fishing for.
Three, pack
After hilsa herring is fished for, in the ready double-layer plastic Nylon Bag of should packing into immediately.Nylon Bag is preferably selected 20L left and right sides specification, wall thickness 0.1mm for use; Add the transportation physiological liquid, installation of water is about 1/3 of Nylon Bag capacity; Add the transportation physiological liquid, the concentration of filling a prescription to sea salt is 5000~10000ppm, and the concentration of vitamin c is 10-15ppm, and the mass concentration of benzocainum is 20~30ppm, and surplus is water.After putting into live fish, push the output inner product gas of leaving a blank immediately, and charge into pure oxygen, oxygenation capacity is tightened sack with rubber band with full flexible, the no recessed flat degree of being in Nylon Bag surface after the oxygenation end immediately.Put into the commodity hilsa herring 2-3 tail that specification is the 0.5-0.8kg/ tail for every bag.
Four, transportation
After the hilsa herring pack finishes, be horizontally-arranged in the bubble chamber with the supporting size of Nylon Bag, and put into trash ice; The packed in cases of bubble chamber external demand.Adopt the enclosed vehicle transportation of band air conditioning function toward the destination, surpass 10 hours as haulage time, oxygenation once again.
Five, recovery
After arriving the destination, bag put into waits to put in a suitable place to breed water body, when the water-in-bag temperature with put in a suitable place to breed the water body water temperature consistent after (about 15 minutes) open bag again, fish is put into water.
Test is autumn below, carries out the hilsa herring transportation by the Yangtze River Delta Area city to the North China city:
One, fishes for preceding preparation
Compliant transport is above live body hilsa herring 20 tails of 0.6kg/ tail.Began in preceding 4 days the culturing reeves shads pond is drawn in the net to temper early, middle and late respectively the exercise 1 time for three days on end in shipping.Draw in the net to adopt the mosquito net cloth to make.The daystart of stopping eating is then fished for out the pond and is transported.
Two, fish for and pack
Before fishing for, be ready to 15 nylon shipping bags that install the transportation physiological liquid in advance.
4:00 AM adopts and to draw in the net exercising way and fish for, and with hilsa herring corral in the fishpond one jiao, therefrom selects the individuality that reaches commercial specification.After fish dragged for the gauze made from mosquito netting cloth, pack into immediately and fill in the Nylon Bag of transportation physiological liquid, every packed 2 tails.Push the output inner product gas of leaving a blank immediately, and charge into pure oxygen, and tighten sack with rubber band.
Three, transportation
Hilsa herring pack is horizontally-arranged at Nylon Bag in the supporting bubble chamber after finishing, and puts into mineral water bottle and install the ice cube that water is frozen into; Foam is inserted in the packed in cases.Employing minibus transportation, the omnidistance air-conditioning of opening, temperature adjustment to 20 ℃ is transported to the airport, mails to the North China city by flight, and whole haulage time is not more than 10 hours.
Four, recovery
After arriving the destination, bag put into waits to put in a suitable place to breed water body, when the water-in-bag temperature with put in a suitable place to breed the water body water temperature consistent after (about 15 minutes) open bag again, fish is put into water.According to the destination feedback, all survivals of this transportation.

Claims (5)

1. one kind big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method is characterized in that step comprises:
One) fishes for preceding preparation
After hilsa herring reaches commercial specification, the training hilsa herring makes its preliminary intervention that adapts to human behavior, method is taken exercise for drawing in the net: cooperate breed pond size design to draw in the net, hilsa herring is driven to one jiao in breed pond, the density that keeps the hilsa herring of this hilsa herring aggregation zone is 8~10 times of normal cultivation density, decontrols after 4~8 minutes and draws in the net;
Draw in the net to be trained for every day 2 ~ 3 times, carry out more than 3 days continuously, and the density of the hilsa herring of described hilsa herring aggregation zone is increased gradually, final densities reaches every cube of water body greater than 100 tails;
Two) fish for
Fish for and be the operation of band water in the process;
Three) pack
After hilsa herring is fished for, in the cask of packing into immediately; Add the transportation physiological liquid, installation of water is 1/4~2/5 of cask volume; After putting into live fish, squeeze out the air that accumulates in the cask immediately, and charge into pure oxygen, the sealing cask; Hilsa herring density in the cask is 10~15 tails/100L;
Four) transportation
The cask that hilsa herring is housed is placed in the damping container, simultaneously, puts into trash ice between cask outer wall and the damping container inner wall; The packed in cases of damping container, adopt the enclosed vehicle of band air conditioning function to transport the destination to again; Surpass 10 hours as haulage time, then oxygenation is once again to cask that hilsa herring is housed;
Five) recovery
After arriving the destination, the cask that hilsa herring is housed put into waits to put in a suitable place to breed water body, when the water temperature in the cask with after the water temperature of waiting to put in a suitable place to breed water body is consistent, again hilsa herring is put into water.
2. big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that described step 1) in, fished for preceding 1 day, stop bait throwing in.
3. big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that described step 1) in, draw in the net silk screen into smooth pliable, mesh density is more than every square cun of 300 orders.
4. big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described step 3) in, the prescription of transportation physiological liquid is: the concentration of sea salt is 5000~10000ppm, the concentration of vitamin c is 10-15ppm, the mass concentration of benzocainum is 20~30ppm, and surplus is water.
5. big standard commodities hilsa herring living body transportation method according to claim 1 is characterized in that described step 3) in, described cask is the double-layer plastic Nylon Bag, and the volume of this Nylon Bag is 20L ± 10%, and wall thickness is not less than 0.8mm; Put into commodity hilsa herring 2~3 tails that specification is 0.5~0.8kg/ tail for every bag.
CN201310125606.3A 2013-04-11 2013-04-11 Method of transporting live large-sized commercial shad Expired - Fee Related CN103202252B (en)

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Cited By (10)

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CN103503809A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-15 浙江省舟山市水产研究所 Large yellow croaker artificial breeding method
CN103583423A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-02-19 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Packing method for prolonging out-of-water survival time of portunus trituberculatus
CN103798171A (en) * 2014-02-22 2014-05-21 上海海洋大学 No-water transportation method of aquatic product
CN104145860A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-19 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 Rhinogobio ventralis parent fish transporting method
CN104285867A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-21 广西神龙王农牧食品集团有限公司 Transport method for fresh-water fish fries
CN104351100A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-18 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Cultured fish type anti-stress domestication method and device based on method
CN104904629A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-16 上海海洋大学 Conveying method for a large quantity of freshwater fishes in summer
CN105123571A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-09 浙江师范大学 Symphsodon discus live transportation method
CN107466917A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-15 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 A kind of long-distance transport method of suitable fancy carp
CN110432210A (en) * 2018-05-02 2019-11-12 江苏中也食品进出口有限公司 A kind of method of hairtail adult fish live transport

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103503809A (en) * 2013-10-12 2014-01-15 浙江省舟山市水产研究所 Large yellow croaker artificial breeding method
CN103583423A (en) * 2013-10-24 2014-02-19 浙江省海洋水产研究所 Packing method for prolonging out-of-water survival time of portunus trituberculatus
CN103798171A (en) * 2014-02-22 2014-05-21 上海海洋大学 No-water transportation method of aquatic product
CN104145860A (en) * 2014-08-01 2014-11-19 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 Rhinogobio ventralis parent fish transporting method
CN104145860B (en) * 2014-08-01 2016-04-06 中国水产科学研究院长江水产研究所 A kind of long Qi Wen Minnow parent population transportation resources
CN104285867A (en) * 2014-10-23 2015-01-21 广西神龙王农牧食品集团有限公司 Transport method for fresh-water fish fries
CN104351100A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-02-18 中国水产科学研究院渔业机械仪器研究所 Cultured fish type anti-stress domestication method and device based on method
CN104904629A (en) * 2015-05-15 2015-09-16 上海海洋大学 Conveying method for a large quantity of freshwater fishes in summer
CN105123571A (en) * 2015-07-24 2015-12-09 浙江师范大学 Symphsodon discus live transportation method
CN107466917A (en) * 2017-08-11 2017-12-15 天津市金水族水产养殖有限公司 A kind of long-distance transport method of suitable fancy carp
CN110432210A (en) * 2018-05-02 2019-11-12 江苏中也食品进出口有限公司 A kind of method of hairtail adult fish live transport

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