CN103192944B - An automatic speed electric exercise bike - Google Patents

An automatic speed electric exercise bike Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103192944B
CN103192944B CN 201310107780 CN201310107780A CN103192944B CN 103192944 B CN103192944 B CN 103192944B CN 201310107780 CN201310107780 CN 201310107780 CN 201310107780 A CN201310107780 A CN 201310107780A CN 103192944 B CN103192944 B CN 103192944B
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speed
exercise
system
automatic
motor
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CN 201310107780
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CN103192944A (en )
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谢容泉
谢容财
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谢容泉
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,包括安装在车体上的健身运动系统和车轮、对车轮进行驱动的电机系统、健身测速传感器、自动和手动调速器、控制器系统以及电源。 The present invention relates to an automatic speed electric bicycle exercise, exercise system including a wheel and mounted on the vehicle body, the motor drives the wheels of the system, speed sensor fitness, auto and manual governor, and a power supply controller system . 其特征在于该自行车结合了健身和代步两个功能,通过自动调速器可以实现健身运动速度与电机转度间的无级连续线性放大变换,骑驶者的脚踏运动频率越快,则自行车的行驶速度越快,反之亦然,让骑驶者体验到车随脚动的运动感。 Characterized in that the binding fitness bicycle travel and two functions can be achieved without continuous linear stage between the motor rotation speed and exercise of the enlargement conversion by an automatic governor, rides driving frequency of movement of the foot's faster the bike It travels faster, and vice versa, so ride to experience the feeling of driving a sports car with the feet moving.

Description

一种可自动调速电动健身自行车 An automatic speed electric exercise bike

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明属于电动自行车技术领域,尤其是涉及一种具有健身运动功能的电动自行车。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the technical field of electric bicycles, particularly relates to an electric bicycle having a fitness function.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着大众物质文化生活水平的提高,人们对身心健康的重视和对环保的关注,选择燃烧脂肪而不是燃烧汽油的出行方式已是大势所趋,采用自行车健身越来越为大众接受,但目前的健身方法存在如下不足之处: Travel Modes [0002] With the improvement of material and cultural life of the masses, people's attention and attention to physical and mental health of environmental protection, choose to burn fat instead of burning gasoline is a general trend, more and more use of bicycles fitness for the public to accept, but there is a deficiency of the current health and fitness:

[0003] 首先,普通的健身自行车多置于室内或者固定场地,占地面积大,不能随意移动,因此室内健身只有在特定的时间和地点才能进行,不仅不能完全接触大自然使得运动过程获得良好的空气质量,而且不利于该项运动的推广普及; [0003] First of all, exercise bikes and more common placed indoors or fixed venues, large area, can not move freely, so indoor fitness only in a specific time and place in order, not only can not make full contact with nature, good movement air quality, and not conducive to popularizing the sport;

[0004] 其次,户外的普通自行车运动固然有其可取之处,但因其巡航速度有限,某些场合无法像较快速度的常规电动车一样适应日益加快的生活以及工作节奏。 [0004] Secondly, the general outdoor cycling certainly has its merits, but because of their limited cruising speed, some situations can not be like a regular electric car faster speeds to adapt to life as well as the ever-accelerating pace of work. 人们为了提高效率节约时间,从而无形中忽略了骑自行车运动的机会。 People in order to improve the efficiency savings time, which virtually ignored the opportunity to ride a bicycle movement.

[0005] 而当前的电动自行车因其驾驶简单、方便快捷、绿色环保被人们视为良好的代步工具,但另一方我们发现电动自行车几乎没有起到运动健身的效果。 [0005] The current electric bicycle because driving is simple, convenient, green is seen as a good means of transport, but we found other electric bikes almost did not work and sports and fitness. 因此研制一种既能到达健身运动效果,又能适应日益增快生活工作节奏从而节约时间的可自动调速电动健身自行车是十分有价值的。 Therefore, the development of a fitness exercise effect not only reach, but also to adapt to the increasingly fast pace of life and work by saving time can be automatically speed electric exercise bike is very valuable.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题而提供一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,这种电动自行车既能够在平时作为健身器材使用,又能够作为一种高效的代步工具。 [0006] The present invention is to solve the technical problems present in the known art and to provide an automatic electric speed exercise bike, electric bicycle which can be usually used as both fitness equipment, and can be used as an efficient means of transport.

[0007] 本发明为解决公知技术中存在的技术问题所采取的技术方案是: [0007] The present invention is to solve the technical problems present in the known art technical solutions are adopted:

[0008] 一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,包括安装在车体上的健身运动系统和车轮、对车轮进行驱动的电机系统、健身测速传感器、自动和手动调速器、控制器系统以及供电系统。 [0008] An automatic speed electric bicycle exercise, exercise system including a wheel and mounted on the vehicle body, the motor drives the wheels of the system, speed sensor fitness, auto and manual governor, and a power supply controller system system.

[0009] 首先骑驶者的骑车脚踏带动健身运动系统转动,通过健身测速传感器即时同步采集因脚踏所形成的转动速度,将此转动速度的数字信号经自动调速器进行一定倍数的增加放大,然后将倍增放大后的数字信号输送至控制器系统,由控制器系统准确控制电机的起动,加速、减速制动。 [0009] First bike ride's foot driving the rotation drive system exercise, exercise speed by the rotational speed sensor for real time synchronous acquisition formed by the foot, the rotational speed of this digital signal by a certain multiple of the automatic speed regulator increasing the amplification, and then multiplying the digital signal amplified to the delivery controller system, accurate control of the starter motor by the controller system, acceleration, deceleration braking. 电机把电能转换为机械动能,驱动电动车行驶。 Motor converts electrical energy into mechanical kinetic energy, driving the electric car driving.

[0010] 整个控制电路的信号,包括采集、转换倍增、传输、反馈,都是实时同步进行的。 [0010] The signal across the control circuit, including acquisition, conversion dynode, transmission, feedback, in real time simultaneously. 骑驶者像骑在传统自行车上那样带动健身车轮,由控制器启动电池开始“放电”,骑驶者的脚踏频率越快,则电动自行车的行驶速度越快,反之亦然,这样就可以给骑驶者一种车随脚动的切身运动体验。 Ride like riding on a person driving a conventional bicycle wheels that drive the health, battery begins to start by the controller, "discharge", the frequency of driving the foot's ride faster the electric bicycle traveling faster, and vice versa, so that you can to ride by driving a vehicle with the feet moving personal sports experience.

[0011] 本发明具有以下突出优点: [0011] The present invention has the following outstanding advantages:

[0012] 1、本发明电动健身自行车,相较以往的健身自行车,骑驶条件不受场时间和场地的限制,有利于户外运动的普及; [0012] 1, the present invention is an electric bicycle exercise, compared to the conventional exercise bicycle, driving conditions of time and space constraints are not of course, is conducive to the popularization of outdoor sports;

[0013] 2、本发明电动健身自行车,实际行驶速度与健身运动速度之间可以实现无级连续线性放大输出; [0013] 2, the electric bicycle exercise present invention, may be implemented between the actual speed and the traveling speed of the exercise stepless linear amplified output;

[0014] 3、本发明电动健身自行车,相较普通脚踏自行车,由于采用电机驱动,运动的同时可以提高生活和工作的效率,节省宝贵时间,是一种优良的代步工具; [0014] 3, the present invention is an electric bicycle exercise, compared to the ordinary bicycle pedal, since the motor-driven, while the motion may improve the efficiency and working life, saving valuable time, is an excellent means of transport;

[0015] 4、健身过程产生的动能还可以对电池充电,环保节能。 [0015] 4, the kinetic energy generated during exercise can also charge the battery, environmentally friendly energy.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是本发明中电动健身自行车的连接原理图。 [0016] FIG. 1 is a present invention, an electric connection diagram of the exercise bicycle.

[0017] 图2是本发明中电动健身自行车的控制流程图。 [0017] FIG 2 is a control flowchart according to the present invention, the electric bicycle exercise.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0018] 为能进一步了解本发明内容、特点及功能,兹例举以下实施例,但此实施例并不限制本发明的保护范围。 [0018] The further understanding of the contents, features and functions of the present invention, hereby exemplified by the following examples, but the examples do not limit the scope of the present invention.

[0019] 请参阅图1,一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,包括安装在车体上的健身运动系统和车轮、对车轮进行驱动的电机系统、健身测速传感器、自动和手动调速器、控制器系统以及供电系统。 [0019] Referring to FIG. 1, an automatic speed electric exercise bicycles, exercise system including a wheel and mounted on the vehicle body, the motor drives the wheels of the system, speed sensor fitness, auto and manual governor, system controller and a power supply system.

[0020] 骑驶者的脚踏运动传递给健身运动系统产生一个转速,由健身测速传感器采集转化为数字信号,传递给自动调速器实现一定倍数的增加放大,然后将倍增放大后的数字信号输送至控制器系统,相应改变输出方波的占空比使负载上的平均电流功率从O〜100%变化,可以无级连续调节输出电压来实现驱动电机的转速调节。 Foot motion [0020] transmitted to the person riding drive system generates a speed exercise, exercise speed sensor acquisition by the conversion into a digital signal, transmitted to the automatic speed increase implemented certain multiple amplification, and the amplified digital signal multiplier delivered to the system controller, a corresponding change in the duty cycle of the square wave output power on the average current in the load changes from O~100%, continuously adjustable stepless speed regulation to achieve an output voltage of the drive motor.

[0021] 根据相关法规,不同电动自行车在平路无风状况下最高行驶速度范围为20〜60km/ho设由驱动电机提供的机械动能产生的最高额定行驶速度为V_,此时对应的输出电压为Umax,对应的放大数字信号为Mmax。 [0021] According to relevant laws and regulations, different electric bicycle on a level road with no maximum speed range of wind conditions at 20~60km / ho provided by a driving motor provided mechanical kinetic energy with maximum rated speed V_, this time corresponding to the output voltage as Umax, corresponding to the amplified digital signal as Mmax.

[0022] 控制流程如图2所示,实际的健身运动产生的速度Viw,经测速传感器转化为数字信号Miw,再传输给自动调速器进行η倍放大为Misg,将倍增放大后的数字信号输送至控制器系统通过调节占空比可以实现输出电压Uisg的无级连续调节,进而驱动电机的无级连续调速。 [0022] The control flow shown in Figure 2, the actual speed of the exercise Viw generated by speed sensor Miwa into a digital signal, and then transmitted to the automatic speed controllers η magnification is Misg, multiplying the digital signal after amplification delivered to the output voltage of the controller system may implement a Uisg stepless adjusted by adjusting the duty cycle, which in turn drives the stepless speed motor. 最终实现健身运动速度Viw与电机速度Vwa之间的无级连续线性变换控制,骑驶者提供的动能越快,则电动车行驶的速度越快。 Exercise kinetic ultimately Viw with stepless speed change control between the linear motor speed Vwa, ride provided by driving faster the electric vehicle traveling faster.

[0023] 其中η的范围从I〜3连续可设,Mas =ηΧΜ健身,但η设置为I时,健身运动速度与行驶的电机速度相当,即=Vwa。 [0023] wherein η ranges from I~3 continuously disposed, Mas = ηΧΜ fitness, but η is set to I, the motor speed and exercise considerable speeds, i.e., = Vwa.

[0024]当M设定彡M眶时,U设定=Ufflax,则V电机=Vmax。 [0024] When M is set orbital San M, U set = Ufflax, the motor V = Vmax.

[0025] 健身过程产生的动能还可以对电池充电,环保节能。 Kinetic energy [0025] produced during exercise may also charge the battery, environmentally friendly energy.

[0026] 若将调速器切换为手动调速器,则自动调速器不产生Misg信号输出,改为手动转把产生的信号,输送给控制器,余下电机控制原理与常规电动车无异。 [0026] If the governor switch to manual governor, the governor does not automatically produce an output signal Misg instead of manually forwarding the signal generated, is supplied to the controller, and the rest of the motor control principle no different from the conventional electric car . 该手动调速器的选项设置以备不进行健身时,该自行车仍可以当作常规电动自行车使用。 The manual option is set to prepare for governor not to exercise, the bicycle as a regular bike can still be used.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,其特征在于:包括安装在车体上的健身运动系统和车轮、对车轮进行驱动的电机系统、健身测速传感器、自动调速器和手动调速器、控制器系统以及供电系统;首先骑驶者的骑车脚踏带动健身运动系统转动,通过健身测速传感器即时同步采集因脚踏所形成的转动速度,将此转动速度的数字信号经自动调速器装置实现一定倍数的增加放大,然后将倍增放大后的数字信号输送至控制器系统,由控制器系统准确控制电机的起动,加速、减速制动;电机把电能转换为机械动能,驱动电动车行驶;整个控制电路中,信号的采集、转换倍增、传输以及反馈都是实时同步进行的。 1. An automatic speed electric exercise bike, characterized in that: the system includes a fitness and a wheel mounted on the vehicle body, the motor drives the wheels of the system, fitness speed sensor, and manual automatic speed governor , the system controller and a power supply system; first driving riding the cyclist's foot drive system rotates exercise, exercise speed by the rotational speed sensor for real time synchronous acquisition formed by the foot, this rotation speed digital signal automatic speed means achieve increased certain multiple amplification, and then multiplying the digital signal amplified to the delivery controller system, accurate control of the starter motor by the controller system, acceleration, deceleration, braking; a motor to convert electrical energy into mechanical kinetic energy for driving the electric vehicle with; the entire control circuit, signal acquisition, conversion dynode, and a feedback transmission is carried out simultaneously in real time.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,其特征在于:自动调速器与手动调速器之间能够实现切换。 As claimed in claim 1. An automatic speed electric exercise bike, characterized in that: the ability to switch between automatic and manual governor governor.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,其特征在于:自动调速器,可以将健身运动信号进行η倍放大,再输送给控制器系统,最终实现健身运动速度与电机速度间的无级连续线性放大,η的范围为I〜3。 1 3. An electric automatic speed exercise bike claim, wherein: the automatic governor, exercise signals can be η times magnification, lose to the controller system, and ultimately the speed and fitness stepless linear amplification between the motor speed, η ranges I~3.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述一种可自动调速电动健身自行车,其特征在于:当自动调速器的放大数字信号值大于等于最高额定行驶速度对应的数字信号时,供电系统输送给电机系统的电压为最高额定电压。 4. The automatic speed motor 1 An exercise bicycle as claimed in claim, wherein: when the amplified digital signal value is greater than or equal automatic governor MAX traveling speed corresponding to a digital signal, supplied to the motor system power supply system the voltage is the highest rated voltage.
CN 201310107780 2013-03-31 2013-03-31 An automatic speed electric exercise bike CN103192944B (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4605240A (en) * 1983-08-18 1986-08-12 Telewe', Inc. Electronically controlled bicycle transmission
US5599244A (en) * 1995-08-14 1997-02-04 Ethington; Russell A. Automatic transmission shifter for velocipedes
EP0527864B1 (en) * 1990-05-08 1998-06-24 E.B.T., Inc. Bicycle electronic transmission control system
CN2853588Y (en) * 2005-10-11 2007-01-03 蒋富强 Automatic control gearshift for motorcycle
CN101037134A (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-19 捷安特(中国)有限公司 Automatic speed-changing system
CN101559819A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-10-21 陶智慧 Shifting and variable speed control system for electrical motorcycle

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4605240A (en) * 1983-08-18 1986-08-12 Telewe', Inc. Electronically controlled bicycle transmission
EP0527864B1 (en) * 1990-05-08 1998-06-24 E.B.T., Inc. Bicycle electronic transmission control system
US5599244A (en) * 1995-08-14 1997-02-04 Ethington; Russell A. Automatic transmission shifter for velocipedes
CN2853588Y (en) * 2005-10-11 2007-01-03 蒋富强 Automatic control gearshift for motorcycle
CN101037134A (en) * 2006-03-17 2007-09-19 捷安特(中国)有限公司 Automatic speed-changing system
CN101559819A (en) * 2009-02-23 2009-10-21 陶智慧 Shifting and variable speed control system for electrical motorcycle

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