CN103192362B - Positioning and line-drawing device for steel rail - Google Patents

Positioning and line-drawing device for steel rail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103192362B
CN103192362B CN201310099535.4A CN201310099535A CN103192362B CN 103192362 B CN103192362 B CN 103192362B CN 201310099535 A CN201310099535 A CN 201310099535A CN 103192362 B CN103192362 B CN 103192362B
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China
Prior art keywords
rail
fixed
abutment sleeve
line
fixed mount
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CN201310099535.4A
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CN103192362A (en
Inventor
王立鼎
梁军生
张富生
王大志
刘冲
王聪
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SUZHOU DINGHAN SENSOR NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SUZHOU DINGHAN SENSOR NETWORK TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Publication of CN103192362A publication Critical patent/CN103192362A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a positioning and line-drawing device for a steel rail. The device comprises a longitudinal positioning member and a vertical positioning member, wherein the longitudinal positioning member comprises a first positioning sleeve, a second positioning sleeve, a cylindrical ruler and a pointer, the first positioning sleeve is fixed on a first fastening bolt on one side of the steel rail, the second positioning sleeve is fixed on a second fastening bolt on the same side of the steel rail, one end of the cylindrical ruler is embedded inside the first positioning sleeve, the other end of the cylindrical ruler is embedded inside the second positioning sleeve, the pointer is nested on the cylindrical ruler in a sliding mode, the vertical positioning member comprises a fixing frame and a line-drawing template, the fixing frame and the line-drawing template are fixed together, the fixing frame is fixed on the steel rail between the first fastening bolt and the second fastening bolt, a reference face of the fixing frame contacts with the bottom of the steel rail, the back of the line-drawing template contacts with the waist of the steel rail, and three line-drawing holes are evenly spaced on the front surface of the line-drawing template along the direction of the steel rail. By the aid of the positioning and line-drawing device, the precision of positioning and line-drawing on the steel rail can be improved.

Description

For the positioning and marking device of rail
Technical field
The present invention relates to mechanical location technology, particularly a kind of positioning and marking device for rail.
Background technology
Rail vehicle security of operation is subject to very large attention always, often needs to install and measure instrument on steel rail web, measures track condition and assesses track whether safety.As specified according to China railways professional standard " wheel track horizontal force, vertical force ground test mode " (TB/T 2489-94), need to paste foil gauge at steel rail web ad-hoc location, measure gapless rail fastening-down temperature of rail with foil gauge simultaneously, the web of the rail surface of two adjacent fastener middles on rail natural axis is needed to paste foil gauge, this just needs positioning marking on rail, ensures that foil gauge pastes position and direction.
Positioning marking at present on rail, normally uses ruler measurement and positioning to rule.The first step draws rail longitudinal register line: first find out center respective on two adjacent fastening bolt end faces, the air line distance of this two center is measured again with rule, calculate and the lengthwise position finding out scribe point on the scale (as according to the existing professional standard of China railways " wheel track horizontal force, vertical force ground survey method " the rail natural axis that specifies of TB/T2489-94 departs from the position of mid point 110mm), long pencil is positioned over described lengthwise position and estimates vertical with rule, then with the line of long pencil standardized bar vertical direction on steel rail web, i.e. longitudinal register line.Second step draws the vertical position line of rail: be close at the bottom of Rail by a right-angle side of square, another right-angle side vertically upward, make square plane vertical with longitudinal direction, find the precalculated scale place of the distance flange of rail (as arrived scale corresponding to rail natural axis distance at the bottom of Rail), then long pencil be put in this scale place and estimate vertical with right-angle side vertically upward, fixed length pencil makes nib be close to rail on the other hand, another hand rest square and is made it be close at the bottom of Rail and move along the longitudinal direction, thus on rail, mark a horizontal line, the i.e. vertical position line of rail.Finally, the point of intersection of rail longitudinal register line and the vertical position line of rail is foil gauge and pastes place.
From above-mentioned positioning marking process, there is error in ruler measurement manually, and therefore measurement and positioning precision is very low, and operation is also inconvenient, so had a strong impact on sensor installation effectiveness and survey the accuracy of data.Therefore, the positioning and marking device providing a kind of certainty of measurement high, easy to operate is necessary.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment provides a kind of positioning and marking device for rail, improve the precision of carrying out positioning marking on rail.
According to a kind of positioning and marking device for rail of the present invention, comprising: longitudinal register component and vertical align member, wherein,
Described longitudinal register component comprises the first abutment sleeve, the second abutment sleeve, cylinder chi and pointer, wherein, first abutment sleeve is fixed on the first fastening bolt of rail side, second abutment sleeve is fixed on second fastening bolt of rail the same side, cylinder chi one end embeds the first abutment sleeve, the other end embeds the second abutment sleeve, and pointer is nested on cylinder chi slippingly;
Described vertical align member comprises fixed mount and marking-off plate, and wherein, fixed mount and marking-off plate are fixed together, and fixed mount is fixed on the rail between the first fastening bolt and the second fastening bolt, and the datum level of fixed mount contacts with at the bottom of Rail;
The back side of marking-off plate contacts with steel rail web, along rail direction, front offers uniform three line holes, interval, described three line holes are unified along the horizontal center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, and the distance of the datum level of described horizontal center line and fixed mount is the first distance threshold pre-set;
Described three line holes are parallel to each other along the vertical center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, wherein, the vertical center line in middle line hole is positioned at the center of marking-off plate, is the second distance threshold value pre-set with the distance of the vertical center line in line hole, side.
Further, described longitudinal register component also comprises:
First abutment sleeve revolving part, is fixed on the first abutment sleeve, and with one end matched in clearance of cylinder chi;
Second abutment sleeve revolving part, is fixed on the second abutment sleeve, and with the other end matched in clearance of cylinder chi;
Vernier, offers the through hole of accommodating cylinder chi, and is fixed together with pointer.
Further, described fixed mount comprises:
Kidney slot, is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount, for placing magnet, is adsorbed on rail by magnetic force by fixed mount;
Screwed hole, is positioned at the top of fixed mount, makes fixed mount be fixed on fishbolt on rail for screwing in.
Further, the number of described fixed mount is 2, and described fixed mount comprises anti-rotation non-circular hole further, and described vertical align member comprises scale bar and straight-bar further, wherein,
Described anti-rotation non-circular hole, is positioned at middle part and the bottom of fixed mount, respectively with scale bar and straight-bar matched in clearance;
Described scale bar, is fixed between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts in the middle part of anti-rotation non-circular hole matched in clearance;
Described straight-bar, is fixed between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts bottom anti-rotation non-circular hole matched in clearance.
Preferably, described cylinder chi is provided with scale, one end of cylinder chi and the second abutment sleeve revolving part matched in clearance is zero graduation place, and the other end is maximum scale place;
Described scale bar is provided with scale, and the middle of scale bar is zero graduation place, all increases near two ends scale.
Preferably, one end of described cylinder chi and the first abutment sleeve revolving part matched in clearance is provided with pin-and-hole, for inserting the split pin preventing pointer, vernier and the first abutment sleeve revolving part from coming off from cylinder chi.
Preferably, described first abutment sleeve revolving part is provided with fastening screw nail, is positioned at the top of the first abutment sleeve revolving part, makes the first abutment sleeve revolving part and the relatively-stationary trip bolt of cylinder chi for screwing in;
Described vernier is provided with screwed hole, makes pointer and vernier and the relatively-stationary fishbolt of cylinder chi for screwing in.
Further, described first distance threshold is the distance to rail natural axis at the bottom of Rail;
Described second distance threshold value is 110mm.
Preferably, described fixed mount is also provided with the groove dismantled from rail by fixed mount, is positioned at the upper surface bottom fixed mount, is communicated with kidney slot.
The line flow process of the described positioning and marking device for rail comprises:
Calculate the distance between the first abutment sleeve and the second abutment sleeve opposing end surface by cylinder chi, pointer is moved to score value position in the distance calculated along cylinder chi, fixed pointers;
Left and right translation fixed mount, makes the left side of pointer align with the zero graduation place on scale bar, then by screwing fishbolt, fixing fixed mount is on rail;
Rule along horizontal center line level on rail in rail direction by three line holes of mark, obtain steel rail web neutral axis;
Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain adjacent fastener point midway on steel rail web natural axis;
Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in left and right two line holes of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain two location points steel rail web neutral axis departing from adjacent fastener center second distance threshold value respectively; Or left and right translation fixed mount, makes the left side of pointer align with the y-scale place, left/right side on scale bar, then by screwing fishbolt, fixing fixed mount is on rail; Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain the position of steel rail web natural axis departing from right/left side, adjacent fastener center Y.
From above technical scheme, the positioning and marking device for rail that the embodiment of the present invention proposes, with the axis of fastening bolt for longitudinal benchmark, be vertical benchmark with the flange of rail, longitudinal register component is fixed on the fastening bolt of rail side, vertical align member is fixed on rail, by adjusting the position of vertical align member on rail, make the centre position of vertical align member or deviation a certain numerical value corresponding with the centre position of longitudinal register component, thus realize the function of positioning marking on rail.Apply the positioning and marking device for rail provided by the invention and position line, simple, convenient, improve the precision of carrying out positioning marking on rail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, be briefly described to the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art below.Apparently, the accompanying drawing in below describing is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, can also obtain other embodiment and accompanying drawing thereof according to these accompanying drawing illustrated embodiments.
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the embodiment of the present invention for the positioning and marking device of rail;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention longitudinal register component;
Fig. 3 is the first structural representation of the vertical align member of the embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the second structural representation of the vertical align member of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Carry out clear, complete description below with reference to accompanying drawing to the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention, obviously, described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention, instead of whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, other embodiments all that those of ordinary skill in the art obtain under the prerequisite not making creative work, all belong to the scope that the present invention protects.
The positioning and marking device for rail that the present invention proposes, with the axis of fastening bolt for longitudinal benchmark, be vertical benchmark with the flange of rail, longitudinal register component is fixed on the fastening bolt of rail side, vertical align member is fixed on rail, by adjusting the position of vertical align member on rail, make the centre position of vertical align member or deviation a certain numerical value corresponding with the centre position of longitudinal register component, thus realize the function of positioning marking on rail.
See Fig. 1, on the horizontal plane kept flat, rail bearing of trend is left and right directions, be described longitudinal direction, the direction vertical with left and right directions is fore-and-aft direction, direction perpendicular to the ground is above-below direction, and be described vertical, the positioning and marking device for rail of the embodiment of the present invention comprises: longitudinal register component and vertical align member.Wherein, described longitudinal register component comprises the first abutment sleeve 11, second abutment sleeve 12, cylinder chi 13 and pointer 14, wherein, first abutment sleeve 11 is fixed on the first fastening bolt 3 of rail side, second abutment sleeve 12 is fixed on second fastening bolt 4 of rail the same side, cylinder chi 13 one end embeds the first abutment sleeve 11, and the other end embeds the second abutment sleeve 12, and pointer 14 is nested on cylinder chi 13 slippingly, described vertical align member comprises fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22, fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22 are fixed together, fixed mount 21 is fixed on the rail between the first fastening bolt 3 and the second fastening bolt 4, the datum level 214 of fixed mount 21 contacts with at the bottom of Rail, the back side of marking-off plate 22 contacts with steel rail web, along rail direction, front offers uniform three line holes 221, interval, described three line holes are unified along the horizontal center line in rail direction and are marked on line hole 221, the distance of the datum level 214 of described horizontal center line and fixed mount 21 is the first distance threshold pre-set, described three line holes are parallel to each other along the vertical center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, wherein, the vertical center line in middle line hole is positioned at the center of marking-off plate 22, is the second distance threshold value pre-set with the distance of the vertical center line in line hole, side.
Below the line flow process of the positioning and marking device for rail of the embodiment of the present invention is specifically described.
By cylinder chi 13, calculate the distance between the first abutment sleeve 11 and the second abutment sleeve 12 opposing end surface, pointer 14 is moved to score value position in the distance calculated along cylinder chi 13, fixed pointers 14;
Left and right translation fixed mount 21, makes the left side of pointer 14 align with the zero graduation place on scale bar 23, then by screwing fishbolt 202, fixing fixed mount 21 is on rail;
Rule along horizontal center line level on rail in rail direction by three line holes of mark, obtain steel rail web neutral axis;
Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, what can obtain steel rail web natural axis is measured fastening-down temperature of rail foil gauge used pastes location point;
Rule on rail by the vertical center line in left and right two line holes of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain two location points steel rail web neutral axis departing from adjacent fastener center second distance threshold value respectively, such as, paste location point for two that measure vertical force foil gauge.
In addition, left and right translation fixed mount, makes the left side of pointer align with the y-scale place, left/right side on scale bar, then by screwing fishbolt, fixing fixed mount is on rail; Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, the position of steel rail web natural axis departing from right/left side, adjacent fastener center Y can be obtained.
Below based on Fig. 1, the positioning and marking device embodiment of the present invention being used for rail is specifically described.
See Fig. 2, described longitudinal register component comprises the first abutment sleeve 11, second abutment sleeve 12, cylinder chi 13 and pointer 14, wherein, first abutment sleeve 11 is fixed on the first fastening bolt 3 outside rail, second abutment sleeve 12 is fixed on second fastening bolt 4 in the same outside of rail, cylinder chi 13 one end embeds the first abutment sleeve 11, the other end embeds the second abutment sleeve 12, pointer 14 is nested on cylinder chi 13 on second abutment sleeve 12 slippingly, and with the other end matched in clearance of cylinder chi 13; Vernier 17 is nested on cylinder chi 13, and is fixed together with pointer 14.
First abutment sleeve 11 comprises inner hexagonal hole 111, and inner hexagonal hole position 111 is positioned at the end portion of the first abutment sleeve 11, with the first fastening bolt 3 matched in clearance.
Second abutment sleeve 12 comprises inner hexagonal hole 121, and inner hexagonal hole 121 is positioned at the end portion of the second abutment sleeve 12, with the second fastening bolt 4 matched in clearance.
Further, first abutment sleeve 11 comprises clearance fit hole 112 further, second abutment sleeve 12 comprises clearance fit hole 122 further, and described longitudinal register component comprises further: the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 and vernier 17.Wherein, clearance fit hole 112 is positioned at the upper part of the first abutment sleeve 11, is communicated with inner hexagonal hole 111, with the end portion matched in clearance of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15; Clearance fit hole 122 is positioned at the upper part of the second abutment sleeve 12, and inner hexagonal hole 121 is communicated with, with the end portion matched in clearance of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16; First abutment sleeve revolving part 15 is fixed on the first abutment sleeve 11, and with one end matched in clearance of rule 13; Second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 is fixed on the second abutment sleeve 12, and with the other end matched in clearance of rule 13; Vernier 17 is nested on rule 13, and is fixed together with pointer 14.
First abutment sleeve revolving part 15 comprises: through hole 151 and screwed hole 152.Wherein, through hole 151 is positioned at the upper part of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, with one end matched in clearance of cylinder chi 13; Screwed hole 152 is positioned at the bottom of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, the end portion of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 is put into clearance fit hole 112, the top of inner hexagonal hole 111 put into by pad 106, bolt 107 is through pad 106, and screw in screwed hole 152, the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 and the first abutment sleeve 11 are fixed together.
Second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 comprises: through hole 161 and screwed hole 162.Wherein, through hole 161 is positioned at the upper part of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16, with the other end matched in clearance of cylinder chi 13; Screwed hole 162 is positioned at the bottom of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16, the end portion of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 is put into clearance fit hole 122, the top of inner hexagonal hole 121 put into by pad 106, bolt 107 is through pad 106, and screw in screwed hole 162, the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 and the second abutment sleeve 12 are fixed together.
Vernier 17 comprises: through hole 171 and screwed hole 172.Wherein, through hole 171 and cylinder chi 13 matched in clearance; Pointer 14 and vernier 17, for screwing in bolt 105, are fixed together by screwed hole 172.
Further, the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 is also provided with fastening screw nail 153, is positioned at the top of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, for screwing in trip bolt 101, makes to no longer include slip between the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 and cylinder chi 13.
Further, vernier 17 is also provided with screwed hole 173, for screwing in fishbolt 102, pointer 14 and vernier 17 is fixed on cylinder chi 13, makes pointer 14 and no longer includes slip between vernier 17 and cylinder chi 13.
Preferably, cylinder chi 13 is provided with scale, one end of cylinder chi 13 and the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 matched in clearance is zero graduation place, and the other end is maximum scale place.
Preferably, one end of cylinder chi 13 and the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 matched in clearance is provided with pin-and-hole 131, for insertion opening pin 104, comes off when preventing pointer 14, vernier 17 and the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 from sliding on cylinder chi 13.
Further, described first distance threshold is the distance to rail natural axis at the bottom of Rail.
Further, in embodiments of the present invention, pointer 14 can be made up of stainless steel, split pin 104 is standard component, and the first abutment sleeve 11, second abutment sleeve 12, cylinder chi 13, first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 and vernier 17 can be made up of aluminium or the good resin material of intensity.
See Fig. 3 and Fig. 4, described vertical align member comprises: fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22.Wherein, fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22 are fixed together, and fixed mount 21 is fixed on the rail between the first fastening bolt 3 and the second fastening bolt 4, and the datum level 214 of fixed mount 21 contacts with at the bottom of Rail; The back side of marking-off plate 22 contacts with steel rail web, along rail direction, front offers uniform three line holes 221, interval, described three line holes are unified along the horizontal center line in rail direction and are marked on line hole 221, the distance of the datum level 214 of described horizontal center line and fixed mount 21 is the first distance threshold pre-set, equal with the distance to rail natural axis at the bottom of Rail; Described three line holes are parallel to each other along the vertical center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, wherein, the vertical center line in middle line hole is positioned at the center of marking-off plate 22, is the second distance threshold value pre-set with the distance of the vertical center line in line hole, side.
Fixed mount 21 comprises: screwed hole 211, kidney slot 213 and datum level 214.Wherein, screwed hole 211 is positioned at the top of fixed mount 21, for screwing in fishbolt 202, makes fixed mount 21 be fixed on rail; Kidney slot 213 is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount 21, for placing magnet 203, is adsorbed on rail by magnetic force by fixed mount 21; Datum level 214 is positioned at the upper surface bottom fixed mount 21, contacts with at the bottom of Rail.
Marking-off plate 22 comprises: line hole 221, center scribe structure 222 and two ends centre mark 223.Wherein, line interval, hole 221 is positioned at the left, center, right part of marking-off plate 22 uniformly, line hole 221 is provided with horizontal centre mark 224 and vertical centre mark 225, horizontal centre mark 224 is positioned at line hole 221 along on the horizontal center line of rail placement direction, and vertical centre mark 225 is positioned at line hole 221 along on the vertical center line of rail placement direction; Center scribe structure 222 is positioned at the upper end middle position of marking-off plate 22; Two ends centre mark 223 lays respectively at the left and right two ends middle position of marking templates 22, and line hole 221, center scribe structure 222, two ends centre mark 223, horizontal centre mark 224 and vertical centre mark 225 are for location and line.
Further, the number of fixed mount 21 is 2, and fixed mount 21 comprises anti-rotation non-circular hole 212 further, and described vertical align member comprises further: scale bar 23 and straight-bar 24.Wherein, anti-rotation non-circular hole 212 is positioned at middle part and the bottom of fixed mount 21, respectively with scale bar 23 and straight-bar 24 matched in clearance; Scale bar 23 between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts in the middle part of anti-rotation non-circular hole 212 matched in clearance; Straight-bar 24 between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts bottom anti-rotation non-circular hole 212 matched in clearance.
Preferably, in embodiments of the present invention, scale bar 23 is provided with scale, the middle of scale bar 23 is zero graduation place, all increases near two ends scale.
Further, in embodiments of the present invention, scale bar 23 and the length of straight-bar 24 between two fixed mounts are equal with the distance between two fixed mounts be fixed on marking-off plate 22.
Further, described second distance threshold value is 110mm.
Preferably, in the embodiment of the present invention, the surface bottom fixed mount 21 is also provided with groove 215, is communicated with kidney slot 213, after positioning marking terminates, vertical align member, by groove 215, is prized at the bottom of Rail, so that the dismounting of device by available screwdriver.
Further, in embodiments of the present invention, fixed mount 21 can be made up of No. 45 steel, and marking-off plate 22 can be made up of bakelite plate material, and scale bar 23 and straight-bar 24 can be made up of aluminium or the good resin material of intensity.
See Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, the assembling process that the embodiment of the present invention is used for the positioning and marking device of rail is as follows:
First, scale bar 23 and straight-bar 24 to be penetrated respectively in the middle part of two fixed mounts and bottom anti-rotation non-circular hole 212 in, by tightening nut 201, scale bar 23 and straight-bar 24 are fixed on two fixed supports.
Then, fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22 are fixed together.Such as, by bolt and/or straight pin through the screwed hole on fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22 and/or pin-and-hole, fixed mount 21 and marking-off plate 22 are fixed together.
Then, vertical align member is fixed on the rail between adjacent fastener.Such as, both hands holder can vertical align member, make datum level 214 with contact at the bottom of Rail touch, make the back side of marking-off plate 22 contact with steel rail web simultaneously, then magnet 203 is put into kidney slot 213, finally by trip bolt 202 precession screwed hole 211, the bottom of trip bolt 202 and rail are conflicted.
Subsequently, respectively the first abutment sleeve 11 and the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15, second abutment sleeve 12 and the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 are fixed together.Such as, the bottom part of the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 is put into the clearance fit hole 112 of the first abutment sleeve 11, then bolt 107 is screwed in screwed hole 152 through pad 106; The bottom part of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16 is put into the clearance fit hole 122 of the second abutment sleeve 12, then bolt 107 is screwed in screwed hole 162 through pad 106.
Then, the first abutment sleeve 11, second abutment sleeve 12 is individually fixed on the first fastening bolt 3 and the second fastening bolt 4.Such as, by making inner hexagonal hole 111 and the first fastening bolt 3 matched in clearance, the first abutment sleeve 11 is fixed on the first fastening bolt 3; By making inner hexagonal hole 121 and the second fastening bolt 4 matched in clearance, the second abutment sleeve 12 is fixed on the second fastening bolt 4.
Finally, cylinder chi 13 is fixed between the first abutment sleeve 11 and the second abutment sleeve 12.Such as, first pin-and-hole 131 is inserted in split pin 104, then the zero mark end of cylinder chi 13 is passed through hole 151, then the pointer 14 be fixed together and vernier 17 are packed into cylinder chi 13, subsequently the zero mark end of cylinder chi 13 is penetrated the through hole 161 of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16, the zero graduation of cylinder chi is overlapped with the right side of the second abutment sleeve revolving part 16, tightening nut 103 and trip bolt 101, and the pointed portion of pointer 14 is ridden on scale bar 24.
After completing above-mentioned assembling process, start to position line to rail, paste position for the foil gauge of the measurement vertical force of the upper regulation of the existing professional standard of China railways " wheel track horizontal force, vertical force ground test method " (TB/T 2489-94), line idiographic flow is as follows:
First, read the scale value X of cylinder chi 13 corresponding to the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 left side place, and calculate numerical value corresponding to X/2.
Then, mobile pointer 14 and vernier 17, make the left side of pointer 14 align with the X/2 scale place on cylinder chi 13, screw the trip bolt 102 in screwed hole 173.
Finally, unscrew fishbolt 202, make marking-off plate 22 back side be close to steel rail web, moving vertical, to align member, makes the left side of pointer 14 align with the zero graduation place on scale bar 23, screws fishbolt 202.
Now, the line of two ends centre mark 223 is the Bending moment axis of rail, the horizontal centre in the left/right line hole of marking-off plate 22 marks the position on the corresponding rail of point of intersection of line and vertical centre mark line, for steel rail web natural axis departing from the position of left/right side, center 110mm, what be the upper specifying measurement vertical force foil gauge of the existing professional standard of China railways " wheel track horizontal force, vertical force ground test method " (TB/T2489-94) pastes position.
Preferably, on the rail in the embodiment of the present invention, positioning and marking device can also be located on rail and be departed from natural axis center to the position of set a distance Y, and line idiographic flow is as follows:
First, read scale value X corresponding on the cylinder chi 13 at the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 left side place, and calculate numerical value corresponding to X/2.
Then, mobile pointer 14 and vernier 17, make the left side of pointer 14 align with the X/2 scale place on cylinder chi 13, screw the trip bolt 102 in screwed hole 173.
Finally, unscrew fishbolt 202, make marking-off plate 22 back side be close to steel rail web, moving vertical, to align member, makes the left side of pointer 14 align with the y-scale place, left/right side on scale bar 23, screws fishbolt 202.
Now, the line of two ends centre mark 223 is the Bending moment axis of rail, and in the middle of marking-off plate 22, the horizontal centre mark line in line hole and the point of intersection of vertical centre mark line, be the position of steel rail web natural axis departing from right/left side, center Y.
Further, in the embodiment of the present invention, the first abutment sleeve 11 and the second abutment sleeve 12 are provided with inner hexagonal hole, and therefore the embodiment of the present invention can adapt to the locking nut of different azimuth on fastening bolt for the positioning and marking device of rail; In the embodiment of the present invention, by the slip of cylinder chi 13 in the first abutment sleeve revolving part 15 and/or the length of change cylinder chi 13, the embodiment of the present invention can be made for the positioning and marking device of rail, adapt to the positioning marking demand of different spans rail; In embodiments of the present invention, by changing the shape at marking-off plate 22 back side, the positioning and marking device adaptation straight section rail of the embodiment of the present invention for rail and the positioning marking demand of curved rail can be made.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, not for limiting the scope of the invention.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any amendment done, equivalent replacement and improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. for a positioning and marking device for rail, it is characterized in that, this device comprises: longitudinal register component and vertical align member, wherein,
Described longitudinal register component comprises the first abutment sleeve, the second abutment sleeve, cylinder chi and pointer, wherein, first abutment sleeve is fixed on the first fastening bolt of rail side, second abutment sleeve is fixed on second fastening bolt of rail the same side, cylinder chi one end embeds the first abutment sleeve, the other end embeds the second abutment sleeve, and pointer is nested on cylinder chi slippingly;
Described vertical align member comprises fixed mount and marking-off plate, and wherein, fixed mount and marking-off plate are fixed together, and fixed mount is fixed on the rail between the first fastening bolt and the second fastening bolt, and the datum level of fixed mount contacts with at the bottom of Rail;
The back side of marking-off plate contacts with steel rail web, along rail direction, front offers uniform three line holes, interval, described three line holes are unified along the horizontal center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, and the distance of the datum level of described horizontal center line and fixed mount is the first distance threshold pre-set;
Described three line holes are parallel to each other along the vertical center line of rail placement direction and are marked on line hole, wherein, the vertical center line in middle line hole is positioned at the center of marking-off plate, is the second distance threshold value pre-set with the distance of the vertical center line in line hole, side.
2. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described longitudinal register component comprises further:
First abutment sleeve revolving part, is fixed on the first abutment sleeve, and with one end matched in clearance of cylinder chi;
Second abutment sleeve revolving part, is fixed on the second abutment sleeve, and with the other end matched in clearance of cylinder chi;
Vernier, offers the through hole of accommodating cylinder chi, and is fixed together with pointer.
3. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described fixed mount comprises:
Kidney slot, is positioned at the bottom of fixed mount, for placing magnet, is adsorbed on rail by magnetic force by fixed mount;
Screwed hole, is positioned at the top of fixed mount, makes fixed mount be fixed on fishbolt on rail for screwing in.
4. device according to claim 3, is characterized in that, the number of described fixed mount is 2, and described fixed mount comprises anti-rotation non-circular hole further, and described vertical align member comprises scale bar and straight-bar further, wherein,
Described anti-rotation non-circular hole, is positioned at middle part and the bottom of fixed mount, respectively with scale bar and straight-bar matched in clearance;
Described scale bar, is fixed between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts in the middle part of anti-rotation non-circular hole matched in clearance;
Described straight-bar, is fixed between two fixed mounts, two ends respectively with two fixed mounts bottom anti-rotation non-circular hole matched in clearance.
5. device according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
Described cylinder chi is provided with scale, and one end of cylinder chi and the second abutment sleeve revolving part matched in clearance is zero graduation place, and the other end is maximum scale place;
Described scale bar is provided with scale, and the middle of scale bar is zero graduation place, all increases near two ends scale.
6. device according to claim 2, is characterized in that,
One end of described cylinder chi and the first abutment sleeve revolving part matched in clearance is provided with pin-and-hole, for inserting the split pin preventing pointer, vernier and the first abutment sleeve revolving part from coming off from cylinder chi.
7. device according to claim 2, is characterized in that,
Described first abutment sleeve revolving part is provided with fastening screw nail, is positioned at the top of the first abutment sleeve revolving part, makes the first abutment sleeve revolving part and the relatively-stationary trip bolt of cylinder chi for screwing in;
Described vernier is provided with screwed hole, makes pointer and vernier and the relatively-stationary fishbolt of cylinder chi for screwing in.
8. device according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Described first distance threshold is the distance to rail natural axis at the bottom of Rail;
Described second distance threshold value is 110mm.
9. device according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
Described fixed mount is also provided with the groove dismantled from rail by fixed mount, is positioned at the upper surface bottom fixed mount, is communicated with kidney slot.
10. device according to claim 4, is characterized in that,
Calculate the distance between the first abutment sleeve and the second abutment sleeve opposing end surface by cylinder chi, pointer is moved to score value position in the distance calculated along cylinder chi, fixed pointers;
Left and right translation fixed mount, makes the left side of pointer align with the zero graduation place on scale bar, then by screwing fishbolt, fixing fixed mount is on rail;
Rule along horizontal center line level on rail in rail direction by three line holes of mark, obtain steel rail web neutral axis;
Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain adjacent fastener point midway on steel rail web natural axis;
Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in left and right two line holes of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain two location points steel rail web neutral axis departing from adjacent fastener center second distance threshold value respectively; Or left and right translation fixed mount, makes the left side of pointer align with the y-scale place, left/right side on scale bar, then by screwing fishbolt, fixing fixed mount is on rail; Vertically rule on rail by the vertical center line in line hole in the middle of mark, obtain the intersection point of ruling with level, obtain the position of steel rail web natural axis departing from right/left side, adjacent fastener center Y.
CN201310099535.4A 2013-03-26 2013-03-26 Positioning and line-drawing device for steel rail Expired - Fee Related CN103192362B (en)

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