CN103190548A - Low-fish-meal macrobrachium rosenbergii mixed feed formula and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Low-fish-meal macrobrachium rosenbergii mixed feed formula and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103190548A
CN103190548A CN2013101465410A CN201310146541A CN103190548A CN 103190548 A CN103190548 A CN 103190548A CN 2013101465410 A CN2013101465410 A CN 2013101465410A CN 201310146541 A CN201310146541 A CN 201310146541A CN 103190548 A CN103190548 A CN 103190548A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
macrobrachium rosenbergii
meal
fish meal
prescription
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CN2013101465410A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周歧存
王亚君
陈寿元
朱在春
万厚荣
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江苏富裕达粮食制品股份有限公司
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Priority to CN2013101465410A priority Critical patent/CN103190548A/en
Publication of CN103190548A publication Critical patent/CN103190548A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a low-fish-meal macrobrachium rosenbergii mixed feed formula which comprises the following components in parts by mass: 25 parts of fish meal, 6 parts of shrimp shell powder, 4 parts of cuttlefish paste, 30 parts of bean pulp, 8 parts of peanut meal, 20 parts of wheat powder, 2.8 parts of animal oil, 2.2 parts of monocalcium phosphate, 1 part of zeolite powder and 1 part of premix. With the low-fish-meal macrobrachium rosenbergii mixed feed formula, the difficulty in replacing fish meal by vegetable protein parts during feed production is solved; the production cost is reduced; raw materials are convenient to purchase; and the economical benefit is obvious. In a production process, 0.4 kilogram of methionine is filled into each tonnage of feed, so that the adaptability of macrobrachium rosenbergii is guaranteed; furthermore, by the advanced production technology and advanced equipment, a series of problems of high difficulty in granulation under the action of coarse fibers, low curing effect and the like are solved; the gelatinization degree of a product is improved; and the digestion absorption rate of the macrobrachium rosenbergii is guaranteed.

Description

Low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription and preparation method thereof

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Technical field

The present invention relates generally to fishes and shrimps feed formula and process technology.

Background technology

Compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii has formed the prescription of basically identical in the long-term production use, the ratio of each manufacturer's fish meal all accounts for about 30% in prescription, this prescription can make Macrobrachium rosenbergii digest easily, nutrient balance, thus obtain growth performance and survival rate preferably.But the fish meal use amount is too high in this prescription, in recent years, the price of fish meal rises to 14000 yuan/ton by 9000 yuan/ton, increased considerably the cost of Feed Manufacturing, after particularly consumption increases, because the anxiety of resource, the country of outlet fish meal such as Peru is reducing for our quota, the buying difficulty strengthens, and has restricted Feed Manufacturing, thereby has influenced economic benefit.

Summary of the invention

Goal of the invention: at problem and the defective of above-mentioned existence, the present invention proposes a kind of low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription and preparation method thereof, reduces the ratio of fish meal; Increase the ratio of the high dregs of beans of plant protein content; Improve the palatability of plant protein source; What solve that the crude fibre increase causes is unfavorable for production and processing and digests and assimilates the contradiction of rate variance.

Technical scheme: to achieve the above object of the invention, the present invention by the following technical solutions: a kind of low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription comprises following component according to mass fraction:

25 parts of fish meal;

6 parts of shrimp shell meals;

4 parts of cuttlefish cream;

30 parts of dregs of beans;

8 parts of peanut meals;

20 parts of wheat flours;

2.8 parts of animal fats;

2.2 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates;

1 part of zeolite powder;

1 part of premix.

Described animal fat is the mixture of fish oil and phosphatide oil.

Described premix is the mixture of nutritive additives such as vitamin, trace element and lysine and methionine.

Another purpose of the present invention has provided a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription, may further comprise the steps: a, dregs of beans, peanut meal pulverized after, add fish meal, shrimp shell meal and the wheat flour well of preparing burden by prescription requirements; B, add cuttlefish cream, calcium dihydrogen phosphate and zeolite powder then, and carry out the first time and mix; C, process be mixed material for the first time, carries out ultramicro grinding through micronizer again; D, then adds premix and animal fat, and carries out mixing second time; E, the material after mixing carry out modified through quality controling machine, and are assigned to granulator and granulate, and finally by slaking and refrigerating work procedure later, obtain finished product.

As preferably, described quality controling machine comprises feeder, many quality-adjusting devices and blanking device, the discharging opening series connection of described feeder be connected to many quality-adjusting devices, and be provided with the star-like blanking device of frequency conversion between adjacent two quality-adjusting devices.

Beneficial effect: compared with prior art, the present invention has the following advantages: solved the use difficult problem of vegetable protein part substituted fish meal in the Feed Manufacturing, greatly reduced production cost, the purchasing of raw materials is more convenient, remarkable in economical benefits.In process of production, feed per ton has replenished 0.4 kilogram methionine, guaranteed the palatability of Macrobrachium rosenbergii, simultaneously in conjunction with advanced production technology and equipment, solve crude fibre and increased a series of problems such as the raising of back granulation difficulty, slaking weak effect, improve the product gelatinization degree, guaranteed the digestibility of Macrobrachium rosenbergii.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of quality controling machine of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the technological process of production figure of compound feed prescription of the present invention.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, further illustrate the present invention, should understand these embodiment only is used for explanation the present invention and is not used in and limits the scope of the invention, after having read the present invention, those skilled in the art all fall within the application's claims institute restricted portion to the modification of the various equivalent form of values of the present invention.

As shown in Figure 2, dregs of beans in will filling a prescription, raw materials such as peanut meal send into through receiving system that to be sent to each former feed bin after pulverizer is once pulverized standby, fish meal, shrimp shell meal, it is standby that powder-materials such as wheat flour directly are sent to each former feed bin through the raw material receiving system, the requirement of input prescription in the Central Control Room control system, and hand over electronic scale to prepare burden by prescription requirement transmission information, system will be according to fish meal 25%, shrimp shell meal 6%, dregs of beans 30%, peanut meal 8%, wheat flour 20% automatic blending, add mouthful artificial 4% the cuttlefish cream that adds at small powder simultaneously, 2.2% calcium dihydrogen phosphate and 1.0% zeolite powder, above material is sent into mixer by control system carry out mixed once, mixed material is sent to micronizer and carries out ultramicro grinding.Material after the pulverizing enters the secondary electron feed proportioning system and prepares burden; add mouthful premix of interpolation 1% (containing 0.4 kilogram/ton of 0.3 kilogram/ton of additional lysine and methionine) in premix simultaneously; fish oil and phosphatide oil in liquid interpolation place interpolation 2.8%; enter mixer then and carry out the secondary mixing; the material that mixes through frequency conversion feeding auger enter the design of my company patent equipment--the combined type quality controling machine carries out modified; guarantee that the modified time is more than 7 minutes; fully modified material is distributed to granulator through star-like blanking device granulates; pass through post curing then; operations such as cooling enter finished bin, and certified products are packed.

As shown in Figure 1; quality controling machine of the present invention; comprise 1 frequency conversion auger feeder 1; 1 twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2; two star-like blanking devices 4 of frequency conversion; two jacket type quality-adjusting devices 3; the entrance Bolt Connection of the discharging opening of described frequency conversion auger feeder 1 and twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2; and the entrance of the outlet of twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2 and a star-like blanking device 4 of frequency conversion Bolt Connection; star-like blanking device 4 outlets and jacket type quality-adjusting device 3 entrance Bolt Connection of frequency control; the star-like blanking device 4 entrance Bolt Connection of the outlet of jacket type quality-adjusting device 3 and described another frequency conversion; 4 outlets of the star-like blanking device of this frequency conversion again with described another jacket type quality-adjusting device 3 entrance Bolt Connection, the outlet of this jacket type quality-adjusting device 3 links to each other with the granulator entrance.Described feeder adopts frequency conversion auger feeder.Thereby can adjust the load of blanking device control quality-adjusting device by frequency conversion, make its coefficient of fullness remain on higher setting value; At first be electromechanical integration control, can guarantee that the quality-adjusting device coefficient of fullness rises to more than 40% by 15%, improve granulation output; Secondly, the modified time extended to more than 8 minutes by original 2 minutes, because prolonged the modified time, the gelatinization degree of starch obviously improves, and the pulverization rate of feed reduces, and has reduced feed crackle, fragmentation.

When needs start quality controling machine work, connect power supply, feeder 1 normal feeding, the speed of adjusting the star-like blanking device 4 of frequency conversion that is connected with twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2 is adjusted the load of twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2, makes its coefficient of fullness keep higher setting value.Electric current and permissible variation value when setting quality-adjusting device coefficient of fullness optimum state, by detecting the electric current of twin shaft differential quality-adjusting device 2, when modified electric current was lower than the setting minimum current value, the frequency converter output low frequency rate of the star-like blanking device 4 of frequency conversion began slow discharging; When modified electric current was higher than the setting current maxima, the frequency converter output high-frequency of the star-like blanking device 4 of frequency conversion began fast discharging, automatic adjustment in the production process, keep product to satisfy quality requirement through the time of quality controling machine, strengthened coefficient of fullness simultaneously, output significantly improves.Current maxima adds the n ampere-hour if modified electric current surpasses setting, and failure system starts sound and light alarm, and feeder 1 stops feeding automatically simultaneously.When needs stopped feeding, manual ringing stopped current detecting, and the star-like blanking device 4 of frequency conversion is the normal discharge velocity emptying quality-adjusting device of memory automatically.

Invention characteristics of the present invention: reduce the ratio of fish meal, increase the ratio of the high dregs of beans of plant protein content; In order to guarantee the amino acid levels balance of mixed feed, in additive, quantitatively replenish crystal amino acid, namely feed per ton replenishes 0.3 kilogram of lysine and 0.4 kilogram of methionine; After increasing the dregs of beans consumption, the crude fibre of prescription has increased by 0.2%, in order to satisfy the stability of crudy, the patent equipment quality controling machine that we have used company to produce carries out modified to product, prolonged the modified time, improved the product gelatinization degree, the slaking effect is obvious, thereby prolonged the resistance to water of feed, improved the digestibility of Macrobrachium rosenbergii.

Claims (5)

1. one kind low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii is filled a prescription, and comprises following component according to mass fraction:
25 parts of fish meal;
6 parts of shrimp shell meals;
4 parts of cuttlefish cream;
30 parts of dregs of beans;
8 parts of peanut meals;
20 parts of wheat flours;
2.8 parts of animal fats;
2.2 parts of calcium dihydrogen phosphates;
1 part of zeolite powder;
1 part of premix.
2. according to the described low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described animal fat is the mixture of fish oil and phosphatide oil.
3. according to the described low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described premix is the mixture of nutritive additive such as vitamin, trace element and lysine and methionine.
4. the preparation method of the described low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription of a claim 1 may further comprise the steps:
A, dregs of beans, peanut meal pulverized after, be transported to feed bin separately, fish meal, shrimp shell meal and wheat flour also are input to feed bin separately; Require automatic weighing to prepare burden according to prescription;
B, add cuttlefish cream, calcium dihydrogen phosphate and zeolite powder then, and carry out the first time and mix;
C, process be mixed material for the first time, carries out ultramicro grinding through micronizer again;
D, then adds premix and animal fat, and carries out mixing second time;
E, the material after mixing carry out modified through quality controling machine, and are assigned to granulator and granulate, and finally by slaking and refrigerating work procedure later, obtain finished product.
5. according to the preparation method of the described low fish meal compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii prescription of claim 4, it is characterized in that: described quality controling machine comprises feeder, many quality-adjusting devices and blanking device, the series connection of the discharging opening of described feeder be connected to many quality-adjusting devices, and be provided with the star-like blanking device of frequency conversion between adjacent two quality-adjusting devices.
CN2013101465410A 2013-04-24 2013-04-24 Low-fish-meal macrobrachium rosenbergii mixed feed formula and preparation method thereof CN103190548A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103652405A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-03-26 安徽省智汇电气技术有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii feed comprising traditional Chinese medicine components
CN104905069A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for improving the of Macrobrachium rosenbergii and a production method of feed
CN105076744A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-11-25 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Granulated feed for macrobrachium rosenbergii and processing method of granulated feed
CN105076745A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-11-25 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii disease preventing Chinese herbal medicine feed and processing method thereof

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CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN102648737A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-08-29 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii fish-meal-free compound feed
CN102783576A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-21 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Giant freshwater prawn shrimp seed period compound feed and preparation method thereof
CN202680435U (en) * 2012-07-19 2013-01-23 江苏富裕达粮食制品股份有限公司 Combined feed conditioning machine

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CN101589770A (en) * 2009-06-15 2009-12-02 江苏海辰科技集团 A kind of compound feed for Macrobrachium rosenbergii
CN102217741A (en) * 2011-08-02 2011-10-19 广东省农业科学院畜牧研究所 Low-protein low-fish meal feed for Litopenaeus vannamei
CN102648737A (en) * 2012-05-25 2012-08-29 珠海容川饲料有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii fish-meal-free compound feed
CN202680435U (en) * 2012-07-19 2013-01-23 江苏富裕达粮食制品股份有限公司 Combined feed conditioning machine
CN102783576A (en) * 2012-08-06 2012-11-21 广东恒兴饲料实业股份有限公司 Giant freshwater prawn shrimp seed period compound feed and preparation method thereof

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103652405A (en) * 2013-11-07 2014-03-26 安徽省智汇电气技术有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii feed comprising traditional Chinese medicine components
CN104905069A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-09-16 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Feed for improving the of Macrobrachium rosenbergii and a production method of feed
CN105076744A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-11-25 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Granulated feed for macrobrachium rosenbergii and processing method of granulated feed
CN105076745A (en) * 2015-07-02 2015-11-25 四川国凤中科生物科技有限公司 Macrobrachium rosenbergii disease preventing Chinese herbal medicine feed and processing method thereof

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