CN103181350B - Device for protecting marine benthos - Google Patents

Device for protecting marine benthos Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103181350B
CN103181350B CN 201210537443 CN201210537443A CN103181350B CN 103181350 B CN103181350 B CN 103181350B CN 201210537443 CN201210537443 CN 201210537443 CN 201210537443 A CN201210537443 A CN 201210537443A CN 103181350 B CN103181350 B CN 103181350B
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bottle
provided
large
unit
protection device
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CN 201210537443
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103181350A (en )
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应业炬
庞君
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浙江海洋学院
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, i.e. culture of aquatic animals

Abstract

本发明公开了一种海底生物保护装置,包括若干方形的框体单元,所述的框体单元在竖直方向上排列且边长从上到下依次增大,所述的框体单元通过支柱固定连接形成支架,所述的框体单元上设有交错分布的若干大塑料瓶,所述大塑料瓶的底部设有开口,所述的框体单元上设有可与大塑料瓶的瓶口相卡接的卡孔。 The present invention discloses a marine life protection device, comprising a plurality of rectangular frame unit, said frame unit are arranged in a vertical direction from top to bottom and the edge length is increased, the unit frame by struts fixed connection bracket is formed with a plurality of staggered distribution of large plastic bottles on said frame unit, an opening can be provided with a large plastic bottle on the bottle housing unit is provided with a bottom of the large plastic bottle hole card with card access. 本发明旨在提供一种采用回收饮料瓶制造、成本低廉的海底生物保护装置。 The present invention aims to provide a low cost marine life protection device manufactured using recycled beverage bottles.

Description

海底生物保护装置 Marine life protection

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明属于海洋生物开发领域,尤其是涉及一种适合海洋生物生存的栖息场所。 [0001] The present invention belongs to the field of marine organisms to develop, in particular, to a habitat for marine life to survive. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 近几十年来,近海捕捞飞速发展,由于捕捞能力成倍增长,过度捕捞而没有受到限制,加上破坏性的非法捕捞等原因,破坏了沿岸近海的生态平衡,已造成近海渔业资源的严重衰退。 [0002] In recent decades, the rapid development of offshore fishing, due to the exponential growth of fishing capacity, overfishing is not limited, plus destructive illegal fishing and other reasons, destruction of the ecological balance of coastal waters along the coast, has resulted in offshore fishery resources the severe recession. 为了维持渔业的可持续发展,需要采用人工方式对近海生态环境进行修复,其中,在近海渔场和渔业资源区投放人工鱼礁是一种比较效果较为良好的办法,人工鱼礁可以营造出一个海洋生物的栖息环境,为海洋生物提供繁殖、生长、觅食和避敌的场所,达到保护、增殖和提高渔获量的目的。 In order to maintain sustainable development of fisheries, we need to manually repair the coastal environment, where artificial reefs in coastal fisheries and fishery resources area is a good way to compare the effect is more artificial reefs can create a marine biological habitat, provide for the reproduction of marine organisms, growth, foraging and a place to avoid the enemy, to protect, enhance proliferation and purpose catches.

[0003] 现有的人工鱼礁,主要采用混凝土浇注或者钢架结构,如中国专利授权公告号:CN201883597U,授权公告日2011年6月29日,公开的一种鱼礁式多孔混凝土预制块,所述预制块由上、下两部分构成,所述预制块的上部的外形轮廓为长方体结构,长方体的一对侧面上分别设置有能与另一预制块相互嵌套的键和凹槽,长方体的纵向上设置有上下贯通的孔洞;所述预制块的下部为4根支撑体,分别设置在长方体下表面的四个角处。 [0003] Existing artificial reefs, mainly steel or cast concrete structures, such as Chinese Patent Publication No. Authorization: CN201883597U, authorized announcement June 29, 2011, discloses a reef type cellular precast concrete blocks, the said preform by the upper and lower two parts, the upper contour of the prefabricated block rectangular parallelepiped configuration, there can be provided with another nested preform and groove on a pair of rectangular side surfaces, respectively, of a rectangular parallelepiped It is provided with a longitudinal direction vertically penetrating holes; a lower portion of the preform of the support member 4, are disposed at the four corners of the lower surface of the rectangular parallelepiped. 又如中国专利授权公告号102599082A,公开的一种方形组合人工鱼礁,它包括方形组合人工鱼礁本体,其特征在于所述方形组合人工鱼礁本体由底部单元、中间柳条单元、中间单元及顶部单元所构成,所述底部单元、中间柳条单元、中间单元及顶部单元通过叠加并焊接连接而形成方形组合人工鱼礁。 Another example is the Chinese patents Publication No. 102599082A, discloses a combination of artificial reefs square, comprising a combination of artificial reefs square body, wherein said body is made of square base unit composition ARs, wicker intermediate unit, an intermediate unit, and the top unit constituting the bottom cell, wicker intermediate unit, the intermediate unit and the top unit by superimposing square and a welded connection is formed in combination of artificial reefs. 但是,无论是采用混凝土浇筑还是钢架结构,单个预制块的成本已经很高,而要形成一定规模的鱼礁需要大量的预制块,其成本投入自然非常巨大。 However, whether it is the use of pouring concrete or steel structure, the cost of individual prefabricated blocks already high, and to a certain scale of reef fish requires a lot of prefabricated blocks, which naturally cost of inputs is huge.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明是为了克服现有技术中的鱼礁制造成本较高的不足,提供了一种采用回收塑料瓶制造、成本低廉的海底生物保护装置。 [0004] The present invention is to overcome the prior art high manufacturing cost reef insufficient, a marine life protection device for use of recycled plastic bottle manufacturing and low cost.

[0005] 为了实现上述目的,本发明采用以下技术方案: [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention employs the following technical solution:

[0006] 本发明的海底生物保护装置,包括若干方形的框体单元,所述的框体单元在竖直方向上排列且边长从上到下依次增大,所述的框体单元通过支柱固定连接形成支架,所述的框体单元上设有交错分布的若干大塑料瓶,所述大塑料瓶的底部设有开口,所述的框体单元上设有可与大塑料瓶的瓶口相卡接的卡孔。 [0006] benthic protection device according to the invention, comprising a plurality of rectangular frame unit, said frame unit are arranged in a vertical direction from top to bottom and the edge length is increased, the unit frame by struts fixed connection bracket is formed with a plurality of staggered distribution of large plastic bottles on said frame unit, an opening can be provided with a large plastic bottle on the bottle housing unit is provided with a bottom of the large plastic bottle hole card with card access. 本发明中采用回收的废旧塑料瓶加工而成,由于日常生活中产生的废旧塑料瓶数量巨大,完全可以满足生产本发明的需求。 The present invention is employed in recycling of used plastic bottles processing, due to the large amount of waste plastic bottles generated in daily life, fully meet the production requirements of the present invention. 塑料瓶回收的价格也较为便宜,因此可以极大地节约生产成本,同时制造过程也较为方便快捷。 Plastic bottle recycling price is relatively cheap, so can greatly reduce production costs, while the manufacturing process is also more convenient. 此外,现有技术中采用混凝土浇筑的鱼礁,孔洞较少,空间利用率不高,如果要增加孔洞数量,则浇筑施工难度和成本均会大幅提高;采用钢架结构的鱼礁,在空间上无法形成真正意义上的孔洞结构,对海底生物无法起到较好保护,聚集海底生物的效果不佳,而且钢架结构的鱼礁也更容易因海水腐蚀而导致结构崩溃,功能性大大丧失。 In addition, the prior art used in pouring concrete reef fish, small holes, space utilization is not high, if you want to increase the number of holes, the difficulty and cost of placing construction will substantially increase; reef fish using steel frame structure in space poor results can not be formed on the porous structure in the true sense, for the protection of marine life can not play better, gathered marine life and reef fish steel structure is also more vulnerable to seawater corrosion caused by structural collapse, loss of functionality greatly . 而本发明中的大塑料瓶,不易被海水腐蚀,因此有较长的寿命。 In the present invention, a large plastic bottle, easy to seawater corrosion, thus longer life. 大塑料瓶的底部开口,通过大塑料瓶的排列形成含有孔洞和间隙的空间结构,多层的框体单元使得结构进一步复杂化,在海底生物可以钻入到大塑料瓶以及大塑料瓶之间形成的间隙或者框体单元形成的支架内部,因此可供利用的空间得到大幅增加,在聚集更多数量的海底生物的同时,能对其起到较好的保护作用。 Large plastic bottle bottom opening, a space structure containing voids and gaps by arranging a large plastic bottles, the multilayer structure such that the frame unit further complicated in the organism can be drilled into the seabed between the large plastic bottles and plastic bottles large inner bracket or housing clearance formed unit is formed, and therefore it can be utilized to obtain a substantial increase of space, in a greater number of aggregates, while marine life, can play a better its protective effect.

[0007] 作为优选,所述的大塑料瓶的瓶底开口处设有若干向外翻折的附着须,所述的附着须和大塑料瓶为一体结构。 [0007] Advantageously, said large bottom opening of a plastic bottle is provided with a plurality of outwardly folded to be attached, and the attachment must be large plastic bottles integral structure. 大塑料瓶的瓶底开口处设置附着须,附着须向外翻折后,提高浮游生物的接触机会,同时附着须之间的缝隙也为浮游生物提供了可以依附的空间,为鱼类提供一定的食物来源,形成小型的生态链,有利于提升鱼群数量。 Large plastic bottles to be attached to the bottom opening is provided, the adhesion to be folded outwardly to increase the contact opportunity plankton, while the gap between the attachment shall also provide space for the plankton can be attached, in order to provide a fish food sources, the formation of small ecological chain, is conducive to enhancing fish populations.

[0008] 作为优选,所述的大塑料瓶的瓶身上设有若干通水孔。 [0008] Advantageously, the large plastic bottle, the body has a plurality of water-passing holes. 通水孔一方面可以便于塑料瓶内外的水体进行交换,同时也便于小型鱼类或者幼鱼等更快的进入到瓶体内以躲避天敌攻击。 Water-passing holes aspect may facilitate water exchange inside and outside the plastic bottle, but also for small juvenile fishes or the like into the bottle body faster to avoid predators attack.

[0009] 作为优选,所述支架的内侧设有底部开口、瓶口封闭海藻培育瓶,所述的海藻培育瓶中设有若干层通过铁片分隔的腔室,所述的腔室内含有海藻培养基和海藻孢子。 [0009] Advantageously, the inside of the bottom bracket is provided with an opening, closed bottle seaweed cultivation bottle, the bottle is provided with a plurality of seaweed cultivation chamber separated by layers of iron sheet, said chamber containing a seaweed cultivation base and algae spores. 将本发明投入到海底时,海水可以进入到海藻培育瓶中靠近瓶底的腔室中,腔室内的海藻孢子大部分会释放出来,在周围的海底生长,而那些残留在腔室内的海藻孢子会利用海藻培养基中的养分生长,并伸出到瓶外,为鱼类提供食物来源。 When the present invention into the seafloor, seawater can enter the chamber close to the bottom of the bottle seaweed cultivation, most of the chamber algae spores will be released, the growth in the seabed around, and those remaining in the chamber algae spores We will use the nutrient algal growth medium, and extend to the outer bottle, to provide a food source for fish. 由于铁片将各个腔室分离,并且能够阻隔海水,而当铁片接触到海水时,会被海水慢慢腐蚀,经过一段时间后,将铁片腐蚀穿孔,海水可以进入到下一个腔室内,这样每过一段时间就可以有海藻孢子释放出来,海藻生长为鱼类提供更多食物的同时,可以对周边海底的生态进行长期的改善,有利于营造一个适合鱼群生存的栖息地。 Since the iron pieces separated from each chamber, and is capable of blocking water, and when the iron when exposed to water, water is slowly corrosion, after some time, the iron corrosion perforation, water can enter into the next chamber, so every once in a while you can have algae spores released from algae grown to provide more food for the fish at the same time, can improve the long-term ecological surrounding seabed, will help create a suitable habitat for fish survival.

[0010] 作为优选,所述的铁片中心处的厚度为0.15至0.4_,所述铁片中心处的厚度小于边缘处的厚度。 [0010] Preferably, the thickness at the center of the iron piece to 0.4_ is 0.15, the thickness at the center is less than the thickness of the iron sheet at the edge. 铁片根据使用的材质中碳和其它合金的含量略有不同,因此腐蚀量会有所差异,如采用Ni20Cr8铸铁材料制成的铁片其一年的腐蚀量约为0.1mm,而腐蚀量较大的CrCu球墨铸铁一年腐蚀可达0.7_,考虑到较为常用的材料如HT200铸铁其一年的腐蚀量为0.25mm,因此将铁片中心厚度控制在0.15至0.4mm,这样,铁片的中心部分较薄,会先被海水腐蚀穿孔,而且每过一年就会有新的海藻孢子被释放出来。 The iron content of the material used in the carbon and other alloys are slightly different, so the amount of corrosion will be different, such as the use of the iron sheet made of a cast iron material which Ni20Cr8 year corrosion is about 0.1mm, while the amount of corrosion than CrCu large ductile iron corrosion up 0.7_ year, taking into account the more commonly used materials such as cast iron HT200 year corrosion amount is 0.25mm, so the center of the sheet thickness control in the iron 0.15 to 0.4mm, so that, the iron the central portion of the thin, will first be sea water corrosion perforation, and with each passing year there will be new algae spores are released. 铁片边缘较厚,能提供较高的强度,提高铁片的密封能力,同时便于对铁片进行安装。 Iron edge of thick, can provide high strength and improve the sealing ability of the iron, while facilitating the installation of the iron piece.

[0011] 作为优选,所述的海藻培育瓶底部开口处设有铁制的网格状阻隔层。 [0011] Advantageously, the mesh-like seaweed cultivation bottle bottom opening is provided with a barrier layer made of iron. 网格状的阻隔层可以防止鱼类直接进入到培育瓶中吃掉海藻培养基和海藻孢子,保证海藻能顺利生长。 A grid-shaped barrier layer can be prevented from entering directly into the fish eat the algae culture flasks Cultivation and algae spores, algae ensure smooth growth. 铁制的阻隔层会慢慢被海水腐蚀,当阻隔层被海水腐蚀断裂穿孔后,瓶内的海藻孢子也已全部释放。 Iron barrier layer will slowly corrode the sea, when the barrier layer is perforated seawater corrosion cracking, bottle of algae spores have been released. 此时周围海底的环境已经得到较大的改善,海藻培育瓶变为新的生存空间,进一步提高鱼群和其它生物的数量。 At this point the seabed surrounding environment has been greatly improved, seaweed cultivation bottle into a new living space, further increasing the number of fish and other organisms.

[0012] 作为优选,所述框体单元内侧的大塑料瓶内设有小塑料瓶,所述的小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶之间填充有微溶性的鱼饵。 [0012] Advantageously, a large plastic bottle unit inside the housing is provided with small plastic bottles, the plastic bottle is filled between the small and large plastic bottles with a sparingly soluble bait. 直径较小的小塑料瓶位于大塑料瓶内侧,可供鱼类进行产卵,也可供幼鱼进入其中进行躲避,提高了对鱼卵和幼鱼的保护。 Smaller diameter small plastic bottle is located inside a large plastic bottle, for fish spawning, but also for young fish to escape into it were to improve the protection of fish eggs and juveniles. 小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶之间鱼饵可以在投放初期尽快聚集海洋生物前来栖息,并可以在初期为海洋生物提供一定的食物来源,一段时间后鱼饵会逐渐溶化,增加了新的空间。 Bait can gather between large and small plastic bottles plastic bottles in the early running as soon as habitat for marine life to come, and may provide a source of food for marine life in the early days, after a period of time the bait will gradually melt, adding new space.

[0013] 作为优选,所述的大塑料瓶的表面设有贝壳碎片。 [0013] Advantageously, the surface of a large plastic bottle with shell fragments. 表面覆有贝壳碎片后,增大了与海水接触面,为浮游生物提供了较好的附着环境,海底生物的觅食也变得更为方便。 After the surface covered with shell fragments, increasing the contact surface with water, to provide a better environment for adhesion plankton, benthos feeding also facilitated.

[0014]因此,本发明具有如下有益效果:(1)采用回收的塑料瓶制造,成本较低,制作较为方便;(2)形成复杂的结构,为更多的海洋生物生存提供空间,聚鱼效果较好;(3)在投入使用后,能连续多年释放海藻孢子,增加生产者数量,保证食物供给;(4)瓶体不易被海水腐蚀,使用寿命较高。 [0014] Accordingly, the present invention has the following advantages: (1) use of recycled plastic bottles manufacturing, low cost, more convenient production; (2) to form complex structures, to provide more space living marine organisms, fish poly better; (3) is put into use, algae can release spores for many years, increasing the number of producers to ensure food supply; (4) the water bottle less susceptible to corrosion, the higher life.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0015] 图1是本发明的一种结构示意图; [0015] FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a structure of the present invention;

[0016] 图2是本发明的内部结构示意图; [0016] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an internal structure of the present invention;

[0017] 图3是本发明的海藻培育瓶的剖面图。 [0017] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of the algae cultivation bottle according to the invention.

[0018] 图中,框体单元1,大塑料瓶2,通水孔2a,海藻培育瓶3,铁片31,阻隔层32,腔室33,附着须4,小塑料瓶5,鱼饵6。 [0018] FIG., The frame unit 1, a large plastic bottle 2, water holes 2a, seaweed cultivation bottles 3, the iron sheet 31, barrier layer 32, the chamber 33, is attached to be 4, small plastic bottles 5 and bait 6.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0019] 下面结合附图和具体实施方式对本发明做进一步的描述。 [0019] The present invention will be further described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0020] 如图1所示的实施例中,海底生物保护装置,包括若干方形的框体单元1,框体单元在竖直方向上排列,边长从上到下依次增大,并通过支柱11固定连接形成支架。 [0020] The embodiment illustrated in Figure 1, marine life protection device, comprising a plurality of rectangular frame unit 1, a block unit are arranged in a vertical direction, the side length increases from top to bottom, and by struts 11 is fixedly connected to form the stent. 在框体单元的外侧设有大塑料瓶2,大塑料瓶交错分布,其底部有开口,便于鱼类进入到瓶内躲藏。 In plastic bottles provided with a large outer frame unit 2, a large plastic bottle staggered distribution, which has a bottom opening, into the bottle to facilitate fish hide. 大塑料瓶的瓶口与框体单元上的的卡孔卡接。 Locking hole on the card unit housing a large bottle and plastic bottle contact. 大塑料瓶的瓶身上设有均匀分布的通水孔2a,以便于瓶体内外的水体交换,也方便幼鱼钻入。 Large plastic bottle, the body is provided with water-passing holes 2a distributed uniformly so as to exchange the water in the bottle outside the body, but also easy to drill juveniles. 在大塑料瓶的表面设有贝壳碎片,从而使得浮游生物更易附着。 With shell fragments on the surface of a large plastic bottle, so that the plankton easier attachment. 框体单元外侧的部分大塑料瓶,其瓶底开口处形成若干向外翻折的附着须4,提高与浮游生物的接触机会。 Large portions of the outer plastic bottle housing unit, which form a plurality of bottom opening to be outwardly folded attachment 4, to improve the chance of contact with the plankton. 靠近支架底部的大塑料瓶,呈水平放置,可与海底接触,因此可以聚集蟹类、贝类等生物,丰富生物数量,以形成较为完整的生态链。 Near the bottom of a large plastic bottle holder, placed in horizontal, may be in contact with the seabed, it can be gathered crab, shellfish and other organisms, biological abundance, to form a more complete ecosystem.

[0021] 如图2所示,位于框体单元内侧的大塑料瓶,其内部设有直径较小塑料瓶5,可供鱼类进行产卵,鱼卵在其中孵化较为安全,同时为幼鱼提供了较为安全的庇护所。 [0021] 2, a large plastic bottle unit is located inside the housing, which is provided with a small diameter inside the PET bottles 5, for spawning of fish, in which the eggs hatch safer, as well as juveniles It provides a safer haven. 小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶之间填充有微溶性的鱼饵6,可以吸引海底生物聚集。 Between the small plastic bottle filled with large plastic bottles and sparingly soluble bait 6, aggregation can attract marine life. 支架的内侧设有海藻培育瓶3,海藻培育瓶的位置靠近支架底部,其结构如图3所示,瓶中设有若干层通过铁片31分隔的腔室33,每个腔室内均含有海藻培养基和海藻孢子。 Seaweed cultivation provided inside the bottle holder 3, the position near the bottom of seaweed cultivation bottle holder, the structure as shown in FIG flask provided with a plurality of chambers separated by a layer of iron pieces 31,333, each chamber containing seaweed was medium and algae spores. 铁片边缘的厚度较大,而中心处的厚度较小,且中心处的厚度控制在0.15至0.4mm内,使得铁片被海水腐蚀一年后中心处能产生穿孔。 Thickness of the iron sheet edge is large, the thickness at the center is small, and the thickness at the center is controlled within 0.15 to 0.4mm, so that after one year the iron sheet is perforated at the center produces seawater corrosion. 海藻培育瓶底部开口处设有网格状的阻隔层32,用于阻挡鱼类进入到海藻培育瓶中吞食海藻培养基。 Seaweed cultivation bottle bottom opening is provided with a grid-shaped barrier layer 32, for blocking the fish into the flask seaweed cultivation medium alginic swallowed. 阻隔层也采用铁制,可以被海水慢慢腐蚀。 Barrier layer also used iron, seawater corrosion can be slowly.

[0022] 在投入到海底后,位于框体单元内侧的大塑料瓶和小塑料瓶之间的鱼饵,会吸引海底生物快速聚集。 [0022] After into the sea, the bait between the large and small plastic bottles plastic bottle is positioned inside the housing unit, will attract marine life rapid aggregation. 通过大塑料瓶本身的孔洞以及瓶体之间的空隙产生交错复杂的结构,为生物的生存提供了空间,大型的鱼类很难进入到支架内部,小型的海洋生物躲避较为容易。 Through the gap between the large bore plastic bottle and the bottle itself create the staggering complex structures, provide space for living organisms, a large fish into the interior of the stent is difficult, small marine organisms to escape more easily. 同时海水会与海藻培育瓶接触,最靠近瓶底开口的腔室内,海藻孢子散发出来,在附近的海底生长,而残留在腔室内的海藻孢子则利用海藻培养基中提供的养分进行培育,生长并穿过阻隔层的网格伸出到瓶体外部。 At the same time water comes into contact with the algae cultivation bottle, the bottom opening is nearest to the chamber, comes out algae spores grown in the vicinity of the seabed, while remaining in the chamber algae seaweed spores of nutrient medium is provided by the cultivation growth and through the mesh of the barrier layer protrude outside the bottle. 生长出来的海藻为鱼类提供了主要的食物来源。 Algae grow out provided the main source of food for fish. 位于框体单元外侧的部分塑料瓶上设置有附着须,浮游生物附着在附着须上,可以作为另一个食物来源。 There shall be provided located outside the frame attachment portion of the cells on plastic bottles, plankton to be attached to the attachment, as another food source. 位于大塑料瓶内部的小塑料瓶,由于有外部的框体单元和大塑料瓶的遮挡,较为安全,而且内部水流也较为平缓,因此可作为产卵场所,大型鱼类无法进入到内部,对幼鱼的保护较好。 Located in a small plastic bottle inside a large plastic bottle, due to occlusion of the external housing unit and large plastic bottles, more secure, but also the internal flow is more gentle, so as oviposition sites, large fish can not enter into the interior of better protect juveniles. 刚孵化出来的幼鱼可以直接从大塑料瓶和小塑料瓶之间的鱼饵处得到食物,稍稍长大后可以到海藻处或者附着须觅食。 Just hatched juveniles can get food directly from the bait between the large and small plastic bottles plastic bottles, after a little seaweed grow up to be at or attachment shall be for food. 海藻培育瓶中,铁片中心处经过海水一年的腐蚀后穿孔,下一个腔室内的海藻孢子释放出来,继续进一步改善海底环境。 Seaweed cultivation bottles, iron at the center after a year of seawater corrosion perforation, the next chamber algae spores released, continue to further improve the undersea environment. 由于海藻培育瓶位于底层,当铁制的阻隔层也被海水腐蚀破坏之后,产生了新的空间,可以吸引其他生物进入居住, 从而进一步扩大生物数量。 Because seaweed cultivation bottle on the ground floor, when the iron barrier layer is also corrosion damage the sea, resulting in a new space, attract other creatures to enter the residence, thus further expanding the number of creatures.

Claims (6)

  1. 1.海底生物保护装置,其特征是,包括若干方形的框体单元(1),所述的框体单元(I)在竖直方向上排列且边长从上到下依次增大,所述的框体单元(I)通过支柱(11)固定连接形成支架,所述的框体单元(I)上设有交错分布的若干大塑料瓶(2),所述大塑料瓶(2)的底部设有开口,所述的框体单元(I)上设有可与大塑料瓶(2)的瓶口相卡接的卡孔,所述的大塑料瓶的瓶底开口处设有若干向外翻折的附着须(4),所述的附着须(4)和大塑料瓶为一体结构,所述支架的内侧设有底部开口、瓶口封闭海藻培育瓶(3),所述的海藻培育瓶(3)中设有若干层通过铁片(31)分隔的腔室(33),所述的腔室(33)内含有海藻培养基和海藻孢子。 1. marine life protection device, characterized in that the housing includes a plurality of rectangular unit (1), said housing unit (I) arranged in the vertical direction from top to bottom and the edge length is increased, the a frame unit (I) is formed by a strut bracket (11) fixedly connected to said frame unit (I) has a plurality of large plastic bottles (2) on a staggered distribution, the large plastic bottle bottom (2) is provided with an opening, said housing unit may be provided with engaging holes and the large plastic bottles (2) with a snap-on finish (the I), said large bottom opening of a plastic bottle is provided with a plurality of outwardly shall folded attachment (4), to be attached to (4) and a large plastic bottles as an integral structure, the inner side of the bracket is provided with an open bottom, a closed bottle seaweed cultivation bottles (3), wherein said seaweed cultivation bottle provided with a plurality of layers (31) separated by a chamber (33) through the iron piece (3), said chamber (33) medium containing algae and seaweed endospores.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的海底生物保护装置,其特征是,所述的大塑料瓶(2)的瓶身上设有若干通水孔(2a)。 2. marine life protection device according to claim 1, characterized in that, a large plastic bottle (2) of the bottle body is provided with a plurality of water-passing holes (2a).
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的海底生物保护装置,其特征是,所述的铁片(31)中心处的厚度为0.15至0.4_,所述铁片(31)中心处的厚度小于边缘处的厚度。 3. marine life protection device according to claim 1, characterized in that the thickness (31) at the center of the sheet is 0.15 to 0.4_ iron, the iron piece (31) is less than the thickness at the center of the edges thickness of.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或3所述的海底生物保护装置,其特征是,所述的海藻培育瓶(3)底部开口处设有铁制的网格状阻隔层(32)。 The marine life protection device according to claim 13, wherein said seaweed cultivation bottles (3) of the bottom opening is provided with a grid-like iron barrier layer (32).
  5. 5.根据权利要求1或3所述的海底生物保护装置,其特征是,所述框体单元内侧的大塑料瓶内设有小塑料瓶(5 ),所述的小塑料瓶和大塑料瓶之间填充有微溶性的鱼饵(6 )。 The marine life protection device of claim 13, characterized in that a large plastic bottle unit inside the housing is provided with a small plastic bottle (5), the small plastic bottles and plastic bottles as claimed in claim large sparingly soluble in between filled with bait (6).
  6. 6.根据权利要求1或3所述的海底生物保护装置,其特征是,所述的大塑料瓶的表面设有贝壳碎片。 6. The marine life protection device according to claim 13, wherein said surface of a large plastic bottle with shell fragments.
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CN201640195U (en) 2010-04-07 2010-11-24 湖北省水产科学研究所 Fish and shrimp culture artificial nest
RU2446682C2 (en) 2010-06-11 2012-04-10 Сергей Александрович Самарин Artificial bank reef for breeding aquatic organisms
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