CN103180226A - Transporting apparatus for electrochemical energy-storage means - Google Patents

Transporting apparatus for electrochemical energy-storage means Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103180226A
CN103180226A CN2011800496919A CN201180049691A CN103180226A CN 103180226 A CN103180226 A CN 103180226A CN 2011800496919 A CN2011800496919 A CN 2011800496919A CN 201180049691 A CN201180049691 A CN 201180049691A CN 103180226 A CN103180226 A CN 103180226A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
housing apparatus
transportation device
safety device
transportation
hazardous materials
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011800496919A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
迈克尔·洛尔克
蒂姆·谢弗
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
LI TEC VERMOEGENSVERWALTUNGS GmbH
Li Tec Battery GmbH
Original Assignee
LI TEC VERMOEGENSVERWALTUNGS GmbH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102010035959.9 priority Critical
Priority to DE201010035959 priority patent/DE102010035959A1/en
Application filed by LI TEC VERMOEGENSVERWALTUNGS GmbH filed Critical LI TEC VERMOEGENSVERWALTUNGS GmbH
Priority to PCT/EP2011/003876 priority patent/WO2012028237A1/en
Publication of CN103180226A publication Critical patent/CN103180226A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D85/00Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials
    • B65D85/70Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for materials not otherwise provided for
    • B65D85/84Containers, packaging elements or packages, specially adapted for particular articles or materials for materials not otherwise provided for for corrosive chemicals
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B61RAILWAYS
    • B61DBODY DETAILS OR KINDS OF RAILWAY VEHICLES
    • B61D5/00Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials
    • B61D5/04Tank wagons for carrying fluent materials with means for cooling, heating, or insulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B57/00Automatic control, checking, warning, or safety devices
    • B65B57/005Safety-devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65DCONTAINERS FOR STORAGE OR TRANSPORT OF ARTICLES OR MATERIALS, e.g. BAGS, BARRELS, BOTTLES, BOXES, CANS, CARTONS, CRATES, DRUMS, JARS, TANKS, HOPPERS, FORWARDING CONTAINERS; ACCESSORIES, CLOSURES, OR FITTINGS THEREFOR; PACKAGING ELEMENTS; PACKAGES
    • B65D90/00Component parts, details or accessories for large containers
    • B65D90/22Safety features
    • B65D90/24Spillage-retaining means, e.g. recovery ponds
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M50/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts of electrochemical cells other than fuel cells, e.g. hybrid cells
    • H01M50/20Mountings; Secondary casings or frames; Racks, modules or packs; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders
    • H01M50/233Mountings; Secondary casings or frames; Racks, modules or packs; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders characterised by physical properties of casings or racks, e.g. dimensions
    • H01M50/24Mountings; Secondary casings or frames; Racks, modules or packs; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders characterised by physical properties of casings or racks, e.g. dimensions adapted for protecting batteries from their environment, e.g. from corrosion
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M50/00Constructional details or processes of manufacture of the non-active parts of electrochemical cells other than fuel cells, e.g. hybrid cells
    • H01M50/20Mountings; Secondary casings or frames; Racks, modules or packs; Suspension devices; Shock absorbers; Transport or carrying devices; Holders
    • H01M50/256Carrying devices, e.g. belts
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/05Accumulators with non-aqueous electrolyte
    • H01M10/052Li-accumulators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/54Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste accumulators
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M2200/00Safety devices for primary or secondary batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M6/00Primary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M6/52Reclaiming serviceable parts of waste cells or batteries, e.g. recycling
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies; Technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage using batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/84Recycling of batteries or fuel cells

Abstract

A transporting apparatus (100; 102; 104) for at least one electrochemical energy-storage means (150) has at least one accommodating means (110, 120, 130, 140, 160), for accommodating the hazardous substance (150) at least in part, and at least one safety device (132, 134, 136, 138, 142, 170, 180), for safeguarding against a hazard situation caused by the hazardous substance (150) accommodated.

Description

The transportation device that is used for the electrochemical energy storage equipment
Describe
The present invention relates to a kind of transportation device, it is especially for transportation and storing dangerous article, particularly is used for holding (particularly lithium ion unit or lithium ion battery) electrochemical energy storage equipment.
Particularly in the situation that there are following specific risk in lithium ion battery and lithium ion unit: the leakage of liquid electrolyte, short circuit, on firely cause blast.In order to reduce these risks, battery and unit often have suitable housing, and it has improved safety in operation.For example described in EP 2180537 A2.
In the storage and transportation of electrochemical energy storage equipment, particularly when it is damaged, must take measures, to reduce or to eliminate the risk of content be released to environment under normal storage or traffic condition in, prevent that particularly content is released in environment.Simple packing (carton of for example packing into) can not realize this purpose.Need more housing apparatus, it provides for example safety in holding process, particularly for example in the packing of electrochemical energy storage equipment and the safety in transportation, in order to for example prevent that dangerous material from leaking in surrounding environment.In the prior art, often take extra measure with high costs, fire extinguisher for example is provided, so that can be rapidly and effectively overcome any potential fire.
to the Secretary of electrochemical energy storage equipment (the high as far as possible performance when lowest possible weight or the size), described electrochemical energy storage equipment particularly can be used as the energy source in the electrically driven traffic instrument, the result that this requirement causes is that (particularly in the situation that transportation has sample damage or defective) risk increases to some extent when transportation, this is because when presence of fire, very violent decomposition reaction can occur until cause blast, wherein can produce as general ethyl chloride or sulphur dioxide and so on, poisonous and environmentally harmful gas, these gases may spill in environment.
Therefore, particularly have organically in transportation, there are strict requirements usually during the electrolyte electrochemical energy storage units of liquid, these are defined in following is mainly all general introductions in the criterion used of Europe, for example:
ADR=Europe hazardous materials international road Shipping Agreement
The hazardous materials international railway transport agreement of RID=Europe
IMDG-Code=international ocean shipping hazardous materials rule
AND=Europe hazardous materials inland water Shipping Agreement
ICAO-TI and IATA DGR=hazardous materials air transportation rules
These criterions have defined hazardous materials licensed maximum quantity for example to be transported, licensed manner of packing and packing, and even safety precaution, for example the loading of safety is to prevent displacement or to be furnished with fire extinguisher.
Yet, lack a kind of ripe and unified, standard that be used for the mandatory housing apparatus of electrochemical energy storage equipment technically in these criterions.
Therefore, the criterion (from ADR) that for example is applicable to used lithium ion unit is that it should transport in so-called 1H2 freight container.The 1H2 standard is described type, material and the classification of container at this:
The type of 1=container (as bag, box)
The material of H=container (as timber, steel)
2=classifies (as open or closed)
Yet injury material healthy and environment may cause the situation of danger (for example revealing), is not taken into account in above-mentioned criterion.Namely not for corresponding any significant measure under this dangerous situation.
CA 2280620 A1 disclose a kind of battery case, and it forms and comprise battery bracket by two parts, and these battery brackets are spaced apart, and make the battery liquid that may reveal be accommodated in intermediate space.
WO 02/21614 A1 discloses a kind of container for the transportation compact battery, and wherein this container has predetermined rupture strength.
Basic purpose of the present invention is, a kind of safe transportation device is provided, and it particularly is used for transportation and storage hazardous materials (particularly electrochemical energy storage equipment), and this transportation device is simple and compact especially.
According to the present invention, this purpose is that the guidance by independent claims realizes.The preferred improvement project of the present invention consists of the theme of dependent claims.
Just as described in detail later, for solving this purpose, be used for transport of dangerous goods, especially for the transportation device of at least one electrochemical energy storage equipment, it comprises holding at least in part at least one housing apparatus of hazardous materials, and is used for resisting at least one safety device of the dangerous situation that is caused by hazardous materials.
That at least one safety device is integrated in transportation device by advantage of the present invention.The housing apparatus and the safety device that hold hazardous materials by coupling, the security function of safety device can directly, namely for example be resisted the dangerous situation that may occur targetedly or promptly.
Housing apparatus preferably has a bottom side, and it can be used for container is placed into optional back plate especially, and wherein said housing apparatus for example comprises: outshot, and it is used for being inserted into European pallet (Europalette) or other base; (electricity) magnetic holding element (being for example elastically deformable), it is used for remaining on metab or base element; Perhaps, analogue.This bottom side preferably has in fact the part at least one plane or is in fact the plane, makes under the predetermined arrangement state of transportation device, and the normal on described plane (Normale) is perpendicular to gravity direction.In the scope of description of the invention, negative z direction is also referred to as " downwards " (positive z direction that matches: " making progress ").On the contrary, more than downside, housing apparatus has upside.
Housing apparatus preferably has framework or frame, or is made of framework or frame.Described housing apparatus preferably is configured to respectively, and making provides framework or with its encirclement for the volume that will hold.Preferably, the housing apparatus of framework and frame particularly, it is built as guarantees stability, in order to the safety of the mechanical load of antagonism housing apparatus is provided.Preferably, housing apparatus antagonism the inside of housing apparatus+/-1bar or higher or lower superpressure or under-voltage, wherein the difference of pressure that limits with respect to its outside of the inside of housing apparatus acts on the imagination or the real housing of housing apparatus.Preferably, the housing apparatus antagonism is preferably until 130N/cm 2Or higher external load, if in fact there is no described housing, housing apparatus is with damaged.
Framework or frame can have anchor fitting, make it possible to fixedly housing apparatus and fixing transportation device thus, namely can limit (be preferably and prevent) its displacement with respect to surrounding environment (for example bottom of conveyer).Anchor fitting can have lock-out facility, and the locking of lock-out facility of complementation that can be by transportation device and surrounding environment by this lock-out facility realizes fixing.Complementary fixation means, complementary lock-out facility for example also can oneself be fixed on housing apparatus or transportation device place.In this case, a plurality of transportation devices and/or housing apparatus can be connected to each other, and as locked, in order to for example build the connection of a plurality of transportation devices, or for example build the transportation device with a plurality of connected housing apparatus.The coupling of a plurality of housing apparatus by transportation device will limit its movability, can improve thus when transportation and the safety during storage.
Housing apparatus preferably has substrate.This substrate is by being preferably by rectangle, particularly in the situation that until 2000kg or higher load, firm main body is constructed, for example by at least one pallet according to industrial standard, European pallet for example, be preferably the European pallet according to DIN EN 13698, it is preferably has 0.1 to 2m 2, be preferably 0.5 to 1.5m 2, be preferably 0.7 to 1.0m 2, be preferably 0.96m 2Basic area.This basic area can also be preferably greater or lesser.European pallet is preferably to have from 100 to 2000mm, is preferably 800 to 1500mm, is preferably 1000 to 1300mm, is preferably the outer length size of 1200mm.European pallet is preferably to have from 50 to 2000mm, is preferably 300 to 1500mm, is preferably 700 to 1200mm, is preferably the external width size of 800mm.European pallet is preferably to have from 10 to 500mm, is preferably 50 to 350mm, is preferably 70 to 200mm, is preferably the external height size of 144mm.Preferably, the outer length size of European pallet and/or external width size and/or external height size can also be greater or lesser.The advantage of for example using the European pallet according to DIN EN 13698 to have is, can use best the multiple device that has been provided with under transportation and storage state, the loading surface of truck, railway truck or shipping container for example because its normally according to the criteria optimization of European pallet size.Substrate can comprise anchor fitting in order to housing apparatus is fixed to substrate, or with respect to the fixing transportation device of its surrounding environment, thus make realize fixing, i.e. the displacement of restriction (be preferably and prevent) housing apparatus or transportation device.
The girth of substrate can be preferably corresponding to optionally framework or the optionally girth of frame.And the girth of base plate also can be more greater or lesser than the girth of framework or frame.
Housing apparatus can have latching device, and as latch, it can be built as a closure assembly.Latching device can be independent assembly, and the assembly that particularly can be connected with housing apparatus perhaps can regularly, namely can not be connected to housing apparatus without destroying with dismantling.Housing apparatus can also have holding device, and it is used for keeping latching device.Holding device can have hinge means (Scharnieranordnung) or rail set, thereby makes latching device may be implemented as rotation lock or slide lock.Latch can comprise anchor fitting, thereby makes it can be fixed to housing apparatus.Anchor fitting can for example comprise lock-out facility, or magnetic locking element or lock pin element.
The girth of latch can be preferably corresponding to optionally framework or the optionally girth of frame.The girth of latch can also be greater than or less than the girth of framework or frame.
Housing apparatus can be built as open or enclosed container, or has this type of container, and it can have for example substrate, framework or frame and latch.Container preferably has at least one sidewall that can be configured to the shape of hollow cylinder, or has and be preferably at least four connected sidewalls, and these sidewalls surround in fact the volumetric spaces that is square.The receiving volume space of container preferably is appropriate to hold and for example is preferably 1 to 1000dm 3, 100 to 800dm 3, 200 to 700dm 3, 500 to 700dm 3Or more or less liquid volume, it protects to prevent leakage under Action of Gravity Field at gravity direction (downwards) at least.
One or more housing apparatus are sealing or closeable with respect to surrounding environment.Preferably, housing apparatus preferably has at least one opening, or have a plurality of (for example>2) opening, or have a large amount of (for example>8) openings, particularly those can realize that by it inside of housing apparatus is to the opening of the interactively of the outside of housing apparatus or transportation device.Therefore, safety device can be especially and the inside of housing apparatus (for example with hazardous materials) interact, in order to realize for example fire extinguishing.This at least one opening preferably is formed in the housing apparatus upside or the upside place, or near described housing apparatus, is preferably in optional latching device.
The assembly of transportation device, the sidewall of base plate or framework or frame or housing apparatus for example, can any material of hazardous materials be formed by being suitable for holding arbitrarily, be preferably treated (for example coated) or undressed timber, perhaps be respectively similar plastics, metal, steel, aluminium, thin plate, slab, fiber, fiber structure or felt, perhaps composite material.
Assembly, for example the mode that coordinates of the mode that can be preferably determines according to material of base plate, sidewall, framework or frame and latch and/or power and/or the mode of form fit interconnect, therefore, particularly in case of emergency, be preferably and reduce (also being preferably prevention) undesirable material and leak into surrounding environment from transportation device, and can reduce on the contrary (also being preferably prevention) material and be penetrated into conveying arrangement from surrounding environment.Housing apparatus or transportation device can be built as the module that the mode that the mode that can determine according to material and/or the power that is preferably coordinates and/or the mode that is particularly preferably form fit are connected with other module, wherein can be included in the connection of compactness of the interior housing apparatus of transportation device or the connection of transportation device.
One or more housing apparatus may be constructed such flexible, and are particularly elastomeric, i.e. modulus of elasticity (E-Modul)<0.5kN/mm 2(or 0.1 or 0.05), it can be by using elastic body, and for example silaatic is realized.Alternatively or extraly, housing apparatus can be built as rigidity, particularly stiff in fact, for example E-Modul>0.5kN/mm 2(or 0.1 or 0.05).In addition, housing apparatus has the flexible unit of being combined with stiff member or does not have stiff member, and it for example can be assigned safety device.The advantage that elastic behavior provides is, can absorb for example physical shock from the external action to the housing apparatus, can prevent thus damage.Rigidity characteristics prevented undesirable distortion and shape stability is provided, and it is preferred equally, so that stable housing apparatus to be provided.
Preferably, housing apparatus has at least one damping arrangement.But it can have the part of one or more elasticity or inelastic deformation, by this part for example when the physical shock (for example under collision situation) can be deformation energy and heat energy with kinetic transformation, in order to absorb in fact physical shock or vibration.Protect thus hazardous materials.These parts can be optional sidewall, latching device, substrate, framework or the frame of housing apparatus or the assembly of housing.The quantity of these parts can be 1,2 to 5,6 to 10,11 to 20,30 to 50 or more.These parts can be arranged on one or more sides of housing apparatus, and particularly uniform, for example equidistantly distribute.In addition, these parts can be to be arranged on or to be fixed on housing apparatus or the independent parts on its assembly.For example, but the part of these deformation also can be built as sealing or housing part of housing apparatus, in order to form " external buffer district ".
Preferably, housing apparatus can have in fact single assembly and monolithic molding, for example as aluminum composite foil (Aluminiumverbundfolie) or aluminum portions, and/or has a plurality of assemblies, for example substrate, framework or frame or latch.
Transportation device can be built as, and the first housing apparatus fully or at least in part surrounds at least one second housing apparatus.The first housing apparatus can be fully or is surrounded at least in part at least one second housing apparatus, and making between the surrounding environment of at least the second housing apparatus and the first housing apparatus does not have interactively, and therefore consists of whole transportation device.The first housing apparatus can completely or partially surround at least the second housing apparatus, makes between at least the second housing apparatus and surrounding environment to have interactively.The first housing apparatus can have interactively with at least one the second housing apparatus.The first housing apparatus can not have interactively with at least one the second housing apparatus.The first housing apparatus can have common sparing with at least one the second housing apparatus.The mode that the mode that the first housing apparatus can determine according to material and/or power coordinate and/or the mode of form fit have with at least one second housing apparatus and contact.
The possibility of the combination by at least one first housing apparatus and second housing apparatus, transportation device may be implemented as to be had about functional, alerting ability, holds the special advantage of safety, content protection and managerial aspect.
Preferably, the mode that coordinates of the first transportation device mode that can preferably determine according to material with at least one second transportation device and/or power and/or the mode of form fit interconnect.
In one embodiment, one or more housing apparatus are external packings, it outwards divides the border of transportation device and external environment condition at least in part, and maybe can not recycling of particularly can recycling, and in use correspondingly reused or do not reuse.
In one embodiment, one or more housing apparatus are relief packaging facilities (Bergungsverpackungsvorrichtung), it can repeat to hold hazardous materials, make it for example in the situation that danger (as accident, storage injury etc.) realize relief, and its be preferably be recoverable and in use can be by repeated usage correspondingly.
Safety device can be independent or combine with the assembly of other safety facilities of transportation device.Preferably, the mode that coordinates of the mode that determines by material of at least one safety device of housing apparatus or part and/or power and/or the mode of form fit are connected with at least one safety device.
One or more safety devices can be positioned at the inside of housing apparatus.One or more safety devices can be positioned at the outside of one or more housing apparatus to be located/on.One or more safety devices can be between the first housing apparatus and at least one the second housing apparatus.One or more parts of one or more safety devices can be arranged on the outside place of housing apparatus/on, and/or partly be arranged on the inside of one or more housing apparatus.
One or more safety devices can have interactively with one or more housing apparatus and/or environment.One or more safety devices can not have interactively with one or more housing apparatus and surrounding environment.
In one embodiment, can be provided with at least two safety devices.At least two safety devices can be positioned at the inside of one or more housing apparatus.At least two safety devices can be positioned on the place/outside, outside of one or more housing apparatus.At least two safety devices can be between housing apparatus.At least two safety devices can have one or more housing apparatus places/on one or more parts of outside, and have part in one or more housing apparatus inside.
At least two safety devices can have interactively with one or more housing apparatus.At least two safety devices can not have interactively with one or more housing apparatus.At least two safety devices can not have interactively with surrounding environment.At least two safety devices can have interactively with surrounding environment.
At least two safety devices can have interactively each other.At least two safety devices can be each other without any interactively.At least two safety devices can have interactively each other and/or with housing apparatus and/or with surrounding environment.At least two safety devices can not have interactively each other and/or with housing apparatus and/or with surrounding environment.At least two safety devices can have interactively with at least one housing apparatus and surrounding environment.At least two safety devices can not have interactively with at least one housing apparatus and surrounding environment.
Safety device can be used for identical purpose, for example fire prevention.Safety device can be used for different purposes, and for example, the first safety device can be used for fire prevention, and the second safety device can be used for collecting the liquid of revealing.
Preferably, at least one safety device is used for fire prevention assembly and/or the fire extinguishing assembly of transportation device.Preferably, at least one is used for preventing that material from being the assembly of transportation device from the safety device that transportation device is leaked to its surrounding environment.Advantageously, at least one is used for preventing that material from being the assembly of transportation device from the safety device that the surrounding environment of transportation device penetrates into transportation device.
Advantageously, be provided with at least three safety devices, wherein at least one first safety device is used for fire prevention and/or fire extinguishing, at least one second safety device be used for to absorb and/or ejects from solid-state, the liquid state of housing apparatus inside or (chemistry) material of gaseous state, and at least one the 3rd safety device is used for absorbing and/or ejects from solid-state, the liquid state of the exterior circumferential environment of housing apparatus or (chemistry) material of gaseous state.
Preferably, one or more safety devices can be respectively introduced transportation device before the assembling of transportation device, after assembly process and assembling.
Advantageously, safety device particularly has the container of fire extinguishing agent, is positioned on the first housing apparatus, and wherein especially, safety device discharges fire extinguishing agent under minimum temperature and/or minimum pressure.Preferably, the capsule that decomposes rapidly under minimum temperature and/or minimum pressure causes the release of fire extinguishing agent.Preferably discharge fire extinguishing agent by spraying.
Preferably, safety device is built as container, preferably is built as flat board.Flat board is understood to comprise the container of weighting substance.Dull and stereotyped preferably have be used to holding for example inner space of the material of solvent, and it is dried, gelatinous or liquid that described material is preferably, or be preferably and have the particles in suspension solvent.Preferably define by the housing of flat board for the space that holds described material, it is preferably flexible.Housing preferably is constituted as the form of paper tinsel.That housing can be built as multi-piece type or single-piece.Preferably, provide predetermined rupture location (Sollbruchstelle) in one or more definite positions in housing, it is surpassing or is opening, and content is discharged in surrounding environment lower than determined value (at the pressure that is for example raising or the temperature of rising) time of parameter.So predetermined rupture location can for example be configured to seam, particularly is configured to solder joint.
Preferably, in housing or in enclosure interior, surpassing or during lower than specific parameter value (at the pressure that is for example raising or the temperature of rising), the capsule that disintegrates fast (it causes the pressure of enclosure interior to raise) for example discharges fire extinguishing agent (being preferably spray fire extinguishing agent) by discharging gas, and described fire extinguishing agent is the opening by one or more predetermined rupture location preferably.But what can imagine is, fire extinguishing agent is disposed in housing, and it for example is activated after temperature is elevated to predetermined value after being activated, and converts the fire extinguishing agent of rapid expansion, for example aerosol to.
In one embodiment, at least one safety device advantageously is configured to fire extinguisher plant.Preferably, the fire extinguisher plant compound that contains at least a fire extinguishing agent or consisted of by fire extinguishing agent.Fire extinguishing agent can be by unreactable gas, particularly CO 2, Ar or N 2Or the compound of these gases consists of, or has unreactable gas, particularly CO 2, Ar or N 2Or the compound of these gases.This fire extinguishing agent can be made of reaction suppressor and/or foamed plastic, or has reaction suppressor and/or foamed plastic.Fire extinguishing agent can be made of cooling system conditioner, or has cooling system conditioner, and described cooling system conditioner comprises at least a extinguishment additive agent.This fire extinguishing agent can also be made of aerosol, or has aerosol.Described aerosol can be the aerosol of doing.This fire extinguishing agent can be fire extinguishing powder, particularly ABC powder, BC powder or D powder.
Preferably, at least a fire extinguishing agent additive is multiple times than the water of himself weight by absorption polymer preparations (Polymerzubereitung) consists of, and uses the gel of bubble-free, that form, viscosity by the water of even thickening and thermoshield.
Preferably, at least a fire extinguishing agent additive has good adhesive bonding property, also has vertical smooth surface.Coat thickness preferably is built as and can reaches 10mm.But coat thickness can be thicker or thinner.Even thereby at least a fire extinguishing agent additive is preferably because physical-chemical property at high temperature can both reduce evaporation of water speed.Be preferably in addition the amount that reduces thus water for fire extinguishing.Preferably, at least a fire extinguishing agent additive at least in part can be by biodegradation.Particularly preferred fire extinguishing agent additive has under 20 ℃ the product viscosity from 200 to 500mPas.And this product viscosity can be higher or lower.In addition, particularly preferred fire extinguishing agent additive has and is 1.05g/cm 3Density.Yet this density also can be higher or lower.
Particularly preferred fire extinguishing agent (additive) is in the pH value that has under 20 ℃ between 6.9 and 7.1.But this pH value also can be higher or lower.The preferred dosage of solvent (additive) reaches 1.0% to 1.5% when fire extinguishing, when reaching 2.0% to 3.0% when shielding, and reach 1.0% to 2.0% in the fire extinguishing equipment.Yet this dosage also can be higher or lower.This fire extinguishing agent additive is for example the fire extinguishing agent additive (2010 of the commodity " Firesorb " by name sold by Evonik company; Number of registration PL 1-98).
Preferably, at least one safety device has pressure relief device, and it is preferably reclosable, and particularly valve, for example He Erbige valve And/or valve block, multiple valve block for example, it for example can have a plurality of thin slices (Lamelle), and wherein adjacent thin slice can contact under closure state.Valve block is the spring-loaded valve block particularly.Safety device also can have predetermined rupture location, and this predetermined rupture location is particularly in the part of described housing apparatus, for example in described latching device.
Conveying arrangement preferably has at least one disc elements (Wannenelement).This disc elements can be the assembly of groove shape, particularly catch pan.Preferably, at least one safety device is built as for the catch pan from the liquid that holds equipment leakage, and preferably consisted of by suitable material or appropriate combination material, particularly steel, sheetmetal, aluminium, copper, metal, plastics (for example PVC or PE) or by one or more the one or more paper tinsel in these materials.Preferably, housing apparatus is arranged on inside and/or the top of catch pan, and preferably is located at catch pan inside.Preferably, the lateral dimension of catch pan is no more than the lateral dimension of the European pallet of standard, and perhaps the lateral dimension of catch pan is substantially consistent with the lateral dimension of European pallet.The mode that catch pan can coordinate by mode and/or the power of material decision and/or mode and at least one catch pan of form fit interconnect, particularly regularly, and namely can not be without being connected with destroying dismounting.Yet also possible is that catch pan is not connected to described at least one housing apparatus.
Preferably, the bottom of disc elements or side have at least one interval equipment, and for example one or more pedestals or rib are so that the bottom that will coil is spaced apart with the downside of the bottom of the housing apparatus that is oppositely arranged.And the downside of the bottom of housing apparatus also can have described escapement.Preferably, described escapement preferably is comprised of the suitable material of for example timber or metal.Preferably, the downside of the bottom of the bottom of the mode that coordinates of the mode that determines by material of described escapement and/or power and catch pan and housing apparatus is connected.Escapement can have lock-out facility, and the locking of lock-out facility of complementation that can be by transportation facilities and dish by this lock-out facility realizes fixing.
Preferably, at least one safety device can be used in chemistry and/or physically absorption and/or chemistry and/or physically absorb (chemistry) material of solid-state and/or liquid and/or gaseous state.
Preferably, hazardous materials preferably can be used in chemistry and/or physically absorption and/or chemistry and/or the safety device that physically absorbs solid-state and/or liquid and/or gaseous chemical substance are surrounded by at least a.
In one embodiment, safety device is built as the foam of quick-hardening.Described foam can have for example flame resistance and/or hygroscopic property and/or shock absorption.
Preferably; be built as the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials especially for flameproof at least a safety device; it by complex film and/or ceramic spraying material (for example is preferably; the material of the commodity of known Evonik Industry Stock Company Separion by name) and/or the foamed plastic and/or the PCM (phase-change material) that adhere to gel and/or have a flame resistant protection of thermoshield consist of, and preferably be sprayed onto on hazardous materials from container.
Preferably, the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials can be multiple times than by absorption the polymeric blends of the water of himself weight, and has the gel of bubble-free, that form, viscosity by the water of even thickening and thermoshield.Preferably, the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials has good adhesive bonding property, also has vertical smooth surface.Preferably, coat thickness is built as and can reaches 10mm.But coat thickness can be thicker or thinner.Even thereby the housing of hazardous materials that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight is preferably due to physical-chemical property at high temperature and can reduces evaporation of water speed.Be preferably in addition the amount that reduces thus water for fire extinguishing.Preferably, being difficult to the housing of that burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials at least in part can be by biodegradation.Particularly preferably be, the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials has under 20 ℃ the product viscosity from 200 to 500mPas.And this product viscosity can be higher or lower.In addition, particularly preferably be, the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials has and is 1.05g/cm 3Density.Yet this density also can be higher or lower.
Particularly preferably be, the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials is in the pH value that has under 20 ℃ between 6.9 and 7.1.But this pH value also can be higher or lower.
The preferred dosage of the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials reaches 2.0% to 3.0% when shielding.Yet this dosage also can be higher or lower.The housing of that this is difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials is for example the housing (2010 years of the commodity " Firesorb " by name sold by Evonik company; Number of registration PL1-98).
Particularly preferably be, at least one safety device is built as the housing of that be difficult to burn and/or airtight and/or liquid-tight hazardous materials, and can shield heat.Housing preferably is built as, and makes that hazardous materials place temperature separately is no more than 100 ℃, 150 ℃, 200 ℃ in housing apparatus.
Preferably, at least one safety device has gas suction device, and it for example can have fan.Preferably, gas suction device preferably has filtering installation, activated carbon filtration system for example, described gas suction device can be for example to aspirating and preferably filtered at the gas (compound) that purifies the inner existence of housing apparatus, in order to reduce, change or stop gas leakage in surrounding environment.Filtering system can be the filtering system of catalysis and/or mechanical action.Safety device can also have the filtering installation that is independent of gas suction device.
Preferably, at least one safety device has sensor-based system, this sensor-based system particularly measure in the inside of transportation device and/or outside and/or housing apparatus inner and/or outside and/or at hazardous materials inner and/or outside bar pressure and/or mechanical pressure and/or temperature and/or humidity and/or composition of air.Described sensor-based system can have at least one thermal detector.Described safety device, particularly sensor can have control setup, and it particularly can comprise computer device, for example integrated circuit or microcontroller.
Preferably, sensor-based system and the vehicle and/or hazardous materials have interactively, for example have with the battery management system (BMS) of electrochemical energy storage cell and contact, and preferably surpassing or activating at least one other safety device during lower than the parameter value of definition, for example activate the fire extinguishing equipment.
In one embodiment, sensor-based system can have interactively with at least one safety device (for example being fabricated the safety device for fire prevention or fire extinguishing).
Have interactively and mean in this article, sensor-based system is measured specific parameter (for example temperature of battery or charge condition), and is surpassing or discharging from safety device the fire extinguishing agent that is used for fire extinguishing during lower than predetermined value.Sensor-based system can also for example be used for, make for example by being positioned at the warning light in vehicle railway carriage or compartment, or pass through earcon, notify the driver of these vehicle, surpassed or lower than the parameter value of determining, make the driver can take adequate measures, as activating the safety device as the fire extinguishing equipment.
Advantageously, sensor contacts with the control element that belongs to sensor-based system, control element will be compared with the predetermined value of parameter by the measured parameter value of sensor (for example pressure or temperature), and surpass or during lower than predetermined value, activating for example safety device of fire extinguishing equipment.Preferably, by the notified driver of the measured parameter value of sensor (for example pressure or temperature), make and to surpass or to activate safety device during lower than predetermined value.
Transportation device preferably includes control setup.This control setup can comprise circuit, microcontroller, data and power supply element.It can also be connected to sensor, the optional components of transportation device, particularly housing apparatus or safety device.Thereby can realize the efficient control ﹠ monitor of transportation device.
Preferably, transportation device has cooling or temperature control equipment, and this device particularly can be monitored by control setup.Thereby be suppressed at the formation of the critical temperature of transportation device or housing apparatus inside.
Transportation device preferably has the equipment for the charge condition of monitoring electrochemical energy memory element (for example unit, battery, secondary battery).This equipment is built into charging and/or the discharge that is used in particular for monitoring energy storage device.Thereby for example can realize, the energy storage device that monitoring is installed in transportation device particularly detects charging and/or discharge at transportation or memory period for example at the state of its transportation or memory period.
Preferably, transportation device or housing apparatus have electrical interface, in order to connect electrochemical energy storage cell.
Obtain thus a kind of transportation device, this transportation device is safe and compact especially, and it is used in particular for transport of dangerous goods (for example electrochemical energy storage cell).
Advantageously, in one embodiment, constitute a component part of transportation device as the pallet (being preferably European pallet) of substrate.Advantageously, in one embodiment, as wall (being made by for example timber, sheetmetal, steel or plastics) the suit framework (Aufsetzrahm) with surrounding environment, a component part that constitutes transportation device is arranged.Advantageously, in one embodiment,, housing apparatus that surrounded hazardous materials that consist of by aluminum-plastic composite membrane and PU foam pad have been adopted.Advantageously, in one embodiment, safety device (container that particularly has fire extinguishing agent) is positioned on the first transportation device, wherein safety device discharges fire extinguishing agent under minimum temperature and/or minimal pressure, preferably causes the capsule of fast decoupled to discharge fire extinguishing agent under minimum temperature and/or minimal pressure.
Be used for assembling according to housing apparatus of the present invention, the method according to this invention comprises following step, it is respectively optional:
In first step, provide all component of housing apparatus.In the another one step, the assembly of the housing apparatus that provides is fitted together.In the another one step, provide all component of safety device.In the another one step, all component of safety device is fitted together.Optionally, can also use and assembled safety device (for example fire extinguisher) or the housing apparatus (for example packing chest) of completing.In the another one step, safety device can be arranged on housing apparatus or in housing apparatus, and vice versa, thereby obtains according to transportation device of the present invention.Optionally, a plurality of housing apparatus with at least one safety device can be set also, to obtain according to transportation device of the present invention.
Preferably, transportation device according to the present invention is used in particular for new, newtype, the newly developed or goods spare preparation listing of the dangerous article of cargo carrier, new, newtype, the newly developed or electrochemical energy storage cell preparation listing especially for transportation.
Preferably, transportation device according to the present invention is used in particular for damage, the defective or unsealed goods spare of having of the dangerous article of cargo carrier, especially for transportation, damage, defective or unsealed electrochemical energy storage cell is arranged.
The feature of method and apparatus according to the invention is combined into various design plans according to object of the present invention.
For the present invention is described, defined especially following term:
" relief packing " is a kind of packaging facilities, its be used for transportation overflow or spill damage, defective or unsealed hazardous materials arranged, in order to transport for the purpose that reclaims or process.
" hazardous materials " is also referred to as dangerous freight or hazardous materials, harmful material.This term is contained and is wherein contained during transportation because its chemistry and/or physical property and/or chemistry and/or physical condition and/or its characteristic may be for important public properties, for the mankind, animal, environment, nature or other healthy and existence, and the material that can produce material, article, product, equipment, assembly, solution, compound, prepared product or the compound of harm for the public, public security or order, as electrochemical energy storage equipment (as the lithium ion unit).Hazardous materials can for example be included in the first housing.
" transportation " is to load and transport any type of article with water transport, land transportation or air transport.In framework of the present invention, term " transportation " particularly including transportation, storage, the recovery of hazardous materials, pack, transport etc.
" chemical substance " comprises compound, material, solution, mixture, compound and/or the prepared product of solid-state, liquid state or gaseous state.
" external packing " be all device needed and/or suitable, be used for surrounding and/or protection internal container or the combination of interior packing or the outer hull of composite packaging.
First and second portion have " interactively ", are that the state of second portion also can change when the state by change first, and vice versa.When for example thereby sensor measurement rose activation fire extinguishing equipment to temperature, sensor and fire extinguishing are equipped had mutually interactively.If but for example sensor measurement rises to temperature, only notify for example this temperature rising of driver, and at first activate the fire extinguishing equipment by the driver, this fire extinguishing equipment and sensor do not have interactively.
" electrochemical energy storage equipment " is understood to a kind of like this equipment, and this equipment also comprises at least one Galvanic unit.This equipment also comprises other devices at least one Galvanic of operation unit.Therefore at least one Galvanic unit and corollary apparatus can be arranged in common shell.In addition, from the Galvanic unit of some, the electrochemical energy storage equipment can be composed of multiple units.Term Galvanic unit comprises all types of electric flux memory devices, particularly electrochemical energy memory device, i.e. elementary and two sub-cells particularly, and other electric flux memory device, for example cond.
" plate " is square in fact main body, preferably, its in the expansion on preferred vertical direction (highly) less than the two-dimensional expansion (length and/or width) on preferred horizontal direction.Plate is preferably stable, even for example along also not being out of shape under the mass loading of gravity direction.European pallet is defined as the example of plate.
" girth " is the summation by all line segments of propping up common plane." girth " is preferably the girth of the cubical in fact main body of finger, namely extends by (preferred levels) two dimension of this main body, and namely so-called length and width define.
" absorption " has described such process, and the phase border in this process between two phases (for example surface) locates accumulated substance.
" absorption " described such process, in this process in the absorption stage absorbing material.
The possibility of additional advantages of the present invention, feature and application provides by reference to the accompanying drawings from the description of following embodiment.Wherein show:
Fig. 1 schematically show according to the present invention assembling and that make, that have fire extinguisher plant, according to the first embodiment of transportation device of the present invention;
Fig. 2 schematically shows the structure according to the second embodiment of transportation device of the present invention, and about the embodiment of the method according to this invention of its assembling;
Fig. 3 be have catch pan and gas suction device, according to the cutaway view of the embodiment of transportation device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 be have four less housing apparatus and integrated sensor-based system, according to another cutaway view according to an embodiment of the invention of transportation device of the present invention.
Fig. 1 show by housing apparatus consist of according to transportation device 100 of the present invention, described housing apparatus is by base plate 110, framework 120 and cover 130 and form.Be provided with safety device in lid 130, it preferably is designed to have the flat board of fire extinguishing agent 132 and predetermined rupture location (not shown), and other safety device 134 (for example decomposing capsule), it for example causes fire extinguishing agent 132 to be released to the inside of transportation device 100 when temperature or pressure rising.This can for example raise by dull and stereotyped inner pressure and cause, and therefore for example one or more predetermined rupture location are opened, and preferably by atomization, fire extinguishing agent 132 are discharged into the inside of transportation device 100.
The framework 120 of housing apparatus, lid 130 and base plate 110 are connected to each other, and preferably, make gas can not occuring from transportation device 100 to surrounding environment or the exchange of liquid, or opposite exchange.
Fig. 2 shows assembling according to the method for transportation device of the present invention, and it for example also can relate to transportation device 100.
First step comprises provides housing apparatus, substrate or base plate 110 that this housing apparatus has framework 120, lid 130 and built by European pallet.In second step, framework 120 is placed on base plate 110, and is connected with this base plate.
The 3rd independent step comprises hazardous materials 150 is incorporated in container 140, and described container can comprise housing 144, wherein has packing material 142, and it can also be built as the safety device that surrounds hazardous materials 150.Housing 144 can be for example constructed by aluminum composite foil, preferably makes gas and liquid all can not arrive in surrounding environment, and vice versa.Packing material 142 can for example build by quick-hardening foam (for example PU foam).
Hazardous materials 150 can be introduced into before or after by packing material 142 filling containers 140.Preferably, hazardous materials 150 is incorporated into container 140, makes packing material 142 surround equably hazardous materials 150 on all direction in spaces.
In the 4th step, the container 140 with hazardous materials 150, housing 144 and packing material 142 is introduced in the housing apparatus with substrate 110 and framework 120.
Preferably, the volume of container 140 is selected as making it with corresponding by the inner space volume of framework 120 and the constructed housing apparatus of base plate 110.Boundary upwards is corresponding with the height of framework 120.The lateral dimension of container 140 is selected as making it to be no more than the lateral dimension of European pallet 110.Any space between framework 120, substrate 110 and container 140 can be filled with packing material, and for example PU foam, polystyrene foam or paper, make the movement of container 140 in housing apparatus 110,120 be restricted, and is preferably and do not have movement.
In the 5th step, latching device, namely cover 130, be placed on the housing apparatus that is full of by container 140, and be permanently connected with storing apparatus, that framework 120 with storing apparatus is permanently connected more accurately, preferably make environment around and the transportation device 100 completed between liquid or gas exchange can not occur.Preferably, lid 130 and evenly (b ü ndig) sealing of container 140.Any gap between lid 130 and container 140 can be by packing material, and for example PU foam, polystyrene foam or paper are filled, thus make can realize covering 130 and container 140 between evenly seal.
Lid 130 comprises safety device and the another one safety device 134 with fire extinguishing agent 132, for example decomposes capsule, and it preferably is discharged into fire extinguishing agent 132 by atomizing the inside of transportation device 100 when temperature or pressure rising.
Lid 130 is assembled in the step of separating.For example, can provide the lid 130 that is provided with hollow space.In this hollow space, for example can be provided with container that fill by fire extinguishing agent 132 and the effect of being under pressure and that can comprise predetermined rupture location.Predetermined rupture location place at the container of filling by fire extinguishing agent 132 can have active device 134, for example decomposes capsule, and it for example causes breaking of predetermined rupture location when temperature or pressure rise.According to the present invention preferably, do the used time when the container of for example being filled by fire extinguishing agent 132 is under pressure, can discharge fire extinguishing agent by atomizing.
Obtain thus a kind of safe, simple and compact transportation device 100, it is used for transportation and storage hazardous materials 150.
Fig. 3 shows the section drawing according to transportation device 102 of the present invention, and it comprises the catch pan 170 for the liquid that is leaked by container 140.Catch pan 170 is installed on substrate 160.The length of catch pan 170 and width dimensions are greater than length and the width dimensions of substrate 160.Escapement 172 with the bottom of catch pan 170 with separate as the downside for the bottom of the storing apparatus of the container 140 of hazardous materials 150.
Container 140 comprises and is preferably stable housing 144.Housing 144 surrounds a volumetric spaces.Can hold hazardous materials 150 in this volumetric spaces.Preferably, the volume of hazardous materials 150 and being selected as by the volume of the inwall of housing 144 definition has kept the remaining space that can be filled by packing material 142 when making in hazardous materials 150 is incorporated into housing 144.Preferably, packing material 142 surrounds hazardous materials 150, makes and has limited the motion of hazardous materials 150 in container 140, is preferably not motion.Preferably, hazardous materials 150 is introduced in housing 144, makes packing material 142 surround equably hazardous materials 150 on all direction in spaces.
Can purify and/or be preferably by innoxious by gas suction device 180 (preferably have activated carbon filtration system) from hazardous materials 150 escaping gas.
Fig. 4 shows the section drawing of transportation device 104, described transportation device 104 comprise outer hull 190, one or more containers 140 as hazardous materials 150 housing apparatus, fire extinguishing agent 132, be used for activating or discharging the control setup 138 of fire extinguishing agent 132 and a plurality of sensor 135,136 that contacts with control setup 138.
Container 140 is made of housing 144 respectively, and it is stacking by a plurality of containers 140 that it is preferably permission.Each housing 144 has surrounded the volume that can introduce therein hazardous materials 150 and packing material 142.Preferably, packing material 142 will surround hazardous materials 150, thereby the activity of restriction hazardous materials 150 in container 140 is preferably the activity that do not exist.Preferably, hazardous materials 150 is introduced in housing 144, makes packing material 142 surround in fact equably hazardous materials 150 on all direction in spaces.
Sensor 135 is arranged on respectively hazardous materials 150 places in container 140.Sensor 135 can also extend in hazardous materials.If hazardous materials 135 is electrochemical energy storage equipments for example, sensor 135 can keep being connected with the BMS (battery management system) of electrochemical energy storage equipment 150.
Sensor 135 for example can be measured the parameter as pressure, temperature and composition of air, and data are sent to control setup 138.Preferably, other sensor 136 is positioned at outer hull 190 inside and outside of transportation device 104, in order to for example measure the parameter as pressure, temperature and composition of air, and data is sent to control setup 138.
Control setup 138 can for example will be compared with predetermined parameter value by sensor 135,136 resulting parameter values, and is surpassing or during lower than predetermined boundary value, activating fire extinguishing agent 132 or it is discharged in transportation device 104.Preferably, control setup 138 reports to the driver with the parameter value that obtains, and it can also handle to discharge fire extinguishing agent 132 from fire extinguisher plant.
Reference numerals list

Claims (13)

1. a transportation device (100,102,104), it is used for hazardous materials, and especially at least one electrochemical energy storage equipment, described transportation device (100,102,104) has:
At least one housing apparatus (110,120,130,140,160), it is used for holding at least in part hazardous materials (150); And
At least one safety device (132,134,135,136,138,142,170,180),
It is used for the dangerous situation that antagonism is caused by the hazardous materials that holds (150).
2. transportation device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has at least a facility (142), is used for material and/or the material of gaseous state and/or the solid-state material of chemiadsorption and/or physical adsorption and/or chemical absorbing and/or Physical Absorption liquid state.
3. transportation device as claimed in claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has at least one device (132,134,135,136,138,142) that is used for fire prevention and/or fire extinguishing.
4. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has gas pumping equipment (180), and described gas pumping equipment (180) preferably has filtering system.
5. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has at least one catch pan (170).
6. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has sensor (135,136), described sensor (135,136) is measured the parameter of temperature for example or pressure, and described safety device is built as, and depends on measured parameter automatic activation safety device.
7. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has fire extinguishing agent (132,142).
8. transportation device as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has flat board, holds fire extinguishing agent (132) in the inner space of described flat board.
9. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that, described housing apparatus has at least one substrate that is built as in fact European pallet (110,160), be used for holding the container (140) of described hazardous materials (150) with at least one, the length dimension of described container (140) and width dimensions are especially with the length dimension of European pallet with width dimensions is corresponding or less than length dimension and the width dimensions of European pallet.
10. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim, it is characterized in that, described housing apparatus has at least one and is used for holding the container (140) of hazardous materials (150), and wherein said container is filled by packing material (142) at least in part.
11. transportation device as described in any one in aforementioned claim is characterized in that, described at least one safety device has interactively with the battery management system of the secondary battery that is held by described housing apparatus.
12. one kind for the production of the method for the described transportation device of any one (100,102,104) in 11 according to claim 1, described method has following step according to random order at least:
At least one housing apparatus that is used for holding at least in part described hazardous materials (150) (110,120,130,140,160) is provided, and described housing apparatus (110,120,130,140,160) can have housing (144,190); And
Be provided for resisting at least one safety device (132,134,136,138,142,170,180) of the dangerous situation that is caused by the hazardous materials that holds (150) at described housing apparatus place or in described housing apparatus.
13. purposes of the described transportation device of any one in 11 according to claim 1, be used for transportation or storage based on the electrochemical energy storage equipment of lithium or the assembly of described electrochemical energy storage equipment, especially for the relief of impaired energy storage device.
CN2011800496919A 2010-08-31 2011-08-02 Transporting apparatus for electrochemical energy-storage means Pending CN103180226A (en)

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DE201010035959 DE102010035959A1 (en) 2010-08-31 2010-08-31 Transport device for electrochemical energy storage devices
PCT/EP2011/003876 WO2012028237A1 (en) 2010-08-31 2011-08-02 Transporting apparatus for electrochemical energy-storage means

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