CN103179221A - Servo system and method for setting address of distribution unit - Google Patents

Servo system and method for setting address of distribution unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103179221A
CN103179221A CN 201110432372 CN201110432372A CN103179221A CN 103179221 A CN103179221 A CN 103179221A CN 201110432372 CN201110432372 CN 201110432372 CN 201110432372 A CN201110432372 A CN 201110432372A CN 103179221 A CN103179221 A CN 103179221A
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distribution
network
units
unit
interfaces
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CN 201110432372
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Chinese (zh)
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邱国书
陈建州
李思贤
陈星邑
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英业达股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a servo system and a method for setting an address of a distribution unit. The servo system comprises a plurality of servos, a rack management unit and a plurality of distribution units. The rack management unit comprises a plurality of network connection interfaces, and a position serial number is respectively configured to each of network connection interfaces. The distribution units are used for managing the power distribution of servos, and the distribution units are respectively configured to network connection interfaces. The distribution units receive corresponding position serial numbers through network connection interfaces and set network addresses in accordance with position serial numbers. Therefore, the rack management unit can set network addresses of distribution units without dynamic host configuration protocols.

Description

伺服器系统及配电单元的地址设定方法 Address of the server system and the method of setting a power distribution unit

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种伺服器管理技术,尤其涉及一种伺服器系统及配电单元的地址设定方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a management server technology, and particularly relates to a method for setting the address server system and the power distribution unit.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 由于云端科技的应用逐渐普及,许多企业依据其所提供的云端服务或是业务需求而设置了许多伺服器,并将这些伺服器整合成可集中管理的机架(RACK)设备,藉以节省伺服器群组的管理成本。 [0002] due to the application of cloud technology is becoming more common, many companies offer cloud services based on their business needs or set up many servers, and integrate these servers into a rack (RACK) device can be centrally managed, in order to server management cost savings group. 因为摆放位置的关系,机架设备中的伺服器被区分为多个区域(Zone),机架设备也配置对应数量的智能型配电器(smart Power Distribution Unit ;smart PDU)以分配电源给每个区域中的伺服器。 Because of the placement of the rack server device is divided into a plurality of regions (Zone) area, the rack device is also arranged a corresponding number of distributor intelligent (smart Power Distribution Unit; smart PDU) to allocate power to each regions in the server.

[0003] 智能型配电器可以收集其负责区域中的伺服器的电流、电压、温度、硬件状态...等即时信息与环境参数,并将这些信息通过网络传送给机架管理控制器(RackManagement Controller ;RMC)。 [0003] Smart distributor server can collect its current, voltage, temperature, hardware status area of ​​responsibility ... instant information and environmental parameters, and this information is transmitted to the rack through the network management controller (RackManagement Controller; RMC). 机架管理控制器也会通过网络将控制指令发送给这些智能型配电器。 The rack management controller will send control commands through the network to the intelligent distributor. 藉此,现今的机架管理控制器、智能型配电器以及每个区域中的伺服器皆通过动态主机设定协定(Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol ;DHCP)来加入相同的网域,并取得对应的网络协定(Internet Protocol ;IP)地址。 In this way, the rack management controller, intelligent and distributor in each region of today's servers are set by Dynamic Host Agreement (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol; DHCP) to join the same domain, and obtain corresponding network Agreement (Internet Protocol; IP) address.

[0004] 为了要让机架管理控制器得知每个智能型配电器与其IP地址的关系,便需通过DHCP协定才能建立出每台智能型配电器以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,以作为机架管理控制器收集环境参数、下达控制指令至特定智能型配电器的依据。 [0004] In order to make the rack management controller that each intelligent distributor relationship with its IP address, they need to build a smart address of each distributor and their corresponding IP addresses by DHCP protocol list, as the rack management controller to collect environmental parameters, according to the control command issued to a specific intelligent distributor of. 然而,由于机架设备内的伺服器与环境控制装置(例如,上述的机架管理控制器以及智能型配电器)皆使用共同网域以连接至外部网络,因此,环境控制装置受到破坏或瘫痪的机率大增。 However, since the environmental control apparatus and the server in the rack device (e.g., the above-described rack management controller and intelligent distributor) are used to connect to a common external network domain, therefore, environmental controls damage or paralysis the greatly increased probability. 此外,当DHCP协定失效或是其中一台智能型配电器故障更换时,机架管理控制器便需再次并通过DHCP协定来重新调整其地址对应列表,否则机架管理控制器便无法与更新后的智能型配电器进行通ί目。 In addition, when the DHCP agreement fails or one of the intelligent type with electrical failure Replace the rack management controller again and will need to re-adjust via DHCP protocol address corresponding to its list, or else the rack management controller and can not be updated after intelligent distributor conducted through ί head.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明提供一种伺服器系统,此伺服器系统通过网域之间的分离,以降低环境控制装置受到破坏或瘫痪的机率。 [0005] The present invention provides a server system, the server system by the separation between the domains in order to reduce the probability of damage or environmental controls paralysis. 并且,伺服器系统不需通过动态主机配置协定便可设定配电单元的网络地址,节省机架管理单元的运算效能。 Further, the server system without going through a dynamic host configuration protocol network address can be set to the power distribution unit, the rack management save computing power unit.

[0006] 此外,本发明提供一种配电单元的地址设定方法,其可使机架管理单元不需通过动态主机配置协定便可设定配电单元的网络地址,也不需通过繁杂的方式来产生出配电单元以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,以节省机架管理单元的运算效能。 [0006] Further, there is provided a power distribution unit address setting method of the present invention, which enables the rack management unit does not need a dynamic host configuration protocol through network address can be set to the power distribution unit, but also complicated by the need address ways to produce power distribution unit and the IP address of the corresponding list, in order to save computing power rack management unit.

[0007] 本发明提出一种伺服器系统,此伺服器系统包括多个伺服器、机架管理单元以及至少一个配电单元。 [0007] The present invention provides a server system, the server system comprising a plurality of servers, the rack management unit and at least one power distribution unit. 机架管理单元包括至少一个网络连接端口,且此机架管理单元对每一个网络连接端口分别配置一个位置编号。 The rack management unit comprises at least one network connecting port, and this rack management unit for each network port are disposed a position number. 配电单元用以管理所述伺服器的电源分配,而所述配电单元将会被分别配置并连接至所述网络连接端口。 Distribution unit for managing said power distribution server, and the power distribution unit are respectively arranged and will be connected to the network connection port. 其中,上述配电单元可通过所述网络连接端口其中之一以接收对应的位置编号,并依据此位置编号来设定自身的网络地址。 Wherein the power distribution unit may be connected to the network through one of the ports wherein the position corresponding to the received ID and position number is set according to this own network address. [0008] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的配电单元在进行初始化时,将会依据所述的位置编号来查询地址对应表,藉以取得自身的网络地址,并依据此网络地址来初始化此配电单元中的网络连线单元。 [0008] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described distribution unit during initialization, the query will be numbered according to the position corresponding to the address table, thereby obtaining the network address itself, and based on this network address to initialize this network connection means of the power distribution unit.

[0009] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的机架管理单元在初始化完毕后,将检测配电单元是否存在,并依据伺服器管理程序通过配电单元监测该些伺服器。 [0009] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described rack management unit, after completion of initialization, the power distribution unit detecting the presence or absence, and the server based on server management program to monitor the plurality of power distribution units through.

[0010] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的机架管理单元包括一交换器(switch)以及一控制单元。 [0010] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described rack management unit comprises a switch (switch) and a control unit. 此交换器包括所述的网络连接端口以及以太网络(Ethernet)控制器。 This exchanger comprises a connection port and the Ethernet network (Ethernet) controller. 以太网络控制器耦接所述的网络连接端口,藉以控制这些网络连接端口的网络连线。 A controller coupled to the Ethernet network port, thereby controlling the network connecting port network connection. 控制单元则可通过一对内网络连线单元来耦接至以太网络控制器,以通过此以太网络控制器来连线至所述的配电单元。 The control unit may be coupled via an internal network connection unit connected to the Ethernet controller, the power distribution unit in order to connect to the Ethernet controller through this.

[0011] 在本发明的一实施例中,上述的网络连接端口为双绞线连接端口(RJ45 port),且此机架管理单元利用此网络连接端口中并未使用的4个接脚来分别配置上述的位置编号。 [0011] In an embodiment of the present invention, the above-described network connecting port is a twisted pair port (RJ45 port), and this rack management unit using four port pins in this network is not used to respectively arranging the position number.

[0012] 以另一角度而言,本发明提出一种配电单元的地址设定方法,此地址设定方法适用于具有多个配电单元的伺服器系统中。 [0012] In another aspect, the present invention provides an address A power distribution unit setting method, this method is suitable for address setting server system having a plurality of distribution units. 此地址设定方法包括下列步骤:设置一机架管理单元,其中此机架管理单元包括多个网络连接端口,每个网络连接端口则分别配置一个位置编号。 This address setting method comprising the steps of: providing a frame management unit, this rack management unit comprises a plurality of network ports, each port of the network are arranged a position number. 配置所述的配电单元至所述的网络连接端口。 Configuring the power distribution unit to the network connection port. 以及,每个配电单元分别通过这些网络连接端口其中之一来接收对应的位置编号,并且依据此位置编号设定自身的网络地址。 And each power distribution unit respectively connected to receive a corresponding position number one of the ports through which these networks, and the position number is set according to this own network address. 配电单元的地址设定方法的其余实施细节请参照上述说明,在此不加赘述。 Remaining implementation details of a method of setting the address of the switching unit, refer to the above description, which is not further described herein.

[0013] 换句话说,本发明提出一种伺服器系统。 [0013] In other words, the present invention provides a server system. 此伺服器系统包括多个伺服器、包括M个网络连接端口的机架管理单元以及N个配电单元,其中M、N为正整数且N < M。 This server system comprises a plurality of servers, comprising a network port M rack management unit and the power distribution unit of N, where M, N is a positive integer and N <M. 机架管理单元对M个网络连接端口分别配置M个位置编号。 Rack management unit connected to the network port of the M M position numbers are arranged. 这些配电单元则用以管理这些伺服器的电源分配,且N个配电单元分别被配置于M个网络连接端口。 The distribution unit is configured to manage the power distribution server, and the N power distribution unit are arranged in a network connected to the M ports. 其中,第i个配电单元通过第j个网络连接端口接收第j个位置编号,并依据第j个位置编号设定第i个配电单元的网络地址,i与j为正整数,I彡i彡N且I彡j彡M。 Wherein, the i-th unit is connected via the power distribution network ports receiving the j-th position of the j-th number, and setting the network address number i-th power distribution unit according to the j-th position, i and j are positive integers, the I San San San i j I N and M. San

[0014] 基于上述,本发明实施例中的伺服器系统将伺服器对外连线的网域以及机架管理单元与配电单元的网域相互分离,以降低环境控制装置受到破坏或瘫痪的机率。 [0014] Based on the above, the server system in the embodiment of the present invention, the external connection to the server domain and domain management unit rack and a power distribution unit separated from each other to reduce environmental damage or paralysis control apparatus probability . 此外,本实施例将机架管理单元中每个网络连接端口分别配置一个位置编号,以使配电单元可直接依据此位置编号自行设定内部网络的地址。 Further, the present embodiment the rack management unit arranged separately for each network port number one position, so that the power distribution unit may be directly set based on this address position number own internal network. 藉此,便不需通过动态主机配置协定便可设定这些配电单元的网络地址,机架管理单元也不需通过繁杂的方式来产生出配电单元以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,并可同时节省机架管理单元的运算效能。 Accordingly, they do not need a dynamic host configuration protocol through network address can be set to the power distribution unit, the rack management unit may also need to produce a power distribution unit and its IP address by way of complex corresponding to the address list, and computing performance while saving can rack management unit.

[0015] 为让本发明的上述特征和优点能更明显易懂,下文特举实施例,并配合附图作详细说明如下。 [0015] In order to make the above features and advantages of the invention more comprehensible, several embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是依照本发明一实施例所述的一种伺服器系统的示意图。 [0016] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a server according to one embodiment of a system according to the present invention.

[0017] 图2是图1的机架管理单元以及配电单元的详细示意图。 [0017] FIG. 2 is a detailed schematic diagram of the power distribution unit and the rack management unit of FIG.

[0018] 图3是依照本发明一实施例说明配电单元的地址设定方法的流程图。 [0018] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of an address setting method of the present invention is illustrated an embodiment of the power distribution unit. [0019] 图4用以说明机架管理单元在此地址设定方法中的流程图。 [0019] FIG 4 a flow chart rack management unit at this address setting method of FIG.

[0020] 图5用以说明配电单元在此地址设定方法中的流程图。 [0020] The flowchart of FIG. 5 for the power distribution unit in the address setting method is described.

[0021] 主要元件符号说明: [0021] Description of Symbols principal elements:

[0022] 100:伺服器系统 [0022] 100: Server System

[0023] 110 〜134:伺服器 [0023] 110 ~134: Server

[0024] 140 〜142:配电单元(PDU) [0024] 140 ~142: Power Distribution Unit (PDU)

[0025] 150:机架管理单元(RMC) [0025] 150: rack management unit (RMC)

[0026] 155:交换器 [0026] 155: switch

[0027] 160〜162:周边装置 [0027] 160~162: peripheral device

[0028] 210〜212:网络连接端口 [0028] 210~212: network connecting port

[0029] 220:以太网络控制器 [0029] 220: Ethernet controller

[0030] 230〜232:控制晶片[0031 ] 240〜242:网络介面 [0030] 230~232: controlling the wafer [0031] 240~242: Network Interface

[0032] 250:控制单元 [0032] 250: control unit

[0033] 260:对内网络介面 [0033] 260: internal network interface

[0034] 270:对外网络介面 [0034] 270: the external network interface

[0035] 280〜282:网络连接端口 [0035] 280~282: network connecting port

[0036] S310 〜S540:步骤 [0036] S310 ~S540: Step

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0037] 现将详细参考本发明的示范性实施例,在附图中说明所述示范性实施例的实例。 [0037] will now be detailed with reference to exemplary embodiments of the present invention, an example embodiment of the exemplary embodiments in the accompanying drawings. 另外,凡可能之处,在附图及实施方式中使用相同标号的元件/构件/符号代表相同或类似部分。 Wherever possible, the same reference numerals elements / components / symbol represents the same or like parts in the accompanying drawings and embodiments.

[0038] 图1是依照本发明一实施例所述的一种伺服器系统100的示意图。 [0038] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a server according to one embodiment of a system according to the present invention 100. 伺服器系统100包括多个伺服器110〜134、机架管理单元(Rack Management Unit ;RMC) 150以及N个配电单元(Power Distribution Unit ;PDU), N为正整数。 The server system 100 includes a plurality of servers 110~134, the rack management unit (Rack Management Unit; RMC); a positive integer, N 150 and N is a power distribution unit (PDU Power Distribution Unit). 于本实施例中,在此以3个配电单元140〜142作为举例,亦即N等于3。 In this embodiment, the distribution unit 3 in this way of example 140~142, i.e. N = 3. 本发明实施例所述的伺服器系统100也可以称作是一个机架(Rack)设备。 The server system according to the embodiment of the present invention 100 may also be referred to as a rack (Rack) devices.

[0039] 由于在伺服器系统100中摆放位置的关系,这些伺服器被区分为多个区域。 [0039] Since the position of the placement relationship between the server system 100, these servers are divided into a plurality of regions regions. 例如,伺服器110〜114、120〜124、130〜134分别为同一区域中的伺服器。 For example, a server 110~114,120~124,130~134 each server is the same region. 每一区域则分别配置有配电单元140〜142、周边装置160〜162...等配备。 Each region of the power distribution unit are respectively disposed 140~142, 160~162 ... etc. with the peripheral device. 配电单元140〜142主要功能是管理其负责区域中各个伺服器110〜134的电源分配,换句话说,配电单元140〜142用以分配电源至其负责区域中的各个伺服器110〜134。 The main function of the power distribution unit 140~142 each server is managing its area of ​​responsibility 110~134 power distribution, in other words, the power distribution unit for distributing power to each of 140~142 110~134 server in its area of ​​responsibility .

[0040] 除此以夕卜,配电单元140〜142也可以为智能型配电器(smart PowerDistribution Unit ;smart PDU),其除了分配电源的功能以外,也收集其负责区域中的伺服器的电流、电压、温度、硬件状态...等即时信息与环境参数,并将这些信息通过网络传送给机架管理单元150。 [0040] In addition to Xi Bu, power distribution units 140~142 may be a smart distributor; current, which in addition to the power distribution function, which is also responsible for collecting area server (smart PowerDistribution Unit smart PDU) , voltage, temperature, ... hardware status information and instant environment parameters, and passes the information to the rack management unit 150 via the network. 机架管理单元150藉由这些环境信息来进行每个区域的环境判读,并依据这些环境信息来随时调整周边装置160〜162的使用,以随时调整每个区域的温度、湿度等环境信息。 The rack management unit 150 by ambient environment information to interpret each region, and based on the surrounding environment information adjusting apparatus used at any time of 160~162, each zone at any time to adjust the temperature, humidity and other environmental information. 于本实施例中,周边装置160〜162例如是风扇、水冷设备...等环境冷却装置。 In the present embodiment, the peripheral device is a fan, for example, 160~162, ... environmental cooling equipment cooling apparatus.

[0041] 在现今的作法中,机架管理单元150、配电单元140〜142以及伺服器110〜134皆通过具有共同区域网络(LAN)的交换器(switch)或是集线器(hub),并藉由以太网络进行网络连线。 [0041] In the current practice, the rack management unit 150, and a power distribution unit 140~142 110~134 are the server by the switch (switch) has a common area network (LAN) or a hub (Hub), and by Ethernet network connection. 于本实施例中,架管理单元150便包括有一交换器155,此交换器155上则包括有多个专用于以太网络协定(例如,100Base-TX)的双绞线连接端口。 In this embodiment, the rack management unit 150 will include a switch 155, the switch on this 155 comprises a plurality of dedicated Ethernet protocol (e.g., 100Base-TX) twisted pair port. 由于伺服器110〜134需要对外进行通信,因此伺服器110〜134所在的区域网络便需进行对外连线。 Because the external server 110~134 need to communicate, and therefore LAN server 110~134 where they need to be outside connection. 如此一来,环境控制装置(例如,机架管理单元150以及配电单元140)由于对外网络的因素(例如黑客、不知名封包..等)而受到破坏或瘫痪的机率便会增加。 Thus, the probability of environmental controls (e.g., the rack management unit 150, and a power distribution unit 140) since the external network element (e.g. a hacker, unknown packet .. etc.) or paralysis damaged will increase.

[0042] 此外,为了要让机架管理单元150得知每个配电单元140〜142与其IP地址的关系,便需通过DHCP协定所产生的IP地址与媒体存取控制(Media Access Control ;MAC)地址的交换列表,配合配电单元140〜142中已知的MAC地址,才能建立出配电单元140〜142以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,以作为机架管理单元150收集环境参数、下达控制指令至特定配电单元140〜142的依据。 [0042] Further, in order to make the rack management unit 150 that the relationship between each of the power distribution unit 140~142 its IP address, the IP address of the media will be generated by the required DHCP access control protocol (Media Access Control; MAC ) exchange a list of addresses, with the power distribution unit 140~142 known MAC address, in order to establish a power distribution unit 140~142 address and the IP address of the corresponding list, the rack management unit 150 as a collection of environmental parameters, Release according to a specific control command to the power distribution unit 140~142. 如果DHCP协定失效时,也会连带让这些环境控制装置失效。 If DHCP agreement fails, it will jointly make these environmental control system failure. 此外,机架管理单元150便需再次并通过DHCP协定来重新调整配电单元140〜142以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,否则机架管理单元150便无法与更新后的配电单元140〜142进行通信。 In addition, the rack management unit 150 and will need to re-adjust the power distribution unit 140~142 address and its IP address via DHCP protocol corresponding list again, otherwise you can not rack management unit 150 and the updated power distribution units 140~142 communicate.

[0043] 于此,本发明实施例的精神在于,伺服器系统100将伺服器110〜134所在的区域网络以及配电单元140〜142所在的区域网络相互分离,藉以降低环境控制装置受到破坏或瘫痪的机率。 [0043] thereto, the spirit of embodiments of the present invention that the LAN 100 and the LAN server distribution unit located 140~142 110~134 server system located separate from each other, thereby reducing damage or environmental controls chance of paralysis. 此外,本发明实施例的机架管理单元150将其包括的多个网络连接端口分别配置有位置编号。 Further, the rack management unit of the embodiment of the present invention comprises a network 150 to a plurality of connection ports are arranged position number. 藉此,每个配电单元140〜142在分配/耦接到对应的网络连接端口之后,可以立即依据此位置编号而取得其对应的网络地址,并通过此网络地址来设定自身的网络地址。 Whereby, after each power distribution unit 140~142 dispensing / coupled to a corresponding network port, immediately to acquire the network address of the corresponding location according to this number, and sets its own network address this network address . 因而,伺服器系统100可以不需要不需通过繁杂的DHCP协定来产生出配电单元140〜142以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,节省机架管理单元150的运算效能。 Thus, server system 100 may not require an address need not be generated and the power distribution unit 140~142 the IP address of the corresponding list, saving computing performance by the rack management unit 150 complex DHCP protocol. 以下举一实例以佐证本发明。 The following examples are provided to give a support of the present invention.

[0044] 图2是图1的机架管理单元150以及配电单元140〜142的详细示意图。 [0044] FIG. 2 is a detailed schematic diagram of the rack management unit 150, and a power distribution unit 140~142 FIG. 如图2所示,机架管理单元150包括交换器155以及控制单元250。 As shown in FIG 2, the rack management unit 150 includes a switch 155 and a control unit 250. 交换器155包括M个网络连接端口以及一以太网络控制器220,M为正整数且N < M。 M switch 155 includes a network port and the Ethernet controller 220, M is a positive integer and N <M. 以太网络控制器220耦接至M个网络连接端口,其可控制这些网络连接端口的网络连线。 Ethernet controller 220 is coupled to the M ports connected to the network, which may be controlled These network connectivity network connection port. 藉此可知,交换器155必须提供足够数量的网络连接端口,藉以让配电单元140〜142皆可位于同一个区域网络中,或是可利用集线器来增加交换器155的网络连接端口,以作为此区域网络的延伸。 Whereby it is seen that switch 155 must provide a sufficient number of network connection ports, so as to let the power distribution unit in the same zone Jieke 140~142 network, or hub may be utilized to increase the switch network connecting port 155, as this extension of the LAN. 于本实施例中,在此以3个网络连接端口210〜212做为举例(亦即M等于3),并将配电单元140〜142所位在的区域网络称为内部网络,藉以区别于伺服器110〜134所位在的区域网络(或称为外部网络)。 In this embodiment, the connection to the network port 3 as Examples 210~212 (i.e., M equals 3), and the power distribution units 140~142 are located in the network is called an internal LAN, so as to distinguish the server 110~134 bits in the LAN (or external networks).

[0045] 于本实施例中,为了突显内部网络以及配电单元140〜142的地址设定方法,在此并没有显示出伺服器Iio〜134以及用以建构外部网络的交换机。 [0045] In the present embodiment, in order to highlight the internal network address setting method and a power distribution unit of 140~142, and this does not show Iio~134 server and a switch used to construct the external network. 而于部分实施例中,上述用以建构外部网络的交换器也可以配置于机架管理单元150中,或是,将交换器155的网络连接端口切割为两个子网域,其中一个子网域给予内部网络使用,另一个子网域则给予网络网络使用。 And in some embodiments the external network to construct the exchanger may be arranged in the rack management unit 150, or the switch network connecting port 155 is cut into two subdomains, wherein a subdomain administration internal network, the other network is given to the sub-domain networks.

[0046] 机架管理单元150中的控制单元250则包括有对内网络介面260与对外网络介面270。 [0046] The rack management unit 150 of the control unit 250 includes a network interface 260 and the internal interface 270 in external network. 因此,控制单元250通过对内网络介面260(或者称为对内网络连线单元)来耦接至以太网络控制器220,并可通过以太网络控制器220来连线至内部网络与配电单元140〜142,以与这些配电单元140〜142发出控制信号、进行环境信息的传递,或是藉由内部网络来控制周边装置160〜162。 Thus, the control unit 250 through the internal network interface 260 (referred to as internal or network connection means) to be coupled to the Ethernet controller 220, and to connect to the internal network 220 and the Ethernet controller through the power distribution unit 140~142, 140~142 with the power distribution unit which issues a control signal, the transmission environment information, or by the internal network to control peripheral devices 160~162. 另一方面,控制单元250也可通过对外网络介面270 (或者称为对外网络连线单元)与外部网络进行通信,藉以得知伺服器110〜134的运作情况。 On the other hand, the control unit 250 may also communicate with an external network through the external network interface 270 (alternatively referred to as the external network connection means), in order that the operation of the server 110~134. 例如,对外网络介面270可连线至伺服器110〜134所在的另一台交换器。 For example, the external network interface 270 can connect to another server 110~134 exchanger located.

[0047] 配电单元140〜142则分别包括有对应的网络连接端口280〜282、控制晶片230〜232以及网络介面240〜242。 [0047] The distribution unit 140~142 respectively include a corresponding network port 280~282, 230~232, and a network interface controller chip 240~242. 于本实施例中,网络介面240〜242可以是以太网络控制器,藉以通过以太网络与机架管理单元150进行通信。 In this embodiment, the network interface may be an Ethernet controller 240~242, so as to communicate via Ethernet rack management unit 150.

[0048] 在此特别说明的是,伺服器系统100利用交换器155来形成内部网络,但是又不希望让机架管理单元150通过DHCP协定及交换器155对配电单元140〜142进行IP地址分配,造成机架管理单元150的多余负担。 [0048] It is particularly noted that the server system 100 using the switch 155 to form an internal network, but do not want to let the rack management unit 150 and the IP address via DHCP protocol power distribution unit 155 switches 140~142 allocation, resulting in unnecessary burden rack management unit 150. 因此,本发明实施例便在机架管理单元150中每个网络连接端口210〜212分别配置一个位置编号,使得配电单元140〜142可通过其所连接的网络连接端口210〜212以接收对应的位置编号,并且依据此位置编号来设定自身的网络地址。 Thus, embodiments will 210~212 connection port 150 in each of the network management unit are arranged a rack position number, so that the power distribution units 140~142 may be connected through the network of the present invention, it is connected to receive a corresponding port 210~212 the position number, and based on this position number to set its own network address.

[0049] 在此详述机架管理单元150如何分配网络连接端口210〜212中的位置编号。 [0049] In this detailed description of how the rack management unit 150 connected to a distribution network port numbers 210~212 of position. 由于本实施例中皆采用双绞线式以太网络(例如,IOOMbps的100BASE-TX标准)进行网络连线,因此,以太网络所使用的双绞线连接器采用RJ45缆线接头。 Since the present embodiment are twisted pair Ethernet type (e.g., IOOMbps the 100BASE-TX standard) network connections, and therefore, twisted pair Ethernet connectors used with RJ45 cable splice. 虽然RJ45缆线接头具有8个脚位,但是100BASE-TX标准的以太网络仅只利用第1、2条线作为信号发送(Tx),并利用第3、6条线作为信号接收(Rx)。 While the RJ45 cable connector having 8 pins, but the standard 100BASE-TX Ethernet using only been used as first and second signal transmission lines (the Tx), and using as the signal lines 3,6 reception (Rx). 因此,本发明实施例便利用RJ45缆线接头内并未被以太网络使用的4条线作为位置编号的输入输出接脚(10 pins),也就是在RJ45缆线接头中未被利用到的第4、5、7、8条线。 Thus a first embodiment of the present invention will not use four wires are used within Ethernet RJ45 cable joint position number as input and output pins (10 pins), RJ45 cable joint that is not utilized to 4,5,7,8 line.

[0050] 换句话说,机架管理单元150将网络连接端口210〜212中并未以太网络使用的4条线作为输入输出接脚,将网络连接端口210〜212内的4条接脚分别耦接至数位高电压(例如,3.3V)或是数位低电压(例如,0V),藉以形成位置编号,并让每个网络连接端口210〜212中的位置编号各不相同。 [0050] In other words, the rack management unit 150 connected to the network line 4 are not used by Ethernet port 210~212 output pin as an input, the network connecting port 4 pins respectively coupled within 210~212 connected to a digital high voltage (e.g., 3.3V) or digital low voltage (e.g., 0V), thereby forming the position number, network location and so that each connection port numbers in different 210~212. 举例而言,可将网络连接端口210中的输入输出接脚全部耦接数位低电压,以形成“0000b”,也就是位置编号为“00”;将网络连接端口211中输入输出接脚的第8条线耦接数位高电压,而将第4、5、7条线耦接数位低电压,以形成位置编号“0001b”,也就是位置编号为“01”,并依此类推。 For example, the network connection port 210 of the input-output pin all coupled digital low voltage, so as to form a "0000b", that is, the position number is "00"; the network connection port 211 in the input and output pins of 8 digit line coupled to a high voltage, and the article 5, 7 digit line is coupled a low voltage, so as to form the position number "0001b", that is, the position number is "01", and so on.

[0051] 藉此,配电单元140〜142将会被分别配置并连接至交换器155中的网络连接端口210〜212上,而配电单元140〜142便可分别通过其控制晶片230〜232,并依据分别耦接的网络连接端口210〜212中所对应输入输出接脚来接收对应的位置编号。 [0051] Accordingly, the power distribution unit will 140~142 are respectively arranged and connected to the switch 155 in the network connection port 210~212, 140~142 and the power distribution unit which controls the wafer can be respectively 230~232 and based on the network connection respectively coupled to the input and output ports to 210~212 corresponding pin receiving position corresponding number. 然后,配电单元140〜142便再进行初始化时,便可依据其接收到的位置编号来查询一地址对应表,以取得每个配电单元140〜142所对应的网络地址。 Then, when they no longer power distribution units 140~142 are initialized, the position can be based on the number of queries it receives an address correspondence table to acquire each power distribution unit 140~142 corresponding network address. 上述的地址对应表可以预设于配电单元140〜142当中,也可以藉由使用者手动输入至配电单元140〜142。 Above may be preset in the address correspondence table 140~142 power distribution unit which may be manually input by the user to the power distribution units 140~142. 藉此,便可不需通过DHCP协定,或是在更换配电单元140〜142之后,新的配电单元140〜142便能够读取机架管理单元150中对于各个网络连接端口210〜212所设定的位置编号,藉以完成自身IP地址的设定。 Whereby, through the DHCP protocol can be without, or after replacing the power distribution unit 140~142, 140~142 new power distribution unit will be able to read the rack management unit 150 for each of the established network connection port 210~212 given the position number, in order to complete the set its own IP address.

[0052] 在此以下述的表(一)作为地址对应表的举例,以供应用本实施例者进行参考,本发明实施例则不受限于此。 [0052] In this Table the following (a) as an address correspondence table example, those used to supply embodiments of the present embodiment reference is, embodiments of the present invention is not limited thereto.

[0053]表(一) [0053] Table (a)

[0054] [0054]

Figure CN103179221AD00091

[0055] 此外,机架管理单元150的控制单元250在进行初始化时,会依据固定的网络地址(例如,“192.168.0.1”)来初始化对内网络介面260,以完善内部网络中的网络地址。 [0055] Further, the rack management unit 150 of the control unit 250 during initialization, will be based on a fixed network address (e.g., "192.168.0.1") to initialize the internal network interface 260, to improve the network address of the internal network . 并且,机架管理单元150还会与图1的伺服器110〜134通过DHCP协定来取得对外的网络地址。 Also, the rack management unit 150 also in Figure 1 110~134 server to obtain external network address via DHCP protocol. 藉此,机架管理单元150便依据此对外网络地址来初始化对外网络介面270。 Thus, the rack management unit 150 will be based outside this network address to initialize the external network interface 270.

[0056] 有鉴于此,机架管理单元150在初始化完毕后,将会检测这些配电单元140〜142是否存在,换句话说,将会检测这些配电单元140〜142是否耦接至对应的网络连接端口210〜212并已初始化完毕,然后,便可依据一伺服器管理程序,以通过这些配电单元140〜142来监测伺服器110〜134。 [0056] In view of this, the rack management unit 150 after the initialization is completed, distribution of these units 140~142 will detect whether there is, in other words, the power distribution unit will detect whether 140~142 coupled to a corresponding LAN port 210~212 and has been initialized, then, it can be based on a hypervisor server, server to be monitored by the power distribution unit 140~142 110~134.

[0057] 归纳上述,以另一角度而言,本发明实施例则是提出一种配电单元的地址设定方法。 [0057] summarized above, in another perspective, embodiments of the present invention is to provide a power distribution unit address setting method. 图3是依照本发明一实施例说明配电单元的地址设定方法的流程图。 FIG 3 is a flowchart of an address setting method of the present invention is illustrated an embodiment of the power distribution unit. 请同时参照图1与图3,此地址设定方法适用于具有多个配电单元140〜142的伺服器系统100中。 Referring to FIG. 1 and FIG. 3, the address setting method applicable to a plurality of power distribution units 140~142 in the server system 100. 首先。 First of all. 于步骤S310中,设置机架管理单元150,且此机架管理单元150包括多个网络连接端口210〜212。 In step S310, the rack management unit 150 is provided, and this rack management unit 150 includes a plurality of network ports 210~212. 每个网络连接端口分别配置一个位置编号。 Each network connection port are arranged a position number. 然后,于步骤S320中,配置配电单元140〜142到对应的网络连接端口210〜212。 Then, in step S320, the power distribution unit arranged to 140~142 210~212 corresponding network port. 以及,在步骤S330中,每个配电单元140〜142分别通过耦接的网络连接端口210〜212来接收对应的位置编号,并且依据此位置编号来设定自身的网络地址。 And, in step S330, each of the distribution units 140~142 are connected through the network port coupled to 210~212 corresponding to the received position number, position number and depending on this to set its own network address. 本实施例的部份细节步骤可参考上述实施例,在此不再赘述。 Details of step portions of the present embodiment with reference to the embodiments described above may be, are not repeated here.

[0058] 在此则是分别描述机架管理单元150以及配电单元140〜142两者的流程图。 [0058] In this flowchart it is 140~142 are both rack management unit 150 and a power distribution unit described. 图4用以说明机架管理单元150在此地址设定方法中的流程图。 FIG 4 a flow chart for the rack management unit 150 in this address setting method of FIG. 请同时参照图1、图2及图4,首先于步骤S410中,机架管理单元150在进行初始化时,会先依据固定网络地址来初始化对内网络介面260。 Referring to FIG. 1, FIG. 2 and FIG. 4, first in step S410, when the rack management unit 150 during initialization, will first internal network interface 260 according to a fixed network address to initialize. 并且,于步骤S420中,机架管理单元150会通过DHCP协定取得对外网络地址,以依据此对外网络地址来初始化对外网络介面270。 And, in step S420, the rack management unit 150 will be made in external network address via DHCP agreements to this based on the external network address to initialize the external network interface 270. 然后,于步骤420中,机架管理单元150在初始化完毕后会开始检测配电单元140〜142是否存在,并依据控制单元250中的伺服器管理程序以通过这些配电单元140〜142来监测伺服器110〜134。 Then, in step 420, the rack management unit 150 is initialized after a power distribution unit starts detecting whether there 140~142, and according to the control server unit 250 through the hypervisor to monitor the power distribution unit 140~142 server 110~134.

[0059] 图5用以说明每个配电单元140〜142在此地址设定方法中的流程图。 [0059] In the flowchart of FIG. 5 for this address setting method described in each of the distribution units 140~142. 请同时参照图1、图2及图5,并假设以配电单元140作为举例。 Referring to FIGS. 1, 2 and 5, and to the power distribution unit 140 is assumed by way of example. 于步骤S510中,当配电单元140在进行初始化时,配电单元140会从其耦接的机架管理单元150的网络连接端口210中接收到网络连接端口210所对应的位置编号(例如,表(一)中所述的位置编号“00”)。 In step S510, when the power distribution unit 140 during initialization, network distribution unit 140 is coupled from the rack management unit 150 receives connection port 210 is connected to the network port 210 corresponding to the position number (e.g., table (a) in the position number "00"). [0060] 于步骤S520中,配电单元140依据此位置编号来查询地址对应表,藉以取得对应的网络地址,例如是“192.168.0.2”。 [0060] In step S520, the power distribution unit 140 according to this number to look up the location address correspondence table, so as to obtain a corresponding network address, for example, "192.168.0.2". 并且,于步骤S530中,配电单元140会依据此网络地址“192.168.0.2”来初始化配电单元140中的网络介面240。 Then, in step S530, the distribution unit 140 will be based on this network address "192.168.0.2" to initialize the network interface 140 of the power distribution unit 240. 以及,于步骤S540中,配电单元140〜142配合机架管理单元150的伺服器管理程序来监测其负责区域中的伺服器110〜134。 And, in step S540, the power distribution unit 140~142 with the rack management unit 150 of the server management program to monitor its area of ​​responsibility 110~134 server.

[0061] 综上所述,本发明实施例中的伺服器系统将伺服器对外连线的网域以及机架管理单元与配电单元的网域(内部网络)相互分离,并使内部网络成为一个独立的网域,以降低环境控制装置受到破坏或瘫痪的机率。 [0061] In summary, embodiments of the present invention is a server system in the domain of the network (intranet) to connect the external domain server management unit and the power distribution rack unit separated from each other, and become the internal network a separate domain, to reduce environmental control means being the probability of damage or paralysis. 此外,本实施例将机架管理单元中每个网络连接端口分别配置一个位置编号,以使配电单元可直接依据此位置编号自行设定内部网络的地址。 Further, the present embodiment the rack management unit arranged separately for each network port number one position, so that the power distribution unit may be directly set based on this address position number own internal network. 藉此,便不需通过动态主机配置协定便可设定这些配电单元的网络地址,机架管理单元也不需通过繁杂的方式来产生出配电单元以及其IP地址的地址对应列表,并可同时节省机架管理单元的运算效能。 Accordingly, they do not need a dynamic host configuration protocol through network address can be set to the power distribution unit, the rack management unit may also need to produce a power distribution unit and its IP address by way of complex corresponding to the address list, and computing performance while saving can rack management unit.

[0062] 虽然本发明已以实施例揭示如上,但其并非用以限定本发明,任何所属技术领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明的精神和范围内,当可作适当的改动和同等替换,故本发明的保护范围应当以本申请权利要求所界定的范围为准。 [0062] While the invention has been disclosed in the above embodiments, but not intended to limit the present invention, any person skilled in the art, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, may make suitable modifications and equivalents may be substituted , so that the scope of the present invention should be defined by the claims of the present application scope of equivalents.

Claims (10)

  1. 1.一种伺服器系统,其特征在于,包括: 多个伺服器; 一机架管理单元,包括至少一网络连接端口,且该机架管理单元对该至少一网络连接端口分别配置一位置编号; 至少一配电单元,该至少一配电单元管理该些伺服器的电源分配,且该些配电单元分别被配置于该些网络连接端口, 其中,该至少一配电单元分别通过该些网络连接端口其中之一接收对应的该位置编号,并依据该位置编号设定自身的一网络地址。 A server system comprising: a plurality of servers; a rack management unit, comprising at least one network connecting port, and the rack management unit of the network at least one connection port are arranged a position number ; at least one power distribution unit, the at least one power distribution unit managing the plurality of power distribution server, and the plurality of power distribution unit are respectively disposed in the plurality of network connection port, wherein the at least one power distribution unit, respectively, through the plurality of wherein one of the network connection port corresponding to the received position number, and their number is set according to the network address of a location.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的伺服器系统,其中该至少一配电单元在进行初始化时,依据该位置编号查询一地址对应表以取得该网络地址,并依据该网络地址初始化该至少一配电单元中的一网络连线单元。 2. The server system according to claim 1, wherein the at least one power distribution unit when the initialization is performed, according to the position of a query number address correspondence table to get the network address and the network address according to the initialization with the at least one a network connection unit electrically unit.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的伺服器系统,其中该机架管理单元在进行初始化时,依据一固定网络地址初始化一对内网络连线单元,并通过一动态主机配置协定取得一对外网络地址,以依据该对外网络地址初始化一对外网络连线单元。 3. The server system according to claim 1, wherein the rack management unit when performing initialization, an initialization of internal network connection unit according to a fixed network address, and obtain a network address outside a dynamic host configuration protocol to the external network address according to the Foreign initialize a network connection unit.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的伺服器系统,其中该机架管理单元在初始化完毕后,检测该至少一配电单元是否存在,并依据一伺服器管理程序通过该至少一配电单元监测该些伺服器。 The server system according to claim 1, wherein the rack management unit, upon completion of initialization, the at least one power distribution unit detecting whether there is, and a server manager according to the power distribution unit through the at least one monitoring some servers.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的伺服器系统,其中该机架管理单元包括: 一交换器,该交换器包括: 该至少一网络连接端口;以及一以太网络控制器,耦接至该至少一网络连接端口,用以控制该至少一网络连接端口的网络连线;以及一控制单元,通过一对内网络连线单元耦接至该以太网络控制器,以通过该以太网络控制器连线至该至少一配电单元。 The server system according to claim 1, wherein the rack management unit comprises: a switch, the switch comprising: at least one network connection port; and an Ethernet controller, coupled to the at least one network connecting port for controlling at least one network connection to the network connection port; and a control unit, connected to the Ethernet controller via a network connection unit is coupled to the inner, through connection to the Ethernet controller the at least one power distribution unit.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的伺服器系统,其中该至少一网络连接端口为至少一双绞线连接端口,且该机架管理单元利用该至少一双绞线连接端口中并未使用的4个接脚来分别配置该位置编号。 4 6. The server system according to claim 1, wherein the at least one network port for connection to at least one twisted pair connection port, and the rack management unit is twisted with the at least one connection port is not used a pin number to configure the position respectively.
  7. 7.一种配电单元的地址设定方法,适用于具有多个配电单元的一伺服器系统,其特征在于,该地址设定方法包括: 设置一机架管理单元,其中该机架管理单元包括多个网络连接端口,且每一网络连接端口分别配置一位置编号; 配置该些配电单元至该些网络连接端口;以及每一配电单元分别通过该些网络连接端口其中之一接收对应的该位置编号,并依据该位置编号设定自身的一网络地址。 A power distribution unit address setting method for use in a server system having a plurality of power distribution units, wherein the address setting method comprising: setting a frame management unit, wherein the rack management a network connection unit includes a plurality of ports, and each port connected to the network are arranged a position number; the plurality of power distribution unit configured to connect the plurality of network ports; distribution unit and each of the plurality of respectively one network connecting port which receives corresponding to the position number, and their number is set according to the network address of a location.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的地址设定方法,该些配电单元依据该位置编号设定自身的该网络地址包括下列步骤: 进行初始化时,每一配电单元依据该位置编号查询一地址对应表以取得该网络地址;以及每一配电单元依据该网络地址初始化每一配电单元中的一网络连线单元。 8. The address setting method according to claim 7, the plurality of power distribution unit according to the position number sets its own network address comprises the steps of: when initialized, each power distribution unit according to the address of a location number query correspondence table to obtain the network address; and each of the power distribution unit according to the network address of each power distribution unit initializing a network connection unit.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的地址设定方法,还包括下列步骤: 进行初始化时,该机架管理单元依据一固定网络地址初始化该机架管理单元中的一对内网络连线单元;以及该机架管理单元通过一动态主机配置协定取得一对外网络地址,以依据该对外网络地址初始化该机架管理单元中的一对外网络连线单元。 9. The address setting method according to claim 7, further comprising the steps of: when initialized, the rack management unit initializes a network connection unit of the inner rack management unit according to a fixed network address; and the rack management unit made by a pair of external network address dynamic host configuration protocol to the external network address according to the initialization of the rack management unit of a unit of external network connection.
  10. 10.一种伺服器系统,其特征在于,包括: 多个伺服器; 一机架管理单元,包括M个网络连接端口,且该机架管理单元对M个网络连接端口分别配置M个位置编号,其中M为正整数;以及N个配电单元,每一配电单元管理该些伺服器的电源分配,且N个配电单元分别被配置于M个网络连接端口,N为正整数且N < M, 其中,第i个配电单元通过第j个网络连接端口接收第j个位置编号,并依据第j个位置编号设定第i个配电单元的一网络地址,i与j为正整数,I < i < N且I < j < M。 10. A server system comprising: a plurality of servers; a rack management unit, a network comprising the M ports, and the rack management unit of the M network connecting port position numbers are arranged M , where M is a positive integer; and N power distribution units, each distribution unit manages the plurality of power distribution server, and the N power distribution unit are arranged in a network connected to the M ports, N is a positive integer and N <M, wherein the receiving port number of the j-th position of the i-th distribution unit connected by a j-th network, and the network address of a set number of i-th power distribution unit according to the j-th position, i and j are positive integer, I <i <N and I <j <M.
CN 201110432372 2011-12-21 2011-12-21 Servo system and method for setting address of distribution unit CN103179221A (en)

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