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CN103177618B - Fire extinguishing training analog system of naval vessel and using method thereof - Google Patents

Fire extinguishing training analog system of naval vessel and using method thereof Download PDF

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CN103177618B
CN103177618B CN 201310132751 CN201310132751A CN103177618B CN 103177618 B CN103177618 B CN 103177618B CN 201310132751 CN201310132751 CN 201310132751 CN 201310132751 A CN201310132751 A CN 201310132751A CN 103177618 B CN103177618 B CN 103177618B
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system
extinguishing
vessel
training
naval
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CN103177618A (en )
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陈玉文
陈婧
唐小贝
田君良
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中国人民解放军海军军训器材研究所
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Abstract

一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法,其包括如下步骤:步骤A,组训人员根据训练计划需要,设定训练过程中的火情信息;步骤B,所述组训人员根据步骤A所采集的信息进行训练计划设计;步骤C,受训人员进行模拟灭火训练;步骤D,中控主机根据步骤B设定的参数控制训练服上的发热器件发热;步骤E,中控主机将所述模拟灭火器对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息进行比对,步骤F,组训人员判断受训人员的训练效果。 A method for training in extinguishing fires using ship simulation system, comprising the steps of: step A, according to the training plan of training personnel required, to set the fire information in the training process; step B, and according to the set of training personnel Step A performs information collection program design; procedure C, the trainee fire training simulation; procedure D, the control host control heating devices heat the training services according to the parameters set in step B; step E, the analog control host the fire extinguishing position information item corresponding to the image information extinguisher set of step B for comparison, step F, determination of training personnel training effect trainees. 本发明所提供的一种灭火训练模拟装置的使用方法,可以实施在现实舰艇环境中和普通模拟器上无法实现的特殊训练,训练内容全面。 A method for training in extinguishing fires using the simulation apparatus of the present invention is provided, may be implemented in a real special training and ordinary ship simulator environment can not be achieved, comprehensive training.

Description

一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法 Use in Ship fire training simulation system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及一种舰船训练模拟系统,特别是一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a ship training simulation system, particularly a ship using the method of training fire simulation system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 对于舰船训练来说,出于安全考虑,传统的灭火训练都不可能在舰船上进行,一般采用以下方法训练:一是在陆上较安全的地域点燃相关的燃料,产生小规模的油火、电火等各种类型的火焰;二是受训对象根据火焰类型选择使用泡沫、干粉、二氧化碳等相关的灭火器材;三是受训对象操纵灭火器材、选择适当的位置进行灭火行动;四是根据灭火时间、器材选择、灭火效果评估训练效果。 [0002] For the ship for training, for security reasons, the traditional fire-fighting training can not be performed on ships, generally use the following training methods: one is related to the fuel ignited on land safer areas, resulting in a small scale oil fires, and fire and other types of flame; two object selection is trained using a foam, dry powder, carbon dioxide fire extinguishers in accordance with the relevant type of flame; Third trained object manipulating fighting equipment, select the appropriate location for fire-fighting operations; Fourth, according to extinguishing time, equipment selection, fire impact assessment training.

[0003] 从以上训练过程可以看出,这种传统的灭火训练存在三点缺陷:一是训练内容受限。 [0003] As can be seen from the above training process, the presence of such defects in a conventional three fire training: First training content is limited. 由于在舰船以外的其它场所进行训练,而不是在舰船上进行灭火训练,因此,灭火者可以任意选择灭火位置,而感受不到舰船实际环境条件对灭火行动的影响。 Because in other places outside the training ship, rather than fire-fighting training on the ship, so that the fire extinguishing can select any location, while not feel the impact of environmental conditions on the ship actual fire-fighting operations. 在陆上可以选择的方向和位置,在舰船舱室内由于设备仪器和舱室布局等原因就可能无法选择,因此训练内容受限;二是训练真实感差。 In the direction and position of the land can be selected in the ship cabin cabin layout and equipment due to equipment and other reasons may not be selected, so the training content is limited; the second is the difference between realistic training. 与舰船上真实起火后灭火相比,在陆上安全地带点燃火焰进行灭火训练时,火焰规模小且火势基本不产生变化,真实感差,构建的训练环境无法使受训者获得身临其境的感觉。 Compared with real fire on the ship after the fire, lit the flame put out the fire training on land security zone, small-scale flame and the fire is basically no change, poor sense of reality, building training to enable trainees to get an immersive environment can not a feeling of. 因此,受训人员的心理紧张程度得不到体验,心理承受能力和现场反应能力得不到训练,而这种心理承受能力和现场反应能力往往对灭火效果产生直接的影响;三是环保和经济性差。 Therefore, the degree of psychological stress trainees get experience, mental capacity and lack of training on-site response capabilities, and this mental capacity and on-site response capabilities often have a direct impact on the extinguishing effect; Third, environmental and economic poor . 模拟训练的优势就在于安全、经济、环保、可控、无风险或低风险、不受气候条件和场地空间限制,而前述训练方法需要点燃油火等明火,需要消耗燃油、灭火剂等材料物质,存在一定的安全隐患,不利于环境保护,且极易受场地和气象条件限制。 The advantages of simulation training is that security, economic, environmental, controlled, risk-free or low-risk, free from weather conditions and floor space restrictions, and the aforementioned training methods need to fuel the fire and other fire point, need to consume fuel, fire extinguishing agent material substance there is a certain security risk, is not conducive to environmental protection and is highly vulnerable to weather and field conditions.

[0004] 中国专利CN 201974972U提供了一种模拟灭火器及系统,实现了基于激光或红外光的无明火的灭火训练平台,使灭火训练可以在无污染和安全的环境下进行,但是其训练环境依然无法使受训者获得身临其境的感觉,也即是舰艇受训人员的心理承受能力和现场反应能力还是得不到训练。 [0004] Chinese patent CN 201974972U provides an analog and a fire extinguisher system, achieved without fire extinguishing training platform based on laser or infrared light, the fire fighting training can be carried out under clean and safe environment, but the environment is still training unable to enable trainees to get a feel immersive, that is, mental capacity and ability to respond to the scene of naval trainees or get training.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明提供了一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法,以减少或避免前面所提到的问题。 [0005] The present invention provides a method of using training simulation ship extinguishing system, in order to reduce or avoid the aforementioned problems.

[0006] 为解决上述问题,本发明提出了一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法,所述舰船灭火训练模拟系统包括至少一个受训人员佩戴在身上的中控主机,一副受训人员佩戴的与所述中控主机连接的AR眼镜,至少一个受训人员携带的与所述中控主机连接的人员摄像头,所述人员摄像头视场中心与所述AR眼镜视场中心相重合,用于受训人员穿戴的训练月艮,所述训练服至少包括与所述中控主机连接的温控器、与所述温控器连接的电池以及发热器件,至少一个模拟灭火器,所述模拟灭火器设置有与所述中控主机连接的控制器,以及与所述控制器分别连接的操作部件、灭火器摄像头;所述使用方法包括如下步骤: [0006] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention proposes a method of using the fire suppression training simulation system of ship, said ship fire simulation system comprises at least one training trainees worn on the body of the host in the control, a trainees wear AR glasses are connected to the host controller, at least one person is connected to the camera control host trained personnel carrier, the camera field of view center of the art of the AR glasses field of view coincide at the center, for training Gen month training person wearing the suit comprises at least training connected with the thermostat control host, a battery and a heating device connected with the temperature controller, at least one analog fire extinguisher, a fire extinguisher is provided with analog the central control connected to the host controller, and an operation member connected to the controller, fire extinguishers camera; using the method comprising the steps of:

[0007] 步骤A,组训人员穿戴所述训练服,佩戴所述中控主机、所述AR眼镜、所述人员摄像头,进入训练场地,所述组训人员利用头部的所述人员摄像头对所述训练场地进行取景,所述中控主机根据所述人员摄像头采集到的影像信息对所述训练场地中的物品进行轮廓线信息采集,组训人员在所述中控主机上根据训练计划需要,设定训练过程中的火情信息; [0007] Step A, of training the training person wearing clothing, the control host wearing the AR glasses, the camera person, to enter the training ground, the head group of trainees using the camera of the art the framing training ground, the control host according to the person collecting the video camera field of information items for the training contour information collection, according to the need of training personnel training program on the control host , setting fire information during training;

[0008] 步骤B,所述组训人员根据步骤A所采集的信息进行训练计划设计,所述组训人员在所述中控主机上设定训练过程中的环境信息和火情信息,所述环境信息包括温度、湿度、风向风速等,所述火情信息包括着火物品、火焰类型、着火点、火焰烈度、着火面积等参数; [0008] Procedure B, the set of training personnel training program designed based on the information collected in step A, the set of training personnel and environmental information of the fire information in the training process in the control host, the environmental information including temperature, humidity, wind direction and wind speed, the fired article comprising a fire information, type of flame, the ignition point, the flame intensity and area of ​​fire parameters;

[0009] 步骤C,在指定时间内,受训人员穿上所述训练服,佩戴所述中控主机、所述AR眼镜、所述人员摄像头,手持所述模拟灭火器进入所述训练场地;当受训人员配戴所述AR眼镜的视场中包含步骤B设定的着火物品时,所述中控主机根据步骤B设定的火情信息生成相应火焰画面传送至所述AR眼镜上所述着火物品区域,所述受训人员通过所述AR眼镜可以看到真实物品上对应着火点区域的火焰画面并操作所述模拟灭火器进行模拟灭火训练; [0009] Procedure C, within the specified time, the trainees to wear training services, the control host wearing the AR glasses, the camera person, the hand-held fire extinguisher enters the simulated training ground; a trainee when the field of view of the person wearing the AR glasses fired article comprising the step of setting B, the fire control host to form the corresponding screen on the AR glasses is transmitted to the fired article in accordance with fire information set in step B region, the trainees can be seen by the AR glasses corresponding to the real ignition point of the article and the operation screen region of said flame analog fire extinguisher training simulation;

[0010] 步骤D,所述中控主机根据步骤B设定的所述环境信息和火焰烈度参数通过所述温控器控制所述训练服上的所述发热器件发热; [0010] Procedure D, said control host controlling the heating means on the training clothes heat by the temperature controller according to the environmental information and flame intensity parameter setting step B;

[0011] 步骤E,所述受训人员对所述模拟灭火器上的所述操作部件进行操作,并将操作时间信息经由所述控制器传送给所述中控主机,所述灭火器摄像头采集所述模拟灭火器对应的灭火位置影像信息经由所述控制器传送给所述中控主机,所述中控主机将所述模拟灭火器对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息进行比对, [0011] Step E, the trainees the operation member on said analog fire extinguisher is operated, and the operation time information to the control host via the controller, the camera capture said analog fire extinguisher fire extinguishers corresponding to the position information of the image transmitted to the controller via the control host, the host central control of the fire extinguisher to the position corresponding to the image information of step B fire simulation set item information for comparison ,

[0012] 当所述模拟灭火器类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息匹配,且所述操作部件处于被操作状态时,判断为有效灭火操作,所述中控主机根据所述环境信息、所述火情信息、所述有效灭火操作信息综合计算当前火情信息,控制火焰画面变化或熄灭,并将火焰画面变化结果实时传送至所述AR眼镜上,同时所述中控主机根据受训人员与着火物品的距离和所述火焰烈度、着火面积等参数计算并通过所述温控器对所述训练服上的所述发热器件进行加热控制,所述中控主机根据模拟灭火过程实时记录所述火情信息数据, [0012] When the analog video information and the fire position is set in step B of the fire extinguisher type and item information corresponding to the match, and the operation member is operated in the state, fire-extinguishing operation is determined to be valid, in the the host controls the environmental information, said fire information, operation information of the active extinguishing the fire information integrated current is calculated, or the change of the control picture extinguish the flame, the flame and the results of the screen changes to the real-time transmission of the AR glasses, while the calculation and control host of the heating control of the heating device on the training clothes by the temperature controller according to the trainees from the article and the ignition flame intensity and area of ​​fire parameters, the central control the host real time recording information data according to the analog fire extinguishing process,

[0013] 当所述模拟灭火器类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息不匹配,或者所述操作部件没有处于被操作状态时,判断为没有进行灭火操作,所述中控主机根据所述环境信息、步骤B设定的所述火情信息综合计算当前的火情信息,控制火焰画面变化,并将火焰画面变化结果实时传送至所述AR眼镜上,同时所述中控主机根据受训人员与着火物品的距离和所述火焰烈度、着火面积等参数计算并通过所述温控器对所述训练服上的所述发热器件进行加热控制,所述中控主机根据模拟灭火过程实时记录所述火情信息数据; [0013] When the analog type fire extinguishers and extinguishing the position corresponding to step B video information items set on fire information does not match, or the operation member is not in operating state, the operation determines that no fire, the control host according to the environmental information, the step B is set to calculate the current integrated fire information fire information, the screen changes to control the flame, and the flame picture changes on the results of real-time transmission to the AR glasses, while the calculation and control host of the heating control of the heating device on the training clothes by the temperature controller according to the trainees from the article and the ignition flame intensity and area of ​​fire parameters, the central control the host analog recording said fire extinguishing process in real time information data;

[0014] 步骤F,当步骤C的指定时间结束后,所述组训人员根据步骤E中所述中控主机中保留的实时记录的火情信息数据判断所述受训人员的训练效果。 [0014] Step F., When the specified time after the step C, the set of training the personnel trained personnel training effect is determined by the fire information data recorded in real time in step E the control host retained.

[0015] 本发明所提供的一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统及其使用方法,可在火灾容易发生的任何真实舰艇环境中进行灭火训练,通过真实场景与虚拟场景的融合,受训者可以清楚地“看”到现场起火后的火焰、烟尘,可以“看”到灭火器操作使用时灭火剂的“喷射”过程及其对火焰的实际控制效果,可以感受到火灾现场不同位置的灼热刺激,可以感受到火势增大或减弱的整体效果以及火灾现场的紧迫程度。 [0015] A ship fire training simulation system and method of use provided by the invention may be made in any real environment ship fire extinguishing training is likely to occur, and the virtual real scene by scene fusion, can be clearly trainee "see" the scene after the fire flame, smoke, can "see" the "jet" process operating extinguisher and fire extinguishing agent used to effect actual control of the flame, the fire scene can feel hot stimulation at different locations, you can feel the overall effect and the degree of urgency of the fire scene fire increased or reduced. 因此可以实施在现实舰艇环境中和普通模拟器上无法实现的特殊训练,训练内容全面,与普通模拟训练器材甚至实装训练相比,能够收到更好的训练效果。 Therefore, to implement special training in the real environment and the general ship simulator can not be achieved, comprehensive training, simulation and training equipment and even ordinary training compared to real equipment, can receive better training effect. 此外,训练过程安全、经济、环保、可控、无风险或低风险。 In addition, the training process safety, economic, environmental, controlled, no risk or low risk.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 以下附图仅旨在于对本发明做示意性说明和解释,并不限定本发明的范围。 [0016] The following drawings are only intended to be illustrative description and explanation of the invention, not to limit the scope of the present invention. 其中, among them,

[0017] 图1为根据本发明的一个具体实施例的一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的原理示意图; [0017] FIG. 1 is a schematic principle of a ship in accordance with training simulation system extinguishing a particular embodiment of the present invention;

[0018] 图2为图1所不的舰船灭火训练|旲拟系统的结构不意图; [0018] FIG. 2 is not a fire-fighting drill ship FIG | Dae proposed structure of the system is not intended;

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019] 为了对本发明的技术特征、目的和效果有更加清楚的理解,现对照附图说明本发明的具体实施方式。 [0019] For the technical characteristics of the invention, the objects and effects more clearly understood, reference now be described specific embodiments of the present invention the control of. 其中,相同的部件采用相同的标号。 Wherein the same parts are designated by the same reference numerals.

[0020] 下面参照附图详细说明根据本发明的一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的结构及其原理。 Detailed description of structure and principle of training fire simulation system according to one ship of the invention [0020] reference to the drawings.

[0021] 图1为根据本发明的一个具体实施例的一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的原理示意图;图2为图1所示的舰船灭火训练模拟系统的结构示意图;参见图1-2所示,本发明提供了一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统,其包括,至少一个受训人员佩戴在身上的中控主机1,用于数据计算和信息处理,一副受训人员佩戴的与所述中控主机I连接的AR眼镜2,用于实现真实环境与虚拟场景的合成显示,至少一个受训人员携带的与所述中控主机I连接的人员摄像头3,所述人员摄像头3视场中心与所述AR眼镜2视场中心相重合,用于受训人员穿戴的训练服4,所述训练服4至少包括与所述中控主机I连接的温控器41、与所述温控器41连接的电池42以及发热器件43,至少一个模拟灭火器5,所述模拟灭火器5设置有与所述中控主机I连接的控制器51,以及与所述控制器51分别连接的操作部件52、灭火 [0021] FIG. 1 is a schematic principle of a ship in accordance with training simulation extinguishing system according to the present invention a particular embodiment; FIG. 2 is a schematic structural fire training simulation system shown in Figure 1 is a ship; see Figure 1-2 , the present invention provides a fire fighting ship training simulation system, which comprises at least one trainee worn control host body 1, and information processing for calculating data, a person trained in the worn I AR glasses host controller 2 is connected, for the synthesis of displaying the virtual environment to realize the real scene, the at least one trainee who carried the camera control host connected to I 3, the camera person and the center of the field of view 3 2 said field of view coincides with the center of AR glasses for trainees to wear training clothes 4, comprising at least said training clothes 4 the thermostat 41 and control host connected to I connected to the thermostat 41 battery 42 and a heating device 43, at least one analog fire extinguisher 5, the controller 5 is provided with simulated fire extinguisher 51 is connected to the I control host, and the operating member 52 and the controller 51 are connected to the extinguishing 摄像头53。 Camera 53.

[0022] 增强现实技术(Augmented Reality Technique,简称AR),是在虚拟现实基础上发展起来的新技术,是一种通过计算机系统提供信息来增加用户对现实世界感知的技术。 [0022] Augmented Reality (Augmented Reality Technique, referred to as AR), it is a new technology developed in virtual reality on the basis of information provided by a computer system to increase user perception of the real world of technology. 它能够将计算机生成的虚拟物体、场景或系统提示等信息叠加到真实场景中,从而实现对现实世界的“增强”。 It can be computer-generated virtual objects, scenes or prompted other information superimposed onto the real scene, in order to achieve the real world "enhanced." 受训人员佩戴AR眼镜时,可以像使用普通眼镜一样通过AR眼镜看见真实环境,通过在AR眼镜上投影叠加虚拟场景信息,可以使受训人员产生身临其境的真实感觉,国内的中视典数字科技有限公司就提供有市售的AR眼镜产品。 When trainees wear AR glasses, can be used like ordinary eyeglasses to see a real environment through AR glasses, glasses projected by the AR overlay virtual scene information, the trainees can generate real feeling of being there, of the Code as domestic digital technology Ltd. provides products are sold under the AR glasses.

[0023] 所述人员摄像头3用于采集训练场景的影像信息并提供给所述中控主机1,以便所述中控主机I根据训练场景的影像信息提取训练场景内的物品轮廓线信息,从而用于在设计训练计划时定义着火点及着火区域。 [0023] The art camera 3 for collecting image information and providing training scenario to the control host 1, the host I control so that the video information in the training scenario to extract contour information items in the training scenario according thereby used to define the ignition point and the fire area in the design of training programs.

[0024] 所述训练服4用于使受训人员能够感受到真实火场的温度变化,所述电池42用于给所述发热器件43提供电能,所述温控器41用于控制所述发热器件43发热,这样受训人员的皮肤就可以感受到温度变化,所述温控器41由所述中控主机I进行控制。 [0024] The server 4 is for training trainees can feel the change in temperature of a real fire, the battery 42 is used to provide power to the heat generating device 43, the temperature controller 41 for controlling the heating means 43 fever, skin so that trained personnel can feel a temperature change, the temperature controller 41 is controlled by the control host I. 所述发热器件43可以是半导体发热膜。 The heating device 43 may heat the semiconductor film.

[0025] 所述模拟灭火器5设置有与所述中控主机I连接的控制器51,以及与所述控制器51分别连接的操作部件52、灭火器摄像头53。 [0025] The analog fire extinguisher 5 is provided with the controller 51 and control host connected to I, and an operation member 52 connected to the controller 51, the camera 53 extinguishers. 所述模拟灭火器5可以做成与真实的灭火器同样的外形,例如,当需要进行干粉灭火训练时,所述模拟灭火器5可以做成干粉灭火器的形状,所述操作部件52可以与真实灭火器的操作部件形状一致,这样受训人员在训练时就可以感受到真实灭火器的操作手感,所述灭火器摄像头53可以设置在所述模拟灭火器5所模拟的真实灭火器的喷嘴位置,这样所述灭火器摄像头53就可以采集到所述模拟灭火器5的模拟灭火区域的影像信息,从而可以经由所述控制器51发送给所述中控主机I进行灭火效果判断。 The analog fire extinguisher 5 can be made the same shape and the real fire extinguisher, for example, when the dry powder fire training is required, the analog fire extinguisher 5 can be made into the shape of a dry powder fire extinguisher, the operation member 52 may operate in a real fire extinguisher It conforms to the shape member, so that trainees can feel when training operation feel real fire extinguisher, the fire extinguisher camera 53 may be provided in the analog fire extinguisher five simulated real fire extinguisher nozzle position, so that the camera 53 can fire extinguisher collected to the analog video information of the analog fire extinguisher region 5, it can be transmitted to the control host via the controller 51 I for extinguishing effect is determined. 此外,所述控制器51还发送所述模拟灭火器5所模拟的灭火器类型信息给所述中控主机1. Furthermore, the controller 51 further sends the analog fire extinguisher five simulated fire extinguisher type information to the control host 1.

[0026] 所述中控主机I可以内置火情模拟软件,图像处理软件,这样所述中控主机I就可以根据所述人员摄像头3用于采集训练场景的影像信息提取训练场景内的物品轮廓线信息,以及组训人员设定的环境信息和火情信息来模拟进行灭火训练时,各个着火点物品的火焰效果图像,此外,所述中控主机I根据所述灭火器摄像头53就可以采集到所述模拟灭火器5的模拟灭火区域的影像信息可以与组训人员设定的环境信息和火情信息进行比对,从而改变各个着火点物品的火焰效果图像。 [0026] The built-in control host I can fire simulation software, image processing software, such that the control host I can extract the contour of an article based on the image information of the training scenario to the art camera for acquiring training scenario 3 when the line information, the fire information and the environment information and the set of training personnel to fire training simulation, the effect of flame ignition point images of the respective objects, in addition, the control host I fire extinguisher in accordance with the camera 53 can be collected by said analog video information of the analog fire extinguisher region 5 may fire information and the environment information with the set of training personnel for comparison, thereby changing the ignition point of the flame effect image of each article.

[0027] 所述AR眼镜2使得受训人员能够看到所处的训练场景的真实物品影像信息,当所述中控主机I根据组训人员设定的火情信息生成各个着火点物品的虚拟火焰效果图像传送至所述AR眼镜2时,受训人员就可以看见虚拟火焰效果图像与训练场景的真实物品影像的叠加影像信息,从而可以产生身临其境的现场感受。 [0027] The AR 2 so that the trainee glasses to see the real image information items which the training scenario, when the control host I generates an ignition point of each item of training personnel in accordance with fire information set in the virtual flame effect 2 AR glasses to the image transfer, the trainee can see the virtual image information superimposed on the image of the article real flame effect image and the training scenario, which can produce hand experience.

[0028] 如图2所示,在一个优选实施例中,所述训练服4包括头套、长袖上衣及长裤,所述AR眼镜2设置在所述头套上,所述人员摄像头3设置在所述AR眼镜2上方所述头套的额头部位。 [0028] 2, in a preferred embodiment, the headgear 4 includes a training wear, long-sleeved shirt and trousers, the AR glasses 2 are provided on the headgear, the person is provided in the camera 3 2 AR glasses above the brow of the headgear. 这样能够将所述AR眼镜2、所述人员摄像头3的布线均设置在所述训练服4中,简化整套训练服4的制造成本,增强所述舰船灭火训练模拟系统的耐用性,避免单独接线可能带来的线缆容易损坏的问题。 This enables the AR glasses 2, the camera person wirings 3 are arranged in the 4 training wear, the manufacturing cost simplified package 4 training wear, and enhance the durability of the ship fire training simulation system, to avoid a separate wiring issues that may be easily damaged cables. 此外,所述人员摄像头3设置在所述AR眼镜2上方所述头套的额头部位可以使得所述人员摄像头3采集到的场景信息能够保持与受训人员第一视角看到的信息的一致。 Furthermore, the personnel of the headgear camera 3 disposed above the brow region of the AR glasses 2 may be such that the camera 3 person collected information can be scene information is consistent with the first perspective see trainees.

[0029] 在一个优选实施中,所述头套的面颊部、所述长袖上衣的胸腹部与手臂部、所述长裤的腿部设置有所述发热器件43,所述温控器41及所述电池42设置在所述长袖上衣的背部。 [0029] In a preferred embodiment, the headgear of the cheek, chest and abdomen of the long-sleeved shirt portion and arm portion, leg portion of the pants 43 provided with the heating device, the temperature controller 41 and the battery 42 is provided in the back of the long-sleeved shirt. 这样可以使得整套训练服4更容易制造和穿戴。 This makes the whole workout clothes to wear and easier to manufacture 4. 所述温控器41的温度调节范围为25-40°C。 The thermostat 41 is a temperature adjustment range of 25-40 ° C. 这样一方面能够避免对受训人员造成过热伤害,另一方面能够使得受训人员体验到真实的火场热度、压迫感。 On the one hand this can avoid overheating damage to the trainees, on the other hand enables trainees to experience the real heat of the fire, oppressive.

[0030] 在一个优选实施例中,所述发热器件43为发热电阻丝。 [0030] In a preferred embodiment, the heat generating device 43 is a heating resistor wire. 这样能够大大降低所述训练服4的制造成本。 This can greatly reduce the manufacturing cost of the training clothes 4.

[0031 ] 在一个优选实施例中,所述模拟灭火器5设置有与所述控制器51连接的位置传感器54。 [0031] In a preferred embodiment, the analog position sensor 5 is provided with fire extinguisher 54 is connected to the controller 51. 如图2所示,所述模拟灭火器5可以分别在所述模拟灭火器5的两端位置设置位置传感器54,当位于所述喷头一侧的所述位置传感器54的位置高度大于位于底部一侧的所述位置传感器54的位置高度时,可判断所述模拟灭火器5不处于工作状态,当所述喷头一侧的所述位置传感器54的位置高度小于位于底部一侧的所述位置传感器54的位置高度时,可判断所述模拟灭火器5处于准备工作状态,如果这时所述操作部件52也处于被操作状态,则可判断所述模拟灭火器5处于工作状态。 As shown, the analog fire extinguisher 5 2 may each simulated fire extinguisher in the end positions 54 of the position sensor 5 is provided, when the head is located on one side of the position sensor 54 is greater than the height of the bottom side when the height position of the position sensor 54, the analog fire extinguisher 5 may be determined not in operation, when the position of the head side of the position sensor 54 is smaller than the height of the position sensor 54 at the bottom side of the location of height, can determine the simulated fire extinguisher is in the preparation state 5, if the time of the operation member 52 is also in the operating state, the analog can be determined in a working state 5 extinguisher.

[0032] 在一个优选实施例中,所述中控主机I进一步连接有一个用于所述受训人员佩戴在背部的显示屏。 [0032] In a preferred embodiment, the central control is further connected to a host I for the trainees to wear the back of the display screen. 所述显示屏可以显示所述AR眼镜2上显示的叠加影像信息,这样组训人员就可以在受训人员后方随时观察到受训人员的训练效果。 The display screen may be displayed superimposed on the video information displayed AR glasses 2, so that at any time of training personnel can observe the trainee training effect behind the trainees.

[0033] 本发明还提供了一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法,所述舰船灭火训练模拟系统包括至少一个受训人员佩戴在身上的中控主机1,一副受训人员佩戴的与所述中控主机连接的AR眼镜2,至少一个受训人员携带的与所述中控主机连接的人员摄像头3,所述人员摄像头3视场中心与所述AR眼镜2视场中心相重合,用于受训人员穿戴的训练服4,所述训练服4至少包括与所述中控主机I连接的温控器41、与所述温控器41连接的电池42以及发热器件43,至少一个模拟灭火器5,所述模拟灭火器5设置有与所述中控主机I连接的控制器51,以及与所述控制器51分别连接的操作部件52、灭火器摄像头53。 [0033] The present invention further provides a method of use of ship fire training simulation system, the fire fighting ship training simulation system comprising at least one worn on the body of the trainee control host 1, a wear and the trainees said AR glasses 2 control host connected to at least one person is connected to the camera control host trained personnel carrier 3, the field person camera 3 and the center 2 of the center of the field of view coincides AR glasses, for trainees training suits worn 4, comprising at least said training clothes 4 and the thermostat control host I 41 connected to the battery connected to the temperature controller 42 and heating means 41 43, at least one analog fire extinguisher 5 the simulated fire extinguisher 5 is provided with the controller 51 and control host connected to I, and an operation member 52, a fire extinguisher camera 53 to the controller 51 are connected. 所述使用方法包括如下步骤: The method of use comprises the steps of:

[0034] 步骤A,组训人员穿戴所述训练服4,佩戴所述中控主机1、所述AR眼镜2、所述人员摄像头3,进入训练场地,所述组训人员利用头部的所述人员摄像头3对所述训练场地进行取景,所述中控主机I根据所述人员摄像头3采集到的影像信息对所述训练场地中的物品进行轮廓线信息采集,组训人员在所述中控主机I上根据训练计划需要,设定训练过程中的火情信息; [0034] Step A, of training the training person wearing clothes 4, wearing the control host 1, the AR glasses 2, 3 of the camera person, to enter the training ground, the group of trainees using the head said camera 3 personnel training ground the framing, the control host I for the acquisition of contour information items in the training field camera 3 according to the art the captured image information in said group of trainees I host a control program based on the training needs, setting fire information during training;

[0035] 步骤B,所述组训人员根据步骤A所采集的信息进行训练计划设计,所述组训人员在所述中控主机I上设定训练过程中的环境信息和火情信息,所述环境信息包括温度、湿度、风向风速等,所述火情信息包括着火物品、火焰类型、着火点、火焰烈度、着火面积等参数; [0035] Procedure B, the set of training personnel training program designed based on the information collected in step A, the set of training personnel and environmental information of the fire information in the training process in the control host I, the said environmental information including temperature, humidity, wind direction and wind speed, the fired article comprising a fire information, type of flame, the ignition point, the flame intensity and area of ​​fire parameters;

[0036] 步骤C,在指定时间内,受训人员穿上所述训练服4,佩戴所述中控主机1、所述AR眼镜2、所述人员摄像头3,手持所述模拟灭火器5进入所述训练场地;当受训人员配戴所述AR眼镜2的视场中包含步骤B设定的着火物品时,所述中控主机I根据步骤B设定的火情信息生成相应火焰画面传送至所述AR眼镜2上所述着火物品区域,所述受训人员通过所述AR眼镜2可以看到真实物品上对应着火点区域的火焰画面并可操作所述模拟灭火器5进行模拟灭火训练; [0036] Procedure C, within the specified time, the trainees to wear training suit 4, wearing the control host 1, the AR glasses 2, 3 of the camera person, the hand-held fire extinguisher 5 into the analog training ground; field of view when wearing the AR glasses 2 trainees in an article comprising the step of B is set on fire, the control host flame I to form the corresponding screen in accordance with fire information transmitted in step B to set the AR glasses fired article 2 of the region, the trainees through the AR glasses 2 can be seen on the corresponding point of the real area of ​​the article of the flame ignition and operation of the screen 5 of the analog simulation fire extinguisher training;

[0037] 步骤D,所述中控主机I根据步骤B设定的所述环境信息和火焰烈度参数通过所述温控器41控制所述训练服4上的所述发热器件43发热; [0037] Procedure D, said control host I according to the environmental information and flame intensity set by the parameter in step B the temperature controller 41 controls the training of the heating devices 4 on the server 43 heat;

[0038] 步骤E,所述受训人员对所述模拟灭火器5上的所述操作部件52进行操作,并将操作时间信息经由所述控制器51传送给所述中控主机1,所述灭火器摄像头53采集所述模拟灭火器5对应的灭火位置影像信息经由所述控制器51传送给所述中控主机1,所述中控主机I将所述模拟灭火器5对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息进行比对, [0038] Step E, the trainees the operating member 52 on the analog fire extinguisher 5 is operated, and operation time information via the controller 51 is transmitted to the control host 1, the fire extinguisher camera extinguishing position information of the image 53 to acquire the corresponding simulated fire extinguisher 5 is transmitted to the control host via the controller 511, the control host I said analog fire extinguisher 5 corresponding to the video information and the position provided in step B the fire item information given for comparison,

[0039] 当所述模拟灭火器5类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息匹配,且所述操作部件52处于被操作状态时,判断为有效灭火操作,所述中控主机I根据所述环境信息、所述火情信息、有效灭火操作信息综合计算当前火情信息,控制火焰画面变化或熄灭,并将火焰画面变化结果实时传送至所述AR眼镜2上,同时所述中控主机I根据受训人员与着火物品的距离和所述火焰烈度、着火面积等参数计算并通过所述温控器51对所述训练服上的所述发热器件43进行加热控制(例如逐步降低所述发热器件43的温度),所述中控主机I根据模拟灭火过程实时记录所述火情信息的变化数据, [0039] When the item information matches the simulated fire extinguisher type 5 corresponding to the fire position and the image information set in step B, and the operating member 52 is operated in the state, it is determined that effective fire fighting operations, the said control host I according to the environmental information, said fire information, operation information effectively extinguishing the fire information integrated current is calculated, the control picture changes or extinguish the flame, the flame and the results of the screen changes to the real-time transmission of the AR glasses 2 while said control host I calculated distance trainee fire and flame intensity and said article, area, and other parameters of fire and heat by the temperature controller controlling the heating device on the 51 pairs of training clothes 43 (e.g. gradually reduce the temperature of the heat generating device 43), the control host I real-time recording of the data change information from the analog fire extinguishing process,

[0040] 当所述模拟灭火器5类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息不匹配,或者所述操作部件52没有处于被操作状态时,判断为没有进行灭火操作,所述中控主机I根据所述环境信息、步骤B设定的所述火情信息综合计算当前的火情信息,控制火焰画面变化,并将火焰画面变化结果实时传送至所述AR眼镜2上,同时所述中控主机I根据受训人员与着火物品的距离和所述火焰烈度、着火面积等参数计算并通过所述温控器对所述训练服4上的所述发热器件43进行加热控制(例如逐步增高所述发热器件43的温度),所述中控主机I根据模拟灭火过程实时记录所述火情信息的变化数据; [0040] When the analog video information and the fire position is set in step B of the fire extinguisher 5 item information does not match its corresponding type, or the operating member 52 is not in operating state, it is determined that no fire operation, the control host I according to the environmental information, the step B is set to calculate the current integrated fire information fire information, the screen changes to control the flame, and the flame picture changes to the results of real-time transmission AR glasses 2, while the control host I calculated distance trainee fire and flame intensity and said article, area, and other parameters of the fire and the heat generating device of the training wear on the temperature controller 443 through heating control (e.g., gradually increasing the temperature of the heat generating device 43), the control host I real-time recording of the data change information from the analog fire extinguishing process;

[0041] 步骤F,当步骤C的指定时间结束后,所述组训人员根据所述中控主机I中保留的实时记录的火情信息数据判断所述受训人员的训练效果。 [0041] Step F., When the specified time after the step C, the set of training the personnel trained personnel training effect is determined by the fire information data recorded in real time in the control host I reserved.

[0042] 本发明所提供的一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统及其使用方法,可在火灾容易发生的任何真实舰艇环境中进行灭火训练,通过真实场景与虚拟场景的融合,受训者可以清楚地“看”到现场起火后的火焰、烟尘,可以“看”到灭火器操作使用时灭火剂的“喷射”过程及其对火焰的实际控制效果,可以感受到火灾现场不同位置的灼热刺激,可以感受到火势增大或减弱的整体效果以及火灾现场的紧迫程度。 [0042] A ship fire training simulation system and method of use provided by the invention may be made in any real environment ship fire extinguishing training is likely to occur, and the virtual real scene by scene fusion, can be clearly trainee "see" the scene after the fire flame, smoke, can "see" the "jet" process operating extinguisher and fire extinguishing agent used to effect actual control of the flame, the fire scene can feel hot stimulation at different locations, you can feel the overall effect and the degree of urgency of the fire scene fire increased or reduced. 因此可以实施在现实舰艇环境中和普通模拟器上无法实现的特殊训练,训练内容全面,与普通模拟训练器材甚至实装训练相比,能够收到更好的训练效果。 Therefore, to implement special training in the real environment and the general ship simulator can not be achieved, comprehensive training, simulation and training equipment and even ordinary training compared to real equipment, can receive better training effect. 此外,训练过程安全、经济、环保、可控、无风险或低风险。 In addition, the training process safety, economic, environmental, controlled, no risk or low risk.

[0043] 本领域技术人员应当理解,虽然本发明是按照多个实施例的方式进行描述的,但是并非每个实施例仅包含一个独立的技术方案。 [0043] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that while the present invention has been described in accordance with various embodiments of the embodiment, but every embodiment may not only comprise a separate aspect. 说明书中如此叙述仅仅是为了清楚起见,本领域技术人员应当将说明书作为一个整体加以理解,并将各实施例中所涉及的技术方案看作是可以相互组合成不同实施例的方式来理解本发明的保护范围。 So recited specification merely for the sake of clarity, those skilled in the specification should be understood as a whole, and involved in the embodiment considered aspect can be combined with each other to form different embodiments described embodiments of the present invention is to be understood that the scope of protection.

[0044] 以上所述仅为本发明示意性的具体实施方式,并非用以限定本发明的范围。 [0044] The above are only exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. 任何本领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明的构思和原则的前提下所作的等同变化、修改与结合,均应属于本发明保护的范围。 Anyone skilled in the art, equivalent variations made without departing from the spirit and principle of the present invention is provided, in combination with the modifications shall fall within the scope of protection of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1.一种舰船灭火训练模拟系统的使用方法,所述舰船灭火训练模拟系统包括至少一个受训人员佩戴在身上的中控主机,一副受训人员佩戴的与所述中控主机连接的AR眼镜,至少一个受训人员携带的与所述中控主机连接的人员摄像头,用于受训人员穿戴的训练服,所述训练服至少包括与所述中控主机连接的温控器、与所述温控器连接的电池以及发热器件,至少一个模拟灭火器,所述模拟灭火器设置有与所述中控主机连接的控制器,以及与所述控制器分别连接的操作部件、灭火器摄像头;其特征在于,所述使用方法包括如下步骤:步骤A,组训人员穿戴所述训练服,佩戴所述中控主机、所述AR眼镜、所述人员摄像头,进入训练场地,所述组训人员利用头部的所述人员摄像头对所述训练场地进行取景,所述中控主机根据所述人员摄像头采集到的影像信息对所 1. A method of extinguishing ship using training simulation system, the fire fighting ship training simulation system comprising at least one worn on the body of the trainee control host, a trained AR control host connected with the person wearing glasses, at least one person is connected to the camera control host trained personnel carrier, for trainees to wear training clothes, the training includes at least a temperature controller connected with the service control host, and the temperature a battery controller and a heating device connected to the at least one analog fire extinguisher, a fire extinguisher is provided with an analog controller is connected to the control host, and the operation member are connected to the controller, fire extinguishers camera; wherein, the method of use comprises the following steps: step a, of training the training person wearing clothing, the control host wearing the AR glasses, the camera person, to enter the training ground, the head of the group of trainees using the video information of the training person camera framing field, a control host collected according to the art of the camera 训练场地中的物品进行轮廓线信息采集,组训人员在所述中控主机上根据训练计划需要,设定训练过程中的火情信息; 步骤B,所述组训人员根据步骤A所采集的信息进行训练计划设计,所述组训人员在所述中控主机上设定训练过程中的环境信息和火情信息,所述环境信息包括温度、湿度、风向风速,所述火情信息包括着火物品、火焰类型、着火点、火焰烈度、着火面积参数; 步骤C,在指定时间内,受训人员穿上所述训练服,佩戴所述中控主机、所述AR眼镜、所述人员摄像头,手持所述模拟灭火器进入所述训练场地;当受训人员配戴所述AR眼镜的视场中包含步骤B设定的着火物品时,所述中控主机根据步骤B设定的火情信息生成相应火焰画面传送至所述AR眼镜上所述着火物品区域,所述受训人员通过所述AR眼镜看到真实物品上对应着火点区域的火焰画面 The training ground contour line items for information collection, of training personnel in the control host according to the training programs necessary to set the fire information in the training process; step B, and the group of trainees acquired according to Step A program design information, the environment information set of training personnel and fire information on the training process in the control host, the environmental information including temperature, humidity, wind direction and speed, said fire information including fire article, type of flame, the ignition point, the flame intensity, the area of ​​fire parameters; procedure C, within the specified time, the trainees to wear training services, the control host wearing the AR glasses, the camera person, the hand-held said analog fire extinguisher enters the training field; when viewing trainees to wear the AR glasses in the step B comprises the article set on fire, the fire control host to form the corresponding screen in accordance with fire information set in step B transmitted to the AR glasses of the fired article region, corresponding to the ignition point of the trainee to see the real area on the screen by the flame article AR glasses 并操作所述模拟灭火器进行模拟灭火训练; 步骤D,所述中控主机根据步骤B设定的所述环境信息和火焰烈度参数通过所述温控器控制所述训练服上的所述发热器件发热; 步骤E,所述受训人员对所述模拟灭火器上的所述操作部件进行操作,并将操作时间信息经由所述控制器传送给所述中控主机,所述灭火器摄像头采集所述模拟灭火器对应的灭火位置影像信息经由所述控制器传送给所述中控主机,所述中控主机将所述模拟灭火器对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息进行比对, 当所述模拟灭火器类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息匹配,且所述操作部件处于被操作状态时,判断为有效灭火操作,所述中控主机将传送至所述AR眼镜上的火焰画面逐渐变化或熄灭,同时所述中控主机通过所述温控器控制对所 And operating the analog fire extinguisher training simulation; Procedure D, said control host through the temperature controller controlling the heating device on the basis of the environmental information service training and flame intensity parameter setting step B fever; step E, the trainees the operation member on said analog fire extinguisher is operated, and the operation time information to the control host via the controller, the camera capture said analog fire extinguisher fire extinguisher extinguishing position corresponding to the image information is transmitted to the controller via the control host, the host central control item information of said analog fire extinguishers the fire position corresponding to the video information and a set of step B for comparison, extinguishing position when the analog video information set in step B the type of fire extinguishers and the item information corresponding to the match, and the operation member is operated in the state, fire-extinguishing operation is determined to be valid, the host central control flame picture transmitted to the AR glasses on or off progressively changes while the control of the control host through the thermostat 述训练服上的所述发热器件进行加热,所述中控主机根据模拟灭火过程实时记录所述火情信息的数据变化, 当所述模拟灭火器类型及其对应的灭火位置影像信息与步骤B设定的所述着火物品信息不匹配,或者所述操作部件没有处于被操作状态时,判断为没有进行灭火操作,所述中控主机将继续保持步骤B所设定的所述火情信息; 步骤F,当步骤C的指定时间结束后,所述组训人员根据所述中控主机中保留的火情信息数据判断所述受训人员的训练效果。 Heating said heat generating devices on the training services, the control host real time data information according to a change in the fire extinguishing process simulation, when the simulated fire extinguisher type and position of the video corresponding to the information provided in step B given the fired article information does not match, or is not in the operating member is operated state, it is determined that no extinguishing operation, the control host will continue to maintain the fire information set in step B; step F., when the specified time after the step C, the set of training the personnel trained personnel training effect according to the data judging fire information retained in control host.
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