CN103176470A - Experimental system and method for MMC (multilevel modular converter) flexible direct-current transmission control protection equipment - Google Patents

Experimental system and method for MMC (multilevel modular converter) flexible direct-current transmission control protection equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103176470A
CN103176470A CN2013100592813A CN201310059281A CN103176470A CN 103176470 A CN103176470 A CN 103176470A CN 2013100592813 A CN2013100592813 A CN 2013100592813A CN 201310059281 A CN201310059281 A CN 201310059281A CN 103176470 A CN103176470 A CN 103176470A
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real time
control
time digital
experimental
protection equipment
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CN103176470B (en
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胡兆庆
董云龙
田杰
曹冬明
李海英
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
Nanjing Nari Group Corp
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NR Electric Co Ltd
NR Engineering Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an experimental system for MMC (multilevel modular converter) flexible direct-current transmission control protection equipment. The experimental system comprises a real-time digital simulator, a valve-base control electronic device of a multilevel modular converter, and a control protection device of the multilevel modular converter. The real-time digital simulator is connected with the valve-base control electronic device through optical fiber. The real-time digital simulator is connected with the control protection device through optical fiber or a cable. The control protection device is connected with the valve-base control electronic device through optical fiber or a cable. The experimental system is used for closed-loop testing on control performance, protection configuration and functions of the MMC flexible direct-current transmission control protection equipment, and can also be used for function test on valve control equipment. When a system topology changes or primary system parameters are corrected, testing is conveniently achieved by correcting a simulation model. The invention further discloses an experimental method of the experimental system for MMC flexible direct-current transmission control protection equipment.

Description

The MMC flexible DC power transmission is controlled experimental system and the method for protection equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission field, particularly a kind of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission is controlled experimental system and the experimental technique of protection equipment.
Background technology
Flexible DC power transmission is a kind of employing IGBT(Insulated Gate Bipolar Transistor) entirely control device and consist of the voltage-source type converter valve, carry out the mode of direct current transportation transmission, modular multilevel (MMC, Multi-level modular Converter) converter valve that consists of of mode is namely wherein a kind of, can be referring to J.DORH, H.HUANG, D.RETZMANN.A new Multilevel Voltage-sourced converter Topology for HVDC Applications[C], Cigre Symposium Paris2008, France.Being the topological diagram of modularization multi-level converter as shown in Figure 1, is the complete structure of six brachium pontis of three-phase in figure, and in figure, each brachium pontis is composed in series by a plurality of half-bridge submodules.
The modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission controls protection equipment and valve base is controlled electronic equipment, the equipment that modularization multi-level converter is controlled, the purpose of controlling is to satisfy the service requirement of flexible DC power transmission current conversion station, these requirements comprise carrying the adjusting of DC power size, the voltage and the reactive power that modularization multi-level converter are connected to the electrical network place are regulated, and the operation of the interior switch tool of standing being satisfied a definite sequence;
The modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission controls protection equipment and valve base is controlled electronic equipment; need the simulated field situation to carry out the control performance test; the defencive function test; and the policy validation of submodule experiment; adjust whereby the dynamic property of controlling protection system; Protection parameters arranges, defencive function, and simultaneous verification and improvement valve base are controlled electronic equipment submodule protection strategy.the method of common simulated experiment is that the primary system equipment such as converter valve are dwindled according to the certain capacity ratio, be built into the dynamic simulation experiment system of low capacity according to real topology, and complete various dynamic experiments with the control protection equipment formation closed-loop system of reality, for example at number of patent application 201110171890.9, application publication number is CN102313850A, autograph is: in the physics real time dynamic simulation device literary composition of a kind of flexible DC power transmission system, mention a kind of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission and control protection equipment experimental system and experimental technique, be exactly to carry out in this manner the experimental system that physical model is built, the shortcoming of this mode is need to build to comprise transformer, reactor, and the Scaling physical model of the primary equipment such as submodule, not only take up room, and affect experimental performance in variation in plant parameters, change parameter difficulty.
On the other hand, the Modularized multi-level converter sub-module integrated circuit board that is a plurality of Scalings due to each brachium pontis is composed in series, and each submodule integrated circuit board includes communication interface, controls electronic equipment with valve base and is connected complicated, when submodule quantity increases, be difficult to expand on original basis.
at document " Liu Tao, Guo Chunyi, Zhao Chengyong, horse Yulong, the modeling of modularization multi-level converter main circuit in RTDS, the annual meeting in 2010 of Chinese Higher school Power System and its Automation the 26 Annual Conference and electric system Professional Committee of CSEE of specialty " in mention and utilize real-time simulation platform RTDS constructing modular multilevel converter main circuit model, and utilize small step long transmission line model to enlarge the emulation capacity of modularization multi-level converter in RTDS, and after having adopted small step long transmission line model, verification experimental verification has been carried out in the impact of modularization multi-level converter operation characteristic.This is the off-line simulation ability of utilizing RTDS, and the emulation capacity of RTDS itself is studied.
at document " L A Gregoire, W Li, J Belanger, L Snider, Validationof a 60-level modular multilevel converter model-overview of offline and real-time HIL testing and results.International conference on power systems Transients (IPST2011) Delft, the Netherlands June14-17, 2011 " mention in transverter model and controller are put into respectively two independently in Real Time Digital Simulator, this is a kind of test to analogue system itself and mathematical model, but lacked the important step valve base and controlled electronic equipment, can't verify the submodule protection strategy that valve base is controlled electronic equipment, on the other hand, do not adopt actual control protection equipment, also can't protect control characteristic and the protective capability of equipment to do complete test to the control of reality.
The experiment of the protection of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission control at present equipment has following characteristics:
(1) quantity in different engineerings of the submodule quantity in the primary system topology is different, and the varying number submodule will bring output voltage, and the characteristic of electric current is different, needs to control protection equipment and according to circumstances adjusts the control program parameter, satisfies the control characteristic requirement;
(2) control strategy of controlling protection equipment need to frequently be adjusted according to field requirement, and need to carry out at the scene the short time test after adjustment and will drop into on-the-spot operation, after sometimes even occurring adjusting strategy, the situation that is difficult to verify due to condition restriction;
(3) valve base is controlled the protection strategy that relates to submodule in electronic equipment and is difficult to verify at the scene;
(4) parameter of primary system topology can adjust for different engineerings.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention; be to provide a kind of MMC flexible DC power transmission to control experimental system and the method for protection equipment; it can carry out closed loop test to control performance, the protection configuration and function of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission control protection equipment; can do the function test to valve control equipment simultaneously; change or during the primary system parameter modification, can conveniently reach test purpose by revising realistic model at system topological.
In order to reach above-mentioned purpose, solution of the present invention is:
A kind of MMC flexible DC power transmission is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment, comprises the valve base control electronic equipment of Real Time Digital Simulator, modularization multi-level converter and the control protection equipment of modularization multi-level converter; Wherein, Real Time Digital Simulator is controlled electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber; Real Time Digital Simulator is connected by optical fiber or cable with control protection equipment; control protection equipment is controlled between electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber or cable, consists of valve base and controls electronic equipment and control protective value closed loop test system.
Above-mentioned Real Time Digital Simulator and valve base are controlled the digitizing communication of electronic equipment and are adopted the optical-fibre communications mode, and interface bandwidth speed is 1000M or 1G-10G; The agreement that adopts is Aurora agreement or 1000M/(1G-10G) Ethernet protocol; Interface hardware partly adopts integrated circuit board or the described protocol conversion hardware device between both of the FPGA integrated circuit board of supporting the Aurora agreement, gigabit Ethernet agreement.
Above-mentioned Real Time Digital Simulator and valve base control that the digitizing communication of electronic equipment adopts is one to receive two optical fiber, and transferring content has comprised all and related to valve base and control electronic equipment and control the pulse of brachium pontis submodule and simulation, switching value signal.
Above-mentioned modularization multi-level converter comprises six brachium pontis, and one group of series connection of brachium pontis in twos consists of a facies unit; Described experimental system also comprises six deck valve bases control electronic equipments, and Real Time Digital Simulator is controlled between electronic equipment with valve base and is connected 12 optical fiber.
The signal output port of the alternating voltage of above-mentioned Real Time Digital Simulator, alternating current, DC voltage and DC current directly is connected with the control protection equipment of reality; the switching value output port of Real Time Digital Simulator directly with working control protection equipment connection, the switching value output terminal of control protection equipment directly is connected with the switching value input end of Real Time Digital Simulator.
Above-mentioned Real Time Digital Simulator adopts RTDS or the RTLAB based on FPGA hardware.
A kind of experimental technique of controlling the experimental system of protection equipment based on aforesaid MMC flexible DC power transmission; build the primary system model at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides; this model adopts the Practical Project parameter; comprise power supply, transformer, reactor and brachium pontis submodule model; to relating to the change of topological structure of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission system or parameter; directly revise at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides; revise complete preservation, compiling forms loading of executed file to the Digital Simulation System real time execution.
Above-mentioned experimental technique also comprises: valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is configured according to modularization multi-level converter brachium pontis submodule quantity and separate unit valve base control electronic equipment CPU processing power.
Above-mentioned experimental technique also comprises: verify when each brachium pontis adopts two deck valve bases to control the ability of electronic equipment; Real Time Digital Simulator interface integrated circuit board and valve base are controlled number of electronic devices and are matched; every deck valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is connected with Real Time Digital Simulator respectively; revise the relevant setting of Real Time Digital Simulator; revise valve base control electronic equipment and emulator interface and control strategy program, revise simultaneously the program relevant with connecting valve base control electronic equipment interfaces part in controlling protection equipment.
After adopting such scheme, the present invention is applicable to the modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission and controls the test of protection equipment performance, and the checking valve base is controlled experimental system and the method for testing of electronic equipment strategy; Can verify the closed-loop control effect, step response time, transient state transient process simplation verification, control strategy checking, protection configuration verification test, the defencive function test comprises also that valve control equipment submodule is thrown to move back strategy, the checking of submodule balance of voltage control strategy.Change or during the primary system parameter modification, can conveniently reach test purpose by revising realistic model at system topological; Due to the information that comprises a lot of quantity submodules of brachium pontis in simple optical fiber, so need to not connect a large amount of optical fiber between submodule model and valve control equipment, it is convenient to build.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is major equipment and the topological structure schematic diagram of modularization multi-level converter flexible DC power transmission primary system;
Fig. 2 is the structural drawing of experimental system of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below with reference to drawings and the specific embodiments, technical scheme of the present invention is elaborated.
as shown in Figure 2, the invention provides a kind of MMC flexible DC power transmission and control the experimental system of protection equipment, comprise Real Time Digital Simulator, the valve base of modularization multi-level converter is controlled the control protection equipment of electronic equipment and modularization multi-level converter, wherein, Real Time Digital Simulator is controlled electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber, and Real Time Digital Simulator is connected by optical fiber or cable with control protection equipment, described control protection equipment is controlled between electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber or cable, the performance test closed loop test system of formation control protection equipment.
Valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is controlled the configuration of electronic equipment CPU processing power according to modularization multi-level converter brachium pontis submodule quantity and separate unit valve base, common mode is one of each brachium pontis configuration, six altogether, wherein every deck valve base control electronic equipment all is connected two optical fiber connection of receipts with Real Time Digital Simulator.The group module number further enlarges, and in the time of need to increasing to each brachium pontis outfit two deck valve bases control electronic equipment, only needing increases corresponding interface integrated circuit board at Real Time Digital Simulator, and mode is constant.
The signal output port of the alternating voltage of Real Time Digital Simulator, alternating current, DC voltage, DC current is directly to be connected with the control protection equipment of reality; the switching value of Real Time Digital Simulator is exported directly and working control protection equipment connection; control protection facility switching amount output terminal and directly be connected with Real Time Digital Simulator switching value input end, form closed loop test system.Real Time Digital Simulator is output as ± 5V, and perhaps ± 10V voltage signal adopts corresponding interface integrated circuit board to carry out the cable connection to these signals by controlling protection equipment.
In present embodiment, Real Time Digital Simulator is RTDS or RTLAB, based on FPGA hardware.
In the present embodiment, Real Time Digital Simulator and valve base are controlled the digital interface part of electronic equipment, this interface is the optical fiber mode, the interface of speed between bandwidth 1000M or 1G-10G is provided, the selection of this speed be according to the size of module number in the primary system topology and and valve base control between electronic equipment interactive information what selected.When the submodule quantity of each brachium pontis in the 1-300 scope, control electronic equipment with six deck valve bases, be connected with Real Time Digital Simulator respectively, what adopt is the optical fiber interface of gigabit bandwidth, the agreement that adopts is the Aurora agreement, and six deck valve bases are controlled electronic equipment the integrated circuit board of the optical fiber interface that is exclusively used in the Aurora agreement all is installed respectively, and transmission medium is two root multimode fibers of receipts, 12 optical fiber, be connected to RTDS or RTLAB equipment altogether.
For verifying that each brachium pontis adopts two deck valve bases to control the ability of electronic equipment; in concrete enforcement; actual each brachium pontis that can be split as adopts two deck valve bases to control electronic equipment; connected mode is the same; increase Real Time Digital Simulator interface integrated circuit board; revise that emulator is relevant to be arranged, revise in controlling protection equipment simultaneously and be connected valve base control electronic equipment interfaces subprogram.
In the 300-1000 scope, control electronic equipments with 12 deck valve bases when the submodule quantity of each brachium pontis, be connected with Real Time Digital Simulator respectively, connected mode is the same.
Control between electronic equipment and Real Time Digital Simulator at valve base, the agreement of employing can be the Ethernet protocol of Aurora agreement or gigabit or 1G-10G; Interface hardware partly adopts FPGA integrated circuit board or the gigabit of supporting the Aurora agreement, and the integrated circuit board of 1G-10G Ethernet protocol, or the protocol conversion hardware device between two kinds of agreements.
The signal that valve base control electronic equipment is handed down to Real Time Digital Simulator comprises pulse and the bypass order of controlling the brachium pontis submodule, the capacitance voltage analog quantity of each submodule that the reception Real Time Digital Simulator is uploaded, and the whether malfunction of each submodule, control electronic equipment by valve base and determine to throw according to current submodule state quality the strategy that moves back submodule.
The alternating voltage of Real Time Digital Simulator and electric current; DC voltage, current output signal are directly to be connected with the control protection equipment of reality; the switching value of Real Time Digital Simulator is exported directly and working control protection equipment connection, controls protection facility switching amount output terminal and directly is connected with Real Time Digital Simulator switching value input end.Real Time Digital Simulator is output as ± 5V, and perhaps ± 10V voltage signal adopts corresponding interface integrated circuit board to carry out the cable connection to these signals by controlling protection equipment.
the present invention also provides a kind of MMC flexible DC power transmission to control the experimental technique of protection equipment, build the primary system model at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides, this model adopts the Practical Project parameter, comprise power supply, transformer, reactor and brachium pontis submodule model, to relating to the change of topological structure of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission system or parameter, for example brachium pontis submodule number changes, when brachium pontis reactor parameter and transformer parameter are changed, directly revise at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides, revise complete preservation, compiling forms loading of executed file to the Digital Simulation System real time execution.
Described experimental technique also comprises; verify when each brachium pontis adopts two deck valve bases to control the ability of electronic equipment; Real Time Digital Simulator interface integrated circuit board and valve base are controlled number of electronic devices and are matched; every deck valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is connected with Real Time Digital Simulator respectively; revise the relevant setting of Real Time Digital Simulator; revise valve base control electronic equipment and emulator interface and control strategy program, revise simultaneously the program relevant with connecting valve base control electronic equipment interfaces part in controlling protection equipment.
Above embodiment only for explanation technological thought of the present invention, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this, every technological thought that proposes according to the present invention, and any change of doing on the technical scheme basis is within all falling into protection domain of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the experimental system of a MMC flexible DC power transmission control protection equipment, is characterized in that: comprise the valve base control electronic equipment of Real Time Digital Simulator, modularization multi-level converter and the control protection equipment of modularization multi-level converter; Wherein, Real Time Digital Simulator is controlled electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber; Real Time Digital Simulator is connected by optical fiber or cable with control protection equipment, and control protection equipment is controlled between electronic equipment with valve base and is connected by optical fiber or cable.
2. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 1 is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment, it is characterized in that: described Real Time Digital Simulator and valve base are controlled the digitizing communication of electronic equipment and are adopted the optical-fibre communications mode, and interface bandwidth speed is 1000M or 1G-10G; The agreement that adopts is Aurora agreement or 1000M/(1G-10G) Ethernet protocol; Interface hardware partly adopts integrated circuit board or the described protocol conversion hardware device between both of the FPGA integrated circuit board of supporting the Aurora agreement, gigabit Ethernet agreement.
3. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 2 is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment; it is characterized in that: described Real Time Digital Simulator and valve base control that the digitizing communication of electronic equipment adopts is one to receive two optical fiber, and transferring content has comprised all and related to valve base and control electronic equipment and control the pulse of brachium pontis submodule and simulation, switching value signal.
4. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 3 is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment, and it is characterized in that: described modularization multi-level converter comprises six brachium pontis, and one group of series connection of brachium pontis in twos consists of a facies unit; Described experimental system also comprises six deck valve bases control electronic equipments, and Real Time Digital Simulator is controlled between electronic equipment with valve base and is connected 12 optical fiber.
5. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 1 is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment; it is characterized in that: the signal output port of the alternating voltage of described Real Time Digital Simulator, alternating current, DC voltage and DC current directly is connected with the control protection equipment of reality; the switching value output port of Real Time Digital Simulator directly with working control protection equipment connection, the switching value output terminal of control protection equipment directly is connected with the switching value input end of Real Time Digital Simulator.
6. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 1 is controlled the experimental system of protection equipment, it is characterized in that: described Real Time Digital Simulator adopts RTDS or the RTLAB based on FPGA hardware.
7. experimental technique of controlling the experimental system of protection equipment based on MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: build the primary system model at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides, this model adopts the Practical Project parameter, comprise power supply, transformer, reactor and brachium pontis submodule model, to relating to the change of topological structure of modular multilevel flexible DC power transmission system or parameter, directly revise at the interface that Real Time Digital Simulator provides, revise complete preservation, compiling forms loading of executed file to the Digital Simulation System real time execution.
8. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 7 is controlled the experimental technique of protection equipment, it is characterized in that described experimental technique also comprises: valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is configured according to modularization multi-level converter brachium pontis submodule quantity and separate unit valve base control electronic equipment CPU processing power.
9. MMC flexible DC power transmission as claimed in claim 7 is controlled the experimental technique of protection equipment, it is characterized in that described experimental technique also comprises: verify when each brachium pontis adopts two deck valve bases to control the ability of electronic equipment, Real Time Digital Simulator interface integrated circuit board and valve base are controlled number of electronic devices and are matched, every deck valve base is controlled electronic equipment and is connected with Real Time Digital Simulator respectively, revise the relevant setting of Real Time Digital Simulator, revise valve base and control electronic equipment and emulator interface and control strategy program, revise simultaneously the program relevant with connecting valve base control electronic equipment interfaces part in controlling protection equipment.
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