CN103172422A - Horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment of straw powder dust wastes - Google Patents

Horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment of straw powder dust wastes Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103172422A
CN103172422A CN2012105871442A CN201210587144A CN103172422A CN 103172422 A CN103172422 A CN 103172422A CN 2012105871442 A CN2012105871442 A CN 2012105871442A CN 201210587144 A CN201210587144 A CN 201210587144A CN 103172422 A CN103172422 A CN 103172422A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
working bin
stirs
horizontal
bin
agitating
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CN2012105871442A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103172422B (en
Inventor
张西良
徐云峰
李萍萍
罗胜
王继章
马奎
吴琪
张媛
路欣
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江苏大学
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Priority to CN201210587144.2A priority Critical patent/CN103172422B/en
Publication of CN103172422A publication Critical patent/CN103172422A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

Abstract

The invention discloses horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment of straw powder dust wastes, which is suitable for batching agitation and fermentation agitation in resource utilization production of gardening straw powder dust base materials and belongs to the technical field of agricultural machinery. The horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment comprises a storage bin, a belt feeding machine, an agitating working cabin, a spiral agitating device, an auxiliary feeding machine and a humidifier. According to the horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment disclosed by the invention, the straw powder dust wastes in the storage bin are mainly and quantitatively added to the agitating working cabin through controlling the conveying speed and time of the belt feeding machine and weighing the agitating working cabin; the auxiliary feeding machine is used for controlling the rotary speed and a rotary angle of a spiral shaft to quantitatively add the materials into the agitating working cabin in an auxiliary manner; the humidifier controls a metering pump at fixed time and increases the humidity of the materials; a motor is controlled by controlling the agitation to forwardly and backwardly drive the horizontal spiral agitating device to carry out reciprocated type agitating work; and the horizontal spiral agitating device is controlled to rotate forward so that the materials which are subjected to agitation treatment in the agitating working cabin are quantitatively discharged. The horizontal reciprocated type agitating equipment disclosed by the invention is high in agitation efficiency, low in power consumption and integrated in agitation and material discharging.

Description

The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk stirs equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to straw refuse recycling engineering field, especially being fit to prepares burden to stir and ferment in the broken last matrix recycling production of gardening stalk stirs, and belongs to agricultural machinery technological field.
Background technology
The gardening stalk especially high stalk stalk of rattan class is difficult to pulverizing, decomposes and absorbs processing especially, and present gardening stalk is process and utilization technology on the spot, especially reaches the tooling shortage of matrix Fertilizer Transformed by fermentation reactor system.Therefore, in the urgent need to studying gardening stalk application technology as the second resource on the spot, exploitation is fit to the matrix Fertilizer Transformed equipment special for processing of the high stalk of rattan class and high-moisture stalk, improve processing environment, reduce labour intensity, improve working (machining) efficiency, reduce production costs, promote the facilities horticulture clean and effective to produce and Sustainable development.
The broken last waste of the stalk important ring of process and utilization technology on the spot is fermentative processing, comprises quick fermentation in bank up fermentation and fermentation cabin.No matter that a kind of fermentative processing need to be carried out efficient rapid stirring and be processed.Be devoted at present the research of stalk fermentation stir process both at home and abroad also seldom, correlative study and achievement mainly contain two aspects: the one, and the liquid fermenting whipping appts.For many years, tradition adopts the radially turbine type agitator of flow pattern both at home and abroad.Since the eighties in last century, developed country's axial flow stirrer that begun one's study in the world, and obtained success.The 2nd, the solid materials turnover throwing machine.Along with the development of livestock excrement composting technology, the Special turning throwing machinery that a collection of suitable China feces of livestock and poultry is processed has been developed in market.Turnover throwing machine mainly is divided into slot type and the slotless bar is piled up neatly two kinds of formulas.The slot type turnover throwing machine mainly by frame, running gear, turn over polishing apparatus, transmission system and power system and form, generally adopt driven by power.Take up an area that the space is little, the compost degree of depth is high and the advantage such as quick heating because the trough type fermentation system has, it is more extensive that the slot type turnover throwing machine is used in Europe, is also that mainly turning over of using of China's livestock excrement composting casts standby.According to the difference of turning over polishing apparatus, can be divided into drum-type, spiral and rotary-cutting type.Slotless bar buttress formula turnover throwing machine is mainly used in the big area such as the large-scale farm compost of bar buttress outside the venue, do not need to build fermenter, but the compost degree of depth is low, it is slow to heat up, occupied ground is large, plant environment is filthy, slotless bar buttress formula turnover throwing machine mainly drives tractor by walking, turn over polishing apparatus and transmission system etc. forms, and generally adopts internal combustion engine drive.According to the difference of turning over polishing apparatus, can be divided into saddle ride type, spiral sides formula and promote belt.
Above stirring and turn over the throwing technology and equipment, being used for the broken last waste fermentation of stalk stirs, have all that occupation area of equipment is large, equipment cost is high, the Energy in use cost is high, vibrate large poor working environment, stir the not thorough inhomogeneous deficiency that waits, limited the broken last waste of stalk process and utilization technology application and popularization on the spot.For this reason, be badly in need of researching and developing small-sized, the broken last waste fermentation stirring equipment special of high efficiency and time conservation labour-saving stalk.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed in present straw refuse recycling the special-purpose not enough and general stirring equipment of equipment that stirs and have that power consumption is large, cost of use is high, stir the thoroughly problem such as not inhomogeneous, provide a kind of small-sized, special-purpose horizontal Reciprocatory of the high efficiency and time conservation broken last waste fermentation of labour-saving stalk to stir and equip.
The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs equipment, and the technical scheme of employing is: comprise feed bin, belt material-feeding machine, stirring working bin, auxiliary charging machine, humidifier, horizontal spiral whipping appts etc.Each component locations relation is: feed bin is positioned at above belt material-feeding machine, and belt material-feeding machine circle couples together feed bin discharge hole and stirring working bin master charging opening between feed bin and stirring working bin; Be provided with main charging opening, auxiliary charging opening and humidification port above stirring working bin, stir working bin and be connected with auxiliary charging machine by auxiliary charging opening, the stirring working bin is connected with humidifier by humidification port; Be provided with Humidity Detection mouth and raffinate relief outlet stirring the working bin bottom, stir working bin and is connected with humidity detector by the Humidity Detection mouth, the stirring working bin passes through the raffinate relief outlet and is connected with the raffinate holder; Stir the working bin left end cap and be provided with the mixing control motor; Stirring working bin right end cap bottom is provided with discharge port and discharge door.
Belt material-feeding machine of the present invention adopts driving driven by servomotor belt dosing device reinforced, the lower end opening for feed is arranged at the discharge port lower end of feed bin, the upper end discharge port is aimed at and is stirred working bin master charging opening, and the upper end discharge port is connected with stirring working bin master charging opening by soft pipeline.
Stirring working bin of the present invention adopts horizontal Reciprocatory to stir mode of operation, be supported on frame by 4 LOAD CELLS, its inside is provided with the horizontal spiral whipping appts, and the horizontal spiral whipping appts is by driving the driven by servomotor main shaft and driving the agitating vane rotation of being located on main shaft; By the mixing control motor positive and inverse, carry out Reciprocatory stirring work.Stirring working bin right end cap bottom is provided with discharge port and discharge door, under discharge door is opened situation, by mixing control motor forward, realizes stirring work warehouse discharging.
Auxiliary charging machine of the present invention comprises auxiliary feed bin, spiral quantitative feeding device and driving servomotor thereof etc., and auxiliary feed bin is arranged on above spiral quantitative feeding device, and spiral quantitative feeding device is connected with the auxiliary charging opening of working bin firmly by its discharge port.
Humidifier of the present invention comprises sump, atomized water spray volume pump and waterfog head etc., humidifier is positioned at above working bin, the water outlet of sump bottom connects the atomized water spray volume pump, and the atomized water spray volume pump is arranged on by hose on the humidification port that stirs working bin, and waterfog head inserts in working bin.
Horizontal spiral whipping appts of the present invention comprises agitating vane and drives servomotor, main shaft etc.
The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs equipment, the working process feature is: to the broken last waste of stalk in feed bin, by belt material-feeding machine transfer rate and time are controlled, and the weighing of stirring working bin, give and stir working bin and carry out quantitatively main reinforced; Assist charging machine to adopt the spiral quantitative charging process, by control speed of screw shaft and corner, carry out quantitative auxiliary the feeding in raw material such as the organic fertilizer such as solid fermentation bacterium material and ight soil for the stirring working bin; Humidifier detects information according to humidity of materials in working bin, adopts the atomized water spray volume pump, by to the volume pump timing control, increases the humidity (moisture) of material; By controlling the mixing control motor positive and inverse, drive the horizontal spiral whipping appts and carry out Reciprocatory stirring work; Open at last discharge door, stir the discharge of the material dosing after stir process in working bin by controlling horizontal spiral whipping appts forward, making, process in order to further carry out fermentation reactor system.
The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs equipment and compares with turnover throwing machine with existing stirrer, equipment is small-sized, level of automation is high, have functions such as the quantitative ingredients such as the organic fertilizer such as the broken last waste of stalk, solid fermentation bacterium material and ight soil and humidifications, and stirring efficiency is high, low in energy consumption, stir out package integral, good work environment, be fit to various peasant households and realize stalk matrix production on the spot, have higher application and popularization value.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
Fig. 1 is that the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs the equipment front view.
Fig. 2 is A-A partial view in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 be in Fig. 1 B to view.
Fig. 4 stirs the left view of working bin in Fig. 1.
In figure, the 1st, feed bin, 11 is feed bin discharge hole; The 2nd, belt material-feeding machine, 21 charge hoisting by belt conveyer machine inlet capables, the 22nd, belt dosing device, the 23rd, belt material-feeding machine servomotor, the 24th, belt material-feeding machine frame, the 25th, belt material-feeding machine discharge port, the 26th, soft pipeline; The 3rd, stir working bin, the 31st, main charging opening, the 32nd, humidification port, the 33rd, auxiliary charging opening, the 34th, Humidity Detection mouth, the 35th, raffinate relief outlet, the 36th, humidity detector, 37 LOAD CELLS, the 38th, raffinate holder, the 39th, left Cang Gai, the 310th, right Cang Gai, the 311st, discharge door, the 312nd, discharge port, the 313rd, stir the working bin frame; The 4th, spiral agitator, the 41st, the mixing control motor, the 42nd, main shaft, the 43rd, agitating vane, the 44th, regulate thimble; The 5th, auxiliary charging machine, the 51st, auxiliary feed bin, the 52nd, spiral quantitative charging machine, the 53rd, auxiliary charging machine discharge port, the 54th, auxiliary charging machine stepper-motor; The 6th, humidifier, the 61st, sump, the 62nd, electromagnetic drive volume pump, the 63rd, waterfog head.
Embodiment
As shown in Fig. 1,2,3,4, the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs equipment, comprises the compositions such as feed bin 1, belt material-feeding machine 2, stirring working bin 3, spiral agitator 4, auxiliary charging machine 5 and humidifier 6.Each component locations relation is: feed bin 1 is positioned at belt material-feeding machine 2 tops, and belt material-feeding machine 2 boundaries are in feed bin 1 and stir between working bin 3, with feed bin 1 discharge port 11 with stir the main charging opening 31 of working bin 3 and couple together; Stirring working bin 3 tops also are provided with auxiliary charging opening 33 and humidification port 32 except being provided with main charging opening 31, stir working bin 3 and be connected with auxiliary charging machine 5 by auxiliary charging opening 33, and stirring working bin 3 is connected with humidifier 6 by humidification port 32; Stir working bin 3 and comprise left storehouse lid 39, right storehouse lid 310 and horizontal spiral whipping appts 4, described left storehouse lid 39 be connected storehouse lid 310 and be connected with the two ends, left and right of horizontal spiral whipping appts 4 respectively, on left storehouse lid 39, mixing control motor 41 is set, mixing control motor 41 drives by main shaft 42 and stirs interior agitating vane 43 rotations of working bin 3, be equipped with discharge port 312 and discharge door 311 in lid 310 bottoms, right storehouse, control the keying of discharge port 312 by discharge door 311; Be provided with three Humidity Detection mouths 34 and raffinate relief outlet 35 below stirring working bin 3, Humidity Detection mouth 34 is connected with humidity detector 36, and raffinate relief outlet 35 is connected with raffinate holder 38.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, it is reinforced that belt material-feeding machine 2 of the present invention adopts driving servomotor 23 to drive belt dosing devices 22, lower end opening for feed 21 storehouse 1 discharge port 11 that connects material, upper end discharge port 25 is aimed at and is stirred the main charging opening 31 of working bin 3, and upper end discharge port 25 is connected with the main charging opening 31 of stirring working bin 3 by soft pipeline 26.
as shown in Fig. 1,3,4, stirring working bin 3 of the present invention is supported on frame 313 by 4 LOAD CELLS 37, stirring working bin 3 tops are provided with main charging opening 31, auxiliary charging opening 33 and humidification port 32, stirring working bin 3 is connected with belt material-feeding machine 2 by main charging opening 31, stir working bin 3 and be connected with auxiliary charging machine 5 by auxiliary charging opening 33, stir working bin 3 and be connected with humidifier 6 by humidification port 32, below stirring working bin 3, raffinate relief outlet 35 and Humidity Detection mouth 34 are set, stir working bin 3 and be connected with raffinate holder 38 by raffinate relief outlet 35, by Humidity Detection mouth 34, humidity detector 36 is installed, be provided with mixing control motor 41 on the left storehouse of stirring working bin 3 lid 32, mixing control motor 41 is connected with stirring working bin 3 internal screw whipping apptss 4 by main shaft 42, be provided with discharge port 311 and discharge door 35 in lid 36 bottoms, the right storehouse of stirring working bin 3, discharge door 35 is used for the keying of discharge port 311, be provided with spiral agitator 4 stirring working bin 3 inside, spiral agitator 4 comprises main shaft 42, agitating vane 43 and driving servomotor 41 thereof, spiral agitator 4 is by driving servomotor 41 drive shaft 42 and driving agitating vane 43 rotations of being located on main shaft 42, when stirring working bin 3 discharge door 35 closure, by driving servomotor 41 rotatings, make spiral agitator 4 realize back and forth mixing of straw refuse, when discharge door 35 is opened, by driving servomotor 41 forwards, helical mixing blade 42 is released the straw refuse that mixes and is stirred working bin 3 by discharge port 311.
As shown in Figure 1, auxiliary charging machine 5 of the present invention comprises auxiliary feed bin 51, spiral quantitative feeding device 52 and drives servomotor 54 etc., auxiliary feed bin 51 is arranged on spiral quantitative feeding device 52 tops, and spiral quantitative feeding device 52 is connected firmly by the auxiliary charging opening 33 of its discharge port 53 with stirring working bin 3.
As shown in Figure 4, humidifier 6 of the present invention comprises sump 61, atomized water spray volume pump 62 and waterfog head 63 etc., humidifier 6 is positioned at and stirs working bin 3 tops, the water outlet of sump 61 bottoms connects atomized water spray volume pump 62, atomized water spray volume pump 62 is arranged on by hose on the humidification port 32 that stirs working bin 3, and waterfog head 63 inserts and stirs in working bin 3.
The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk of the present invention stirs equipment, and working process is:
The first step to the broken last waste of stalk in feed bin, by charge hoisting by belt conveyer motor speed and time are controlled, and stirs the working bin weighing, gives to stir working bin and carry out quantitatively main reinforced;
Second step by controlling speed of screw shaft and the corner of assisting charging machine, carries out quantitative auxiliary the feeding in raw material such as the organic fertilizer such as solid fermentation bacterium material and ight soil for the stirring working bin, carries out quantitative ingredient;
The 3rd step, in working bin, humidity of materials detects information according to stirring, by to the volume pump timing control, increase the humidity (moisture) of material, control simultaneously mixing speed, stirring turning direction and the churning time of working bin internal screw whipping appts according to the size of straw refuse amount, make the reciprocal uniform stirring of straw refuse, thereby improve mixing quality and efficient;
The 4th step, open the discharge door that stirs working bin, and by speed of screw shaft and controlling angle to spiral agitator, make the material dosing that stirs in working bin discharge, process in order to further carry out fermentation reactor system.

Claims (6)

1. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of stalk stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, comprises feed bin (1), belt material-feeding machine (2), stirring working bin (3), spiral agitator (4), auxiliary charging machine (5) and humidifier (6), described feed bin (1) is positioned at above belt material-feeding machine (2), described belt material-feeding machine (2) is positioned at feed bin (1) and stirs between working bin (3), and described belt material-feeding machine (2) couples together the discharge port (11) of feed bin (1) with the main charging opening (31) that stirs working bin (3), described main charging opening (31) is arranged on and stirs above working bin (3), described stirring working bin (3) top also is provided with auxiliary charging opening (33) and humidification port (32), stir working bin (3) and be connected with auxiliary charging machine (5) by auxiliary charging opening (33), stir working bin (3) and be connected with humidifier (6) by humidification port (32), stir working bin (3) and comprise left Cang Gai (39), right Cang Gai (310) and horizontal spiral whipping appts (4), described left Cang Gai (39) be connected Cang Gai (310) and be connected with the two ends, left and right of horizontal spiral whipping appts (4) respectively, mixing control motor (41) is set on left Cang Gai (39), mixing control motor (41) is connected with stirring working bin (3) internal screw whipping appts (4) by main shaft (42), mixing control motor (41) drives by main shaft (42) and stirs the interior agitating vane of working bin (3) (43) rotation, be provided with discharge port (312) and discharge door (311) in right Cang Gai (310) bottom, discharge door (311) is controlled the keying of discharge port (312), be provided with raffinate relief outlet (35) and three Humidity Detection mouths (34) below stirring working bin (3), described Humidity Detection mouth (34) is connected with humidity detector (36), and raffinate relief outlet (35) is connected with raffinate holder (38).
2. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk according to claim 1 stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, described spiral agitator (4) comprises main shaft (42), agitating vane (43) and driving servomotor (41) thereof, and spiral agitator (4) is by driving servomotor (41) drive shaft (42) and driving agitating vane (43) rotation of being located on main shaft (42); When stirring working bin (3) discharge door (35) closure, by driving servomotor (41) rotating, make back and forth mixing of spiral agitator (4) straw refuse, when discharge door (35) is opened, by driving servomotor (41) forward, helical mixing blade (42) is released the straw refuse that mixes and is stirred working bin (3) by discharge port (311).
3. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk according to claim 1 and 2 stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, described stirring working bin (3) is supported on frame (313) by 4 LOAD CELLS (37).
4. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk according to claim 1 and 2 stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, it is reinforced that described belt material-feeding machine (2) adopts driving servomotor (23) to drive belt dosing device (22), lower end opening for feed (21) is arranged at discharge port (11) lower end of feed bin (1), upper end discharge port (25) is aimed at and is stirred the main charging opening of working bin (3) (31), and upper end discharge port (25) is connected with the stirring main charging opening of working bin (3) (31) by soft pipeline (26).
5. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk according to claim 1 and 2 stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, described auxiliary charging machine (5) comprises auxiliary feed bin (51), spiral quantitative feeding device (52) and drives servomotor (54), described auxiliary feed bin (51) is arranged on above spiral quantitative feeding device (52), and spiral quantitative feeding device (52) is connected with the auxiliary charging opening (33) that stirs working bin (3) firmly by its discharge port (53).
6. the horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk according to claim 1 and 2 stirs equipment, it is characterized in that, described humidifier (6) comprises sump (61), atomized water spray volume pump (62) and waterfog head (63), humidifier (6) is positioned at and stirs above working bin (3), the water outlet of sump (61) bottom connects atomized water spray volume pump (62), atomized water spray volume pump (62) is arranged on by hose on the humidification port (32) that stirs working bin (3), and waterfog head (63) inserts and stirs in working bin (3).
CN201210587144.2A 2013-05-08 2013-05-08 The horizontal Reciprocatory of the broken last waste of a kind of stalk stirs equipment CN103172422B (en)

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Cited By (10)

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CN103602584A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 李家民 Multifunctional integrated biomimetic intelligent robot
CN103694008A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-02 广西金穗农业投资集团有限责任公司 Liquefaction method for organic fertilizer
CN103755408A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-04-30 江苏大学 Straw fermentation production line
CN103896045A (en) * 2014-03-26 2014-07-02 芜湖恒杰膨润土科技有限公司 Bentonite blanking device
CN104041746A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 程梅雪 Lily porridge raw material mixed processing device and use method thereof
CN105198516A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-30 安徽莱姆佳生物科技股份有限公司 High-temperature composting process of wheat straw
CN105493900A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-04-20 浙江宏业装备科技有限公司 Material mixing line
CN106429331A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-02-22 苏州生光塑胶科技有限公司 High-speed feeding machine
CN107397243A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-28 张航 A kind of mobile straw bioconversion device and straw biological conversion system
CN109422551A (en) * 2017-08-23 2019-03-05 鲁婷 A kind of horizontal Reciprocatory stirring equipment of stalk powder waste

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Cited By (15)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103602584A (en) * 2013-11-22 2014-02-26 李家民 Multifunctional integrated biomimetic intelligent robot
CN103694008A (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-02 广西金穗农业投资集团有限责任公司 Liquefaction method for organic fertilizer
CN103755408B (en) * 2013-12-19 2016-04-27 江苏大学 A kind of Straw fermentation production line
CN103755408A (en) * 2013-12-19 2014-04-30 江苏大学 Straw fermentation production line
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CN104041746A (en) * 2014-07-03 2014-09-17 程梅雪 Lily porridge raw material mixed processing device and use method thereof
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CN105198516A (en) * 2015-09-28 2015-12-30 安徽莱姆佳生物科技股份有限公司 High-temperature composting process of wheat straw
CN105493900A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-04-20 浙江宏业装备科技有限公司 Material mixing line
CN105493900B (en) * 2016-01-22 2019-12-27 浙江宏业装备科技有限公司 Preparation device for edible fungus culture medium
CN106429331A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-02-22 苏州生光塑胶科技有限公司 High-speed feeding machine
CN107397243A (en) * 2017-07-21 2017-11-28 张航 A kind of mobile straw bioconversion device and straw biological conversion system
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