CN103168201A - Crude gas torch comprising an adjustable opening cross-section for flaring combustible gases and method for burning crude gases - Google Patents

Crude gas torch comprising an adjustable opening cross-section for flaring combustible gases and method for burning crude gases Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103168201A
CN103168201A CN2011800387536A CN201180038753A CN103168201A CN 103168201 A CN103168201 A CN 103168201A CN 2011800387536 A CN2011800387536 A CN 2011800387536A CN 201180038753 A CN201180038753 A CN 201180038753A CN 103168201 A CN103168201 A CN 103168201A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
gas
tube
burning
released
torch burning
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011800387536A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
F·克雷贝尔
博多·弗赖穆特
Original Assignee
蒂森克虏伯伍德公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to DE102010035153A priority Critical patent/DE102010035153A1/en
Priority to DE102010035153.9 priority
Application filed by 蒂森克虏伯伍德公司 filed Critical 蒂森克虏伯伍德公司
Priority to PCT/EP2011/004111 priority patent/WO2012031666A1/en
Publication of CN103168201A publication Critical patent/CN103168201A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G5/00Incineration of waste; Incinerator constructions; Details, accessories or control therefor
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16KVALVES; TAPS; COCKS; ACTUATING-FLOATS; DEVICES FOR VENTING OR AERATING
    • F16K3/00Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing
    • F16K3/02Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor
    • F16K3/03Gate valves or sliding valves, i.e. cut-off apparatus with closing members having a sliding movement along the seat for opening and closing with flat sealing faces; Packings therefor with a closure member in the form of an iris-diaphragm
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23GCREMATION FURNACES; CONSUMING WASTE PRODUCTS BY COMBUSTION
    • F23G7/00Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals
    • F23G7/06Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases
    • F23G7/08Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases using flares, e.g. in stacks
    • F23G7/085Incinerators or other apparatus for consuming industrial waste, e.g. chemicals of waste gases or noxious gases, e.g. exhaust gases using flares, e.g. in stacks in stacks

Abstract

The invention relates to a device for flaring combustible gases, comprising an adjustable opening cross-section, wherein said device comprises three tubes which are arranged about a common longitudinal axis, and wherein the tubes are arranged at least in some sections in a common cross-sectional plane, and wherein the inner tube is designed as a gas introduction tube and comprises at the opening that ends at the top in the vertical direction a diaphragm that can be adjusted in the cross section and through which the gas stream can be closed or regulated and which is fitted with an automatable mechanism for adjusting the opening cross-section. The device typically contains also at least one air guiding plate, feed devices for an inert gas and an ignition mechanism, thereby ensuring a high reliability for flaring the gas and a low emission of nitrogen oxides and soot. The invention further relates to a method for operating said device which is suitable for flaring crude gases which are to be combusted.

Description

Be used for the raw-gas mix flare burner that comprises the adjustable openings cross section of fuel gas torch burning and the method that is used for the burning raw-gas
The present invention relates to a kind ofly to be designed to have variable bleeder/the raw-gas bleeder of mix flare burner raw-gas outlet/mix flare burner dress Ge; this dress Ge is by consisting of to several pipes that are nested with, they are formed for raw-gas is released/a bleeder/mix flare burner of torch burning; This arrangement has comprised a nozzle with a variable cross section, described Jet control raw-gas is supplied with in the following manner, namely makes outlet side at bleeder/mix flare burner can adjust an almost constant speed and can adjust an almost constant pressure at the inlet side of this bleeder/mix flare burner.In this way, can avoid this bleeder/mix flare burner flame to extinguish unexpectedly with discrete in operation.The invention still further relates to a kind of method for burning coke oven raw-gas, have nozzle of variable cross section by use and a plurality of pipes that use has a particular cross section ratio obtain a constant flow rate in the waste side of this bleeder/mix flare burner in the method.
Many commercial runs have been produced and can not be used for the gas further used, and this is not desirable due to the reason of economy or technology.The Multi-instance of these class methods is commercial coke oven gas or is accompanied by burned or Oxidative demage when producing refinery products and the waste gas that obtains.This method also is known as and releases/torch burning, because this combustion method normally carries out in the exit of an open tube and is not used in produce power.When a fault appears in gas treatment or gas purification factory area, remain to be released/these gases of torch burning obtain under too high or pressure that change typically, and therefore can not be used for further using.
Also contingent is that these gases of preparing burning are a kind of chemical mixtures, and this has caused low heat value, and in the limited range that therefore these gases can only be used for further using.Due to these reasons, the releasing of these gases expection/torch burning also can meet with further technical problem.In order to release/torch burning, this remains to be released/and the gas of torch burning must guarantee abundant burning with an enough and constant pressure supply.In atmosphere due to these burning gases around usually flowing into, this remains to be released/and the gas of torch burning must there is no any burning discontinuously as far as possible fully.This means not only this remain to be released/pressure of the gas of torch burning must control, and the air supply that is used for burning also must be controlled.In addition, must guarantee that escape gas can be refired immediately at the discharge end of this organ pipe of releasing when fray-out of flame, this depends on a some fire dress Ge reliably.
Finally, making multinomial effort avoids or at least significantly reduces this flame so-called " discrete ".This process has referred to the uncontrolled flicker at this this flame of pipe port of export, especially in the situation that wind effect is arranged.Thisly discretely caused that this flame maximum heat intensity of flow presses following mode and be offset, namely made and to damage these bleeders/mix flare burner facility or even contiguous factory area.
Be fit to remain burning gases release/torch burning and the Duo Zhong Zhuan Ge that is designed to avoid this class problem to occur known in the prior art.US5472340A has described a kind of Zhuan Ge for this purpose, its claim be a torch burning igniter and a raw-gas mix flare burner.Gai Zhuan Ge comprises at least two conduits that have different length and share a common longitudinal axis, these conduits are arranged to an outer conduit and an inner conduit at least in the following manner on some cross sections, namely make combustion air can enter the zone of cloth Ge between these two conduits, and an end of this inner conduit allows burning gases to enter in the following manner in this zone, namely makes this dress Ge form a mix flare burner.A plurality of overlaps that are used for making this gas flow and Air Flow generation deviation at least two some places of this mix flare burner also comprise combustion process.Randomly, this some fire dress Ge can also come work with sun-generated electric power.
The task that reliable torch burning igniter is provided has been completed in described invention particularly.Yet, this mentioned dress Ge only can in the situation that this remain burning gases and have a relatively constant pressure and operate without any being interrupted.Permission releases when low-pressure/and the operation of this gas of torch burning do not mention.Equally, be used for to reduce Wind effect and guarantee that, operation undisturbed burning irrelevant with atmosphere do not mention yet.Finally, when burning high-carbon gas, made the formation that multinomial effort minimizes coal smoke, in order to get rid of the adverse effect to ambient atmosphere.Again, the operation that is used for this measure is not mentioned in this described patent application.Finally, this equipment also may for example be occurred in the hyperthermia load damage of a discrete flame direction.
Therefore, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of permission/acquisition this remain to be released/torch burning gas as far as possible fully and without soot combustion De Zhuan Ge, Gai Zhuan Ge has minimum possible coal smoke and discharged nitrous oxides.This burning also should be according to a kind of interference-free and continual mode, remain at this to be released/and torch burning gas is in the admission pressure situation of variation and occurs.This flame direction should be constant as far as possible in order to keep the low thermic load of this bleeder/mix flare burner material.Wind should not have interference effect to the impact of this flame.Finally, Gai Zhuan Ge also should remain to be released to this/torch burning gas provides a reliably igniting.
the present invention by a kind of for fuel gas being released/torch burning, have variable openings cross section De Zhuan Ge and reach this purpose, described Zhuan Ge is made of three different pipes around a common longitudinal axis arrangement, and these pipes are arranged to be on a plurality of cross sections on a common sectional plane at least, and inner tube is designed to a gas feed pipe, and the opening part that this pipe terminates up at vertical direction is equipped with a baffle plate with variable cross section, described baffle plate is used for closing or control this gas flow and is equipped with a kind of automatable mechanism being used for regulating this opening section.This dress Ge typically also by at least one air guide plate and externally a plurality of moulding sections at pipe place consist of, these moulding sections allow directly supply air and burn uninterruptedly that this remains to be released/torch burning gas.
Gai Zhuan Ge also comprises a plurality of Jin Liao Zhuan Ge of a some Huo Zhuan Ge and a kind of inert fluid, and this some Huo Zhuan Ge allows the interference-free igniting of this gas; Preferably steam is in order to minimize coal smoke and the formation of carbon monoxide for this inert fluid, and this hydrocarbon gas namely as far as possible fully burns.Have the baffle plate of variable cross section by this, the admission pressure of escape gas and mass rate of emission thereof can be controlled in a wide region or keep constant.Consequently, can maximize control and Optimizing Combustion and flame forms.
Particularly, claim of the present invention be a kind of for fuel gas is released/torch burning, have variable openings cross section De Zhuan Ge, Gai Zhuan Ge is made of the following:
A gas feed pipe, this gas feed pipe are equipped with an opening that terminates at vertical direction up,
A mixing tube, this mixing tube have a larger inner section of comparing with the outer cross section of this gas feed pipe maximum, make like this a zone between these pipes keep Kong Ge; This mixing tube is made of a concentric tube, diffuser and the turbulator with downward increasing section with the increasing section that makes progress,
An inner tube, this inner tube is arranged to around this gas feed pipe and has a larger inner section of comparing with the outer cross section of this gas feed pipe maximum, and has a less outer cross section of comparing with the inner section of this mixing tube minimum
At least one air guide plate, this air guide plate are positioned between this inner tube and this mixing tube,
And it is characterized in that
A baffle plate with variable cross section is arranged in the opening part that terminates at vertical direction up, and described baffle plate is used for closing or controlling this gas flow and be equipped with for a kind of automatable mechanism that regulates this opening section.
The embodiment of these pipes can also be any type.Typically, this exterior tube (also referred to as mixing tube) is equipped with an extension that upwards enlarges at the top.It also is known as diffuser.Described top part is used for this flame of guiding.The bottom part of this mixing tube first and foremost is used to supply air.This part of this mixing tube also is known as turbulator and is expanded into a downward opening.In order directly to supply combustion air, described part can also be equipped with plate or a plurality of air guide plate of a plurality of baffle effect.In principle, the plate of a plurality of baffle effect or air guide plate can be according to any tab sequencial Bei An Ge on each pipes.A plurality of embodiment about these pipe designs are known in the prior art.
This combustion air enter this mixing tube by this turbulator and both be admitted to this mixing tube and this inner tube between the zone in, also be admitted in the zone between this inner tube and this gas feed pipe.A kind of two stage burnings that this has caused the opposing nitrogen oxide to form.
Regulate reliably or close under the condition in this bleeder/mix flare burner inner tube cross section at it, this baffle plate of regulating or closing this inner tube cross section can be any type.This baffle plate is preferably made by a kind of heat proof material, so that opposing is in the different temperatures of this flame of this bleeder/mix flare burner exit formation.This barrier material also must resist this and remain to be released/the various corrosivity compositions that comprise in torch burning gas.This material is heat-resisting and corrosion resisting steel preferably.
In one exemplary embodiment, this baffle plate is made of a plurality of plates, these plates towards this gas feed tube hub can be with one heart, tangentially and circularly close.This corresponding embodiment is because it is present in a photograph diaphragm comparably.In order to open or to close, these plates move towards the center of this pipe in the horizontal direction.The quantity of these plates and size are optional.Importantly the material of this baffle plate can be resisted and account for leading temperature and gas or liquid component.From an embodiment of known these baffle plates of US4094492A, these baffle plates tangentially and are circularly closed towards a tube hub (" iris formula shutter ").Yet patent specification is not taught any control measure for the bleeder/mix flare burner of gas combustion, comprises these effective specific necessary conditions, for example different high temperature and corrosion resistance gas.
In another exemplary embodiment, this baffle plate is made of a plurality of plates, these plates towards this gas feed tube hub be with one heart, secant ground and directly flatly closable.
In another exemplary embodiment, these plates are to make progress or downward-sloping coming for open at vertical direction.In the case, these plates are designed to a plurality of blades, and these blades preferably stretch at flow direction up by an actuator.This corresponding embodiment is because it is present in an iris diaphragm comparably.It is more that these blades up stretch, and this diaphragm is opened just larger.The quantity of these blades, their size and material are optional.Known these baffle plates embodiment from DE10002529A1, these baffle plates make progress with vertical direction in pipe (" iris formula nozzle ") or are stretched to be used for open downwards.Patent specification is not taught any control measure for these bleeder/mix flare burners of gas combustion yet, comprises these effective specific necessary conditions, for example different high temperature and corrosion resistance gas.
In an illustrative embodiments, this diaphragm can be regulated by an electric actuator.Yet, can also select a pneumatic actuator.The selection of this actuator types is given the common operational staff in this area and is gone to decide.The arrangement of these baffle plates can temporarily or for good and all be selected in such a way, and namely making has a hole at the center of this baffle plate arrangement.
In one embodiment of the invention, a nozzle that is used for supplying with a kind of inert gas is positioned at least one some place in this gas feed pipe, this inner tube or this mixing tube.Typically, this inert gas is steam.According to different burning conditions, the formation that allows continuous flame to control and reduce considerably coal smoke and carbon monoxide as the supply of the steam of driving gas is almost entirely to complete the burning of the various hydrocarbons that comprise in this gas.This Zhuan Ge can be a nozzle or a simple gas inlet pipe.Be used for that steam is delivered to this to remain to be released/a plurality of nozzles in the gas of torch burning are known in the prior art.Taught an exemplary embodiment of these feed nozzles in DE69917073T2.These nozzles can and then be equipped with a kind of Kong of any type Zhuan Ge processed.The latter can also be made of a plurality of baffle plates of similar Xing Zhuan Ge of the present invention.
In another embodiment of the present invention, Xing Zhuan Ge of the present invention is equipped be used to a kind of Zhuan Ge that lights this gas.For example, therefore might arrange a plurality of igniting conducting strips in the cross section of this inner tube or this mixing tube.In a favourable embodiment, these are at least two igniting conducting strips with the angular arrangement of 80 ° to 100 °, and obtain producing by voltage the help of an electric arc or pilot spark.This voltage can be produced by any Zhuan Ge.It can freely select to guarantee reliable igniting.Provided an a kind of embodiment of igniter rod-type arrangement of prior art in US4147498A.
The gas feed of this bleeder/mix flare burner/gas feed device can be also any type.In a simple embodiment, this is a simple pipe, this gas is brought in such a way into the gas access of this inner tube, namely makes this escape gas pressure only by property baffle controls of the present invention.At one further and in the embodiment that optimizes, one can pently release/the torch burning valve is positioned under this inner tube and this mixing tube.This releasing/torch burning valve can be any type.For example, it can be made of the cup that floats with the water supply, makes like this gas pressure that enters this cup that floats just be controlled to a certain degree or be closed in gas feed place of this bleeder/mix flare burner.Describe a kind of pressure in EP1390440B1 and controlled an embodiment of the cup that floats.
In another embodiment, this releases/and the torch burning valve comprises at least one by the unsteady cup that two compartments consist of, and described these compartments can be opened independently of each other, control and be closed.In this way, this releases/the torch burning valve has Rong Yu Pei Ge, though consequently this was released in the situation that compartment loses efficacy/and the torch burning valve still can work, and prevent that this gas that remains to be released is placed in atmosphere with unburned state.In prior art, fully known these are equipped with the gas feed of a plurality of unsteady cups to release/the torch burning valve.Outstanding selection of land, these release/and the torch burning valve is open, control or cut out by the supplementary means of a pneumatic linear actuator.For embodiments of the invention, might activate respectively each compartment.As using two pneumatic linear actuators.Even the cup that should float remained and can work in the situation that cylinder loses efficacy.
Also having of claim of the present invention a kind ofly comes method for burning coke oven raw-gas with property dress Ge of the present invention.Typically, it this is remained released/torch burning gas sends into this gas feed pipe and controls this by this baffle plate with variable cross section and remain to be released/setting of torch burning gas discharging speed.Typically, release/the torch burning process in this remain to be released/speed of torch burning escape gas controlled in such a way, namely make this speed keep constant and guarantee that interference-free flame controls.This process has prevented that also this flame is unexpected discrete or extinguish.
In one embodiment of the invention, a kind of two stage burnings have caused the flame temperature that reduces.this two stage burning is that the selection by the cross section ratio of the cross section ratio of this gas feed pipe and this inner tube and this inner tube and this mixing tube realizes, these cross section ratios are selected in the following manner, that is: make the air feed rate that is reduced that arrives this inner tube cause a substoichiometric combustion air ratio (the first combustion phases) in this inner tube, and the combustion air ratio (the second combustion phases) that causes a metachemistry equivalent above this inner tube by the air feed rate that increases in proportion that the annular gap between this mixing tube and this inner tube arrives this mixing tube.This two stage burning has resisted the formation of nitrogen oxide.
In another embodiment of the present invention, a kind of inert gas is admitted in this gas feed pipe, this inner tube or this mixing tube.Preferably, this inert gas is steam.Yet, the raw-gas of can amount supplied outer, prepare to release/torch burning.Finally, in another embodiment of the present invention, can also supply steam and remain to be released/a kind of gaseous mixture of torch burning gas.The pressure supply that this gaseous mixture preferably clings to 7 bar to 15.
Be fit to release/torch burning be all kinds gas with enough high heating values.Typically, these gases are multiple coke oven raw-gas or multiple refinery gas.
Can this be remained to be released with the mode of wanting/torch burning gas sends into property bleeder/mix flare burner of the present invention.In a simple embodiment, this can carry out according to uncontrolled mode by a simple pipe.In a preferred embodiment, one comprises at least one cup that floats that is arranged under these organ pipes of releasing at the releasing of upstream/torch burning valve.
As described, this valve is preferably made by two cups that float, and these cups that float can also be designed to two compartments of independent operation.In a preferred embodiment, each that should be in these two compartments of the unsteady cup of the releasing of upstream/torch burning valve can synchronously be opened, control or close by a pneumatic linear actuator.
Yet each compartment of this whole unsteady cup can operate respectively.In this way, can resist a kind of unexpected obstruction of this valve under a Kong Zhuan Ge processed failure conditions in order to prevent that this gas from putting into atmosphere with unburned state.According to the present invention, a gas collection vessel/receiver serves as a buffer container and can be assigned to this bleeder/mix flare burner, in order to close this baffle plate or the generation of a pressure of releasing/resist during the torch burning valve of this upstream.
Finally, use the method for property of the present invention to allow the quantity of these raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burners reduce considerably, reliability is higher because the thermally developing of these bleeder/mix flare burners is lower.Half of these bleeders/mix flare burner normal quantity is often enough.These bleeder/mix flare burners can also have lower height design, because heat radiation is lower and do not need to consider the discharging of unburned gas.
The present invention has the following advantages: this bleeder/mix flare burner can this remain to be released/a constant mass rate of emission job of torch burning gas, has caused continuous flame to be controlled and has released/the torch burning reliability together with height.Avoided the discrete unexpected skew together with maximum heat intensity of flow point of flame, in order to prevent to any damage of this bleeder/mix flare burner and to any infringement of environment.Than these prior aries Zhuan Ge, the impact of wind on this release/impact that the torch burning process causes significantly reduces.A possibility of putting reliably fire dress Ge is installed has guaranteed in such a way continuous burning, namely make unexpected unburned gas discharging suppressed practically.Can stop practically and release/formation of coal smoke and the formation that can successfully resist nitrogen oxide by two stage burnings during torch burning high-carbon gas by supplying with inert gas.
Showed in more detail the present invention by four drawing that a plurality of exemplary embodiments are shown, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiment.
Fig. 1 show be not with the upstream release/torch burning valve and this baffle plate Chu be in the side view of an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner opening Wei Ge.Fig. 2 show have the upstream release/torch burning valve and this baffle plate Chu be in an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner opening Wei Ge.Fig. 3 show have the upstream release/torch burning valve and this baffle plate Chu be in the invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner of Guan Bi Wei Ge.Fig. 4 shows property raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner of the present invention of seeing from the top.
Fig. 1 shows the side view of an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner 1.This raw-gas 2 escapes into the top from gas feed pipe 3.This gas feed pipe 3 by so-called inner tube 4 around.This and then mixed pipe 5 around, this mixing tube is made of a core 5a, a turbulator 5b and a diffuser 5c.The top discharge end (3a) of this gas feed pipe 3 is equipped with a baffle plate 6, and this baffle plate is realized opening by lifting up at vertical direction.The actuator 7 of opening, controlling and cutting out this baffle plate 6 is illustrated.A flame 8 is formed on the top discharge end of this bleeder/mix flare burner.
Fig. 2 shows to have the upstream and releases/side view of an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner 1 of torch burning valve 9.Raw-gas 2 escapes into the top from this gas feed pipe 3.The top discharge end 3a of this gas feed pipe 3 is equipped with a baffle plate 6, and this baffle plate is realized opening by lifting up at vertical direction.At this, what illustrate is to open Wei Ge 6a.Open, control and the actuator 7 of closing baffle plate 6 also as seen.Have an ignition mechanism 10 above baffle plate 6, this ignition mechanism has two igniting conducting strip 10a, the 10b formation that staggers with 90 °.By these igniting conducting strips 10a, 10b, not shown at this by two electrode 10d, 10e(by using), the voltage of power supply can produce an electric arc 10c.Also show a plurality of air guide plates 11 at this, these air guide plates are arranged in this inner tube 4 or in this mixing tube 5.Bleeder/mix flare burner 1 also is equipped with a Jin Liao Zhuan Ge 12 for a kind of inert gas 12a, and this inert gas is steam preferably.One is provided under this bleeder/mix flare burner 1 and comprises the cup that floats that is made of two compartment 9a, 9b at the releasing of upstream/torch burning valve 9.Each in these two compartments is equipped with a cover piece that can be lifted by a pneumatic actuator.
Fig. 3 shows the side view that has at an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner 1 of the releasing of upstream/torch burning valve 9.Raw-gas 2 escapes into the top from gas feed pipe 3.The top discharge end 3a of gas feed pipe 3 is equipped with a baffle plate 6, and this baffle plate is opened by raising up at vertical direction.Be Guan Bi Wei Ge 6a shown in this, so this gas flow stop fully or almost completely.
Fig. 4 shows the top view of an invention raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner 1.What illustrate is the cross section of mixing tube 5, inner tube 4 and the gas feed pipe 3 of bending.These baffle plates 6 tangentially are arranged and can open by lateral tilt.This actuator 7 and these igniting conducting strips 10a, 10b shown in this.What also illustrate at this is these feed nozzles 12 for this inert gas 12a, and this inert gas is steam preferably.
Reference number inventory used
1 raw-gas bleeder/mix flare burner
2 raw-gas
3 gas feed pipes
The discharge end of 3a gas feed pipe
4 inner tube
5 mixing tubes
The core of 5a mixing tube
The 5b turbulator
The 5c diffuser
6 baffle plates
The baffle plate that 6a opens
The baffle plate that 6b closes
7 actuators
8 flames
9 release/the torch burning valve
The unsteady cup of a 9a compartment
The unsteady cup of a 9b compartment
10 ignition mechanisms
The inner igniting of 10a conducting strip
The outside igniting of 10b conducting strip
10c electric arc
The 10d power supply
The 10e power supply
More than 11 air guide plate
More than 12 feed nozzle
The 12a inert gas

Claims (18)

1. one kind is used for fuel gas (2) is released/device (1) torch burning, that have variable openings cross section (3a), and this device is made of the following:
A gas feed pipe (3), this gas feed pipe are equipped with an opening (3a) that terminates at vertical direction up,
A mixing tube (5), this mixing tube has a larger inner section of comparing with the maximum outer cross section of this gas feed pipe (3), make like this at these two pipes (3,5) zone between keeps vacant, this mixing tube (3) has the diffuser (5c) in the cross section that upwards increases by a concentric tube, one and turbulator (5b) that one has downward increasing section consists of
An inner tube (4), this inner tube is arranged to around this gas feed pipe (3) and has a larger inner section of comparing with the outer cross section of this gas feed pipe (3) maximum, and has a less outer cross section of comparing with the minimum inner section of this mixing tube (5)
At least one air guide plate (11), this air guide plate are positioned between this inner tube (4) and this mixing tube (5),
It is characterized in that
Baffle plate (6) with variable cross section is arranged in vertical direction up the opening (3a) of termination and locates, and described baffle plate is used to close or controls this gas flow (2) and be equipped with a kind of automatable mechanism and is used for regulating this opening section (7).
2. according to claim 1 for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this baffle plate (6) is made of a plurality of plates, these plates are being closable with one heart, tangentially and circularly on the horizontal direction of this gas feed tube hub (3).
3. according to claim 1 for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this baffle plate (6) is made of a plurality of plates, these plates on the direction of this gas feed tube hub (3) be with one heart, secant ground and directly flatly closable.
4. according to claim 1 for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this baffle plate (6) is made of a plurality of plates, these plates are to make progress or downward-sloping coming for open at vertical direction.
5. any one according to claim 1 to 4 is described for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this baffle plate (6) can be regulated by an electric actuator (7).
6. any one according to claim 1 to 4 is described for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this baffle plate (6) can be regulated by a pneumatic actuator (7).
7. any one according to claim 1 to 6 is described for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that being positioned at least one some place in this gas feed pipe (3), this inner tube (4) or this mixing tube (5) be used at least one nozzle (12) of supplying with a kind of inert gas (12a).
8. any one according to claim 1 to 7 is described for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that at least two igniting conducting strip (10a with the angular arrangement of 80 ° to 100 °, 10b) be arranged at the cross section of this inner tube (4) or this mixing tube (5) within, and obtain can producing by voltage the help of an electric arc or pilot spark (10c).
9. any one according to claim 1 to 8 is described for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this gas feed pipe (3) can by one release/torch burning valve (9) cuts out, this releases/the torch burning valve is positioned under this inner tube (3) and this mixing tube (5).
10. according to claim 9 for fuel gas (2) being released/device (1) torch burning, that have the variable openings cross section, it is characterized in that this release/torch burning valve (9) comprises at least one cup (9a that floats, 9b), should float cup by two compartment (9a, 9b) consist of, and described compartment (9a, 9b) can be opened independently of one another, controls and close.
11. a method that is used for raw-gas (2) burning by the described dress of any one (1) according to claim 1 to 10 is characterized in that the admission pressure of the gas that this remains to be released and/or mass rate of emission are to regulate by a baffle plate with variable cross section (6).
12. the method for raw-gas (2) burning according to claim 11, the cross section ratio and this inner tube (4) that it is characterized in that this gas feed pipe (3) and this inner tube (4) are selected in the following manner with the cross section ratio of this mixing tube (5), that is: make the air feed rate that is reduced that arrives this inner tube (4) cause a substoichiometric combustion air ratio in this inner tube (4), and cause combustion air ratio at a metachemistry equivalent of this inner tube (4) top by the air feed rate that increases in proportion that the annular gap between this mixing tube (5) and this inner tube (4) arrives this mixing tube (5).
13. according to claim 11 or the described method for raw-gas (2) burning of any one in 12, it is characterized in that remaining releasing/and the mass rate of emission of the escape gas (2) of torch burning releasing/keep constant in the torch burning process.
14. according to claim 11 to the described method for raw-gas (2) burning of any one in 13, it is characterized in that a kind of inert gas (12a) is admitted among this gas feed pipe (3), this inner tube (4) or this mixing tube (5).
15. the method for raw-gas (2) burning according to claim 14 is characterized in that this inert gas (12a) is steam.
16. the method for raw-gas (2) burning according to claim 14 is characterized in that this inert gas (12a) is steam and remain to be released/a kind of gaseous mixture of the gas of torch burning.
17. according to claim 14 to the described method for raw-gas (2) burning of any one in 16, it is characterized in that this inert gas (12a) is to supply with the pressure of 7 bar to 15 bar.
18. according to claim 11 to the described method for raw-gas (2) burning of any one in 17, it is characterized in that this release/two compartments of the unsteady cup (9a, 9b) of torch burning valve (9) can synchronously be opened, control or close by a pneumatic linear actuator.
CN2011800387536A 2010-08-23 2011-08-16 Crude gas torch comprising an adjustable opening cross-section for flaring combustible gases and method for burning crude gases CN103168201A (en)

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DE102010035153A DE102010035153A1 (en) 2010-08-23 2010-08-23 Crude gas flare with adjustable opening cross-section for flaring flammable gases and combustion of raw gases
DE102010035153.9 2010-08-23
PCT/EP2011/004111 WO2012031666A1 (en) 2010-08-23 2011-08-16 Crude gas torch comprising an adjustable opening cross-section for flaring combustible gases and method for burning crude gases

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AR082525A1 (en) 2012-12-12
KR20140015251A (en) 2014-02-06
EP2609370A1 (en) 2013-07-03
CA2809070A1 (en) 2012-03-15
WO2012031666A1 (en) 2012-03-15
BR112013003948A2 (en) 2016-07-12
CO6650401A2 (en) 2013-04-15
UA108385C2 (en) 2015-04-27
MX2013002091A (en) 2013-04-03
CL2013000486A1 (en) 2013-10-18
US20130143170A1 (en) 2013-06-06
JP2013536396A (en) 2013-09-19
AU2011300895A1 (en) 2013-01-31
RU2013110027A (en) 2014-09-27

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