—种开关技术领域 本发明涉及电气设备技术领域，更具体地说，涉及一种开关。 - Switch species Field  The present invention relates to the field of electrical devices and, more particularly, to a switch. 背景技术目前，市场上设置于电路中的开关大部分为旋转式或者按压式，其中，旋转式开关包括汽车电动窗开关、电子手刹开关等；按压式开关包括汽车方向盘音响开关、空调调节开关等。  Currently, the market is provided in the circuit switch or a rotary press majority formula, wherein the rotary switch includes automotive power window switch, electronic parking brake switch or the like; push switch comprises a steering wheel audio switches, air conditioning adjusting switch.  如图1所示，其为一种旋转式开关的结构原理图，该旋转式开关包括旋转体01、固定体02、弹性部件03、摩擦部件04 (钢珠或塑料件)，其中，旋转体01为人为操作部件，其围绕旋转中心05旋转，旋转方向如图中箭头所示，摩擦部件04通过弹性部件03设置于固定体02上，并与旋转体01接触。  Figure 1, which shows the schematic structure of a rotary switch, the rotary switch includes a rotating body 01, the fixed member 02, the elastic member 03, the friction member 04 (ball or plastic), wherein manual operation of rotating body member 01, which surrounds the center of rotation 05, the rotation direction of the arrow in FIG., the friction member 04 by the elastic member 03 disposed on the fixed body 02 and is in contact with the rotating body 01. 此旋转式开关在工作时，旋转体01发生旋转，与摩擦部件04发生相对摩擦滑动以实现电路的断开或导通。 This rotary switch is in operation, the rotating body 01 is rotated, the friction member 04 relative to the occurrence of sliding friction or to achieve a given circuit is turned on. 操作人员在对旋转体01施加作用力时，会使弹性部件03发生变形，进而产生一个反作用力，操作人员会感觉到此反作用力的作用，进而体会到此旋转式开关的操作手感。 When the operator applies a force to the rotating member 01, causes the spring member 03 is deformed, thereby generating a reaction force, the operator will feel the effect of this reaction force, the operating handle and thus experience this rotary switch.  如图2所示，其为一种按压式开关的结构原理图，该按压式开关包括按压部件06、电路板07、设置在电路板07与按压部件06之间的硅胶垫08。  Figure 2, which shows the schematic structure of a push switch, the push switch comprises silica pressing member 06, the circuit board 07, the circuit board 07 is disposed between the pressing member 06 and the pad 08. 此按压式开关在工作时，需要人为接触按压部件06，对其施加压力或拉力使其沿图中箭头方向移动，进而实现与电路板07的接触和脱离以控制电路的导通和断开。 This push switch is at work, the need for human contact with the pressing member 06, a pressure or tension applied thereto and moved in the direction of arrow in FIG, thus achieving a contact with the circuit board 07 is turned on and off to the control circuit on and off. 其中，硅胶垫08具有弹性，能够自动恢复原形，在按压部件06移动使硅胶垫08发生变形后，其在恢复原形的过程中，同样会给按压部件06 —个反作用力，使操作人员感觉到操作手感。 Wherein the silica gel has an elastic pad 08 can automatically return to their original, moving the pressing member 06 so that the deformed pad of silica gel 08, which in the prototype of the recovery process, the same will give the pressing member 06 - of the reaction force, the operator feels operation feel.  上述开关中，无论是旋转式开关还是按压式开关，其均为接触式开关，即人为操作的部件需要与其他部件进行接触以控制电路的导通和断开，在长时间多次使用后，旋转式开关和按压式开关的接触部位均会发生一定程度的磨损或弹性疲劳，不仅会对自身寿命和电路的导通效果产生一定的影响，更重要的是较大程度的影响了操作手感，降了低操作人员的操作舒适度。  The switch, rotary switch or whether it is a push switch, which are the contact type switch, i.e. the manual operation member for contact with other parts needed to turn on and off the control circuit, a plurality of times in a long time after use, the rotary switch contact portion and a push switch will occur a certain degree of elastic fatigue or wear, not only have some impact on the circuit's own life and conduction effect, more importantly, a greater degree of influence of operating handle, down low operating comfort of the operator.  因此，如何提高操作人员的操作舒适度，是目前本领域技术人员亟待解决的问题。  Therefore, how to improve the operating comfort of the operator, it is skilled in the art problems to be solved. 发明内容 有鉴于此，本发明提供了一种开关，其进一步提高了操作人员的操作舒适度。 SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION  Accordingly, the present invention provides a switch, which further improves the operational comfort of the operator.  为了达到上述目的，本发明提供如下技术方案: 一种开关，其包括: 位置固定的固定磁体； 可与所述固定磁体在磁力作用下进行定位的移动磁体。  To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:  A switch, comprising:  stationary fixed magnet;  may be positioned with the fixed magnet under the magnetic force moving magnet.  优选的，上述开关中，所述移动磁体设置在连接杆上，所述连接杆铰接在所述开关的壳体上。  Preferably, the switch, the moving magnet is provided in the connecting rod, said connecting rod is articulated at the housing of the switch.  优选的，上述开关中，所述连接杆远离所述移动磁体的一端为操作端，所述操作端伸出所述壳体。  Preferably, in the switch, the connecting rod end remote from the operating end of the moving magnet, the operating end extends out of the housing.  优选的，上述开关中，多个所述固定磁体通过磁体安装座设置在所述壳体的底部。  Preferably, in the switch, a plurality of the fixed magnet by a magnet mount provided at the bottom of the housing.  优选的，上述开关中，还包括设置在所述连接杆上的遮罩，且所述遮罩为弧面形遮罩。  Preferably, in the switch, further comprising a connecting rod disposed in the mask, and the mask is arc-shaped shield.  优选的，上述开关中，所述固定磁体为多个，且在同一平面内沿直线排列。  Preferably, in the switch, a plurality of the fixed magnet, and arranged along a straight line in the same plane.  本发明提供的开关中，其在工作时，操作人员对移动磁体进行操作，令移动磁体发生移动，当移动磁体与其中一个固定磁体位置对应时，移动磁体和固定磁体相互靠近的两个磁极为异性磁极，由于磁极之间异性相吸，从而使得移动磁体与此固定磁体之间相互吸弓丨，进而使移动磁体相对于此固定磁体不再发生位置改变。  The switch of the present invention provided that in operation, the operator of the moving magnet is operated, so that the mobile magnet moves, when the mobile magnet and wherein a fixed magnet position corresponding moving magnet and a stationary magnet near to each other two poles of opposite poles, between the poles since opposites attract, so that movement of the magnets attract each other with this bow Shu between the fixed magnet, the moving magnet opposite thereto and thus fixed magnet position change no longer occurs. 在操作人员对移动磁体进行操作使其定位状态发生改变时，使固定磁体和移动磁体之间相互吸引的磁力会阻止移动磁体的移动，从而使操作人员在磁力作用下感受到操作手感。 When the operator of the positioning of the movable magnet is operated to change state, so that between the fixed magnet and the mobile magnet will magnetically attract each other to prevent movement of the mobile magnet, so that the operator operating feel felt by a magnetic force. 本发明提供的开关，通过移动磁体和固定磁体之间的磁力作用来体现操作手感，取代了传统接触式开关的接触操作方式，由于移动磁体和固定磁体为非接触式感应，所以避免了部件之间的相互磨损，长时间、多次使用也不会对操作人员的操作手感产生影响，进一步提供高了操作舒适度。 The present invention provides a switch, moved by a magnetic force acting between the magnet and the stationary magnet to reflect the operating handle, replace the traditional contact operation of the contact switch, since the moving magnet and a stationary magnet non-contact type sensor, the member is avoided mutual wear, prolonged, repeated use of the operating feel will not have an impact on operators to further provide high operating comfort. 附图说明 为了更清楚地说明本发明实施例或现有技术中的技术方案，下面将对实施例或现有技术描述中所需要使用的附图作简单地介绍，显而易见地，下面描述中的附图仅仅是本发明的一些实施例，对于本领域普通技术人员来讲，在不付出创造性劳动的前提下，还可以根据这些附图获得其他的附图。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION  In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments or the prior art embodiment of the present invention, the accompanying drawings for describing the embodiments or the prior art described in the introduction required simply Apparently, the following the drawings are merely described some embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art is concerned, without creative efforts, we can derive from these drawings other drawings.  图1为现有技术提供的旋转式开关的结构原理图； 图2为现有技术提供的按压式开关的结构原理图； 图3为本发明实施例提供的开关的结构示意图(以设置三个固定磁体为例)； 图4为移动磁体和固定磁体异极相吸时配合定位的示意图； 图5为移动磁体和固定磁体同极相斥时配合定位的示意图。  FIG 1 Schematic structure of the rotary switch is provided in the prior art;  FIG. 2 shows the schematic structure of a push switch of the prior art to provide;  FIG. 3 of the present invention provides a schematic structural diagram of a switch (to set three fixed magnet, for example);  FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram with the positioning and fixing the moving magnet when the magnet poles attract different;  FIG. 5 is a movable magnet and fixed magnet pole of the same positioning a schematic repellent during mating.  以上图1-图5中: 旋转体01、固定体02、弹性部件03、摩擦部件04、旋转中心05、按压部件06、电路板07、硅胶垫08 ； 固定磁体1、移动磁体2、连接杆3、壳体4、磁体安装座5、遮罩6、铰接点7、操作端31。  Figures 1 to 5 above:  The rotating body 01, the fixed member 02, the elastic member 03, the friction member 04, the rotation center 05, the pressing member 06, the circuit board 07, a pad of silica gel 08;  Fixed a magnet, the moving magnet 2, connecting rod 3, a housing 4, the magnet mount 5, the mask 6, the articulation point 7, the operating end 31. 具体实施方式 本发明提供了一种开关，其进一步提高了操作人员的操作舒适度。 DETAILED DESCRIPTION  The present invention provides a switch, which further improves the operational comfort of the operator.  下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图，对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述，显然，所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例，而不是全部的实施例。  below in conjunction with the present invention in the accompanying drawings, technical solutions of embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described, obviously, the described embodiments are merely part of embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments example. 基于本发明中的实施例，本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例，都属于本发明保护的范围。 Based on the embodiments of the present invention, all other embodiments of ordinary skill in the art without any creative effort shall fall within the scope of the present invention.  本发明提供的开关，固定磁体的设置数量可以为一个，也可以为多个，现以设置三个固定磁体为例，结合附图对开关进行详细的说明，不可以将三个固定磁体的设置方式理解为对保护范围的绝对限定。  The present invention provides a switch, the number may be set as a fixed magnet, may be a plurality, is to set the three fixed magnet, for example, in conjunction with the accompanying drawings of switches described in detail, not the three fixed set of magnets understood as limiting the scope of the absolute.  如图3-图5所示，本发明实施例提供的开关，其包括:[0031 ] 位置固定的固定磁体I ; 可与固定磁体I在磁力作用下进行定位的移动磁体2。 Moving magnet  and the fixed magnet can be positioned under the magnetic force I;  The stationary fixed magnet I:  FIG 3 to 5, the switch provided in the embodiment of the present invention, which comprises 2. 当固定磁体I设置为多个，且将本实施例提供的开关接入电路中时，移动磁体2移动后，其与不同的固定磁体I对应定位时，能够调节电路导通、断开的工作状态。 When I is set to a plurality of fixed magnet, the present embodiment and the switching circuit provided in the access, after moving the moving magnet 2, which is different from the corresponding fixed magnet positioned when I, capable of adjusting the circuit is turned off work status.  本实施例提供的开关中，其在工作时，操作人员对移动磁体2进行操作，令移动磁体2发生移动，其能够分别与不同的固定磁体I分别对应，当移动磁体2与其中一个固定磁体I对应时,移动磁体2和固定磁体I相互靠近的两个磁极为异性磁极，由于磁极之间异性相吸，从而使得移动磁体2与此固定磁体I之间相互吸引，进而使移动磁体2相对于此固定磁体I不再发生位置改变，如图4所示。 Switch  provided in this embodiment, which is in operation, the operator of the moving magnet 2 is operated, so that the moving magnet 2 moves, it is possible to correspond respectively different fixed magnet I, when the moving magnet 2 and wherein when I corresponds to a fixed magnet, the moving magnet 2 and the two poles of the fixed magnet I is opposite poles adjacent to each other, since between the magnetic poles attract the opposite sex, so that the moving magnet 2 and fixed magnet this mutual attraction between I, and thus the moving magnet 2 relative to this fixed magnet I position change no longer occurs, as shown in FIG.  如果固定磁体I设置为多个,则不与移动磁体2位置对应的其余固定磁体1，其靠近移动磁体2的磁极与移动磁体2的磁极为同性磁极，导致其余固定磁体I与移动磁体2之间相互排斥，移动磁体2保持定位状态不变，如图5所示，通过此种方式，实现移动磁体2停留在不同的位置，在操作人员对移动磁体2进行操作使其位置发生改变时，其实现了调节电路状态的目的，在这其中，操作人员在对移动磁体2进行移动操作时就会在吸引和排斥的磁力作用下感受到操作手感，而且可以通过调节移动磁体2和固定磁体I的磁力大小来改变操作手感的强弱。  If I is set to a plurality of the fixed magnet, the magnet is not fixed and the remaining two positions corresponding to a moving magnet, which poles move closer to the magnet poles of the moving magnet 2 is the same magnetic poles 2, leading to the rest of the fixed magnet and the mobile I mutual repulsion between the magnets 2, 2-moving magnet positioned state remains unchanged, as shown in FIG. 5, in this manner, the moving magnet 2 stays realized in different positions of the moving magnet 2 is operated to position occurs when the operator changing, which achieves the purpose of adjusting the state of the circuit, in which the operator will be in the suction and repulsion of magnetic force when the moving magnet 2 is operated to move the operating feel felt, and by adjusting the moving magnet 2 and I fixed magnet magnetic force to change the strength of the operating feel.  本实施例提供的开关，在其接入电路中时,通过移动磁体2和固定磁体I之间的磁力作用来调节电路的状态，取代了传统接触式开关的接触操作方式，由于移动磁体2和固定磁体I为非接触式感应，所以避免了部件之间的相互磨损，长时间、多次使用也不会对操作人员的操作手感产生影响，进一步提供高了操作舒适度。  The present embodiment provides a switch, when in its access circuits, adjusting circuit state by a magnetic force acting between the moving magnet 2 and fixed magnet I, substituted contact operation of a conventional contact-type switch, since the mobile magnet 2 and fixed magnet I non-contact type sensor, is avoided mutual abrasion between parts, prolonged, repeated use of the operation feel of the operator will not affect the further operation of providing high comfort.  此外，由于无需接触操作，所以本实施例提供的开关在批量生产时也无需考虑单个开关之间的操作手感差异，同时也无需使用润滑油对接触部位进行润滑，降低了生产和维护成本。  Further, since no touch operation, the present embodiment provides switch embodiment in mass production and without regard to the differences between the individual operating handle switch, and also without requiring the use of lubricants to lubricate the contact points, reducing production and maintenance of cost.  本实施例提供的开关与传统的旋转式、按压式开关相比，由于减少了接触部件，使其结构更为简单，简化了生产工艺，降低了生产成本和难度，提高了生产效率。  This rotary type switch with the conventional push switch according to an embodiment of the compare, because the contact member, its structure is more simple, simplifies the production process and reduce the production cost and difficulty, improve production efficiency . 而且，其使用寿命更长，更加适用于较大寿命的使用场合。 Moreover, its longer life, more suitable for the larger life of occasions.  为了进一步优化上述技术方案，本实施例提供的开关中，移动磁体2设置在连接杆3上，连接杆3铰接在开关的壳体4上，如图3所示。  In order to further optimize the above technical solution, the present embodiment provides a switch, a moving magnet 2 is disposed on the connecting rod 3, the connecting rod 3 is hinged on the housing of the switch 4, as shown in FIG. 为了使得本实施例中的开关更益于实际应用，将移动磁体2设置在了连接杆3上，同时在移动磁体2和固定磁体I外侧设置了壳体4，以延长其工作寿命及工作安全性，使其能够较长时间的正常工作。 In order to make this example more benefit practical embodiment of the switch, the moving magnet 2 is disposed on the connecting rod 3, while moving the outer magnet and the stationary magnet I 2 housing 4 is provided to extend their working life and safety at work , making it possible to work a long time. 连接杆3铰接在壳体4上，以使连接杆3能够以铰接点7为中心进行旋转，进而使移动磁体2沿弧线轨迹发生移动，并与设置在磁体安装座5上的不同固定磁体I分别对应以改变电路的状态。 Connecting rod 3 is hinged to the housing 4, so that the connecting rod 3 can be rotated at the center of the hinge point 7, the moving magnet 2 further trajectory along an arc occurs, and is different from the fixed magnet disposed on the magnet mount 5 I correspond to the circuit change state.  其中，连接杆3远离移动磁体2的一端为操作端31，操作端31伸出壳体4。  wherein the connecting rod 3 moves away from the end of the magnet 2 to the operating end 31, the operating end 31 of the housing 4 extend. 在对移动磁体2进行操作时，操作人员把持住位于壳体4外部的连接杆3的操作端31，通过连接杆3对移动磁体2进行操作。 When the moving magnet 2 to be operated, the operator gripping stay located outside the housing 4 is connected to the operation rod end 31, is operated by three pairs of connecting rods moving magnet 2. 壳体4上具有开口，以使连接杆3能够穿过此开口伸出壳体4，方便操作人员的操作。 A housing having an upper opening 4, so that the connecting rod 3 can pass through this opening extending housing 4, the operator easy to operate.  具体的，多个固定磁体I通过磁体安装座5设置在壳体4的底部，如图3所示。  Specifically, a plurality of I fixed magnet mount 5 by a magnet disposed at the bottom of the housing 4, as shown in FIG. 为了便于本实施例提供的开关组合安装，以提高安装精度，本实施例中，固定磁体I通过磁体安装座5安装在壳体4底部，磁体安装座5独立生产，使其上安装固定磁体I的部位在加工时能够进行更加精确的定位，使安装在其上的固定磁体I之间的分布距离更加的精确，以进一步提高其与移动磁体2的对应精度。 For purposes of this combination mounted switch according to an embodiment, in order to improve the accuracy of the installation, in the present embodiment, fixed magnet mounted on the bottom of the housing 4 I by a magnet mount 5, the magnet mount 5 independent production, so that the fixed magnet I when processing site capable of more precise positioning of the distribution of the distance between the fixed magnet mounted thereon I more precisely, to further improve its accuracy corresponding to the moving magnet 2.  进一步的，本实施例提供的开关，还包括设置在连接杆3上的遮罩6，如图3所示。  Further, the switch provided in the present embodiment, further includes a mask 6 as shown in the connecting rod 3, as shown in FIG 3. 遮罩6的作用是减小开口处壳体4与连接杆3之间的缝隙，以避免外界环境对壳体4内部的移动磁体2和固定磁体I造成影响，使其能够更加正常、顺利的工作。 6 is to reduce the effect of the mask opening of the case 4 and the gap between the connecting rod 3, the external environment in order to avoid the movement of the magnet inside the housing 42 and the fixed magnet I impact, it is possible to more normal, smooth jobs. 具体的，遮罩6为弧面形遮罩，此种结构的遮罩6在起到遮挡作用的同时，还能够对连接杆3沿其铰接点7的旋转(旋转方向如图3中箭头所示)起到一定的导向作用。 Specifically, the mask 6 is arc-shaped shield, the mask 6 in such a structure also play a role of shielding, it is possible that the rotation of the arrows (FIG rotational direction along which the connecting rod articulation point 3 7 shown) play a leading role.  优选的，为了进一步减小定位误差，本实施例提供的开关中，多个固定磁体I与连接杆3的铰接点7的距离均相同，且相邻的两个固定磁体I之间的距离均相等，如图3所示。 Between  Preferably, in order to further reduce the positioning error, the present embodiment provides a switch, a plurality of fixed magnets and I 3 from the articulation point of the connecting rod 7 are the same, and the two adjacent fixed magnet I distances are equal, as shown in FIG. 上述固定磁体I的设置方式为优选设置方式，两个固定磁体I之间的距离、移动磁体2和固定磁体I之间的距离也可以根据实际应用情况的不同而进行更改。 I fixed magnet arrangement described above is preferred arrangement, the distance between the distance between the two I fixed magnet, the moving magnet 2 and fixed magnet I may also be changed according to different practical situations.  更进一步的，固定磁体I为三个，且在同一平面内沿直线排列。  Furthermore, the fixed magnet I is three, and arranged in a straight line in the same plane. 当然，在不影响本实施例提供的开关正常工作的前提下，固定磁体I的数量和设置方式也可以为其他的方式，例如三个固定磁体I在磁体安装座5上按等边三角形的方式进行设置。 Of course, this does not affect the normal switching operation according to an embodiment of the premise, I fixed magnet arrangement and the number may be other ways, for example, three I fixed magnet on the magnet mount 5 by way of an equilateral triangle set.  对所公开的实施例的上述说明，使本领域专业技术人员能够实现或使用本发明。  The above description of the disclosed embodiments enables those skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 对这些实施例的多种修改对本领域的专业技术人员来说将是显而易见的，本文中所定义的一般原理可以在不脱离本发明的精神或范围的情况下，在其它实施例中实现。 Various modifications to these professionals skilled in the art of the present embodiments will be apparent, and the generic principles defined herein may be implemented in other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. 因此，本发明将不会被限制于本文所示的这些实施例，而是要符合与本文所公开的原理和新颖特点相一致的最宽的范围。 Accordingly, the present invention will not be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded herein consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed widest scope.