CN103164751B - An infinite given site without a fixed line operators of public transport systems and operational methods - Google Patents

An infinite given site without a fixed line operators of public transport systems and operational methods Download PDF

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CN103164751B
CN103164751B CN 201310035612 CN201310035612A CN103164751B CN 103164751 B CN103164751 B CN 103164751B CN 201310035612 CN201310035612 CN 201310035612 CN 201310035612 A CN201310035612 A CN 201310035612A CN 103164751 B CN103164751 B CN 103164751B
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user
vehicle
time
request
individual
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CN103164751A (en )
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顾泰来
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顾泰来
江苏先联信息技术有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,包括用户终端、运营管理平台和车载终端。 The present invention relates to an indefinite site without a fixed line public transportation operating system, including user terminal, operations management platform and the vehicle terminal. 用户终端为通过安装在用户自有互联网终端设备或通讯设备上的应用程序,完成个体乘车请求的提交、选择和确认。 The user terminal is installed on the user-owned Internet terminal device or communication device application, the individual car commit request is completed, the selection and confirmation. 运营管理平台为通过操作系统、数据库等,根据用户终端和车载终端的反馈信息实现运营车辆行驶路线的创建和优化,以及计价扣费、服务评价。 Operations management platform through the operating system, database, implemented according to user feedback terminal and a vehicle terminal operators to create and optimize vehicle travel route, as well as valuation deductions, service evaluation. 车载终端为通过安装在运营车辆上的应用程序或设备,根据运营管理平台反馈,实现车辆定位、乘客认证、打印发票等。 Vehicle terminal through an application or operating apparatus is mounted on a vehicle, according to a feedback operation management platform, to achieve vehicle location, the passenger authentication, printing invoices. 本发明解决了城市公共交通因线路固定或价格较高导致的供求失衡问题,从而实现了用户个性化的交通服务需求,提高公共交通资源的利用率。 The invention solves the problem of the imbalance between supply and demand of urban public transport because the line was fixed price or a higher cause, enabling the transportation needs of individual users and improve the utilization of public transport resources.

Description

一种无限定站点无固定线路公共交通运营系统及运营方法 An infinite given site without a fixed line operators of public transport systems and operational methods

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及一种公共交通运营系统,尤其涉及一种能实现用户个性化交通服务需求的公共交通运营系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to a system of public transport operators, particularly to a user enables personalized transportation service needs of the public transport system operators.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]伴随社会生活水平提升和城市化进程加快,公众的出行需求持续增加;随着信息化和工业化的结合,人们的消费需求日益个性化。 [0002] accompanying social life and enhance the level of urbanization, public travel demand continues to increase; With the combination of information technology and industrialization, people's consumer demand for increasingly personalized. 公共交通作为交通行业主流,具有节约能源和节省开支,以及占用公共资源少的优点。 Public transportation as a transportation industry mainstream, such as energy conservation and cost savings, as well as the advantages of small footprint of public resources. 但现有的城市公共交通体系除出租车外均采用站点固定、线路固定的运营模式,使选择公共交通服务的市民处于“被动接受”的状态,为其出行带来极大不便。 However, the existing urban public transport systems are used in addition to the taxi station fixed, fixed line business model, so that people choose public transport services in the "passive acceptance" of the state, caused great inconvenience to their travel. 同时,公共交通的固定线路运营模式也不利于充分发挥公共交通资源作用,使公共交通资源的利用率很低。 At the same time, public transit fixed-line business model is not conducive to give full play to the role of public transport resources, the utilization of public transport resources is very low. 所以,运营模式僵化是公共交通系统难以实现乘车全需求的一个重要原因。 Therefore, the rigid business model is an important reason for the public transport system is difficult to achieve full travel needs.

[0003]为了提高公共交通运营系统的智能化水平,有人对现有公共交通运营系统作出了改进。 [0003] In order to improve the intelligence level of the public transport system operator, it was an improvement over the existing system of public transport operators. 例如,申请号为200910085091.2的专利文件公开了一种常规公共交通衔接城市轨道交通的运营协调优化方法与系统,解决了使城市轨道交通与常规公共交通的运营协调问题;又如,申请号为200820004732.8的专利文件公开了一种智能公共交通管理和服务系统,用于实现轨道和地面公交运营管理系统服务内容的整合。 For example, the patent document published as application number 200910085091.2 of a conventional operational coordination optimization methods and systems Public Transit urban rail transit, to solve the urban rail transit and public transport operations coordination; another example, the application number 200820004732.8 the patent document discloses an intelligent traffic management and public service system for implementing the integration of rail and ground transportation operations management system service content. 但是,这些现有技术都没有改变公共交通的运营系统站点固定、线路固定的运营模式,从而,没有更好地解决公共交通资源利用率低、市民出行不方便的问题。 However, these prior art systems have not changed the site operators of fixed public transportation, the fixed line business model, thus, there is no better address the low rate of resource use public transport, people travel inconvenient problem.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004]本发明要解决的技术问题是针对运营模式僵化而导致的公共交通资源利用率低、市民出行不便的问题,提供一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统及其运营方法,从而实现了公共交通服务的个性化。 [0004] The present invention to solve the technical problem of low utilization of resources for the public transport business model rigid and caused inconvenience to the traveling public of the problem, provide an infinite given site public transport system and its operation method without a fixed line operators, in order to achieve a personalized public transport services.

[0005]为解决上述问题,本发明提供方案如下: [0005] In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides the following solutions:

[0006] —种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,包括:用户终端、运营管理平台、车载终端。 [0006] - kind of indefinite site without a fixed line public transportation operating system, comprising: a user terminal, operations management platform, vehicle-mounted terminal. 其中,用户终端用于提交个体乘车请求、选择匹配车辆、获取认证信息;运营管理平台用于将个体乘车请求与各运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数进行比对处理,实时调整与更新公共交通运营车辆的行驶路线,并向乘客发送认证信息,进行扣费处理;车载终端用于接收运营管理平台信息,实现车辆定位、乘客认证、打印发票等。 Wherein the user terminal a request for submitting an individual drive, selected to match the vehicle, obtain the authentication information; operation management platform for the individual drive request of each operator of the vehicle travel planning and / or the number of vehicle passengers can accommodate spare matching process , real-time adjustment and renewal of public transit vehicles driving route, and sends passenger authentication information, chargeback processing; vehicle terminal for receiving operational information management platform, to achieve vehicle location, passengers certification, print invoices.

[0007]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统是基于移动互联网的公共交通运营系统。 Unlimited given site without a fixed line of the public transport system operations [0007] The present invention is a mobile Internet system based on public transport operators.

[0008]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统是基于物联网的公共交通运营系统。 [0008] The indefinite site without a fixed line public transit system of the present invention is based on things public transport system operations.

[0009]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,所述用户终端是用户自有的具备互联网功能或通讯功能的终端设备,包括用户发送单元、用户接收单元和用户选择单元;所述用户发送单元用于用户向运营管理平台发送带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求和发送确认信息或搭乘信息,所述用户接收单元用于接收运营管理平台的反馈信息和/或接收搭乘时使用的乘客认证信息,所述用户选择单元用于对用户接收单元收到的多个匹配车辆反馈信息进行选择确认。 [0009] No site indefinite fixed line public transit system of the present invention, wherein the user terminal is owned by the user terminal equipment with Internet function or communication function, comprising a user transmitting unit, receiving unit and the user user selection means; means for transmitting said user requesting user sends a message with an individual drive time attribute or attributes vacant time address and the operation management platform transmitting acknowledgment information or the boarding information, a receiving unit for receiving user operations management feedback information platform and / or receiving passenger authentication information for use when traveling, a user selection unit for receiving a plurality of matching the user's vehicle unit receives feedback information selection confirmation. 以上各单元可以是分立的,也可以是集成的。 The above unit may be separate or may be integrated.

[0010]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,所述运营管理平台进一步包括平台接收单元、平台反馈单元、行驶规划创建与更新单元,还可以包括扣费操作单元以及服务评价单元;所述平台接收单元用于接收个体用户的个体乘车请求与各运营车辆的位置信息和/或空余可容纳乘客数信息;所述平台反馈单元用于将计算出的计算出的与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的车辆抵达信息反馈至个体用户,并将经用户确认后更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数反馈至所述车载终端,同时向个体用户发送乘客认证信息;所述行驶规划创建与更新单元用于根据用户提交的带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求,与车载终端反馈的位置信息和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数比较分析,创建和/或更 [0010] No site indefinite fixed line public transit system of the present invention, wherein the operation management platform further includes a platform receiving unit, feedback unit platform, with creation and updating unit planning, operations may further include deduction service unit and the evaluation unit; individual car location information request receiving unit configured to receive the individual users and the operators of the vehicle platform and / or information on the number of passengers can accommodate spare; calculating the calculated feedback unit for the platform point out, with the individual drive included in the request and / or time information close to the vehicle arrives feedback to an individual user, and update the relevant user to confirm operation of the vehicle after traveling planning and / or number of passengers can accommodate spare vehicle a feedback terminal to the vehicle, the passenger authentication information to simultaneously transmit the individual user; the travel plan for creating and updating an individual drive unit according to a user request submitted properties with time or the time attribute vacant address, feedback and vehicle terminal the location information and / or the number of passengers can accommodate spare vehicle comparative analysis, to create and / or 目标车辆行驶规划;所述扣费操作单元用于根据用户的付费模式、乘车请求的真伪、乘车最优线路的长短、是否完成搭乘服务的情况进行扣费操作。 Programming the target vehicle is traveling; deduction operation unit for the user according to payment mode, the authenticity of the request bus, the optimal length of the bus lines, whether the service is riding completion deduction operation. 以上各单元可以是分立的,也可以是集成的;所述服务评价单元用于处理所述用户终端发送的服务评价信息,并不同程度地引入人工介入。 The above unit may be separate or may be integrated; service evaluation unit for the evaluation of the service information transmitted from the user terminal processing, and the introduction of varying degrees of manual intervention.

[0011]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,所述车载终端进一步包括信息接收单元、信息处理单元、信息发送单元;所述信息接收单元用于接收运营服务中心更新的相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数的反馈结果;所述信息处理单元用于对所述乘客认证信息进行认证,进一步用于对运营管理平台反馈的更新行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数进行实施;所述信息发送单元用于将所述车辆位置信息和/或空余可容纳座位数或乘客搭乘信息发送至运营管理平台。 [0011] indefinite station according to the invention without a transit operator fixed line system, wherein the vehicle further comprises a terminal information receiving unit, an information processing unit, an information transmitting unit; receiving means for receiving the information service operators Center updates associated with the vehicle operating plan and / or the number of spare accommodate passengers in a vehicle feedback results; the information processing unit for the passenger authentication information for authentication is further for updating with feedback on the operation management platform planning and / or vehicle spare embodiment can accommodate the number of passengers; means for transmitting the information to the vehicle position information and / or the vacant seats or passengers can receive information to take operation management platform. 以上各单元可以是分立的,也可以是集成的。 The above unit may be separate or may be integrated.

[0012] —种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营方法,其中,无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统的运营管理平台根据个体乘车请求实时调整与更新行驶规划,所述公共交通运营系统的实现过程包括以下步骤: [0012] - the kind of unlimited public transport operators given site without a fixed line method, in which an indefinite site without a fixed line operations management platform for public transport operation system of individual travel requests and updates with real-time adjustments according to plan, the public transport operating system implementation process includes the following steps:

[0013] (a)用户通过直接或者间接的方式向运营管理平台发出一个以上带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求; [0013] (a) the user issues a request to more than one individual drive with a time attribute or attributes vacant time operation management platform to address directly or indirectly;

[0014] (b)运营管理平台将个体乘车请求与各运营车辆实时的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数进行比对处理,根据两者的差异,计算出与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的运营车辆抵达信息,筛选出至少一台运营车辆,并反馈给用户; [0014] (b) an individual drive operation management platform and the various operators requesting live vehicle travel planning and / spare number of passengers can be accommodated within the vehicle matching process, according to the difference between the two, and to calculate the individual drive request or sites included in and / or time information to operators approaching vehicle arrival information, at least one selected vehicle operator, and feedback to the user;

[0015] (c)用户收到反馈后,从运营管理平台推荐的至少一台运营车辆中做出选择并提交确认; [0015] (c) the user receives feedback, make a selection from the operation management platform recommended by at least one vehicle operations and submit confirmation;

[0016] (d)个体乘车请求确认提交后,运营管理平台向用户发送乘客认证信息,供登车时确认身份;同时,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数,并反馈至车载终端; After the [0016] (d) individual travel requests submitted to confirm, operations management platform sends the user authentication information to passengers for boarding confirm the identity; the same time, operations management platform synchronized across operating vehicle travel planning and / or vehicle can spare receiving the number of passengers, and fed back to the in-vehicle terminal;

[0017] (e)运营车辆到达时,用户采用乘客认证信息进行认证,并成功搭乘;同时,用户终端或车载终端将乘客搭乘信息发送至运营管理平台,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数。 [0017] (e) when operating the vehicle reaches the user employs the passenger authentication information for authentication, and the success of the riding; Meanwhile, the user terminal or in-vehicle terminal passenger boarding information sent to the operation management platform, operation management platform synchronization update with associated operations of the vehicle planning and / or vehicle spare can accommodate the number of passengers.

[0018]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,所述直接方式为通过自有终端上的定制软件或登录指定网站直接提交个体乘车需求,所述间接方式为通过呼叫中心间接提交个体乘车请求。 [0018] indefinite site without a fixed line public transport operation system of the present invention, wherein the direct way for the submission of individual travel requirements directly through its own custom software on the terminal or log on designated website, the indirect way request for the submission of an individual drive indirectly through a call center.

[0019]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,所述行驶规划将一系列随机的、独立的用户个体乘车请求有序串联,创建公共交通运营车辆的行驶路线,并根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化,创建出同时满足多个个体乘车请求的一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点。 [0019] The indefinite station according to the invention without a transit operator fixed line system, wherein the travel planning a series of random, independent of the individual user requests an ordered series car, create a public transport vehicle driving operation line, real-time and continuously adjusted to the individual travel requests random optimization, to create a series of docking place with a time of individual properties while meeting multiple travel requests.

[0020]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,用户临时拦车搭乘时,可通过通讯网络即时获取当前周边运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数,选择与自身需求相符车辆搭乘,此时,该车辆的行驶规划不发生改变,只是将搭乘人数通过运营车辆终端上传至运营管理平台。 [0020] No site indefinite fixed line public transit system of the present invention, wherein, when the temporary user Blocking riding, instant access to the current operating outside the vehicle traveling planning and / or spare vehicle via a communication network can accommodate passengers number, select the vehicle in line with their own needs to take at this time, the vehicle is traveling plan does not change, just the number of people aboard the vehicle by operating the terminal uploaded to the operations management platform.

[0021]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其中,用户的个体乘车请求采用预付费模式进行,如果用户的个体乘车请求为虚假信息,或用户因个人原因未能及时完成本次搭乘服务,则直接通过用户发送信息的自有终端进行扣费操作。 [0021] No site indefinite fixed line public transit system of the present invention, wherein the individual drive request of the user using prepaid mode, if the requesting user is the individual car false information, the user or personal reasons failure to complete this ride service, terminal information is sent directly owned by the user chargeback operations.

[0022] 本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,通过对公共交通运营车辆的行驶路线和一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点的制定和实时优化,充分满足了用户个性化的交通服务需求,加强了乘车用户自身对交通工具的主控力;同时,由于公共交通路线和停靠站点根据乘车用户的需求而定制,即基于本发明的公共交通运营系统和方法的公共交通运营模式为无限定站点、无固定线路,公共交通的利用率得到了有效提高。 [0022] indefinite site without a fixed line public transport operation system of the present invention, by public transport vehicle operators driving route and a series of docking place with a time of property development and real-time optimization, fully meet user personalization transportation services demand, strengthen the user's own master drive force of the vehicle; the same time, because the public transport routes and docking site tailored to the needs of users by car, which is based on public transit systems and methods of the present invention public traffic operation mode is unlimited given site, no fixed lines, public transport usage has been effectively improved.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0023]图1为本发明所述系统的结构示意图; [0023] Fig 1 a schematic view of the structure of the system of the present invention;

[0024]图2为本发明所述方法的工作流程图。 [0024] FIG. 2 is a flow chart of the method of the present invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0025]下面结合附图,对本发明所述系统和方法进一步说明。 [0025] DRAWINGS further description of the system and method of the present invention.

[0026]本发明所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统是一个基于移动互联网和/或物联网,通过对公共交通运营车辆的行驶路线和一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点的制定和实时优化,以分享和/或共享的方式实现用户个性化交通服务需求的公交运营系统。 [0026] A according to the present invention without indefinite site fixed line system is a public transport operators based mobile Internet and / or things, by public transit vehicle travel path and having a series of time stopping location attribute development and real-time optimization, in order to share and / or share ways to achieve user demand for personalized service transportation system bus operations.

[0027]本发明所述的无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统如图1所示,包括:用户终端、运营管理平台和车载终端。 Unlimited given site without a fixed line of the public transport system operation [0027] of the present invention is shown in Figure 1, comprising: a user terminal, operation management platform and vehicle mount terminals.

[0028]用户终端是用户自有的具备互联网功能和/或通讯功能的终端设备,包括用户发送单元、用户接收单元和用户选择单元。 [0028] The user terminal owned by the user is provided with the Internet function and / or communication terminal device, comprising a user transmitting unit, receiving unit and a user the user selection unit. 其中,用户发送单元用于用户向运营管理平台发送带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求和发送确认信息或搭乘信息,也可以包含评价信息;用户接收单元用于接收运营管理平台的反馈结果和/或接收搭乘时使用的乘客认证信息;用户选择单元用于对用户接收单元收到的多个匹配车辆反馈信息进行选择确认。 Wherein the user sends an individual drive unit for requesting user sends a message with time or time attribute property vacant addresses and operation management platform transmitting the acknowledgment information or the boarding information, evaluation information may be included; receiving means for receiving user operations management results feedback platform and / or receiving passenger authentication information for use when traveling; user selection unit for receiving a plurality of matching the user's vehicle unit receives feedback information selection confirmation.

[0029]运营管理平台包括平台接收单元、平台反馈单元、行驶规划创建与更新单元和扣费操作单元。 [0029] operations management platform includes a receiving unit platform, the platform feedback unit, with planning and chargeback creation and updating unit operating unit. 其中,平台接收单元用于接收个体用户的个体乘车请求与各运营车辆的位置信息和/或空余可容纳乘客数信息;平台反馈单元用于将计算出的与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的车辆抵达信息反馈至个体用户,并将经用户确认后更新的相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数反馈至所述车载终端,同时向个体用户发送乘客认证信息;所述行驶规划创建与更新单元用于将个体乘车请求与各运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数进行比对处理并实时创建与更新公共交通目标运营车辆的行驶路线;扣费操作单元用于根据用户的付费模式、乘车请求的真伪、乘车最优线路的长短、是否完成搭乘服务的情况进行扣费操作。 Wherein the platform means for receiving the individual user receiving an individual drive request the location information of each operator of the vehicle and / or a vacant number of passengers can receive information; internet feedback unit for the calculated with the individual drive request contained location and / or time information close to the vehicle arrives feedback to an individual user, and after the user confirms the update operations associated with the planning of the vehicle and / or vehicle spare fed back to accommodate the number of passengers onboard terminal, while the individual passenger user sends authentication information; and update the travel planning creating an individual drive unit for processing a request to compare each operator of the vehicle travel planning and / or passengers in the vehicle can accommodate vacant and created in real time and the number of update target public transport operation of the vehicle travel path; deduction according to a user operation unit for payment mode, the authenticity of the request bus, the optimal length of the bus lines, whether the service is riding completion deduction operation. 运营管理平台也可以包含服务评价单元,用于处理所述用户终端发送的服务评价信息,并不同程度地引入人工介入。 Operation management platform evaluation service unit may also comprise, for evaluation of the service information sent by the user terminal processing, and the introduction of varying degrees of manual intervention.

[0030]车载终端包括信息接收单元、信息处理单元、信息发送单元。 [0030] The vehicle includes a terminal information receiving unit, an information processing unit, information transmission unit. 其中,信息接收单元用于接收运营管理平台更新的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数的反馈结果;信息处理单元用于对所述乘客认证信息进行认证;所述信息发送单元用于将所述车辆位置信息和/或空余可容纳座位数发送至运营管理平台。 Wherein the feedback information receiving unit for receiving the result of the operation management platform with updated plans and / or the vacant vehicle can accommodate a number of passengers; information processing unit configured to authenticate the passenger authentication information; means for transmitting said information the vehicle location information and / or the number of vacant seats may be transmitted to the receiving operation management platform.

[0031 ]本发明所述的方法如图2所示,具体步骤如下: [0031] The method of the present invention shown in Figure 2, the following steps:

[0032] (a)用户通过直接或者间接的方式向运营管理平台发出一个以上带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求。 [0032] (a) an individual user makes a request to drive more properties with time or time attribute vacant address operation management platform by the direct or indirect manner. 直接方式为通过自有终端上的定制软件或登录指定网站直接提交个体乘车需求,间接方式为通过呼叫中心间接提交个体乘车请求; Direct way is by custom software on its own terminal or log on directly to the designated website to submit individual travel demand, an indirect way for the submission of individual travel requests indirectly through the call center;

[0033] (b)运营管理平台将个体乘车请求与各运营车辆实时的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数进行比对处理,根据二者的差异,计算出与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的运营车辆抵达信息,创建与调整行驶规划,筛选出至少一台运营车辆,并反馈给用户; [0033] (b) an individual drive operation management platform and the various operators requesting live vehicle travel planning and / spare number of passengers can be accommodated within the vehicle matching process, according to the difference between the two, and to calculate the individual drive request or place contained and / or time information close to operational vehicle arriving information, create and adjust travel planning, screening at least one operational vehicle, and feedback to the user;

[0034] (c)用户收到反馈后,根据确认流程的要求,从运营管理平台推荐的至少一台运营车辆中做出选择并提交确认; [0034] (c) When the user receives feedback, according to the requirements of the confirmation process, the operation management platform to choose at least one recommended by the vehicle operator and Submission Confirmation;

[0035] (d)个体乘车请求确认提交后,运营管理平台向用户发送乘客认证信息,供登车时确认身份;同时,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数,并反馈至车载终端; After the [0035] (d) individual travel requests submitted to confirm, operations management platform sends the user authentication information to passengers for boarding confirm the identity; the same time, operations management platform synchronized across operating vehicle travel planning and / or vehicle can spare receiving the number of passengers, and fed back to the in-vehicle terminal;

[0036] (e)运营车辆到达时,用户采用乘客认证信息进行认证,并成功搭乘;同时,用户终端或车载终端将乘客搭乘信息发送至运营管理平台,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数。 [0036] (e) when operating the vehicle reaches the user employs the passenger authentication information for authentication, and the success of the riding; Meanwhile, the user terminal or in-vehicle terminal passenger boarding information sent to the operation management platform, operation management platform synchronization update with associated operations of the vehicle planning and / or vehicle spare can accommodate the number of passengers.

[0037]本发明所述的方法中根据个体乘车请求创建与调整行驶规划的过程描述如下: [0037] The method of the present invention is described in accordance with individual adjustment drive with a request to create the planning process is as follows:

[0038]用户a向运营服务中心提交个体乘车请求,表述为:{As(tas),Ae(tae)};其中:As表示用户a出发的地点,tas表示用户a请求的出发时间,Ae3表示用户a到达的地点,t ae3表示用户a请求的到达时间。 [0038] user to the operator service center to submit a bus request individuals, expressed as: {As (tas), Ae (tae)}; wherein: As represents a departure place the user, TAS represents a departure time of the user request, Ae3 indicates a location the user's reach, t ae3 it represents the arrival time of a user request.

[0039] 那么,根据用户b提交的个体乘车请求{Bs(tbs),Bp(tbp),Be(tbe)},平台经过运算,最优的行驶路线是该运营车辆先接用户a,再接用户b,满足用户b的经停,之后用户a到达目的地,最后用户b到达目的地。 [0039] Then, according to the individual bus request submitted by the user b {Bs (tbs), Bp (tbp), Be (tbe)}, after computing platform, the optimal travel route that the vehicle operator to access the user a, and then then the user b, b to meet the user's stops, after a user reaches the destination, the final destination user b. 因此,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:{AS,(W),Bs,(tbs,),BP,(tbp' ),Ae,(W ) ,Be,(tbe,)};其中:Bs,表示根据出发地点Bs运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbs,表示根据请求的出发时间tbs计算出的运营车辆到达匕,的时间,BP,表示根据中途经停地点仏运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tbp,计算出的运营车辆到达Bp,的时间,表示根据到达地点Be运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbe,表示根据请求的到达时间tb4十算出的运营车辆到达Be,的时间。 Thus, the vehicle driving operation planning will be adjusted, expressed as: {AS, (W), Bs, (tbs,), BP, (tbp '), Ae, (W), Be, (tbe,)} ; where: Bs, shows a point of departure Bs operators stop location of the vehicle to create, tbs, represents the time calculated from the start time of the request tbs operational vehicles to reach the dagger, the, BP, shows a stopover place Fo operational vehicles created stopping places, tbp, shows a stopover time of the request tbp, the calculated operate the vehicle reaches Bp, time, expressed according to the arrival stop Location Location Be operator of the vehicle to create, tbe, represent calculated from the arrival time of the request tb4 ten operating the vehicle reaches Be, time.

[0040]依此类推,该运营车辆的行驶规划根据随机发生的跟该车相关的个体乘车请求不断调整,一直到用户n,用户η向运营服务中心提交个体乘车请求,表述为:{Ns(tns),Np(tnp) , Ne(tne)};其中:Ns表不用户η出发的地点,tns表不用户Γ1请求的出发时间,Np表不用户η中途经停的地点,tnp表示用户η请求的中途经停时间,Ne表示用户η到达的地点,tne表示用户η请求的到达时间。 [0040] and so on, with the vehicle operation plan based on individual travel requests associated with the car randomly occurring continuously adjusted until the user n, η user to submit a request to the individual travel service center operations, expressed as: { Ns (tns), Np (tnp), Ne (tne)}; wherein: Location Ns table is not user η departing departure time tns table is not user Γ1 request, Np table does not user η locations via stop, TNP represents η stop in time of the user request, Ne represents the user location η reached, tne η represents a user request arrival time.

[0041]假使此刻,用户a到用户f已经完成乘车过程,那么,根据用户η提交的个体乘车请求{队(〖„5),化(^),Ne(tne)},平台经过运算,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:{ '"Gs,( tgs')…Ns' (tns,)...Νρ' (tnp,)."Ge,(tge,)'"Ne'( tne')...};其中:Gs'表不根据用户g 出发的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tgs,表示根据用户g请求的出发时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Gs,的时间,Q表示根据用户g到达的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tg(3,表示根据用户g请求的到达时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Ge,的时间,Ns,表示根据出发地点Ns运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tns,表示根据请求的出发时间tns计算出的运营车辆到达Ns,的时间,NP,表示根据中途经停地点Np运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tnp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tnp计算出的运营车辆到达Np,的时间具,表示根据 [0041] If at the moment, a user that the user has completed the travel process f, then, depending on the individual drive request submitted {η user team (〖 "5), of (^), Ne (tne)}, after computing platform the operator of the vehicle travel planning will be adjusted, expressed as: { ' ". Gs, (tgs') ... Ns' (tns,) ... Νρ' (tnp,)" Ge, (tge,) ' " Ne '(tne') ...}; wherein: Gs' table does not place the user in accordance with a stopping place g departure, the vehicle operator creates, TGS, g shows a user request the departure time, the calculated vehicle reaches operating Gs, time, Q representation of a place the user g arriving, stopping places operational vehicles created, tg (3, shows a arrival time of the user g requested, the calculated operating the vehicle reaches Ge, time, Ns, represents Ns according to the departure point stopping places operational vehicles created, tns, representing the calculated according to departure time of the request tns operating the vehicle reaches Ns, time, NP, shows a docking place a stopover place Np operational vehicles created, tnp, shows a request stopover time calculated operating time tnp vehicle reaches Np, wITH, shows a 到达地点Ne运营车辆创建的停靠地点,W表示根据请求的到达时间tne计算出的运营车辆到达Ne,的时间。 Location Location Ne reaches the stop of the vehicle operator to create, W represents the time of arrival requested Ne tne arrival time calculated vehicle operation, the.

[0042]当有用户临时拦车搭乘时,可通过通讯网络即时获取当前周边运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数选择与自身需求相符车辆搭乘。 [0042] When a user temporary hailed ride, instant access to current operational vehicles surrounding the travel planning and / or the vehicle can accommodate the number of free choice in line with their needs of passengers aboard the vehicle via a communication network. 该车辆的行驶规划不发生改变,只是将搭乘人数通过运营车辆终端上传至运营服务中心,以确保信息同步。 The vehicle traveling plan does not change, just the number of people aboard uploaded by the operator of the vehicle to the terminal operator service center to ensure that information synchronization.

[0043]用户的个体乘车请求可采用预付费模式进行,如果用户的个体乘车请求为虚假信息,或用户因个人原因未能及时完成本次搭乘服务,则可以直接通过用户发送信息的自有终端进行扣费操作。 [0043] individual travel request from the user can be pre-paid model, if an individual user's request for the ride false information, or the user for personal reasons, failed to take timely completion of this service, you can send information directly from the user there deduction operation terminal.

[0044]本发明中所述的“个体乘车请求”,是指用户提交的一个以上带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址,如“几点从哪里出发”、“几点几人从哪里出发”、“从哪里出发”、“几点到达某地经停”、“几点几人到达某地经停”、“几点到达目的地”、“到达目的地”和“几点几人到达目的地”等信息中的一种或几种。 [0044] The present invention is described in the "subject ride request", refers to one or more properties with time or the time attribute vacant address submitted by the user, such as "From where points", "points where several people from departure, "" where to start "," a few stops to reach a certain place "," some people get to a place a few stops "," destination points "," destination "and" a few points people reaches one or more destination information "and the like.

[0045]本发明所述的“行驶规划”,是将一系列随机的、独立的用户个体乘车请求有序串联,创建的公共交通运营车辆的行驶路线,该行驶路线是同时满足多个个体乘车请求的一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点。 [0045] The present invention is "running plan", it is a series of random, independent of the individual user requests an ordered series car, public transit vehicles created travel route, the travel route is simultaneously satisfying a plurality of individual a series of time-place car parked attribute request. 行驶规划是根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化的,用以同时满足多个用户个性化的个体乘车请求。 Travel planning is based on individual travel requests continue to appear randomly in real-time adjustment and optimization, in order to meet the individual travel requests for multiple user personalization. 本发明将任一时刻单台运营车辆的行驶规划中包含的个体乘车请求的总和,称为“乘车请求组合”。 The present invention will be the sum of any of the individual drive request included in a single operating time of the vehicle travel planning, it referred to as "bus request combining."

Claims (20)

  1. 1.一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,包括:用户终端、运营管理平台和车载终端;其中: 所述用户终端包括用户发送单元、用户接收单元和用户选择单元; 所述运营管理平台包括平台接收单元、平台反馈单元、行驶规划创建与更新单元;所述行驶规划创建是将一系列随机的、独立的用户个体乘车请求有序串联,并根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化,创建同时满足多个个体乘车请求的一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点的行驶路线; 所述根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化的过程如下: 用户a向运营服务中心提交个体乘车请求,表述为:{AsdhAjW)};其中:^表示用户a出发的地点,tas表示用户a请求的出发时间,Ae3表示用户a到达的地点,tae3表示用户a请求的到达时间; 那么,根据用户b提交的个体乘车请求{Bs(tbs),BP(tbP),Be(tbe)}, An indefinite site without a fixed line public transit system, comprising: a user terminal, operation management platform and vehicle mount terminals; wherein: said user terminal includes a user transmitting unit, the user receiving unit and a user selection unit; the operator receiving means includes a platform management platform, the platform feedback unit, creating and updating with planning unit; the travel plan is to create a series of random, independent of the user requests an ordered series of individual drive, and according to individual random continue riding real-time adjustment request optimization, creating a series of time stopping places attributes traveling route satisfying a plurality of individual bus requests; accordance with the individual drive request is constantly adjusted in real time random optimization process is as follows: a user service to the operator Submit request individual center drive, is expressed as: {AsdhAjW)}; where: ^ denotes a starting location user, TAS represents a departure time of the user request, the user places a Ae3 indicates arrival, tae3 represents the arrival time of a user request ; so, depending on the individual bus request submitted by the user b {Bs (tbs), BP (tbP), Be (tbe)}, 台经过运算,最优的行驶路线是该运营车辆先接用户a,再接用户b,满足用户b的经停,之后用户a到达目的地,最后用户b到达目的地;因此,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:{As,(tas,),Bs,(tbs,),BP,(tbp,),Ae,(tae,) ,Be,(tbe,) };其中:Bs,表示根据出发地点Bs运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbs,表示根据请求的出发时间tbs计算出的运营车辆到达匕,的时间,BP,表示根据中途经停地点仏运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tbp,计算出的运营车辆到达Bp,的时间,表示根据到达地点Be运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbe,表示根据请求的到达时间tb4十算出的运营车辆到达Be,的时间; 该运营车辆的行驶规划根据随机发生的跟该运营车辆相关的个体乘车请求不断调整,一直到用户n,用户η向运营服务中心提交个体乘车请求,表 After operation table, the optimum travel route that the vehicle operator access to a user, the user followed by b, b, to meet the user stops, after the user reaches a destination, the final destination user b; thus, the operations of the vehicle travel planning will be adjusted, expressed as: {as, (tas,), Bs, (tbs,), BP, (tbp,), Ae, (tae,), be, (tbe,)}; wherein: Bs , shows a docking location point of departure Bs operational vehicles created, tbs, represents the time calculated from the start time of the request tbs operational vehicles to reach the dagger, the, BP, represents a stopping place created from a stopover location Fo operational vehicles, tbp , shows a stopover time of the request tbp, the calculated operate the vehicle reaches Bp, time, shows a docking location to reach the place Be operator of the vehicle to create, tbe, represents the arrival Be based on the arrival time of the request tb4 ten calculated operating vehicles , time; driving the vehicle operator with the planning of individual travel requests related to vehicle operation occurs randomly and constantly adjusted until the user n, η user to submit a request to the individual bus operators service center, table 为:{Ns(tns),NP(UP),Ne(tne3)};其中:队表示用户η出发的地点,tns表示用户η请求的出发时间,Np表示用户η中途经停的地点,tnp表示用户η请求的中途经停时间,Ne3表示用户η到达的地点,tne3表示用户η请求的到达时间; 用户a到用户f已经完成乘车过程,那么,根据用户η提交的个体乘车请求{Ns(tns),NP(^)其(1)},平台经过运算,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:卜_匕,(^,)...Ns,(W )…Np,(tnp,)."Ge,(tge,)."Ne,(tne,》..};其中:Gs,表不根据用户g出发的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,W表示根据用户g请求的出发时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Gs,的时间,匕,表示根据用户g到达的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tg(3,表示根据用户g请求的到达时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Ge,的时间,Ns,表示根据出发地点Ns运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tns,表示根据 Is: {Ns (tns), NP (UP), Ne (tne3)}; wherein: team represents the place the user η departure, tns represents the starting time of the user η request, Np represents the user η locations via stop, tnp represents stop in time requested by the user η, η Ne3 indicates the user location reached, tne3 η represents the arrival time of the user request; f the user has completed a user to drive the process, then, depending on the individual bus request submitted by the user {Ns η (tns), NP (^) which (1)}, the platform through the operation, the operator of the vehicle travel planning will be adjusted, expressed as: Bu _ dagger, (^,) ... Ns, (W) ... Np , (tnp,) "Ge, (tge,)." Ne, (tne, "..}; wherein:. Gs, depending on where the user does not watch g starting, stopping places of the vehicle operator to create, W represents the user g time departure time of the request, the calculated operating the vehicle reaches Gs, a dagger, shows a location user g arriving, stopping places operational vehicles created, tg (3, shows a arrival time of the user g requested, the calculated operating time the vehicle arrives Ge, a, Ns, shows a parked vehicle location point of departure Ns operators created, tns, according to denote 请求的出发时间tns计算出的运营车辆到达队,的时间,Np,表示根据中途经停地ANp运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tnp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tnp计算出的运营车辆到达Np,的时间,Ne,表示根据到达地点Ne运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tne,表示根据请求的到达时间U3计算出的运营车辆到达Ne,的时间; 所述车载终端包括信息接收单元、信息处理单元、信息发送单元; 以上各单元是分立或集成的。 Depart tns request calculated operational vehicles to reach the team, the, Np, shows a docking place a stopover in the ANp operational vehicles created, tnp, representing the calculated according stop in time tnp request of the operator of the vehicle to reach Np , time, Ne, stopping places shows a vehicle arrival point Ne operations created, TNE, representing the calculated arrival time of the vehicle operator requests arrive Ne U3, the time; the onboard terminal comprises an information receiving unit, the information processing unit , information transmission unit; the above unit is a separate or integrated.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统是基于移动互联网和/或物联网的公共交通运营系统。 The site without an infinite set of fixed-line public transit system according to claim 1, wherein: said Infinite given site without a fixed line system is a public transport operators based on a mobile Internet and / or the IOT public transport operators system.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述用户终端通过安装在用户自有互联网终端设备或通讯设备上的应用程序,完成个体乘车请求的提交、选择和认证。 According to one of the claims 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: the user terminal through an application installed on the user's own Internet terminal device or communication device, to complete the individual travel request submission, selection and certification.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台还包括扣费操作单元。 According to claim 1, wherein one of the sites without indefinite public transport operators fixed line system, characterized in that: said deduction operation management platform further includes an operation unit.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台还包括服务评价单元,用于处理所述用户终端发送的服务评价信息,并不同程度地引入人工介入。 According to one of the claims 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: said operation management platform further comprises a service evaluation unit, the evaluation information for the service transmitted by the user terminal handling and the introduction of different degrees of human intervention.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述用户发送单元用于向运营管理平台发送带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求,还包括用于向运营管理平台发送确认信息或搭乘信息。 The site without an infinite set of fixed-line public transit system according to claim 1, wherein: said transmitting means for transmitting to the user operation management platform properties with time or the time attribute vacant address individual travel requests, further comprising means for sending an acknowledgment message or take the information to the operation management platform.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述用户接收单元用于接收运营管理平台的反馈信息和/或接收搭乘时使用的乘客认证信息。 According to one of the claims 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: said user feedback information receiving means for receiving operation management platform and used for passenger / or receiving take Certification Information.
  8. 8.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述用户选择单元用于对用户接收单元收到的来自运营管理平台反馈的多个匹配运营车辆信息进行选择。 According to one of the claims 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: the means for receiving a user selection from a plurality of operation management platform to match the feedback received from the user unit operating vehicle information to choose.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述乘客认证信息包含身份认证信息与付费信息。 According to claim 7, wherein one of said sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: the passenger authentication information comprises authentication information and billing information.
  10. 10.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台的平台接收单元,用于接收所述用户终端的个体乘车请求、确认信息与所述车载终端反馈的各运营车辆位置信息和/或空余可容纳乘客数。 10. A method according to claim 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: said operation management platform internet receiving unit for receiving an individual drive request of the user terminal, Recognizing the operator of the vehicle position information fed back to the onboard terminal and / or the number of passengers can accommodate spare.
  11. 11.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台的平台反馈单元,用于将计算出的与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的车辆抵达信息反馈至个体用户,并将经用户确认后更新的相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数反馈至所述车载终端,同时向个体用户发送乘客认证信息。 According to claim 1, wherein one of the sites without indefinite public transport operators fixed line system, characterized in that: said operation management platform platform feedback unit, configured to calculate with the individual ride in the request contains the location and / or time information close to the vehicle arrives feedback to an individual user, and the user confirms the updated via the associated vehicle driving operation planning and / or vehicles can accommodate spare feedback to the number of passengers onboard terminal, while send passenger authentication information to individual users.
  12. 12.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台的行驶规划创建与更新单元,用于根据用户提交的带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求,与车载终端反馈的位置信息和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数比较分析,创建和/或更新目标车辆行驶规划。 12. A method according to claim 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: said operation management platform with the creation and updating Programming unit for a user to submit in accordance with the time attribute individual travel requests or time vacant property address, location information and vehicle terminal feedback and / or vehicle spare can accommodate the number of passengers comparative analysis, create and / or update the target vehicle travel planning.
  13. 13.根据权利要求4所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述运营管理平台的扣费操作单元,用于根据用户的付费模式、乘车请求的真伪、乘车最优线路的远近、是否完成搭乘服务的情况进行扣费操作。 13. According to a site without a fixed line indefinite public transit system of claim 4, wherein: said deduction operation management platform operation unit for user billing model, the bus request authenticity, the optimal distance bus lines, whether completion ride service will be operating deductions.
  14. 14.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述车载终端的信息接收单元,用于接收用户管理平台更新的相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数的反馈结果。 14. A method according to claim 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: the onboard terminal information receiving unit for receiving a user operation related to the updated management platform vehicle traveling planning and the vacant / or the vehicle may receive a feedback result of a number of passengers.
  15. 15.根据权利要求7所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述车载终端的信息处理单元,用于对所述乘客认证信息进行认证,进一步用于对运营管理平台反馈的更新行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数进行实施。 15. A method according to claim 7 indefinite site without a fixed line public transit system, wherein: the information processing unit onboard terminal, the passenger authentication information for authenticating, for further operations management platform for feedback update travel plans and / or vehicle spare can accommodate the number of passengers carried out.
  16. 16.根据权利要求1所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述车载终端的信息发送单元用于将车辆位置和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数发送至运营管理平台。 16. A method according to claim 1 sites without indefinite fixed line public transit system, wherein: said information terminal means for transmitting the vehicle position of the vehicle and / or the number of passengers can accommodate spare vehicle transmission to operations management platform.
  17. 17.根据权利要求1至16中任意一项所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营系统,其特征在于:所述用户终端和/或运营管理平台和/或车载终端不同程度地引入人工介入、干预。 17. 1 to 16 according to any one of an infinite line given site without a fixed public transit system, as claimed in claim wherein: said user terminal and / or the operation management platform and / or different degrees of in-vehicle terminal introduction of manual intervention, intervention.
  18. 18.—种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营方法,其实现过程包括以下步骤: (a)用户通过直接或者间接的方式向运营管理平台发出一个以上带有时间属性或时间属性空置的地址的个体乘车请求; (b)运营管理平台将个体乘车请求与各运营车辆实时的行驶规划和/或车辆内空余可容纳乘客数进行比对处理,根据两者的差异,计算出与个体乘车请求中所包含的地点和/或时间信息相接近的运营车辆抵达信息,筛选出至少一台运营车辆,并反馈给用户;所述行驶规划是将一系列随机的、独立的用户个体乘车请求有序串联,并根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化,创建出同时满足多个个体乘车请求的一系列具有时间属性的停靠地点的运营车辆行驶路线; 所述根据不断随机出现的个体乘车请求实时调整优化的过程如下: 用户a向运营服务中心提交个体乘 18.- species indefinite site without a fixed line public transportation operation method realization includes the following steps: (a) a user issuing a time with more vacant time attribute or attributes to the address operation management platform by directly or indirectly individual drive request; (b) an individual drive operation management platform and real-time request to each operator of the vehicle with the planning and / or a vacant number of passengers can be accommodated within the vehicle matching process, according to the difference between the two, the individual is calculated Location request contained in the drive and / or time information to operators approaching vehicle arrival information, at least one selected vehicle operator, and feedback to the user; the travel plan is a series of random, independent of the individual user by car request an orderly series, and real-time adjustment and optimization based on individual travel requests continue to appear randomly to create a series of docking place with a time of operating a vehicle while meeting the properties of individual travel requests more driving route; continuously according to the random individual travel requests occur in real-time adjustment and optimization of the process is as follows: a user to submit individual ride operator service center 车请求,表述为:{AsdhAjW)};其中:^表示用户a出发的地点,tas表示用户a请求的出发时间,Ae3表示用户a到达的地点,tae3表示用户a请求的到达时间; 那么,根据用户b提交的个体乘车请求{Bs(tbs),BP(tbP),Be(tbe)},平台经过运算,最优的行驶路线是该运营车辆先接用户a,再接用户b,满足用户b的经停,之后用户a到达目的地,最后用户b到达目的地;因此,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:{As,(tas,),Bs,(tbs,),BP,(tbp' ),Ae,(tae' ) ,Be,(tbe,) };其中:Bs,表示根据出发地点Bs运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbs,表示根据请求的出发时间tbs计算出的运营车辆到达匕,的时间,BP,表示根据中途经停地点仏运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tbp,计算出的运营车辆到达Bp,的时间,表示根据到达地点Be运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tbe,表 Car request, expressed as: {AsdhAjW)}; where: ^ denotes the location the user a departure, TAS represents a departure time of the user a request, Ae3 indicates the location a user A arrives, tae3 represents the arrival time of the user a request; then, according to individual drive request submitted by the user b {Bs (tbs), BP (tbP), be (tbe)}, after computing platform, the optimal travel route that the vehicle operator to access the user a, user b followed, to meet the users b, stops, after the user reaches a destination, the final destination user b; thus, the operations planning travel of the vehicle will be adjusted, expressed as: {as, (tas,), Bs, (tbs,), BP, (tbp '), Ae, (tae'), Be, (tbe,)}; wherein: Bs, shows a departure place Bs operate at a stopping place of the vehicle created, tbs, indicating the calculated according to the starting time of the request tbs of time operating the vehicle reaches the dagger, the, BP, shows a docking place a stopover place Fo operational vehicles created, tbp, shows a stopover time of the request tbp, the calculated operate the vehicle reaches Bp, time, expressed according to the arrival Be docked Location Location operational vehicles created, tbe, table 根据请求的到达时间tb4十算出的运营车辆到达Be,的时间; 该运营车辆的行驶规划根据随机发生的跟该运营车辆相关的个体乘车请求不断调整,一直到用户n,用户η向运营服务中心提交个体乘车请求,表述为:{Ns(tns),NP(UP),Ne(tne3)};其中:队表示用户η出发的地点,tns表示用户η请求的出发时间,Np表示用户η中途经停的地点,tnp表示用户η请求的中途经停时间,Ne3表示用户η到达的地点,tne3表示用户η请求的到达时间; 用户a到用户f已经完成乘车过程,那么,根据用户η提交的个体乘车请求{Ns(tns),NP(^)其(1)},平台经过运算,该运营车辆的行驶规划就会被调整,表述为:卜_匕,(^,)...Ns,(W )…Np,(tnp,)."Ge,(tge,)."Ne,(tne,》..};其中:Gs,表不根据用户g出发的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,W表示根据用户g请求的出发时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Gs,的 Be time of arrival based on time of arrival of the requested operating vehicles tb4 ten calculated, of; the operator of the vehicle traveling constantly adjusted to the individual travel planning request with the operator of the vehicle associated with randomly occurring until the user n, η user to operate the service Submit request individual center drive, is expressed as: {Ns (tns), NP (UP), Ne (tne3)}; where: η user team represents the starting location, TNS indicates the departure time of the user request η, η represents the user Np a stop in place, showing TNP stop in time requested by the user η, η Ne3 indicates the user of the arrival location, tne3 η represents the arrival time of the user request; f the user has completed a user to drive the process, then, according to a user η individual drive requests submitted {Ns (tns), NP (^) which (1)}, the platform through the operation of the vehicle driving operation planning will be adjusted, expressed as: _ dagger Bu, (^,) .. .Ns, (W) ... Np, (tnp,) "Ge, (tge,)." Ne, (tne, "..}; where:. Gs, depending on where the user table does not g starting, operating a vehicle created stopping places, W represents a departure time of the user according to the request g, the calculated vehicle reaches operating Gs, the 间,匕,表示根据用户g到达的地点,运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tg(3,表示根据用户g请求的到达时间,计算出的运营车辆到达Ge,的时间具,表示根据出发地点Ns运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tns,表示根据请求的出发时间tns计算出的运营车辆到达队,的时间,NP,表示根据中途经停地Anp运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tnp,表示根据请求的中途经停时间tnp计算出的运营车辆到达Np,的时间,Ne,表示根据到达地点Ne运营车辆创建的停靠地点,tne,表示根据请求的到达时间U3计算出的运营车辆到达Ne,的时间; (C)用户收到反馈后,从运营管理平台推荐的至少一台运营车辆中做出选择并提交确认; (d)个体乘车请求确认提交后,运营管理平台向用户发送乘客认证信息,供登车时确认身份和进行预付费;同时,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆 Room, dagger, a timing depending on where the user g arriving, stopping places operational vehicles created, tg (3, shows a arrival time of the user g requested, the calculated operating the vehicle reaches Ge, WITH, shows a departure place Ns operation stop location of the vehicle to create, tns, representing the calculated according to departure time of the request tns operational vehicles to reach the team, time, NP, shows a docking place a stopover in the Anp operational vehicles created, tnp, expressed in passing at the request of time stop time tnp calculated operating the vehicle reaches Np, the, Ne, expressed according to a stopping place arrival point Ne operator of the vehicle to create, tne, a timing calculated based on the arrival time of the request U3 operate the vehicle reaches Ne, a; (C ) after receiving user feedback, made from the operation management platform recommended by at least one vehicle operator to select and confirm the submission; (d) the individual travel requests submitted to confirm, operations management platform sends the user authentication information to passengers for boarding when confirm the identity and pre-paid; the same time, operations management platform synchronized across operating vehicle travel planning and / or vehicle 余可容纳乘客数,并反馈至车载终端; (e)运营车辆到达时,用户采用乘客认证信息进行认证,并成功搭乘;同时,用户终端或车载终端将乘客搭乘信息发送至运营管理平台,运营管理平台同步更新相关运营车辆的行驶规划和/或车辆空余可容纳乘客数。 I can accommodate a number of passengers, and fed back to the onboard terminal; (e) when operating the vehicle reaches the user employs the passenger authentication information for authentication, and the success of the riding; Meanwhile, the user terminal or in-vehicle terminal passenger boarding information sent to the operation management platform, operating management platform synchronization update with planning and / or vehicle spare related operational vehicle can accommodate the number of passengers.
  19. 19.根据权利要求18所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营方法,其特征在于:所述直接方式为通过自有终端上的定制软件或登录指定网站直接提交个体乘车需求,所述间接方式为通过呼叫中心间接提交个体乘车请求。 19. According to one of the 18 claims of indefinite site without a fixed line public transport operators, characterized in that: the direct way for the submission of individual travel requirements directly through its own custom software on the terminal or log on designated sites , indirectly through the call center of individual drive request submitted indirectly.
  20. 20.根据权利要求18所述的一种无限定站点无固定线路的公共交通运营方法,其特征在于:所述用户终端和/或运营管理平台和/或车载终端不同程度地引入人工介入、干预。 20. According to one of claim 18 to claim indefinite site without a fixed line public transportation operation, characterized in that: said user terminal and / or the operation management platform and / or to introduce different degrees onboard terminal manual intervention, intervention .
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