CN103159527A - Method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials - Google Patents

Method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103159527A
CN103159527A CN 201110430272 CN201110430272A CN103159527A CN 103159527 A CN103159527 A CN 103159527A CN 201110430272 CN201110430272 CN 201110430272 CN 201110430272 A CN201110430272 A CN 201110430272A CN 103159527 A CN103159527 A CN 103159527A
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China
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edible mushrooms
activated clay
energy type
corn bran
oil residues
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Pending
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CN 201110430272
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Chinese (zh)
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詹文圆
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詹文圆
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Priority to CN 201110430272 priority Critical patent/CN103159527A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials and belongs to the technical field of agricultural production. The method can be applied to production of edible mushrooms compost. The method comprises the steps of using the activated clay oil residues and the corn bran to serve as the main raw materials, conducting airing or stoving processing, adding various constant micronutrient elements and antioxidant according to growth requirements of edible mushrooms after mixing according to proportion and producing the high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer. The method is applied to production of the edible mushrooms, the additive amount is 15%, the balanced 85% is corncobs, sawdust or cottonseed hulls, and a biological conversion rate can achieve 100%-120%. Effects of increasing 20% of the production are achieved on the basis of reducing compost raw material cost by more than 20%. The method solves the problem that the activated clay oil residues are low in using rate, environmental pollution is serious and the like at present, turns waste into wealth and is high in social and economic benefits.

Description

It is a kind of that concentrated energy type adds fertile method take the atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran as the main material production high-quality edible mushroom
Technical field
This patent is a kind of technology of adding fertilizer for the concentrated energy type of production high-quality matter edible mushrooms in field of agricultural production technologies.Belong to the technical field of edible fungi production in agrotechnique.
Background technology
Edible mushrooms (edible fungi) refers to the macro fungi that the mankind eat.The known edible mushrooms of China has kind more than 350, and wherein the Basidiomycotinas that belong to, common are: mushroom, straw mushroom, mushroom, auricularia auriculajudae, white fungus, Hericium erinaceus (Bull. Ex Fr.) Pers., dictyophora phalloidea, Trichotoma matsutake etc. more; Minority belongs to Ascomycotina, wherein has: morel, saddle fungus, ferfas etc.Above-mentioned fungi is grown in respectively in different areas, different ecotope.Kind and the quantity of growing in the forest of mountain area are more, as mushroom, auricularia auriculajudae, white fungus, hedgehog hydnum, Trichotoma matsutake, russule and bolete etc.On the edge of a field, roadside, grassland and haystack, growth has straw mushroom, dried mushroom etc.What the south growth was more is high temperature fecundity fungi; What the growth of high Mountain area, northern cold zone was more is the fruiting performances at low temperature fungi.
Edible mushrooms is not only delicious, and nutritious, often be called heath food by people, the amino acid that not only contains various needed by human as mushroom, also have the cholesterol that reduces in blood, treat hypertensive effect, also find in recent years to contain in mushroom, mushroom, needle mushroom, hedgehog hydnum the material that strengthens the human body anti-cancer ability.Be worth from edible mushrooms, edible mushrooms will become the source of third world's main protein. and as wind tail mushroom and beef, the various compositions that pork contains are substantially similar.The ultimate production of China edible mushrooms in 2005 reaches 1,200 ten thousand tons, ranks first in the world, and mushroom industry has become an important industry in China's plant husbandry.
The concentrated energy type of edible mushrooms adds fertilizer and refers to be added in culture medium of edible fungus, replenishes the nutritive substance of energy (crude fat, starch based) required in the edible fungi growth process, and addition is 10%-20% in culture medium of edible fungus.
Carclazyte refers to the atlapulgite of natural clay after acid treatment.Its main component is diatomite, and itself is just existing active.The chemical constitution of atlapulgite is SiO2:(50~70) w%; Al203:(10~16) w%; Fe2O3:(2~4) w%; MgO:(1~6) w% etc.The chemical constitution of atlapulgite has very big difference with raw materials used clay is different with activation condition, but it is generally acknowledged adsorptive power and the chemical constitution relation little.Be mainly used in the decolorizing and refining of lubricating oil and animal-plant oil, the decolouring of petroleum fractions or dehydration and solvent refining etc.
The atlapulgite dregs of fat that use in this patent, refer to that animals and plants polished fats station-service comes the atlapulgite tankage of oil spill decolouring, after testing, wherein contains the crude fat more than 20%, its main component is free fatty acids, phosphatide, colloid etc., and crude fat content is more than 15%; The moisture that 25% left and right is separately arranged, the atlapulgite of 60% left and right.
Corn bran refers to the byproduct that produces in fodder industry processing maize raw material process, and main component is corn particle, Semen Maydis powder and maize peel etc., leading indicator crude protein 〉=8%, nitrogen-free extract>70%/moisture≤12%.
Summary of the invention
the present technique main contents are for take the atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran as main raw material, process by airing or drying and dewatering, and add multiple constant and micronutrient element after being disposed, and add the concentrated fertile quality guaranteed period of antioxidant growth, production can be applied in the Edible Fungi field, crude fat content is more than 10%, nitrogen-free extract content addition is more than 40%, the concentrated energy type that comprises the required every trace element of edible mushrooms and mineral substance adds fertile, on the basis that reduces culture medium raw material cost 20%, reach the effect of volume increase 20%.Turn waste into wealth thereby reach, increase social and economic benefits, the purpose of environmental contamination reduction.
For example: the atlapulgite dregs of fat are measured index of correlation, after processing through drying and dewatering, mix according to the ratio of 2: 1 with corn bran, add simultaneously the required major elements of edible fungi growth such as gypsum, potassium primary phosphate, sal epsom, and the required VITAMIN of composite Growth of Flammulina Velutipes and trace element (main component is the elements such as vitamin B group and trace iron, copper, zinc) are applied to during needle mushroom produces, addition is 15%, all the other 85% use corn cob, wood chip or cotton seed hullss, the biology transformation efficiency is 100%-120%.
Embodiment
The concrete implementation and operation step of present technique is as follows:
1. main raw material pre-treatment:
1) by airing or drying and processing mode, atlapulgite dregs of fat water content is reduced to below 12%, and adds antioxidant tertiarybutylhydroquinone (TBHQ), addition is 200g/T.
2) corn bran is crushed into the particle of diameter 2-3 millimeter.
2. concentrated energy type adds fertile configuration
1) will mix according to the ratio of 2: 1 through the pretreated atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran particle, its total addition level is
2) add gypsum 10%, potassium primary phosphate 5%, sal epsom 2%, 1% VITAMIN and trace element built material in mixing the composite complete atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran granule premix.
3. concentrated energy type adds fertile packing and use.
Will be through the mixing raw material after upper two step process, employing machinery or manual type are packed in the 50kg woven bag, during use, add 10%-20% according to kind, all the other 80%-90% use the conventional raw materials such as corn cob, wood chip, straw and cotton seed hulls, and raw material is specifically selected to need to determine according to edible fungus variety.

Claims (2)

  1. Claimed with take the atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran as main raw material two based food Oils and fats enterprises and agricultural byproduct as the use of raw material in the concentrated energy type of edible mushrooms adds fertilizer.
  2. Claimed with take the atlapulgite dregs of fat and corn bran as main raw material two based food Oils and fats enterprises and agricultural byproduct as raw material in the concentrated energy type of edible mushrooms adds fertilizer separately preparation and mix using method.
CN 201110430272 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials Pending CN103159527A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN 201110430272 CN103159527A (en) 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110430272 CN103159527A (en) 2011-12-16 2011-12-16 Method for producing high-quality edible mushrooms concentrating energy type adding fertilizer by using activated clay oil residues and corn bran to serve as main raw materials

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CN103159527A true CN103159527A (en) 2013-06-19

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103387463A (en) * 2013-08-01 2013-11-13 青河县隆濠发展有限公司 Cultivation method and cultivation culture material of black fungus
CN103508817A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Lentinus edodes cultivation material taking mulberry branch chipping as raw material and preparation method of lentinus edodes cultivation material
CN112028711A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-04 荆州市保平环保科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103387463A (en) * 2013-08-01 2013-11-13 青河县隆濠发展有限公司 Cultivation method and cultivation culture material of black fungus
CN103387463B (en) * 2013-08-01 2015-10-28 青河县隆濠发展有限公司 A kind of cultivating method of black fungus and cultivation culture material thereof
CN103508817A (en) * 2013-10-17 2014-01-15 安徽徽王食品有限公司 Lentinus edodes cultivation material taking mulberry branch chipping as raw material and preparation method of lentinus edodes cultivation material
CN112028711A (en) * 2020-09-10 2020-12-04 荆州市保平环保科技有限公司 Organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20130619