CN103155833A - Production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing - Google Patents

Production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103155833A
CN103155833A CN2011104159564A CN201110415956A CN103155833A CN 103155833 A CN103155833 A CN 103155833A CN 2011104159564 A CN2011104159564 A CN 2011104159564A CN 201110415956 A CN201110415956 A CN 201110415956A CN 103155833 A CN103155833 A CN 103155833A
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water
hole
fertilizer
loss reducer
fruit
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何寒
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何寒
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of plant growing, in particular to a production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing. The production technology especially includes that water-retaining agent is used for achieving the functions of repeated absorbing of hundreds of times of water, fertilizer is diluted into liquiform nutrient solution, and the fertilizer is absorbed through the water-retaining agent to be solid nutrient solution; and six to eight moisture and nutrient storage holes (pits) are dug around a fruit tree, the storage holes (pits) are full of the solid nutrient solution, the water-retaining agent inside the storage holes (pits) can repeatedly absorb and store rich water, and then the rich water can be discharged out slowly so as to enable the fruit tree to absorb the rich water during drought. According to the production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing, in the process of implementing, corresponding devices and equipment do not need to be arranged in a matching mode, the functional characteristics of the water-retaining agent are mainly used for enabling water and fertilizer to be fixed, releasing is slow, the fruit tree can absorb the water and the fertilizer for a long time in balanced and complete modes, and the water and the fertilizer can not be washed away and can not be wasted. The production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing is one of the most effective measures of balanced application of water and fertilizer, and can be widely popularized and promoted in orchardists.

Description

One planting fruit-trees is planted can train lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of plant growing technology, be specifically related to the sustainable water conservation of a kind of fruit growing, fertilizer conservation production technology.
Background technology
The production of fruit trees Cultural distribution point of China is that these places generally do not possess the moisture irrigation conditions on hillside or hillslope mostly at present, and what the moisture irrigation conditions was arranged is mostly by the huge investment construction.Described in " pomology " inner " fruit tree growth environment and ecology condition ": water is very important to the whole growth effect of fruit tree, and at first, water is the Survival Factor of fruit tree; Secondly, water affects growing of fruit tree; Moreover water is medium or the carrier of fruit tree material absorbing, transportation and distribution; Simultaneously, water affects output and the quality of fruit tree.In addition, fruit tree grows into from stalwartness and achieves great success, and also is undivided with scientific and reasonable fertilising in production management.
So people have just recognized the importance of liquid manure when beginning to manage the fruit tree industry.The orchard water and fertilizer management is filled with under sprinkling irrigation, drip irrigation, infiltrating irrigation and film, and fertilising adopts and to spread manuer in holes, spread fertilizer over the fields with the technological means such as row replacement and execute the liquid manure technology to balance now.To executing the further investigation of liquid manure technology, it is the most reasonable, the effective a kind of technology of production of fruit trees management that the ecological balance is executed liquid manure along with people, and it has not only improved orchard output, but also favourable assurance the fruit quality.The ecological balance is executed theoretical foundation, the technical system of liquid manure and the means that realize can effectively be eliminated balance and execute the universal key constraints of liquid manure Technique Popularizing, becomes one of important key technology of agricultural and environment sustainable development.
Application number is 92106627.9 " applying fruit trees with fertilizer-water in mountain area method and device ", this disclosure of the invention a kind of method and apparatus of applying fruit trees with fertilizer-water in mountain area.Principal character is: the underground upright position at the second space crossed point of side shoot of one, two, three major branches of fruit tree or main result position is buried the irrigation tank that inwall has the interior Sheng rich water of little water seepage hole underground, 15~20 centimetres apart from ground, tank mouth and sealing, blinding.Its major advantage is in the arid area, can take full advantage of liquid manure, fruit tree uniform absorption, saving liquid manure.Irrigation tank adopts the crock of unique design, has the advantages that to ooze and do not leak.
Application number is 200810025844.6 " method of fruit tree perforating deep layer fertilizing ", this invention is to provide a kind of method of fruit tree perforating deep layer fertilizing, with required fertilizer in fruit growing process in the middle of a year, size according to every strain top fruit sprayer diameter, on the circumference at 20-30cm place to make a call to a diameter be 20cm 1 meter, interval outside the hat width drip of tree body, and the degree of depth is 40-50cm hole body opening, with the growth needs of required fertilizer according to the fruit tree Various Seasonal, put into the hole, then water.The method of this invention perforating deep layer fertilizing induces the fruit tree root system to stretch into depth of soils absorption nutrient and moisture, has guaranteed effective absorption of institute's fertilise, has increased the drought-resistance ability of fruit tree, and growing way is prosperous by force, has increased output.
Application number is 02113879.6 " dispersed type underground uniform speed drip irrigation device for fruit tree ", this invention is a kind of dispersed type underground uniform speed drip irrigation device for fruit tree for water-saving dried area fruit tree irrigating, is made of bucket, floating block, bung, indicating arm pillar, indicating arm, water-supply-pipe pillar, water-supply-pipe, water dropper.This drip irrigation emitter is imbedded near the root of fruit tree, and the water in bucket at the uniform velocity oozes from water dropper under the synergy of floating block, water-supply-pipe and water dropper.A speed of this invention is not subjected to the impact of inner bucket water position variation, also can use continuously, and have characteristics simple in structure, that cost is low.Therefore it is specially adapted to the water-saving irrigation to the fruit tree that grows up when spring drought of northern China arid area and hills, mountain region.
Application number is 200310115875.8 " fruit tree anti drought cultivation method ", and this is the cultivation method of a planting fruit-trees drought resisting.Mainly comprise and select drought resisting seeds and stock, fruit growing is managed between the garden.Fruit growing comprises dense planting, pruning, fertilising, diligent deep ploughing, and builds terraced fields and fish scale pit; Between the garden, supervisory packet contains the orchard covering, orchard ground cover, and the plastic mulching of cave storage rich water, water-saving irrigation is used hygroscopic agent and is used anti-steaming agent, and wherein the orchard covers and comprises the film covering and cover grass, and that orchard ground cover is selected is Bai Sanye; Water-saving irrigation comprises drip irrigation and sprinkling irrigation.
Application number is 200710013892.9 " method of fruit tree in mountainous dry land water accumulating and supplying underground container ", this disclosure of the invention a kind of method of fruit tree in mountainous dry land water accumulating and supplying underground container, the method comprises the following steps: (1), 1-5 groove of certain distance excavation around the fruit tree; (2), place in each ground lower groove outside water storage container, be provided with a plurality of compact arranged interior water storage containers in outer water storage container, have a plurality of through holes on interior water storage container, be provided with the water-absorption fiber bundle in interior water storage container, the top of outer water storage container is provided with a water inlet pipe that communicates with its inside; (3), the upper surface of water storage container arranges one deck separation layer outside, this separation layer and water-absorption fiber bundle close contact; (4), fill up soil to the top open part of water inlet pipe above separation layer; (5), spread plastic foil at the top open part of ditch notch, have permeable hole on plastic foil; (6), the upper surface of plastic foil is covered with layer protective layer.
Application number is 200810013361.4 " fruit-tree tubule outflow irrigation system and irrigation method ", this invention is described a kind of fruit-tree tubule outflow irrigation system, comprises water supply well, water pump, microcomputer feedwater space, valve, Zhi Ganguan, arm, constant-current stabilizer and isocon.Arm is connected with Zhi Ganguan, constant-current stabilizer is connected with arm, isocon is connected with constant-current stabilizer, water pump is arranged on below the dynamic water level of water supply well, is filled with filtrate outside the borehole wall around water supply well, and water pump is connected with the microcomputer feedwater space, be connected with valve between the microcomputer feedwater space, the other end of valve connects a plurality of arms, perpendicular to the arm direction, several isocons is arranged, and between isocon and arm, constant-current stabilizer is arranged.When water proposes from water supply well, through the microcomputer feedwater space, after the duct length constant pressure, flow to supervisor through valve, then flow to Zhi Ganguan respectively, in arm, stablize flow velocity and flow by constant-current stabilizer, flow out by isocon at last, directly irrigate the root to trees, realize irrigating overall process.
Application number is 200910114666.9 " method of fruit tree and forest siphoning and drip ", the method of the described planting fruit-trees of stating of this invention and forest siphoning and drip, be on the side or the ground between two strains tree of tree, be placed with the container of water storage, can contain fertilizer or the medicine of preparation as required in water; Make a call to the hole of a certain depth in tree dish soil; Flexible pipe one end of a controllable flow rate is placed in water container, and the other end is inserted the hole in tree dish soil, and the liquid inventory of controlling in flexible pipe drips in the hole, and the hole covers.Utilize the method for siphoning and drip that fruit tree, forest are irrigated, water-fertilizer-pesticide can be splashed into together the root district.Although above patent of invention technology has significant advantage, these technology are implemented all to need during the course supporting related device and equipment, and are all very complicated on operation sequence.Some technology only limits to some strong fruit fields, specialist uses, and is difficult to penetration and promotion application in orchard worker group.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of above-mentioned technology and the sustainable water conservation of a kind of new fruit growing, fertilizer conservation production technology are provided, specifically utilize water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, first fertilizer is diluted to aqueous nutrient solution, then by water-loss reducer, it is absorbed the solid nutrient solution; Make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree, the solid nutrient solution is filled stored hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb repeatedly and store rich water, slowly rich water is discharged again during arid for the fruit tree absorption.The present invention does not need supporting related device and equipment in implementation process, is mainly to utilize the functional characteristic of water-loss reducer that liquid manure is fixed up, and be slowly during release, fruit tree can be for a long time, balanced and completely for absorbing, and rich water does not run off, does not waste; That balance is executed one of effective measures of liquid manure.
Water-loss reducer is a kind of artificial synthetic high molecular polymer, has superelevation suction and water retention property.It can absorb at the utmost point moisture of own wt more than hundred times in the short time, expand to form hydrogel after suction, restores to the original state again after releasing water, can repeatedly absorb water, release water.Water-loss reducer application in the present invention, make technical matters of the present invention embody small investment, simple, the easy operation of technique, instant effect on production of fruit trees, and the fertile new technology system of the drought resisting, water saving, joint that can bring distinct economic, can be widely in orchard worker group penetration and promotion use.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
1, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, is to utilize water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, first fertilizer is diluted to aqueous nutrient solution, then by water-loss reducer, it is absorbed the solid nutrient solution; Make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree, the solid nutrient solution is filled stored hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb repeatedly and store rich water, slowly rich water is discharged again during arid for the fruit tree absorption.
2, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, and required material has:
(1) water-loss reducer.
(2) water.
(3) according to the fertilizer of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs.
3, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, is to make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree.
(1) storing hole (hole) specification is: diameter is 60~80cm, is 40~50cm deeply.
(2) storing hole (hole) is distributed in apart from around fruit tree 0.5~1m.
4, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, and its processing step is as follows:
(1) nutrient liquid fertilizer preparation: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs, and be diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer according to the concentration that fertilizer should dilute.
(2) nutrient liquid fertilizer solidifies: press the part by weight 1: 100~150 of water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer and gets up into the solid shape.
(3) discharge the solid nutrient solution: store hole (hole) for 6~8 around the solid nutrient solution is filled respectively, hole (hole) mouth covers with plastic foil.
(4) store hole (hole) water and fertilizer management: after the inner solid nutrient solution in storage hole (hole) has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and again moisture absorption is solidified, discharge slowly again during arid for the fruit tree absorption; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, again nutrient liquid fertilizer toward storing inner fillings in hole (hole) to full, stores the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb curing to nutrient solution again and get up, and discharging slowly supplies the fruit tree absorption.
(5) store hole (hole) final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole (hole) or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer with its absorption curing, illustrates that water-loss reducer is degraded, need to again use new water-loss reducer.
The present invention has the following advantages:
1, the present invention can be prepared into solid-state fertilizer the nutrient liquid fertilizer that more easily allows fruit tree absorb according to the rational rational application of fertilizers of nutritional need of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs, and preparation technology is simple, random large.
2, the invention process, liquid manure is fixed up, slowly during release, fruit tree can be for a long time, balanced and completely for absorbing, rich water does not run off, does not waste, utilization rate of fertilizer is high, means that fertilizing amount reduces, thereby saves fertilizer, Decrease production cost is one of effective measures of balance fertilizing.。
3, the invention process, water use efficiency obviously improves, and water consumption only has 1/3rd of drip irrigation.
4, in the present invention, applied water-loss reducer can absorb, store rich water repeatedly, slowly discharges the function of rich water during arid again.
5, the invention process can be accomplished Tree Precise Fertilization, and the fruit tree growing way is even, and concentrate harvest time.
6, the invention process, because water and fertilizer management is reasonable, science, moisture, nutrient supply are stablized, and the fruit tree plant strain growth is healthy and strong, shows as high yield and high quality.
7, the invention process, fruit can be gathered in the crops in advance, relatively improves the market advantage.
8, enforcement of the present invention does not need supporting related device and equipment, and small investment, technique are simple, easily operation, effect are remarkable, can be widely in orchard worker group penetration and promotion use.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, method of the present invention is further illustrated.
1, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, is to utilize water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, first fertilizer is diluted to aqueous nutrient solution, then by water-loss reducer, it is absorbed the solid nutrient solution; Make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree, the solid nutrient solution is filled stored hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb repeatedly and store rich water, slowly rich water is discharged again during arid for the fruit tree absorption.
2, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, and required material has:
(1) water-loss reducer.
(2) water.
(3) according to the fertilizer of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs.
3, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, is to make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree.
(1) storing hole (hole) specification is: diameter is 60~80cm, is 40~50cm deeply.
(2) storing hole (hole) is distributed in apart from around fruit tree 0.5~1m.
4, a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, and its processing step is as follows:
(1) nutrient liquid fertilizer preparation: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs, and be diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer according to the concentration that fertilizer should dilute.
(2) nutrient liquid fertilizer solidifies: press the part by weight 1: 100~150 of water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer and gets up into the solid shape.
(3) discharge the solid nutrient solution: store hole (hole) for 6~8 around the solid nutrient solution is filled respectively, hole (hole) mouth covers with plastic foil.
(4) store hole (hole) water and fertilizer management: after the inner solid nutrient solution in storage hole (hole) has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and again moisture absorption is solidified, discharge slowly again during arid for the fruit tree absorption; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, again nutrient liquid fertilizer toward storing inner fillings in hole (hole) to full, stores the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb curing to nutrient solution again and get up, and discharging slowly supplies the fruit tree absorption.
(5) store hole (hole) final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole (hole) or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer with its absorption curing, illustrates that water-loss reducer is degraded, need to again use new water-loss reducer.

Claims (4)

1. a planting fruit-trees is planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, it is characterized in that utilizing water-loss reducer can repeatedly absorb the function of hundreds of times water, first fertilizer is diluted to aqueous nutrient solution, then by water-loss reducer, it is absorbed the solid nutrient solution; Make a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree, the solid nutrient solution is filled stored hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb repeatedly and store rich water, slowly rich water is discharged again during arid for the fruit tree absorption.
2. the described planting fruit-trees in is according to claim 1 planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, it is characterized in that required material has:
(1) water-loss reducer.
(2) water.
(3) according to the fertilizer of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs.
3. the described planting fruit-trees in is according to claim 1 planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, it is characterized in that making a call to 6~8 moisture, nutrient storage hole (hole) around fruit tree.
(1) storing hole (hole) specification is: diameter is 60~80cm, is 40~50cm deeply.
(2) storing hole (hole) is distributed in apart from around fruit tree 0.5~1m.
4. the described planting fruit-trees in is according to claim 1 planted and can be trained lasting water conservation, fertilizer conservation production technology, it is characterized in that processing step is as follows:
(1) nutrient liquid fertilizer preparation: according to the essential fertilizer of nutrient of each planting fruit-trees, each growth cycle needs, and be diluted with water to aqueous nutrient liquid fertilizer according to the concentration that fertilizer should dilute.
(2) nutrient liquid fertilizer solidifies: press the part by weight 1: 100~150 of water-loss reducer and nutrient liquid fertilizer, water-loss reducer is rendered in nutrient liquid fertilizer, after 20~30 minutes, water-loss reducer all absorbs nutrient liquid fertilizer and gets up into the solid shape.
(3) discharge the solid nutrient solution: store hole (hole) for 6~8 around the solid nutrient solution is filled respectively, hole (hole) mouth covers with plastic foil.
(4) store hole (hole) water and fertilizer management: after the inner solid nutrient solution in storage hole (hole) has discharged, can fill water toward storing hole (hole), store the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and again moisture absorption is solidified, discharge slowly again during arid for the fruit tree absorption; In the time of need to appending fertilizer, first fertilizer is diluted to the nutrient liquid fertilizer of required concentration, again nutrient liquid fertilizer toward storing inner fillings in hole (hole) to full, stores the inner water-loss reducer in hole (hole) and can absorb curing to nutrient solution again and get up, and discharging slowly supplies the fruit tree absorption.
(5) store hole (hole) final-period management: when toward storing to pour water in hole (hole) or during nutrient solution, not finding that water-loss reducer with its absorption curing, illustrates that water-loss reducer is degraded, need to again use new water-loss reducer.
CN2011104159564A 2011-12-13 2011-12-13 Production technology capable of achieving water holding and fertilizer maintenance continuously of fruit growing Pending CN103155833A (en)

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Cited By (13)

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CN103508789A (en) * 2013-09-07 2014-01-15 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Nutrient carrier material having functions of loosening ventilation and water and fertilizer retention
CN103947322A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Orchard soil management method after occurrence of drought disasters
CN104054495A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 何寒 Dendrobium candidum planting method
CN104106355A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 黄艳芳 Water-fertilizer efficient management method of tea-oil tree during cultivation
CN104106356A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 黄艳芳 Badu bamboo efficient cultivation method
CN104509346A (en) * 2013-09-26 2015-04-15 黄海东 Dragon fruit production management method
CN105191735A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-30 何寒 Horseradish tree efficient cultivation method
CN105874998A (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-08-24 肖志雄 Randia cochinchinensis tree high-efficiency cultivation and management method
CN105874996A (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-08-24 雷色香 Water and fertilizer high-efficiency management method for cultivation of tea-oil trees
CN105875111A (en) * 2014-10-28 2016-08-24 田林县科学技术情报研究所 Efficient cultivation method of Badu bamboo shoots
CN107646481A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-02-02 绵阳瑞丰中升农业科技有限公司 A kind of efficient implantation methods of Kiwi berry
CN108094028A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-01 田东县举家富现代农业开发有限公司 A kind of liquid manure efficient management during mango cultivation of fruit tree
CN108718750A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-11-02 务川县文娟农业开发有限公司 A kind of gold pellet engrafting method

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Cited By (15)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103508789B (en) * 2013-09-07 2015-09-23 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 A kind of Nutrient carrier material with loosen ventilative and preserve moisture and fertility function
CN103508789A (en) * 2013-09-07 2014-01-15 福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所 Nutrient carrier material having functions of loosening ventilation and water and fertilizer retention
CN104509346A (en) * 2013-09-26 2015-04-15 黄海东 Dragon fruit production management method
CN103947322A (en) * 2014-04-24 2014-07-30 梁文荣 Orchard soil management method after occurrence of drought disasters
CN104106355A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 黄艳芳 Water-fertilizer efficient management method of tea-oil tree during cultivation
CN104106356A (en) * 2014-06-23 2014-10-22 黄艳芳 Badu bamboo efficient cultivation method
CN104054495A (en) * 2014-07-08 2014-09-24 何寒 Dendrobium candidum planting method
CN105874996A (en) * 2014-09-02 2016-08-24 雷色香 Water and fertilizer high-efficiency management method for cultivation of tea-oil trees
CN105874998A (en) * 2014-09-30 2016-08-24 肖志雄 Randia cochinchinensis tree high-efficiency cultivation and management method
CN105875111A (en) * 2014-10-28 2016-08-24 田林县科学技术情报研究所 Efficient cultivation method of Badu bamboo shoots
CN105191735A (en) * 2015-10-30 2015-12-30 何寒 Horseradish tree efficient cultivation method
CN107646481A (en) * 2017-10-30 2018-02-02 绵阳瑞丰中升农业科技有限公司 A kind of efficient implantation methods of Kiwi berry
CN108094028A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-01 田东县举家富现代农业开发有限公司 A kind of liquid manure efficient management during mango cultivation of fruit tree
CN108718750A (en) * 2018-05-15 2018-11-02 务川县文娟农业开发有限公司 A kind of gold pellet engrafting method
CN108718750B (en) * 2018-05-15 2020-06-23 务川县文娟农业开发有限公司 Grafting method for gold bullets

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