CN103147523A - Novel thermal insulation light enclosure - Google Patents

Novel thermal insulation light enclosure Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN103147523A
CN103147523A CN2013100545935A CN201310054593A CN103147523A CN 103147523 A CN103147523 A CN 103147523A CN 2013100545935 A CN2013100545935 A CN 2013100545935A CN 201310054593 A CN201310054593 A CN 201310054593A CN 103147523 A CN103147523 A CN 103147523A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
color steel
layer
heat
pcm
layers
Prior art date
Application number
CN2013100545935A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王军
龙恩深
徐龙
秦文
Original Assignee
四川大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 四川大学 filed Critical 四川大学
Priority to CN2013100545935A priority Critical patent/CN103147523A/en
Publication of CN103147523A publication Critical patent/CN103147523A/en

Links

Abstract

A novel thermal insulation light enclosure comprises two layers of 1mm-thickness color steel plates, one layer of 40mm-thickness EPS (Expandable Polystyrene) foam plate, one layer of 25mm-thickness phase-change materials (PCM) layer and a 8mm-thickness gypsum board layer, and is 75 mm in overall thickness and available in a summer heat insulation type and a winter thermal storage type. For the summer heat insulation type, the color steel plate, the EPS foam plate, the PCM layer, the gypsum board and the color steel plate are sequentially arranged from outside to inside; and for the winter thermal storage type, the color steel plate, the gypsum board, the PCM layer, the EPS foam plate and the color steel plate are sequentially arranged from outsides to insides. The enclosure provided by the invention has the characteristics of being efficient, energy-saving, economical, environment-friendly, flexible in mounting, easy in maintenance, less in occupied area, long in service life and the like.

Description

A kind of novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of heat insulating material and phase-change material of utilizing and be combined into sandwich construction to reach the raising thermal property as the novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure of purpose.

Background technology

The lightweight space enclosing structure has the characteristics such as structure is thin, quality is light, and is widely used in the temporary buildings such as movable plank house, lightly constructed and simply equipped building.These temporary buildings have been brought into play important effect in China's earthquake relief work process, for masses suffering from disaster provide dwelling environment timely; Simultaneously, in the large scale civil engineering job site, construction on a large scale needs number of workers more, and correspondingly, needing a large amount of temporary buildings is workman's sheltering; In addition, the competitive sports of often holding, Large Exhibitions, outdoor large activity etc. also need the facilities such as temporary building that platform and place are provided.

Yet, because present lightweight Thermal Performance of Envelope Structure is poor, not having good heat insulating effect, thermal inertia is less, thereby makes its building thermal environments of building comparatively abominable.Be in particular in: (1) is under the summer condition, due to the combined influence that is subject to outside air temperature and solar radiation, the indoor air temperature of the formed temporary building of lightweight space enclosing structure and internal surface temperature are all far above outdoor environment temperature, and " greenhouse effect " are obvious.(2) in the winter time under condition, owing to being subject to sky cold emission effect, indoor air temperature and internal surface temperature equal even lower than outdoor environment temperature, and " cold room effect is obvious.(3) do not consider the climate difference of different territory of uses, for heat insulationly to take as the leading factor and with two kinds of as broad as long considerations of typical mode of occupation that winter, accumulation of heat was taken as the leading factor, to make the applicability of existing structure form be restricted summer.

Therefore, if will improve the indoor thermal environment of temporary building, need improve the thermal property of lightweight space enclosing structure and do difference for heat insulation and accumulation of heat and consider, this also should complete on the basis that does not increase lightweight space enclosing structure thickness simultaneously.The technical method that meets this requirement is to adopt phase-change material, forms the composite multi-layer structure, by the efficient heat energy absorbing and releasing power of phase transition process, improves the thermal property of lightweight space enclosing structure, thereby possesses good heat insulation and accumulation of heat effect.

Summary of the invention

For the requirement of lightweight space enclosing structure to thermal property, the purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure that has good heat insulation and accumulation of heat effect and can satisfy the temporary building demands such as movable plank house, lightly constructed and simply equipped building.

Basic ideas of the present invention are: consist of composite multi-layer lightweight space enclosing structure by 2 layers of color steel, 1 strata styrene (EPS) cystosepiment, 1 layer of phase-change material layers (PCM), 1 layer of gypsum plank; Secondly, according to heat insulation requirement, pass to indoor in order to reduce as far as possible outdoor heat, ensure the stable of interior temperature, phase-change material layers (PCM) should be near the indoor, be order this moment take the outside to the indoor, the form of structure of lightweight space enclosing structure is respectively color steel layer, polystyrene (EPS) foam flaggy, phase-change material layers (PCM), gypsum flaggy, color steel layer; Again, according to the accumulation of heat requirement, in order to strengthen outdoor heat accumulating effect and passing to indoor in space enclosing structure, ensure the stable of interior temperature, phase-change material layers (PCM) should be near the outside, be order this moment take the outside to the indoor, the form of structure of lightweight space enclosing structure is respectively color steel layer, gypsum flaggy, phase-change material layers (PCM), polystyrene (EPS) foam flaggy, color steel layer.

The technical solution used in the present invention is: novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure, comprise 5 layers of structure, be respectively 2 layers 1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel, 1 layer 40 millimeters (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment, 1 layer 25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers (PCM) and 1 layer 8 millimeters (mm) thick gypsum planks, gross thickness is 75 millimeters (mm); Secondly, when being applied to summer during heat insulation take as the leading factor regional, be order take the outside to the indoor, the form of structure of lightweight space enclosing structure is 1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel+40 millimeters (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment+25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers (PCM)+8 millimeter (mm) thick gypsum plank+1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel, and the phase transition temperature of the phase-change material that adopt this moment should be higher than 2 ℃ of left and right of territory of use of institute minimum temperature in summer; Again, when being applied to when regional so that winter, accumulation of heat was taken as the leading factor, be order take the outside to the indoor, the form of structure of lightweight space enclosing structure is 1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel+8 millimeters (mm) thick gypsum plank+25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers (PCM)+40 millimeter (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiments+1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel, and the phase transition temperature of the phase-change material that adopt this moment should be lower than 2 ℃ of left and right of territory of use of institute maximum temperature in winter.

Advantage of the present invention is: novel heat insulation heat-insulation light Thermal Performance of Envelope Structure is high, heat insulation and accumulation of heat is effective, has given full play to the heat energy absorbing and releasing power of phase-change material; Simultaneously, pollution-free, flexible for installation, be easy to safeguard, floor space is less, long service life; In addition, go for the multiple temporary buildings such as movable plank house, lightly constructed and simply equipped building.

This novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure is produced on a large scale, and production technology is simple; Reach recoverable after maximum service life (MSL).Efficiently, the characteristics such as energy-conservation, economy, environmental protection make this novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure have significant practicality and generalization in development building energy conservation and green building industry process.

Description of drawings

This explanation comprises that following four width accompanying drawing: Fig. 1 are heat insulation type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure profiles in summer.Fig. 2 is heat accumulating type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure profile in winter.Fig. 3 is heat insulation type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure inner surface heat flow density whole day variation in summer schematic diagram.Fig. 4 is heat accumulating type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure inner surface heat flow density whole day variation in winter schematic diagram.In figure: 1,1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel, 2,40 millimeters (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment, 3,25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers (PCM), 4,8 millimeters (mm) thick gypsum planks.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described: as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that this space enclosing structure comprises: 2 layers of 1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel 1,3 and 1 layers of 8 millimeters (mm) thick gypsum plank 4 of 1 layer 40 millimeters (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS), 2,1 layer 25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers of cystosepiment (PCM), gross thickness is 75 millimeters (mm); The order of heat-insulated structure in summer from outdoor to indoor is color steel 1, polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment 2, phase-change material layers (PCM) 3, gypsum plank 4, color steel 1 successively; Winter, the order of structure from outdoor to indoor of heat accumulating type was color steel 1, gypsum plank 4, phase-change material layers (PCM) 3, polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment 2, color steel 1 successively.

Claims (3)

1. novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that comprising 2 layers of 1 millimeter (mm) thick color steel 1,3 and 1 layers of 8 millimeters (mm) thick gypsum plank 4 of 1 layer 40 millimeters (mm) thick polystyrene (EPS), 2,1 layer 25 millimeters (mm) thick phase-change material layers of cystosepiment (PCM), gross thickness is 75 millimeters (mm).
Summer heat insulation type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that consisting of according to its structure of the order from outdoor to indoor is color steel 1, polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment 2, phase-change material layers (PCM) 3, gypsum plank 4, color steel 1 successively.
Winter heat accumulating type novel heat insulation heat-insulation light space enclosing structure, it is characterized in that consisting of according to its structure of the order from outdoor to indoor is color steel 1, gypsum plank 4, phase-change material layers (PCM) 3, polystyrene (EPS) cystosepiment 2, color steel 1 successively.
CN2013100545935A 2013-02-21 2013-02-21 Novel thermal insulation light enclosure CN103147523A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100545935A CN103147523A (en) 2013-02-21 2013-02-21 Novel thermal insulation light enclosure

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2013100545935A CN103147523A (en) 2013-02-21 2013-02-21 Novel thermal insulation light enclosure

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN103147523A true CN103147523A (en) 2013-06-12

Family

ID=48545814

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2013100545935A CN103147523A (en) 2013-02-21 2013-02-21 Novel thermal insulation light enclosure

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN103147523A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104358342A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 西南科技大学 Thermal-storage, heat-insulation and sound-insulation hollow brick
CN104746889A (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-07-01 汤子仁 Reinforcing structure of wall of electric plant

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0231221A1 (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-08-12 Integrale Energie- Und Umwelttechnik Ag Energy-storing facade covering for controlling heat flow
CA1261696A (en) * 1985-06-19 1989-09-26 Canadian Patents And Development Limited - Societe Canadienne Des Brevets Et D'exploitation Limitee Phase change material matrix for incorporation in construction panels formed of gypsum or aggregate materials
CN2835396Y (en) * 2005-08-19 2006-11-08 姜曙光 Multifunctional composite board with single-side color steel board
CN200968018Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-10-31 邓安仲 Light energy-saving composite board containing phase-change material
CN201377128Y (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-01-06 高平 Heat-preservation/isolation wall body structure outside building

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1261696A (en) * 1985-06-19 1989-09-26 Canadian Patents And Development Limited - Societe Canadienne Des Brevets Et D'exploitation Limitee Phase change material matrix for incorporation in construction panels formed of gypsum or aggregate materials
EP0231221A1 (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-08-12 Integrale Energie- Und Umwelttechnik Ag Energy-storing facade covering for controlling heat flow
CN2835396Y (en) * 2005-08-19 2006-11-08 姜曙光 Multifunctional composite board with single-side color steel board
CN200968018Y (en) * 2006-09-07 2007-10-31 邓安仲 Light energy-saving composite board containing phase-change material
CN201377128Y (en) * 2009-03-03 2010-01-06 高平 Heat-preservation/isolation wall body structure outside building

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104746889A (en) * 2014-07-21 2015-07-01 汤子仁 Reinforcing structure of wall of electric plant
CN104358342A (en) * 2014-11-13 2015-02-18 西南科技大学 Thermal-storage, heat-insulation and sound-insulation hollow brick

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Ascione et al. Optimization of building envelope design for nZEBs in Mediterranean climate: Performance analysis of residential case study
El-Darwish et al. Retrofitting strategy for building envelopes to achieve energy efficiency
Nghana et al. Phase change material's (PCM) impacts on the energy performance and thermal comfort of buildings in a mild climate
Kolaitis et al. Comparative assessment of internal and external thermal insulation systems for energy efficient retrofitting of residential buildings
Zhu et al. Optimization method for building envelope design to minimize carbon emissions of building operational energy consumption using orthogonal experimental design (OED)
Pasupathy et al. Effect of double layer phase change material in building roof for year round thermal management
Yu et al. Evaluation on energy and thermal performance for office building envelope in different climate zones of China
Oliver Thermal characterization of gypsum boards with PCM included: Thermal energy storage in buildings through latent heat
Tsoutsos et al. Design of a solar absorption cooling system in a Greek hospital
Ascione et al. Energy refurbishment of existing buildings through the use of phase change materials: Energy savings and indoor comfort in the cooling season
Chan Energy and environmental performance of building façades integrated with phase change material in subtropical Hong Kong
Ibrahim et al. Building envelope with a new aerogel-based insulating rendering: Experimental and numerical study, cost analysis, and thickness optimization
Lin et al. Experimental study of under-floor electric heating system with shape-stabilized PCM plates
Kumar et al. Experimental evaluation of insulation materials for walls and roofs and their impact on indoor thermal comfort under composite climate
Castell et al. Experimental study of using PCM in brick constructive solutions for passive cooling
Mavrigiannaki et al. Latent heat storage in building elements: A systematic review on properties and contextual performance factors
Li et al. Preparation and application effects of a novel form-stable phase change material as the thermal storage layer of an electric floor heating system
Ogoli Predicting indoor temperatures in closed buildings with high thermal mass
Feng Thermal design standards for energy efficiency of residential buildings in hot summer/cold winter zones
Liu et al. Numerical analysis on thermal performance of a PCM-filled double glazing roof
Aste et al. The influence of the external walls thermal inertia on the energy performance of well insulated buildings
Ferrante et al. Zero energy balance and zero on-site CO2 emission housing development in the Mediterranean climate
Al-Ajmi et al. Simulation of energy consumption for Kuwaiti domestic buildings
Al-Masri et al. Courtyard housing in midrise buildings: An environmental assessment in hot-arid climate
Meng et al. Experimental and numerical study of the thermal performance of a new type of phase change material room

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130612

C05 Deemed withdrawal (patent law before 1993)