CN103141396A - Cat litter for pets and preparation method of cat litter - Google Patents

Cat litter for pets and preparation method of cat litter Download PDF

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CN103141396A
CN103141396A CN 201310039916 CN201310039916A CN103141396A CN 103141396 A CN103141396 A CN 103141396A CN 201310039916 CN201310039916 CN 201310039916 CN 201310039916 A CN201310039916 A CN 201310039916A CN 103141396 A CN103141396 A CN 103141396A
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litter
parts
paper
pulp
cat litter
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CN 201310039916
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Chinese (zh)
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朱群
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朱群
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Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of articles for pet garbage cleaning, in particular to cat litter for pets and a preparation method of the cat litter. The cat litter for pets comprises the following ingredients in parts by weight: 50 to 100 parts of paper plant sludge, 0 to 50 parts of paper pulp, 3 to 10 parts of bonding agents, 3 to 5 parts of paper dust and 0 to 5 parts of auxiliary agents, wherein the paper fiber length in the paper pulp is 1.5 to 3mm, and the paper fiber length in the paper dust is 0.5 to 1.5mm. The cat litter for pets has the advantages that the specific gravity is light, the adsorption capacity is high, the caking effect is good, the processing is easy, the environment protection is excellent, and in addition, the cost is low. The flow process of the preparation process of the cat litter is continuous, the time is saved, during the raw material stirring homogenization and granulation, the process is mild, and the operation is easy.

Description

一种宠物用猫砂及其制备方法 A pet litter with a method for its preparation

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及宠物垃圾清洁用品技术领域,尤其涉及一种宠物用猫砂及其制备方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to cleaning supplies pet refuse technologies, and particularly to a pet litter their preparation.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 猫砂是用于家庭养宠物如猫、狗等小动物的垫料,具有除臭、吸附性强、无毒、无污染、垃圾量少等特点,是一种家庭用绿色环保产品。 [0002] Litter is litter for household pets such as cats, dogs and other small animals, has a deodorizing, adsorption and strong, non-toxic, non-polluting, less garbage and other characteristics, is a household green products . 猫砂在使用时,当动物的粪便或尿液与其接触时,由于猫砂的吸湿性,其与粪便或尿液形成一体的球状,未沾染粪便和尿液的猫砂则不受污染,可继续使用,而且清理起来方便,也为饲养宠物带来轻松愉快和环保。 Spherical litter in use, when the animal is in contact with feces or urine, due to the hygroscopicity of the cat litter, which is formed integrally with the feces or urine, and feces are not contaminated with urine from the litter pollution, continue to use, and easy to clean up, it also brings light-hearted and environmental protection as pets.

[0003] 国内外猫砂主要有粘土类、纸质类、木质类和硅胶型等,目前根据宠物用品市场调查分析,粘土类猫砂仍是市场上主导产品,粘土类猫砂由于采用天然矿物为原料,具有成本低、吸附除臭性能好,结块抗压强度高等优点,但由于其使用后的固结物不易处理,容易造成二次污染,并且重量大,采购劳动强度大,给使用者增加困难,故其使用上受到限制。 [0003] at home and abroad are mainly clay cat litter, paper type, wood type and silicone type, etc., according to the current pet supplies market survey analysis, clay cat litter are still on the market leading products, clay cat litter due to the use of natural minerals as raw materials, low cost, good adsorption deodorization performance, compressive strength agglomeration advantages, but because of its use after the consolidation was not easy to handle, easy to cause secondary pollution, and heavy, labor intensive big purchases, to use it is more difficult, so its use is limited on. 硅胶猫砂也正受到宠物饲养者的喜爱,硅胶猫砂吸附能力强、吸收速度快,使用时无粉尘,除臭能力强等,但是普通硅胶猫砂,都是在宠物撒完尿后,慢慢被猫砂吸收,扩散面积较大,不能结团,不能随时将失效的部分清除,只好在规定的一段时间一次性换掉,造成了浪费,增加了宠物饲养者的费用,并且由于硅胶的多彩多味,容易被宠物吞食,对宠物的安全有一定影响。 Silica gel cat litter is also loved by pet owners and cat litter silica gel adsorption capacity, speed of absorption, the use of dust-free, strong deodorizing ability, but ordinary silica gel cat litter, pet urine finished spread are slow Cat litter is absorbed slowly, diffusion larger area, not agglomerated, is not always clear the failed portion, had to replace disposable in a predetermined period of time, resulting in a waste, increases the cost of pet owners, and since the silicone colorful multi-flavored, easily swallowed by pets, have an impact on pet safety. 木质类和纸质类猫砂比重轻,用量节省、经济,使用后可直接冲入下水道或焚烧处理等,但是此类猫砂一般不结团,粉尘较多,且木质类猫砂具有木质味,宠物不容易接受。 And paper-based litter lignocellulosic light weight, the amount of saving the economic, use incineration directly into the sewer or the like, but such is generally not agglomerated litter, more dust, wood and wood-based litters have a taste pets are not easy to accept.

[0004] 专利CN102150627 “一种猫砂及其制作方法”,公开了一种猫砂包括无机粘土、硅胶、有机基料和矿物质组合而成的混合物,通过结合现有猫砂基料的优点,制作出一种比重轻、结团能力强、易于处理、除臭能力好的猫砂;但是该种猫砂制作中较难均化,产品质量参次不齐。 [0004] Patent CN102150627 "one kind of cat litter and its manufacturing method", discloses a litter mixture comprises inorganic clay, silica, an organic binder and mineral combination, by combining the advantages of conventional litter base to produce a kind of light weight, strong clumping ability, easy handling, good deodorizing ability litter; however difficult in this kind of litter produced homogenized, mixed picture quality.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 针对上述现有技术的不足,本发明的目的在于提供了一种质轻、易结团的宠物用猫砂及其制备方法。 [0005] In view of the above deficiencies of the prior art, an object of the present invention to provide a lightweight, easy to agglomerate with pet litter their preparation.

[0006] 为了实现上述目的,本发明的技术方案如下:一种宠物用猫砂,其特征在于,所述猫砂按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂污泥50〜100份;纸浆I〜50份;粘结剂3〜15份;纸粉3〜10份和助剂O〜5份。 [0006] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is as follows: A pet litter, wherein said litter comprises in parts by weight the following components: paper mill sludge 50~100 parts; I Pulp ~ 50 parts; 3~15 parts of a binder; 3~10 parts by paper powder and additives O~5 parts.

[0007] 较佳地,所述纸衆中纸纤维长度1.5〜3.5mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5〜1.5mm。 [0007] Preferably, the fiber length of the paper sheet in all 1.5~3.5mm, the paper powder of paper fiber length 0.5~1.5mm.

[0008] 较佳地,按质量分数计,所述纸厂污泥的水分含量为20〜80%,所述纸浆的水分含量为50〜90%。 [0008] Preferably, the fraction by mass, the moisture content of the paper mill sludge is 20 to 80%, moisture content of the pulp is 50~90%.

[0009] 较佳地,所述纸粉的规格30〜100目。 [0009] Preferably, the paper powder of 30~100 mesh size.

[0010] 较佳地,所述粘结剂选自预糊化淀粉、淀粉、糊精、羧甲基纤维素钙或钠、泡花碱、硅溶胶、海藻酸钠或它们的混合物。 [0010] Preferably, the binder is selected from pregelatinized starch, starch, dextrin, or sodium carboxymethyl cellulose calcium, sodium silicate, silica sol, sodium alginate or mixtures thereof.

[0011] 较佳地,所述助剂包括防腐剂、吸水剂、颜料和香料。 [0011] Preferably, the adjuvants include preservatives, water-absorbing agents, pigments and perfumes.

[0012] 较佳地,所述颜料为钛白粉。 [0012] Preferably, the pigment is titanium dioxide.

[0013] 一种宠物用猫砂的制备方法,所述方法包括以下步骤: [0013] A method, a method of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0014] A.混料,将配方量的纸厂污泥、纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,加入部分粘结齐ϋ、助剂,混合均匀后得混合基料,将余下的粘结剂和助剂与纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料; [0014] A. mixing, the formula amount of paper mill sludge, pulp after mixing into the blender stir, add part bonded together ϋ, additives, uniformly mixed to obtain a mixed base, the remaining bond and auxiliaries to obtain a coating paper powder kneading the mixture;

[0015] B.干燥,将混合基料在100〜150°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量4%〜8% ; [0015] B. drying the mixture of base at 100~150 ° C was dried, dried to a moisture content of 4% ~ 8%;

[0016] C.造粒,将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0016] C. granulating the dried mixture into the base material has set various parameters of the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0017] D.包衣,将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0017] D. coating the substrate into the litter rotational vibration shaker rotating at high speed, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, the coating mix so coated cat sand substrate surface, to give First litter products;

[0018] E.烘干,将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0018] E. drying, processing of forming cat litter products screened drying First, the screen surface of the powder to litter, to packaging and storage.

[0019] 该种配方制备的宠物用猫砂,其主要原料来自纸厂污泥,主要为纸厂碱回收白泥和生物污泥,纸厂碱回收白泥来源于碱回收车间白泥回收工段,是苛化反应的产物,主要产生于利用纸浆造纸的造纸厂,其中含有大量的纸纤维,其沉淀主要为碳酸钙;生物污泥是造纸废水处理过程中产生的沉淀物质,其组成成分包括细小纤维、木质素及其衍生物和一些有机物质。 [0019] The kind of pet litter from a formulation, which is the main raw materials from paper mill sludge, mill mainly Recovery biological sludge and lime mud, lime mud from the mill chemical recovery recovery plant recovery section Nai , is the product of the causticizing reaction, mainly arising from the use of pulp and paper mills, which contains a large amount of paper fibers, which mainly precipitated calcium carbonate; biological sludge is precipitated material produced during papermaking wastewater treatment, which composition comprises fines, lignins and derivatives, and some organic materials. 纸厂污泥的主要成分为膨润土、粘土和吸水剂(为后期加工时加入),其中含有大量的纸纤维;使用纸厂污泥,降低了产品原料成本,同时对纸厂污泥重新回收利用,更经济环保,并且相比于现有技术中的膨润土、粘土等,纸厂污泥质轻,且吸水性良好,使用在猫砂中减轻了猫砂比重,使猫砂具有较强的吸附能力;由于该猫砂中主要成分为木质纤维,可以直接焚烧或冲入下水道, 易于处理。 The main component of paper mill sludge as bentonite, clay, and water-absorbing agent (when added post-processing), which contains a large amount of paper fibers; paper mill sludge used, reducing the cost of raw materials, while re-mill sludge recycling , more economical and environmentally friendly, as compared to the prior art, bentonite, clay, lightweight paper mill sludge, and good water-absorbing, used to reduce the proportion of litter in the litter in the litter has a strong adsorption capacity; litter Since the main components of wood fibers, or can be burned directly into the sewer, easy to handle.

[0020] 选用30〜100目的纸粉,是因为纸粉在目数过大时,与粘结剂混合后包覆在猫砂基料表面会产生纤维棉花状情况,在基料表面粘结状况比较差;当纸粉目数太小时,纸粉包衣外观较差,影响观感;而采用该种纸粉包覆在猫砂基料表面,猫砂在使用时不易溃散形成糊状或粉状,不会对人体和宠物造成伤害和污染环境,具有良好的结团能力,结团成块,清理方便。 [0020] The object selected 30~100 paper powder, paper dust because when the mesh is too large, the binder is mixed with the litter covering the base material surface will produce cotton-like fiber, the surface of the adhesive base material in condition poor; when the number of small paper dust, paper powder coating appearance poor impact perception; the use of this kind of paper dust or powder to form a paste coated on base material surface litter, the litter is not easy to collapse in use will not cause harm to humans and pets and pollution of the environment, it has a good ability to agglomerate, agglomerate into blocks, easy to clean.

[0021] 选用钛白粉做颜料,一方面改善猫砂的颜色,另一方面因为钛白粉有一定的防腐效果,能减少防腐杀菌剂的使用。 [0021] The choice of titanium dioxide make the pigment, on the one hand to improve the color of the cat litter, since the titanium dioxide on the other hand has some preservative effect, can reduce the use of antiseptic.

[0022] 综上所述,通过该配方制备的猫砂比重轻、吸附能力强、结团效果好、易于处理、环保优良且成本低,该种猫砂的制备工艺流程连续、节省时间、在原料搅拌均化和造粒时工艺温和、易操作。 [0022] In summary, the proportion of the litter prepared by the formulation of light, strong adsorption capacity, good clumping effect, easy to handle, environmentally friendly and excellent in low cost, this type of cat litter is prepared in a continuous process, to save time, in stirring and homogenizing the raw material gentle granulation process, easy to operate.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0023] 下面对本发明的具体实施方式作进一步的详细说明。 [0023] The following specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.

[0024] 实施例1 [0024] Example 1

[0025] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥100份、纸浆30份、50目纸粉5份、羧甲基纤维素7份、钛白粉1.5份和香料1.5份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为80%,所述纸浆的水分含量为50% ;纸浆中纸纤维长度1.5mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5mm。 [0025] A pet litter, by comprising the following components in parts by weight: 100 parts of sludge recycling mill, 30 parts of pulp, paper powder 50 mesh 5 parts, 7 parts of carboxymethyl cellulose, 1.5 parts of titanium dioxide and 1.5 parts perfume; wherein the water content of the mass fraction of 80% of paper mill sludge, moisture content of the pulp was 50%; paper pulp fiber length 1.5mm, the paper powder of paper fiber length 0.5 mm. [0026] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0026] The preparation method of the kind of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0027] A.混料,将配方量的纸厂污泥和纸浆放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,再向其中添加6份的羧甲基纤维素、I份的钛白粉和I份的香料后混匀得混合基料,将剩余的粘结剂和助剂与5份的纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料; [0027] A. mixing, the formula amount of pulp mill sludge and stir into the blender, and thereto was added 6 parts of carboxymethyl cellulose, the parts I and I parts of titanium dioxide mixed spices uniformly mixed to obtain the base material, the remaining binder and 5 parts of adjuvants and the mixture was stirred to obtain a coating paper powder mixture;

[0028] B.干燥,将混合基料在100°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量4% ; [0028] B. drying the mixture of base conditions at 100 ° C for drying, dried to a moisture content of 4%;

[0029] C.造粒,将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0029] C. granulating the dried mixture into the base material has set various parameters of the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0030] D.包衣,将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0030] D. coating the substrate into the litter rotational vibration shaker rotating at high speed, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, the coating mix so coated cat sand substrate surface, to give First litter products;

[0031] E.烘干,将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0031] E. drying, processing of forming cat litter products screened drying First, the screen surface of the powder to litter, to packaging and storage.

[0032] 实施例2 [0032] Example 2

[0033] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥70份、纸浆30份、羧甲基纤维素5份、预糊化淀粉2.5份、30目纸粉3份、钛白粉I份和香料1.5份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为40%,所述纸浆的水分含量为70% ;所述纸浆中纸纤维长度3mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5mm。 [0033] A pet litter, in parts by weight comprises the following components: 70 parts of sludge recycling mill, pulp 30 parts, 5 parts of carboxymethyl cellulose, 2.5 parts of pregelatinized starch, paper powder 30 mesh 3 parts of titanium dioxide, 1.5 parts of perfume and parts I; wherein the water content of the mass fraction mill sludge was 40%, moisture content of the pulp was 70%; fiber length of the pulp sheet 3mm, the said paper powder paper fiber length 0.5mm.

[0034] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0034] A method of the kind of pet litter, comprising the steps of:

[0035] 混料:将配方量的纸厂污泥和纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,再向其中添加羧甲基纤维素5份、预糊化淀粉2份、香料1.3份和钛白粉I份混匀得混合基料,将预糊化淀粉0.5份、香料0.2份和纸粉3份混合搅拌得包衣混合料; [0035] The blend of: mixing pulp paper mill sludge and the amount of the formulation into the blender stir, to which was added 5 parts of carboxymethylcellulose, 2 parts of pregelatinized starch, 1.3 parts of perfume and titanium dioxide I have parts of mixing the mixture of base, the pregelatinized starch 0.5 parts perfume and 0.2 parts of 3 parts of paper powder are mixed and stirred to obtain a coating mixture;

[0036] 干燥:将混合基料在150°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量6% ; [0036] sulfate: the mixing of base at 150 ° C under drying conditions, dried to a moisture content of 6%;

[0037] 造粒:将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0037] Granulation: The dried base mix has set various parameters into the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0038] 包衣:将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0038] Coating: The cat litter substrate placed in a rotary shaker rotating at high speed vibration, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate litter surface, resulting litters beginning products;

[0039] 烘干:将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0039] Drying: The tooled First litter products screened drying sieve powder to the surface of the litter, to packaging and storage.

[0040] 实施例3 [0040] Example 3

[0041] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥50份、纸浆50份、预糊化淀粉2份、糊精I份、50目纸粉4份、钛白粉0.3份和除臭剂I份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为20%,所述纸浆的水分含量为50% ;所述纸浆中纸纤维长度2mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度1.5_。 [0041] A pet litter, in parts by weight comprises the following components: 50 parts of sludge recycling mill, 50 parts of pulp, 2 parts of pregelatinized starch, dextrin parts of I, 4 parts of 50 mesh paper powder, 0.3 parts of titanium dioxide and deodorants parts I; wherein the water content of the mass fraction is 20% mill sludge, moisture content of the pulp was 50%; the pulp fiber of the paper length 2mm, the paper powder paper fiber length 1.5_.

[0042] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0042] The preparation method of the kind of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0043] 混料:将配方量的纸厂污泥、纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,再向其中添加粘结剂2份和助剂I份得混合基料,将余下的粘结剂、助剂和配方量的纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料;` [0043] Mixture: The formula amount of paper mill sludge, pulp after mixing into the blender stir, 2 parts of a binder added thereto and the obtained mixture AID I parts of the base material, the remaining binder , the amount of formulation auxiliaries and paper powder were mixed and stirred to obtain a coating mixture; '

[0044] 干燥:将混合基料在150°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量8% ; [0044] sulfate: the mixing of base at 150 ° C under drying conditions, dried to a moisture content of 8%;

[0045] 造粒:将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0045] Granulation: The dried base mix has set various parameters into the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0046] 包衣:将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品;[0047] 烘干:将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0046] Coating: The cat litter substrate placed in a rotary shaker rotating at high speed vibration, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate litter surface, resulting First litter products; [0047] drying: the tooled First litter products screened drying sieve powder to the surface of the litter, to packaging and storage.

[0048] 实施例4 [0048] Example 4

[0049] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥70份、纸浆20份、泡花碱7份、50目纸粉4.6份、钛白粉1.2份、防腐剂0.8份和除臭剂0.2份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为60%,所述纸浆中的水分含量为50% ;所述纸浆中纸纤维长度3mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5_。 [0049] A pet litter, in parts by weight comprises the following components: 70 parts of sludge recycling mill, pulp 20 parts, 7 parts of sodium silicate, 4.6 parts of 50 mesh paper powder, 1.2 parts of titanium dioxide, preservative agent and 0.8 parts deodorant 0.2 parts; wherein the water content of the mass fraction of 60% of paper mill sludge, moisture content of the pulp was 50%; fiber length of the pulp sheet 3mm, the paper powder paper fiber length 0.5_.

[0050] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0050] The preparation method of the kind of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0051] 混料:将配方量的纸厂污泥、纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,再向其中添加泡花碱6份、钛白粉I份、防腐剂0.7份和除臭剂0.2份,后混匀得混合基料,将剩余的粘结剂和助剂与纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料; [0051] Mixture: The formula amount of paper mill sludge, pulp after mixing into the blender stir, to which was added 6 parts of sodium silicate, I parts of titanium dioxide, 0.2 parts preservative and 0.7 parts deodorant after mixing with mixed base, a binder and additives and paper powder remaining mixture with stirring to obtain a coating mixture;

[0052] 干燥:将混合基料在120°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量4% ; [0052] sulfate: the mixing of base conditions at 120 ° C for drying, dried to a moisture content of 4%;

[0053] 造粒:将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0053] Granulation: The dried base mix has set various parameters into the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0054] 包衣:将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0054] Coating: The cat litter substrate placed in a rotary shaker rotating at high speed vibration, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate litter surface, resulting litters beginning products;

[0055] 烘干:将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0055] Drying: The tooled First litter products screened drying sieve powder to the surface of the litter, to packaging and storage.

[0056] 实施例5 [0056] Example 5

[0057] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥100份、泡花碱7份、硅溶胶8份、50目纸粉4.6 份、钛白粉1.2份、防腐剂0.8份和香料I份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为60%,所述纸浆中纸纤维长度3.5_,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度1_。 [0057] A pet litter, by comprising the following components in parts by weight: 100 parts of recovered paper mill sludge, 7 parts of sodium silicate, 8 parts silica, 4.6 parts of 50 mesh paper powder, 1.2 parts of titanium dioxide, 0.8 parts of perfume and preservatives parts I; wherein the mass fraction of the water content of the paper mill sludge 60%, in the pulp fiber length 3.5_ paper, the paper powder of paper fiber length 1_.

[0058] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0058] The preparation method of the kind of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0059] 混料:将配方量的纸厂污泥、泡花碱7份、硅溶胶7份、钛白粉I份、防腐剂0.7份和香料0.2份混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀后得混合基料,将剩余的粘结剂和助剂与纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料; [0059] Mixture: The formula amount of mill sludge, 7 parts of sodium silicate, 7 parts of silica, titanium dioxide, parts I, 0.7 parts of a preservative into the mixer after 0.2 parts of perfume and uniformly mixed to obtain a mixed stirring binder, the binder aid the paper powder and the remaining mixture with stirring to obtain a coating mixture;

[0060] 干燥:将混合基料在120°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量8% ; [0060] sulfate: the mixing of base conditions at 120 ° C for drying, dried to a moisture content of 8%;

[0061] 造粒:将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0061] Granulation: The dried base mix has set various parameters into the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0062] 包衣:将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0062] Coating: The cat litter substrate placed in a rotary shaker rotating at high speed vibration, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate litter surface, resulting litters beginning products;

[0063] 烘干:将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0063] Drying: The tooled First litter products screened drying sieve powder to the surface of the litter, to packaging and storage.

[0064] 实施例6 [0064] Example 6

[0065] 一种宠物用猫砂,按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂回收污泥70份、纸浆50份、泡花碱7份、糊精2份、50目纸粉4.6份、吸水剂4份和防腐剂I份;其中按质量分数计所述纸厂污泥的含水量为60%,所述纸浆中的水分含量为70% ;所述纸浆中纸纤维长度3_,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5_。 [0065] A pet litter, in parts by weight comprises the following components: 70 parts of sludge recycling mill, 50 parts of pulp, 7 parts of sodium silicate, 2 parts of dextrin, 4.6 parts of 50 mesh paper powder, water 4 parts of a preservative agent and I parts; wherein the water content of the mass fraction of 60% of paper mill sludge, moisture content of the pulp was 70%; the length of paper fibers in the pulp 3_, the paper powder paper fiber length 0.5_.

[0066] 该种宠物猫砂的制备方法,包括以下步骤: [0066] The preparation method of the kind of pet litter comprising the steps of:

[0067] 混料:将配方量的纸厂污泥、纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,再向其中添加泡花碱6份、糊精I份、防腐剂0.7份和吸水剂3.5份,后混匀得混合基料,将剩余的粘结剂和助剂与纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料;[0068] 干燥:将混合基料在120°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量7% ; [0067] Mixture: The formula amount of paper mill sludge, pulp after mixing into the blender stir, to which was added 6 parts of sodium silicate, dextrin parts I, 0.7 parts preservative and 3.5 parts of water-absorbing agent, mixture obtained after mixing the base material, the remaining binder and kneading additives with the paper powder to obtain a coating mixture; [0068] sulfate: mixing the base material at 120 ° C for drying conditions, dried to a moisture content 7%;

[0069] 造粒:将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; [0069] Granulation: The dried base mix has set various parameters into the granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications;

[0070] 包衣:将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; [0070] Coating: The cat litter substrate placed in a rotary shaker rotating at high speed vibration, so that water vapor within the matrix attached to the surface of the substrate projecting, followed by addition of the coating mix, so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate litter surface, resulting litters beginning products;

[0071] 烘干:将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 [0071] Drying: The tooled First litter products screened drying sieve powder to the surface of the litter, to packaging and storage.

[0072] 上述实施例,只是本发明的较佳实施例,并非用来限制本发明实施范围,故凡以本发明权利要求所述的构造、特征及原理所做的等效变化或修饰,均应包括在本发明权利要求范围之内。 [0072] The above-described embodiment, only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, where it is configured to, features and principles of the present invention as claimed in claim equivalent changes or modifications made are It is included within the scope of the invention as claimed.

[0073] 最终制作的猫砂性能和产品规格如下。 [0073] The final production of cat litter performance and product specifications are as follows.

[0074] 产品外观:产品为白色或灰白色,无杂质,在未添加香精香料时无味,添加后有香味。 [0074] Appearance: white or off-white product, free of impurities, odorless when not adding flavors and fragrances, flavor after the addition.

[0075] 产品堆积密度测试:将实施例制作的猫砂填满IOOmL的量杯后(以平口满,未压实为基准)称重所得,本发明制作的猫砂堆积密度为0.25〜0.3t/m3。 [0075] Product bulk density test: After the litter prepared in Example filled cup IOOmL embodiment (in a full flat, uncompacted basis) obtained weighed, the bulk density of the litter of the present invention is produced 0.25~0.3t / m3.

[0076] 产品结团能力测试 [0076] The ability of the test product clumping

[0077] 将实施例制作的猫砂填满500mL的量杯后(以平口满,未压实为基准),把2%浓度的食盐水30mL在7〜8秒内匀速倒入量杯内: After the litter [0077] The embodiment of Example prepared 500mL beaker filled (in a full flat, uncompacted basis), the concentration of 2% in saline 30mL 7~8 seconds uniform poured into cup:

[0078] 1.50秒后测量结团后猫砂堆块的高度和直径,高度60〜90mm,直径45〜60mm ; After [0078] The height and diameter of 1.50 seconds after the measurement clumping cat litter stacks height 60~90mm, diameter 45~60mm;

[0079] 2.60秒后在猫砂堆块上放一个150g板块,持续60秒后测量猫砂堆块的高度,高度> 30mm ; After [0079] 2.60 seconds stacks placed on a litter section 150g, after 60 seconds of measuring the height of the stacks litter, height> 30mm;

[0080] 3.把猫砂堆块由500mm高处自由落下,堆块不溃散。 [0080] 3. The stacks to fall freely from the litter 500mm height, stacks without collapsing.

Claims (8)

  1. 1.一种宠物用猫砂,其特征在于,所述猫砂按重量份计包括以下组分:纸厂污泥 SO-100#纸浆 0~50份粘结剂 3 ~ 15份纸粉 3 ~ IO份助剂 O ~ 5份。 CLAIMS 1. A pet litter, wherein said litter comprises in parts by weight the following components: SO-100 # paper mill sludge pulp 0 to 50 parts binder to 15 parts by paper powder 3 3 ~ IO O ~ 5 parts by auxiliary parts.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述纸厂污泥的水分含量为20〜80%,所述纸浆的水分含量为50〜90%。 2. The pet litter with claim 1, characterized in that: the paper mill sludge moisture content of 20 to 80%, moisture content of the pulp is 50~90%.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述纸浆中纸纤维长度1.5〜3.5mm,所述纸粉中纸纤维长度0.5〜1.5mm。 3. The pet litter of claim 1, wherein: said paper pulp fiber length 1.5~3.5mm, the paper powder of paper fiber length 0.5~1.5mm.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述纸粉的规格30〜100目。 4. The pet litter of claim 1, wherein: said paper dust 30~100 mesh size.
  5. 5.根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述粘结剂选自预糊化淀粉、淀粉、糊精、羧甲基纤维素钙或钠、泡花碱、硅溶胶和海藻酸钠中的一种或几种。 5. The pet litter of claim 1, wherein: said binder is selected from pregelatinized starch, starch, dextrin, or sodium carboxymethyl cellulose calcium, sodium silicate, silica sol and one or more of sodium alginate.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述助剂包括防腐剂、吸水剂、颜料和香料中的一种或几种。 The pet litter according to claim 1, wherein: said adjuvant comprises one or more preservatives, water-absorbing agents, pigments, and perfumes.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的宠物用猫砂,其特征在于:所述颜料为钛白粉。 7. A pet litter according to claim 6, wherein: the pigment is titanium dioxide.
  8. 8.如权利要求1〜7任一项所述的宠物用猫砂的制备方法,其特征在于,所述方法包括以下步骤: A.混料,将配方量的纸厂污泥、纸浆混合后放入搅拌机中搅拌均匀,其后向其中加入部分粘结剂和助剂,混匀后得混合基料,将余下的粘结剂和助剂与纸粉混合搅拌得包衣混合料; B.干燥,将混合基料在100〜150°C条件下干燥,干燥至其中水分含量为4%〜8% ; C.造粒,将干燥后的混合基料放入已设定各种参数的造粒机,制作出所需规格的猫砂基体; D.包衣,将猫砂基体放入高速旋转振动机内旋转振动,使基体内的水汽伸出附着于基体表面,然后加入包衣混合料,使包衣混合料包覆在猫砂基体表面,得到猫砂初品; E.烘干,将加工成型的猫砂初品过筛烘干,筛去猫砂表面粉末,即可包装入库。 A. mixing, the formulation amount of the paper mill sludge, pulp mixed: 8. pets according to any one of claims 1~7 litter preparation method, wherein said method comprises the steps of stir into the blender, followed by part of the binder was added thereto and additives, the mixture of base to give after mixing, the remaining binder mixed with the adjuvants and the paper powder mixture was stirred to obtain a coating; B. dried, mixed in the base material was dried 100~150 ° C, dried to a moisture content of 4% ~8%; C. granulating the dried mixture into the base material is made to set various parameters granulator, to produce a litter base required specifications; D. coating the substrate into the litter shaker rotating at high speed rotational vibration, moisture within the base surface of the substrate attached to the projecting, the coating mix is ​​then added , so that the coating mix is ​​coated substrate surface litter, the litter First product obtained; E. drying, the molding process of drying First litter product sieved, the sieve surface of the powder to litter, to packaging and storage .
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CN105813455A (en) * 2013-12-10 2016-07-27 尤妮佳股份有限公司 Aromatic particles, and toilet sand for animals
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CN104082160B (en) * 2014-07-11 2016-01-27 山东理工大学 Soybean, pea and slag chemical modification method for preparing litters
CN104472373A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 High-fiber porous cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104472372A (en) * 2014-11-18 2015-04-01 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Fen-flavor cat litter and preparation method thereof
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CN104351065A (en) * 2014-11-25 2015-02-18 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Mineral adsorbing cat litter and preparation method thereof
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CN104396766B (en) * 2014-12-01 2016-08-17 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Aromatic ester type and preparation method litter embedded
CN104396766A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-11 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Embedded aromatic ester type cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104429988A (en) * 2014-12-01 2015-03-25 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Cat litter for thoroughly decomposing feces and preparing method thereof
CN104521770A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 芜湖倍思科创园有限公司 Modified straw charcoal mixed cat litter with added silver iodide, and preparation method thereof
CN104521782A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Lightweight mixed cat litter with fresh smell and preparation method thereof
CN104521783A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 芜湖悠派卫生用品有限公司 Pet cat litter with good antibacterial effect, and preparation method thereof
CN104521775A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-22 繁昌县奥科包装有限公司 Coated environment-friendly cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN104488732A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-08 繁昌县奥科包装有限公司 Seaweed-coated cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN106365595A (en) * 2016-08-25 2017-02-01 芜湖悠派护理用品科技股份有限公司 Bio-sludge ceramsite cat litter and preparation method thereof
CN106172034A (en) * 2016-08-29 2016-12-07 烟台中宠食品股份有限公司 Faint scent-type cat litter added with camellia japonica and processing technology of faint scent-type cat litter

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