CN103141207B - Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks - Google Patents

Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103141207B
CN103141207B CN201310111876.9A CN201310111876A CN103141207B CN 103141207 B CN103141207 B CN 103141207B CN 201310111876 A CN201310111876 A CN 201310111876A CN 103141207 B CN103141207 B CN 103141207B
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liquid manure
pipeline
building block
pipe
block
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CN103141207A (en
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王禄德
吴刘丹
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王禄德
吴刘丹
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Abstract

The invention relates to a water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks, and belongs to the technical field of architectural structures. The system is characterized by comprising a water-fertilizer pipeline system, a building block system and a moisture-control system, wherein the building block system is supported by the water-fertilizer pipeline system, and the moisture-control system is connected with the water-fertilizer pipeline system. According to the system, a traditional agriculture planting mode is changed, and a planting matrix is formed by laying the gypsum blocks, so that the technical defect of environmental pollution caused by sand wind in the conventional agriculture planting is overcome; crops can be irrigated effectively by using the moisture-control system combining the water-fertilizer pipeline system, and a rail-mounted operation vehicle is arranged on a cross tie on the top of the block, so that the field management and planting can be carried out scientifically and normatively; the water-fertilizer pipeline is underground, so that the underground humidity and temperature are effectively ensured, and the influence by an external environment is avoided; and particularly under an extremely dry environment, scientific and effective irrigation can be achieved through the moisture-control system, the effect of moisture and temperature preservation is achieved, and a good growing space and environment can be provided for the crops.

Description

Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of gypsum block lay build up fields realize liquid manure automation control profit system, belong to building structure technology field.
Background technology
At present, along with modern society's soil space is by large-area exploitation, result in existing high-quality soil fewer and feweri, the agricultural kind of China is grown area and is reduced year by year, and the harm directly brought is exactly grain drop in production.
Although existing agricultural is planted to grow and added modern type farming equipment simultaneously, the basic growth conditions of crops still depends on natural environment, once meet with the bad weathers such as arid flood, an often nothing of working for a year of peasant received.
In sum, how to invent a kind of incomplete dependence natural weather, can ensure that when soil reduces year by year farmland kind is grown unaffected, ensure that agricultural foison is the first difficult problem that agriculture field faces simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to solve above-mentioned prior art Problems existing, provides a kind of and deploys to ensure effective monitoring and control of illegal activities rationally, heat and moisture preserving, control water control are fertile, anti-erosion, gypsum block that sand prevention stirs up a cloud of dust can form a kind of automated system engineering lays to build up fields and realize liquid manure automation control and moisten system.
Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, its special character is that comprising liquid manure pipe-line system, block system and control profit system three parts is formed jointly, described block system is by fertile pipe-line system supporting framework, and described control profit Systematical control is connected to liquid manure pipe-line system;
Described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises the lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 being layed in the dirt bed side by side and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 being layed in lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 top side by side, be communicated with water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3 between described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, described upper strata is communicated with spray profit pipe and moistens shower nozzle 1-4 with spray;
In order to strengthen overall stability, the described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 bottom be set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body 1-5, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, upper strata is connected with sleeper 1-6, both sides, described sleeper 1-6 top be respectively provided with by two equal angle irons weld formed from font supporter, describedly to be welded and fixed after position, center, the upper end placing steel tubes of font supporter, the described two-wheeled of Hang Gui Operation Van 1-8 coordinate with the periphery of described steel pipe thus can double track parallel;
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3, spray profit pipe moisten shower nozzle 1-4 and cross-brace body 1-5 and are interval and lay with spraying, and its spacing can be selected;
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 is less than the caliber of lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1, and described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 is connected with described control profit system by port;
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block 2-1 and both sides thereof between furrow, between described furrow, building block 2-1 and ridge building block are all in rectangular structure, between described furrow, building block 2-1 to be set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 with lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 and to be in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that between described furrow, building block 2-1 coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline 1-1 have the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in liquid manure pipeline 1-2 periphery, upper strata and is positioned at the upper outside of building block 2-1 between furrow, and the building block of described ridge contacts cooperation place with upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 and is provided with the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is made up of jointly the first half ridge building block 2-2a encircled in crop piping 2-3 periphery and the second half ridge building block 2-2b, and described crop piping 2-3 is inserted in earth, and it is inner plants the crop growing and depend on bottom earth growth;
Produce to make full use of resource and realizing maximizing, described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow 2-4 to lower recess, and its inner silt of filling can be used for kind of the crop growing other suitable growth;
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, and between described furrow, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block 2-1 offer the deep-slotted chip breaker inwardly offered equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle the outline in upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2;
Described the first half ridge building block 2-2a and the second half ridge building block 2-2b offer semicircular arc groove respectively to interior, and the two mates simultaneously and encircles the outline in crop piping 2-3;
The main flow container 3-2 that described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and is communicated with it, described main flow container 3-2 is separated to form miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b by internal insulation plate 3-3, one end access of described main flow container 3-2 runs through the inner water inlet pipe 3-4 also passing division board 3-3 and be communicated with work chamber 3-2b of miscible cabin 3-2a, the other end of described main flow container 3-2 is connected with the lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline 3-5 and the 5th magnetic valve 4-5
The water inlet pipe 3-4 of described main flow container 3-2 outside is communicated with work chamber 3-2b with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, miscible cabin 3-2a respectively, described water inlet pipe 3-4 controls to be communicated with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 by the first hydraulic pipeline 5-1, the first magnetic valve 4-1, described water inlet pipe 3-4 controls to be communicated with miscible cabin 3-2a, described water inlet pipe 3-4 by the second hydraulic pipeline 5-2, the second magnetic valve 4-2 and controls to be communicated with work chamber 3-2b by counter-flushing pipeline 5-4, backwash magnetic valve 4-4; Described fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline 5-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3 the miscible cabin 3-2a being communicated with main flow container 3-2;
In described work chamber 3-2b, the screen pack 3-6 with filter core established by the water outlet mouth mask of water inlet pipe 3-4, being provided with the blowoff valve 3-7 for opening sewage draining exit bottom described work chamber 3-2b, being provided with the 4th magnetic valve 3-8 of two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b;
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner electricly connected with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer 6-1 with power supply 6-2 and moisture probe 6-3, moisture probe 6-3 is installed on crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, power supply 6-2 is used for powering to humidometer 6-1, described humidometer 6-1 is electrically connected with electric controller 6-4, and described electric controller 6-4 respectively line controls the magnetic valve of control profit system; When described humidometer 6-1 lower than or when exceeding the humidity index scope of setting, electric controller 6-4 obtains solenoid valves or the power-off that signal drives instruction control profit system, thus realizes automatically controlling control profit system.
Gypsum block of the present invention is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, overturn traditional agricultural kind and grow pattern, utilize gypsum block to lay and form plantation matrix, the dust storm solving present agricultural planting existence disorderly raises the important technical deficiency being unfavorable for environmental protection, be equipped with control profit system effectively to irrigate crop in conjunction with liquid manure pipe-line system simultaneously, and between furrow block tops sleeper on devise Hang Gui Operation Van, thus more scientific and normal carry out field management and plantation, the liquid manure pipeline of design is in underground, therefore the humidity and temperature of underground can effectively be ensured, not by the impact of external environment, particularly under extremely dry environment, also effectively can be irrigated it by control profit systematic science, the effect of heat and moisture preserving can be reached again simultaneously, the growing space better to crops and environment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: liquid manure pipe-line system of the present invention and block system structural representation;
Fig. 2: control profit system architecture schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 3: humidity conditioner structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Referring to accompanying drawing 1-3, provide the embodiment in sky of the present invention, be used for being described further sky of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
Gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, comprises and being jointly made up of in the control profit system three parts of liquid manure pipe-line system the block system of liquid manure pipe-line system supporting framework and control connection;
Described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises the lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 being layed in the dirt bed side by side and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 being layed in lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 top side by side, water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3 is communicated with between described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 and upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, described upper strata is communicated with spray profit pipe and moistens shower nozzle 1-4 with spray, realizes irrigating in using by moistening system with the control of liquid manure pipeline connection;
In order to strengthen overall stability, the described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 bottom be set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body 1-5, liquid manure pipeline 1-2 top, upper strata is connected with sleeper 1-6, both sides, described sleeper 1-6 top be respectively provided with by two equal angle irons weld formed from font supporter, describedly to be welded and fixed after position, center, the upper end placing steel tubes of font supporter, the described two-wheeled of Hang Gui Operation Van 1-8 coordinate with the periphery of described steel pipe thus can double track parallel, in daily agricultural management process, back and forth can be run by Hang Gui Operation Van thus realize field operation.
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe 1-3, spray profit pipe moisten shower nozzle 1-4 and cross-brace body 1-5 and are interval and lay with spraying, and its spacing can be selected voluntarily as required or adjust;
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 is less than the caliber of lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1, and described lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 is connected with described control profit system by port and pipeline;
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block 2-1 and both sides thereof between furrow, between described furrow, building block 2-1 and ridge building block are all in rectangular structure, between described furrow, building block 2-1 to be set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 with lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 and to be in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that between described furrow, building block 2-1 coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline 1-1 have the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in liquid manure pipeline 1-2 periphery, upper strata and is positioned at the upper outside of building block 2-1 between furrow, and the building block of described ridge contacts cooperation place with upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2 and is provided with the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is made up of jointly the first half ridge building block 2-2a encircled in crop piping 2-3 periphery and the second half ridge building block 2-2b, described crop piping 2-3 is inserted in earth, its inner kind grows the crop depending on bottom earth growth, and the caliber of described crop piping 2-3 should coordinate the growth needs of concrete crop to design;
Produce to make full use of resource and realizing maximizing, described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow 2-4 to lower recess, and its inner silt of filling can be used for kind of the crop growing other suitable growth;
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, and between described furrow, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block 2-1 offer the deep-slotted chip breaker inwardly offered equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle the outline in upper strata liquid manure pipeline 1-2;
Described the first half ridge building block 2-2a and the second half ridge building block 2-2b offer semicircular arc groove respectively to interior, and the two mates simultaneously and encircles the outline in crop piping 2-3;
The main flow container 3-2 that described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and is communicated with it, described main flow container 3-2 is separated to form miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b by internal insulation plate 3-3, one end access of described main flow container 3-2 runs through the inner water inlet pipe 3-4 also passing division board 3-3 and be communicated with work chamber 3-2b of miscible cabin 3-2a, the other end of described main flow container 3-2 is connected with the lower floor liquid manure pipeline 1-1 of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline 3-5 and the 5th magnetic valve 4-5
The water inlet pipe 3-4 of described main flow container 3-2 outside respectively with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, miscible cabin 3-2a is communicated with work chamber 3-2b, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by the first hydraulic pipeline 5-1, first magnetic valve 4-1 controls to be communicated with fertilizer spreading tank 3-1, supplied water to fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 by water inlet pipe 3-4 thus dilution mixture is carried out to the fertilizer in its tank, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by the second hydraulic pipeline 5-2, second magnetic valve 4-2 controls to be communicated with miscible cabin 3-2a, thus ensure that the clear water in water inlet pipe 3-4 directly feeds in miscible cabin 3-2a, described water inlet pipe 3-4 is by counter-flushing pipeline 5-4, backwash magnetic valve 4-4 controls to be communicated with work chamber 3-2b, control profit system is made to have the function of backwash, described fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline 5-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3 the miscible cabin 3-2a being communicated with main flow container 3-2, thus the liquid fertilizer in fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 is delivered in miscible cabin 3-2a, when finding that the liquid fertilizer concentration sent in miscible cabin 3-2a needs adjustment, second hydraulic pipeline 5-2 and the second magnetic valve 4-2 that can open water inlet pipe 3-4 carry out thin up, if but wanted the concentration increasing fertilizer, then again could be adjusted by fertilizer spreading tank 3-1 and the 3rd infusion pipeline 4-3, the 3rd magnetic valve 4-3,
The screen pack 3-6 with filter core established by the water outlet mouth mask that described water inlet pipe 3-4 is positioned at work chamber 3-2b, this screen pack can by impurity filtering, the sewage draining exit controlled by blowoff valve 3-7 is offered bottom described work chamber 3-2b, when impurity pours bottom work chamber by opened filter screen, by this sewage draining exit, impurity punching is removed out of my cabin, be provided with the 4th magnetic valve 3-8 of two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin 3-2a and work chamber 3-2b;
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner electricly connected with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer 6-1 with power supply 6-2 and moisture probe 6-3, moisture probe 6-3 is installed on crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, power supply 6-2 is used for powering to humidometer 6-1, described humidometer 6-1 is electrically connected with electric controller 6-4, and described electric controller 6-4 respectively line controls the magnetic valve of control profit system; When described humidometer 6-1 lower than or when exceeding the humidity index scope of setting, electric controller 6-4 obtains solenoid valves or the power-off that signal drives instruction control profit system, thus realizes automatically controlling control profit system.
The present invention has overturned traditional agricultural kind and has grown pattern, utilize gypsum block to lay and form plantation matrix, the dust storm solving present agricultural planting existence disorderly raises the important technical deficiency being unfavorable for environmental protection, be equipped with control profit system effectively to irrigate crop in conjunction with liquid manure pipe-line system simultaneously, and between furrow block tops sleeper on devise Hang Gui Operation Van, thus more scientific and normal carry out field management and plantation, the liquid manure pipeline of design is in underground, therefore the humidity and temperature of underground can effectively be ensured, not by the impact of external environment, particularly under extremely dry environment, also effectively can be irrigated it by control profit systematic science, the effect of heat and moisture preserving can be reached again simultaneously, the growing space better to crops and environment.

Claims (8)

1. gypsum block is laid to build up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system, it is characterized in that comprising liquid manure pipe-line system, block system and control profit system three parts is formed jointly, described block system is by liquid manure pipe-line system supporting framework, and described control profit Systematical control is connected to liquid manure pipe-line system;
Described liquid manure pipe-line system comprises lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) being layed in dirt bed side by side and upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) being layed in lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) top side by side, be communicated with water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe (1-3) between described lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) and upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2), liquid manure pipeline (1-2) top, described upper strata is communicated with spray profit pipe and moistens shower nozzle (1-4) with spray;
Described block system comprises the ridge building block of building block between furrow (2-1) and both sides thereof, building block between described furrow (2-1) and ridge building block are all in rectangular structure, building block between described furrow (2-1) to be set up between upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) with lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) and to be in contact with it and coordinates, and four edges and corners that building block between described furrow (2-1) coordinates with upper and lower layer liquid manure pipeline have the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is set up in liquid manure pipeline (1-2) periphery, upper strata and is positioned at the upper outside of building block between furrow (2-1), and the building block of described ridge contacts cooperation place with upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) and is provided with the Internal periphery encircled and be matched with pipeline outline; The building block of described ridge is made up of jointly the first half ridge building blocks (2-2a) of encircling in crop piping (2-3) periphery and the second half ridge building blocks (2-2b), and described crop piping (2-3) is inserted in earth, and it is inner plants the crop growing and depend on bottom earth growth.
2. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that
The main flow container (3-2) that described control profit system comprises fertilizer spreading tank (3-1) and is communicated with it, described main flow container (3-2) is separated to form miscible cabin (3-2a) and work chamber (3-2b) by internal insulation plate (3-3), one end access of described main flow container (3-2) runs through the inner water inlet pipe (3-4) also passing division board (3-3) and be communicated with work chamber (3-2b) in miscible cabin (3-2a), the other end of described main flow container (3-2) is connected with lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) of liquid manure pipe-line system by liquid manure export pipeline (3-5) and the 5th magnetic valve (4-5),
The water inlet pipe (3-4) that described main flow container (3-2) is outside is communicated with work chamber (3-2b) with fertilizer spreading tank (3-1), miscible cabin (3-2a) respectively, described water inlet pipe (3-4) controls to be communicated with fertilizer spreading tank (3-1) by the first hydraulic pipeline (5-1), the first magnetic valve (4-1), described water inlet pipe (3-4) controls to be communicated with miscible cabin (3-2a) by the second hydraulic pipeline (5-2), the second magnetic valve (4-2), and described water inlet pipe (3-4) controls to be communicated with work chamber (3-2b) by counter-flushing pipeline (5-4), backwash magnetic valve (4-4); Described fertilizer spreading tank (3-1) controls by the 3rd infusion pipeline (5-3), the 3rd magnetic valve (4-3) the miscible cabin (3-2a) being communicated with main flow container (3-2).
3. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that
Described lower floor liquid manure pipeline (1-1) bottom be set up in parallel is provided with cross-brace body (1-5), upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) top is connected with sleeper (1-6), described sleeper (1-6) both sides, top be respectively provided with by two equal angle irons weld formed from font supporter, describedly to be welded and fixed after position, center, the upper end placing steel tubes of font supporter, the two-wheeled of Hang Gui Operation Van (1-8) coordinate with the periphery of described steel pipe thus can double track parallel;
Described water conservancy diversion longitudinal pipe (1-3), spray profit pipe and spraying moistens shower nozzle (1-4) and cross-brace body (1-5) and is interval and lays.
4. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that
The caliber of described upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2) is less than the caliber of lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1), and described lower floor's liquid manure pipeline (1-1) is connected with described control profit system by port.
5. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that
Described ridge building block end face offers the recessed furrow (2-4) to lower recess.
6. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that
The edges and corners of the two bottom sides of described ridge building block inwardly offer deep-slotted chip breaker, the edges and corners of the both sides, top of building block between described furrow (2-1) offer the deep-slotted chip breaker inwardly offered equally, and described two deep-slotted chip breakers mate simultaneously and encircle the outline in upper strata liquid manure pipeline (1-2).
7. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that
Described control profit system is controlled by the humidity conditioner electricly connected with it, described humidity conditioner comprises the humidometer (6-1) with power supply (6-2) and moisture probe (6-3), moisture probe (6-3) is installed on crop field in order to monitor real-time humidity index, described humidometer (6-1) is electrically connected with electric controller (6-4), and described electric controller (6-4) respectively line controls the magnetic valve of control profit system.
8. gypsum block laying is built up fields and is realized liquid manure automation control profit system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that
The screen pack (3-6) with filter core established by the water outlet mouth mask of described work chamber (3-2b) interior water inlet pipe (3-4), described work chamber (3-2b) bottom is provided with the blowoff valve (3-7) for opening sewage draining exit, is provided with the 4th magnetic valve (3-8) of two cabin conductings between described miscible cabin (3-2a) and work chamber (3-2b).
CN201310111876.9A 2013-04-02 2013-04-02 Water-fertilizer automatic moisture-control system for making garden by laying gypsum blocks Expired - Fee Related CN103141207B (en)

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CN105309101A (en) * 2014-07-01 2016-02-10 蒋寿悟 Method of preparing plant moisturizing and fertilizer-retaining granular with waste attapulgite
CN105165219B (en) * 2015-07-14 2017-03-01 昆明理工大学 A kind of rich water integrally lower leaf irrigation system

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