CN103138289A - Real-time digital simulation modeling method of high permeability wind power plant - Google Patents

Real-time digital simulation modeling method of high permeability wind power plant Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103138289A
CN103138289A CN2012104444017A CN201210444401A CN103138289A CN 103138289 A CN103138289 A CN 103138289A CN 2012104444017 A CN2012104444017 A CN 2012104444017A CN 201210444401 A CN201210444401 A CN 201210444401A CN 103138289 A CN103138289 A CN 103138289A
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China
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wind
circuit
voltage
rotor
converter
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CN2012104444017A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103138289B (en
Inventor
杨国生
董明会
赵可
周泽昕
周春霞
杜丁香
李仲青
詹智华
项灿芳
魏磊
姜宁
高媛媛
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中国电力科学研究院
西北电网有限公司
国家电网公司
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Priority to CN201210444401.7A priority Critical patent/CN103138289B/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects

Abstract

The invention provides a real-time digital simulation modeling method of a high permeability wind power plant. The wind power plant comprises at least two wind power machine groups, wherein each wind power machine group comprises a wind speed model (1), a wind driven generator (2), a grid-side converter (3), a rotor side converter (4), a converter control circuit (5), a rotor protective circuit (6), a rotor circuit starting circuit (7), a failure period control circuit (8), a crowbar circuit (10), a stator disconnector (11), and a connector converter (12). One end of the failure period control circuit (8) is connected with a feeder line voltage, the other end of the failure period control circuit (8) is connected with the converter control circuit (5) and the crowbar circuit (10), and therefore the feeder line voltage inside the wind power machine groups is measured, and operation in the failure period of the wind power machine groups is controlled. The real-time digital simulation modeling method of the high permeability wind power plant is capable of studying the problems of the influence of the wind power plant on system power grid stability in a stable state, the interactive influence among different machine groups, the influence on system protection in the failure period, and the like.

Description

A kind of method of real-timedigital simulation modeling of high permeability wind energy turbine set
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of wind power generation, be specifically related to a kind of method of real-timedigital simulation modeling of high permeability wind energy turbine set.
Background technology
Wind power generation is fast-developing in recent years, and along with the continuous expansion of wind power generation installed capacity, wind generator system is also increasing on the impact of electrical network, so this novel energy of research wind power generation just seems very necessary to the impact of electric power system.Simulation study in the enterprising sector-style power generating of simulation software is a kind of low cost and highly effective means.How to simulate better the truth of large-scale wind power field on emulation tool, such as influence each other between a group of planes, wind speed and low voltage crossing characteristic etc., become everybody very problems of concern.
Influencing each other between a group of planes becomes the large problem that present wind energy turbine set runs into.When a part wind-powered electricity generation group of planes moved because of the fault off-grid, a residue wind-powered electricity generation group of planes may be because of the point voltage fluctuation off-grid that is incorporated into the power networks.In addition, the low voltage crossing problem is also the study hotspot of wind power generation field.When electrical network generation voltage falls, if the low voltage ride-through capability of blower fan is not up to standard, a large amount of blower fans will occur cut the machine accident, can cause the significantly variation of system load flow, even can cause large-area power-cuts.Just need a kind of effectively based on the modeling method of large-scale wind power field so research has the major issue such as influence each other between the different group of planes of the wind energy turbine set of low voltage ride-through capability.
Summary of the invention
The method of the real-timedigital simulation modeling of a kind of high permeability wind energy turbine set of the present invention, described wind energy turbine set comprises at least two wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, and each described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes comprises control circuit 8, crowbar circuit 10, stator circuit breaker 11 and interface transformer 12 between wind speed model 1, wind-driven generator 2, net side converter 3, rotor-side converter 4, current transformer control circuit 5, rotor protection circuit 6, rotor circuit start-up circuit 7, age at failure;
Described wind speed model 1 is simulated different wind regime near wind-driven generator 2;
Between described age at failure, control circuit 8 one ends are connected with feeder voltage, and the other end connects described converter control circuit 5 and described crowbar circuit 10, monitor the described feeder voltage in a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, control the operation between described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes age at failure;
Described rotor protection circuit 6 one ends are connected with described wind-driven generator 2, and the other end is connected with described feeder voltage by described rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7;
The described converter control circuit 5 described net side converter 3 of control connection and described rotor-side converters 4;
Described rotor-side converter 4 be connected the rotor of crowbar circuit 10 with described wind-driven generator 2 and be connected;
Described stator circuit breaker 11 is connected with the stator of described wind-driven generator 2;
Described interface transformer 12 is connected with electrical network with stator circuit breaker 11.
In the first preferred embodiment provided by the invention: the type of described wind-driven generator 2 comprises double-fed, mouse-cage type and direct-driving type.
In the second preferred embodiment provided by the invention: the wind regime of described wind speed model 1 simulation comprises: basic wind, fitful wind, gradual change wind and RANDOM WIND.
In the 3rd preferred embodiment provided by the invention: described rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 be connected that between age at failure, one end of control circuit 8 all is connected with described feeder voltage; with described feeder voltage as enabling signal; between age at failure, control circuit 8 continues the described feeder voltage of monitoring; described feeder voltage is the 35KV feeder voltage
Control procedure between age at failure comprises:
Control circuit 8 Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop ranges between described age at failure:
Described drop range surpasses threshold value for the moment, closes described rotor-side converter 4, improves the reactive power that described net side converter 3 sends;
When described drop range surpasses threshold value two, close described rotor-side converter 4, improve the reactive power that described net side converter 3 sends, described rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 starts described rotor protection circuit 6, share the meritorious surplus of rotor-side, prevent that described wind-driven generator 2 rotating speeds are too high;
When described drop range surpasses threshold value three; close described rotor-side converter 4; improve the reactive power that described net side converter 3 sends; described rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 starts described rotor protection circuit 6; between described age at failure, control circuit 8 sends control signal and controls described stator circuit breaker 11 disconnections; the stator of described wind-driven generator 2 is kept being connected by resistive element with electrical network, make the stator current between age at failure decay rapidly.
In the 4th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: described rotor protection circuit 6 comprises uncontrollable bridge rectifier, turn-off thyristor and resistance.
In the 5th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: realize doubly taking advantage of the grid side electric current of interface transformer 12 by programming, thereby change the size that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is sent power.
In the 6th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: control circuit 8 Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop ranges between described age at failure, described drop range are no more than threshold value for the moment, detect between described age at failure, whether control circuit 8 recovers, be, without operation, no, recover control circuit 8 between described age at failure.
In the 7th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: between the described age at failure of described recovery, the process of control circuit 8 comprises: excise described rotor protection circuit 6, send the closed described stator circuit breaker 11 of control signal, recover normal condition.
In the 8th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes also comprises the dc bus braking circuit that is connected with dc bus, when described drop range surpassed described threshold value two or described threshold value three, operation can replace with: drop into the described DC bus-bar voltage of described dc bus braking circuit restriction and raise.
In the 9th preferred embodiment provided by the invention: described wind-powered electricity generation cluster also comprises the be incorporated into the power networks low voltage ride through control circuit 9 of point voltage of a monitoring wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, described low voltage ride through control circuit 9 comprises controls that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks or being incorporated into the power networks/the off-grid switch of off-grid, is incorporated into the power networks during judgement wind energy turbine set fault or the process of off-grid comprises:
Start timer when fault begins and begin timing, the time quantum that described timer meter is got is input in the low-voltage crossing iunction for curve, obtain reference voltage level, be incorporated into the power networks point voltage and described reference voltage level of a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes compared in real time, if a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks point voltage higher than described reference voltage level, described being incorporated into the power networks/off-grid switch opens, described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes off-grid; If a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks point voltage lower than this reference voltage level, described being incorporated into the power networks/off-grid switch remains closed, and a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes keeps being incorporated into the power networks.
In the tenth preferred embodiment provided by the invention: described low-voltage crossing iunction for curve is input to described time quantum according to the match of wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation the corresponding voltage reference value on the low voltage crossing curve of described wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation that is that obtains in described low-voltage crossing iunction for curve.
The beneficial effect of the method for the real-timedigital simulation modeling of a kind of high permeability wind energy turbine set provided by the invention comprises:
1, can simulate the real working condition of large-scale wind power field, different group of planes can be exported controlled power, have low voltage ride-through function between age at failure, in the time of can studying stable state wind energy turbine set between the impact of system grid stability, a different group of planes influence each other and during fault on the problems such as impact of system protection;
2, realized the low voltage crossing curve that national standard requires, and fall situation according to the line voltage difference and formulated low voltage traversing control method, method has good transplantability and replaceability, and the researcher who controls for the wind-powered electricity generation unit between the research age at failure provides a platform.
Description of drawings
Be illustrated in figure 1 as the structural representation of embodiment of the real-timedigital simulation modeling of a kind of high permeability wind energy turbine set provided by the invention;
Be illustrated in figure 2 as the control flow chart between the real-timedigital simulation modeling age at failure of a kind of high permeability wind energy turbine set provided by the invention;
Be incorporated into the power networks when being illustrated in figure 3 as judgement wind energy turbine set fault provided by the invention or the flow chart of off-grid;
Be illustrated in figure 4 as the technical stipulation schematic diagram of wind-powered electricity generation group of planes access electrical network.
In figure: 1 is the wind speed model; 2 is wind-driven generator; 3 is the net side converter; 4 is rotor-side converter; 5 is the current transformer control circuit; 6 is the rotor protection circuit; 7 is the rotor circuit start-up circuit; 8 is control circuit between age at failure; 9 is low voltage ride through control circuit; 10 is crowbar circuit; 11 is the stator circuit breaker; 12 is interface transformer.
Embodiment
the invention provides a kind of method of real-timedigital simulation modeling of high permeability wind energy turbine set, this wind energy turbine set comprises at least two wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, can simulate the ruuning situation of the Steady state and transient state of large-scale wind power field, being used for studying between the irregular operating states such as wind speed variation and age at failure wind energy turbine set short circuit characteristic and electrical network thereof and wind turbine faciation affects mutually, wherein, each wind-powered electricity generation group of planes comprises wind speed model 1, wind-driven generator 2, net side converter 3, rotor-side converter 4, current transformer control circuit 5, rotor protection circuit 6, rotor circuit start-up circuit 7, between age at failure, control circuit 8, crowbar circuit 10, stator circuit breaker 11 and interface transformer 12.
Wind speed model 1 is simulated different wind regime near wind-driven generator 2.
Between age at failure, control circuit 8 one ends are connected with feeder voltage, and the other end connects converter control circuit 5 and crowbar circuit 10, and the feeder voltage in a monitoring wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is controlled the operation between wind-powered electricity generation group of planes age at failure.
Rotor protection circuit 6 one ends are connected with wind-driven generator 2, and the other end is connected with feeder voltage by rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7.
Converter control circuit 5 control connection net side converter 3 and rotor-side converters 4.
Rotor-side converter 4 is connected with crowbar circuit and is connected with the rotor of wind-driven generator 2.
Stator circuit breaker 11 is connected with the stator of wind-driven generator 2.
Interface transformer 12 is connected with electrical network with stator circuit breaker 11.
Embodiment one:
Be illustrated in figure 1 as the structural representation of the embodiment of this wind energy turbine set, that the type of wind-driven generator 2 comprises is double-fed, mouse-cage type and direct-driving type, in the present embodiment with double feed wind power generator (DFIG, double fed induction generator) be example, as shown in Figure 1, in this embodiment, wind energy turbine set comprises two wind-powered electricity generation group of planes: wind-powered electricity generation group of planes A and wind-powered electricity generation group of planes B.
Concrete, the wind regime of wind speed model 1 simulation comprises: basic wind, fitful wind, gradual change wind and RANDOM WIND.
Rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 is connected an end of control circuit 8 and all is connected with feeder voltage with age at failure, as enabling signal, between age at failure, control circuit 8 continues this feeder voltage of monitoring with this feeder voltage, and this feeder voltage is illustrated in figure 1 as the 35KV feeder voltage.
Control procedure between age at failure comprises as shown in Figure 2:
Control circuit 8 Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop ranges between age at failure:
This drop range surpasses threshold value for the moment, closes rotor-side converter 4, improves the reactive power that net side converter 3 sends, and the reply line voltage falls.
When this drop range surpasses threshold value two, close rotor-side converter 4, improve the reactive power that net side converter 3 sends, rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 starts rotor protection circuit 6.Rotor protection circuit 6 is shared the meritorious surplus of rotor-side, prevents that effectively wind-driven generator 2 rotating speeds are too high.
When this drop range surpasses threshold value three; close rotor-side converter 4; improve the reactive power that net side converter 3 sends; rotor protection circuit starting circuit 7 starts rotor protection circuit 6; between age at failure, control circuit 8 sends control signal and controls 11 disconnections of stator circuit breaker; the stator of wind-driven generator 2 is kept being connected by resistive element with electrical network, make the stator current between age at failure decay rapidly.
This threshold value one, threshold value two and threshold value three are for reaching standard-required and realizing three threshold values that equipment protection arranges voluntarily.
Rotor protection circuit 6 is comprised of uncontrollable bridge rectifier, turn-off thyristor GTO and resistance.Realize doubly taking advantage of the grid side electric current of interface transformer 12 by programming, thereby change the size that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is sent power.
Further; control circuit 8 Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop ranges between age at failure, this drop range are no more than threshold value for the moment, when namely the 35KV feeder voltage is returned near normal value; during detection failure, whether control circuit 8 recovers; be, without operation, no; recover control circuit 8 between age at failure; the process of recovering control circuit 8 between age at failure comprises: excision rotor protection circuit 6, send the closed stator circuit breaker 11 of control signal, and recover normal condition.
Preferably, this wind-powered electricity generation group of planes can also comprise the dc bus braking circuit that is connected with dc bus, and when drop range surpassed threshold value two or threshold value three, operation can replace with: drop into dc bus braking circuit restriction DC bus-bar voltage and raise.
The wind-powered electricity generation cluster also comprises the be incorporated into the power networks low voltage ride through control circuit 9 of point voltage of a monitoring wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, this low voltage ride through control circuit 9 comprise with and the site be connected and control that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks or being incorporated into the power networks/the off-grid switch of off-grid, be incorporated into the power networks when being illustrated in figure 3 as judgement wind-powered electricity generation group of planes fault provided by the invention or the flow chart of off-grid, as shown in Figure 3, be incorporated into the power networks during judgement wind energy turbine set fault or the process of off-grid comprises:
Start timer when fault begins and begin timing, the time quantum that the timer meter is got is input in this low-voltage crossing iunction for curve, obtain reference voltage level, be incorporated into the power networks point voltage and this reference voltage level of a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes compared in real time, point voltage is higher than this reference voltage level if a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks, be incorporated into the power networks/the off-grid switch opens, this wind-powered electricity generation group of planes off-grid; Point voltage is lower than this reference voltage level if a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks, be incorporated into the power networks/the off-grid switch remains closed, and this wind-powered electricity generation group of planes keeps being incorporated into the power networks.
Wherein, the schematic diagram of the low voltage crossing curve of wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation as shown in Figure 4, the low-voltage crossing iunction for curve is input to time quantum according to the match of wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation the voltage reference value corresponding on the low voltage crossing curve that is that obtains in this low-voltage crossing iunction for curve.
Although abovely with reference to the accompanying drawings embodiments of the invention are had been described in detail, be not limited only to this embodiment, those skilled in the art's technical scheme concrete according to this carried out variously is equal to, deformation process, also within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. the method for the real-timedigital simulation modeling of a high permeability wind energy turbine set, it is characterized in that, described wind energy turbine set comprises at least two wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, and each described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes comprises control circuit (8), crowbar circuit (10), stator circuit breaker (11) and interface transformer (12) between wind speed model (1), wind-driven generator (2), net side converter (3), rotor-side converter (4), current transformer control circuit (5), rotor protection circuit (6), rotor circuit start-up circuit (7), age at failure;
Described wind speed model (1) is simulated different wind regime near wind-driven generator (2);
Between described age at failure, control circuit (8) one ends are connected with feeder voltage, the other end connects described converter control circuit (5) and described crowbar circuit (10), monitor the described feeder voltage in a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, control the operation between described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes age at failure;
Described rotor protection circuit (6) one ends are connected with described wind-driven generator (2), and the other end is connected with described feeder voltage by described rotor protection circuit starting circuit (7);
The described net side converter of described converter control circuit (5) control connection (3) and described rotor-side converter (4);
Described rotor-side converter (4) be connected the rotor of crowbar circuit (10) with described wind-driven generator (2) and be connected;
Described stator circuit breaker (11) is connected with the stator of described wind-driven generator (2);
Described interface transformer (12) is connected with electrical network with stator circuit breaker (11).
2. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, that the type of described wind-driven generator (2) comprises is double-fed, mouse-cage type and direct-driving type.
3. the method for claim 1, is characterized in that, the wind regime of described wind speed model (1) simulation comprises: basic wind, fitful wind, gradual change wind and RANDOM WIND.
4. the method for claim 1; it is characterized in that; described rotor protection circuit starting circuit (7) be connected an end of control circuit between age at failure (8) and all be connected with described feeder voltage; with described feeder voltage as enabling signal; control circuit between age at failure (8) continues the described feeder voltage of monitoring; described feeder voltage is the 35KV feeder voltage
Control procedure between age at failure comprises:
Control circuit between described age at failure (8) Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop range:
Described drop range surpasses threshold value for the moment, closes described rotor-side converter (4), improves the reactive power that described net side converter (3) sends;
When described drop range surpasses threshold value two, close described rotor-side converter (4), improve the reactive power that described net side converter (3) sends, described rotor protection circuit starting circuit (7) starts described rotor protection circuit (6), share the meritorious surplus of rotor-side, prevent that described wind-driven generator (2) rotating speed is too high;
When described drop range surpasses threshold value three; close described rotor-side converter (4); improve the reactive power that described net side converter (3) sends; described rotor protection circuit starting circuit (7) starts described rotor protection circuit (6); control circuit between described age at failure (8) sends control signal and controls described stator circuit breaker (11) disconnection; the stator of described wind-driven generator (2) is kept being connected by resistive element with electrical network, make the stator current between age at failure decay rapidly.
5. method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, described rotor protection circuit (6) comprises uncontrollable bridge rectifier, turn-off thyristor and resistance.
6. method as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, realizes doubly taking advantage of the grid side electric current of interface transformer (12) by programming, thereby change the size that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is sent power.
7. method as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, control circuit between described age at failure (8) Real-Time Monitoring feeder voltage drop range, described drop range is no more than threshold value for the moment, detect control circuit between described age at failure (8) and whether recover, be, without operation, no, recover control circuit (8) between described age at failure.
8. method as claimed in claim 7, is characterized in that, between the described age at failure of described recovery, the process of control circuit (8) comprising: excise described rotor protection circuit (6), send the closed described stator circuit breaker (11) of control signal, recover normal condition.
9. method as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes also comprises the dc bus braking circuit that is connected with dc bus, when described drop range surpassed described threshold value two or described threshold value three, operation can replace with: drop into the described DC bus-bar voltage of described dc bus braking circuit restriction and raise.
10. the method for claim 1, it is characterized in that, described wind-powered electricity generation cluster also comprises the be incorporated into the power networks low voltage ride through control circuit (9) of point voltage of a monitoring wind-powered electricity generation group of planes, described low voltage ride through control circuit (9) comprises controls that a wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks or being incorporated into the power networks/the off-grid switch of off-grid, is incorporated into the power networks during judgement wind energy turbine set fault or the process of off-grid comprises:
Start timer when fault begins and begin timing, the time quantum that described timer meter is got is input in the low-voltage crossing iunction for curve, obtain reference voltage level, be incorporated into the power networks point voltage and described reference voltage level of a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes compared in real time, if a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks point voltage higher than described reference voltage level, described being incorporated into the power networks/off-grid switch opens, described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes off-grid; If a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes is incorporated into the power networks point voltage lower than this reference voltage level, described being incorporated into the power networks/off-grid switch remains closed, and a described wind-powered electricity generation group of planes keeps being incorporated into the power networks.
11. method as claimed in claim 10, it is characterized in that, described low-voltage crossing iunction for curve is input to described time quantum according to the match of wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation the corresponding voltage reference value on the low voltage crossing curve of described wind energy turbine set access electric power network technique regulation that is that obtains in described low-voltage crossing iunction for curve.
CN201210444401.7A 2012-11-08 2012-11-08 Real-time digital simulation modeling method of high permeability wind power plant CN103138289B (en)

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CN106527182A (en) * 2016-12-23 2017-03-22 华南理工大学 Power grid stability test system containing multiple types of high-penetration new energy based on RTDS and method thereof
CN109050859A (en) * 2018-06-12 2018-12-21 同济大学 A kind of double-fed type ship mixing axis translator independence propulsion system and its control method
CN109050859B (en) * 2018-06-12 2020-06-26 同济大学 Double-fed ship hybrid shaft motor independent propulsion system and control method thereof

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